Study sets matching "research in psychology chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "research in psychology chapter 2"

Chapter 2: Research Methods in Psychology
theory
determinism
hypothesis
observer bias
An organized set of concepts that explains a phenomenon or se…
The doctrine that all events-physical, behavioral, and mental…
A tentative and testable explanation of the relationship betw…
The distortion of evidence because of the personal motives an…
theory
An organized set of concepts that explains a phenomenon or se…
determinism
The doctrine that all events-physical, behavioral, and mental…
30 terms
Chapter 2: Research in Health Psychology
Belief Bias
Epidemiology
Descriptive Study
Case Study
A form of faulty reasoning in which our expectations prevent…
The scientific study of the frequency, distribution, and caus…
A research method in which researchers observe and record par…
A descriptive study in which one person is studied in depth i…
Belief Bias
A form of faulty reasoning in which our expectations prevent…
Epidemiology
The scientific study of the frequency, distribution, and caus…
30 terms
Chapter 2 - Research in Psychology
hypothesis
variables
operational definition
participants/subjects
tentative statement about the relationship between two or mor…
any measurable conditions, events, characteristics, or behavi…
describes the action or operations that will be used to measu…
persons or animals whose behavior is systematically observed…
hypothesis
tentative statement about the relationship between two or mor…
variables
any measurable conditions, events, characteristics, or behavi…
39 terms
Psychology 30 - Chapter 2: Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Applied vs. Basic Research
Hypothesis
Independent/Dependent Variable
Also known as the knew-it-all-along effect or creeping determ…
Applied research is research that seeks to answer a question…
A supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
A variable is any factor, trait, or condition that can exist…
Hindsight Bias
Also known as the knew-it-all-along effect or creeping determ…
Applied vs. Basic Research
Applied research is research that seeks to answer a question…
20 terms
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 2/Research
nomothetic understanding
scientific method
hypothesis
case study
understanding of the nature, causes and treatments of abnorma…
systematically gathering and evaluating data to gain understa…
hunch or prediction that certain variables are related in cer…
detailed account of a person's life and psychological problems
nomothetic understanding
understanding of the nature, causes and treatments of abnorma…
scientific method
systematically gathering and evaluating data to gain understa…
29 terms
Research in Psychology: Chapter 2 - Ethics in Psychological Research
Ethics
Research psychologists
Critical incidents
5 Principles
A set of "standards governing the conduct of a person or the…
(1) Treat human research participants with respect & in a way…
Method, used by ethics committee that surveys psychologists &…
(1) Beneficence & non-maleficence (non-harming) ... - Psychologi…
Ethics
A set of "standards governing the conduct of a person or the…
Research psychologists
(1) Treat human research participants with respect & in a way…
53 terms
Chapter 2: Research in Psychology
hypothesis
theory
validity
reliability
in scientific research, a prediction stated as a specific, te…
an integrated set of propositions that can be used to account…
the extent to which the results of a study can be generalized…
the consistency of a research study or measuring test
hypothesis
in scientific research, a prediction stated as a specific, te…
theory
an integrated set of propositions that can be used to account…
Chapter 2: Research in Psychology
Francine Shapiro
Critical thinking
Hypothesis
Operational definition
A clinical psychologist who developed a trauma treatment call…
The process of assessing claims and making judgments on the b…
A prediction stated as a specific, testable proposition about…
A statement that defines the exact operations or methods used…
Francine Shapiro
A clinical psychologist who developed a trauma treatment call…
Critical thinking
The process of assessing claims and making judgments on the b…
42 terms
Chapter 2: Research in Psychology
critical thinking
hypothesis
operational definition
variable
the process of assessing claims and making judgments on the b…
in scientific research, a specific, testable proposition abou…
a statement that defines the exact operations or methods used…
a factor or characteristic that is manipulated or measured in…
critical thinking
the process of assessing claims and making judgments on the b…
hypothesis
in scientific research, a specific, testable proposition abou…
36 terms
Chapter 2-Research in Psychology
critical thinking
hypothesis
operational definition
variables
the process of evaluating propositions or hypotheses and maki…
a prediction stated as a testable proposition, usually in the…
a statement of the specific methods used to measure a variable
the specific factors or characteristics that are manipulated…
critical thinking
the process of evaluating propositions or hypotheses and maki…
hypothesis
a prediction stated as a testable proposition, usually in the…
48 terms
Psychology Chapter 2: Research in Psychology
basic assumption
curiosity
patience
objectivity
events are governed by some lawful order
helps you brainstorm/think of things, you have to have an ide…
you have to have a lot of this when doing experiments
can't influence with your personal belief and background when…
basic assumption
events are governed by some lawful order
curiosity
helps you brainstorm/think of things, you have to have an ide…
Chapter 2 Psychology- Research
Hindsight Bias
Overconfidence
Critical Thinking
Theory
tendency to believe after learning an outcome that one would…
the tendency to be more confident than correct- to overestima…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
Set of principles built on observations and other verifiable…
Hindsight Bias
tendency to believe after learning an outcome that one would…
Overconfidence
the tendency to be more confident than correct- to overestima…
PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 2 (RESEARCH)
EMPIRICAL SCIENCE
SCIENTIFIC METHOD
HYPOTHESIS
OBSERVATIONAL METHOD
A science that obtains evidence by experience. Shows visible…
Method to acquire or confirm knowledge through experimentation.
A specific statement about behavior or mental process that is…
State a Hypothesis, then going out and observe to prove it.
EMPIRICAL SCIENCE
A science that obtains evidence by experience. Shows visible…
SCIENTIFIC METHOD
Method to acquire or confirm knowledge through experimentation.
20 terms
Research Methods in Psychology, Chapter 2
Comparison group
Confounds
Confederate
Probabilistic
Any group which the index group is compared to
Alternative explanations for any outcome
An actor playing a specific role for the experimenter
Aspect of behavioral research meaning that inferences are not…
Comparison group
Any group which the index group is compared to
Confounds
Alternative explanations for any outcome
36 terms
Chapter 2: Research in Psychology
Critical Thinking
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Variable
The process of assessing claims and making judgments on the b…
In scientific research, a prediction stated as a specific, te…
A statement that defines the exact operations or methods used…
A factor or characteristic that is manipulated or measured in…
Critical Thinking
The process of assessing claims and making judgments on the b…
Hypothesis
In scientific research, a prediction stated as a specific, te…
33 terms
Psychology Chapter 2 - Research In Psychology
Critical Thinking
Theory:
Observational Methods
Case Studies
Process of assessing claims and making judgments on the basis…
An integrated set of propositions that can be used to account…
Procedures for systematically watching behavior in order to s…
Intensive examination of some phenomenon in a particular indi…
Critical Thinking
Process of assessing claims and making judgments on the basis…
Theory:
An integrated set of propositions that can be used to account…
Chapter 2: Research in Psychology
Critical Thinking
Hypothesis
Operational Defintion
Variable
The process of assessing claims and making judgments on the b…
In scientific research, a specific, testable proposition abou…
A statement that defines the exact operations or methods used…
A factor or characteristic that is manipulated or measured in…
Critical Thinking
The process of assessing claims and making judgments on the b…
Hypothesis
In scientific research, a specific, testable proposition abou…
Chapter 2: Research in Psychology
5 Critical Thinking Questions
Reliabilty
Validity
Case study
1. What am I being asked to believe or accept?... 2. What eviden…
Degree to which test results occur repeatedly
Degree to which test results measures what it's supposed to m…
Examination of some phenomenon in a particular individual, gr…
5 Critical Thinking Questions
1. What am I being asked to believe or accept?... 2. What eviden…
Reliabilty
Degree to which test results occur repeatedly
75 terms
Chapter 2: Research in Psychology
Critical thinking
Hypothesis
Operational definition
Variable
The process of assessing claims and making judgments on the b…
A prediction stated as a specific, testable proposition about…
A statement that defines the exact operations or methods used…
A factor or characteristic that is manipulated or measured in…
Critical thinking
The process of assessing claims and making judgments on the b…
Hypothesis
A prediction stated as a specific, testable proposition about…
22 terms
chapter 2 Research in Psychology
Survey
Naturalistic observation
Case study
Experiment
A questionare ... positives: lots of data quickly... negatives:answ…
watching subjects behaviors without interfering
Independent analysis of one individual ( rare occurrences)
studies cause and affect
Survey
A questionare ... positives: lots of data quickly... negatives:answ…
Naturalistic observation
watching subjects behaviors without interfering
61 terms
Chapter 2: Research in Abnormal Psychology
Research definition
Schizophrenia
What was thought to be the cause of Sc…
How was Schizophrenia treated in the f…
The systematic search for facts through the use of careful ob…
Is a severe disorder that causes people to lose contact with…
Was thought to be due to poor parenting from the mother. The…
Lobotomy. ... Outcome: patients were left with irreversible brai…
Research definition
The systematic search for facts through the use of careful ob…
Schizophrenia
Is a severe disorder that causes people to lose contact with…
Chapter 2: Research in Psychology
Psychology is a...
Difficulty for psychology
Steps in a Scientific Investigation
Independent variable
science
perceptions from other fields
1. Formulate testable hypothesis... 2. design study... 3. collect d…
differences between groups
Psychology is a...
science
Difficulty for psychology
perceptions from other fields
17 terms
Chapter 2: Research in Psychology
Anecdotal evidence
Case study
Confounding of variables
Naturalistic observation
Personal stories about specific incidents and experiences
in-depth investigation of an individual subject
condition that exists when 2 variables are linked together in…
the researcher enages in careful, prolonged observation of be…
Anecdotal evidence
Personal stories about specific incidents and experiences
Case study
in-depth investigation of an individual subject
20 terms
Research Methods in Psychology, Chapter 2
Comparison group
Confounds
Confederate
Probabilistic
Any group which the index group is compared to
Alternative explanations for any outcome
An actor playing a specific role for the experimenter
Aspect of behavioral research meaning that inferences are not…
Comparison group
Any group which the index group is compared to
Confounds
Alternative explanations for any outcome
53 terms
Chapter 2: Research in Psychology
hypothesis
theory
validity
reliability
in scientific research, a prediction stated as a specific, te…
an integrated set of propositions that can be used to account…
the extent to which the results of a study can be generalized…
the consistency of a research study or measuring test
hypothesis
in scientific research, a prediction stated as a specific, te…
theory
an integrated set of propositions that can be used to account…
Chapter 2 Research in Psychology
Critical Thinking
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Variable
the process of assessing claims and making judgments on the b…
in scientific research, a prediction stated as a specific, te…
a statement that defines the exact operations or methods used…
a factor or characteristic that is manipulated or measured in…
Critical Thinking
the process of assessing claims and making judgments on the b…
Hypothesis
in scientific research, a prediction stated as a specific, te…
24 terms
Psychology Chapter 2: Psychological Research
sample
naturalistic observation
case study
survey
small group of participants that a researcher studies
a psychologist observes a participant in a natural setting wi…
research method that involves an intensive investigation of o…
research method in which information is obtained by asking pe…
sample
small group of participants that a researcher studies
naturalistic observation
a psychologist observes a participant in a natural setting wi…
Chapter 2: Research in Abnormal Psychology
nomothetic
idiogrpahic
scientific method
variable
a general understanding of the nature, causes, and treatments…
individual understanding of abnormality
the process of systematically gathering and evaluating inform…
any characteristic or event that can vary, whether from time,…
nomothetic
a general understanding of the nature, causes, and treatments…
idiogrpahic
individual understanding of abnormality
58 terms
CHAPTER 2: RESEARCH METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY
nature
nurture
reliability
validity
characteristics inherited through genetics
characteristics determined by your surroundings... Ex: how you w…
consistency
accuracy
nature
characteristics inherited through genetics
nurture
characteristics determined by your surroundings... Ex: how you w…
Research Methods in Psychology: Chapter 2
A comparison group
Basing conclusions on personal experie…
Basing conclusions on systematic data…
Confounds
enables us to compare what would happen both with and without…
life often does not offer a comparison experience
has the simple but tremendous advantage of providing a compar…
- Confounds are alternative explanations... - Confounded can al…
A comparison group
enables us to compare what would happen both with and without…
Basing conclusions on personal experie…
life often does not offer a comparison experience
29 terms
Chapter 2: Research Methods in I/O Psychology
Objectivity
Variables
theory or model
Sampling
is the unbiased approach to observation and interpretations o…
are the elements measured in research investigations.
is an organization of beliefs into a representation of the fa…
is the selection of a representative group from a larger popu…
Objectivity
is the unbiased approach to observation and interpretations o…
Variables
are the elements measured in research investigations.
65 terms
Bernstein Chapter 2: Research in Psychology
critical thinking
hypothesis
operational definition
variable
the process of assessing claims and making judgments on the b…
in scientific research, a specific, testable proportion about…
a statement that defines the exact operations or methods used…
a factor or characteristic that is manipulated or measured in…
critical thinking
the process of assessing claims and making judgments on the b…
hypothesis
in scientific research, a specific, testable proportion about…
17 terms
Chapter 2 | Research in Health Psychology
what are some examples of descriptive…
what do descriptive studies record?
how are scores visually represented to…
what is it called when a researcher ma…
case studies ... interviews... surveys... observations
behavior of participants
scatterplot
an experiment
what are some examples of descriptive…
case studies ... interviews... surveys... observations
what do descriptive studies record?
behavior of participants
26 terms
Chapter 2- Research in Abnormal Psychology
Nomothetic Understanding
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Case Study
A general understanding of the nature, causes, ans treatments…
The process of systematically gathering and evaluating inform…
A hunch or prediction that certain variables are related in c…
A detailed account of a person's life and psychological probl…
Nomothetic Understanding
A general understanding of the nature, causes, ans treatments…
Scientific Method
The process of systematically gathering and evaluating inform…
51 terms
Chapter 2: Research Methods in Psychology
Scientific method
Theory
Goals of a theory
Hypothesis
Define your question, gather information, form hypothesis, pe…
An organized set of concepts that explains a phenomenon or se…
1. explain prior evidence/summarize existing data; 2. Suggest…
A tentative and testable explanation of the relationship betw…
Scientific method
Define your question, gather information, form hypothesis, pe…
Theory
An organized set of concepts that explains a phenomenon or se…
39 terms
Chapter 2: Research in Psychology
Thinking Critically
Steps to critical thinking
Hypothesis
Operational Definitions
Process of assessing claims and making judgements on the basi…
1. What am I supposed to believe?... 2. What evidence is availab…
Specific testable statement
A statement that defines the exact operations or methods used…
Thinking Critically
Process of assessing claims and making judgements on the basi…
Steps to critical thinking
1. What am I supposed to believe?... 2. What evidence is availab…
15 terms
Chapter 2: The research enterprise in psychology
Does the control group receive treatme…
Does the experimental group receive tr…
What direction does a graph with a pos…
What direction does a graph with a neg…
no
yes
up/right
down/right
Does the control group receive treatme…
no
Does the experimental group receive tr…
yes
34 terms
Chapter 2: Research in Psychology
The prediction that "bright colors wil…
Jason answered a series of vocabulary…
Jocelyn is interested in a rare form o…
A researcher was interested in determi…
a. Hypothesis
b. Validity
a. A case study
c. Experiment
The prediction that "bright colors wil…
a. Hypothesis
Jason answered a series of vocabulary…
b. Validity
Chapter 2: Terms Research Methods in Psychology
availability heuristic
bias blind spot
comparison group
confederate
The tendency to rely predominantly on evidence that easily co…
The tendency for people to think that compared to others, the…
A group in an experiment whose levels on the independent vari…
An actor who is directed by the researcher to play a specific…
availability heuristic
The tendency to rely predominantly on evidence that easily co…
bias blind spot
The tendency for people to think that compared to others, the…
34 terms
Chapter 2: Research In Psychology
critical thinking
hypothesis
operational definition
variable
the process of assessing claims and making judgements on the…
prediction
A statement that defines the exact operations or methods used…
A factor or characteristic that is manipulated or measured in…
critical thinking
the process of assessing claims and making judgements on the…
hypothesis
prediction
Chapter 2 - Research in Psychology
Hypothesis
Variable
Operational definition
Reliability
Specific, testable prediction
A factor that is manipulated or measured in research
Defines a variable in terms of the specific procedures used t…
Degree to which results are stable and consistent
Hypothesis
Specific, testable prediction
Variable
A factor that is manipulated or measured in research
Chapter 2: Research Psychology
Theory
Hypothesis
Replication
Independent Variable
A model of interconnected ideas or concepts that explains wha…
A specific, testable prediction, narrower than the theory it…
Repetition of a research study to confirm the results
The variable that gets manipulated in a research study
Theory
A model of interconnected ideas or concepts that explains wha…
Hypothesis
A specific, testable prediction, narrower than the theory it…
chapter 2: research in psychology
critical thinking
operational definition
variable
Data
The process of assessing claims in making judgments on the ba…
A statement that defines the exact operations are methods use…
I factor or characteristic that is manipulated or measured in…
Numbers that represent research findings and provide the basi…
critical thinking
The process of assessing claims in making judgments on the ba…
operational definition
A statement that defines the exact operations are methods use…
Chapter 2: The Research Enterprise In Psychology
Hypothesis
Variables
Operational Definition
Participants / Subjects
Is a tentative statement about the relationship between two o…
Are any measurable conditions, events, characteristics, or be…
Describes the actions or operations that will be used to meas…
are the persons or animals whose behaviour is systematically…
Hypothesis
Is a tentative statement about the relationship between two o…
Variables
Are any measurable conditions, events, characteristics, or be…
10 terms
Chapter 2 Research in Psychology
Research in psychology
Critical thinking
Four main goals
Independent variable
Psychologist use empirical research to collect and analyze in…
process of assessing claims or assertions and make judgments…
1. DESCRIBE the phenomena by gathering info... 2. make PREDICTIO…
manipulated/ controlled by research
Research in psychology
Psychologist use empirical research to collect and analyze in…
Critical thinking
process of assessing claims or assertions and make judgments…
12 terms
Research Psychology Chapter 2
comparison group
confound
confederate
probabilistic
Enables us to compare what would happen both with and without…
Occurs when you think one thing causing outcome but in fact o…
An actor playing a specific role for the experimenter
findings are not expected to explain all cases all of the time
comparison group
Enables us to compare what would happen both with and without…
confound
Occurs when you think one thing causing outcome but in fact o…
45 terms
Chapter 2: The Research Enterprise in Psychology
Anecdotal Evidence
Case Study
Confounding Variables
Control Group
Personal stories about specific incidents and experiences
An in-depth investigation of an individual subject
A condition that exists whenever two variables are linked in…
Subjects in a study who do not receive the special treatment…
Anecdotal Evidence
Personal stories about specific incidents and experiences
Case Study
An in-depth investigation of an individual subject
58 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 2 (Research in Psychology)
Nature
Nurture
Reliability
Validity
Biological/Genetic - How you became who you are today
The environment - How you became who you are today
the degree to which test *results or other research evidence…
the degree to which evidence from a test or other research me…
Nature
Biological/Genetic - How you became who you are today
Nurture
The environment - How you became who you are today
48 terms
Chapter 2 - The Research Enterprise in Psychology
Replication
Median
Dependent Variable
Operational Definition
The repetition of a study to see whether the earlier results…
The score that falls exactly in the centre of a distribution…
In an experiment, the variable that is thought to be affected…
A definition that describes the actions or operations that wi…
Replication
The repetition of a study to see whether the earlier results…
Median
The score that falls exactly in the centre of a distribution…
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