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Study sets matching "rights civil liberties"

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Study sets matching "rights civil liberties"

27 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
writ of habeas corpus
ex post facto laws
Rights that belong to everyone; protections against government;
Positive acts of government designed to prevent discriminatio…
You must be brought before the court and informed of charges…
Laws applied to acts committed before the laws' passage are u…
Civil Liberties
Rights that belong to everyone; protections against government;
Civil Rights
Positive acts of government designed to prevent discriminatio…
12 terms
Civil Liberties & Civil Rights
civil liberties
assemble
clause
petition
freedoms that protect individuals from the government
gather peacefully
section of a legal document
formally question
civil liberties
freedoms that protect individuals from the government
assemble
gather peacefully
16 terms
civil liberties and civil rights
disenfranchise
suffrage
provision
seize
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
Right to vote
adjective: under terms not final or fully worked out or agree…
confiscate
disenfranchise
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
suffrage
Right to vote
25 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
writ of habeas corpus
bills of attainder
Rights that belong to everyone; protections against government;
Positive acts of government designed to prevent discriminatio…
You must be brought before the court and informed of charges…
You cannot be punished without a trial.
Civil Liberties
Rights that belong to everyone; protections against government;
Civil Rights
Positive acts of government designed to prevent discriminatio…
31 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Civil liberties
Civil Rights
Clear and present danger doctrine
De facto segregation
personal freedoms, e.g., speech, assembly, religion
protections against discrimination
judicial interpretation of Amendment 1 that the government ma…
segregation "by fact", i.e., segregation that results from su…
Civil liberties
personal freedoms, e.g., speech, assembly, religion
Civil Rights
protections against discrimination
31 terms
Civil Liberties/Civil Rights
Civil liberties
Civil rights
Clear and Present Danger doctrine
De Facto segregation
personal freedoms such as speech, assembly, religion
protections against discrimination
judicial interpretation of Amendment 1 that governemnt may no…
segregation "by fact" such as segregation that results from s…
Civil liberties
personal freedoms such as speech, assembly, religion
Civil rights
protections against discrimination
46 terms
Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
1st Amendment
Equal Access Act
symbolic speech
Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier
Jefferson believed this built a wall of separation between ch…
Legislation that allows student religious groups to meet in h…
expression involving actions and symbols
Gives school officials authority to regulate student speech
1st Amendment
Jefferson believed this built a wall of separation between ch…
Equal Access Act
Legislation that allows student religious groups to meet in h…
31 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Civil liberties
Civil Rights
Clear and present danger doctrine
De facto segregation
personal freedoms, e.g., speech, assembly, religion
protections against discrimination
judicial interpretation of Amendment 1 that the government ma…
segregation "by fact", i.e., segregation that results from su…
Civil liberties
personal freedoms, e.g., speech, assembly, religion
Civil Rights
protections against discrimination
31 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Civil liberties
Civil Rights
Clear and present danger doctrine
De facto segregation
personal freedoms, e.g., speech, assembly, religion
protections against discrimination
judicial interpretation of Amendment 1 that the government ma…
segregation "by fact", i.e., segregation that results from su…
Civil liberties
personal freedoms, e.g., speech, assembly, religion
Civil Rights
protections against discrimination
47 terms
Civil Rights + Civil Liberties
Establishment clause (1st amendment)
Free Exercise Clause (1st amendment)
SCOTUS Equal Protection Standards for…
Dred Scott
The Establishment Clause is the first of several pronouncemen…
Free Exercise Clause refers to the section of the First Amend…
Obviously, the Equal Protection Clause cannot mean that gover…
A controversial ruling made by the Supreme Court in 1857, sho…
Establishment clause (1st amendment)
The Establishment Clause is the first of several pronouncemen…
Free Exercise Clause (1st amendment)
Free Exercise Clause refers to the section of the First Amend…
25 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
writ of habeas corpus
bills of attainder
Rights that belong to everyone; protections against government;
Positive acts of government designed to prevent discriminatio…
You must be brought before the court and informed of charges…
You cannot be punished without a trial.
Civil Liberties
Rights that belong to everyone; protections against government;
Civil Rights
Positive acts of government designed to prevent discriminatio…
13 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Selective Incorporation
Establishment Clause
Legal and constitutional rights that protect individuals from…
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary acts or…
The case-by-case process by which liberties listed in the Bil…
A provision of the First Amendment that prohibits Congress fr…
Civil Liberties
Legal and constitutional rights that protect individuals from…
Civil Rights
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary acts or…
62 terms
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
civil liberties
civil rights
selective incorporation
indictment
individual rights protected by law from unjust governmental o…
the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and eq…
the process of applying the Bill of Rights to state law on a…
a formal charge or accusation of a serious crime.
civil liberties
individual rights protected by law from unjust governmental o…
civil rights
the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and eq…
35 terms
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Selective incorporation
Fourteenth Amendment
Freedom of Speech
Freedom of the press
Since the Gitlow v. New York decision, the Court has applied…
This Amendment, ratified during Reconstruction, was designed…
A First Amendment right that protects speech, except in a few…
Occasionally, the government has tried to limit this First Am…
Selective incorporation
Since the Gitlow v. New York decision, the Court has applied…
Fourteenth Amendment
This Amendment, ratified during Reconstruction, was designed…
14 terms
Civil Rights/Civil Liberties
Affirmative Action
Clear and Present Danger
Due Process Clause
Equal Protection Clause
Government-mandated programs that seek to create special empl…
Interpretation of the First Amendment that holds that the gov…
Clause in the Fifth Amendment limiting the power of the natio…
14th amendment clause that prohibits states from denying equa…
Affirmative Action
Government-mandated programs that seek to create special empl…
Clear and Present Danger
Interpretation of the First Amendment that holds that the gov…
31 terms
Civil Liberties/Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Clear and present danger doctrine
De facto segregation
Personal freedoms, e.g., speech, assembly, religion
Protections against discrimination
Judicial interpretation of Amendment 1 that gov. may not ban…
segregation"by fact" i.e., segregation that results from such…
Civil Liberties
Personal freedoms, e.g., speech, assembly, religion
Civil Rights
Protections against discrimination
56 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Writ of habeas corpus
Ex post facto law
Bill of attainder
Due process clause
A court order requiring explanation to a judge why a prisoner…
Retroactive criminal law that works to the disadvantage of a…
Legislative act inflicting punishment, including deprivation…
Clause in the Fifth Amendment limiting the power of the natio…
Writ of habeas corpus
A court order requiring explanation to a judge why a prisoner…
Ex post facto law
Retroactive criminal law that works to the disadvantage of a…
53 terms
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Barron V Baltimore (1833)
Gillow V New York
Selective Incorporation
Gideon V Wainright
Supreme court determined that the Bill of rights restricted t…
Concerned freedom of speech and press, The court ruled that s…
Applied the Bill of Rights to state law on a case-by-case bas…
May not deprive the accused felons of their right to legal co…
Barron V Baltimore (1833)
Supreme court determined that the Bill of rights restricted t…
Gillow V New York
Concerned freedom of speech and press, The court ruled that s…
24 terms
Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Bills of Attainder
The freedom of a citizen to exercise rights without unwarrant…
Rights to personal liberty and certain Congressional acts, es…
a court order to a person or agency holding someone in custod…
Finding a person guilty without trial
Civil Liberties
The freedom of a citizen to exercise rights without unwarrant…
Civil Rights
Rights to personal liberty and certain Congressional acts, es…
35 terms
Civil Liberties & Civil Rights
Group targeted in the Sedition Act of…
Espionage and Sedition Act of 1917
When free speech is most likely to be…
2 examples of cultural conflicts
Thomas Jefferson and the anti fed's
made it illegal to utter false statements that would interfer…
In a war
1. Gov't buildings with the manger 2. Mexicans wanting Spanis…
Group targeted in the Sedition Act of…
Thomas Jefferson and the anti fed's
Espionage and Sedition Act of 1917
made it illegal to utter false statements that would interfer…
61 terms
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
civil liberties
establishment clause
Rational Basis Test
Regents of the University of Californi…
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens. ... Freedoms…
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may no…
Judicial standard of review that examines whether the legisla…
The court case in which the SC ruled that a university could…
civil liberties
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens. ... Freedoms…
establishment clause
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may no…
56 terms
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Civil liberties
civil rights
Bill of Rights
9th Amendment
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
the first ten amendments which largely guarantee specific rig…
part of bill of rights that reads, "the enumeration in the Co…
Civil liberties
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
civil rights
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
26 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
8th Amendment
Establishment clause
the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
legal and constitutional protections against government infri…
forbids cruel and unusual punishment, although it does not de…
First Amendment prohibits government from establishing a reli…
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
Civil Liberties
legal and constitutional protections against government infri…
57 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Bill of Rights
1791
Challenge
civil liberties
where are the civil liberties explained
When were the ten amendments ratified
people cherish rights until their own are usurped
_________ include freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and…
Bill of Rights
where are the civil liberties explained
1791
When were the ten amendments ratified
35 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Commercial Speech
8th Amendment
the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
legal and constitutional protections against government infri…
communication in the form of advertising.
forbids cruel and unusual punishment, although it does not de…
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
Civil Liberties
legal and constitutional protections against government infri…
55 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Writ of habeas corpus
ex post facto law
bill of attainder
due process clause
a court order requiring explanation to a judge why a prisoner…
retroactive criminal law that works to the disadvantage of a…
legislative act inflicting punishment, including deprivation…
clause in the 5th amendment limiting the power of the nationa…
Writ of habeas corpus
a court order requiring explanation to a judge why a prisoner…
ex post facto law
retroactive criminal law that works to the disadvantage of a…
46 terms
Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
1st Amendment
Equal Access Act
symbolic speech
Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier
Jefferson believed this built a wall of separation between ch…
Legislation that allows student religious groups to meet in h…
expression involving actions and symbols
Gives school officials authority to regulate student speech
1st Amendment
Jefferson believed this built a wall of separation between ch…
Equal Access Act
Legislation that allows student religious groups to meet in h…
22 terms
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Thirteenth amendment (1865):
Fourteenth amendment (1868):
Fifteenth amendment (1870):
Selective incorporation: u
abolished slavery.
defines citizenship, forbids the states from denying their ci…
gave the right to vote to former male slaves and forbids stat…
sing the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to ap…
Thirteenth amendment (1865):
abolished slavery.
Fourteenth amendment (1868):
defines citizenship, forbids the states from denying their ci…
13 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Selective Incorporation
Establishment Clause
Legal and constitutional rights that protect individuals from…
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
a constitutional doctrine that ensures states cannot enact la…
Part of the First Amendment stating that "Congress shall make…
Civil Liberties
Legal and constitutional rights that protect individuals from…
Civil Rights
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
37 terms
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Due Process
Selective incorporation
basic freedoms to think and act that all people have and that…
rights of fair and equal status = rights protected by the gov…
following established and complete legal procedures
the Supreme Court's reasoning for incorporating much of the B…
Civil Liberties
basic freedoms to think and act that all people have and that…
Civil Rights
rights of fair and equal status = rights protected by the gov…
58 terms
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Ex Post Facto Laws
Self-Incrimination
Double Jeopardy
Incorporation Clause
A law that retroactively changes the legal consequences (or s…
People have the right to not self-incriminate themselves by s…
No citizen can be charged for the same crime twice.
The states also have to abide by the Bill of Rights and the C…
Ex Post Facto Laws
A law that retroactively changes the legal consequences (or s…
Self-Incrimination
People have the right to not self-incriminate themselves by s…
67 terms
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Affirmative Action
Citizen
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
A policy designed to give special attention or treatment for…
A native or naturalized member of a state or other political…
The legal constitutional protections against government abuse…
The government-protected rights of individuals against discri…
Affirmative Action
A policy designed to give special attention or treatment for…
Citizen
A native or naturalized member of a state or other political…
20 terms
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
civil liberties
Barron v. Baltimore
Giltlow v. New York
incorporation doctrine
The legal constitutional protections against government.
1833 SCOTUS decision holding that the Bill of Rights retraine…
1925 SCOTUS decision holding that freedoms of the press and s…
A constitutional doctrine through which selected provisions o…
civil liberties
The legal constitutional protections against government.
Barron v. Baltimore
1833 SCOTUS decision holding that the Bill of Rights retraine…
122 terms
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
1st amendment
2nd amendment
3rd amendment
4th amendment
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
Right to bear arms
No quartering of Soldiers
Search and Seizure
1st amendment
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
2nd amendment
Right to bear arms
88 terms
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Clear and Present Danger
Commercial Speech
Defamation
Elastic Clause
Judicial interpretation of the First Amendment that governmen…
Speech for business purposes, most often for advertising
Act of harming or ruining another's reputation
Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution, which allows Congr…
Clear and Present Danger
Judicial interpretation of the First Amendment that governmen…
Commercial Speech
Speech for business purposes, most often for advertising
13 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Selective Incorporation
Establishment Clause
Legal and constitutional rights that protect individuals from…
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
The case-by-case process by which liberties listed in the Bil…
A provision of the First Amendment that prohibits Congress fr…
Civil Liberties
Legal and constitutional rights that protect individuals from…
Civil Rights
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
33 terms
Civil Liberties/Civil Rights:
Civil liberties
Civil rights
Clear and present danger doctrine*
De facto segregation
personal freedoms(speech, assembly, religion)
protections against descrimination
judicial interpretation of Amendment 1 that government may no…
segregation "by fact"(segregation that results from such fact…
Civil liberties
personal freedoms(speech, assembly, religion)
Civil rights
protections against descrimination
54 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
due process
affirmative action
equality of opportunity
equality of results
fair procedure
programs designed to increase minority participation by appoi…
giving people an equal chance to succeed
Making sure that people achieve the same result
due process
fair procedure
affirmative action
programs designed to increase minority participation by appoi…
78 terms
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
What is a Civil Liberty?
What is the due process clause?
What is the incorporation doctrine?
What is the establishment clause?
The legal constitutional protections against government. Alth…
Part of the fourteenth amendment guaranteeing that persons ca…
The legal concept by which the Supreme Court has nationalized…
Part of the First Amendment stating that "Congress shall ma…
What is a Civil Liberty?
The legal constitutional protections against government. Alth…
What is the due process clause?
Part of the fourteenth amendment guaranteeing that persons ca…
41 terms
Civil Liberties/Rights
affirmative action
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka,…
Civil Rights Act (1875)
Civil Rights act (1957)
A policy in educational admissions or job hiring that gives s…
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declar…
Prohibited discrimination against blacks in public place, suc…
The Civil Rights Act of 1957, primarily a voting rights bill,…
affirmative action
A policy in educational admissions or job hiring that gives s…
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka,…
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declar…
34 terms
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Incorporation
Engle v. Vitale
Establishment Clause
Free Exercise Clause
Using the 14th amendment to apply the Bill of Rights to the S…
1962 case in which the court rule that school prayer was unco…
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may no…
A First Amendment provision that prohibits government from in…
Incorporation
Using the 14th amendment to apply the Bill of Rights to the S…
Engle v. Vitale
1962 case in which the court rule that school prayer was unco…
65 terms
GOVT Civil Liberties/Rights
civil liberties
Bill of Rights
First Amendment
Incorporation Doctrine
laws that protect people from the government; including freed…
the first ten amendments in the constitution
Freedom of the press, speech, religion, and of assembly.
The Bill of Rights is nationalized - provisions apply to the…
civil liberties
laws that protect people from the government; including freed…
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments in the constitution
19 terms
Civil Rights & Civil Liberties Vocabulary
civil liberties
civil rights
Due Process Clause
freedom of speech
protections against government
positive acts of gov't. that seek to make constitutional guar…
part of the Constitution that ensures that the States cannot…
Which is an example of a civil liberty?... a) Civil Rights Act o…
civil liberties
protections against government
civil rights
positive acts of gov't. that seek to make constitutional guar…
83 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
due process clause
substantive due process
incorporation doctrine
selective incorporation
clause contained in the 5th and 14th amendments; over the yea…
judicial interpretation of the 5th and 14th amendments' due p…
an interpretation of the constitution that holds that the due…
a judicial doctrine whereby most but not all of the protectio…
due process clause
clause contained in the 5th and 14th amendments; over the yea…
substantive due process
judicial interpretation of the 5th and 14th amendments' due p…
73 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Autonomy
economic rights
negative rights
positive rights
independence, freedom, or the right to self-governance
rights essential to citizens that allow them to earn a living…
rights that prohibit government from acting in certain ways;…
rights that require overt government action
Autonomy
independence, freedom, or the right to self-governance
economic rights
rights essential to citizens that allow them to earn a living…
30 terms
Civil Rights & Liberties
Exclusionary Rule
Establishment Clause
Self-Incrimination
Fighting Words
Evidence obtained in violation of the Constitution is barred…
Part of the 1st amendment that prohibits the government from…
Allows for an arrested person to remain silent when questioned.
Speech that inflicts injury or an immediate breach of the pea…
Exclusionary Rule
Evidence obtained in violation of the Constitution is barred…
Establishment Clause
Part of the 1st amendment that prohibits the government from…
22 terms
Civil Rights and Liberties
civil rights
civil liberties
habeas corpus
ex post facto
the right to be free from discrimination. actions by the gove…
basic rights and freedoms guaranteed through the Constitution…
A court order requiring explanation to a judge why a prisoner…
can't punish an individual for action that was legal when he/…
civil rights
the right to be free from discrimination. actions by the gove…
civil liberties
basic rights and freedoms guaranteed through the Constitution…
47 terms
Civil Rights and Liberties
Establishment Clause
Free Exercise Clause
Pure Speech
Speech Plus
1st Amendment... Religion... Says government can't create a natio…
1st Amendment ... Religion... Says individuals can practice any r…
1st Amendment... Words only to express an idea
1st Amendment... Using words and actions to express an idea
Establishment Clause
1st Amendment... Religion... Says government can't create a natio…
Free Exercise Clause
1st Amendment ... Religion... Says individuals can practice any r…
19 terms
civil liberties/civil rights
14th amendment 3 parts:
5th Amendment part:
Slaughter House Cases (1873)
2 types of due process:
1. no state shall make a law that abridges the PRIVILEGES OR…
provided that no person should be "deprived of life, liberty,…
first time the 14th amendment was put into use. the court mad…
procedural due process... substantive due process
14th amendment 3 parts:
1. no state shall make a law that abridges the PRIVILEGES OR…
5th Amendment part:
provided that no person should be "deprived of life, liberty,…
Civil Rights/Civil Liberties
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
Gitlow v. New York (1925)
Near v. Minnesota (1931)
Everson v. Board of Education (1942)
-helped define the concept of federalism... -bill of rights only…
-free speech due to the 14th amendment... -states were not compl…
-freedom of speech and prior restraint... (((incorporation)))
-NJ law allowed reimbursements of money to parents who sent t…
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
-helped define the concept of federalism... -bill of rights only…
Gitlow v. New York (1925)
-free speech due to the 14th amendment... -states were not compl…
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