# Study sets matching "research in psychology"

Study sets

Diagrams

Classes

Users

anecdotal evidence

case study

confounding of variables

control group

Personal stories about specific incidents and experiences-- no…

An in-depth examination of a single research participant.

occurs when two variables are linked together in a way that ma…

consists of similar subjects who do not receive the special tr…

anecdotal evidence

Personal stories about specific incidents and experiences-- no…

case study

An in-depth examination of a single research participant.

Population

Sample

Representative Sample

Systematic

the large group of interest to a researcher

the small set of individuals who participate in the study

is a sample with the same characteristics as the population

(Probability)... - sample is obtained by selecting every n"th" pa…

Population

the large group of interest to a researcher

Sample

the small set of individuals who participate in the study

case study

control group

correlation

double-blind procedure

An in-depth examination of a single research participant.

consists of similar subjects who do not receive the special tr…

exists when two variables are related to each other

an experimental procedure in which both the research participa…

case study

An in-depth examination of a single research participant.

control group

consists of similar subjects who do not receive the special tr…

Informed Consent

Confidentiality

Deception

Withdrawal

getting permission before conducting an experiment

a set of rules that limits access or places restrictions on ce…

a patient isn't fully informed about what is happening; deceiv…

Allowing participants to stop the experiment at any time if th…

Informed Consent

getting permission before conducting an experiment

Confidentiality

a set of rules that limits access or places restrictions on ce…

Mean

Median

Mode

Standard Deviation

The average in a set of numbers

The middle number in a set of numbers

Most frequently re-occuring number in a set of numbers

Used to show and measure the consistency of the numbers in a d…

Mean

The average in a set of numbers

Median

The middle number in a set of numbers

case study

confounding of variables

control group

correlation

An in-depth examination of a single research participant.

occurs when two variables are linked together in a way that ma…

consists of similar subjects who do not receive the special tr…

exists when two variables are related to each other

case study

An in-depth examination of a single research participant.

confounding of variables

occurs when two variables are linked together in a way that ma…

Mean

Median

Mode

Standard Deviation

The average in a set of numbers

The middle number in a set of numbers

Most frequently re-occuring number in a set of numbers

Used to show and measure the variation in data

Mean

The average in a set of numbers

Median

The middle number in a set of numbers

Scientific Method

Theories

Hypothesis

Operational Definition

systematically acquire knowledge

General relationship between variables

A specific prediction to test a theory

makes the variable measurable

Scientific Method

systematically acquire knowledge

Theories

General relationship between variables

Hindsight Bias

Hypothesis

Operational Definition

Replication

The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one w…

A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.

A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define rese…

Repeating the essence of a research study, usually with differ…

Hindsight Bias

The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one w…

Hypothesis

A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.

Sample

Random sample

Stratified sample

Cardinal rule of Naturalistic Observati…

A relatively small sample out of the total population

Each person in the population has an equal chance of being cho…

subgroups of population are represented porportionately

Avoid disturbing people/animals you are observing

Sample

A relatively small sample out of the total population

Random sample

Each person in the population has an equal chance of being cho…

Mean

Median

Mode

Standard Deviation

The average in a set of numbers

The middle number in a set of numbers

Most frequently re-occuring number in a set of numbers

Used to show and measure the variation in data

Mean

The average in a set of numbers

Median

The middle number in a set of numbers

Scientific Method

Theories

Hypothesis

Operational Definition

The approach through which psychologists systematically acquir…

Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of int…

A prediction stemming from a theory, stated in a way that allo…

The translation of a hypothesis into specific, testable proced…

Scientific Method

The approach through which psychologists systematically acquir…

Theories

Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of int…

Theory

Principle

Concept

Empirical Evidence

a statement that attempts to explain why things are the way th…

a rule or law; does not exist in psychological research

hypothetical constructs that must be carefully defined so they…

data drawn from experimentation as opposed to theory/opinion

Theory

a statement that attempts to explain why things are the way th…

Principle

a rule or law; does not exist in psychological research

Artifacts

Behavior

Mental Processes

Nomothetic approach

results that are associated with the effect of unseen factors

external observable actions and manifestations of organisms

internal patterns of information processing such as thinking,…

scientifc orientation whose goal is to derive (discover) unive…

Artifacts

results that are associated with the effect of unseen factors

Behavior

external observable actions and manifestations of organisms

Experiments

Labatory experiments

Field experiments

Strengths of a labatory experiment

A method which collects research

Takes place in a controlled environment and reduces extraneous…

Takes place in the real and natural world and it can't control…

If had very high level of control... Easier to establish cause an…

Experiments

A method which collects research

Labatory experiments

Takes place in a controlled environment and reduces extraneous…

Mean

Median

Mode

Standard Deviation

The average in a set of numbers

The middle number in a set of numbers

Most frequently re-occuring number in a set of numbers

Used to show and measure the variation in data

Mean

The average in a set of numbers

Median

The middle number in a set of numbers

Hindsight Bias

Critical Thinking

Theory

Hypothesis

The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one w…

Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusion…

An explanation of how or why something happens

A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.

Hindsight Bias

The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one w…

Critical Thinking

Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusion…

Neuropsychology

Case Studies

Critical Thinking

Hypothesis

An area of psychology that studies the relationship among brai…

A research method involving the intensive examination of some…

The processes of assessing claims and making judgments on the…

In scientific research, a specific, testable proposition about…

Neuropsychology

An area of psychology that studies the relationship among brai…

Case Studies

A research method involving the intensive examination of some…

Hindsight Bias

Double Blind Procedure

Independent Variable

Dependent Variables

The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one w…

An experimental procedure in which both the research participa…

The experimental factor that is manipulated--the variable whos…

The outcome factor -- the variable that may change in response…

Hindsight Bias

The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one w…

Double Blind Procedure

An experimental procedure in which both the research participa…

Hindsight Bias

Double Blind Procedure

Independent Variable

Dependent Variables

The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one w…

An experimental procedure in which both the research participa…

The experimental factor that is manipulated--the variable whos…

The outcome factor -- the variable that may change in response…

Hindsight Bias

The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one w…

Double Blind Procedure

An experimental procedure in which both the research participa…

Mean

Median

Mode

Standard Deviation

The average in a set of numbers

The middle number in a set of numbers

Most frequently re-occuring number in a set of numbers

Used to show and measure the variation in data

Mean

The average in a set of numbers

Median

The middle number in a set of numbers

Intuition/Common Sense

Hindsight Bias

Overconfidence

Natural Observation

do not bring forth answers regarding human nature; only aid qu…

"I knew it all along" phenomenon where after learning an outco…

we think we know more than we actually know

observing and recording behavior in a naturally occurring sett…

Intuition/Common Sense

do not bring forth answers regarding human nature; only aid qu…

Hindsight Bias

"I knew it all along" phenomenon where after learning an outco…

Scientific Method

Theories

Hypothesis

Operational definition (operationalizin…

A series of steps followed to solve problems including collect…

Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of int…

A testable prediction, often implied by a theory

a statement of the procedures (operations) used to define rese…

Scientific Method

A series of steps followed to solve problems including collect…

Theories

Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of int…

Contingency Tables

Chi Square Test of Independence

Example of a Contingency table

Correlation Coefficient

A table showing the distribution of two or more variables in r…

To tell if the data in the contingency tables are independent…

Vary from -1 to 1

Contingency Tables

A table showing the distribution of two or more variables in r…

Chi Square Test of Independence

To tell if the data in the contingency tables are independent…

Hypothesis

Variables

Independent Variable

Dependent Variable

Prediction based on theory

-Independent variable... -Dependent variable... -Confounding variable

One variable the researchers are deliberately changing to dete…

The characteristic or response that is measured to determine t…

Hypothesis

Prediction based on theory

Variables

-Independent variable... -Dependent variable... -Confounding variable