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Study sets matching "rna biology dna rna"

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Study sets matching "rna biology dna rna"

27 terms
Molecular Biology- DNA & RNA
double helix
nucleotide
adenine
thymine
the twisted ladder structure of DNA.
sub unit of nucleic acid (monomer) made of 5 carbon sugar, ph…
purine that pairs with thymine
pyrimidine (single ring) that pairs with adenine
double helix
the twisted ladder structure of DNA.
nucleotide
sub unit of nucleic acid (monomer) made of 5 carbon sugar, ph…
Biology - DNA / RNA Vocabulary
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
Base Pairing
Process by which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
Virus that infects bacteria
Monomer of nucleic acid; consists of a 5-carbon sugar, phosph…
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Transformation
Process by which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
Bacteriophage
Virus that infects bacteria
65 terms
Biology DNA/RNA
DNA
amino acids
Transformation
deoxyribonuclease
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Building blocks of protein, order and type make up the protei…
the change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation…
an enzyme which degrades DNA.
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
amino acids
Building blocks of protein, order and type make up the protei…
8 terms
Biology - DNA/RNA
Gene Expression
Transcription
Translation
Codon
How a specific gene shows itself in an organism.
The process making RNA from DNA
The process of taking the codons and making proteins/amino ac…
A specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
Gene Expression
How a specific gene shows itself in an organism.
Transcription
The process making RNA from DNA
35 terms
DNA + RNA + cell biology
Which nucleotide is switched around in…
What's the difference between a nucleo…
What does histone acetylationi do?
What is the major difference between p…
RNA has thymine instead of uracil, which is found in DNA
Nucleoside: base + (deoxy)ribose... Nucleotide: base + (deoxy)ri…
Makes histones active
Pyrimidine base production you start w base first (orotic aci…
Which nucleotide is switched around in…
RNA has thymine instead of uracil, which is found in DNA
What's the difference between a nucleo…
Nucleoside: base + (deoxy)ribose... Nucleotide: base + (deoxy)ri…
25 terms
Biology: DNA, RNA, and Proteins
Replication
Transcription
Translation
Transformation
copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
process in which part of the nucleotide sequence of DNA is co…
decoding of a mRNA message into a polypeptide chain
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
Replication
copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
Transcription
process in which part of the nucleotide sequence of DNA is co…
20 terms
Biology DNA/RNA/mRNA/tRNA
RNA
mRNA
Mutagen
tRNA
-Ribonucleic acid... -Acts as the messenger between DNA and ribo…
Three nucleotides which are called codons
Physical or chemical agent that causes mutations to occur
Form of RNA that picks up amino acids in the cytoplasm and ca…
RNA
-Ribonucleic acid... -Acts as the messenger between DNA and ribo…
mRNA
Three nucleotides which are called codons
31 terms
Biology DNA and RNA
mRNA
rRNA
tRNA
What is DNA?
1 type of RNA; messenger
1 type of RNA; ribosomal
1 type of RNA; transfer
the code for life
mRNA
1 type of RNA; messenger
rRNA
1 type of RNA; ribosomal
14 terms
Biology Final: DNA and RNA
DNA
RNA
mRNA
tRNA
Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid
Ribonucleic Acid
Messenger RNA
Transfer RNA
DNA
Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid
RNA
Ribonucleic Acid
21 terms
Biology DNA and RNA
DNA
Double Helix
Nucleotides (New-Cleo-Tides)
Nucleotide - #1
Genetic Code; all living things have it
Structure of DNA
Small sub-units of DNA
5 carbon Sugar
DNA
Genetic Code; all living things have it
Double Helix
Structure of DNA
43 terms
Biology ~ DNA, RNA
Pathway to making a protein
Walter Sutton
Frederick Griffith
Oswald Theodore Avery
DNA --> mRNA --> tRNA (ribosomes)--> Protein
1903, noted the parallelism between chromosome behavior and M…
1928, discovered a TRANSFORMING PRINCIPLE, which led to the d…
Identified "transforming principle" as DNA with coworkers Col…
Pathway to making a protein
DNA --> mRNA --> tRNA (ribosomes)--> Protein
Walter Sutton
1903, noted the parallelism between chromosome behavior and M…
Biology - DNA and RNA
nucleotide
Watson and Crick
Double Helix
Backbone of DNA
monomer that makes up DNA
the two scientists that identified the structure of DNA
the structure of DNA
made up of phosphate and sugar (deoxyribose) (held together b…
nucleotide
monomer that makes up DNA
Watson and Crick
the two scientists that identified the structure of DNA
29 terms
Biology - DNA & RNA
DNA
nucleotide
purines
pyrimidines
deoxyribonucleic acid is the basis of heredity... -able to self…
the basic unit of DNA... -composed of deoxyribose (a sugar) bond…
in DNA include adenine (A) and guanine (G)... -larger in structu…
in DNA include cytosine (C) and thymine (T)... -smaller in struc…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid is the basis of heredity... -able to self…
nucleotide
the basic unit of DNA... -composed of deoxyribose (a sugar) bond…
27 terms
Biology DNA/RNA
genes
chromatin
chromosomes
sister chromatids
segment of DNA that is located in a chromosome that codes for…
spread out, unorganized DNA
DNA wrapped around proteins=histones (organized) - X shaped
two arms of each chromosomes
genes
segment of DNA that is located in a chromosome that codes for…
chromatin
spread out, unorganized DNA
56 terms
Biology: DNA & RNA review
DNA
Nucleotide Components
structure of DNA
complementary base pairing
Deoxyʀɪʙᴏɴ̅ᴜ̅ᴄ̅ʟ̅ᴇ̅ɪ̅ᴄ̅ A̲c̲i̲d̲... -missing oxygen... -ꜱᴜɢᴀʀ... -…
🔹 sugar = deoxyribos... 🔹 phosphate = phosphorus surrounded by o…
🔹discovered by Rosalind Franklin by use of x-ray crystallogra…
🔹in DNA, adenine will always pair with thymine & guanine will…
DNA
Deoxyʀɪʙᴏɴ̅ᴜ̅ᴄ̅ʟ̅ᴇ̅ɪ̅ᴄ̅ A̲c̲i̲d̲... -missing oxygen... -ꜱᴜɢᴀʀ... -…
Nucleotide Components
🔹 sugar = deoxyribos... 🔹 phosphate = phosphorus surrounded by o…
16 terms
Biology DNA RNA
DNA
Nucleotide
Nitrogen Base
Polymer
(deoxyribo nucleic acid) Stores and transmits the genetic inf…
"each nucleotide is made up of 3 basic units 5 carbon sugar c…
"There are 4 nitrogen bases in DNA, Adenine, Guanine, Cytosin…
A group of monomers or small moleculers that have joined toge…
DNA
(deoxyribo nucleic acid) Stores and transmits the genetic inf…
Nucleotide
"each nucleotide is made up of 3 basic units 5 carbon sugar c…
24 terms
Biology: DNA, RNA, and Proteins
DNA Polymerase
DNA Helicase
Base Pair
Complementary Strand
an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of the DNA molecule.
an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix during DNA replic…
A = T ; G = C ; made up of nitrogenous bases.
each side of a DNA strand complements the side opposite it, c…
DNA Polymerase
an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of the DNA molecule.
DNA Helicase
an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix during DNA replic…
49 terms
Biology Test (DNA & RNA)
DNA
RNA
tRNA
rRNA
Double strand helix; stores hereditary material from parents;…
Single stranded.
(transfer) carries amino acids to the ribosomes to make prote…
(ribosomal) forms the ribosome that is the protein factory.
DNA
Double strand helix; stores hereditary material from parents;…
RNA
Single stranded.
31 terms
Biology: mRNA/tRNA-DNA/RNA
Whats the central dogma?
What are the steps of DNA replication?
Why does DNA replicate?
Where does DNA replicate?
DNA makes a copy of it self; the code in DNA is copied in mRN…
1. Untwists by a helicaseenzyme: unzips hydrogen bonds... 2. DNA…
So a new copy of DNA is available for each new cell when cell…
Nucleus
Whats the central dogma?
DNA makes a copy of it self; the code in DNA is copied in mRN…
What are the steps of DNA replication?
1. Untwists by a helicaseenzyme: unzips hydrogen bonds... 2. DNA…
30 terms
Biology - DNA & RNA
What is DNA is composed of ___________…
Each nitrogenous base can be either a…
Which bases pair in DNA?
Which nitrogenous bases are pyrimidine…
nucleotides; sugar, phosphate, nitrogenous base
purine or pyrimidine
Adenine pairs with Thymine, Guanine pairs with Cytosine
Adenine and Guanine are PURINES... Cytosine and Thymines are PYR…
What is DNA is composed of ___________…
nucleotides; sugar, phosphate, nitrogenous base
Each nitrogenous base can be either a…
purine or pyrimidine
26 terms
Biology: DNA/ RNA
What's a DOUBLE HELIX? ⌇⌇⌇
FREDERICK GRIFFITH? 🐎
Oswald Avery?
Alfred HErsehy and Martha Chase
A twisted ladder shape, formed by 2 strands of nucleotides tw…
-First major experiment that led to the discovery of DNA as t…
DNA=Key to transformation... -isolated different macromolecules,…
-provided definite evidence that DNA is the transforming fact…
What's a DOUBLE HELIX? ⌇⌇⌇
A twisted ladder shape, formed by 2 strands of nucleotides tw…
FREDERICK GRIFFITH? 🐎
-First major experiment that led to the discovery of DNA as t…
24 terms
DNA and RNA test.biology
what are chargaffs rule?
Griffith: what did he do?
What dud Avery do?
What did hershey and chase do?
base pairing rules. A and T and C and G. A=T C=G
Transforming principal. S and live R killed the mouse.
identified Dna as the transforming principal
confirm dna is the genetic material
what are chargaffs rule?
base pairing rules. A and T and C and G. A=T C=G
Griffith: what did he do?
Transforming principal. S and live R killed the mouse.
34 terms
DNA/RNA
purine
3 parts of a nucleotide
Backbone of DNA
Watson & Crick
adenine & guanine (both are double ringed structures)
Sugar, Phosphate, and Nitrogen-containing base
Made up of sugar and phosphate
The scientists who won the Nobel prize for the structure of DNA
purine
adenine & guanine (both are double ringed structures)
3 parts of a nucleotide
Sugar, Phosphate, and Nitrogen-containing base
35 terms
Biology Benchmark- RNA and DNA
Nucleotide
What are the differences between DNA a…
What are purines Pyrimidines?
Which of the bases pair together?
phosphate + pentagonal sugar + nitrogenous bases
Shape. Sugar, Thymine vs Uracil
Purines: Adenine and Guanine ... Pyrimidines: Thymine and Cytosine
Adeline to Thymine or Uracil ... Cytosine to Guanine
Nucleotide
phosphate + pentagonal sugar + nitrogenous bases
What are the differences between DNA a…
Shape. Sugar, Thymine vs Uracil
109 terms
Biology: DNA,RNA and Proteins
Mid-twentieth century scientists
Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase
Viruses
Virus studied in Hershey and Chase
Unsure if proteins or chromosomes were the genetic material o…
Set out to find whether protein or DNA was the genetic materi…
Infect cells and transform them into virus producing factorie…
T2 Bacteriophage
Mid-twentieth century scientists
Unsure if proteins or chromosomes were the genetic material o…
Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase
Set out to find whether protein or DNA was the genetic materi…
12 terms
DNA & RNA
DNA
Double Helix
RNA
Types of RNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid. The double helix (spiral staircase) sh…
A spiral staircase shape that descibes the structure of DNA.
Ribonucleic Acid. The single stranded molecule that copies a…
There are two you must know:... mRNA: Messenger RNA. This molecu…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid. The double helix (spiral staircase) sh…
Double Helix
A spiral staircase shape that descibes the structure of DNA.
12 terms
DNA/RNA
Nucleotides
Gene
Amino acid
RNA
subunit of nucleic acid; consists of five carbon sugar, a pho…
Section of DNA that creates a specific protein. Found on a ch…
Building blocks of proteins. There are 20 total.
a nucleic acid that forms a copy of dna for use in making pro…
Nucleotides
subunit of nucleic acid; consists of five carbon sugar, a pho…
Gene
Section of DNA that creates a specific protein. Found on a ch…
32 terms
DNA & RNA
deoxyribose
nitrogen bases
4 DNA nucleotides
4 RNA nucleotides
the sugar in DNA
part of a nucleotide, the "rungs" of the DNA structure
adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine
adenine, uracil, cytosine, guanine
deoxyribose
the sugar in DNA
nitrogen bases
part of a nucleotide, the "rungs" of the DNA structure
33 terms
DNA/RNA
Nucleotides
Gene
Amino acid
RNA
Subunit of nucleic acid; consists of five carbon sugar, a pho…
Section of DNA that creates a specific protein. Found on a ch…
Building blocks of proteins. There are 20 total.
A nucleic acid consisting of adenine, uracil, cytosine, and g…
Nucleotides
Subunit of nucleic acid; consists of five carbon sugar, a pho…
Gene
Section of DNA that creates a specific protein. Found on a ch…
71 terms
Biology- DNA and RNA
Adenine to _________________
Cytosine to _________________
phosphate, deoxyribose and Nitrogen base
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine and Cytosine
Guanine
Thymine
What makes up a nucleotide?
What are the four nitrogen bases for DNA?
Adenine to _________________
Guanine
Cytosine to _________________
Thymine
29 terms
DNA & RNA Biology Test!
just floating around inside their cell…
in the nucleus
nucleotides
phosphoric acid (phosphate group), deo…
Where do you find DNA in a Prokaryotic Cell (bacteria)?
Where do you find DNA in a Eukaryotic cell (humans)?
DNA is a polymer. What are it's monomers?
What are the 3 parts of a nucleotide?
just floating around inside their cell…
Where do you find DNA in a Prokaryotic Cell (bacteria)?
in the nucleus
Where do you find DNA in a Eukaryotic cell (humans)?
47 terms
Biology: DNA and RNA
DNA can be transferred from one organi…
Transformation will not occur unless D…
Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase
a long molecule made up of units calle…
In 1928 (British) Frederick Griffith experiment about DNA con…
What did (Canadian) Oswald Avery conclude from continuing Gri…
Which (American) scientists studied viruses?
What is DNA?
DNA can be transferred from one organi…
In 1928 (British) Frederick Griffith experiment about DNA con…
Transformation will not occur unless D…
What did (Canadian) Oswald Avery conclude from continuing Gri…
16 terms
Biology- DNA and RNA
Operon
Messenger RNA
Hox Gene
Transfer RNA
Group of genes operating together
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
Series of genes that controls the organs and tissues that dev…
Type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes…
Operon
Group of genes operating together
Messenger RNA
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
16 terms
DNA & RNA
DNA
Double Helix
RNA
Types of RNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid. The double helix (spiral staircase) sh…
A spiral staircase shape that represents the structure of DNA.
Ribonucleic Acid. The single stranded molecule that copies a…
There are two you must know:... mRNA: Messenger RNA. This molecu…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid. The double helix (spiral staircase) sh…
Double Helix
A spiral staircase shape that represents the structure of DNA.
42 terms
DNA & RNA
deoxyribose
nitrogen bases
4 DNA nucleotides
4 RNA nucleotides
the sugar in DNA
part of a nucleotide
adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine
adenine, uracil, cytosine, guanine
deoxyribose
the sugar in DNA
nitrogen bases
part of a nucleotide
24 terms
Biology - DNA / RNA Vocabulary
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
Base Pairing
Process by which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
Virus that infects bacteria
Monomer of nucleic acid; consists of a 5-carbon sugar, phosph…
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Transformation
Process by which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
Bacteriophage
Virus that infects bacteria
48 terms
DNA & RNA
deoxyribose
nitrogen bases
4 DNA nucleotides
4 RNA nucleotides
the sugar in DNA
part of a nucleotide, the "rungs" of the DNA structure
adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine
adenine, uracil, cytosine, guanine
deoxyribose
the sugar in DNA
nitrogen bases
part of a nucleotide, the "rungs" of the DNA structure
28 terms
Biology Chapter 12: DNA and RNA
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotides
base pairing
process in which one strain of bacteria changes into another…
A virus that infects bacteria.
Basic units of DNA molecule made up of deoxyribose sugar, a p…
Principle that states hydrogen bonds can form only between ce…
transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria changes into another…
bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacteria.
24 terms
Biology - DNA / RNA Vocabulary
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
Base Pairing
Process by which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
Virus that infects bacteria
Monomer of nucleic acid; consists of a 5-carbon sugar, phosph…
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Transformation
Process by which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
Bacteriophage
Virus that infects bacteria
124 terms
Biology- ADDED DNA AND RNA
Atomic Number
Nucleus of an atom
Number of neutrons
Number of Electrons
The number of protons
Made up of 2 particles, Protons (positive charged) and Neutro…
Atomic mass minus atomic number
same as the number of protons
Atomic Number
The number of protons
Nucleus of an atom
Made up of 2 particles, Protons (positive charged) and Neutro…
34 terms
DNA, RNA
DNA
RNA
nucleus
cytoplasm
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
where RNA performs transcription
where RNA performs translation
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
RNA
ribonucleic acid
66 terms
Biology DNA & RNA
A process joins amino acids together t…
process makes a copy of DNA?
A process makes mRNA?
A process that occurs at the ribosomes?
Translation
Replication
Transcription
Translation
A process joins amino acids together t…
Translation
process makes a copy of DNA?
Replication
58 terms
Biology: DNA and RNA
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
uracil
transcription
translation
a molecule made of a single strand of nucleotides
the nitrogen base in RNA nucleotides that replaces thymine
the process where the instructions for making a protein are t…
the process where cells use two different types of RNA to rea…
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
a molecule made of a single strand of nucleotides
uracil
the nitrogen base in RNA nucleotides that replaces thymine
37 terms
Biology DNA/RNA
Number of sugar molecules in DNA secti…
Carbohydrate subunit of a polysacchari…
Name of sugar found in DNA not RNA.
Base triplet in M-RNA that specifies a…
six
sugar
deoxyribose
codon
Number of sugar molecules in DNA secti…
six
Carbohydrate subunit of a polysacchari…
sugar
25 terms
Biology DNA and RNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
DNA Polymerase
Replication
Mutation
Nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose
Enzyme that "proofreads" new DNA strands, helping to ensure t…
Copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
Change in a DNA sequence that affects genetic information
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose
DNA Polymerase
Enzyme that "proofreads" new DNA strands, helping to ensure t…
14 terms
Biology-DNA & RNA
DNA
RNA
DNA Nucleotides (bases)
How DNA pairs
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Ribonucleic acid
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine
Thymine pairs with Adenine and Cytosine pairs with Guanine.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
RNA
Ribonucleic acid
77 terms
Biology 1020 DNA, RNA,
Describe the backbone of a DNA structure
State Chargaff's rule
Summarize what happens to DNA in DNA r…
Origins of Replication
Sugar units give directionality because carbon 3 connects to…
in any species there is an equal number of A and T and an equ…
Parent molecules unwind and 2 new daughter strands are built…
Special sites where replication begins and where the two DNA…
Describe the backbone of a DNA structure
Sugar units give directionality because carbon 3 connects to…
State Chargaff's rule
in any species there is an equal number of A and T and an equ…
15 terms
Biology DNA/RNA
Deoxyribose
Nucleotide
Adenine
Cytosine
sugar derived from ribose by replacing a hydroxyl group with…
a compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to a phosphate g…
a compound that is one of the four constituent bases of nucle…
A pyrimidine base found in dna and rna that pairs with guanin…
Deoxyribose
sugar derived from ribose by replacing a hydroxyl group with…
Nucleotide
a compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to a phosphate g…
49 terms
Biology B- RNA & DNA
The three main difference between RNA…
What is the importance of the cells ab…
What is one job in which most RNA mole…
Messenger RNA
1. The sugar is Ribose instead of deoxyribose... 2. RNA is gener…
Makes it possible for a single gene to produce hundreds of RN…
Protein synthesis, the assembly of amino acids into proteins…
Carries copies of the instructions for assembling amino acids…
The three main difference between RNA…
1. The sugar is Ribose instead of deoxyribose... 2. RNA is gener…
What is the importance of the cells ab…
Makes it possible for a single gene to produce hundreds of RN…
47 terms
Biology DNA and RNA
shape of DNA
DNAs monomer
3 parts of a nucleotide
4 nucleotides
double helix
nucleotide
phosphate group, deoxyribose(sugar), nitrogen containing base
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, and Cytosine
shape of DNA
double helix
DNAs monomer
nucleotide
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