Study sets matching "revolution french absolutism enlightenment"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "revolution french absolutism enlightenment"

40 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution
Louis XIV
Divine Right
Oliver Cromwell
Boyars
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
Leader of the Roundheads in the English Civil War, this man b…
The Russian nobles, forced to shave their beards and dress in…
Louis XIV
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
Divine Right
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
25 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution
Age of Absolutism
Thomas Hobbes
Divine Right
Louis XIV
a time in European history when there were many absolute mona…
believed in a strong government based on reason
right to rule given by God
absolute monarch of France
Age of Absolutism
a time in European history when there were many absolute mona…
Thomas Hobbes
believed in a strong government based on reason
40 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution
Louis XIV
Divine Right
Oliver Cromwell
Boyars
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
Leader of the Roundheads in the English Civil War, this man b…
The Russian nobles, forced to shave their beards and dress in…
Louis XIV
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
Divine Right
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution Review
Absolutism
Divine Right
Limited Monarchy
Akbar the Great
one leader with total control
The right to rule comes from God... (like Mandate of Heaven)
Monarch whose power is limited
Religious toleration
Absolutism
one leader with total control
Divine Right
The right to rule comes from God... (like Mandate of Heaven)
35 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution
Louis XIV
Divine Right
Oliver Cromwell
Nicolaus Copernicus
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
Leader of the Roundheads in the English Civil War, this man b…
In 1543, this man presented his heliocentric (sun-centered) t…
Louis XIV
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
Divine Right
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
34 terms
Absolutism, the Enlightenment, French Revolution
Louis XIV
Peter the Great
John Locke
Thomas Hobbes
- King of France during Age of Absolutism... - Built Palace of V…
- King of Russia during Age of Absolutism... - Modernized the ar…
- English philosopher... - Believed that people are naturally go…
- Philosopher believed that people were mean and brutish. Onl…
Louis XIV
- King of France during Age of Absolutism... - Built Palace of V…
Peter the Great
- King of Russia during Age of Absolutism... - Modernized the ar…
23 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution
absolute monarch
divine right
balance of power
dynasty
Absolute monarchy or despotic monarchy is a monarchical form…
divine right of kings definition. The doctrine that kings and…
power held by a small group when larger groups are of equal s…
a line of hereditary rulers of a country.
absolute monarch
Absolute monarchy or despotic monarchy is a monarchical form…
divine right
divine right of kings definition. The doctrine that kings and…
19 terms
French Absolutism / Enlightenment / Revolution
Absolute Monarch
Divine Right
Louis XIV
Versailles
King or Queen that holds absolute power
The doctrine that the right to rule derives directly from God
King of France
French royal gov't
Absolute Monarch
King or Queen that holds absolute power
Divine Right
The doctrine that the right to rule derives directly from God
25 terms
Enlightenment/ Absolutism/French Revolution
Czar
Inflation
Louis XIV
Mercantilism
Ruler or Emperor
("The more money you have, the less it's worth")... Prices for g…
Monarch of France
("A country must sell more than it buys")... Country's governmen…
Czar
Ruler or Emperor
Inflation
("The more money you have, the less it's worth")... Prices for g…
French Absolutism, Enlightenment, & Revolution
John Locke
3 natural rights of John Locke
Absolute Monarch
Absolute monarch beliefs
people learned from experiences and improved themselves... All…
Life, Liberty, & Property
kings or queens who held all of the power within their states…
believed they had divine right: belief that God created monar…
John Locke
people learned from experiences and improved themselves... All…
3 natural rights of John Locke
Life, Liberty, & Property
40 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution
Louis XIV
Divine Right
Oliver Cromwell
Boyars
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
Leader of the Roundheads in the English Civil War, this man b…
The Russian nobles, forced to shave their beards and dress in…
Louis XIV
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
Divine Right
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution
Louis XIV
Divine Right
Oliver Cromwell
Boyars
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
Leader of the Roundheads in the English Civil War, this man b…
The Russian nobles, forced to shave their beards and dress in…
Louis XIV
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
Divine Right
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
36 terms
French Absolutism, Enlightenment, & Revolution
Napoleon Bondaparte
Panic and Flee
Austria, Sandinia
Egypt
Born in 1769 on Island of Corsico and considered one of greas…
In 1795, rebels marched in National Convention where Napoleon…
In 1796 Napoleon was appointed to lead French army against __…
Tried to repeat succes in _____, goes into this place to take…
Napoleon Bondaparte
Born in 1769 on Island of Corsico and considered one of greas…
Panic and Flee
In 1795, rebels marched in National Convention where Napoleon…
Enlightenment, Absolutism, French Revolution
Divine Right
Complete Authority
Enlightenment... -purpose of this movement
Copernicus
Monarchs received power from God and therefore could not be c…
Rulers' power was not limited by anyone
An intellectual movement that encouraged reason and science o…
sun is center of universe
Divine Right
Monarchs received power from God and therefore could not be c…
Complete Authority
Rulers' power was not limited by anyone
20 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution
Newton
Galileo
Continental System
Tennis Court Oath
English scientist - helped bring together their breakthroughs…
An Italian student who discovered the law of pendulum by watc…
A forced closing of ports that prevented all the trade and co…
An event during the first days of the French Revolution. The…
Newton
English scientist - helped bring together their breakthroughs…
Galileo
An Italian student who discovered the law of pendulum by watc…
24 terms
French Absolutism, Enlightenment and Revolution
Absolute Monarch
Divine Right
Huguenots
Enlightenment
When kings and queens have power
Doctrine of royal legitimacy
French Protestants
Intellectual movement
Absolute Monarch
When kings and queens have power
Divine Right
Doctrine of royal legitimacy
38 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment and French Revolution
Louis XIV
Divine Right Theory
Absolutism
Catherine the Great
Known as the sun king of France who came up with divine right…
the god given right to rule
When the ruler has complete control or power which creates a…
She was an absolute ruler of Russia in which she was brutal t…
Louis XIV
Known as the sun king of France who came up with divine right…
Divine Right Theory
the god given right to rule
103 terms
French Absolutism, Enlightenment and Revolution
What is absolutism?
Examples of Absolute Rulers
Huguenots
Divine Rights
Kings or queens who held all the power within their state's b…
Henry VIII ... Bloody Mary
French Calvinists
Blief that god created the monarchy and that the monarchy act…
What is absolutism?
Kings or queens who held all the power within their state's b…
Examples of Absolute Rulers
Henry VIII ... Bloody Mary
36 terms
French Absolutism, Enlightenment, & Revolution
What is an Absolute Monarch?
What did the absolute monarch believe?
What revolutions did the absolute mona…
When was St. Bartholomew's Day?
Kings or queens who held all of the power within their states…
Divine Right.
The French and American Revolutions
1572
What is an Absolute Monarch?
Kings or queens who held all of the power within their states…
What did the absolute monarch believe?
Divine Right.
28 terms
Absolutism enlightenment and the French revolution
Louis XIV (Gov)
Locke ( Public Works)
Absolutism (Government)
Palace of Versailles (A&A)
Louis the 14th was a king of France. He is often referred to…
John Locke was and English think there in the 1600s his goal…
Absolutism is a form of absolute ml monarchy monarchy which i…
The palace a versatile is a magnificent building in Europe th…
Louis XIV (Gov)
Louis the 14th was a king of France. He is often referred to…
Locke ( Public Works)
John Locke was and English think there in the 1600s his goal…
9 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, and the French Revolution
Louis XIV, the Sun King
Philosophes
Declaration of the Rights of Man and C…
Locke vs Hobbes
Used sun as symbol of his absolute power, believed in divine…
group of Enlightenment thinkers, thought reason+science metho…
to protect natural rights of citizens (liberty, property, sec…
Hobbes- ... state of nature; ppl selfish and will fight, everyon…
Louis XIV, the Sun King
Used sun as symbol of his absolute power, believed in divine…
Philosophes
group of Enlightenment thinkers, thought reason+science metho…
Absolutism,The Enlightenment & The French Revolution
Henry IV
Huguenot
Edict of Nantes
Duke of Sully
Originally a Huguenot but converted to Catholicism because Fr…
Henry was originally a Huguenot but converted to Catholicism…
Granted freedom of religion ... Allowed Huguenots for protectio…
He worked with Henry to make France a wealthy and powerful na…
Henry IV
Originally a Huguenot but converted to Catholicism because Fr…
Huguenot
Henry was originally a Huguenot but converted to Catholicism…
165 terms
Enlightenment, Absolutism and The French Revolution
Philip ll
divine right
absolute monarch
Escorial
deeply Catholic king of spain; claimed portugal and ruled spa…
what absolute monarchs believed they had been given by god to…
monarch who held all power in kingdom; NOT totalitarianism
Philip ll's granite palace that demonstrated his power
Philip ll
deeply Catholic king of spain; claimed portugal and ruled spa…
divine right
what absolute monarchs believed they had been given by god to…
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution
Louis XIV
Divine Right
Oliver Cromwell
Boyars
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
Leader of the Roundheads in the English Civil War, this man b…
The Russian nobles, forced to shave their beards and dress in…
Louis XIV
This archetypal absolute monarch of France, nicknamed the "Su…
Divine Right
The idea that God made kings (or queens) and so only God coul…
31 terms
French Absolutism, Enlightenment & Revolution
Philip II
Divine right
Louis XIV
John Locke
King of Spain, Portugal and Naples... - Lord of Netherlands
Political and religious doctrine... - Monarch doesn't have autho…
Monarch of the house of Bourbon... - King of France
Philosopher... - Influential enlightenment thinker
Philip II
King of Spain, Portugal and Naples... - Lord of Netherlands
Divine right
Political and religious doctrine... - Monarch doesn't have autho…
Absolutism (Enlightenment & French Revolution)
Tudor and Stuart Monarchs
Divine Right Kings
Petition of Right
English Civil War
The Tudor monarchy included Henry VIII and his children - Edw…
power "given" to them by God,louis XIV, kings made law and de…
1628. Signed by Charles I. No imprisonment without due cause;…
Conflict from 1640 to 1660; featured religious disputes mixed…
Tudor and Stuart Monarchs
The Tudor monarchy included Henry VIII and his children - Edw…
Divine Right Kings
power "given" to them by God,louis XIV, kings made law and de…
18 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution 9
Divine Right
Monarchy
Peter the Great
Louis XIV
The power to rule comes from God
A government ruled by a king or queen
Became the ruler of Russia and known for westernzing the coun…
"the Sun King;" considered to be the model of absolute monarc…
Divine Right
The power to rule comes from God
Monarchy
A government ruled by a king or queen
11 terms
French Absolutism, Enlightenment, & Revolution
Napoleon Bonaparte
Coupd'etat
Napoleonic Code
What did he do in 1804
Born in 1769 on Mediterranean Island of Corsica... Short guy- on…
sudden seizure of power or blow to the state
Created by Napoleon they were a uniform set of laws that elim…
He crowned himself emperor and took crown from pope and place…
Napoleon Bonaparte
Born in 1769 on Mediterranean Island of Corsica... Short guy- on…
Coupd'etat
sudden seizure of power or blow to the state
18 terms
Enlightened Absolutism & French Revolution
Frederick the Great/2nd
Maria Theresa
Joseph II
Catherine the Great
EA monarch of Prussia; "King is first servant of state"; used…
Empress of Austrian Empire; centralizes empire for power; not…
Marie An's brother; ruled Austria; used reason to reform; abo…
Ruled Russia; invited Diderot to write reforms; ultimately di…
Frederick the Great/2nd
EA monarch of Prussia; "King is first servant of state"; used…
Maria Theresa
Empress of Austrian Empire; centralizes empire for power; not…
Absolutism, Enlightenment, and the French Revolution
Characteristics of Absolutism
Basic Principal (Characteristics of Ab…
Political (Characteristics of Absoluti…
Social (Characteristics of Absolutism)
-Basic Principle... -Political... -Social... -Economic... -Cultural
-monarchs rules by divine right and decides what is best for…
-ruler hold unlimited power... -individuals are subjects, not pe…
-ruler dominates upper classes, which in turn dominate lower…
Characteristics of Absolutism
-Basic Principle... -Political... -Social... -Economic... -Cultural
Basic Principal (Characteristics of Ab…
-monarchs rules by divine right and decides what is best for…
36 terms
Enlightened Absolutism and the French Revolution
Frederick the II
Maria Theresa
Joseph II
Catherine the Great
Monarch of Prussia, "king=first servant of the state", made e…
Empress of Austria, made some reforms for practical reasons,…
Successor of Maria Theresa, made many reforms that were too f…
Leader of Russia, favored enlightened reforms, contacted Dide…
Frederick the II
Monarch of Prussia, "king=first servant of the state", made e…
Maria Theresa
Empress of Austria, made some reforms for practical reasons,…
33 terms
Enlightenment, Enlightened Absolutism, The French Revolution
Philosophes
Deism
Voltaire
Cesare Beccaria
Apply rationalism, optimism, activism; promote education, fre…
Religious movement of philosophes, Accepted God as creator, c…
Critical of Absolutism
Philosophe, wanted to combine laws of monarchs and legislatur…
Philosophes
Apply rationalism, optimism, activism; promote education, fre…
Deism
Religious movement of philosophes, Accepted God as creator, c…
French Absolution, Enlightenment, & Revolution
When and where was Napoleon born?
What happened on October 1795?
Who defeated Napoleon in Europe?
coup
in 1769 on the Mediterranean Island of Corsica
rebels marched on National Convention where Napoleon and his…
Horatio Nelson
sudden seizure of power or blow to the state
When and where was Napoleon born?
in 1769 on the Mediterranean Island of Corsica
What happened on October 1795?
rebels marched on National Convention where Napoleon and his…
45 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, & Revolutions (minus the French)
mestizos
peninsulares
creoles
mulattos
The term used by Spanish authorities to describe someone of m…
Spanish-born, came to Latin America; ruled, highest social cl…
Descendents of Spanish-born but born in Latin America; resent…
People of mixed African and European ancestry
mestizos
The term used by Spanish authorities to describe someone of m…
peninsulares
Spanish-born, came to Latin America; ruled, highest social cl…
22 terms
French Revolution/Absolutism/Enlightenment Test
major ideas of French Revolution
causes of French Revolution
effects of French Revolution on middle…
Robespierre
Liberty, equality, individual/ natural rights, separation of…
enlightenment ideas, high taxes and high prices (people wante…
strengthened, but many people also killed.
French lawyer and politician, advocate of the poor, campaigne…
major ideas of French Revolution
Liberty, equality, individual/ natural rights, separation of…
causes of French Revolution
enlightenment ideas, high taxes and high prices (people wante…
Absolutism, enlightenment & French Revolution test
Louis XVI
3 estates
Storming of Bastille
Reign of terror
King of France - executed in 1793
1st = clergy and church ppl - no taxes, 2nd = Nobles - high i…
Symbolic start of rev. French national holiday of independence
food shortages and inflation - hasty trials = many executed
Louis XVI
King of France - executed in 1793
3 estates
1st = clergy and church ppl - no taxes, 2nd = Nobles - high i…
23 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution People
Locke
Montesquieu
Voltaire
Beccaria
Natural rights: life, liberty, property
Seperation of powers
Freedom of thought and expression; religious freedom
Abolishment of torture
Locke
Natural rights: life, liberty, property
Montesquieu
Seperation of powers
33 terms
French Absolutism, Enlightenment, and Revolution Test
Absolute Monarch
what is a goal of an absolute monarch?
divine right
What helped centralize authority?
a king or queen who holds all of the power within their state…
to control every aspect of society (including religion)
the belief that God created the monarchy and the monarch acte…
decline of feudalism, rise of cities, and growth of national…
Absolute Monarch
a king or queen who holds all of the power within their state…
what is a goal of an absolute monarch?
to control every aspect of society (including religion)
Absolutism, Enlightenment, and the French Revolution Test
Absolutism
What are the 3 main ways an absolute m…
What are governmental problems arising…
What is Enlightenment?
One ruler holds all power, all power is vested in one ruler
divine right to the throne, ruling with an iron fist, and hav…
Skyrocketing bread prices among peasants and poor because of…
A revolution in intellectual thought that changed views on go…
Absolutism
One ruler holds all power, all power is vested in one ruler
What are the 3 main ways an absolute m…
divine right to the throne, ruling with an iron fist, and hav…
77 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution and Napoleon
What was the Enlightenment?
What did John Locke believe about huma…
What were some contributions of Issac…
What was a philosophe?
It was an eighteenth century philosophical movement that sign…
They were molded by experiences that came through their sense…
Issac Newton discovered the natural laws that governed the ph…
An intellectual of the enlightenment
What was the Enlightenment?
It was an eighteenth century philosophical movement that sign…
What did John Locke believe about huma…
They were molded by experiences that came through their sense…
101 terms
Absolutism, Enlightenment, French Revolution Test
Charles V
Philip II
El Greco
Diego Velazquez
Hapsburg king; a devout Catholic who was elected Holy Roman E…
Son of Charles II, shy, responded to pope calling for attacks…
Spanish painter, means "the Greek", expressed deep faith thro…
Spanish painter, pride of Spanish monarchy, Royal portraist
Charles V
Hapsburg king; a devout Catholic who was elected Holy Roman E…
Philip II
Son of Charles II, shy, responded to pope calling for attacks…
10 terms
French Absolutism, Enlightenment, & Revolution! Outcome: The Enlightenment
What was the Renaissance?
Scholars began to __________ _________…
What did the reformation prompt?
What spurred the Enlightenment?
A rebirth of learning and the arts, inspired a spirit of curi…
question, ideas
Promoted religious followers to challenge accepted ways of th…
Not only did new ways of thinking apply to science, but were…
What was the Renaissance?
A rebirth of learning and the arts, inspired a spirit of curi…
Scholars began to __________ _________…
question, ideas
23 terms
Enlightenment/Age of Absolutism/French Revolution
Tennis Court Oath
Bastille
Reign of Terror
The Great Fear
The National assembly swore not to leave the indoor tennis co…
Prison stored for weapons
Period of mass executions of supposed 'counter-revolutionists.'
Wave of Violence where peasants broke into manor houses to ki…
Tennis Court Oath
The National assembly swore not to leave the indoor tennis co…
Bastille
Prison stored for weapons
Enlightenment/ Age of Absolutism/ French Revolution
philosophes
hobbes
social contract
causes of revolution
a person who offers views or theories on profound questions i…
he believed people were born greedy and selfish and therefore…
an agreement between the people and the government in which t…
unpopular rule, economic distress, social injustice, enlighte…
philosophes
a person who offers views or theories on profound questions i…
hobbes
he believed people were born greedy and selfish and therefore…
25 terms
French Absolutism, Enlightenment and Revolution Quiz
What is an absolute monarch?
What the goal of an absolute monarch?
What is "Divine Right?"
Who would an absolute monarch answer to?
Kings or queens who held all the power within their state's b…
Their goal was to control every aspect of society including r…
The belief that God created the monarch and that the monarch…
God, not even to his or her subjects
What is an absolute monarch?
Kings or queens who held all the power within their state's b…
What the goal of an absolute monarch?
Their goal was to control every aspect of society including r…
13 terms
french absolutism, enlightenment, a revolution
absolute monarch
most believed divine right
what helped centralized the authority
when did Henry inherited the throne?
king or queens who held all of power within their states boun…
belief that God created the monarchy and that the monarch act…
decline of Feudalism, rise of cities, growth of national king…
Catherine and her last son died
absolute monarch
king or queens who held all of power within their states boun…
most believed divine right
belief that God created the monarchy and that the monarch act…
Absolutism, Scientific Revolution, Enlightenment, & French Revolution
Rule of Law
Petition of Right
English Civil War
Restoration
Law over kings
Charles has to sign to reestablish parliament
the conflict between parliament and Charles I
restoring monarchy, gives England back some freedom
Rule of Law
Law over kings
Petition of Right
Charles has to sign to reestablish parliament
absolute monarchs, enlightenment/scientific revolution/french revolution
absolute monarchs
divine right
spanish armada
sun king of france
king or queen that has total control
the belief that the king/queen is God's chosen representative…
spain attacks england, england won and beat spain, the most p…
monarch of the house of Bourbon who ruled as king of france f…
absolute monarchs
king or queen that has total control
divine right
the belief that the king/queen is God's chosen representative…
Absolutism, Enlightenment, Scientific Revolution and the French Revolution
Absolutism
Monarch
Absolute Monarchy
Divine Right
...
...
...
...
Absolutism
...
Monarch
...
49 terms
Absolutism, scientific revolution, enlightenment, & French Revolution
What were some of the traits about Lou…
What were some traits about Peter the…
What were some of Peter the Great's re…
Describe the start of the English Civi…
Louis XIV became king at a very young age. Cardinal Mazarin m…
Divine Right - Member of the Romanov family. peter claimed au…
Military - Peter built the first Russian navy and challenged…
James I - Rather than consulting Parliament on financial matt…
What were some of the traits about Lou…
Louis XIV became king at a very young age. Cardinal Mazarin m…
What were some traits about Peter the…
Divine Right - Member of the Romanov family. peter claimed au…
1 of 10