Study sets matching "respiratory"

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Study sets matching "respiratory"

47 terms
Respiratory
External nares
Arytenoid
Bronchiole
Corniculate
Identify the opening
Identify the structure
Identify the structure
Identify the structure
External nares
Identify the opening
Arytenoid
Identify the structure
24 terms
Respiratory
alveoli (sing. alveolus)
bronchi
diaphragm
epiglottis
The tubes that lead directly into the lungs, branching into s…
Airways in the lungs that lead from the trachea to the bronch…
The dome-shaped muscle below the lungs that contracts, creati…
A small flap of cartilage at the top of the larynx. When you…
alveoli (sing. alveolus)
The tubes that lead directly into the lungs, branching into s…
bronchi
Airways in the lungs that lead from the trachea to the bronch…
74 terms
Respiratory
Croup
Acute Bronchitis
Acute Bronchiolitis
Bacterial Pneumonia
Symptoms: Childhood disease. Barking, seal-like cough, strido…
Symptoms: fever, chills, fatigue, congestion, persistent coug…
Symptoms: younger than two, wheezing, +/- respiratory distres…
Symptoms: Productive cough, moderate-high fever, night sweats…
Croup
Symptoms: Childhood disease. Barking, seal-like cough, strido…
Acute Bronchitis
Symptoms: fever, chills, fatigue, congestion, persistent coug…
Respiratory
Respiration
Ventilation
External respiration
Transport
process of exchanging gasses between the atmosphere and body…
the movement of air in and out of the lungs... controlled by the…
the exchange of gases between the lungs and bloodstream
The movement of gas via blood through the body
Respiration
process of exchanging gasses between the atmosphere and body…
Ventilation
the movement of air in and out of the lungs... controlled by the…
15 terms
Respiratory
Bronchoil/o
Epiglott/o
Nas/o
Rhin/o
bronchiole
epiglottis
nose
nose
Bronchoil/o
bronchiole
Epiglott/o
epiglottis
28 terms
Respiratory
voicebox
windpipe
throat
diaphragm
larynx
trachea
pharynx
muscle supplied by the phrenic nerve
voicebox
larynx
windpipe
trachea
80 terms
Respiratory
Hemoptysis
oral care for trach/vented pt's
Know ABG values
orthopnea
blood in sputum
use NS with swab Q4 hrs and PRN... -avoid glycerin swabs, mouth…
pH 7.35-7.45... CO2 35-45... HCO3 21-28
SOB that occurs when lying down but is relieved by sitting up
Hemoptysis
blood in sputum
oral care for trach/vented pt's
use NS with swab Q4 hrs and PRN... -avoid glycerin swabs, mouth…
respiratory
tree, alveoli, capillaries
Passive transport, Diffusion
respiratory
Nose... Pharynx... Larynx
The basic plan of the respiratory system would be similar to…
Which transport process is responsible for the exchange of ga…
The cardiovascular system cannot function without the _______…
The upper respiratory tract contains the:
tree, alveoli, capillaries
The basic plan of the respiratory system would be similar to…
Passive transport, Diffusion
Which transport process is responsible for the exchange of ga…
Respiratory
Theophylline
Omlizumab
Montelukast... Zafirlukast
Zileuton
Bronchodilation via inhibiting PDE --> increases cAMP levels…
Binds unbound serum IgE and blocks binding to FcERI ... Used in…
Blocks leukotriene receptors... Good for aspirin induced asthma
5 lipoxygenase pathway inhibitor... Blocks conversion of arachin…
Theophylline
Bronchodilation via inhibiting PDE --> increases cAMP levels…
Omlizumab
Binds unbound serum IgE and blocks binding to FcERI ... Used in…
Respiratory
Normal Adult
Barrel Chest
Funnel Chest (Pectus Excavatum)
Pigeon Chest (Pectus Carinatum)
The thorax in the normal adult is wider than it is deep. Its…
There is an increased anteroposterior diameter. This shape is…
Note depression in the lower portion of the sternum. Compress…
The sternum is displaced anteriorly, increasing the anteropos…
Normal Adult
The thorax in the normal adult is wider than it is deep. Its…
Barrel Chest
There is an increased anteroposterior diameter. This shape is…
37 terms
Respiratory
Upper Airway
Function of Upper Airway
Lower Airway
2 Anatomic Structure that do Gas Excha…
Nose... Sinuses... Pharynx... Epiglottis... Larynx... Trachea... Carina
Filters, Warms, and Humidifies Air
2 Lungs (right 3 lobes Left 2 lobes)... Bronchi (right and left…
Respiratory Bronchioles... Alveoli
Upper Airway
Nose... Sinuses... Pharynx... Epiglottis... Larynx... Trachea... Carina
Function of Upper Airway
Filters, Warms, and Humidifies Air
Respiratory
pleuritic pain
location of pleuritic pain
examples of pleuritic pain
tracheobronchitis pain
inflammation of parietal pleura... -severe, sharp, knife-like, p…
chest wall overlying the process
pneumonia, pulmonary infarction, trauma, neoplasm
inflammation of trachea and large bronchi... -burning, mild-mode…
pleuritic pain
inflammation of parietal pleura... -severe, sharp, knife-like, p…
location of pleuritic pain
chest wall overlying the process
Respiratory
Seven P's of rapid intubation
Repiratory Acidosis
Repiratory Alkalosis
Metabolic acidosis
1. Prepare -IV, gather equipment... 2. Preoxygentation- 100% oxy…
-hypoventilation... -asphyxia... -Retention of CO2... -headache... -dizzi…
-Hyperventilation... -gram-negative bacteria... -signs of hypocalce…
-increased systemic acids (DKA, lactic acidosis, hypoxia)... -de…
Seven P's of rapid intubation
1. Prepare -IV, gather equipment... 2. Preoxygentation- 100% oxy…
Repiratory Acidosis
-hypoventilation... -asphyxia... -Retention of CO2... -headache... -dizzi…
217 terms
Respiratory
pulmonary ventilation
external respiration
which process crosses between the resp…
transport of O2 and CO2 is part of wha…
movement of air into and out of lungs
exchange of O2 and CO2 between the lungs and the blood
external respiration
circulatory system
pulmonary ventilation
movement of air into and out of lungs
external respiration
exchange of O2 and CO2 between the lungs and the blood
57 terms
Respiratory
Aging
Patient Hx
What does respiratory distress look li…
Psychosocial Assessment
Alveoli surface area decr, Ability to cough decr, Airways clo…
Family & personal data > strong familial connection ... Smoking…
Reported sx: cough, sputum, dyspnea, pleuritic chest pain, he…
Stress may worsen some respiratory problems... Chronic respirato…
Aging
Alveoli surface area decr, Ability to cough decr, Airways clo…
Patient Hx
Family & personal data > strong familial connection ... Smoking…
185 terms
Respiratory
When talking about the respiratory sys…
There are 3 main portions of the respi…
•ability to move air in and out of the…
• The gas exchange that supplies oxyge…
Respiratory System
1. Upper airway... 2. Lower airway... 3. Terminal alveoli
Ventilation
Respiration
When talking about the respiratory sys…
Respiratory System
There are 3 main portions of the respi…
1. Upper airway... 2. Lower airway... 3. Terminal alveoli
Respiratory
What are the structures of the pulmona…
What makes up the conducting system of…
larynx
bronchiole layers
upper airways... two lungs... lower airways... blood vessels servin…
- provide passage and movement of air into and out of the gas…
end-larynx and its surround triangular shaped bony and cartil…
epithelial lining, smooth muscle layer, connective tissue lay…
What are the structures of the pulmona…
upper airways... two lungs... lower airways... blood vessels servin…
What makes up the conducting system of…
- provide passage and movement of air into and out of the gas…
Respiratory ****
nostrils
nasal cavity with nasal conchae
trachea
pharynx
c-rings of cartilage
nostrils
nasal cavity with nasal conchae
58 terms
Respiratory
Nostril
Nasal septum
Perpendicular plate
Vomer
Nostril
Nasal septum
11 terms
Respiratory
Thoracentesis
Epiglottis
Chest Tube and its 3 chambers
fenestrated tube
**to remove fluid, instill medication in the plueral space, o…
small flap that prevents food and liquid to go through the lu…
to remove air fluid from pleural cavity... -3 Chambers:... 1. Coll…
-an opening along the posterior wall of the outer cannula ... -w…
Thoracentesis
**to remove fluid, instill medication in the plueral space, o…
Epiglottis
small flap that prevents food and liquid to go through the lu…
Respiratory
Frontal sinus
spheniod sinus
Nasal septum
superior concha
Frontal sinus
spheniod sinus
Respiratory
Organs of the Respiratory System
Functions of the Respiratory System
The Nose
Nasal Cavity
Nose... Pharynx... Larynx... Trachea... Bronchi... Lungs—alveoli
Gas exchanges between the blood and external environment ... Oc…
Only externally visible part of the respiratory system... Air e…
Olfactory receptors are located in the mucosa on the superior…
Organs of the Respiratory System
Nose... Pharynx... Larynx... Trachea... Bronchi... Lungs—alveoli
Functions of the Respiratory System
Gas exchanges between the blood and external environment ... Oc…
298 terms
Respiratory
External respiration
Internal respirations
Nose
Pharynx
Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the Longs and t…
Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide at the cellular level.…
Air enters respiratory tract through the nose. Here is filter…
THROAT
External respiration
Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the Longs and t…
Internal respirations
Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide at the cellular level.…
37 terms
Respiratory
Conducting portion
purpose of the ridges in the nasal cav…
olfactory area
olfactory neurons
nasal cavity to terminal bronchiole... for sterilizing, conduct…
causes the air to roil as it comes in, exposing stuff in it t…
in humans, responsible for smell.... pseudostratified ciliated…
found in the olfactory area. They have ciliated dendrites tha…
Conducting portion
nasal cavity to terminal bronchiole... for sterilizing, conduct…
purpose of the ridges in the nasal cav…
causes the air to roil as it comes in, exposing stuff in it t…
119 terms
Respiratory
Nitrogen 78%, oxygen 21%, carbon dioxi…
4%
Troposphere
Tropopause
What are the three most common atmospheric gases and their pe…
What is the percentage of water vapor at 100% humidity?
What is the name of our atmosphere which is the medium of our…
The temperature begins to increase as you ascend in this atmo…
Nitrogen 78%, oxygen 21%, carbon dioxi…
What are the three most common atmospheric gases and their pe…
4%
What is the percentage of water vapor at 100% humidity?
48 terms
Respiratory
Frontal sinus
Sphenoid sinus
Superior nasal concha
Middle nasal concha
1
Frontal sinus
1
Sphenoid sinus
Respiratory
PRIMARY FUNCTIONS
Respiration
Cellular respiration
Upper Respiratory Tract
Exchange gases (oxygen and CO2)... Produce vocal sounds... Sense of…
- process of gas exchange... 1. Movement of air into lungs... 2. Ex…
cells use oxygen and sugars to create energy in the form of A…
nose, nasal cavity, sinuses, pharynx
PRIMARY FUNCTIONS
Exchange gases (oxygen and CO2)... Produce vocal sounds... Sense of…
Respiration
- process of gas exchange... 1. Movement of air into lungs... 2. Ex…
Respiratory
alveol/o
anthrac/o
atel/o
bronch/o
alveolus; air sac
coal
imcomplete
bronchus
alveol/o
alveolus; air sac
anthrac/o
coal
34 terms
Respiratory
upper respiratory
lower respiratory
nose and nasal cavity
auditory tube
nose and nasal cavities... paranasal sinuses... pharynx
respiratory and conductive portion... respiratory starts at nose…
nose = main conducting airway... nasal bones = paired nasal bone…
links nasopharynx to middle ear
upper respiratory
nose and nasal cavities... paranasal sinuses... pharynx
lower respiratory
respiratory and conductive portion... respiratory starts at nose…
Respiratory
naris
above hard palet
divides left & right sides
nasal turbinates
(Upper Respiratory)... External nares
(Upper Respiratory)... nasal cavity
(Upper Respiratory)... nasal septum
naris
(Upper Respiratory)... External nares
above hard palet
(Upper Respiratory)... nasal cavity
34 terms
Respiratory
Nasal conchae
Pharynx
Larynx
Epiglottis
Nasal conchae
Pharynx
92 terms
Respiratory
upper respiratory tract contains
Lower respiratory tract contains
Vestibule
Hard palate
Pharynx and Larynx
Trachea, left/right bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli
area just inside nasal cavity
bony front part of palate
upper respiratory tract contains
Pharynx and Larynx
Lower respiratory tract contains
Trachea, left/right bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli
51 terms
respiratory
frontal sinus
sphenoidal sinus
external nares
internal nares
frontal sinus
sphenoidal sinus
44 terms
respiratory
external nares
nasal cavity
middle nasal concha
inferior nasal concha
external nares
nasal cavity
7 terms
Respiratory
Nasal Cavity
Frontal sinus
Nostril
Frontal sinus
Region at A
Space at A
Opening at A
Space at A
Nasal Cavity
Region at A
Frontal sinus
Space at A
121 terms
Respiratory
ARDS
Apnea
Atelectasis
COPD
(Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome) Condition in which flui…
cessation of breathing
partial or complete collapse of the lung
(Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) chronic obstruction o…
ARDS
(Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome) Condition in which flui…
Apnea
cessation of breathing
81 terms
Respiratory
Nasal septum
Nasal septum
Vomer
Superior nasal concha
Nasal septum
Nasal septum
respiratory
inhalational induction and FRC
closing capacity
say closing capacity higher than FRC...
what increases closing capacity
decreased FRC leads to faster induction due to decreased RV
dynamic volume at which airway closure and shunting happen.
shunting happens with TV breathing
age, smoking, surgery
inhalational induction and FRC
decreased FRC leads to faster induction due to decreased RV
closing capacity
dynamic volume at which airway closure and shunting happen.
Respiratory
Nasopharynx
Oropharynx
Hard palate
Maxilla
the upper part of the pharynx, connecting with the nasal cavi…
The oropharynx is the middle part of the pharynx (throat) beh…
Nasopharynx
the upper part of the pharynx, connecting with the nasal cavi…
Oropharynx
The oropharynx is the middle part of the pharynx (throat) beh…
44 terms
Respiratory
Nasal cavity
External nares
Internal nares (Choanae)
Superior Conchae
What area is the box?
Nasal cavity
What area is the box?
External nares
46 terms
Respiratory
Nostrils
Nasal cavity
Superior nasal conchae
Middle nasal conchae
Nostrils
Nasal cavity
59 terms
Respiratory
larynx
trachea
superior (Upper) lobe bronchus
right primary bronchus
Identify # 1
Identify # 2
Identify # 3
Identify # 4
larynx
Identify # 1
trachea
Identify # 2
respiratory
sphenoidal sinus
frontal sinus
external nares
internal nares
sphenoidal sinus
frontal sinus
30 terms
Respiratory
respiratory epithelium
olfactory epithelium
kulchitsky cells
adam's apple is made up of
= conducting epithelium (no gas exchange)... pseudostratified, c…
found only on top of nasal cavity... regenerative capability tha…
= enteroendocrine cells... release catecholamine, serotonin, cal…
larynx = thyroid and cricoid cartilage
respiratory epithelium
= conducting epithelium (no gas exchange)... pseudostratified, c…
olfactory epithelium
found only on top of nasal cavity... regenerative capability tha…
14 terms
Respiratory
respiratory system
nose
trachea
bronchi
A collection of organs whose primary functions is to take in…
region of head where air is brought into the body. Responsibl…
Allows air to pass to and from the lungs; wind pipe.
tubes that lead from the trachea to the lungs
respiratory system
A collection of organs whose primary functions is to take in…
nose
region of head where air is brought into the body. Responsibl…
48 terms
Respiratory
Frontal Sinus
Ethmoid Sinus
Sphenoid Sinus
Maxillary Sinus
Frontal Sinus
Ethmoid Sinus
168 terms
Respiratory
Nursing interventions for weaning a pa…
V/Q ratio; What is a shunt?... What are c…
V/Q Ratio: What is dead space?... What ar…
V/Q ratio: what is Silent unit?... Causes?
1. Monitor V/S- RR, HR, Temp, Pulse ox... 2. ABG's... 3. S/S hypoxi…
Perfusion exceeds ventilation, blood passes the alveolus with…
Ventilation exceeds perfusion; alveoli do not have enough blo…
Absence or limited ventilation or perfusion ... - pneumothorax o…
Nursing interventions for weaning a pa…
1. Monitor V/S- RR, HR, Temp, Pulse ox... 2. ABG's... 3. S/S hypoxi…
V/Q ratio; What is a shunt?... What are c…
Perfusion exceeds ventilation, blood passes the alveolus with…
58 terms
Respiratory
External Nares
Vestibule
Nasal septum
Superior nasal conchae
External Nares
Vestibule
64 terms
Respiratory
OBJECTIVES
Common Respiratory Symptoms
Cough
Acute vs Chronic Cough
1. Discuss the evaluation of patients presenting with common…
Cough... Dyspnea... Wheezing... Hemoptysis
Protective mechanism for clearing airways of secretions and i…
Acute: < 3 weeks... Most common reason is infection... Fever, hemop…
OBJECTIVES
1. Discuss the evaluation of patients presenting with common…
Common Respiratory Symptoms
Cough... Dyspnea... Wheezing... Hemoptysis
108 terms
respiratory
respiratory system
upper respiratory system
lower respiratory system
respiratory tract
A system of organs, functioning in the process of gas exchang…
consists of the nose, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and pha…
the larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe), bronchi, bronchio…
refers to the passageways that carry air to and from the exch…
respiratory system
A system of organs, functioning in the process of gas exchang…
upper respiratory system
consists of the nose, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and pha…
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