Study sets matching "review cells biology"

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Study sets matching "review cells biology"

34 terms
Biology Review: Cells
Cell theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
Prokaryotic cell
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Small structures within cells that perform specific functions…
A type of cell that does not contain (have) a nucleus
Cell theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
31 terms
Biology SOL Review - Cells
Cell
Unicellular
Multicellular
Flagella
basic unit of life
organism made of one cell
organism made of many cells
any of various elongated filiform appendages of plants or ani…
Cell
basic unit of life
Unicellular
organism made of one cell
58 terms
Biology EOC Review: Cells
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic cell
Organelles
Cytoplasm
contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
do not contain a nucleus nor do they have membrane bound orga…
tiny structures inside a cell that carry out processes of life
thick fluid, mostly made of water, that fills the inside of t…
Eukaryotic cell
contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Prokaryotic cell
do not contain a nucleus nor do they have membrane bound orga…
11 terms
Biology AIR Review: Cells
Cellular respiration
Cell theory
Diffusion
Equilibrium
an essential structural component of living cells and source…
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
process by which molecules tend to move from an area where th…
result of diffusion where there is continuous movement of par…
Cellular respiration
an essential structural component of living cells and source…
Cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
97 terms
Biology--"Cells"
Robert Hooke
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Organisms
first person to see a cell; named cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
Bacteria
Robert Hooke
first person to see a cell; named cells
Eukaryotic Cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
27 terms
Biology Review: Cell Growth & Division
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cell cytoplasm
A long, continuous thread of DNA containing many genes and re…
Cell cycle
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
16 terms
Biology EOC Review - Cell Biology
Cellular membrane
Cellular Respiration
Chloroplast
Chromosome
The biological membrane separating the interior of a cell fro…
The process by which molecules are converted into useable ene…
An organelle found only in plants and photosynthetic protists…
An organized structure of DNA and supporting regulatory prote…
Cellular membrane
The biological membrane separating the interior of a cell fro…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which molecules are converted into useable ene…
80 terms
Cell Biology Review
proteins
cytosol and cytoskeleton
cilia
rough endoplasmic reticulum
Which type of molecules in the plasma membrane act as recepto…
What are the two parts of the cytoplasm?
cells that are specialized for absorption usually have small…
organelle that has attached ribosomes and carries out protein…
proteins
Which type of molecules in the plasma membrane act as recepto…
cytosol and cytoskeleton
What are the two parts of the cytoplasm?
46 terms
Biology Review for Cells
Enzyme Structure
Cellulose Structure
Phospholipid Structure
Protein Structure
it indicates and creates substrates
it indicates use in cell walls
it indicates use in cell membranes
it has many varieties in shape that indicate function
Enzyme Structure
it indicates and creates substrates
Cellulose Structure
it indicates use in cell walls
Cell Review, Biology Unit 3
diffusion
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
hypertonic
The movement of particles from an area of higher concentratio…
The diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membra…
The diffusion of molecules through a protein channel.
This is when the solution outside the cell has a HIGHER conce…
diffusion
The movement of particles from an area of higher concentratio…
osmosis
The diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membra…
37 terms
Biology Cell Test Review
List the 3 parts of the cell theory:
Describe the discovery: Anton van Leeu…
Describe the discovery: Robert Hooke
Describe the discovery: Matthias Schle…
1) all living things are made of cells... 2) cells are the basic…
discovered tiny organisms in pond water - called them animacu…
looked at cork cell chambers and coined the term "cells"
all plants are made of cells
List the 3 parts of the cell theory:
1) all living things are made of cells... 2) cells are the basic…
Describe the discovery: Anton van Leeu…
discovered tiny organisms in pond water - called them animacu…
27 terms
Biology Cells Review
Cell Theory
Against the Cell Theory: Striated Muscle
Against the Cell Theory: Asepate Funga…
Against the Cell Theory: Giant Algae
- All Living things are composed of cells... - Cells are the bas…
Does not have separate cell, the nuclei are spread around
Instead of sectioned they are long tubes
Also have a multiple nucleus's
Cell Theory
- All Living things are composed of cells... - Cells are the bas…
Against the Cell Theory: Striated Muscle
Does not have separate cell, the nuclei are spread around
Biology Review cells
Taxonomy Order (Biggest to Smallest)
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Ribosome
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and s…
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; m…
Taxonomy Order (Biggest to Smallest)
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Cell Wall
strong layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and s…
15 terms
Biology cell review
Cytoskeleton
Golgi Apparatus
Smooth ER
Rough ER
A microscopic network of protein filaments and tubules in the…
A complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytopla…
An organelle found in both animal and plant cells. Make cellu…
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm.
Cytoskeleton
A microscopic network of protein filaments and tubules in the…
Golgi Apparatus
A complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytopla…
Cell Biology 1 Review
What limits the diffusion in a biomemb…
TGF Beta signaling
Wnt Signaling
Arachidonate Metabolism
Tight junctions, lipid rafts, cytoskeletal attachments
-transforming growth factor beta... -high signaling when disease…
-increases B catenin (high ECM)... -inhibited by sFRPI (increase…
-forms specialized dimers... -inhibited by NSAIDS (anti inflamma…
What limits the diffusion in a biomemb…
Tight junctions, lipid rafts, cytoskeletal attachments
TGF Beta signaling
-transforming growth factor beta... -high signaling when disease…
23 terms
Biology SOL Review - Cell Division
Centriole
Chromosome
Haploid
Diploid
one of two small cylindrical cell organelles composes of 9 tr…
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes…
an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice t…
Centriole
one of two small cylindrical cell organelles composes of 9 tr…
Chromosome
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes…
53 terms
Cell Biology Exam Review
The first step of the Scientific Metho…
Information gathered from observing a…
You suggested that presence of water c…
Hypotheses derive from
Stating the Problem
Data
Hypothesis
logical inferences
The first step of the Scientific Metho…
Stating the Problem
Information gathered from observing a…
Data
Biology--"Cells"
Robert Hooke
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Organisms
first person to see a cell; named cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
Bacteria
Robert Hooke
first person to see a cell; named cells
Eukaryotic Cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
14 terms
Biology- Cell Parts Review
nucleus
ribosomes
cell membrane
cell wall
controls the functioning of the cell and contains the DNA
make the proteins and structures of the cell
the outer layer of the cell that allows things to enter and e…
the outer- most layer of the cell that provide rigidity and p…
nucleus
controls the functioning of the cell and contains the DNA
ribosomes
make the proteins and structures of the cell
32 terms
Biology: Cell Cycle Review
In what part of a eukaryotic cell is D…
Which type of biomolecule is DNA?
What is the monomer of a DNA molecule…
What are the three parts of a nucleoti…
Nucleus
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose sugar... Phosphate... Nitrogen base ( A, T, C or G)
In what part of a eukaryotic cell is D…
Nucleus
Which type of biomolecule is DNA?
Nucleic Acid
39 terms
Biology Cells Review
cell theory
nucleus
cytoplasm/cytoskeleton
cell wall
the theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
functions to help a cell keep its shape as the organelles flo…
supports and protects the cell
cell theory
the theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
nucleus
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
IB Biology Cells Review
4 common features of cells
One example of a cell that goes agains…
Nutrition
Metabolism
1. DNA... 2. Plasma membrane ... 3. Cytoplasm... 4. Ribosomes
Fungi
Obtaining food to provide energy and the materials needed for…
Chemical reactions inside the cell
4 common features of cells
1. DNA... 2. Plasma membrane ... 3. Cytoplasm... 4. Ribosomes
One example of a cell that goes agains…
Fungi
33 terms
Biology Final Review- Cells
Cell Theory
Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
Plasma Membrane
all living things are made of cells; cells are the basic unit…
complex cells that have a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles
cells that DO NOT have a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles
surrounds cell; maintains homeostasis; is selectively permeable
Cell Theory
all living things are made of cells; cells are the basic unit…
Eukaryotes
complex cells that have a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles
15 terms
Biology/Cells Final Review
Eukaryotic
Prokaryotic
Mitochondria
ATP
A cell with a nucleus
A cell with no nucleus
Organelle that breaks down sugar to make energy
Stored form of energy. The body's currency
Eukaryotic
A cell with a nucleus
Prokaryotic
A cell with no nucleus
28 terms
Cell review for Biology 621
chloroplasts
cell wall
passive transport
active transport
organelles found in plant cells and eukaryotic algae that con…
a rigid structure that provides shape and support for the pla…
movement of materials without the use of the cell's energy
the movement of ions or molecules across a cellular membrane…
chloroplasts
organelles found in plant cells and eukaryotic algae that con…
cell wall
a rigid structure that provides shape and support for the pla…
27 terms
Biology Cell Review
CELL WALL
CENTRIOLES
CHLOROPLASTS
CILIA
Structure and support for plant cells
Help in cell division
Site of photosynthesis (makes glucose)
Movement
CELL WALL
Structure and support for plant cells
CENTRIOLES
Help in cell division
Biology EOC Review: Cells
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic cell
Organelles
Cytoplasm
contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
do not contain a nucleus nor do they have membrane bound orga…
tiny structures inside a cell that carry out processes of life
thick fluid, mostly made of water, that fills the inside of t…
Eukaryotic cell
contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Prokaryotic cell
do not contain a nucleus nor do they have membrane bound orga…
Cell Biology Exam Review
cell theory
cell theory
cell theory
prokaryotes
all living things are made up of more than one cell
cells are basic units of life
cells come from other living cells
simplest of all living cells
cell theory
all living things are made up of more than one cell
cell theory
cells are basic units of life
AP Biology cell review
nuclear envelope
ribosomes
free ribosomes
bound ribosomes
double membrane, regulates the entry and and exit of most pro…
carry out protein synthesis.
suspended in the cytosol
attached to the outside of the endoplasmic reticulum or nucle…
nuclear envelope
double membrane, regulates the entry and and exit of most pro…
ribosomes
carry out protein synthesis.
70 terms
Biology EOC Review: Cells
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic cell
Organelles
Cytoplasm
contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
do not contain a nucleus nor do they have membrane bound orga…
tiny structures inside a cell that carry out processes of life
thick fluid, mostly made of water, that fills the inside of t…
Eukaryotic cell
contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Prokaryotic cell
do not contain a nucleus nor do they have membrane bound orga…
Biology-Cells-Test Review
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
Theodore Schwann
who saw tiny chambers in a piece of cork under a microscope (…
who first viewed pond water, red blood cells, and saw tiny or…
who observed plants under a microscopes and concluded that al…
who observed animal parts under a microscopes and concluded t…
Robert Hooke
who saw tiny chambers in a piece of cork under a microscope (…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
who first viewed pond water, red blood cells, and saw tiny or…
Biology Review - Cell Anatomy
Cellulose
Chloroplast
Chlorophyll
Golgi Apparatus
Sugar that plant cell walls are made of, inedible
Organelle involved in photosynthesis
Chemical involved in photosynthesis
Proteins go here to exit the cell
Cellulose
Sugar that plant cell walls are made of, inedible
Chloroplast
Organelle involved in photosynthesis
16 terms
Cell Division Review (Biology)
Cytokinesis
Spindle
A chromosome consists of two identical…
Series of events a cell goes through a…
Division of the cytoplasm
Structure made of fibers that help to move chromosomes during…
Chromatids
Cycle
Cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm
Spindle
Structure made of fibers that help to move chromosomes during…
AP Biology Review: Cells
organelle
nucleoid
peripheral proteins
integral proteins
Any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
An irregularly shaped region within the cell of a prokaryote…
Membrane proteins that adhere only temporarily to the biologi…
A type of membrane protein that is permanently attached to th…
organelle
Any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
nucleoid
An irregularly shaped region within the cell of a prokaryote…
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
A semi-rigid structure that surrounds plant cells.
The fluid portion of a cell's interior. The cells organelles…
Cell
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
Cell Membrane
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
55 terms
Biology Cell Structure Review
Nucleus
Ribosome
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
The cell's managing structure.
The organelle that helps manufacture proteins.
A membrane system of folded sacs and interconnected channels…
A flattened stack of membranes that modifies, sorts, and pack…
Nucleus
The cell's managing structure.
Ribosome
The organelle that helps manufacture proteins.
31 terms
Biology SOL Review - Cells
Cell
Unicellular
Multicellular
Flagella
basic unit of life
organism made of one cell
organism made of many cells
any of various elongated filiform appendages of plants or ani…
Cell
basic unit of life
Unicellular
organism made of one cell
62 terms
Review of Cell Biology
What components make up a cell?
Inorganic compounds
What percentage of body mass is compos…
Role of water in the cell
Inorganic compounds, Organic compounds (macromolecules), Nucl…
Water, Salts
70 to 80 %
Solvent of acids, bases, and salts. Acts as a medium to trans…
What components make up a cell?
Inorganic compounds, Organic compounds (macromolecules), Nucl…
Inorganic compounds
Water, Salts
16 terms
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
A semi-rigid structure that surrounds plant cells.
The fluid portion of a cell's interior. The cells organelles…
Cell
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
Cell Membrane
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
51 terms
Cell Biology
Active Transport
Anaerobic respiration
Aerobic respiration
Catalyst
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Respiration that does not require oxygen
Respiration that requires oxygen
A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being…
Active Transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Anaerobic respiration
Respiration that does not require oxygen
18 terms
Biology (Cells)
two major types of cells in the human…
prokaryotic cells such as bacteria and…
eukaryotic cells such as protozoa, fun…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells both…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
no nucleus, DNA is contained in the nucleoid, unicellular, as…
nucleus, DNA is contained in the nucleous, multicellar, can b…
cell walls, plasma membranes, cytoplasm, organelles, flagella…
two major types of cells in the human…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells such as bacteria and…
no nucleus, DNA is contained in the nucleoid, unicellular, as…
35 terms
Biology Review - CELLS
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Cells with a nucleus (and other membrane-bound organelles)
Cells that do not have a nucleus (or any other membrane-bound…
Double-membrane bound organelle that houses the cell's geneti…
Double-membrane bound organelle that is responsible for the c…
Eukaryotic Cells
Cells with a nucleus (and other membrane-bound organelles)
Prokaryotic Cells
Cells that do not have a nucleus (or any other membrane-bound…
13 terms
Biology final review of the cell
nucleus
nucleolus
plasma membrane
ribosome
control center of the cell, how it exerts DNA
where the assembly of the ribosomes begin
the inflexible barrier
proteins are assembled on ribosomes
nucleus
control center of the cell, how it exerts DNA
nucleolus
where the assembly of the ribosomes begin
37 terms
Biology 2nd Midterm Review: Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Phospholipid Bilayer
Elodea was placed in a Hypertonic Solu…
Cells that contain a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cells that do not contain a nucleus or membrane bound organel…
Why did the Chloroplasts in this Elodea move into the middle…
Eukaryotic Cells
Cells that contain a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Prokaryotic Cells
Cells that do not contain a nucleus or membrane bound organel…
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
The basic unit of all forms of life
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
A strong layer around the outside of plant cells made of cell…
An organelle that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA)
Cell
The basic unit of all forms of life
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
6 terms
Cell Biology
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
mitochondria
nucleus
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell gets all it's…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
Eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
102 terms
MCAT Review Biology: The Cell
What are the four basic tenants of the…
Are eukaryotes multicellular or single…
Which part of the plasma membrane of e…
Eukaryote nucleus composition
1) all living things are composed of cells... 2) cell = basic fu…
both
Hydrophilic: external surfaces of the "sandwich"... Hydrophobic:…
-enveloped by nuclear envelope (membrane)... -Nuclear pores ... -Nu…
What are the four basic tenants of the…
1) all living things are composed of cells... 2) cell = basic fu…
Are eukaryotes multicellular or single…
both
13 terms
Biology Cell Review
What did Hooke Discover
What did Layvenhook(Leeuwenhook) disco…
What did brown discover
What did Schleiden Discover
Looked at cork cells and discovered what he called "Cells"
Looked at water cells and observed microorganisms. Saw bacter…
A dark center in cells, called it the Nucleus
Looked at plant cells and saw they were made up of cells
What did Hooke Discover
Looked at cork cells and discovered what he called "Cells"
What did Layvenhook(Leeuwenhook) disco…
Looked at water cells and observed microorganisms. Saw bacter…
Biology Review: Cells
Cell theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
Prokaryotic cell
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Small structures within cells that perform specific functions…
A type of cell that does not contain (have) a nucleus
Cell theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
34 terms
Biology Review: Cells
Cell theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
Prokaryotic cell
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Small structures within cells that perform specific functions…
A type of cell that does not contain (have) a nucleus
Cell theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
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