Study sets matching "respiration cellular respiration biology 20"

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Study sets matching "respiration cellular respiration biology 20"

Biology 20 - Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Kreb's Cycle
Electron Transport Chain
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
A chemical cycle that completes the metabolic breakdown of gl…
A sequence of electron carrier molecules (membrane proteins)…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Glycolysis
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
14 terms
Biology 20 - Cellular Respiration
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP)
Phosphorylation
Electron Transport System
A form of energy that can be used by living by living cells;…
A lower form of chemical potential energy than ATP
The addition of one/more phosphate groups to a molecule
A system composed of progressively stronger electron acceptor…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
A form of energy that can be used by living by living cells;…
Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP)
A lower form of chemical potential energy than ATP
33 terms
Alberta Biology 20 - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis converts 1 glucose molecule…
Glycolysis is a process that converts…
How many carbon molecules are in gluco…
What is chemical compound for glucose?
2
glucose
6
C6 H12 O6
Glycolysis converts 1 glucose molecule…
2
Glycolysis is a process that converts…
glucose
15 terms
Biology 20 - Photosynthesis/Cellular Respiration
Organic Molecule
Non-Organic Molecule
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Any compound which contains both elements carbon and hydrogen…
Any compound which does not contain both carbon and hydrogen.…
An organism that synthesizes its own food from inorganic mole…
An organism that is not self-feeding, and either eats or deco…
Organic Molecule
Any compound which contains both elements carbon and hydrogen…
Non-Organic Molecule
Any compound which does not contain both carbon and hydrogen.…
33 terms
Alberta Biology 20 - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis converts 1 glucose molecule…
Glycolysis is a process that converts…
How many carbon molecules are in gluco…
What is chemical compound for glucose?
2
glucose
6
C6 H12 O6
Glycolysis converts 1 glucose molecule…
2
Glycolysis is a process that converts…
glucose
35 terms
Biology 20 - Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Exergonic Reactions (Exothermic)
Endergonic Reactions (Endothermic)
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP)
Chemical reactions that release energy; products have less en…
Chemical reactions that must be supplied with energy; product…
A form of energy that can be used by living by living cells;…
A lower form of chemical potential energy than ATP
Exergonic Reactions (Exothermic)
Chemical reactions that release energy; products have less en…
Endergonic Reactions (Endothermic)
Chemical reactions that must be supplied with energy; product…
Biology: Cellular Respiration - Respiration
breathing, O2 and CO2 exchange
extraction of energy from organic mole…
carbohydrates or lipids and proteins
glucose
what is respiration on the gross level?
what is respiration on the cellular level?
what is the fuel for cellular respiration?
what form must carbohydrates be in order to enter the cell?
breathing, O2 and CO2 exchange
what is respiration on the gross level?
extraction of energy from organic mole…
what is respiration on the cellular level?
18 terms
Biology Honors: Cellular Respiration
Describe the development that led to t…
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Differentiate between eukaryotic cells…
Describe the structure of the cell mem…
...
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
...
...
Describe the development that led to t…
...
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
21 terms
Biology Cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Cytoplasm
Glycolysis
Glucose is broken down to pyruvic acid... 1 molecule of glucose…
A pathway in which glucose is oxidized to pyruvic acid
This is where glycolysis happens
This is the first stage of cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Glucose is broken down to pyruvic acid... 1 molecule of glucose…
Glycolysis
A pathway in which glucose is oxidized to pyruvic acid
24 terms
AP Biology Cellular respiration
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Cellular Repsiration
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
-process of using substances other than oxygen as reactants t…
-process for animal to breathe oxygen; aerobic + anaerobic... -C…
Fermentation
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
Aerobic Respiration
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
51 terms
Honors Biology - Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration - describe the pr…
What kind of energy is released?
With O2 present in the cell....
Without O2 present in the cell....
This is the process of RELEASING ENERGY contained in organic…
mainly GLUCOSE, to do work. This is an example of catabolism.
cellular respiration can occur in the mitochondria
fermentation will occur in the cytoplasm of the cell
Cellular Respiration - describe the pr…
This is the process of RELEASING ENERGY contained in organic…
What kind of energy is released?
mainly GLUCOSE, to do work. This is an example of catabolism.
27 terms
Biology: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
What is the method of converting sun e…
Self feeders, organisms capable of mak…
Specialized structures inside plant ce…
light absorbing pigment molecules
photosynthesis
Autotrophs
chloroplasts
chloroplasts
What is the method of converting sun e…
photosynthesis
Self feeders, organisms capable of mak…
Autotrophs
8 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration - Cellular Respiration
What do you need for cellular respirat…
What are the 3 stages of cellular resp…
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Oxygen
- Glycolysis ... - Krebs Cycle... - Electron Transport Chain
- in the cytoplasm ... - no oxygen required ... - sugar is breaking
- in the mitochondria... - required oxygen (aerobic)... - turns int…
What do you need for cellular respirat…
Oxygen
What are the 3 stages of cellular resp…
- Glycolysis ... - Krebs Cycle... - Electron Transport Chain
45 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
8 terms
BIOLOGY: Cellular Respiration Quiz
c
a
b
b
Glycolysis is a definite sequence of ten reactions involving…
The movement of electrons across the electron transport chain…
1. Glycolysis ... 2. Krebs Cycle ... 3. Fermentation ... During which…
Which of the following produces the most ATP per mole of gluc…
c
Glycolysis is a definite sequence of ten reactions involving…
a
The movement of electrons across the electron transport chain…
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
17 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration
calorie
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
Energy unit that equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
Unit used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
calorie
Energy unit that equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
Calorie
Unit used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
DHS Biology Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
mitochondria
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
Respiration that requires oxygen. The Kreb's cycle.
The process of releasing energy from food without the use of…
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
cellular respiration
A complex set of chemical reactions involving an energy trans…
aerobic respiration
Respiration that requires oxygen. The Kreb's cycle.
20 terms
Bio 20: Cellular Respiration
NADH
FADH2
Aerobic Cellular resparation
Anaerobic Cellular Resparation
An electron carrier, DONATES Electrons in cellular processes,…
An electron carrier, DONATES Electrons in cellular processes,…
The set of reations that takes place in the cell in the prese…
The set of reactions that takes place in the cell in the absc…
NADH
An electron carrier, DONATES Electrons in cellular processes,…
FADH2
An electron carrier, DONATES Electrons in cellular processes,…
44 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration includes what two…
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
2nd step in Aerobic Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
Biology - Cellular Respiration - Cellular Respiration
What do you need for cellular respirat…
What are the 3 stages of cellular resp…
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Oxygen
- Glycolysis ... - Krebs Cycle... - Electron Transport Chain
- in the cytoplasm ... - no oxygen required ... - sugar is breaking
- in the mitochondria... - required oxygen (aerobic)... - turns int…
What do you need for cellular respirat…
Oxygen
What are the 3 stages of cellular resp…
- Glycolysis ... - Krebs Cycle... - Electron Transport Chain
73 terms
Bio 20: Cellular Respiration
Provide an immediate source of energy,…
Starch, Sugar, Glycogen
Glucose Bonds
Synthesize ATP Molecules
Actions molecules must perform in order to meet the energy de…
Three forms of carbohydrates
Cellular respiration releases energy that is stored in ______…
The energy released from glucose bonds during cellular respir…
Provide an immediate source of energy,…
Actions molecules must perform in order to meet the energy de…
Starch, Sugar, Glycogen
Three forms of carbohydrates
84 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
44 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
2nd step in Aerobic Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
52 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
2 pyruvate are converted into 2 Acetyl…
Kreb's Cycle
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
After Glycolysis,
The Second Step of Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
28 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
autotroph
anaerobic
aerobic
chloroplast
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
process that does not require oxygen
process that requires oxygen
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms t…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
2 pyruvate are converted into 2 Acetyl…
Kreb's Cycle
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
After Glycolysis,
The Second Step of Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
What are the building blocks of ATP?
What causes ATP to be an unstable mole…
Once ATP forms how long does it last?
What is the formula for the Hydrolysis…
Adenosine Triphosphate. (3 phosphate groups, ribose, and aden…
The negatively charged phosphate groups. the phosphate groups…
A short period of time.
ATP + Water -> ADP + PO4 + Energy
What are the building blocks of ATP?
Adenosine Triphosphate. (3 phosphate groups, ribose, and aden…
What causes ATP to be an unstable mole…
The negatively charged phosphate groups. the phosphate groups…
45 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
32 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
equation for cellular respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
oxygen + glucose ---> carbon dioxide + water + energy
Electron carrier involved in glycolysis.
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Biology 5B Cellular Respiration
PYRUVIC ACID
CELLULAR RESPIRATION
GLYCOLYSIS
NADH
A THREE CARBON COMPOUND THAT IS PRODUCED IN GLYCOLYSIS
COMPLEX PROCESS IN WHICH CELLS MAKE ATP ENERGY THAT CAN BE US…
1ST STEP IN CELLULAR RESPIRATION... "SPLITTING GLUCOSE"
ELECTRON CARRIER MOLECULE MADE IN GLYCOLYSIS
PYRUVIC ACID
A THREE CARBON COMPOUND THAT IS PRODUCED IN GLYCOLYSIS
CELLULAR RESPIRATION
COMPLEX PROCESS IN WHICH CELLS MAKE ATP ENERGY THAT CAN BE US…
23 terms
Biology 101 Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
ATP Generation
Oxidation and Reduction reactions
Redox reactions
The purpose of ________ is to synthesize ATP
Is an endergonic process.... ADP+PO4 -> ATP ΔG= +7.3 Kcal/mol... Re…
Electrons ARE chemical energy!... In Oxidation reactions, electr…
For every oxidation there must be a reduction: if something l…
Cellular Respiration
The purpose of ________ is to synthesize ATP
ATP Generation
Is an endergonic process.... ADP+PO4 -> ATP ΔG= +7.3 Kcal/mol... Re…
Cellular Respiration AP Biology
Glycolysis
Where Glycolysis occurs
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Breakdown of glucose into pyruvate
In the cytosol
Cellular Respiration in the presence of oxygen
Cellular Respiration in the absence of oxygen
Glycolysis
Breakdown of glucose into pyruvate
Where Glycolysis occurs
In the cytosol
Biology: Cellular Respiration
calorie
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
the approximate amount of energy needed to raise the temperat…
approximately the amount of energy needed to raise the temper…
the process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in hal…
the process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and…
calorie
the approximate amount of energy needed to raise the temperat…
Calorie
approximately the amount of energy needed to raise the temper…
17 terms
Biology (Webster): Cellular Respiration
NADH
Oxaloacetic acid
Krebs cycle
Aerobic respiration
Similar to NAD+, this molecule accepts electrons during the K…
A 4-cabon compound that combines with acetyl CoA to produce c…
A biochemical pathway that breaks down acetyl CoA, producing…
Process by which pyruvate is broken down and NADH is used to…
NADH
Similar to NAD+, this molecule accepts electrons during the K…
Oxaloacetic acid
A 4-cabon compound that combines with acetyl CoA to produce c…
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
9 terms
SRHS Biology- Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
15 terms
Biology Review Cellular Respiration
What is the equation for cellular resp…
Which types of cells would tend to hav…
What is the currency for energy for al…
Write the general chemical formula for…
(reactants) Glucose plus six oxygen ----> (products) six carb…
Muscle cells because muscle cells require and use more nergy.…
ATP
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 ---- 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP... (glucose) (oxygen) (c…
What is the equation for cellular resp…
(reactants) Glucose plus six oxygen ----> (products) six carb…
Which types of cells would tend to hav…
Muscle cells because muscle cells require and use more nergy.…
Biology: Cellular Respiration - Anaerobic Respiration
provides energy for organisms in an O2…
muscle cells, bacteria, yeast
fermentation, lactic acid fermentation…
inefficient, sugars
what is the purpose of anaerobic respiration?
what types of cells experience anaerobic respiration?
what are the 3 types of anaerobic respiration?
fermentation -- an _____________ form of anaerobic respiratio…
provides energy for organisms in an O2…
what is the purpose of anaerobic respiration?
muscle cells, bacteria, yeast
what types of cells experience anaerobic respiration?
31 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
Where does glycolysis occur in the cell?
What are the reactants for glycolysis?…
How much NET ATP is created during gly…
Define anaerobic and aerobic?
Cytoplasm
glucose+2ATP(ATP provides energy)----2 Pyruvic acid(3 carbons…
2
Aerobic requires oxygen to occur.... Anaerobic occurs without an…
Where does glycolysis occur in the cell?
Cytoplasm
What are the reactants for glycolysis?…
glucose+2ATP(ATP provides energy)----2 Pyruvic acid(3 carbons…
16 terms
Biology 20: Unit 1 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Nucleus
Mitochondrion
Chloroplast
Active Transport
The control center of a cell that holds the DNA
The powerhouse of the cell, cellular respiration happens in t…
An organelle found only in plant cells that performs photosyn…
The transport of particles through the phospholipid bilayer o…
Nucleus
The control center of a cell that holds the DNA
Mitochondrion
The powerhouse of the cell, cellular respiration happens in t…
23 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
cellular respiration
phosphorylation
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
∙a phosphate group andd* its associated energy are *transferr…
∙a phosphate group is added to ADP to form ATP... ∙energy for th…
cellular respiration
∙the process of extracting energy from those carbohydrates, p…
phosphorylation
The process of adding energy and an inorganic phosphate to AD…
Biology: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
mitochondria
glucose
bonds of glucose are broken apart in c…
making ATP or given off as heat
Where does cellular respiration occur?
What is the cell's primary source of energy?
How does the cell get energy?
What is energy released from glucose used for?
mitochondria
Where does cellular respiration occur?
glucose
What is the cell's primary source of energy?
13 terms
Biology 20-1: Cellular Respiration Terminology
Anaerobic Metabolism
Aerobic Metabolism
Phosphorylation
Oxidation
The absence of oxygen at the end of a metabolic pathway.
The presence of oxygen at the end of a complete metabolic pat…
The process of adding phosphate to a molecule.
The release of energy when a compound loses electrons.
Anaerobic Metabolism
The absence of oxygen at the end of a metabolic pathway.
Aerobic Metabolism
The presence of oxygen at the end of a complete metabolic pat…
22 terms
Biology 20: Unit 1 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Thylakoid Membrane
Grana
Stroma
Conversion of light/solar energy into chemical energy
The interior of the chloroplast is filled with specialized me…
A stack of specialized membranes
A gel-like substance that surrounds thylakoid membranes
Photosynthesis
Conversion of light/solar energy into chemical energy
Thylakoid Membrane
The interior of the chloroplast is filled with specialized me…
Biology, Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration
What is the purpose of ATP?
What makes ATP?
T/F Heterotrophs make their own food.
T/F Autotrophs make their own food.
Fuel for cell
Adenine (nitrogen based molecule attached to a ribose sugar r…
False
True
What is the purpose of ATP?
Fuel for cell
What makes ATP?
Adenine (nitrogen based molecule attached to a ribose sugar r…
Biology Basics: Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Production of 38 ATP Molecules
3 Steps of Cellular Respiratoin
Glycolosis
Process of breaking down chemical nutrients into energy that…
Occurs for every molecule of glucose that is processed
1.Glycolosis 2.Krebs Cycle 3.Electron Transport Chain
1st step of cellular process... Anaerobic process.... Breaking down…
Cellular Respiration
Process of breaking down chemical nutrients into energy that…
Production of 38 ATP Molecules
Occurs for every molecule of glucose that is processed
51 terms
Honors Biology - Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration - describe the pr…
What kind of energy is released?
With O2 present in the cell....
Without O2 present in the cell....
This is the process of RELEASING ENERGY contained in organic…
mainly GLUCOSE, to do work. This is an example of catabolism.
cellular respiration can occur in the mitochondria
fermentation will occur in the cytoplasm of the cell
Cellular Respiration - describe the pr…
This is the process of RELEASING ENERGY contained in organic…
What kind of energy is released?
mainly GLUCOSE, to do work. This is an example of catabolism.
BIOLOGY 20 AP - PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND CELLULAR RESPIRATION
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Summary equation for Photosynthesis
What are the layers of a leaf in order…
A series of chemical reactions that occur in a specific order.
A series of metabolic reactions that release O2, and use CO2
6CO2+12H2O = C6H12O6 + H2O
1. Waxy layer ... 2. Upper epidermal layer ... 3. Palisade ... 4. Spon…
Metabolism
A series of chemical reactions that occur in a specific order.
Photosynthesis
A series of metabolic reactions that release O2, and use CO2
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