Study sets matching "research methods statistics"
Study sets
Diagrams
Classes
Users
sample
naturalistic observation
case study
survey
a subset of the population
watching behavior in realworld settings without trying to man…
intensive study of a single person, group, incident, or commun…
an informationgathering tool for quantitative data analysis
sample
a subset of the population
naturalistic observation
watching behavior in realworld settings without trying to man…
mean
mode
median
nominal
 the average, very sensitive to the influence of outliers...  d…
the value that appears the most
the middle value
unordered categories (skin colors: black, white, yellow)...  mode
mean
 the average, very sensitive to the influence of outliers...  d…
mode
the value that appears the most
Hindsight bias
hypothesis
replication
case study
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one w…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Repeating the essence of the research, usually with different…
A descriptive technique in which one individual or group is st…
Hindsight bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one w…
hypothesis
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Hindsight bias
hypothesis
replication
case study
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one w…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Repeating the essence of the research, usually with different…
A descriptive technique in which one individual or group is st…
Hindsight bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one w…
hypothesis
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
hypothesis
theory
validity
reliability
a specific, testable proposition about something someone wants…
set of statements that can be used to account for, predict, an…
The extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is sup…
Ability of a test to yield very similar scores for the same in…
hypothesis
a specific, testable proposition about something someone wants…
theory
set of statements that can be used to account for, predict, an…
Define descriptive statistics:
What are the two different scales withi…
What type of data is in the categorical…
What type of data is in the numerical s…
Describes the data
1. Categorical scale... 2. Numerical scale
1. Nominal (e.g. gender)... 2. Report frequency or percent
1. Interval, ratio and ordinal... 2. Report mean and *standard…
Define descriptive statistics:
Describes the data
What are the two different scales withi…
1. Categorical scale... 2. Numerical scale
sample
naturalistic observation
case study
survey
a subset of the population
watching behavior in realworld settings without trying to man…
intensive study of a single person, group, incident, or commun…
an informationgathering tool for quantitative data analysis
sample
a subset of the population
naturalistic observation
watching behavior in realworld settings without trying to man…
Hindsight Bias
Overconfidence
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe that, after learning about an outcome,…
The tendency to overestimate one's own abilities, their explan…
An idea that explains events, organizes facts, and makes predi…
A prediction that when tested will either confirm or reject yo…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe that, after learning about an outcome,…
Overconfidence
The tendency to overestimate one's own abilities, their explan…
Experiment
Naturalistic Observation
Case Study
Correlational Study
Random selection, double blind, and random assignment... Only ty…
Watching people, observations made without interfering with th…
studies one person/group ...  can't apply variables!! ... Pros: in…
relationship between two variables that already exist ... Pros: c…
Experiment
Random selection, double blind, and random assignment... Only ty…
Naturalistic Observation
Watching people, observations made without interfering with th…
structuralism
functionalism
gestalt psychology
phychoanalysis
 focused on the structure or basic elements of the mind...  eve…
 how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work, and play... …
 focus on perception and sensation, particularly of patterns…
theory and therapy based on freud's work: unconcious mind, ps…
structuralism
 focused on the structure or basic elements of the mind...  eve…
functionalism
 how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work, and play... …
Define the population:
Define the sample:
What do you need in order to generalize…
What does it mean to answer your resear…
The entire group of people you're trying to study
The selection from the population that you actually study
The sample must reflect the population
Means we can answer the question based on just the sample
Define the population:
The entire group of people you're trying to study
Define the sample:
The selection from the population that you actually study
Abscissa
Absolute Frequency
Absolute Value (of a Number)
Absolute Zero Point
a) The horizontal axis (or x axis) on a graph. (b) A particula…
The actual number of times a particular value occurs in a "dis…
The value of a number regardless of its sign (positive or nega…
A value on a scale indicating that none of the variable being…
Abscissa
a) The horizontal axis (or x axis) on a graph. (b) A particula…
Absolute Frequency
The actual number of times a particular value occurs in a "dis…
Hindsight Bias
Applied Research
Basic Research
Hypothesis
Tendency upon hearing about research findings (and many other…
Research that psychologists conduct to solve practical proble…
Research that explores questions that are of interest to psyc…
A statement that expresses a relationship between two variabl…
Hindsight Bias
Tendency upon hearing about research findings (and many other…
Applied Research
Research that psychologists conduct to solve practical proble…
frequency distribution
class interval frequency distribution
qualitative variable
bar graph
a table in which all of the scores are listed along with the f…
a table in which the scores are grouped into intervals and lis…
a categorical variable for which each value represents a discr…
a graphical representation of a frequency distribution in whic…
frequency distribution
a table in which all of the scores are listed along with the f…
class interval frequency distribution
a table in which the scores are grouped into intervals and lis…
Sketch a normal distribution and give t…
Three other types of frequency distribu…
Name 4 levels of measurement
What are measures of central tendency u…
 unimodal, bellshaped and symmetrical

nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio
used for summarising large amounts of data, into one typical o…
Sketch a normal distribution and give t…
 unimodal, bellshaped and symmetrical
Three other types of frequency distribu…

Cluster Sampling
This is an extension of Classical Test…
Criterion Contamination
Null hypothesis posits this
Randomly selecting a naturally occurring group of participants…
Generalizability Theory
Occurs when a rater knows how a ratee did on a predictor test,…
No effect in the population. For example, in a study examining…
Cluster Sampling
Randomly selecting a naturally occurring group of participants…
This is an extension of Classical Test…
Generalizability Theory
mean
mode
median
nominal
 the average, very sensitive to the influence of outliers...  d…
the value that appears the most
the middle value
unordered categories (skin colors: black, white, yellow)...  mode
mean
 the average, very sensitive to the influence of outliers...  d…
mode
the value that appears the most
sample
naturalistic observation
case study
survey
a subset of the population
watching behavior in realworld settings without trying to man…
intensive study of a single person, group, incident, or commun…
an informationgathering tool for quantitative data analysis
sample
a subset of the population
naturalistic observation
watching behavior in realworld settings without trying to man…
What is data analysis?
What is qualitative data?
What is quantitative data?
What are the strengths of qualitative d…
Turning of data into information
Data that is expressed in words, like descriptions
Data that is expressed numerically, which usually scores or me…
It offers richness and detail, as participants have more lice…
What is data analysis?
Turning of data into information
What is qualitative data?
Data that is expressed in words, like descriptions
Statistic
operational definition
independent variable
extraneous variable
A numerical measurement describing some characteristic of a sa…
Precise description of how exact procedures used to measure so…
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whos…
In an experiment, a variable other than the IV that might caus…
Statistic
A numerical measurement describing some characteristic of a sa…
operational definition
Precise description of how exact procedures used to measure so…
sample
naturalistic observation
case study
survey
a subset of the population
watching behavior in realworld settings without trying to man…
intensive study of a single person, group, incident, or commun…
an informationgathering tool for quantitative data analysis
sample
a subset of the population
naturalistic observation
watching behavior in realworld settings without trying to man…
measure of central tendency: purpose
3 measures of central tendency
mean
median
provide 1 # that describes a large set of data
mean... median... mode
average of a set of numbers... ∑ = sum... x = individual score... N = t…
middle score in a data set that divides the data set in half s…
measure of central tendency: purpose
provide 1 # that describes a large set of data
3 measures of central tendency
mean... median... mode
Hindsight bias
Critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one w…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusion…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that orga…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Hindsight bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one w…
Critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusion…