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Study sets matching "rna nucleic acids"

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Study sets matching "rna nucleic acids"

16 terms
Nucleic Acids - RNA
RNA Definition:
Nucleotide Definition:
Nucleic Acid Definition:
Enzyme Definition:
The Nucleic Acid Polymer that can leave the Nucleus - RNA is…
The monomer of the DNA and RNA polymer; composed of a Phoshph…
A type of Macromolecule that contains the instructions for ev…
A type of Protein that speeds up chemical reactions
RNA Definition:
The Nucleic Acid Polymer that can leave the Nucleus - RNA is…
Nucleotide Definition:
The monomer of the DNA and RNA polymer; composed of a Phoshph…
6 terms
Nucleic Acids (DNA/RNA)
Nucleotide
Sugar, phosphate & nitrogenous base
Adenine, Guanine, Thymine and Cytosine
DNA
What is the building block of all nucleic acids?
List the three components of a nucleotide.
List the four nitrogenous bases
This molecule is double stranded and stores genetic informati…
Nucleotide
What is the building block of all nucleic acids?
Sugar, phosphate & nitrogenous base
List the three components of a nucleotide.
8 terms
Nucleic Acids: RNA & DNA
RNA
thymine
nucleic acid
guanine
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a macromolecule that includes messe…
Thymine is a pyrimidine nitrogen-containing base. In a DNA mo…
Nucleic acids are important biological molecules that are the…
Guanine is a purine nitrogen-containing base. In a DNA molecu…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a macromolecule that includes messe…
thymine
Thymine is a pyrimidine nitrogen-containing base. In a DNA mo…
10 terms
Nucleic Acids = DNA, RNA
Monomers:
DNA
RNA
Model
Nucleotides
Genetics
Making amino acids
(blue should be 5 carbon sugar aka pentose and green should b…
Monomers:
Nucleotides
DNA
Genetics
10 terms
Nucleic Acids and RNA
Condensation vs Hydrolysis Reactions
General Structure of a nucleotide
Polymerization via Phosphodiester Link…
Structure of RNA
Condensation vs Hydrolysis Reactions
General Structure of a nucleotide
12 terms
Nucleic Acids: DNA/RNA
DNA
RNA
Nucleic Acid
Nitrogenous Bases of DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Ribonucleic Acid
Basic building blocks of Nucleotides
Adenine (A), Guanine (G), Cytosine (C), Thymine (T)
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
RNA
Ribonucleic Acid
22 terms
DNA/RNA/Nucleic Acids
What does DNA stand for
RNA
Nucleic acids
Nucleotides
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Ribonucleic acid
store and transmit hereditary information. Consist of chain o…
consist of pentose, phosphate group, nitrogenous base
What does DNA stand for
Deoxyribonucleic acid
RNA
Ribonucleic acid
55 terms
Nucleic Acids (DNA & RNA)
What are the fundamental units of here…
One gene =
What does DNA stand for?
What does RNA stand for?
genes
one protein
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
What are the fundamental units of here…
genes
One gene =
one protein
Nucleic Acids - DNA & RNA
What is the Monomer of DNA?
What is the polymer?
Draw the structure of DNA.
How many Hydrogen bonds are between…
Nucleotides:... Thymine... Adenine... Guanine ... Cytosine
- Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)... - Found in the nucleus
...
2 Hydrogen Bonds
What is the Monomer of DNA?
Nucleotides:... Thymine... Adenine... Guanine ... Cytosine
What is the polymer?
- Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)... - Found in the nucleus
28 terms
Nucleic acids, DNA, RNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonu…
What does DNA do in all living cells?
What does RNA do in all living cells?
What are ribosomes formed from?
Important information-carrying molecules
Holds genetic infomation
Transfers genetic information from DNA to the ribosomes.
RNA and proteins.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonu…
Important information-carrying molecules
What does DNA do in all living cells?
Holds genetic infomation
34 terms
Nucleic Acids: DNA & RNA
Nucleic Acid
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
Nucleotides
A polymer (long repeating chain) of nucleotides - covalently…
Usually a double helix made up of 2 chains of deoxyribonucleo…
Usually a singe-stranded chain of ribonucleotides.
These are the building blocks of nucleic acids. The contain a…
Nucleic Acid
A polymer (long repeating chain) of nucleotides - covalently…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Usually a double helix made up of 2 chains of deoxyribonucleo…
12 terms
Nucleic Acids: RNA
Primary Structure
Secondary Structure
Template Strand
Coding Strand
-Single stranded, ribonucleotides, 3' to 5' phosphodiester bo…
-Can form double stranded regions (see lecture picture)... -Com…
Template strand of DNA is transcribed in the 3' to 5' directi…
Coding Strand is NOT transcribed. An RNA sequence (5' to 3')…
Primary Structure
-Single stranded, ribonucleotides, 3' to 5' phosphodiester bo…
Secondary Structure
-Can form double stranded regions (see lecture picture)... -Com…
13 terms
Nucleic Acids- DNA RNA
Elements that make up nucleic acids
Element that is present in DNA but abs…
Element that is present in proteins bu…
A monomer of nucleic acid is called
carbon... hydrogen... oxygen... nitrogen ... phosphorous
phosphorous
sulfur
nucleotides
Elements that make up nucleic acids
carbon... hydrogen... oxygen... nitrogen ... phosphorous
Element that is present in DNA but abs…
phosphorous
32 terms
Nucleic Acids (DNA/RNA)
what are DNA and RNA made up of
the formation of deoxyribose from ribo…
Nitrogenous bases
Purines
a phosphate, a pentose sugar (ribose for RNA and dioxyribose…
a reduction reaction because you "gained" a hydrogen
purines and pyrimidines
adenine and guanine (pure as gold)
what are DNA and RNA made up of
a phosphate, a pentose sugar (ribose for RNA and dioxyribose…
the formation of deoxyribose from ribo…
a reduction reaction because you "gained" a hydrogen
25 terms
Nucleic Acids, DNA, RNA
nucleus
nucleotides
5 carbon sugar, nitrogen bases, phosph…
DNA
nucleic acids are found in ________________ of cells
nucleic acids are made of repeating units called ____________…
each nucleotide contains a _______________________, _________…
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleus
nucleic acids are found in ________________ of cells
nucleotides
nucleic acids are made of repeating units called ____________…
Nucleic acids = DNA & RNA
DNA Function
RNA function
Lipids
Code to build all proteins (order of amino acids) ... Carry inst…
Several kinds of RNA mRNA, tRNA, rRNA) ... Work together to carr…
Fats , phospholipids , steroids
DNA Function
Code to build all proteins (order of amino acids) ... Carry inst…
RNA function
Several kinds of RNA mRNA, tRNA, rRNA) ... Work together to carr…
29 terms
Nucleic acids DNA, RNA
Lipids three kinds
Fats
Unsaturated fat
Saturated fats
Triglycerides(fats) phospholipids and steroids
Supply energy are built from glycerol and 3 fatty acids also…
Fatty acids with one or more double bonds example olive oil,…
Fatty acids with hydrogen at every position along the carbon…
Lipids three kinds
Triglycerides(fats) phospholipids and steroids
Fats
Supply energy are built from glycerol and 3 fatty acids also…
19 terms
Nucleic Acids: DNA & RNA
The source of genetic information in c…
The chemical link between generations.
The 4th type of Macromolecules.
Dictate amino-acid.... Give information t…
DNA and RNA
DNA and RNA
DNA and RNA
what DNA and RNA do
The source of genetic information in c…
DNA and RNA
The chemical link between generations.
DNA and RNA
23 terms
nucleic acids (DNA/RNA)
Franklin
uracil
purines
thymine
used X-ray diffraction to photograph the structure of DNA
an N base found only in RNA
large nitrogen bases
adenine is always paired with...
Franklin
used X-ray diffraction to photograph the structure of DNA
uracil
an N base found only in RNA
10 terms
Nucleic Acids: RNA
Compare and contrast the molecular str…
Explain why RNA is hydrolyzed under al…
Explain why stem loop structures are a…
Describe the main features that charac…
...
- RNA has an extra hydroxyl group
- Complementary base pairs
- Complementary base pairs... - Mismatched base pairs... - Stem loo…
Compare and contrast the molecular str…
...
Explain why RNA is hydrolyzed under al…
- RNA has an extra hydroxyl group
9 terms
Nucleic Acids and RNA
Nucleic acids
Pyrimidine
Purine
Phosphodiester
polymoers of nucleotides
-C,U,T ... -single ring
-A, G... -double ring
links nucleotides together from 5' to 3'
Nucleic acids
polymoers of nucleotides
Pyrimidine
-C,U,T ... -single ring
46 terms
Nucleic Acids: DNA & RNA
Decoding DNA
RNA Function
DNA det's (Prok's)
DNA det's (Euk's)
Begins with synthesis of RNA
Makes proteins :D
Circular, located in cytoplasm of bacteria
Linear; resides in chromosomes
Decoding DNA
Begins with synthesis of RNA
RNA Function
Makes proteins :D
4. Nucleic Acids and RNA
nucleotide
phosphate group
5' carbon
3' carbon
forms the basic structural unit of nuecleic acids such as DNA…
phosphate atom bonded to four oxygen, present in the sugar ph…
phosphate --> carbon
carbon --> phosphate
nucleotide
forms the basic structural unit of nuecleic acids such as DNA…
phosphate group
phosphate atom bonded to four oxygen, present in the sugar ph…
32 terms
NUCLEIC ACIDS DNA RNA
TRANSCRIPTION
TRANSLATION
Structure of DNA
Base Pairing Rule
A matches with U and G matches with C, mRNA copies the DNA in…
mRNA is decoded on a ribosome. tRNA's bring in amino acids th…
-DNA is made of subunits called nucleotides... -DNA nucleotides…
-Watson and Crick showed that DNA is a double helix... -A (adeni…
TRANSCRIPTION
A matches with U and G matches with C, mRNA copies the DNA in…
TRANSLATION
mRNA is decoded on a ribosome. tRNA's bring in amino acids th…
10 terms
Nucleic Acids (DNA & RNA)
DNA Replication
Double Helix
Base pairing
Histones
The process by which a double-stranded DNA molecule is copied…
Model that compares the structure of a DNA molecule, in which…
How nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenine (A) always bonds w…
Protein that organizes chromosomes and around which DNA wraps
DNA Replication
The process by which a double-stranded DNA molecule is copied…
Double Helix
Model that compares the structure of a DNA molecule, in which…
34 terms
Nucleic Acids 3a RNA
molecule used for translating the gene…
Differences b/t DNA and RNA
single strand RNA
looped RNA
RNA
sugar is ribose... single stranded or looped ... Bases: Uracil not…
messanger RNA
TRNA
molecule used for translating the gene…
RNA
Differences b/t DNA and RNA
sugar is ribose... single stranded or looped ... Bases: Uracil not…
15 terms
Nucleic Acids (DNA & RNA)
Where is DNA found?
Where are genes found?
Where is RNA found
Nucleotides
nucleus; Chromosomes
On chromosomes
Nucleus and cytoplasm
the building blocks of DNA and RNA
Where is DNA found?
nucleus; Chromosomes
Where are genes found?
On chromosomes
6 terms
Nucleic Acids-DNA/RNA
Nucleic Acids
Elements
Structure of DNA
Functions Of DNA
Large complex organic molecules found within cells
C, H, O, N, P
Contains Pentose Sugar Deoxyribose. Composed of 2 strands of…
Formes genes- all nucleic acid sequences necessary to make fu…
Nucleic Acids
Large complex organic molecules found within cells
Elements
C, H, O, N, P
53 terms
Nucleic Acids (DNA and RNA)
Polynucleotides: Nucleic Acid... (polymer)
Nucleotide... (monomer)
1) Sugar Group
2) Phosphate Functional Group
Informational Macromolecules... ∙ Store *information* and *Inst…
Components of a nucleotide:... 1) Sugar Group... 2) Phosphate fun…
5 Carbon Sugar- Deoxyribonucleic acid, Ribonucleic acid.... ∙ D…
- Why DNA & RNA are *acids*... - Donates H+, resulting in negati…
Polynucleotides: Nucleic Acid... (polymer)
Informational Macromolecules... ∙ Store *information* and *Inst…
Nucleotide... (monomer)
Components of a nucleotide:... 1) Sugar Group... 2) Phosphate fun…
15 terms
Nucleic Acids (DNA and RNA)
What are the pairs made in DNA
Nucleic acids
2 types of nucleic acids
Where is DNA found in living organisms
Adenine and Thymine, guanine and cytosine
macromolecules made out of units called nucleotides
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA)
The nucleus
What are the pairs made in DNA
Adenine and Thymine, guanine and cytosine
Nucleic acids
macromolecules made out of units called nucleotides
16 terms
Nucleic Acids DNA & RNA
DNA
RNA
Macromolecules
Where is DNA found
-Sugar... deoxyribose... Nitrogenous Base has 4, Adenine, Guanine,…
-Sugar... ribose ... RNA has 4 Nitrogenous base which are Adenine,…
store information and provide instructions for building prote…
DNA is found in the nuclei of eukaryotic cells
DNA
-Sugar... deoxyribose... Nitrogenous Base has 4, Adenine, Guanine,…
RNA
-Sugar... ribose ... RNA has 4 Nitrogenous base which are Adenine,…
15 terms
Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA
Nucleic acid
DNA
RNA
Nucleoside
Polymer (long repeating chain) of nucleotides
double helix made of two chains of deoxyribonucleotides
A single stranded chain of ribonucleotides
Nitrogen base and pentose sugar without phosphate group
Nucleic acid
Polymer (long repeating chain) of nucleotides
DNA
double helix made of two chains of deoxyribonucleotides
26 terms
Nucleic Acids (DNA & RNA)
Large macromolecules of DNA and RNA?
nucleic acid that contains genetic ins…
main role of DNA
DNA is often compared to a set of what?
nucleic acids
DNA
long term storage of information
Blueprints
Large macromolecules of DNA and RNA?
nucleic acids
nucleic acid that contains genetic ins…
DNA
8 terms
Nucleic Acids: DNA/RNA
what does DNA do?
RNA
what are nucleotides made of?
DNA structure
-carries genetic info from a cell... -"blueprint" for making pro…
-chemically similar to DNA... -"disposable copy" of DNA
-sugar (deoxyribose or ribose)... -phosphate group... -nitrogen base
-double helix... -2 separate DNA molecules twisted together ... -ni…
what does DNA do?
-carries genetic info from a cell... -"blueprint" for making pro…
RNA
-chemically similar to DNA... -"disposable copy" of DNA
45 terms
DNA/RNA Nucleic Acids
DNA structure
what is the backbone
what is the sugar in DNA?
what is the sugar in RNA?
nucleotide has phosphate, sugar, and nitrogenous base, double…
phosphate and sugar
deoxyribose
ribose
DNA structure
nucleotide has phosphate, sugar, and nitrogenous base, double…
what is the backbone
phosphate and sugar
25 terms
Nucleic Acids -> DNA & RNA
Nucleic Acids
the monomer or nucleic acid is
Nuclotides are made of 3 parts
Where is DNA located
biomolecules that carry hereditary information
nucleotides
1. phosphate group... 2. 5 carbon sugar; dna has deoxyribose, R…
Nucleus (Eukaryotic) and Cytoplasm (Prokaryotic)
Nucleic Acids
biomolecules that carry hereditary information
the monomer or nucleic acid is
nucleotides
30 terms
Nucleic Acids- DNA and RNA
Nucleotides
Nitrogenous Bases found in DNA
Nitrogenous Bases found in RNA
DNA molecule
Subunits of nucleic acids and has 3 parts: Ribose(sugar), 3 p…
adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), cytosine (C)
Adenine (A), uracil (U), guanine (G), cytososine (C)
Double-stranded polymer, with the two strands held together b…
Nucleotides
Subunits of nucleic acids and has 3 parts: Ribose(sugar), 3 p…
Nitrogenous Bases found in DNA
adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), cytosine (C)
30 terms
DNA and RNA - The Nucleic Acids
Monomer of DNA and other nucleic acids…
Nitrogenous Base Pairs
The fact that one strand governs the b…
DNA complexed with proteins is called...
Nucleotide
Adenine-Thymine... Cytosine-Guanine ... (A+G double ringed)
The Law of Complementary Base Pairing
Chromatin
Monomer of DNA and other nucleic acids…
Nucleotide
Nitrogenous Base Pairs
Adenine-Thymine... Cytosine-Guanine ... (A+G double ringed)
31 terms
Nucleic Acids & RNA review
Nucleic acids are polymers made up of…
What is the difference between a ribon…
What is/are the variable structure(s)…
Which of the following includes all of…
A
B
D
C
Nucleic acids are polymers made up of…
A
What is the difference between a ribon…
B
14 terms
Nucleic Acids (RNA/DNA)
what is it made up of?
what are the two types of nucleic acids?
what are properties of DNA?
What is DNA for? (what does it contain…
nitrogen... oxygen ... carbon... hydrogen... phosphorous
DNA... RNA
2 strand- twisted (double helix)... found mostly in nucleus... very…
genetic code which acts as the blue print for making proteins
what is it made up of?
nitrogen... oxygen ... carbon... hydrogen... phosphorous
what are the two types of nucleic acids?
DNA... RNA
8 terms
Nucleic Acids and the RNA World
RNA World Hypothesis
Nucleic Acids
Nucleotide
Difference between RNA and DNA
Chemical evolution led to the existence of an RNA molecule th…
made up on monomers called nucleotides
(1) a phosphate group... (2) five carbon sugar... (3) a nitrogeno…
Ribose has an --OH group bonded to the 2' carbon. Deoxyribose…
RNA World Hypothesis
Chemical evolution led to the existence of an RNA molecule th…
Nucleic Acids
made up on monomers called nucleotides
11 terms
Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA
Nucleic acids
Nucleotides
Bases of DNA
Pyrimidines
Polymer of nucleotides
Building blocks of nucleic acids
A,T,C,G
C and T
Nucleic acids
Polymer of nucleotides
Nucleotides
Building blocks of nucleic acids
16 terms
Nucleic Acids- RNA and Transcription
Ribonucleic acid
RNA
n-base, ribose sugar, phosphate
single
full name of rna
nucleic acid used to make protein
molecules that make up RNA nucleotide
RNA is _____ stranded where DNA is double stranded
Ribonucleic acid
full name of rna
RNA
nucleic acid used to make protein
12 terms
Nucleic Acids and the RNA World
Name of the Purines in DNA
Name of Pyrimadines in DNA
Name of Pyrimadine in RNA
Condesation(Dehydration) Reaction for
Adenine and Guanine
Cytosine and Thymine
Uracil
Water out, energy in, phosphodiester bond forms between Nucle…
Name of the Purines in DNA
Adenine and Guanine
Name of Pyrimadines in DNA
Cytosine and Thymine
19 terms
Nucleic Acids : RNA and DNA
What do the building blocks (monomers)…
a monomer is a three part unit called…
What are the 3 parts in a nucleotide?
what are the two 5 carbon sugars?
H, O, C, N, P
Nucleotide
1. 5 carbon sugar... 2. Nitrogen base... 3. Phosphate group
Deoxyribose or ribose
What do the building blocks (monomers)…
H, O, C, N, P
a monomer is a three part unit called…
Nucleotide
15 terms
Nucleic Acids: RNA and Viruses
What roles does RNA have?
What are some unique structural charac…
What is the function of tRNA?
What is a common structure of tRNA?
-proteins synthesis... -enzyme activity
-Uracil instead of thymine... -Single Stranded that bonds with i…
-move amino acids to ribosome for assembly ... -one specific ami…
-Interchain base pairing leading to wrapped cloverleaf... -many…
What roles does RNA have?
-proteins synthesis... -enzyme activity
What are some unique structural charac…
-Uracil instead of thymine... -Single Stranded that bonds with i…
Nucleic Acids and the RNA World
RNA world hypothesis
Nucleotides
Phosphate group, five-carbon sugar, ni…
Ribonucleotides
life began as a polymer called a nucleic acid--specifically,…
the monomers that make up nucleic acids
the three components of a nucleotide
the monomers that make up RNA
RNA world hypothesis
life began as a polymer called a nucleic acid--specifically,…
Nucleotides
the monomers that make up nucleic acids
28 terms
Nucleic Acids and the RNA world
RNA world hypothesis
what type of monomer are nucleic acids…
three components of a nucleotide
ribonucleotides are monomers of
proposal that life began as a polymer (specifically ribonucle…
nucleotides
1. a phosphate group... 2. a five carbon sugar... 3. a nitrogenous…
RNA: ribonucleic acid
RNA world hypothesis
proposal that life began as a polymer (specifically ribonucle…
what type of monomer are nucleic acids…
nucleotides
10 terms
Nucleic Acids - DNA and RNA
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Chromosome
How many proteins do a gene code for?
How many human genes are there?
carries info for traits (PROTEINS) that are passed from gener…
1 long DNA molecule w/chromosomal proteins
ONE
Estimated 30,000-60,000. Most code for mRNA, which is transla…
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
carries info for traits (PROTEINS) that are passed from gener…
Chromosome
1 long DNA molecule w/chromosomal proteins
28 terms
Nucleic Acids and the RNA world
RNA world hypothesis
what type of monomer are nucleic acids…
three components of a nucleotide
ribonucleotides are monomers of
proposal that life began as a polymer (specifically ribonucle…
nucleotides
1. a phosphate group... 2. a five carbon sugar... 3. a nitrogenous…
RNA: ribonucleic acid
RNA world hypothesis
proposal that life began as a polymer (specifically ribonucle…
what type of monomer are nucleic acids…
nucleotides
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