Study sets matching "resp"

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Study sets matching "resp"

70 terms
resp
what are the main organs of the respir…
what are the 2 divisions of the resp s…
upper resp system
2 divisions of resp system
nose, mouth, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
upper & lower
nose, mouth, pharynx, larynx
conduction division, respiratory division
what are the main organs of the respir…
nose, mouth, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
what are the 2 divisions of the resp s…
upper & lower
58 terms
resp
hyoid bone
thyroid cartilage
cricoid cartilage
trachea
hyoid bone
thyroid cartilage
9 terms
Resp
Seizure Pt
Diazapam given with decrease chest ris…
Lung Tissue
Upper Airway
Disordered Control of breathing
Reposition and BVM
Crackles
Inspritory wheeze with increase effort and stridor
Seizure Pt
Disordered Control of breathing
Diazapam given with decrease chest ris…
Reposition and BVM
123 terms
Resp
Right lung
Prostaglandins
Total lung capacity
Vital capacity
Foreign bodies more likely
Vasodilate lungs
RC + IC
Tidal volume + inspiratory reserve volume + expiratory reserv…
Right lung
Foreign bodies more likely
Prostaglandins
Vasodilate lungs
23 terms
Resp
Most common subtype of lung cancer?
Lung cancer with short and plump micro…
What neuro symptoms is aspiration link…
What cell types mediate abscess format…
Adenocarcinoma
Adenocarcinoma
Seizures and other loss of consciousness/dysphagia
Neutrophils and macrophages
Most common subtype of lung cancer?
Adenocarcinoma
Lung cancer with short and plump micro…
Adenocarcinoma
31 terms
Resp
COPD
Chronic Bronchitis
emphysema
Asthma
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary dx... two types ... Chronic Bronchi…
age: 40-50 ... findin: productive cough ... blood gas: hypoxemia hy…
age: 50-75... finding: dyspnea... blood gas: normal o2 decreased CO…
acute inflammation
COPD
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary dx... two types ... Chronic Bronchi…
Chronic Bronchitis
age: 40-50 ... findin: productive cough ... blood gas: hypoxemia hy…
142 terms
Resp
P I O2
P A O2
P A CO2
P (A-a)
150 theoratical
100
40
8-16
P I O2
150 theoratical
P A O2
100
resp
asphyxiation
atelectasis
bronchitis
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
O2 deprivation or suffocation
is a condition characterized by collapsed and airless lungs.
is the inflammation of one or more bronchi and may include th…
is a pulmonary disorder characterized by airway obstruction c…
asphyxiation
O2 deprivation or suffocation
atelectasis
is a condition characterized by collapsed and airless lungs.
10 terms
Resp
A client is being prepared for a thora…
The nurse is providing endotracheal su…
The nurse is assisting with monitoring…
The nurse is assigned to assist with c…
Lying in bed on the unaffected side, with the head of the bed…
Discontinue suctioning until the client is stabilized and mon…
50 mL of drainage in the drainage-collection chamber... The dra…
Continue to monitor, because this is an expected finding.
A client is being prepared for a thora…
Lying in bed on the unaffected side, with the head of the bed…
The nurse is providing endotracheal su…
Discontinue suctioning until the client is stabilized and mon…
Resp
Normal SaO2
Not normal but safe SaO2
Dangerous SaO2
Normal PaO2
97-100%
>90%
<90%
~100 mmHg
Normal SaO2
97-100%
Not normal but safe SaO2
>90%
31 terms
resp
oropharynx
paransan sinus
mediastinum space
windpip/trachea
part of throat behind the mouth
frontal max ethmoidal spheroid
between the lungs
carnia inti right and left broncholis
oropharynx
part of throat behind the mouth
paransan sinus
frontal max ethmoidal spheroid
33 terms
resp
tuberculosis mask
tuberculosis caused by
pathophysiology of tuberculosis
tuberculosis s&s
n95
inhaling mycobacterium tuberculosis (has wax-like cell wall -…
cavities develop that are filled with infectious material tha…
night sweats hemoptysis cough fatigue anorexia
tuberculosis mask
n95
tuberculosis caused by
inhaling mycobacterium tuberculosis (has wax-like cell wall -…
31 terms
Resp
Strep Throat: Organism
Strep Throat: Symptoms
Strep Throat: Pathogenesis (6!)
Streptolysin O
Strep. pyrogenes; G+ chains. Causes hemolysis
Sore throat; red with patches of pus or blood
1. M protein adhesin prevent infection/opsonization... 2. Prote…
Yields B-hemolysis in pyrogenes
Strep Throat: Organism
Strep. pyrogenes; G+ chains. Causes hemolysis
Strep Throat: Symptoms
Sore throat; red with patches of pus or blood
8 terms
resp
prednisolone (Veripred):
lidocaine (LMX)
lidocaine/prilocaine (Emla)
sucrose 24% (Toot Sweet)
po 1-2 mg/kg/day every 12 to 24 hours... (usually x 5 days for…
4% topically once prn
2.5%-2.5% topically once prn
po, 1-2 mL as needed, for infants < 6 mo ... Products: 2 mL cup
prednisolone (Veripred):
po 1-2 mg/kg/day every 12 to 24 hours... (usually x 5 days for…
lidocaine (LMX)
4% topically once prn
resp
Respiration
Atmosphere
Asthma
Nose
Inhalation and exhalation of air.... Exchange of gases (oxygen a…
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
A chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of seve…
Nasal. Passageway for air
Respiration
Inhalation and exhalation of air.... Exchange of gases (oxygen a…
Atmosphere
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
13 terms
Resp
Iron def anemia
Anion gap
Hyperventilation
PC02
Occult blood loss in old person = microcytic iron def anemia…
First check if pH is acidiotic or alkalic, then if PCo2 is <4…
cause hypocapnia, alkalosis, increased cerebral resistance, a…
is inversely proportional to alveolar ventilation meaning tha…
Iron def anemia
Occult blood loss in old person = microcytic iron def anemia…
Anion gap
First check if pH is acidiotic or alkalic, then if PCo2 is <4…
102 terms
Resp
A client with an oral endotracheal tub…
The nurse is caring for a client who i…
The nurse is reviewing the arterial bl…
The low-exhaled volume (low-pressure)…
Lorazepam (Ativan)
Opening of small airways that contain fluid
pH of 7.48, Pco2 of 40 mm Hg, HCO3- of 36 mEq/L
Ventilate the client with a resuscitation bag
A client with an oral endotracheal tub…
Lorazepam (Ativan)
The nurse is caring for a client who i…
Opening of small airways that contain fluid
172 terms
Resp
Functions of Respiratory System (5)
Nose
External Nose
Nasal Cavity Openings
1. Regulation of blood pH... 2. production of chemical mediators…
-made up of external nose and the nasal cavity
-primarily hyaline cartilage... -bridge supported by nasal bones…
1. Nares- open to outside world... 2. Choanae- open to the phar…
Functions of Respiratory System (5)
1. Regulation of blood pH... 2. production of chemical mediators…
Nose
-made up of external nose and the nasal cavity
98 terms
Resp
Embryonic (weeks 4-7)
Pseudoglandular (weeks 5-16)
Canalicular (weeks 16-26)
Saccular (weeks 26-birth)
Lung bud -> trachea -> mainstem bronchi -> secondary (lobar)…
Endodermal tubules -> terminal bronchioles. Surrounded by mod…
Terminal bronchioles -> respiratory bronchioles -> alveolar d…
Alveolar ducts -> terminal sacs. Terminal sacs separated by 1…
Embryonic (weeks 4-7)
Lung bud -> trachea -> mainstem bronchi -> secondary (lobar)…
Pseudoglandular (weeks 5-16)
Endodermal tubules -> terminal bronchioles. Surrounded by mod…
14 terms
Resp
Albuterol
Albuterol Sulfate
Beclomethasone
Budesonide
Proair, Proventil... Bronchospasm: 2 puffs q4-6h PRN... Neb 2.5 mg…
Proventil, Ventolin... Bronchospasm: 2 puffs q4-6h PRN... EIB: 2 pu…
Qvar... Asthma: 40-320 mcg BID
Rhinocort... Rhinitis: 32 mcg/spray in each nostril (max 256 mcg…
Albuterol
Proair, Proventil... Bronchospasm: 2 puffs q4-6h PRN... Neb 2.5 mg…
Albuterol Sulfate
Proventil, Ventolin... Bronchospasm: 2 puffs q4-6h PRN... EIB: 2 pu…
Resp
A client is being prepared for a thora…
A nurse is providing endotracheal suct…
A nurse is assigned to assist with car…
A nurse is assigned to assist the heal…
Lying in bed on the unaffected side with the head of the bed…
Discontinue suctioning until the client is stabilized and mon…
Continue to monitor, because this is an expected finding.
Perform Valsalva's maneuver
A client is being prepared for a thora…
Lying in bed on the unaffected side with the head of the bed…
A nurse is providing endotracheal suct…
Discontinue suctioning until the client is stabilized and mon…
8 terms
Resp
special about FRC
P50 for Hemoglboin
fat emboli. clin?
Asbestosis histo? predispose...
1) AW P=Alv P=0... 2) intraple P= (-)= -5... 3) minimum TPR
~26mmHg
1) hypoxia... 2) neurolog abn... 3) petchiae rash (fat coated by pl…
calcification supradiaph+pleural plaque... bronchogenic>mesothe…
special about FRC
1) AW P=Alv P=0... 2) intraple P= (-)= -5... 3) minimum TPR
P50 for Hemoglboin
~26mmHg
15 terms
Resp
Vd
Alv ventilation
Minute ventilation
CN poison
gets to alveoli
enter lungs
nitrites (make methGb)... then thiosulfate -> renal excrete thioCN
Vd
Alv ventilation
gets to alveoli
47 terms
Resp
The bronchi, larynx, trachea, and lungs
upper respiratory tract
The paranasal sinuses include the
auditory tubes
are part of the lower respiratory tract
consists of the nose, mouth, pharynx, epiglottis, larynx, and…
ethmoidal, frontal, maxillary, and sphenoid sinuses.
open directly into the nasopharynx
The bronchi, larynx, trachea, and lungs
are part of the lower respiratory tract
upper respiratory tract
consists of the nose, mouth, pharynx, epiglottis, larynx, and…
Resp
nose
external naris
vestibule
nasal cavity
nose
external naris
399 terms
resp
Anaemia
Haemolysis
Haemoglobinemia
Haemoglobinuria
decreased erythrocyte mass.... - decreased Hct/PCV.... - decreased…
erythrocyte lysis/destruction.
free haemoglobin in plasma.
free haemoglobin in urine.
Anaemia
decreased erythrocyte mass.... - decreased Hct/PCV.... - decreased…
Haemolysis
erythrocyte lysis/destruction.
31 terms
resp
epiglottis
laryngopharynx
submandibular gland
sublingual gland
epiglottis
laryngopharynx
44 terms
resp
transmission
seasonal variation
upper resp
lower resp
> pop density = more prob
cold climate-winter; hot cliate-summer
nasal, oral, pharynx,laryns,epiglottis
lungs,bronchi,trachea
transmission
> pop density = more prob
seasonal variation
cold climate-winter; hot cliate-summer
Resp
Coarse crackles
Fine crackles
Wheezing
Strider
Clears with cough; fluid in the airway
Doesn't clear with cough; alveoli (atelectisis)
Air passing through small, tight airway
Tumour or mass in the lung, seal sound
Coarse crackles
Clears with cough; fluid in the airway
Fine crackles
Doesn't clear with cough; alveoli (atelectisis)
Resp
Vesicular sounds
Bronchovesicular sound
Bronchial sound
Resonance
Relatively soft low pitch, gentle, and restless sounds. Heard…
Medium pitch and intensity and our anteriorly over the mainst…
Lower and higher pitched and resemble air blowing through a h…
Low pitch sound heard over normal lungs
Vesicular sounds
Relatively soft low pitch, gentle, and restless sounds. Heard…
Bronchovesicular sound
Medium pitch and intensity and our anteriorly over the mainst…
Resp
External
Internal
Respiratory
Inspiration
Moves gas from outside the body to the lungs and moves gases…
Gas exchange between the blood and tissues
Gas exchange and surfactant ... Respiratory bronchioles and alve…
Active process... Requires diaphragm, external intercostals... Duri…
External
Moves gas from outside the body to the lungs and moves gases…
Internal
Gas exchange between the blood and tissues
5 terms
resp
Advair
Symbicort
Proair
Spiriva
BID
2 inhalations BID
QID
1 inhalation daily
Advair
BID
Symbicort
2 inhalations BID
Resp
Snoring
Gurgling
Stridor
Tachycardia
Mostly tongue obstructing
Liquid blocking airway
High pitched sound during inspiration
Rapid heartbeat
Snoring
Mostly tongue obstructing
Gurgling
Liquid blocking airway
Missed
info
will
later
this
but
add
cool
Missed
this
info
but
resp
upper airway differences
lower airway differences
lung anatomy
retractions
trachea shorter and narrower; greater potential for obstructi…
8 years= aveoli start increasing in size and complexity... child…
http://www.aboutcancer.com/lung_anatomy_nci_407.jpg
suprasternal= above sternum (middle)... supraclavicular= above c…
upper airway differences
trachea shorter and narrower; greater potential for obstructi…
lower airway differences
8 years= aveoli start increasing in size and complexity... child…
Heart and Diaphragm contact
Cranioventral
Caudoventral
Diffuse
Animal is exhaling
Pneumonia... Hemorrhage... Neoplasia
Cardiogenic... Non-cardiogenic
Any of 5
Heart and Diaphragm contact
Animal is exhaling
Cranioventral
Pneumonia... Hemorrhage... Neoplasia
resp
• Physical signs of respiratory distre…
• Most common causes of respiratory ar…
• Common life-threatening causes of ac…
• HEENT life-threatening causes of acu…
• Anxiety and restlessness... • Flaring of nostrils... • Use of nec…
• Acute coronary syndrome, cardiac arrest... • Acute heart failu…
• Arrhythmias... • Pericardial tamponade... • Pulmonary embolism... •…
• Angioedema ... • Anaphylaxis ... • Pharyngeal infx ... • Deep neck i…
• Physical signs of respiratory distre…
• Anxiety and restlessness... • Flaring of nostrils... • Use of nec…
• Most common causes of respiratory ar…
• Acute coronary syndrome, cardiac arrest... • Acute heart failu…
Resp
soft, low-pitched rustling sounds loca…
They are loud on inspiration and soft…
Most predominant breath sound
If __________ sounds are decreased ove…
Vesicular Breath Sounds
Vesicular Breath Sounds
Vesicular Breath Sounds
Vesicular Breath (4)
soft, low-pitched rustling sounds loca…
Vesicular Breath Sounds
They are loud on inspiration and soft…
Vesicular Breath Sounds
17 terms
Resp
Walking pneumonia
Cystic fibrosis
Influenza
Tuberculosis
Mycoplasma infection ... Mycoplasma: bacteria lacking cell wall…
Hereditary. Gene mutation. Thick mucus accumulates in lungs c…
Caused by RNA virus. In Coronavirus group
Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Lesions on lung tissue
Walking pneumonia
Mycoplasma infection ... Mycoplasma: bacteria lacking cell wall…
Cystic fibrosis
Hereditary. Gene mutation. Thick mucus accumulates in lungs c…
12 terms
Resp
Respiratory center
Stimulates the respiratory system
Acute bronchitis
S&S bronchitis
Medulla
Changes in the levels of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the art…
Upper respiratory infection involving the trachea
Fever headache sore throat nausea vomiting
Respiratory center
Medulla
Stimulates the respiratory system
Changes in the levels of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the art…
82 terms
resp
basic resp system functions
Respiratory tract
Conducting portion (zone)
Respiratory portion (zone)
gas exchange from air n blood... communication sounds... protection
Passageways carry air to and from exchange surfaces of the lung
Cleanse, humidify and warm incoming air... nasal cavity that goe…
site of gas exchange... delicate bronchioles and alveoli
basic resp system functions
gas exchange from air n blood... communication sounds... protection
Respiratory tract
Passageways carry air to and from exchange surfaces of the lung
30 terms
resp
PFT
CF
Laryngostenosis
Coryza
procedure used to access volume & air flow rate of the lungs
a genetic disorder
narrowing or stricture of voice box
a head cold
PFT
procedure used to access volume & air flow rate of the lungs
CF
a genetic disorder
12 terms
Resp
Tidal volume
Inspiratory reserve volume
Expiratory reserve volume
Residual volume
Volume move in/out of lungs during resp cycle
Volume inhaled during forced breathing + tidal volume
Volume exhaled during forced breathing + tidal volume
Volume that remains in lungs at all times
Tidal volume
Volume move in/out of lungs during resp cycle
Inspiratory reserve volume
Volume inhaled during forced breathing + tidal volume
73 terms
RESP
Acute Resp Failure
Normal CO2
Normal O2
Atelectasis
O2 dangerously low... CO2 dangerously high... respiratory acidosis,…
35-45
80-100
Incomplete alveolar expansion or collapse of alveoli. Alveoli…
Acute Resp Failure
O2 dangerously low... CO2 dangerously high... respiratory acidosis,…
Normal CO2
35-45
Resp
COPD diagnosis and classification (GOLD)
COPD Management
COPD O2 indications
COPD Exacerbation Dx
Dx: FEV1/FVC<0.7 without sig bronchodilator response... GOLD 1…
1. Smoking cessation... 2. Influenze and pneumococcal vaccine... 3.…
PaO2<55 or SaO2<90 during rest exercise or sleep
2 of: increased dispense, increased sputum volume, increased…
COPD diagnosis and classification (GOLD)
Dx: FEV1/FVC<0.7 without sig bronchodilator response... GOLD 1…
COPD Management
1. Smoking cessation... 2. Influenze and pneumococcal vaccine... 3.…
12 terms
Resp
dysphnea
orthopnea
apnea
wheezing
difficult or labored breathin
is shortness of breath that occurs when lying flat, causing t…
breathing repeatedly stops and starts
high-pitched whistling sound made while breathing
dysphnea
difficult or labored breathin
orthopnea
is shortness of breath that occurs when lying flat, causing t…
13 terms
Resp
Air that can still be breathed in afte…
air that moves into lung with each qui…
air that can still be breathed out aft…
air in lung after maximal expiration t…
inspiratory reserve volume
tidal volume
expiratory reserve volume
residual volume
Air that can still be breathed in afte…
inspiratory reserve volume
air that moves into lung with each qui…
tidal volume
15 terms
Resp
Respiration
Organs of Respiratory System
General Aspects of Respiratory System
Airflow in Lungs
Ventilation of lungs (breathing). Exchange of gases between a…
Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
Airflow in lungs, Conducting division, Respiratory division,…
bronchi-->bronchioles-->alveoli
Respiration
Ventilation of lungs (breathing). Exchange of gases between a…
Organs of Respiratory System
Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
reduced airflow rates; lung vol within…
reduced vol and expiratory flow rates.…
A disease of the lower resp tract that…
FNP only monitor Intermittent & Mild P…
Obstructive Disease
Restrictive Disease
Bronchiolitis
Asthma
reduced airflow rates; lung vol within…
Obstructive Disease
reduced vol and expiratory flow rates.…
Restrictive Disease
358 terms
RESP
How have tuition fee increases compare…
What does the government estimate that…
While most parents hope their children…
What percentage of new jobs in Canada…
Tuition fees have been rising faster than the inflation rate.
$123,000
50%
Two-thirds
How have tuition fee increases compare…
Tuition fees have been rising faster than the inflation rate.
What does the government estimate that…
$123,000
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