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Study sets matching "respiratory disorders"

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Study sets matching "respiratory disorders"

10 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Asthma
Bronchitis
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Emphysema
a physical condition that makes it difficult for someone to b…
an illness in which your bronchial tubes become sore or damag…
pulmonary disease (as emphysema or chronic bronchitis) that i…
a disease in which the lungs become stretched and breathing b…
Asthma
a physical condition that makes it difficult for someone to b…
Bronchitis
an illness in which your bronchial tubes become sore or damag…
18 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Epiglottitis
Laryngitis
Acute bronchitis
Influenza
...
...
...
...
Epiglottitis
...
Laryngitis
...
12 terms
Respiratory Disorders
apnea
asthma
bronchitis
common cold
Temporary cessation of breathing;... the absence of spontaneous…
A chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of seve…
An irritation of the breathing passages in which the small pa…
Acute, self-limiting, and contagious infection of the upper r…
apnea
Temporary cessation of breathing;... the absence of spontaneous…
asthma
A chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of seve…
Respiratory Disorders
Asthma
Status Asthmaticus
Emphysema (COPD)
Emphysema
1) Intermittent & reversible airflow obstruction affects only…
a) Life-threatening: intensifies once it begins & often does…
a) Loss of lung elasticity & hyperinflation of the lung.... b) D…
Asthma
1) Intermittent & reversible airflow obstruction affects only…
Status Asthmaticus
a) Life-threatening: intensifies once it begins & often does…
39 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Pneumonia
S/S of Pneumonia
Bacterial Pneumonia
Causes of Pneumonia
Inflammation of the alveolar spaces of the lung, resulting in…
Fever (lower body temperature in older adults), cough, shortn…
Accounts for 10% of all hospital admissions; The #1 cause of…
Sepsis, septic shock, pleurisy, emphysema, and ARDS.
Pneumonia
Inflammation of the alveolar spaces of the lung, resulting in…
S/S of Pneumonia
Fever (lower body temperature in older adults), cough, shortn…
26 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Signs / Symptoms of Hypoxia
Hyperventilation Causes
Diabetic Ketoacidosis - Kussmaul's res…
Carpopedal spasm/ tetany
Deficiency in the amount of oxygen reaching the tissues.... Dys…
Anxiety ... Infection... Fever ... PE... ASA overdose ... Metabolic Acidosis…
Air hunger, or the rapid, deep, and labored breathing charact…
Spasm of the feet and hands observed in hyperventilation, cal…
Signs / Symptoms of Hypoxia
Deficiency in the amount of oxygen reaching the tissues.... Dys…
Hyperventilation Causes
Anxiety ... Infection... Fever ... PE... ASA overdose ... Metabolic Acidosis…
181 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Respiratory changes in upper thoracic…
Resp changes in lower thoracic
Which muscles are subject to fatigue?
Endurance muscles
Anteroposterior... Rib cage: truncated cone, sup aperture, large…
Lateral or transverse
Endurance muscles... **Inadeq O2 deliver, poor nut, ↑ work 2° t…
**Diaphragm... **Intercostal ... **Abd... Cervical strap... SCM... Large bac…
Respiratory changes in upper thoracic…
Anteroposterior... Rib cage: truncated cone, sup aperture, large…
Resp changes in lower thoracic
Lateral or transverse
96 terms
Respiratory disorders
Patent
Pulmonologist
Upper respiratory tract
Lower respiratory tract
Open airway
A physician specializing in respiratory disorders
Nose, sinuses, pharynx, trachea
Lungs, bronchi
Patent
Open airway
Pulmonologist
A physician specializing in respiratory disorders
38 terms
Respiratory Disorders
COPD
Emphysema
Signs and symptoms of COPD
Preventable and treatable. Persistent airflow limitations tha…
Airways become obstructed, there is smooth muscle spasm, infl…
cough, regular sputum production, shortness of breath, wheeze…
COPD
Preventable and treatable. Persistent airflow limitations tha…
Emphysema
Airways become obstructed, there is smooth muscle spasm, infl…
15 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease…
Chronic Bronchitits
Emphysema
Asthma
Respiratory disorder that interfere with O2 and CO2 exchange…
Occurs after repeated episodes of Bronchitis. Inflammation of…
Alveolars enlarge (air sacks in the lungs). They become less…
Airways become inflamed and narrow, extra mucus is produced,…
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease…
Respiratory disorder that interfere with O2 and CO2 exchange…
Chronic Bronchitits
Occurs after repeated episodes of Bronchitis. Inflammation of…
Respiratory disorders
nieprawidłowości w układzie oddechowym
zapalenie migdałków
połykać
rak płuc
respiratory disorders
tonsillitis
swallow
lung cancer
nieprawidłowości w układzie oddechowym
respiratory disorders
zapalenie migdałków
tonsillitis
12 terms
Respiratory disorders
Symptoms of asthma
Causes of asthma
Treatment of asthma
Symptoms of stridor
Difficulty breathing, chest pain, coughing and wheezing
Allergies, respiratory infections, physical activity, cold air
Inhalers and steroid medications
Poor weight gain, difficulty breathing, hoarse cry, gastric r…
Symptoms of asthma
Difficulty breathing, chest pain, coughing and wheezing
Causes of asthma
Allergies, respiratory infections, physical activity, cold air
25 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease…
Emphysema
Emphysema - Oxygenation
Emphysema - Classification
includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis; characterized by b…
2 major changes occur: 1) loss of lung elasticity, 2) hyperin…
oxygen is affected by increased work of breathing and loss of…
panlobular, centrilobular, or paraseptal depending on pattern…
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease…
includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis; characterized by b…
Emphysema
2 major changes occur: 1) loss of lung elasticity, 2) hyperin…
14 terms
Respiratory Disorders
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease…
types of COPD
emphysema
chronic bronchitis
distal air spaces enlarge, lungs become hyper-inflated... sympt…
1. emphysema... 2. chronic bronchitis
loss of flexibility of ALVEOLI (become larger w/ CO2, less ro…
inflammation of BRONCHI (airways)... ongoing cough with mucus (…
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease…
distal air spaces enlarge, lungs become hyper-inflated... sympt…
types of COPD
1. emphysema... 2. chronic bronchitis
15 terms
Respiratory disorders
Sx include dyspnea, wheezing, tight ch…
Sx: inflamed mucous membrane of trache…
Population often affected by chronic b…
Contagious, viral illness of upper res…
Asthma
Bronchitis
Smokers
Common Cold
Sx include dyspnea, wheezing, tight ch…
Asthma
Sx: inflamed mucous membrane of trache…
Bronchitis
11 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Pertussis (per-tuss-is)
Pharyngitis (far-in-jhy-tis)
Asthma (az-muh)
Asbestos (as-bes-tuhs)
S/S: Runny nose, nasal congestion, red watery eyes, fever, co…
S/S: sore, dry, scratchy throat; swollen lymph nodes, tonsils…
S/S: SOB, chest tightness or pain. whistling / wheezing sound…
Patho: inhaled asbestos fibers inter upper and lower respirat…
Pertussis (per-tuss-is)
S/S: Runny nose, nasal congestion, red watery eyes, fever, co…
Pharyngitis (far-in-jhy-tis)
S/S: sore, dry, scratchy throat; swollen lymph nodes, tonsils…
45 terms
Respiratory Disorders
CHARGE syndrome
Lingual thyroid
Thyroglossal duct cyst
Strider differential diagnosis
- Coloboma, ... -heart disease, ... - atresia (choanal)... -retarded g…
-more common in girls... -30% percent with hypothyroidism
-midline. Asymptomatic unless they become infected
- laryngimalacia... - subglottic stenosis... - glottic webs... - laryn…
CHARGE syndrome
- Coloboma, ... -heart disease, ... - atresia (choanal)... -retarded g…
Lingual thyroid
-more common in girls... -30% percent with hypothyroidism
25 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Ipratropium bromide (atrovent) Short a…
oral steroids
ICS systemic absorption
COPD
short acting muscarinic agent (anticholinergic) ... inhibits mus…
no need to taper if <10 days... oral prednisone is preferred ove…
usually much less than though, approximately <1%... Growth redu…
Diagnosis should be considered: progressive dyspnea- usually…
Ipratropium bromide (atrovent) Short a…
short acting muscarinic agent (anticholinergic) ... inhibits mus…
oral steroids
no need to taper if <10 days... oral prednisone is preferred ove…
105 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Common Respiratory Emergencies... A... C... P... P…
COPD
1. Asthma - Lower airway disease... Hype…
(3) in the lower airways
Asthma... COPD... Pneumonia... Pulmonary embolism... Pneumothorax (non-tr…
emphysema, chronic bronchitis
triggers
Bronchospasm, oedema, mucus
Common Respiratory Emergencies... A... C... P... P…
Asthma... COPD... Pneumonia... Pulmonary embolism... Pneumothorax (non-tr…
COPD
emphysema, chronic bronchitis
96 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Respiratory system - review
Structures in the respiratory tract
Bronchial tree
*Do bronchioles relax or contract in r…
Transport of oxygen into the blood and removal of carbon diox…
Trachea... -Elastic tissue... -Smooth muscle cells... -C-shaped ring…
Bronchi: structure similar to trachea ... Bronchioles: compo…
Relax (bronchodilation)
Respiratory system - review
Transport of oxygen into the blood and removal of carbon diox…
Structures in the respiratory tract
Trachea... -Elastic tissue... -Smooth muscle cells... -C-shaped ring…
9 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Tonsillitis
Laryngitis
Pneumonia
Bronchitis
An infection of the tonsils caused by a virus or by bacteria
An inflammation of the larynx that can cause the voice to bec…
A disease that causes inflammation in one or both lungs: it u…
A respiratory disease that causes inflammation of mucous memb…
Tonsillitis
An infection of the tonsils caused by a virus or by bacteria
Laryngitis
An inflammation of the larynx that can cause the voice to bec…
54 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Common cold
How long can the common cold live on t…
Rhinosinusitis (Sinusitis-sinus infect…
What complex fills with a sinus infect…
viral infection of UPPER respiratory tract; most common resp…
5 hours
Infection or allergy obstructs sinus ; can be acute or chronic
Osteomeatal complex
Common cold
viral infection of UPPER respiratory tract; most common resp…
How long can the common cold live on t…
5 hours
181 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Respiratory changes in upper thoracic…
Resp changes in lower thoracic
Which muscles are subject to fatigue?
Endurance muscles
Anteroposterior... Rib cage: truncated cone, sup aperture, large…
Lateral or transverse
Endurance muscles... **Inadeq O2 deliver, poor nut, ↑ work 2° t…
**Diaphragm... **Intercostal ... **Abd... Cervical strap... SCM... Large bac…
Respiratory changes in upper thoracic…
Anteroposterior... Rib cage: truncated cone, sup aperture, large…
Resp changes in lower thoracic
Lateral or transverse
31 terms
Respiratory Disorders
anergic
asphyxiation
asthma
atelectasis
unable to respond to foreign agent
blood lacks O2, suffacation
chronic inflammation in lining of bronchial airway
collasped lung
anergic
unable to respond to foreign agent
asphyxiation
blood lacks O2, suffacation
67 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Hypoxemia
Hypoxemia Causes
Hypoxemia Subjective data
Hypoxemia Objective data
reduction in the PO2 of the blood
Causes: Inadequate O2 in the air, respiratory disease, neurol…
Subjective data: difficulty breathing, shortness of breath
Objective data:* tachycardia, tachypnea, restlessness, anxiou…
Hypoxemia
reduction in the PO2 of the blood
Hypoxemia Causes
Causes: Inadequate O2 in the air, respiratory disease, neurol…
65 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Upper Respiratory Tract
Nose
Paranasal sinuses
Pharynx (throat)
the part of the respiratory system that consists of the nose,…
filters, moistens and warms air as it enters the nasal cavity…
air cavities within the cranial bones that open into the nasa…
5in tubular structure. pasageway for food and air. 3 subdivis…
Upper Respiratory Tract
the part of the respiratory system that consists of the nose,…
Nose
filters, moistens and warms air as it enters the nasal cavity…
9 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Tonsilitis
Laryngitis
Bronchitis
Pneumonia
Infection of tonsils
Inflammation of the larynx. Sore throat.
Bronchi become inflamed and full of mucus.
Alveoli become inflamed and fill with liquid. Reduced O2 to c…
Tonsilitis
Infection of tonsils
Laryngitis
Inflammation of the larynx. Sore throat.
27 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Asthma
subjective findings of asthma
objective findings of asthma
Atelectasis
chronic hyperreactive condition resulting in bronchospasm, mu…
dyspnea, anxiety, chest pain
wheezing, diminished breath sounds, absent breath sounds, inc…
collapse or impaired inflation of one or more areas of the lu…
Asthma
chronic hyperreactive condition resulting in bronchospasm, mu…
subjective findings of asthma
dyspnea, anxiety, chest pain
17 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Hypoxemia
Hypercapnea
Obstructions
Rhinosinusitus
reduction in the PO2 of the blood
Increase in the carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the blood
something blocks the airway so that the lungs cannot bring ox…
inflammation of the nasal passages—commonly associated with s…
Hypoxemia
reduction in the PO2 of the blood
Hypercapnea
Increase in the carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the blood
82 terms
Respiratory disorders
Obstructive lung diseases include cond…
O is for hard to get air out
Restrictive lung diseases make it hard…
Obstructive and restrictive lung disea…
True: Obstructive = hard to get air out
True
true
shortness of breath with exertion.
Obstructive lung diseases include cond…
True: Obstructive = hard to get air out
O is for hard to get air out
True
141 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Epistaxis
Epistaxis:Cause
Epistaxis:Signs and symptoms
Epistaxis:diagnosis
Congested nasal membranes leading to capillary rupture
Injury-nose picking, nose blowing; nasal dryness, infection,…
Bright red blood draining from one or both nostrils
Rhinoscopy, possible PT, PTT and INR
Epistaxis
Congested nasal membranes leading to capillary rupture
Epistaxis:Cause
Injury-nose picking, nose blowing; nasal dryness, infection,…
Respiratory Disorders
Respiratory Failure
Defined
Hypoxemia
Hypercapnia
clinical syndrome with many causes, lungs, chest wall or airw…
inability of the pulmonary system to maintain adequate gas ex…
1. PaO2 < or equal to 50 ... a. Decreased O2 to alveoli ... b. Inad…
1. PaCO2 > or equal to 50... a. Hypoventilation
Respiratory Failure
clinical syndrome with many causes, lungs, chest wall or airw…
Defined
inability of the pulmonary system to maintain adequate gas ex…
20 terms
[Respiratory] Restrictive Respiratory Disorders
restrictive respiratory disorders
Two categories of restrictive respirat…
Extrapulmonary causes of restrictive l…
Intrapulmonary causes of restrictive l…
Disorders that impair the abilitiy of the chest wall and diap…
1. Extrapulmonary - lung tissue is normal... 2. Intrapulmonary -…
- Head injury; CNS lesions ... - Opioid and barbiturate use... - Sp…
- Pleural effusion... - Pleurisy... - Pneumothorax... - Atelectasis... -…
restrictive respiratory disorders
Disorders that impair the abilitiy of the chest wall and diap…
Two categories of restrictive respirat…
1. Extrapulmonary - lung tissue is normal... 2. Intrapulmonary -…
47 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Conducting airways functions
Conducting airways
Gas exchange airways functions
Gas exchange airways
-warms, humidifies, filters... -composed of 3 layers: endotheliu…
-upper airways... -trachea... -bronchi
-thin walled... -lack supportive cartilage - prone to collapse... -…
-acinus... -terminal bronchioles... -alveoli
Conducting airways functions
-warms, humidifies, filters... -composed of 3 layers: endotheliu…
Conducting airways
-upper airways... -trachea... -bronchi
22 terms
Respiratory disorders
hypoxia
hypoxemia hypoxia
ischemic hypoxia
anemic hypoxia
a deficiency of oxygen in a tissue or the inability to use ox…
...
...
...
hypoxia
a deficiency of oxygen in a tissue or the inability to use ox…
hypoxemia hypoxia
...
64 terms
Respiratory Disorders
What happens to the pulmonary system w…
Dyspnea
Orthopnea
Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (PND)
Loss of elastic recoil... Stiffening of the chest wall... Alteratio…
Subjective sensation of uncomfortable breathing
Dyspnea when a person is lying down
not with you all the time happens at night/day time to much f…
What happens to the pulmonary system w…
Loss of elastic recoil... Stiffening of the chest wall... Alteratio…
Dyspnea
Subjective sensation of uncomfortable breathing
204 terms
Respiratory Disorders
A client with a respiratory disorder h…
The nurse provides instructions to a c…
A client has undergone fluoroscopy-ass…
A nursing student prepares to instruct…
The client plans to eat the largest meal of the day at a time…
"After maximal inspiration, I will hold my breath for 10 seco…
Absence of breath sounds in the right upper lobe
"I will have the client take a shallow breath before coughing."
A client with a respiratory disorder h…
The client plans to eat the largest meal of the day at a time…
The nurse provides instructions to a c…
"After maximal inspiration, I will hold my breath for 10 seco…
28 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Pneumonia
Aspiration pneumonia
Bronchitis
Pleurisy (Pleuritis)
* Inflammation of lung tissue... *Non-infectious+ aspiration pne…
*Caused by inhaling food, liquid or medication
Inflammation of bronchi... *Common sign = cough still functionin…
Inflammation of pleura... *usually secondary to other condition…
Pneumonia
* Inflammation of lung tissue... *Non-infectious+ aspiration pne…
Aspiration pneumonia
*Caused by inhaling food, liquid or medication
91 terms
Respiratory Disorders
What are the two types of chest trauma?
What are the usual causes of blunt che…
What can often happen with blunt chest…
What is contrecoup trauma?
Blunt (non-penetrating)... Penetrating
MVA ... Falls ... Bicycle handle bars
Contrecoup trauma
Caused by the impact of organs against other organs causing i…
What are the two types of chest trauma?
Blunt (non-penetrating)... Penetrating
What are the usual causes of blunt che…
MVA ... Falls ... Bicycle handle bars
45 terms
respiratory disorders
what (4) main classes of disorders can…
list some diseases that affect the air…
list some diseases that affect the alv…
list some diseases that affect the int…
OBSTRUCTIVE: (e.g., emphysema, bronchitis, asthma attacks)... RE…
asthma... copd... bronchitis... emphysema... cystic fibrosis
pneumonia... tuberculosis... emphysema... pulmonary oedema... lung cancer…
- interstitial lung disease (includes sarcoidosis, pulmonary…
what (4) main classes of disorders can…
OBSTRUCTIVE: (e.g., emphysema, bronchitis, asthma attacks)... RE…
list some diseases that affect the air…
asthma... copd... bronchitis... emphysema... cystic fibrosis
80 terms
Respiratory Disorder
cilia
ciliary escalator
right main bronchus
alveoli
sweep mucous blanket up and out of the respiratory system
Microbes trapped in mucus are transported away from the lungs…
In the respiratory system the trachea divide into 2 bronchi.…
Gas exchange in respiratory system occurs at the level of ___…
cilia
sweep mucous blanket up and out of the respiratory system
ciliary escalator
Microbes trapped in mucus are transported away from the lungs…
8 terms
Respiratory Disorders
What does asthma do?
What happens to someone with asthma?
What is asthma triggered by?
What happens to someone with severe ac…
It causes the bronchioles to narrow.
They have difficulty breathing.
Irritants such as dew and or pollen.
They get a fever and have difficulty breathing.
What does asthma do?
It causes the bronchioles to narrow.
What happens to someone with asthma?
They have difficulty breathing.
50 terms
Respiratory Disorders
Adventitious
Atelectasis
Bronchoscopy
Cor Pulmonale
Abnormal breath sounds superimposed on breath sounds.
Collapse of lung tissue (alveoli), preventing the respiatory…
Visual esamination of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi using…
Abnormal cardiac condition characterized by hypertrophy of ri…
Adventitious
Abnormal breath sounds superimposed on breath sounds.
Atelectasis
Collapse of lung tissue (alveoli), preventing the respiatory…
48 terms
Respiratory Disorders
What are characteristics of the restri…
What type of breathing pattern would y…
What cell type produces surfactant
what is the role of surfactant in rega…
restrict expansion of lung tissue (intrapulmonary) and chest…
dypsnea... rapid shallowing breathing patterns
alveolar type II pneumocytes
decreases lung surface tension and increases lung compliance…
What are characteristics of the restri…
restrict expansion of lung tissue (intrapulmonary) and chest…
What type of breathing pattern would y…
dypsnea... rapid shallowing breathing patterns
48 terms
respiratory disorders
ischemic hypoxia
ischemic hypoxia
anemic hypoxia
anemic hypoxia
low O2 because of decreased blood ventilation
caused by congestive heart failure
low O2 because blood cannot carry enough oxygen
caused by anemia, hemorrhage, insufficient hemoglobin
ischemic hypoxia
low O2 because of decreased blood ventilation
ischemic hypoxia
caused by congestive heart failure
30 terms
Respiratory disorders
Atelectasis
Dysnea
Cyonosis
Orphopnea
Collapse of the lung
Shortness of breath
Bluish discoloration due to poor circulation, inadequate oxyg…
Difficulty breathing when lying down
Atelectasis
Collapse of the lung
Dysnea
Shortness of breath
27 terms
Respiratory disorders
Rhinitis
Sinusitis
Bends
Laryngitis
Inflammation of the mucas membranes of the nose ... Sneezing, w…
Inflammation of the paranasal sinuses resulting in increase m…
Decompression sickness occurs as the result of nitrogen bubbl…
Inflammation of the Lucas membranes of the larynx. It affects…
Rhinitis
Inflammation of the mucas membranes of the nose ... Sneezing, w…
Sinusitis
Inflammation of the paranasal sinuses resulting in increase m…
58 terms
Respiratory Disorders
abscess (lung)
anthracosis
ARDS
asbestosis
a localized collection of pus in a cavity formed by the disin…
accumulation of carbon deposits in the lung due to breathing…
adult (acute) respiratory distress syndrome
lung disease caused by inhaling asbestos particles; associate…
abscess (lung)
a localized collection of pus in a cavity formed by the disin…
anthracosis
accumulation of carbon deposits in the lung due to breathing…
52 terms
Respiratory Disorders
acute bronchitis
acute bronchitis
suction
aspiration, inhaling the bacteria, con…
causes: URI, toxic gases, chemical inhalation, impaired immun…
involves chest pain and bronchospasms
for nosocomial pneumonia, make sure to....
4 causes of pneumonia
acute bronchitis
causes: URI, toxic gases, chemical inhalation, impaired immun…
acute bronchitis
involves chest pain and bronchospasms
56 terms
Respiratory Disorders
conducting airways
surfactant
alveolar ventilation
perfusion
just move air (dead space)
lubricates alveoli
air gets to alveoli (4L/min)
blood supply (5L/min)
conducting airways
just move air (dead space)
surfactant
lubricates alveoli
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