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Study sets matching "review cells biology"

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Study sets matching "review cells biology"

34 terms
Biology Review: Cells
Cell theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
Prokaryotic cell
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Small structures within cells that perform specific functions…
A type of cell that does not contain (have) a nucleus
Cell theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
80 terms
Cell Biology Review
proteins
cytosol and cytoskeleton
cilia
rough endoplasmic reticulum
Which type of molecules in the plasma membrane act as recepto…
What are the two parts of the cytoplasm?
cells that are specialized for absorption usually have small…
organelle that has attached ribosomes and carries out protein…
proteins
Which type of molecules in the plasma membrane act as recepto…
cytosol and cytoskeleton
What are the two parts of the cytoplasm?
31 terms
Biology SOL Review - Cells
Cell
Unicellular
Multicellular
Flagella
basic unit of life
organism made of one cell
organism made of many cells
any of various elongated filiform appendages of plants or ani…
Cell
basic unit of life
Unicellular
organism made of one cell
11 terms
Biology AIR Review: Cells
Cellular respiration
Cell theory
Diffusion
Equilibrium
an essential structural component of living cells and source…
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
process by which molecules tend to move from an area where th…
result of diffusion where there is continuous movement of par…
Cellular respiration
an essential structural component of living cells and source…
Cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
58 terms
Biology EOC Review: Cells
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic cell
Organelles
Cytoplasm
contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
do not contain a nucleus nor do they have membrane bound orga…
tiny structures inside a cell that carry out processes of life
thick fluid, mostly made of water, that fills the inside of t…
Eukaryotic cell
contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Prokaryotic cell
do not contain a nucleus nor do they have membrane bound orga…
27 terms
Biology Review: Cell Growth & Division
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cell cytoplasm
A long, continuous thread of DNA containing many genes and re…
Cell cycle
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
42 terms
Cell Review, Biology Unit 3
diffusion
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
hypertonic
The movement of particles from an area of higher concentratio…
The diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membra…
The diffusion of molecules through a protein channel.
This is when the solution outside the cell has a HIGHER conce…
diffusion
The movement of particles from an area of higher concentratio…
osmosis
The diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membra…
23 terms
Biology SOL Review - Cell Division
Centriole
Chromosome
Haploid
Diploid
one of two small cylindrical cell organelles composes of 9 tr…
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes…
an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice t…
Centriole
one of two small cylindrical cell organelles composes of 9 tr…
Chromosome
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes…
16 terms
Biology EOC Review - Cell Biology
Cellular membrane
Cellular Respiration
Chloroplast
Chromosome
The biological membrane separating the interior of a cell fro…
The process by which molecules are converted into useable ene…
An organelle found only in plants and photosynthetic protists…
An organized structure of DNA and supporting regulatory prote…
Cellular membrane
The biological membrane separating the interior of a cell fro…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which molecules are converted into useable ene…
32 terms
Biology: Cell Cycle Review
In what part of a eukaryotic cell is D…
Which type of biomolecule is DNA?
What is the monomer of a DNA molecule…
What are the three parts of a nucleoti…
Nucleus
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose sugar... Phosphate... Nitrogen base ( A, T, C or G)
In what part of a eukaryotic cell is D…
Nucleus
Which type of biomolecule is DNA?
Nucleic Acid
46 terms
Biology Review for Cells
Enzyme Structure
Cellulose Structure
Phospholipid Structure
Protein Structure
it indicates and creates substrates
it indicates use in cell walls
it indicates use in cell membranes
it has many varieties in shape that indicate function
Enzyme Structure
it indicates and creates substrates
Cellulose Structure
it indicates use in cell walls
37 terms
Biology Cell Test Review
List the 3 parts of the cell theory:
Describe the discovery: Anton van Leeu…
Describe the discovery: Robert Hooke
Describe the discovery: Matthias Schle…
1) all living things are made of cells... 2) cells are the basic…
discovered tiny organisms in pond water - called them animacu…
looked at cork cell chambers and coined the term "cells"
all plants are made of cells
List the 3 parts of the cell theory:
1) all living things are made of cells... 2) cells are the basic…
Describe the discovery: Anton van Leeu…
discovered tiny organisms in pond water - called them animacu…
47 terms
Biology Review cells
Taxonomy Order (Biggest to Smallest)
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Ribosome
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and s…
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; m…
Taxonomy Order (Biggest to Smallest)
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Cell Wall
strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and s…
27 terms
Biology Cells Review
Cell Theory
Against the Cell Theory: Striated Muscle
Against the Cell Theory: Asepate Funga…
Against the Cell Theory: Giant Algae
- All Living things are composed of cells... - Cells are the bas…
Does not have separate cell, the nuclei are spread around
Instead of sectioned they are long tubes
Also have a multiple nucleus's
Cell Theory
- All Living things are composed of cells... - Cells are the bas…
Against the Cell Theory: Striated Muscle
Does not have separate cell, the nuclei are spread around
53 terms
Cell Biology Exam Review
The first step of the Scientific Metho…
Information gathered from observing a…
You suggested that presence of water c…
Hypotheses derive from
Stating the Problem
Data
Hypothesis
logical inferences
The first step of the Scientific Metho…
Stating the Problem
Information gathered from observing a…
Data
15 terms
Biology cell review
Cytoskeleton
Golgi Apparatus
Smooth ER
Rough ER
A microscopic network of protein filaments and tubules in the…
A complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytopla…
An organelle found in both animal and plant cells. Make cellu…
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm.
Cytoskeleton
A microscopic network of protein filaments and tubules in the…
Golgi Apparatus
A complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytopla…
Cell Biology Review
Cell Membrane
Phospholipid Bilayer
Membrane Proteins
Membrane Carb
double layer of phospholipid bilayer
barrier to anything to hydrophilic. Anything that is hydropho…
1. Anchoring Protein : attach to inside or outside structures…
sticky coat... Function: lubrication, anchoring and locomotion,…
Cell Membrane
double layer of phospholipid bilayer
Phospholipid Bilayer
barrier to anything to hydrophilic. Anything that is hydropho…
183 terms
Cell Biology 1 Review
What limits the diffusion in a biomemb…
TGF Beta signaling
Wnt Signaling
Arachidonate Metabolism
Tight junctions, lipid rafts, cytoskeletal attachments
-transforming growth factor beta... -high signaling when disease…
-increases B catenin (high ECM)... -inhibited by sFRPI (increase…
-forms specialized dimers... -inhibited by NSAIDS (anti inflamma…
What limits the diffusion in a biomemb…
Tight junctions, lipid rafts, cytoskeletal attachments
TGF Beta signaling
-transforming growth factor beta... -high signaling when disease…
33 terms
Biology Final Review- Cells
Cell Theory
Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
Plasma Membrane
all living things are made of cells; cells are the basic unit…
complex cells that have a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles
cells that DO NOT have a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles
surrounds cell; maintains homeostasis; is selectively permeable
Cell Theory
all living things are made of cells; cells are the basic unit…
Eukaryotes
complex cells that have a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles
97 terms
Biology--"Cells"
Robert Hooke
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Organisms
first person to see a cell; named cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
Bacteria
Robert Hooke
first person to see a cell; named cells
Eukaryotic Cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
28 terms
Cell review for Biology 621
chloroplasts
cell wall
passive transport
active transport
organelles found in plant cells and eukaryotic algae that con…
a rigid structure that provides shape and support for the pla…
movement of materials without the use of the cell's energy
the movement of ions or molecules across a cellular membrane…
chloroplasts
organelles found in plant cells and eukaryotic algae that con…
cell wall
a rigid structure that provides shape and support for the pla…
31 terms
Biology SOL Review - Cells
Cell
Unicellular
Multicellular
Flagella
basic unit of life
organism made of one cell
organism made of many cells
any of various elongated filiform appendages of plants or ani…
Cell
basic unit of life
Unicellular
organism made of one cell
14 terms
Biology- Cell Parts Review
nucleus
ribosomes
cell membrane
cell wall
controls the functioning of the cell and contains the DNA
make the proteins and structures of the cell
the outer layer of the cell that allows things to enter and e…
the outer- most layer of the cell that provide rigidity and p…
nucleus
controls the functioning of the cell and contains the DNA
ribosomes
make the proteins and structures of the cell
Biology EOC Review: Cells
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic cell
Organelles
Cytoplasm
contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
do not contain a nucleus nor do they have membrane bound orga…
tiny structures inside a cell that carry out processes of life
thick fluid, mostly made of water, that fills the inside of t…
Eukaryotic cell
contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Prokaryotic cell
do not contain a nucleus nor do they have membrane bound orga…
34 terms
Cell Biology Exam Review
cell theory
cell theory
cell theory
prokaryotes
all living things are made up of more than one cell
cells are basic units of life
cells come from other living cells
simplest of all living cells
cell theory
all living things are made up of more than one cell
cell theory
cells are basic units of life
39 terms
Biology Cells Review
cell theory
nucleus
cytoplasm/cytoskeleton
cell wall
the theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
functions to help a cell keep its shape as the organelles flo…
supports and protects the cell
cell theory
the theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
nucleus
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
15 terms
Biology/Cells Final Review
Eukaryotic
Prokaryotic
Mitochondria
ATP
A cell with a nucleus
A cell with no nucleus
Organelle that breaks down sugar to make energy
Stored form of energy. The body's currency
Eukaryotic
A cell with a nucleus
Prokaryotic
A cell with no nucleus
37 terms
Biology 2nd Midterm Review: Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Phospholipid Bilayer
Elodea was placed in a Hypertonic Solu…
Cells that contain a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cells that do not contain a nucleus or membrane bound organel…
Why did the Chloroplasts in this Elodea move into the middle…
Eukaryotic Cells
Cells that contain a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Prokaryotic Cells
Cells that do not contain a nucleus or membrane bound organel…
25 terms
AP Biology cell review
nuclear envelope
ribosomes
free ribosomes
bound ribosomes
double membrane, regulates the entry and and exit of most pro…
carry out protein synthesis.
suspended in the cytosol
attached to the outside of the endoplasmic reticulum or nucle…
nuclear envelope
double membrane, regulates the entry and and exit of most pro…
ribosomes
carry out protein synthesis.
35 terms
Biology Review - CELLS
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Cells with a nucleus (and other membrane-bound organelles)
Cells that do not have a nucleus (or any other membrane-bound…
Double-membrane bound organelle that houses the cell's geneti…
Double-membrane bound organelle that is responsible for the c…
Eukaryotic Cells
Cells with a nucleus (and other membrane-bound organelles)
Prokaryotic Cells
Cells that do not have a nucleus (or any other membrane-bound…
45 terms
Biology-Cells-Test Review
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
Theodore Schwann
who saw tiny chambers in a piece of cork under a microscope (…
who first viewed pond water, red blood cells, and saw tiny or…
who observed plants under a microscopes and concluded that al…
who observed animal parts under a microscopes and concluded t…
Robert Hooke
who saw tiny chambers in a piece of cork under a microscope (…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
who first viewed pond water, red blood cells, and saw tiny or…
70 terms
Biology EOC Review: Cells
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic cell
Organelles
Cytoplasm
contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
do not contain a nucleus nor do they have membrane bound orga…
tiny structures inside a cell that carry out processes of life
thick fluid, mostly made of water, that fills the inside of t…
Eukaryotic cell
contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Prokaryotic cell
do not contain a nucleus nor do they have membrane bound orga…
19 terms
#4 BIOLOGY ECA REVIEW cells
b) microfilaments
golgi apparatus
C - rough endoplasmic reticulum
c) prokaryotic cells have no nucleus
b) microfilaments
golgi apparatus
16 terms
Cell Division Review (Biology)
Cytokinesis
Spindle
A chromosome consists of two identical…
Series of events a cell goes through a…
Division of the cytoplasm
Structure made of fibers that help to move chromosomes during…
Chromatids
Cycle
Cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm
Spindle
Structure made of fibers that help to move chromosomes during…
Biology Review - Cell Anatomy
Cellulose
Chloroplast
Chlorophyll
Golgi Apparatus
Sugar that plant cell walls are made of, inedible
Organelle involved in photosynthesis
Chemical involved in photosynthesis
Proteins go here to exit the cell
Cellulose
Sugar that plant cell walls are made of, inedible
Chloroplast
Organelle involved in photosynthesis
42 terms
AP Biology Review: Cells
organelle
nucleoid
peripheral proteins
integral proteins
Any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
An irregularly shaped region within the cell of a prokaryote…
Membrane proteins that adhere only temporarily to the biologi…
A type of membrane protein that is permanently attached to th…
organelle
Any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
nucleoid
An irregularly shaped region within the cell of a prokaryote…
16 terms
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
A semi-rigid structure that surrounds plant cells.
The fluid portion of a cell's interior. The cells organelles…
Cell
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
Cell Membrane
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
24 terms
Biology - Cells
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Centriole
Cilia
Controls what enters and leaves the cell.
Rigid outer layer of a plant cell.
Made of micro tubules that function during cell division.
Numerous projections that look like hairs.
Cell Membrane
Controls what enters and leaves the cell.
Cell Wall
Rigid outer layer of a plant cell.
62 terms
Review of Cell Biology
What components make up a cell?
Inorganic compounds
What percentage of body mass is compos…
Role of water in the cell
Inorganic compounds, Organic compounds (macromolecules), Nucl…
Water, Salts
70 to 80 %
Solvent of acids, bases, and salts. Acts as a medium to trans…
What components make up a cell?
Inorganic compounds, Organic compounds (macromolecules), Nucl…
Inorganic compounds
Water, Salts
97 terms
Biology--"Cells"
Robert Hooke
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Organisms
first person to see a cell; named cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
Bacteria
Robert Hooke
first person to see a cell; named cells
Eukaryotic Cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
84 terms
Biology Review: Cells
Cell theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
Prokaryotic cell
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Small structures within cells that perform specific functions…
A type of cell that does not contain (have) a nucleus
Cell theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
51 terms
Cell Biology
Active Transport
Anaerobic respiration
Aerobic respiration
Catalyst
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Respiration that does not require oxygen
Respiration that requires oxygen
A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being…
Active Transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Anaerobic respiration
Respiration that does not require oxygen
21 terms
Biology: Cell Cycle Review
In what part of a eukaryotic cell is D…
Which type of biomolecule is DNA?
What is the monomer of a DNA molecule…
What are the three parts of a nucleoti…
Nucleus
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose sugar... Phosphate... Nitrogen base ( A, T, C or G)
In what part of a eukaryotic cell is D…
Nucleus
Which type of biomolecule is DNA?
Nucleic Acid
18 terms
Biology (Cells)
two major types of cells in the human…
prokaryotic cells such as bacteria and…
eukaryotic cells such as protozoa, fun…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells both…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
no nucleus, DNA is contained in the nucleoid, unicellular, as…
nucleus, DNA is contained in the nucleous, multicellar, can b…
cell walls, plasma membranes, cytoplasm, organelles, flagella…
two major types of cells in the human…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells such as bacteria and…
no nucleus, DNA is contained in the nucleoid, unicellular, as…
17 terms
Biology Cell Review
What are the three part of cell theory?
Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic
Plant vs Animal cells
Cell Membrane
Cells are the basic unit of life, New cells are made from old…
Eukaryotic cells contain membrane-bound cells while Prokaryot…
Plant cells have chloroplasts, a cell wall, and a large vacuo…
Let's smaller cells in and out of the cell, the heads tails a…
What are the three part of cell theory?
Cells are the basic unit of life, New cells are made from old…
Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic
Eukaryotic cells contain membrane-bound cells while Prokaryot…
15 terms
STAAR Biology Review Cell Structures
Golgi Body
Chloroplast
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Packages and ... processes ... proteins ... and fats.
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
Fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus.
The control center of the nucleus;holds chromosomes,which hol…
Golgi Body
Packages and ... processes ... proteins ... and fats.
Chloroplast
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
Biology Cell & Cell Transport Review
Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden
Schwann
Named cells based off his observations of a cork
Invented first compound/ hand held microscope
Botanist who proposed all plants are made of cells
Zoologist who proposed all animals are made of cells
Hooke
Named cells based off his observations of a cork
Leeuwenhoek
Invented first compound/ hand held microscope
102 terms
MCAT Review Biology: The Cell
What are the four basic tenants of the…
Are eukaryotes multicellular or single…
Which part of the plasma membrane of e…
Eukaryote nucleus composition
1) all living things are composed of cells... 2) cell = basic fu…
both
Hydrophilic: external surfaces of the "sandwich"... Hydrophobic:…
-enveloped by nuclear envelope (membrane)... -Nuclear pores ... -Nu…
What are the four basic tenants of the…
1) all living things are composed of cells... 2) cell = basic fu…
Are eukaryotes multicellular or single…
both
81 terms
Cell Biology Review
When a cell engulfs molecules of water…
Most plasma membranes are said to be s…
Who is given credit for discovering co…
There are about ______ different cell…
endocytosis
permeable
Robert Hooke
220
When a cell engulfs molecules of water…
endocytosis
Most plasma membranes are said to be s…
permeable
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