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Study sets matching "respiratory therapy"

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Study sets matching "respiratory therapy"

10 terms
Respiratory Therapy
nasal cannula
simple oxygen mask
venture mask
non-rebreather
nasal cannula
simple oxygen mask
297 terms
Respiratory Therapy: Vocabulary
Term
infarction
polycythemia
anaphylaxis
Definition
the development and formation of a localized area of tissue n…
increase in blood cells
a severe reaction or hypersensitivity to a foreign substance…
Term
Definition
infarction
the development and formation of a localized area of tissue n…
102 terms
Respiratory therapy
The integumentary system is an elabora…
The skin has functional relationships…
The waterproof characteristic of _____…
A pustule is an example of a _________…
glands, nerves, blood vessels, hair
increase
Keratin... Evaporating... Moisture
elevated lesion
The integumentary system is an elabora…
glands, nerves, blood vessels, hair
The skin has functional relationships…
increase
8 terms
Respiratory Therapy
COPD
Asthma
Cyanosis
Hypoxia
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Tightening of the bronchioles or airway.
Blue color to the skin, lips and nails that occurs when inade…
Not receiving enough oxygen that causes confusion, anxiety an…
COPD
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Asthma
Tightening of the bronchioles or airway.
19 terms
Respiratory Therapy - Daily Calculations
PAO2... Pressure of Alveolar Oxygen
a/A Ratio... The arterial to Alveolar oxy…
CaO2
CvO2
PAO2 = (Pb - 47)FIO2 - (PaCO2 x 1.25)... **Where Pressure of Wa…
a/A ratio % = PaO2 ÷ PAO2
...
...
PAO2... Pressure of Alveolar Oxygen
PAO2 = (Pb - 47)FIO2 - (PaCO2 x 1.25)... **Where Pressure of Wa…
a/A Ratio... The arterial to Alveolar oxy…
a/A ratio % = PaO2 ÷ PAO2
226 terms
Respiratory Therapy
emphysema
the larynx
glottis
coughing
abnormal permanent enlargement of air spaces distal to the te…
what is located below the pharynx
the opening between the true vocal cords is the ______
the glottis plays an important role in ______
emphysema
abnormal permanent enlargement of air spaces distal to the te…
the larynx
what is located below the pharynx
34 terms
Respiratory Therapy Practical #1
Incentive Spirometry
Sustained Maximal Inspiration
Minute Volume / frequency = Tidal Volume
Minute Volume = Tidal Volume X frequency
I S
S M I
Formula for Tidal Volume using Wrights Respirometer
Formula for Minute Volume using Wrights Respirometer
Incentive Spirometry
I S
Sustained Maximal Inspiration
S M I
88 terms
respiratory therapy
Adult BP
Urine output
Heart rate
ICP
120/80
40 ml per hr
60-100 per minute
5-10 mmHG
Adult BP
120/80
Urine output
40 ml per hr
8 terms
Respiratory Therapy
Doctor's Orders
Six patient rights
The five "A's" of smoking cessation
Increase TPG... (Trams pulmonary pressure…
Type of therapy... Medication... Dose in mg/hr... Duration of treatment
Right dose... Right drug... Right patient... Right route... Right time... Ri…
Ask... Advise... Assess... Assist... Arrange
Decrease pleural pressure... or... Increase alveolar pressure
Doctor's Orders
Type of therapy... Medication... Dose in mg/hr... Duration of treatment
Six patient rights
Right dose... Right drug... Right patient... Right route... Right time... Ri…
34 terms
Respiratory therapy
Oxygen ordering include what 3?
Oxymask flow? (low flow)
1 liter starts at what % oxygen and go…
Venturi mask has how much liter flow?…
Type, route, and flow
1-15
24; 4
6-15
Oxygen ordering include what 3?
Type, route, and flow
Oxymask flow? (low flow)
1-15
35 terms
Respiratory therapy
Assessment data
Airway
Breathing
Circulation
airway, breathing, circulation
check for patency
check for breathing pattern-hypoventilation, hyperventilation…
level of consciousness is the first indicators of pulmonary d…
Assessment data
airway, breathing, circulation
Airway
check for patency
40 terms
Respiratory Therapy - Oxygen therapy vocab
apnea
atelectasis
bi-level positive airway pressure (BiP…
bradypnea
cessation of respiration
airlessness or collapse of a lung, usually as a result of hyp…
a noninvasive, ventilation-assistance modality that provides…
an abnormally slow respiratory rate, usually less than 10 res…
apnea
cessation of respiration
atelectasis
airlessness or collapse of a lung, usually as a result of hyp…
20 terms
Respiratory Therapy
What is the Interstitial Pulmonary Fib…
Pathophysiology of IPF.
Chest x-ray findings for IPF.
Diagnostics used to confirm IPF.
Excessive formation of connective tissue in the process of re…
Cellular infiltration, acute vasculitis, scar tissue, that ca…
elevated diaphragm, small lung, large heart, honeycomb appear…
Bronchoscopy, biopsy, PFT, history.
What is the Interstitial Pulmonary Fib…
Excessive formation of connective tissue in the process of re…
Pathophysiology of IPF.
Cellular infiltration, acute vasculitis, scar tissue, that ca…
30 terms
respiratory therapy
indications for aersol treatment
potential hazards of aersol therapy
bronchial hygiene
def. stability
1 humidifying dry gases... 2 bronchial hygiene... 3 delivering medi…
1 cross contamination... 2 bronchospasm... 3 fluid overload... 4 swell…
1 hydrate dried retained secretions... 2 restore n maintain muco…
aerosol's ability to remain in suspension for significant per…
indications for aersol treatment
1 humidifying dry gases... 2 bronchial hygiene... 3 delivering medi…
potential hazards of aersol therapy
1 cross contamination... 2 bronchospasm... 3 fluid overload... 4 swell…
56 terms
Respiratory therapy
Respiratory therapy
Career pathways
RCP requirements
Advanced training by RCP
•Basic goal: help clients breathe easier ... • prevention/treatm…
• two levels of practice ... • respiratory care practitioner (RC…
• graduation from 2 or 4 year program ... • program must be appr…
• sleep studies concerning apnea ... • metabolic assessments... • c…
Respiratory therapy
•Basic goal: help clients breathe easier ... • prevention/treatm…
Career pathways
• two levels of practice ... • respiratory care practitioner (RC…
5 terms
Respiratory Therapy
Diaphragmatic Breathing... (aka) abdomina…
CPAP Machine... (acronym for) continuous…
BiPAP Machine... (acronym for) bilevel po…
Ambu Bag... (aka) bag valve mask
-Relaxation technique used to relieve anxiety.
-Noninvasive ventilation device used in the treatment of slee…
-Like a CPAP machine; however, it can be set at a higher pres…
-Emergency resuscitator used to assist ventilation. ... -A flex…
Diaphragmatic Breathing... (aka) abdomina…
-Relaxation technique used to relieve anxiety.
CPAP Machine... (acronym for) continuous…
-Noninvasive ventilation device used in the treatment of slee…
20 terms
Respiratory Therapy
antitussive
bronchoconstriction
decongestant
expectorant
prevents coughing
narrowing of bronchi/airways by constriction of the smooth mu…
reduces swelling and congestion of mm
promotes coughing up of phlegm
antitussive
prevents coughing
bronchoconstriction
narrowing of bronchi/airways by constriction of the smooth mu…
11 terms
Respiratory therapy
Aerosol Therapy
endotracheal intubation
intermittent positive pressure breathi…
postural drainage
meds. suspended in a mist, intended to be inhaled. Delivered…
placin a tube through the mouth, through the glottis, and int…
assisting pt with breathing using a mask connected to a machi…
drainage of secretions from the bronchi by placing pt in a po…
Aerosol Therapy
meds. suspended in a mist, intended to be inhaled. Delivered…
endotracheal intubation
placin a tube through the mouth, through the glottis, and int…
38 terms
Respiratory Therapy
O2 therapy
O2
8 rights of drug admin
Characteristics of O2
A method of preventing or relieving tissue hypoxia
Is a drug, follow 8 rights of drug admin, its expensive
Dose, route, patient, time, response, reason, medication, doc…
Odorless, colorless, tasteless, doesnt burn or explode (unles…
O2 therapy
A method of preventing or relieving tissue hypoxia
O2
Is a drug, follow 8 rights of drug admin, its expensive
102 terms
Respiratory Therapy
Air bronchograms
Pulmonary abscess
Patchy infiltrates
Pneumothorax
Fluid in the small airway, typical of pneumonia, pulmonary ed…
Necrosis of the pulmonary tissue and formation of cavities
Common with ARDS, oxygen toxicity, pulmonary edema , Grayish…
Air in pleural space, dark appearance outside lung lining
Air bronchograms
Fluid in the small airway, typical of pneumonia, pulmonary ed…
Pulmonary abscess
Necrosis of the pulmonary tissue and formation of cavities
64 terms
Respiratory Therapy-Respiratory Failure
Respiratory failure
Normal pH, PCO2, and PO2... Respiratory f…
Causes of Respiratory Failure
Compliance
inability of lungs to maintain a normal PO2 and PCO2 in arter…
pH: 7.38-7.42 (normal), <7.25 (failure)... PCO2: 38-42 (normal),…
Hypoventilation... Decreased V/Q... Shunt... Flail chet... Muscle paralys…
Change in volume per unit of change in pressure... Liters over c…
Respiratory failure
inability of lungs to maintain a normal PO2 and PCO2 in arter…
Normal pH, PCO2, and PO2... Respiratory f…
pH: 7.38-7.42 (normal), <7.25 (failure)... PCO2: 38-42 (normal),…
30 terms
Respiratory Therapy
What are the advantages to an oxygen m…
What are the disadvantages to an oxyge…
What are the advantages to a nasal can…
What are the disadvantages to a nasal…
various sizes available, breathe through nose and mouth, pred…
skin irritation, fear of suffocation, difficult to control O2…
constant O2 while eating/drinking, observe face better
uncomfortable, can't give mist
What are the advantages to an oxygen m…
various sizes available, breathe through nose and mouth, pred…
What are the disadvantages to an oxyge…
skin irritation, fear of suffocation, difficult to control O2…
38 terms
Respiratory Therapy MTLL
Tidal Volume (TV)
Inspiratory reserve volume (IRV)
Expiratory reserve volume (ERV)
Residual volume (RV)
Amt. of air that enters the lungs in a single inhalation or l…
Air that can be forcibly inhaled after a normal respiration h…
The amt. of air that can be forcibly exhaled after a normal q…
the air remaining in the lungs after a forced exhalation.
Tidal Volume (TV)
Amt. of air that enters the lungs in a single inhalation or l…
Inspiratory reserve volume (IRV)
Air that can be forcibly inhaled after a normal respiration h…
71 terms
Respiratory Therapy
When is oxygen therapy indicated?
Causes of hypoxemia
Difference between alveolar oxygen pre…
Normal A-a Gradient
Acute respiratory distress w/ hypoxemia
- Decreased inspiration... - Hypoventilation... - V/Q (ventilation/…
PAO2-PaO2 (A-a Gradient)... - A = alveolar... - a = arterial
<10 mmHg
When is oxygen therapy indicated?
Acute respiratory distress w/ hypoxemia
Causes of hypoxemia
- Decreased inspiration... - Hypoventilation... - V/Q (ventilation/…
Respiratory Therapy
Patchy infiltrates
Indications for Oxygen therapy:
Assess the following before applying o…
Affects of Oxygen for those with hypox…
Common with ARDS, oxygen toxicity, pulmonary edema , Grayish…
VQ mismatch... Shortness of breath ... Hypoxemia ... Low PaO2 less tha…
Neurologic status ... Pulmonary status ... Cardiac status
Improves pulmonary vasoconstriction ... Relives shortness of bre…
Patchy infiltrates
Common with ARDS, oxygen toxicity, pulmonary edema , Grayish…
Indications for Oxygen therapy:
VQ mismatch... Shortness of breath ... Hypoxemia ... Low PaO2 less tha…
24 terms
Respiratory Therapy
What does antitussive mean?
What is bronchoconstriction mean?
What is brochodilation?
What does a decongestant do?
Blocks the cough reflex which suppresses the cough.
Narrowing of the bronchi/airways.
Dilation of the bronchi/airways.
Reduces swelling and congestion of mucous membranes.
What does antitussive mean?
Blocks the cough reflex which suppresses the cough.
What is bronchoconstriction mean?
Narrowing of the bronchi/airways.
107 terms
Respiratory Therapy Review
Low O2 Devices Criteria
O2 Bound to Hb
White Sputum
Yellow Sputum (Purulent)
1. RR < 25... 2. Constant Vt 300 - 700 ml... 3. Regular and consist…
- 1 g of Hb is capable of carrying 1.34 ml of O2
Normal
Infection
Low O2 Devices Criteria
1. RR < 25... 2. Constant Vt 300 - 700 ml... 3. Regular and consist…
O2 Bound to Hb
- 1 g of Hb is capable of carrying 1.34 ml of O2
13 terms
Respiratory Therapy Terminology
bronch/o
capn/o
cyan/o
laryng/o
bronchi
carbon dioxide
blue
larynx
bronch/o
bronchi
capn/o
carbon dioxide
95 terms
Respiratory Therapy Review
Urine output
Adult heart rate
Intracranial Pressure (ICP)
Diagnostic Chest percussion
40-60 mL/hr
60-100/min
5-10 mm Hg
Resonant
Urine output
40-60 mL/hr
Adult heart rate
60-100/min
22 terms
Respiratory Therapy Unit 3
Absolute Zero
What is the theory of absolute zero?
0 K = How much C?
0 C = How much K?
temperature at which all molecular activity ceases
a temperature should exist at which there is no kinetic energy
-273 degrees C
273K
Absolute Zero
temperature at which all molecular activity ceases
What is the theory of absolute zero?
a temperature should exist at which there is no kinetic energy
19 terms
Respiratory therapy drugs
Atrovent
Advair diskus
Azmacort
Flovent diskus
Ipratropium bromide
Salmeterol + fluticasone propionate
Triamcinolone acetonide
Fluticasone propionate
Atrovent
Ipratropium bromide
Advair diskus
Salmeterol + fluticasone propionate
12 terms
Respiratory Therapy-Oxygen Analyzers
Objectives of O2 analysis
Ideal O2 analyzer
Types of O2 analyzers
Polarographic analyzers
Determine FIO2 and correlate it to PaO2... Prevent Hypoxemia... Pre…
Accurate under varying conditions of temp, pressure, humidity…
Electrochemical... -Polarographic (Clarke Electrode)... -Galvanic C…
Clarke electrode (O2 electrode)... Needs batteries or electrical…
Objectives of O2 analysis
Determine FIO2 and correlate it to PaO2... Prevent Hypoxemia... Pre…
Ideal O2 analyzer
Accurate under varying conditions of temp, pressure, humidity…
10 terms
Respiratory Therapies
Albuterol/Ipratropium Inhaler (Combive…
Cromolyn Sodium Inhaler (Intal)
Montelukast (Singulair)
Theophylline
ANTI-ASTHMAS, OTHER... Side Effects: nervousness, hyperactivity,…
ANTI-ASTHMAS, OTHER... Side Effects: bronchospasm, cough, wheeze…
ANTI-ASTHMAS, OTHER... Side Effects: dizziness, HA, URI, fever,…
ANTI-ASTHMAS, OTHER... Side Effects: restlessness, palpitations,…
Albuterol/Ipratropium Inhaler (Combive…
ANTI-ASTHMAS, OTHER... Side Effects: nervousness, hyperactivity,…
Cromolyn Sodium Inhaler (Intal)
ANTI-ASTHMAS, OTHER... Side Effects: bronchospasm, cough, wheeze…
24 terms
Common Respiratory Therapy Medications
Spiriva
Atrovent
Tudorza
Combivent
Tiotropium Bromide
Ipratropium Bromide
Aclidinium Bromide
Ipratropium Bromide/Albuterol Sulfate
Spiriva
Tiotropium Bromide
Atrovent
Ipratropium Bromide
81 terms
Egan's Respiratory Therapy
Ventilation
Tidal Volume (Vt)
Elastance
Pressure Gradient
The process of moving gas (usually air) in and out of the lungs
The measured volume of either inspiration or expiration... To fi…
Distensibility of the lungs and thorax; elanstance is the rec…
Causes gas to flow into and out of the alveoli during breathing
Ventilation
The process of moving gas (usually air) in and out of the lungs
Tidal Volume (Vt)
The measured volume of either inspiration or expiration... To fi…
153 terms
Respiratory Therapy 141 - ABG
What is the partial pressure of oxygen…
What is the partial pressure of carbon…
What is the partial pressure of water…
What is the partial pressure of oxygen…
159 mm Hg
0.228mm Hg
47 mm Hg
149 mm Hg
What is the partial pressure of oxygen…
159 mm Hg
What is the partial pressure of carbon…
0.228mm Hg
33 terms
Respiratory Therapy Equations
Alveolar Oxygen Content
%Body Humidity
%Relative Humidity
Oxygen Consumption
PAO2= FIO2 (Pb-47) - (PaCO2/0.8)
(Absolute Humidity/43.8) x100
(AH/Saturated Capacity) x100
VO2= QT [C (a-v) O2] x 10
Alveolar Oxygen Content
PAO2= FIO2 (Pb-47) - (PaCO2/0.8)
%Body Humidity
(Absolute Humidity/43.8) x100
23 terms
Respiratory Therapies
What are the three classes of Respirat…
What are the three common respiratory…
What is a characteristic feature of As…
COPD includes what two diseases?
Leukotriene Inhibitors... Beta-2 Agonists... Steroidal Anti-inflamm…
Asthma... Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)... Allergic…
Hyper-responsive Airways
Emphysema and Chronic Bronchitis
What are the three classes of Respirat…
Leukotriene Inhibitors... Beta-2 Agonists... Steroidal Anti-inflamm…
What are the three common respiratory…
Asthma... Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)... Allergic…
42 terms
Respiratory Therapies
__________ is a chronic disease charac…
What are the three most common pulmona…
COPD includes __________ and _________…
_________________, characterized by it…
Asthma
Asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and all…
Emphysema; Chronic Bronchitis; 4th
Allergic rhinitis
__________ is a chronic disease charac…
Asthma
What are the three most common pulmona…
Asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and all…
28 terms
Respiratory Therapies
term for:... a tube going down the trache…
term for:... surgical procedure to examin…
term for:... sampling lung tissue that is…
term for: ... removing excess fluid in sp…
bronchoscopy
mediastinoscopy
lung biopsy
thoracentesis
term for:... a tube going down the trache…
bronchoscopy
term for:... surgical procedure to examin…
mediastinoscopy
30 terms
Respiratory Therapies
What are the three classes of Respirat…
What are the three common respiratory…
What is a characteristic feature of As…
COPD includes what two diseases? (4th…
Leukotriene inhibitors... Beta-2 agonists... Steroidal anti-inflamm…
Asthma... Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)... Allergic…
Hyper-responsive Airways
Emphysema and Chronic Bronchitis
What are the three classes of Respirat…
Leukotriene inhibitors... Beta-2 agonists... Steroidal anti-inflamm…
What are the three common respiratory…
Asthma... Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)... Allergic…
32 terms
Respiratory Therapy-Aerosol and Humidity Therapy
Molecular water
Aerosol
Absolute humidity
Relative humidity
Water vapor... Gaseous water... Cannot be seen... Cannot carry bacteria
A solid or liquid suspended in a gas... Particulate water... Visibl…
Content or actual weight of water present in a given volume o…
Ratio of content to capacity... Ratio of actual amount of water…
Molecular water
Water vapor... Gaseous water... Cannot be seen... Cannot carry bacteria
Aerosol
A solid or liquid suspended in a gas... Particulate water... Visibl…
27 terms
ATI respiratory oxygen therapy
respiratory drive is caused by
COPD respiratory drive
the desired oxygen concentration for p…
low flow system delivers oxygen______…
CO2 build up in blood stimulating respiratory center
low levels of oxygen in blood
100% with nonrebreather
at flow rates that Supplement* the o2 contained in the room…
respiratory drive is caused by
CO2 build up in blood stimulating respiratory center
COPD respiratory drive
low levels of oxygen in blood
112 terms
Respiratory Therapy Review
Low O2 Devices Criteria
O2 Bound to Hb
White Sputum
Yellow Sputum
1. RR < 25... 2. Constant Vt... 3. Regular and constant respiratory…
- 1 g of Hb is capable of carrying 1.34 ml of O2... - 1.34 x Hb…
Normal
Infection
Low O2 Devices Criteria
1. RR < 25... 2. Constant Vt... 3. Regular and constant respiratory…
O2 Bound to Hb
- 1 g of Hb is capable of carrying 1.34 ml of O2... - 1.34 x Hb…
9 terms
Respiratory Therapy-Final
Alveolar air equation
Normal arterial
Normal venous
Normal limits for PAO2, A-a gradient,…
PAO2=(BP-47)(FIO2)-PaCO2x1.25
pH=7.40... PaCO2=40mm Hg... PaO2=90 mm Hg... SaO2=97%... HCO3=24... BE=0... Hb=…
pH=7.37... PvO2=46 mm Hg... SvO2=75%... HCO3=24... BE=0... Hb=15 g/dL
PAO2 (not really an acceptable limit)... A-a gradient (PAO2-PaO2…
Alveolar air equation
PAO2=(BP-47)(FIO2)-PaCO2x1.25
Normal arterial
pH=7.40... PaCO2=40mm Hg... PaO2=90 mm Hg... SaO2=97%... HCO3=24... BE=0... Hb=…
69 terms
Respiratory Therapy Unit 5
Relative Humidity
Aerosol
Absolute Humidity
Nebulizer
The ratio that compares the (AH) absolute humidity present to…
Water in droplets (groups of liquid molecules) suspended in t…
Actual mass or content of water in a measured volume of air,…
A device that produces an aerosol suspension of liquid partic…
Relative Humidity
The ratio that compares the (AH) absolute humidity present to…
Aerosol
Water in droplets (groups of liquid molecules) suspended in t…
20 terms
Respiratory Therapy 1010 Lung Volumes
6,000
3,600
2,400
4,800
Total Lung Capacity is how many ml?
Inspiratory Capacity is how many ml?
Functional Residual Capacity is how many ml?
Vital Capacity is how many ml?
6,000
Total Lung Capacity is how many ml?
3,600
Inspiratory Capacity is how many ml?
20 terms
Respiratory Therapy Concept Test
muscles inspiratory or expiratory soun…
difficulty breathing when lying supine
shape of thorax associated with emphys…
Chest pain typical of acute cornorary…
Wheezes
Orthopnea
Barrel Chest
Angia
muscles inspiratory or expiratory soun…
Wheezes
difficulty breathing when lying supine
Orthopnea
33 terms
Respiratory Therapy Equations
Alveolar Oxygen Content
%Body Humidity
%Relative Humidity
Oxygen Consumption
PAO2= FIO2 (Pb-47) - (PaCO2/0.8)
(Absolute Humidity/43.8) x100
(AH/Saturated Capacity) x100
VO2= QT [C (a-v) O2] x 10
Alveolar Oxygen Content
PAO2= FIO2 (Pb-47) - (PaCO2/0.8)
%Body Humidity
(Absolute Humidity/43.8) x100
21 terms
Respiratory Therapy History
Robert Boyle
Antoine Lavoisier
John Haldane
Philip Drinker
If temperature is kept at a constant the pressure and volume…
Named oxygen a gas and named it respiration
CO2 is what makes us breathe
Iron lung
Robert Boyle
If temperature is kept at a constant the pressure and volume…
Antoine Lavoisier
Named oxygen a gas and named it respiration
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