Study sets matching "research in psychology"

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Study sets matching "research in psychology"

41 terms
Research in Psychology
anecdotal evidence
case study
confounding of variables
control group
Personal stories about specific incidents and experiences-- n…
An in-depth examination of a single research participant.
occurs when two variables are linked together in a way that m…
consists of similar subjects who do not receive the special t…
anecdotal evidence
Personal stories about specific incidents and experiences-- n…
case study
An in-depth examination of a single research participant.
24 terms
Psychology Research
The scientific method
Hypothesis
Population
Sample
Step by step approach to planning, conducting and reporting r…
Is a testable prediction of the possible relationship between…
Is where the sample may be drawn for a study.
The participants selected from a population and used to test…
The scientific method
Step by step approach to planning, conducting and reporting r…
Hypothesis
Is a testable prediction of the possible relationship between…
20 terms
Research in Psychology
Scientific Method
Theories
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The approach through which psychologists systematically acqui…
Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of in…
A prediction stemming from a theory, stated in a way that all…
The translation of a hypothesis into specific, testable proce…
Scientific Method
The approach through which psychologists systematically acqui…
Theories
Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of in…
15 terms
Research in Psychology
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational definition
Archival Research
broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomenon of i…
A prediction stemming from a theory stated in a way that allo…
Translation of a hypothesis into specific testable procedures…
Research that examines existing data to test a hypothesis.
Theory
broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomenon of i…
Hypothesis
A prediction stemming from a theory stated in a way that allo…
15 terms
Research in Psychology
scientific method
theories
hypothesis
naturalistic observation
1. Identifying questions of interest ... 2. Formulating an expla…
broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of in…
a prediction, stemming from a theory, stated in a way that al…
research in which an investigator observes some naturally occ…
scientific method
1. Identifying questions of interest ... 2. Formulating an expla…
theories
broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of in…
Research In Psychology
scientific approach
basic assumption
Goals of SM
What makes psych research scientific?
based on basic assumption
events are governed by some lawful approach
1) measurement and description... 2) understand and predict... 3) a…
1) Precision... 2) Skepticism... 3) Reliance on Empirical Evidence…
scientific approach
based on basic assumption
basic assumption
events are governed by some lawful approach
25 terms
Research in Psychology
Scientific Method
Theories
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The approach through which psychologists systematically acqui…
Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of in…
A prediction, stemming from a theory, stated in a way that al…
The translation of a hypothesis into specific, testable proce…
Scientific Method
The approach through which psychologists systematically acqui…
Theories
Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of in…
20 terms
Research in Psychology
Intuition and Common Sense
Hindsight bias
Overconfidence
Natural Observation
They do not bring forth answers regarding human nature; they…
"I knew it all along" phenomenon where after learning an outc…
We think we know more than we actually know, which is why we…
systematic study of behavior in a natural setting;... example: r…
Intuition and Common Sense
They do not bring forth answers regarding human nature; they…
Hindsight bias
"I knew it all along" phenomenon where after learning an outc…
11 terms
Research in Psychology
Neuropsychology
Case Studies
Critical Thinking
Hypothesis
An area of psychology that studies the relationship among bra…
A research method involving the intensive examination of some…
The processes of assessing claims and making judgments on the…
In scientific research, a specific, testable proposition abou…
Neuropsychology
An area of psychology that studies the relationship among bra…
Case Studies
A research method involving the intensive examination of some…
Research in Psychology
Archival Research
Naturalistic Observation
Survey Research
Case Study
use data that already exists such as newspapers, census, coll…
looking at behavior in its truest form. Problem: people's beh…
sample is tested from a random sample of people. Problem: peo…
doing an in-depth investigation of an individual.
Archival Research
use data that already exists such as newspapers, census, coll…
Naturalistic Observation
looking at behavior in its truest form. Problem: people's beh…
11 terms
Research in Psychology
Science is empirical.
Theory
Characteristics of A Good Theory
Survey
Science is factual it can be proven
is an explanation leads to research.... set of interrelated cons…
- it's simple = fewer constructs... - accounts for data... - leads…
reveals an individuals thoughts feelings action and or tenden…
Science is empirical.
Science is factual it can be proven
Theory
is an explanation leads to research.... set of interrelated cons…
16 terms
Research in psychology
Descriptive reserch
Correlational data
Inferential research
Case study
Describes some facet of area, using info from texts, observat…
Used to identify possible relationships, I.e. Increase in tem…
Experimental data, relationships are observed in a controlled…
Very in depth look at one person or group, h.m.
Descriptive reserch
Describes some facet of area, using info from texts, observat…
Correlational data
Used to identify possible relationships, I.e. Increase in tem…
21 terms
Psychology research
Sample
Random sample
Stratified sample
Cardinal rule of Naturalistic Observat…
A relatively small sample out of the total population
Each person in the population has an equal chance of being ch…
subgroups of population are represented porportionately
Avoid disturbing people/animals you are observing
Sample
A relatively small sample out of the total population
Random sample
Each person in the population has an equal chance of being ch…
31 terms
research in psychology
the scientific method
theory
hypothesis
operational definition
process of testing theories about the world by setting up sit…
explanation using an integrated set of principles that organi…
testable prediction, implied by a theory
carefully worded statement of the exact procedures used in a…
the scientific method
process of testing theories about the world by setting up sit…
theory
explanation using an integrated set of principles that organi…
27 terms
Research in Psychology
Naturalistic observation
Operational definition
Observational methods
Example of observational methods
Observing people where the behavior typically occurs
Defining what you are observing
Procedures for systemically watching and behavior in order to…
A researcher interested in measuring customer service might r…
Naturalistic observation
Observing people where the behavior typically occurs
Operational definition
Defining what you are observing
16 terms
research in psychology
Problem with reasoning
a priori method
empiricism
belief perseverance
the statements being used must be true
developing consensus among those debating the merits of one b…
the process of learning things through direct observation or…
-hold in doggedly to a belief , even when they see something…
Problem with reasoning
the statements being used must be true
a priori method
developing consensus among those debating the merits of one b…
Psychological Research
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
an explanation or summary of observations.
a testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
21 terms
Research in Psychology
Psychology
Mental processes
Overt
Pop psych
The scientific study of mental processes and behavior and how…
Convert behaviors. ... Ex) attention, memory, emotion, attitudes
Behaviors that can be observed directly or measured with inst…
Term used for a wide range of popularized psychological theor…
Psychology
The scientific study of mental processes and behavior and how…
Mental processes
Convert behaviors. ... Ex) attention, memory, emotion, attitudes
Research in Psychology
empirical methods
ethics
hypotheses
systematic observation
approaches to inquiry that are tied to actual measurement and…
professional guidelines that offer researchers a template for…
a logical idea that can be tested
the careful observation of the natural world with the aim of…
empirical methods
approaches to inquiry that are tied to actual measurement and…
ethics
professional guidelines that offer researchers a template for…
22 terms
Research in Psychology
Hypothesis
Observation
Theory
The Process of Research
a tentative and testable explanation of the relationship betw…
careful environmental examination
organized set of concepts that explains a phenomenon or set o…
1. Theory... 2. Define Hypothesis... 3. Design Study
Hypothesis
a tentative and testable explanation of the relationship betw…
Observation
careful environmental examination
Research in Psychology
Operational Definition
Archival Research
Naturalistic Observation
Case Study
The translation of a hypothesis into specific, testable proce…
Research in which existing data, such as census documents, co…
Observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situa…
An in-depth, intensive investigation of an individual or smal…
Operational Definition
The translation of a hypothesis into specific, testable proce…
Archival Research
Research in which existing data, such as census documents, co…
33 terms
Research in Psychology
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Variable
Operational Definition
1. identify question of interest... 2. gather information and fo…
a specific, testable prediction
a factor that is manipulated or measured in research
defines a variable in terms of specific procedures used to pr…
Scientific Method
1. identify question of interest... 2. gather information and fo…
Hypothesis
a specific, testable prediction
Research Methods in Psychology
Ethics
Debriefing
Informed Consent
Withdrawal Rights
a set of moral principles by which human behaviour may be jud…
at the completion of a study, providing participants with ful…
Wherever possible, participants must be appropriately informe…
The experimenter must inform participants of procedures to be…
Ethics
a set of moral principles by which human behaviour may be jud…
Debriefing
at the completion of a study, providing participants with ful…
17 terms
Research in psychology - analysing research
Quantitative data
Qualitative data
Descriptive data
Mode
Expressed numerically
Descriptive data, opinions, judgments and even images
It sumerises patterns and trends in quantitative data rather…
Most common score in a data set
Quantitative data
Expressed numerically
Qualitative data
Descriptive data, opinions, judgments and even images
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
62 terms
Unit 1B: Research Strategies in Psychology
Hindsight Bias
Double Blind Procedure
Independent Variable
Dependent Variables
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An experimental procedure in which both the research particip…
The experimental factor that is manipulated--the variable who…
The outcome factor -- the variable that may change in respons…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Double Blind Procedure
An experimental procedure in which both the research particip…
Research in Psychology Chpt 8
Factorial Design
Factorial Matrix
Main Effect
Interaction
Any experiment design with more than one independent variable
A row and column arrangement that characterizes a factorial d…
Refers to whether or not statistically significant difference…
In a factorial design, occurs when the effect of one independ…
Factorial Design
Any experiment design with more than one independent variable
Factorial Matrix
A row and column arrangement that characterizes a factorial d…
9 terms
Research in Psychology
Psychology
Hindsight Bias
Overconfidence
The Barnum Effect
The science of behavior and mental processes
The tendency to believe, after learning the outcome, that you…
We tend to think we know more than we actually do
The tendency for people to accept general or vague characteri…
Psychology
The science of behavior and mental processes
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning the outcome, that you…
Research in Psychology
critical thinking
descriptive approach
naturalistic observation
participant obersvation
method of thinking about and observing the world
- used to describe what you observe... - observing and classifying
watching from a distance (they don't know you're watching)
becomes one of the group (marshall becoming a gorilla)
critical thinking
method of thinking about and observing the world
descriptive approach
- used to describe what you observe... - observing and classifying
27 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Replication
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Repeating the essence of a research study, usually with diffe…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Hypothesis
A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.
15 terms
Research in Psychology
naturalistic observation
observational methods
case studies
correlation studies
the process of watching without interferring
watching behavior in order to summarize it for specific analy…
intensive examinations of behavior or mental processes, may i…
examine relationships between variables in order to describe…
naturalistic observation
the process of watching without interferring
observational methods
watching behavior in order to summarize it for specific analy…
41 terms
Psychology - Research
Descriptive
inferential
random sampling
stratified sampling
statistics that organise, summarise and describe data
statistics that interpret and make inferences
each subject has equal opportunity to be chosen
sample needs to represent population on certain characteristic
Descriptive
statistics that organise, summarise and describe data
inferential
statistics that interpret and make inferences
22 terms
Research in Psychology Ch 1 Psychological research
empiricism
testability
applied
determinism
Gaining knowledge through systematic observation of the world.
The canons of the scientific method: 1) empiricism, 2) determ…
Which type of research is designed to gain solutions to every…
The canons of the scientific method: 1) empiricism, 2) ______…
empiricism
Gaining knowledge through systematic observation of the world.
testability
The canons of the scientific method: 1) empiricism, 2) determ…
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
24 terms
Psychological Research
Theory
Hypothesis
Replicable
Falsifiable
an organized set of principles used to explain observed pheno…
testable statement/prediction
results almost anyone can obtain, at least approximately, by…
makes sufficiently precise predictions that we can at least i…
Theory
an organized set of principles used to explain observed pheno…
Hypothesis
testable statement/prediction
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
25 terms
Research in psychology - planning research
Hypothesis
Alternate hypothesis
Null hypothesis
Independent variable
Before doing research a prediction is made
Predicts a change or correlation in results
Predicts no change or correlation in results
Something the researcher changes
Hypothesis
Before doing research a prediction is made
Alternate hypothesis
Predicts a change or correlation in results
35 terms
Research in psychology - doing research
Experiments
Labatory experiments
Field experiments
Strengths of a labatory experiment
A method which collects research
Takes place in a controlled environment and reduces extraneou…
Takes place in the real and natural world and it can't contro…
If had very high level of control... Easier to establish cause a…
Experiments
A method which collects research
Labatory experiments
Takes place in a controlled environment and reduces extraneou…
26 terms
Psychology Research
Fessler
Caspi
Sacks
Avery
Pregnant women... -1st trimester: depressed immune system... -disgu…
5-HTT gene... -predisposition for depression
Amnesia... -Herpes Encephalitis: brain damage to hippocampus and…
Melatonin (hormone)... -light therapy decreases SAD
Fessler
Pregnant women... -1st trimester: depressed immune system... -disgu…
Caspi
5-HTT gene... -predisposition for depression
22 terms
Research in Psychology: Experimental Methods
aim
independent variable (IV)
dependent variable (DV)
operationalized
to have a specified goal or purpose
The manipulated variable. The variable that you (I) can contr…
The variable measured to determine if it changes as a result…
Clearly defining a research variable so that it can be measured
aim
to have a specified goal or purpose
independent variable (IV)
The manipulated variable. The variable that you (I) can contr…
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
18 terms
Research in Psychology
What is Scientific Method
What are the five steps to the scienti…
what is Naturalistic Observation
what is Laboratory Observation
system of gathering data so that bias and error in measuremen…
Perceiving the Question... Forming a Hypothesis... Testing the Hy…
observe people or animals in natural environment.
observe people or animals in a laboratory setting.
What is Scientific Method
system of gathering data so that bias and error in measuremen…
What are the five steps to the scienti…
Perceiving the Question... Forming a Hypothesis... Testing the Hy…
25 terms
Research in Psychology
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Representative Sample
Case Study
The item that is changing or controlling
The item that measures or determines how it is effected
Closely resembles the population in the percentage of males a…
Takes an in depth look on one individual, Most popular type o…
Independent Variable
The item that is changing or controlling
Dependent Variable
The item that measures or determines how it is effected
28 terms
Research Methods in Psychology: Ch. 1 - Psychological Research
Why do psychologists use the scientifi…
The definition of "Intuition"
The definition of "Deduction"
The definition of "Authority"
The scientific method provides the best approach to gain new…
Relying on common sense as a means of knowing the world.... Exa…
Using logical reasoning and current knowledge as a means of k…
Relying on a knowledgeable person or group as a means of know…
Why do psychologists use the scientifi…
The scientific method provides the best approach to gain new…
The definition of "Intuition"
Relying on common sense as a means of knowing the world.... Exa…
Research in psychology
Informed consent
Triangulation
Participant bias
Social desirability bias
Researchs informing participants of the nature of the study a…
Combning different research methods, to collect richer data.
When participant acts differently due to what they think is a…
an efffect term that people want to present a positive pictur…
Informed consent
Researchs informing participants of the nature of the study a…
Triangulation
Combning different research methods, to collect richer data.
Research in Psychology
independent variable
dependent variable
extraneous variable
hypothesis
control or manipulate population
variable affected by manipulation of independent variable ... da…
any other variable that seem to influence the dependent
statement about the relationship between one or more variable
independent variable
control or manipulate population
dependent variable
variable affected by manipulation of independent variable ... da…
Research in psychology
IRBS
ETHICAL GUIDELINE
INFORMED CONSENT
CHECKLIST FORM INFORMED CONSENT FORM
Were created in 1974 in federal regulations for research invo…
Research subject must be voluntary... All participants in the re…
A document signed by the participant affirming they have been…
Each consent form should contained information about the foll…
IRBS
Were created in 1974 in federal regulations for research invo…
ETHICAL GUIDELINE
Research subject must be voluntary... All participants in the re…
Research in psychology
Accuracy
Case study
Causation
Ethical
the quality or state of being correct or precise.
a process or record of research in which detailed considerati…
the relationship between cause and effect; causality.
of or relating to moral principles or the branch of knowledge…
Accuracy
the quality or state of being correct or precise.
Case study
a process or record of research in which detailed considerati…
12 terms
Research in psychology
nomothetic understanding
scientific method
hypothesis
case study
a general understanding of nature, causes, and treatments of…
the process of systematically gathering and evaluating inform…
a hunch or prediction that certain variables are related in c…
a detailed account of a person's life and psychological probl…
nomothetic understanding
a general understanding of nature, causes, and treatments of…
scientific method
the process of systematically gathering and evaluating inform…
Research In Psychology
Intuition
Authority
Scientific skepticism
Empiricism
Draws conclusions about the world around us
Persuasion and credibility
ideas must be evaluated on the basis of careful logic and res…
Knowledge is based on observations
Intuition
Draws conclusions about the world around us
Authority
Persuasion and credibility
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