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Study sets matching "respiratory care"

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Study sets matching "respiratory care"

17 terms
Respiratory Care
Aerosol Therapy
Arterial Blood gases
Bronchodilators
Electrocardiogram
provides medication and/or additional humidity to airways. ... -…
blood drawn from artery (usually radial artery) to assess the…
Open up the airway. ... -Used when the airways become constricte…
recording the electrical activity of the heart
Aerosol Therapy
provides medication and/or additional humidity to airways. ... -…
Arterial Blood gases
blood drawn from artery (usually radial artery) to assess the…
64 terms
Respiratory care
minute ventilation (definition, equati…
alveolar ventilation (and give equation)
Maximum Voluntary Ventilation (and nor…
total lung capacity (give normal value…
the amount of ventilation per minute in and out. ... tidal volu…
the amount of air that gets to the alveoli. ... Tidal volume-de…
When someone is at total rest and they take MAX breaths for 1…
total air in the lungs. ... Normal male- 6L. ... Normal female- 4.2…
minute ventilation (definition, equati…
the amount of ventilation per minute in and out. ... tidal volu…
alveolar ventilation (and give equation)
the amount of air that gets to the alveoli. ... Tidal volume-de…
13 terms
Respiratory Care
Inhalation
Exhalation
Hypoxemia
Hypoxia
Air pulled into the lungs until the pressure in the lungs equ…
Air is forced out of the lungs
Oxygen levels in the blood drops below normal range
Decrease in oxygen in the body tissues
Inhalation
Air pulled into the lungs until the pressure in the lungs equ…
Exhalation
Air is forced out of the lungs
29 terms
Respiratory Care
Three steps in the process of oxygenat…
factors that compromise respiratory st…
factors compromising oxygenation
hypoxia
ventilation: movement of gases in and out of the lungs. requi…
airway obstruction... inadequate oxygen transport... low inspired o…
adequacy of circulation, perfusion, transport of respiratory…
oxygen in blood is insufficient to meet the needs of tissues…
Three steps in the process of oxygenat…
ventilation: movement of gases in and out of the lungs. requi…
factors that compromise respiratory st…
airway obstruction... inadequate oxygen transport... low inspired o…
41 terms
Respiratory Care
FDA
DOT
2200psi
flammable gases
tests the purity of gases
tests gas cylinders hydrostatically
full gas cyclinder
ethylene, cyclopropane
FDA
tests the purity of gases
DOT
tests gas cylinders hydrostatically
218 terms
Respiratory care exam review
Minutes remaining in cylinder
H cylinder
E cylinder
The H cylinder holds ________ of O2:
(Cylinder pressure x cylinder factor)/ flow rate
3.14 L/psig
0.28 L/psig
244 cu ft (6900 L)
Minutes remaining in cylinder
(Cylinder pressure x cylinder factor)/ flow rate
H cylinder
3.14 L/psig
21 terms
Respiratory Care
Apnea
Asthma
Atelectasis
Bronchiectasis
Not breathing
Condition persons airway becomes narrow and produces extra mu…
Collapse of lung because of blockage
Permanent dilation of bronchioles, causing damage
Apnea
Not breathing
Asthma
Condition persons airway becomes narrow and produces extra mu…
18 terms
Respiratory Care
Atelectasis
Cyanosis
Dyspnea
Inhalation
Partial or total collapse of a lung
A decrease in oxygen levels in the tissues; lips take on a bl…
Difficulty moving air in and out of the lungs
-The diaphragm contracts in response to stimulus from the phr…
Atelectasis
Partial or total collapse of a lung
Cyanosis
A decrease in oxygen levels in the tissues; lips take on a bl…
45 terms
Respiratory Care
afterload
angina pectoris
bronchoscopy
cardiac index (CI)
Resistance to ventricular ejection.
Episodic chest pain caused most often by myocardial anoxia as…
Visual examination of the tracheal and bronchial tree using a…
Adequacy of the cardiac output of an individual
afterload
Resistance to ventricular ejection.
angina pectoris
Episodic chest pain caused most often by myocardial anoxia as…
59 terms
Respiratory Care
Atelectasis
Bradypnea
Bronchial
Chest tube
A collapsed or airless state of all or part of the lung
Abnormal slowness of breathing
Of or related to the bronchi
A firm, flexible plastic drain with several openings at the d…
Atelectasis
A collapsed or airless state of all or part of the lung
Bradypnea
Abnormal slowness of breathing
42 terms
Respiratory care
This signifies that you have completed…
This states grants permission to engag…
this defines the scope of practice, le…
This is the title protection. It can b…
Credentialing
legal credentialing
licensure
registration
This signifies that you have completed…
Credentialing
This states grants permission to engag…
legal credentialing
Respiratory Care
Patent airway
Diffusion
Inhalation
Exhalation
When normal pathway is unblocked and air moves freely its cal…
Oxygen and carbon dioxide move across the alveolar cell membr…
Air is pulled into the lungs
Forcing air to go out of the lungs
Patent airway
When normal pathway is unblocked and air moves freely its cal…
Diffusion
Oxygen and carbon dioxide move across the alveolar cell membr…
104 terms
Respiratory care
What is the purpose of chest percussion?
What patients should not receive chest…
What is the purpose of postural draina…
Why does postural drainage require sev…
Aids removal of mucus, hands create vibration of airways
Osteoporosis, rib fractures, and bleeding disorders, burns, i…
Guide pt. through various positions to have gravity help drai…
Depending where the mucous is stored in the lungs
What is the purpose of chest percussion?
Aids removal of mucus, hands create vibration of airways
What patients should not receive chest…
Osteoporosis, rib fractures, and bleeding disorders, burns, i…
103 terms
Respiratory care
What is the purpose of chest percussion?
What patients should not receive chest…
What is the purpose of postural draina…
Why does postural drainage require sev…
Aids removal of mucus, hands create vibration of airways
Osteoporosis, rib fractures, and bleeding disorders, burns, i…
Guide pt. through various positions to have gravity help drai…
Depending where the mucous is stored in the lungs
What is the purpose of chest percussion?
Aids removal of mucus, hands create vibration of airways
What patients should not receive chest…
Osteoporosis, rib fractures, and bleeding disorders, burns, i…
57 terms
Respiratory care: Tracheostomy Care
Inner tube (Inner cannula)
Single lumen cannula
Double lumen cannula
Flange
-Fits snugly into outer tube... -Can be easily removed for clean…
-Long cannula... -Used for patients with long or thick neck
-Has inner and outer cannula... -Allows inner cannula to be remo…
-Flat plastic plate attached to outer tube... -Lies against the…
Inner tube (Inner cannula)
-Fits snugly into outer tube... -Can be easily removed for clean…
Single lumen cannula
-Long cannula... -Used for patients with long or thick neck
38 terms
respiratory care
adult RR
child rr
infant rr
neonate
12-20
15-30
25-60
40-60
adult RR
12-20
child rr
15-30
21 terms
Respiratory care
Myocardial infarction
Endocarditis
Rheumatic heart disease
Congestive heart failure
Obstruction of a blood vessel in the heart muscle results in…
The inner lining of the heart becomes inflamed
The organism that causes rheumatic fever damages the valves o…
The heart is unable to pump enough blood, amd the fluid build…
Myocardial infarction
Obstruction of a blood vessel in the heart muscle results in…
Endocarditis
The inner lining of the heart becomes inflamed
68 terms
Respiratory care
Inhalation
Exhalation
External respiration
Internal respiration
Taking air into lung ... Pressure inside equals pressure outside
Releasing air from lungs
Occurs between alveoli and capillaries
Occurs between blood stream and body cells
Inhalation
Taking air into lung ... Pressure inside equals pressure outside
Exhalation
Releasing air from lungs
64 terms
Respiratory care
Main asthsma problem?
Asthma occurs in 2 ways?
Manifestations of asthma
Assessing asthma
Air way occulusion; cant breathe
-inflammation... -airway hyper responsiveness leading to broncho…
-wheeze... -high rr... -accessory muscles ... -barrel chest... -long brea…
Assess lungs first
Main asthsma problem?
Air way occulusion; cant breathe
Asthma occurs in 2 ways?
-inflammation... -airway hyper responsiveness leading to broncho…
24 terms
Respiratory Care
Apena
CO2
O2
Nasal Passage
Cessation of breathing during sleep.
Carbon Dioxide; the expel of gases from the body
Oxygen; brings gases into the body
A channel for airflow through the nose.
Apena
Cessation of breathing during sleep.
CO2
Carbon Dioxide; the expel of gases from the body
28 terms
Respiratory Care
Atelectasis
Exhalation
Hemothorax
Hypoxemia
Collapsed or airless state of all or part of the lung
Diaphragm relaxes and elasticity of the chest wall and pleura…
Accumulation of the blood and fluid in the pleural cavity bet…
Decreased oxygen concentration in the blood
Atelectasis
Collapsed or airless state of all or part of the lung
Exhalation
Diaphragm relaxes and elasticity of the chest wall and pleura…
21 terms
respiratory care
AARC
CoARC
NBRC
cardiopulmonary system
national professional association for respiratory care
professional organization that accredits respiratory care sch…
organization responsible for the respiratory care credentiali…
heart and lungs working together is the bread and butter of o…
AARC
national professional association for respiratory care
CoARC
professional organization that accredits respiratory care sch…
28 terms
Respiratory Care
COPD
COPD Causes
COPD Management
Pulmonary Emphysema
A group of conditions characterized by continued increased re…
Cigarette smoking, Air pollution, Occupational exposure, Auto…
- STOP SMOKING... - Beta adrenergic agonists like theophylline p…
Destruction of alveoli, enlargement of distal air spaces and…
COPD
A group of conditions characterized by continued increased re…
COPD Causes
Cigarette smoking, Air pollution, Occupational exposure, Auto…
19 terms
Respiratory Care
American Association for Respiratory C…
apnea
oxygen
carbon dioxide
a professional society for respiratory therapists, managers o…
breathing cessation during sleep
gas that is taken into the body
is a gas that is put out of the body
American Association for Respiratory C…
a professional society for respiratory therapists, managers o…
apnea
breathing cessation during sleep
14 terms
Respiratory Care
Atelectasis
Hypoxia
Pneumonia
Asthma
State in which lungs (part or whole) is collapsed or without…
Oxygen deficiency. Inadequate oxygen levels in the cells; (di…
Inflammatory process of the respiratory bronchioles and the a…
Broad clinical syndrome and an airway pathological condition.…
Atelectasis
State in which lungs (part or whole) is collapsed or without…
Hypoxia
Oxygen deficiency. Inadequate oxygen levels in the cells; (di…
81 terms
Respiratory care
Includes respiratory assessment, measu…
Reads the amount of oxyhemoglobin pres…
Number one sign for hypoxia
Seizure patients need to have what in…
Managing airway, respiratory care
Pulse ox
Restlessness
Suctioning
Includes respiratory assessment, measu…
Managing airway, respiratory care
Reads the amount of oxyhemoglobin pres…
Pulse ox
27 terms
Respiratory Care
Room Air Oxygen
Atelectasis
Partial Rebreather
Nonrebreather
Fio2 is 21%
alveolar collapse; can be caused by prolonged hypoventilation
reservoir bag remains inflated during inspiration and expirat…
reservoir bag has one way valve to allow inspiration from bag…
Room Air Oxygen
Fio2 is 21%
Atelectasis
alveolar collapse; can be caused by prolonged hypoventilation
38 terms
Respiratory care
Low-flow
Low-flow
High-flow
High-flow
Partial contribution; client breathes room air along with oxy…
Doesn't provide consistent or precise concentration of inspir…
Provides the total inspired air
Delivers constant and precise amt of oxygen
Low-flow
Partial contribution; client breathes room air along with oxy…
Low-flow
Doesn't provide consistent or precise concentration of inspir…
Respiratory care
Atelectasis
Crepitus
Cyanosis
Dyspnea
Partial or total collapse of a lung
Air in the subcutaneous tissue
A decrease in oxygen levels in the tissues like take on a blu…
Difficulty moving air in and out of the lungs
Atelectasis
Partial or total collapse of a lung
Crepitus
Air in the subcutaneous tissue
Respiratory Care
Oxygen Therapy
What are some complications of oxygen…
Oxygen Toxicity
Venturi Mask
Administration of oxygen at greater than 21% (the concentrati…
Suppressed respiratory drive and low O2 tension. Fire. Oxygen…
Cause overproduction of free radicals, which can severely dam…
High flow. Oxygen concentration is low. Used for patients wit…
Oxygen Therapy
Administration of oxygen at greater than 21% (the concentrati…
What are some complications of oxygen…
Suppressed respiratory drive and low O2 tension. Fire. Oxygen…
RESPIRATORY CARE
Confused pt w/ pneumonia is indicatve…
Throat culture on a child- what would…
KNOW THE NORMAL level??617-619-
Incentive spirometer steps to correct…
hypoxia- brain does not get oxygen. high priority
that a throat culture is used to detect strep throat, if not…
pH: 7.35-7.45... PaCO2: 35-45... HCO-3: 22-26
-patient sits up... -instruct to take deep breath... -show patient…
Confused pt w/ pneumonia is indicatve…
hypoxia- brain does not get oxygen. high priority
Throat culture on a child- what would…
that a throat culture is used to detect strep throat, if not…
32 terms
Respiratory Care
Tachypnea
Dyspnea
Apnea
Cheyne-stokes respirations
Increased rate and difficult breathing
Breathing with difficulty, SOB
Lack of spontaneous respirations
Abnormal pattern of alternating periods of apnea and deep rap…
Tachypnea
Increased rate and difficult breathing
Dyspnea
Breathing with difficulty, SOB
26 terms
Chapter 28 Respiratory Care
airway
diffusion
inhalation
exhalation
the path that air takes as it enters and exits the lungs
Oxygen and carbon dioxide move across the alveolar cell membr…
Air is pulled into the lungs until the the pressure in the lu…
The ribs come inward, the diaphragm rises upward, and the lun…
airway
the path that air takes as it enters and exits the lungs
diffusion
Oxygen and carbon dioxide move across the alveolar cell membr…
49 terms
Respiratory Care lab 6
cardiac output:
normal cardiac output:
Normal Cardiac output: ______BPM & ___…
brain can change Cardiac Output by cha…
Heart Rate X Stroke Volume
70BPM X 70ML = 4900ML
70 & 5.0L/M
heart rate
cardiac output:
Heart Rate X Stroke Volume
normal cardiac output:
70BPM X 70ML = 4900ML
23 terms
Fundamentals Of Respiratory Care---Ch 1-5
Respiratory Therapy
Cardiopulmonary system
Respiratory Therapists
Who is the father of Medicine
the department that provides care for patients with disorders…
composed of the heart, which pumps the blood; the lungs, wher…
apply scientific principles to prevent, identify, and treat a…
Hippocrates
Respiratory Therapy
the department that provides care for patients with disorders…
Cardiopulmonary system
composed of the heart, which pumps the blood; the lungs, wher…
51 terms
Respiratory Care exam 3
flow and pressure must be
to regulate pressure...
to regulate both...
to regulate flow...
regulated
reducing valve
regulator
flowmeter
flow and pressure must be
regulated
to regulate pressure...
reducing valve
89 terms
Respiratory Care-Assessment (pt and respiratory)
What are the 3 things you want to obse…
What does it mean if a pt is obtunded
If someone is stuporouos they are:
If a pt is cacheixa they are:
age, ht, wt
Awakens with difficultly but once awake can answer questions
Does not completely waken ... decrease mental and physical movem…
malnutrition and usually suffer from chronic disease
What are the 3 things you want to obse…
age, ht, wt
What does it mean if a pt is obtunded
Awakens with difficultly but once awake can answer questions
82 terms
respiratory care
1. Can O2 be given without an order?
2. What is the percentage of atmospher…
3. What is the goal of O2 therapy?
4. What are the signs of O2 toxicity?
NO; order routes,mask
Normal atmospheric air provides 21% O2
-Reverse hypoxia... -Decrease workload of the resp. system... -Decr…
->50% for > 24-48 hrs... -sore throat, hypoventilation, nonprodu…
1. Can O2 be given without an order?
NO; order routes,mask
2. What is the percentage of atmospher…
Normal atmospheric air provides 21% O2
32 terms
Respiratory care lab 10
arterial blood gas is the ________ sta…
4 drawbacks of arterial blood gas
ph normal range
PO2
gold
1)invasive... 2)expensive... 3)painful... 4)difficult
7.35-7.45
80-100 mmHg
arterial blood gas is the ________ sta…
gold
4 drawbacks of arterial blood gas
1)invasive... 2)expensive... 3)painful... 4)difficult
145 terms
Respiratory Care
What is Oxygen Therapy:
Room Air O2%
O2 Therapy Goal:
Assess for what while pt is receiving…
- administration of O2 at a concentration higher than that fo…
21%
- provide adequate transport of O2 in the blood ... - dec. work…
- indicators of hypoxia
What is Oxygen Therapy:
- administration of O2 at a concentration higher than that fo…
Room Air O2%
21%
31 terms
Respiratory Care
What are some typical reasons or sympt…
What is Hypoxemia
What is Hypercapnia
What type of patients are are at great…
Chronic Dyspenia or Cough; Unexplained hypercapnia, or hypoxe…
Low O2 in the Blood
Elevated CO2 levels
Smoker; Patients with occupational exposures
What are some typical reasons or sympt…
Chronic Dyspenia or Cough; Unexplained hypercapnia, or hypoxe…
What is Hypoxemia
Low O2 in the Blood
15 terms
Respiratory Care
ventilation
perfusion
assessment of Respiratory System
Respiratory Defenses
-moving air in and out of the lungs... -coordinated by muscular…
process of a body delivering blood to a capillary bed in its…
-dyspnea... -orthopnea... -paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (PND)... -co…
against invasion: filtration of air, mucociliary clearance sy…
ventilation
-moving air in and out of the lungs... -coordinated by muscular…
perfusion
process of a body delivering blood to a capillary bed in its…
35 terms
Respiratory Care
1. What would the nurse do first to ea…
When caring for a patient prescribed o…
When caring for a patient prescribed o…
When caring for a patient prescribed o…
B isCORRECT.... The nurse would first try to ease the patient's…
3. Assessing the patient's external ears, nares, and nasal mu…
4. Monitoring for proper placement of the cannula tips within…
4. Regularly assessing the fit of the mask around the patient…
1. What would the nurse do first to ea…
B isCORRECT.... The nurse would first try to ease the patient's…
When caring for a patient prescribed o…
3. Assessing the patient's external ears, nares, and nasal mu…
31 terms
Respiratory Care Lecture 1
Matter exist in what 3 states:
What gases do we administer?
what liquids do we use?
A substance can change its state when?
Solid, liquid, gas
helium, carbon dioxide, oxygen and sometimes carbon minoxide
We humidify some gases, & liquid medication
Temperature & pressure change
Matter exist in what 3 states:
Solid, liquid, gas
What gases do we administer?
helium, carbon dioxide, oxygen and sometimes carbon minoxide
10 terms
Respiratory care
is oxygen therapy considered a medicat…
what is pulmonary rehabilitation
what must you make sure you do to some…
how long do you have to wait until you…
yes
when you monitor someones stats while they exercise on a bike…
clean it out otherwise the secretions will harden and can cau…
96 hours
is oxygen therapy considered a medicat…
yes
what is pulmonary rehabilitation
when you monitor someones stats while they exercise on a bike…
24 terms
Respiratory care
what is bronchoscopy?
whats the medical term for difficulty…
name structures of respiratory system?
what structures is also known as the w…
procedure that allows doctors to look at your air way, so bas…
dyspnoea
air way, lungs and muscles of respiratory system.
trachea and bronchi
what is bronchoscopy?
procedure that allows doctors to look at your air way, so bas…
whats the medical term for difficulty…
dyspnoea
28 terms
respiratory care lab 9
low flow means
high flow means
FiO2 can vary on a _____ flow device
FiO2 can vary with(3)
does not meet patients total respiratory demand
it meets the patient's respiratory demand
low
1)patient's respiratory rate and pattern... 2)flow of gas from e…
low flow means
does not meet patients total respiratory demand
high flow means
it meets the patient's respiratory demand
50 terms
Respiratory care lab 3
DISS
What is DISS
what does it prevent you from doing?
What is on DISS that makes it idiot pr…
Diameter Index Safety System
Thread sizes are different on fittings
mixing gases up.
color, name, thread size.
DISS
Diameter Index Safety System
What is DISS
Thread sizes are different on fittings
86 terms
Critical Care- Respiratory
Ventilatory assistance: Acute Nursing…
Physiology of Breathing- Rest:
Physiology of Breathing Inspiration/Ex…
Physiology of Breathing KEY
-Maintain adequate airway... -Ensure adequate ventilation ... -Ensu…
Intrapleural pressure <... atmospheric ... Intraalveolar = atmosph…
Inspiration:... Intrapleural pressure more... negative 750<atmosphe…
we breath by movement of air from high pressure to low. We ar…
Ventilatory assistance: Acute Nursing…
-Maintain adequate airway... -Ensure adequate ventilation ... -Ensu…
Physiology of Breathing- Rest:
Intrapleural pressure <... atmospheric ... Intraalveolar = atmosph…
53 terms
Respiratory Care Modalities
oxygen therapy
indication
hypoxemia
hypoxia
the goal of oxygen therapy is to provide adequate transport o…
a change in the patient's respiratory rate or pattern may be…
decrease in the arterial oxygen tension in the blood. Manifes…
decrease in oxygen supply to the tissues and cells. severe hy…
oxygen therapy
the goal of oxygen therapy is to provide adequate transport o…
indication
a change in the patient's respiratory rate or pattern may be…
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