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Study sets matching "research in psychology"

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Study sets matching "research in psychology"

11 terms
Research in Psychology
Neuropsychology
Case Studies
Critical Thinking
Hypothesis
An area of psychology that studies the relationship among bra…
A research method involving the intensive examination of some…
The processes of assessing claims and making judgments on the…
In scientific research, a specific, testable proposition abou…
Neuropsychology
An area of psychology that studies the relationship among bra…
Case Studies
A research method involving the intensive examination of some…
11 terms
Research in Psychology
Science is empirical.
Theory
Characteristics of A Good Theory
Survey
Science is factual it can be proven
is an explanation leads to research.... set of interrelated cons…
- it's simple = fewer constructs... - accounts for data... - leads…
reveals an individuals thoughts feelings action and or tenden…
Science is empirical.
Science is factual it can be proven
Theory
is an explanation leads to research.... set of interrelated cons…
24 terms
Psychology Research
The scientific method
Hypothesis
Population
Sample
Step by step approach to planning, conducting and reporting r…
Is a testable prediction of the possible relationship between…
Is where the sample may be drawn for a study.
The participants selected from a population and used to test…
The scientific method
Step by step approach to planning, conducting and reporting r…
Hypothesis
Is a testable prediction of the possible relationship between…
51 terms
Psychology Research
Hindsight Bias
False Consensus Effect
Critical Thinking
Scientific Method
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
the tendency to overestimate the extent to which others agree…
not blindly accepting an emotional arguments and conclusions.…
based on gathering observable, empirical, and measurable evid…
Hindsight Bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
False Consensus Effect
the tendency to overestimate the extent to which others agree…
41 terms
Psychology - Research
Descriptive
inferential
random sampling
stratified sampling
statistics that organise, summarise and describe data
statistics that interpret and make inferences
each subject has equal opportunity to be chosen
sample needs to represent population on certain characteristic
Descriptive
statistics that organise, summarise and describe data
inferential
statistics that interpret and make inferences
20 terms
Research in Psychology
Scientific Method
Theories
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The approach through which psychologists systematically acqui…
Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of in…
A prediction stemming from a theory, stated in a way that all…
The translation of a hypothesis into specific, testable proce…
Scientific Method
The approach through which psychologists systematically acqui…
Theories
Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of in…
17 terms
Research in psychology - analysing research
Quantitative data
Qualitative data
Descriptive data
Mode
Expressed numerically
Descriptive data, opinions, judgments and even images
It sumerises patterns and trends in quantitative data rather…
Most common score in a data set
Quantitative data
Expressed numerically
Qualitative data
Descriptive data, opinions, judgments and even images
15 terms
Research in Psychology
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational definition
Archival Research
broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomenon of i…
A prediction stemming from a theory stated in a way that allo…
Translation of a hypothesis into specific testable procedures…
Research that examines existing data to test a hypothesis.
Theory
broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomenon of i…
Hypothesis
A prediction stemming from a theory stated in a way that allo…
21 terms
Psychology research
Sample
Random sample
Stratified sample
Cardinal rule of Naturalistic Observat…
A relatively small sample out of the total population
Each person in the population has an equal chance of being ch…
subgroups of population are represented porportionately
Avoid disturbing people/animals you are observing
Sample
A relatively small sample out of the total population
Random sample
Each person in the population has an equal chance of being ch…
Psychological Research
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
an explanation or summary of observations.
a testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
25 terms
Research in psychology - planning research
Hypothesis
Alternate hypothesis
Null hypothesis
Independent variable
Before doing research a prediction is made
Predicts a change or correlation in results
Predicts no change or correlation in results
Something the researcher changes
Hypothesis
Before doing research a prediction is made
Alternate hypothesis
Predicts a change or correlation in results
35 terms
Research in psychology - doing research
Experiments
Labatory experiments
Field experiments
Strengths of a labatory experiment
A method which collects research
Takes place in a controlled environment and reduces extraneou…
Takes place in the real and natural world and it can't contro…
If had very high level of control... Easier to establish cause a…
Experiments
A method which collects research
Labatory experiments
Takes place in a controlled environment and reduces extraneou…
27 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Replication
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Repeating the essence of a research study, usually with diffe…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Hypothesis
A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
32 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
11 terms
Research in psychology
Informed consent
Triangulation
Participant bias
Social desirability bias
Researchs informing participants of the nature of the study a…
Combning different research methods, to collect richer data.
When participant acts differently due to what they think is a…
an efffect term that people want to present a positive pictur…
Informed consent
Researchs informing participants of the nature of the study a…
Triangulation
Combning different research methods, to collect richer data.
15 terms
Research in Psychology
scientific method
theories
hypothesis
naturalistic observation
1. Identifying questions of interest ... 2. Formulating an expla…
broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of in…
a prediction, stemming from a theory, stated in a way that al…
research in which an investigator observes some naturally occ…
scientific method
1. Identifying questions of interest ... 2. Formulating an expla…
theories
broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of in…
62 terms
Unit 1B: Research Strategies in Psychology
Hindsight Bias
Double Blind Procedure
Independent Variable
Dependent Variables
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An experimental procedure in which both the research particip…
The experimental factor that is manipulated--the variable who…
The outcome factor -- the variable that may change in respons…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Double Blind Procedure
An experimental procedure in which both the research particip…
9 terms
Researchers in Psychology
Wilhelm Wundt
BF Skinner
Ivan Pavlov
Solomon Asch
Father of Psychology - opened first laboratory dedicated to p…
American behaviourist psychologist, coined the term "operant…
Known primarily for his work in Classical Conditioning
Known for conformity experiments demonstrating the influence…
Wilhelm Wundt
Father of Psychology - opened first laboratory dedicated to p…
BF Skinner
American behaviourist psychologist, coined the term "operant…
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
49 terms
Research in Psychology
Ethics
Confidentiality
Voluntary participation
Withdrawal rights
The moral principals and codes of behaviour that apply to all…
Participants' information must not be shared
Participants willingly decide to take part in an experiment
Participants are able to cease their participation at any time
Ethics
The moral principals and codes of behaviour that apply to all…
Confidentiality
Participants' information must not be shared
75 terms
Research In Psychology
scientific approach
basic assumption
Goals of SM
What makes psych research scientific?
based on basic assumption
events are governed by some lawful approach
1) measurement and description... 2) understand and predict... 3) a…
1) Precision... 2) Skepticism... 3) Reliance on Empirical Evidence…
scientific approach
based on basic assumption
basic assumption
events are governed by some lawful approach
25 terms
Research in Psychology
Scientific Method
Theories
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The approach through which psychologists systematically acqui…
Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of in…
A prediction, stemming from a theory, stated in a way that al…
The translation of a hypothesis into specific, testable proce…
Scientific Method
The approach through which psychologists systematically acqui…
Theories
Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of in…
20 terms
Research in Psychology
Intuition and Common Sense
Hindsight bias
Overconfidence
Natural Observation
They do not bring forth answers regarding human nature; they…
"I knew it all along" phenomenon where after learning an outc…
We think we know more than we actually know, which is why we…
systematic study of behavior in a natural setting;... example: r…
Intuition and Common Sense
They do not bring forth answers regarding human nature; they…
Hindsight bias
"I knew it all along" phenomenon where after learning an outc…
20 terms
Psychology Research
Sample
naturalistic observation
survey
longitudinal study
A small group of people that research is conducted on
research conducted on a subject in an environment that is nor…
a method of gathering data on a large number of subjects
a study that is conducted over a number of years
Sample
A small group of people that research is conducted on
naturalistic observation
research conducted on a subject in an environment that is nor…
31 terms
research in psychology
the scientific method
theory
hypothesis
operational definition
process of testing theories about the world by setting up sit…
explanation using an integrated set of principles that organi…
testable prediction, implied by a theory
carefully worded statement of the exact procedures used in a…
the scientific method
process of testing theories about the world by setting up sit…
theory
explanation using an integrated set of principles that organi…
16 terms
research in psychology
Problem with reasoning
a priori method
empiricism
belief perseverance
the statements being used must be true
developing consensus among those debating the merits of one b…
the process of learning things through direct observation or…
-hold in doggedly to a belief , even when they see something…
Problem with reasoning
the statements being used must be true
a priori method
developing consensus among those debating the merits of one b…
26 terms
Psychology Research
Fessler
Caspi
Sacks
Avery
Pregnant women... -1st trimester: depressed immune system... -disgu…
5-HTT gene... -predisposition for depression
Amnesia... -Herpes Encephalitis: brain damage to hippocampus and…
Melatonin (hormone)... -light therapy decreases SAD
Fessler
Pregnant women... -1st trimester: depressed immune system... -disgu…
Caspi
5-HTT gene... -predisposition for depression
27 terms
Research in Psychology
Naturalistic observation
Operational definition
Observational methods
Example of observational methods
Observing people where the behavior typically occurs
Defining what you are observing
Procedures for systemically watching and behavior in order to…
A researcher interested in measuring customer service might r…
Naturalistic observation
Observing people where the behavior typically occurs
Operational definition
Defining what you are observing
34 terms
Research in Psychology
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
I knew it all along
Thinking outside the box
A thought or concept that predicts behaviors or events
A testable prediction
Hindsight Bias
I knew it all along
Critical Thinking
Thinking outside the box
16 terms
Research in psychology
Descriptive reserch
Correlational data
Inferential research
Case study
Describes some facet of area, using info from texts, observat…
Used to identify possible relationships, I.e. Increase in tem…
Experimental data, relationships are observed in a controlled…
Very in depth look at one person or group, h.m.
Descriptive reserch
Describes some facet of area, using info from texts, observat…
Correlational data
Used to identify possible relationships, I.e. Increase in tem…
21 terms
Research in Psychology
Psychology
Mental processes
Overt
Pop psych
The scientific study of mental processes and behavior and how…
Convert behaviors. ... Ex) attention, memory, emotion, attitudes
Behaviors that can be observed directly or measured with inst…
Term used for a wide range of popularized psychological theor…
Psychology
The scientific study of mental processes and behavior and how…
Mental processes
Convert behaviors. ... Ex) attention, memory, emotion, attitudes
Research in Psychology
Operational Definition
Archival Research
Naturalistic Observation
Case Study
The translation of a hypothesis into specific, testable proce…
Research in which existing data, such as census documents, co…
Observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situa…
An in-depth, intensive investigation of an individual or smal…
Operational Definition
The translation of a hypothesis into specific, testable proce…
Archival Research
Research in which existing data, such as census documents, co…
16 terms
Research in Psychology
empirical methods
ethics
hypotheses
systematic observation
approaches to inquiry that are tied to actual measurement and…
professional guidelines that offer researchers a template for…
a logical idea that can be tested
the careful observation of the natural world with the aim of…
empirical methods
approaches to inquiry that are tied to actual measurement and…
ethics
professional guidelines that offer researchers a template for…
53 terms
Research in Psychology
Definition of psychology
Definition of pop psych (or popular ps…
Definition of psychobabble
State the difference between scientifi…
The scientific study of mental processes and behaviour and ho…
Wide range of popularized psychological theories and concepts…
Buzzwords taken from psychological terminology but used out o…
Scientific psychology is based on documented research evidenc…
Definition of psychology
The scientific study of mental processes and behaviour and ho…
Definition of pop psych (or popular ps…
Wide range of popularized psychological theories and concepts…
22 terms
Research in Psychology
Hypothesis
Observation
Theory
The Process of Research
a tentative and testable explanation of the relationship betw…
careful environmental examination
organized set of concepts that explains a phenomenon or set o…
1. Theory... 2. Define Hypothesis... 3. Design Study
Hypothesis
a tentative and testable explanation of the relationship betw…
Observation
careful environmental examination
39 terms
Research Methods in Psychology
Ethics
Debriefing
Informed Consent
Withdrawal Rights
a set of moral principles by which human behaviour may be jud…
at the completion of a study, providing participants with ful…
Wherever possible, participants must be appropriately informe…
The experimenter must inform participants of procedures to be…
Ethics
a set of moral principles by which human behaviour may be jud…
Debriefing
at the completion of a study, providing participants with ful…
8 terms
Psychology-Research
Quantitavie
Quantative
Operationalised
Independent Varible
Numbers (tit)
Righting (tat)
Made veriables measurable an example of this would be age in…
The variable that the experimenter manipulates. The cause.
Quantitavie
Numbers (tit)
Quantative
Righting (tat)
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
9 terms
Research In Psychology
Four goals of psychology?
Experience
Tenacity
Intution
Describe, predict, control, explain
First hand knowledge or personal perspective
The acceptance of knowledge or information because it has bee…
Direct awareness of something without direct attention or con…
Four goals of psychology?
Describe, predict, control, explain
Experience
First hand knowledge or personal perspective
33 terms
Research in Psychology
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Variable
Operational Definition
1. identify question of interest... 2. gather information and fo…
a specific, testable prediction
a factor that is manipulated or measured in research
defines a variable in terms of specific procedures used to pr…
Scientific Method
1. identify question of interest... 2. gather information and fo…
Hypothesis
a specific, testable prediction
9 terms
Research in Psychology
Psychology
Hindsight Bias
Overconfidence
The Barnum Effect
The science of behavior and mental processes
The tendency to believe, after learning the outcome, that you…
We tend to think we know more than we actually do
The tendency for people to accept general or vague characteri…
Psychology
The science of behavior and mental processes
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning the outcome, that you…
33 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
Research in Psychology
critical thinking
descriptive approach
naturalistic observation
participant obersvation
method of thinking about and observing the world
- used to describe what you observe... - observing and classifying
watching from a distance (they don't know you're watching)
becomes one of the group (marshall becoming a gorilla)
critical thinking
method of thinking about and observing the world
descriptive approach
- used to describe what you observe... - observing and classifying
12 terms
Research in Psychology
Hypothesis
Correlational Research
Experiment
Independent variable
educated guess made to further investigation
tells us about the relationship between two variables
a scientific procedure to make a discovery, test a hypothesis…
MANIPULATED
Hypothesis
educated guess made to further investigation
Correlational Research
tells us about the relationship between two variables
15 terms
Research in Psychology
naturalistic observation
observational methods
case studies
correlation studies
the process of watching without interferring
watching behavior in order to summarize it for specific analy…
intensive examinations of behavior or mental processes, may i…
examine relationships between variables in order to describe…
naturalistic observation
the process of watching without interferring
observational methods
watching behavior in order to summarize it for specific analy…
18 terms
Research in Psychology
What is Scientific Method
What are the five steps to the scienti…
what is Naturalistic Observation
what is Laboratory Observation
system of gathering data so that bias and error in measuremen…
Perceiving the Question... Forming a Hypothesis... Testing the Hy…
observe people or animals in natural environment.
observe people or animals in a laboratory setting.
What is Scientific Method
system of gathering data so that bias and error in measuremen…
What are the five steps to the scienti…
Perceiving the Question... Forming a Hypothesis... Testing the Hy…
22 terms
Research in Psychology: Experimental Methods
aim
independent variable (IV)
dependent variable (DV)
operationalized
to have a specified goal or purpose
The manipulated variable. The variable that you (I) can contr…
The variable measured to determine if it changes as a result…
Clearly defining a research variable so that it can be measured
aim
to have a specified goal or purpose
independent variable (IV)
The manipulated variable. The variable that you (I) can contr…
25 terms
Research in Psychology
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Representative Sample
Case Study
The item that is changing or controlling
The item that measures or determines how it is effected
Closely resembles the population in the percentage of males a…
Takes an in depth look on one individual, Most popular type o…
Independent Variable
The item that is changing or controlling
Dependent Variable
The item that measures or determines how it is effected
16 terms
Psychology: Research
Hindsight bias
Hypothesis
descriptive research
longitudinal study
Belief that "you knew it all along"
expresses a relationship between at least 2 variables
research that observes and records. Does not talk about relat…
study changes in individual or group behavior over an extende…
Hindsight bias
Belief that "you knew it all along"
Hypothesis
expresses a relationship between at least 2 variables
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