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Study sets matching "rna biology dna rna dna rna protein"

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Study sets matching "rna biology dna rna dna rna protein"

25 terms
Biology: DNA, RNA, and Proteins
Replication
Transcription
Translation
Transformation
copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
process in which part of the nucleotide sequence of DNA is co…
decoding of a mRNA message into a polypeptide chain
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
Replication
copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
Transcription
process in which part of the nucleotide sequence of DNA is co…
24 terms
Biology: DNA, RNA, and Proteins
DNA Polymerase
DNA Helicase
Base Pair
Complementary Strand
an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of the DNA molecule.
an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix during DNA replic…
A = T ; G = C ; made up of nitrogenous bases.
each side of a DNA strand complements the side opposite it, c…
DNA Polymerase
an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of the DNA molecule.
DNA Helicase
an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix during DNA replic…
109 terms
Biology: DNA,RNA and Proteins
Mid-twentieth century scientists
Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase
Viruses
Virus studied in Hershey and Chase
Unsure if proteins or chromosomes were the genetic material o…
Set out to find whether protein or DNA was the genetic materi…
Infect cells and transform them into virus producing factorie…
T2 Bacteriophage
Mid-twentieth century scientists
Unsure if proteins or chromosomes were the genetic material o…
Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase
Set out to find whether protein or DNA was the genetic materi…
15 terms
Biology: DNA, RNA, and Protein
RNA polymerase
messenger RNA (mRNA)
RNA
ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
An enzyme that regulates RNA synthesis
long strands of RNA nucleotides that are formed complementary…
nucleic acid that contains ribose, 4 nitrogenous bases (adeni…
type of RNA that associates with the proteins to form ribosom…
RNA polymerase
An enzyme that regulates RNA synthesis
messenger RNA (mRNA)
long strands of RNA nucleotides that are formed complementary…
10 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein-Biology
RNA
Messenger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
Transfer RNA
a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but…
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
Part of the structure of ribosomes.
type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes…
RNA
a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but…
Messenger RNA
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
14 terms
Biology DNA, RNA, and Protein
DNA and RNA are polymers called_, and…
What are the three parts of a nucleoti…
If the DNA double helix were a twisted…
What type of bonds hold together the s…
nucleic acids, nucleotides
sugars, phosphate group, nitrogen base
alternating sugar and phosphate
covalent
DNA and RNA are polymers called_, and…
nucleic acids, nucleotides
What are the three parts of a nucleoti…
sugars, phosphate group, nitrogen base
24 terms
Biology: DNA, RNA, and Protein
DNA is an example of what macromolecul…
What process copies the DNA into a com…
What site in the cell would you find p…
By the end of transcription and transl…
Nucleic acid is the macromolecule and the monomer is nucleotide
Transcription
Ribosomes
Protein
DNA is an example of what macromolecul…
Nucleic acid is the macromolecule and the monomer is nucleotide
What process copies the DNA into a com…
Transcription
15 terms
Biology DNA to RNA to Protein
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Inhibitory RNA
Carries protein-building instructions from DNA to ribosomes w…
A major component of the ribosomes, is essential for protein…
A molecular hook, it delivers amino acids from the cytoplasm…
They are 21-25 nucleotides long and destroy mRNA and therefor…
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Carries protein-building instructions from DNA to ribosomes w…
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
A major component of the ribosomes, is essential for protein…
10 terms
Biology: DNA, RNA and protein
RNA
Messenger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
Transfer RNA
A nucleic acid similar to DNA
Long strands of RNA nucleotides that are formed complementary…
The type of RNA that associates with proteins to form ribosom…
Smaller segments of RNA nucleotides that transport amino acid…
RNA
A nucleic acid similar to DNA
Messenger RNA
Long strands of RNA nucleotides that are formed complementary…
Biology DNA/RNA/Protein
What are the building blocks of nuclei…
What two structures constiture the bac…
What is the location of hydrogen bonds…
What are the 4 nitrogenous bases found…
nucleotides
deoxyribose and phosphate
between the nitrogenous bases... between the backbone (phosphod…
ADENINE- THYMINE... GUANINE- CYTOSINE
What are the building blocks of nuclei…
nucleotides
What two structures constiture the bac…
deoxyribose and phosphate
30 terms
DNA, RNA, and Proteins (Biology)
gene
adenine
double helix
DNA
part of DNA that has a specific trait
nitrogen base, always matches with thymine
a "ladder" that spirals upward; shape of DNA
a molecule that contains the entire instructions for making p…
gene
part of DNA that has a specific trait
adenine
nitrogen base, always matches with thymine
14 terms
Biology DNA, RNA, and Proteins
thomas hunt morgan
fredrick griffith
double helix
nucleotides
used the white eyed fly to show chromosomes where the heart o…
discovered the 2 types of bacteria: S and R. s carries pneumo…
the "spiral staircase" form of DNA
carbon based subunits that make up DNA
thomas hunt morgan
used the white eyed fly to show chromosomes where the heart o…
fredrick griffith
discovered the 2 types of bacteria: S and R. s carries pneumo…
34 terms
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
DNA
Roselyn Franklin
James Watson/Francis Crick
Nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
developed the double-helix model of the structure of DNA.
made up of a sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
Roselyn Franklin
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
34 terms
Biology DNA, RNA, AND PROTEIN
The letter "DNA" stand of
DNA is composed of smaller subunits kn…
The three parts of a nucleotide are
The four nitrogen bases that are found…
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Nucleotides
Nitrogenous base, Phosphate group, and five carbon sugar
Adenine, Cytosine, Guanie, and Thymine
The letter "DNA" stand of
Deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA is composed of smaller subunits kn…
Nucleotides
24 terms
DNA/RNA & Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
amino acid
nitrogenous base
hydrogen bond
made of a phosphate group, a 5 carbon sugar, and a nitrogenou…
a compound with an amino group on one end and a carboxyl grou…
adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine
a weak attraction between a hydrogen atom and another atom
nucleotide
made of a phosphate group, a 5 carbon sugar, and a nitrogenou…
amino acid
a compound with an amino group on one end and a carboxyl grou…
33 terms
DNA --> RNA --> Protein
DNA
DNA
RNA
RNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell, formed…
ribonucleic acid
a single-stranded nucleic acid consisting of a phosphate grou…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell, formed…
Biology DNA, RNA, and Proteins
The three bases on the tRNA molecule t…
Which nucleotide is always paired with…
Ribosomes are made of
DNA replication results in two DNA mol…
Anticon
(T)hymine
RNA and Proteins
one new strand and one original strand
The three bases on the tRNA molecule t…
Anticon
Which nucleotide is always paired with…
(T)hymine
37 terms
Biology DNA, RNA, Proteins
replication
uracil
DNA polymerase
nucleosomes
making a copy of DNA is called
which nitrogen base isn't used during replication
the enzyme that adds the complementary nucleotides and spell…
the beadlike bundles that form when DNA wraps up
replication
making a copy of DNA is called
uracil
which nitrogen base isn't used during replication
37 terms
DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis
What sugar is found in DNA?
What sugar is found RNA?
What is the arrangement of DNA propose…
What enzyme unzips DNA before replicat…
Deoxyribose
Ribose
Double Helix
DNA Helicase
What sugar is found in DNA?
Deoxyribose
What sugar is found RNA?
Ribose
10 terms
Biology DNA, RNA, and Proteins
RNA
Messenger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
Transfer RNA
a nucleic acid present in all living cells
the form of RNA in which genetic information transcribed from…
the cell's essential protein factory
consisting of folded molecules that transport amino acids fro…
RNA
a nucleic acid present in all living cells
Messenger RNA
the form of RNA in which genetic information transcribed from…
17 terms
Biology: DNA, RNA, and Proteins
the "blueprint" from which all living…
he showed that traits were passes from…
the instructions for inherited traits…
deoxyribonucleic acid
What is DNA?
Who was Gregor Mendel?
Genes
What does DNA stand for?
the "blueprint" from which all living…
What is DNA?
he showed that traits were passes from…
Who was Gregor Mendel?
24 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
Complementary Base Pair
Chromosome
Gene
Genome
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
Any of several threadlike structure within the nucleus that c…
A sequence of DNA that codes for a single protein and therefo…
The complete genetic material of an organism.
Complementary Base Pair
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
Chromosome
Any of several threadlike structure within the nucleus that c…
17 terms
Biology: DNA, RNA, and Proteins
What is DNA?
Who was Gregor Mendel?
Genes
What does DNA stand for?
the "blueprint" from which all living things are made
he showed that traits were passes from parents to offspring
the instructions for inherited traits located on chromosomes
deoxyribonucleic acid
What is DNA?
the "blueprint" from which all living things are made
Who was Gregor Mendel?
he showed that traits were passes from parents to offspring
8 terms
DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis
The sugar in DNA is
What are the three components of a nuc…
Is this structure DNA or RNA?
What process is shown in the diagram?
deoxyribose
sugar, phosphate, and nitrogenous base
DNA
Transcription.
The sugar in DNA is
deoxyribose
What are the three components of a nuc…
sugar, phosphate, and nitrogenous base
24 terms
Biology DNA-RNA-Proteins Vocab
1. DNA ... (deoxyribonucleic acid)
gene
chromosomes
genome
master copy of an organism's informational code that contains…
segment of DNA that controls protein production and the cell…
cell structures that carry the genetic material that is copie…
the complete set of genes or genetic material present in a ce…
1. DNA ... (deoxyribonucleic acid)
master copy of an organism's informational code that contains…
gene
segment of DNA that controls protein production and the cell…
24 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
Complementary Base Pair
Chromosome
Gene
Genome
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
Any of several threadlike structure within the nucleus that c…
A sequence of DNA that codes for a single protein and therefo…
The complete genetic material of an organism.
Complementary Base Pair
the nucleotide bases in one strand of DNA or RNA that are pai…
Chromosome
Any of several threadlike structure within the nucleus that c…
40 terms
DNA, RNA, Protein
Shape of the DNA?
Scientists credited with establishing…
Molecules of DNA are composed of long…
What are pyrimidines?
Double Helix
Watson and Crick
Nucleotides
thymine and cytosine
Shape of the DNA?
Double Helix
Scientists credited with establishing…
Watson and Crick
12 terms
DNA and RNA; RNA and protein synthesis
genes
messenger RNA
ribosomal RNA
transfer RNA
a sequence of DNA that encodes for the production of a protein
RNA that carries copies of instructions for assembling amino…
RNA that makes up ribosomes and read the mRNA to assemble pro…
RNA fetch the correct amino acid and attach them to growing p…
genes
a sequence of DNA that encodes for the production of a protein
messenger RNA
RNA that carries copies of instructions for assembling amino…
25 terms
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
DNA
Nucleotide
Chargaff's Rule
Double Helix
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitroge…
Adensine=Thymine and Cytosine=Guanine
The shape of DNA consists of two strands of polynucleotide ch…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
Nucleotide
made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitroge…
37 terms
DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis
What sugar is found in DNA?
What sugar is found RNA?
What is the arrangement of DNA propose…
What enzyme unzips DNA before replicat…
Deoxyribose
Ribose
Double Helix
DNA Helicase
What sugar is found in DNA?
Deoxyribose
What sugar is found RNA?
Ribose
34 terms
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
DNA
Roselyn Franklin
James Watson/Francis Crick
Nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
developed the double-helix model of the structure of DNA.
made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitroge…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
Roselyn Franklin
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
34 terms
DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis
What sugar is found in DNA?
What sugar is found RNA?
What is the arrangement of DNA propose…
What enzyme unzips DNA before replicat…
Deoxyribose
Ribose
Double Helix
DNA Helicase
What sugar is found in DNA?
Deoxyribose
What sugar is found RNA?
Ribose
20 terms
DNA/RNA & Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
amino acid
nitrogenous base
hydrogen bond
made of a phosphate group, a 5 carbon sugar, and a nitrogenou…
a compound with an amino group on one end and a carboxyl grou…
adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine
a weak attraction between a hydrogen atom and another atom
nucleotide
made of a phosphate group, a 5 carbon sugar, and a nitrogenou…
amino acid
a compound with an amino group on one end and a carboxyl grou…
34 terms
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
DNA
Roselyn Franklin
James Watson/Francis Crick
Nucleotide
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
developed the double-helix model of the structure of DNA.
made up of a sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans an…
Roselyn Franklin
studied the DNA molecule using a technique called X-ray diffr…
16 terms
Biology - DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis
Base Sequence
DNA Replication
Helicase
Replication Fork
the order of the nitrogenous bases on a chain of DNA
Make an exact copy of the DNA, happens during Inter phase (s…
An enzyme that untwists the double helix of DNA at the replic…
A Y-shaped region on a replicating DNA molecule where the par…
Base Sequence
the order of the nitrogenous bases on a chain of DNA
DNA Replication
Make an exact copy of the DNA, happens during Inter phase (s…
39 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein
nucleotide
deoxyribose
nitrogenous base
purines
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA molecules
Contains nitrogen and carbon atoms and is a base; adenine, gu…
Nitrogen bases that have a double ring of carbon and nitrogen…
nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
deoxyribose
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA molecules
20 terms
DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis
Amino Acid
Anticodon
Base pairing
Codon
Compound with an amino group (NH2) on one end and a carboxyl…
Group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Three-nucleotide sequence on mRNA that codes for a single ami…
Amino Acid
Compound with an amino group (NH2) on one end and a carboxyl…
Anticodon
Group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
18 terms
DNA, RNA and protein synthesis
Nucleotide
Nitrogenous base
Eukaryotic DNA
Prokaryotic DNA
Made of a pentose sugar (Deoxyribose in DNA and ribose in RNA…
Adenine, cytosine, guanine and in DNA thymine, in RNA urcail
Is linear, associated with the protein histone and found in t…
Do not contain introns like eukaryotic DNA, circular and not…
Nucleotide
Made of a pentose sugar (Deoxyribose in DNA and ribose in RNA…
Nitrogenous base
Adenine, cytosine, guanine and in DNA thymine, in RNA urcail
DNA/RNA/Protein Synthesis / Biology
What does DNA stand for?
What is the function of DNA?
What is the monomer (building block) o…
What is the structure of a nucleotide?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
DNA codes for the building of proteins in a cell.
Nucleotides
Nucleotides are made of a phosphate group, sugar (deoxyribose…
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
What is the function of DNA?
DNA codes for the building of proteins in a cell.
23 terms
Biology: DNA/RNA and Protein Synthesis
Describe the structure and function of…
What is the structure of a nucleotide…
What is a purine and what are the bases?
What DNA bases go with each other?
DNA is a double helix made of nucleotides connected together…
DNA: dexyoribose (sugar), base (guanine, adenine,THYMINE, cyt…
a base with a double carbon ring, guanine and adenine
adenine and thymine ... guanine and cytosine
Describe the structure and function of…
DNA is a double helix made of nucleotides connected together…
What is the structure of a nucleotide…
DNA: dexyoribose (sugar), base (guanine, adenine,THYMINE, cyt…
23 terms
DNA/RNA and protein synthesis
DNA
Deoxyribose
Double Helix
Nucleotides
Deoxyribonulcleic acid
Sugar in DNA
Shape and structure of DNA
Building block of DNA and RNA. Made of a phosphate group, sug…
DNA
Deoxyribonulcleic acid
Deoxyribose
Sugar in DNA
54 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
What is the primary function of DNA in…
What is the process of DNA duplicating…
When does DNA duplicate itself?
What is the spiral structure of the tw…
to store information that tells the cells which proteins to m…
Replication
Right before the cell divides
double helix
What is the primary function of DNA in…
to store information that tells the cells which proteins to m…
What is the process of DNA duplicating…
Replication
17 terms
DNA, RNA, & Protein Synthesis
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
double helix
nucleotide
deoxyribose
contain the sugar deoxyribose, has bases adenine, thymine, gu…
shape of a DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands a…
"A building block of DNA and RNA, consisting of a nitrogenous…
sugar in DNA
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
contain the sugar deoxyribose, has bases adenine, thymine, gu…
double helix
shape of a DNA molecule formed when two twisted DNA strands a…
15 terms
DNA & RNA and Protein Synthesis
DNA
Double Helix
RNA
Types of RNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid. The double helix (spiral staircase) sh…
A spiral staircase shape that represents the structure of DNA.
Ribonucleic Acid. The single stranded molecule that copies a…
mRNA: Messenger RNA. This molecule carries the instructions f…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid. The double helix (spiral staircase) sh…
Double Helix
A spiral staircase shape that represents the structure of DNA.
17 terms
DNA/RNA/Protein synthesis
DNA
Watson and Crick
nucleotide
difference between RNA and DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, found in nucleus, genetic material, do…
scientists who discovered DNA in 1950's
one working unit of DNA; made up of three parts: phosphate, s…
type of sugar that it is made of... DNA - deoxyribose RNA - ribo…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, found in nucleus, genetic material, do…
Watson and Crick
scientists who discovered DNA in 1950's
72 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein Biology Test
nucleotide found in DNA
Nucleotide found in RNA
DNA location in Euk.
process DNA is copied
deoxyribose+phosphate group+ nitrogenous base(A,T,G,C)
ribose+phosphate group+ nitrogenous base(A,U,G,C)
nucleus
replication
nucleotide found in DNA
deoxyribose+phosphate group+ nitrogenous base(A,T,G,C)
Nucleotide found in RNA
ribose+phosphate group+ nitrogenous base(A,U,G,C)
45 terms
Biology - DNA/RNA/Protein Synthesis
What does DNA stand for?
what are the three parts of the nucleo…
What are the four bases found in DNA?
How do the bases pair up (what pairs w…
Deoxribonucleic acid
5-carbon sugar... Phosphate and nitrogen base (A, T, C, or G)
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine
A - T... G - C
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxribonucleic acid
what are the three parts of the nucleo…
5-carbon sugar... Phosphate and nitrogen base (A, T, C, or G)
28 terms
DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
Frederick Griffith
Hershey & Chase
Rosalind Franklin
Watson & Crick
harmless live bacteria mixed with heat-killed infectious bact…
Used radioactive isotopes to label viruses
Used X-Ray Crystallography to discover shape of DNA. Never cr…
Credited with discovering structure of DNA
Frederick Griffith
harmless live bacteria mixed with heat-killed infectious bact…
Hershey & Chase
Used radioactive isotopes to label viruses
59 terms
Biology - DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
DNA structure
Complementary base pairing
Replication fork
Purines
Double helix composed of paired nucleotides (sugar, phosphate…
Connected by hydrogen bonds; A-T and C-G
The points at which the DNA strands separate during replication
Bases with two rings of carbon and nitrogen atoms; Adenine an…
DNA structure
Double helix composed of paired nucleotides (sugar, phosphate…
Complementary base pairing
Connected by hydrogen bonds; A-T and C-G
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