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Study sets matching "rna replication"

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Study sets matching "rna replication"

21 terms
Replication and RNA
Replication
DNA polymerase
3 steps of DNA replication
DNA replication
process of copying DNA prior to cell division
principle enzyme involved in DNA replication; it joins indivi…
(after M phase) ... 1. DNA Helicase unzips the 2 strands allowin…
Replication
process of copying DNA prior to cell division
DNA polymerase
principle enzyme involved in DNA replication; it joins indivi…
22 terms
DNA, Replication, and RNA
Deoxyribose
Ribose
ATGC
AUGC
The sugar in DNA
The sugar in RNA
The four base pairs of DNA
The four base pairs of RNA
Deoxyribose
The sugar in DNA
Ribose
The sugar in RNA
15 terms
RNA Replication
RNA (Ribonucleic Acid)
Central Dogma
Transcription
RNA Polymerase
A nucleic acid found in all living things
DNA -Transcription- RNA -Translation- Protein
A segment of DNA is copied into RNA by the enzyme RNA polymer…
Unwinds DNA and ribosome bases so the DNA strand can be turne…
RNA (Ribonucleic Acid)
A nucleic acid found in all living things
Central Dogma
DNA -Transcription- RNA -Translation- Protein
165 terms
rna replication
Dna and rna are different because
Dna uses
how do e.coli cell replicate
replication fork
dna is only found in the nucleus while rna can travel anywher…
semiconservative model
they do it through origins of replication where the two dna s…
at each end of the bubble is located a replication fork, a Y…
Dna and rna are different because
dna is only found in the nucleus while rna can travel anywher…
Dna uses
semiconservative model
RNA replication
Reading frame
RNA polymerases
The process
Transcription unit
Correct groupinh of nucleotide triplets into codons that are…
Catalyzes transcription ... Separates DNA ... Links RNA nucleotides…
Imitation elongation termination
Nucleotide sequence on template that transcribed into a singl…
Reading frame
Correct groupinh of nucleotide triplets into codons that are…
RNA polymerases
Catalyzes transcription ... Separates DNA ... Links RNA nucleotides…
15 terms
RNA replication
RNA polymerase
RNA ploymerase subunits
Transcription
initiation
lengthens rna 3' to 5'... RNA polymerase I: rRNA synthesis... RNA p…
α: binds regulatory proteins... beta: binds ribonucleotides... beta…
RNA is made in three steps (in this order): initiation, elong…
RNA polymerase (sigma subunit) binds to a promoter region (-1…
RNA polymerase
lengthens rna 3' to 5'... RNA polymerase I: rRNA synthesis... RNA p…
RNA ploymerase subunits
α: binds regulatory proteins... beta: binds ribonucleotides... beta…
21 terms
DNA, RNA and Replication
Erwin Chargaff
Rosalind Franklin
James Watson and Francis Crick
Nucleotide
Discovered that adenine and thymine; cytosine and guanine are…
Used x-ray crystallography to learn about DNA
Found the structure of DNA
Makes up a nucleic acid, composed of sugar, phosphate and nit…
Erwin Chargaff
Discovered that adenine and thymine; cytosine and guanine are…
Rosalind Franklin
Used x-ray crystallography to learn about DNA
28 terms
Replication and RNA
Nucleus
Copying DNA to make new DNA
2 strands separate, helicase unzips st…
Replication fork
Where does Replication occur?
What is Replication?
Process of Replication-
Point at which the strands separate-
Nucleus
Where does Replication occur?
Copying DNA to make new DNA
What is Replication?
18 terms
RNA Replication
Describe the genome of a retrovirus.
What does replicase do?
What does reverse transcriptase do?
What does a retrovirus use replicase a…
dsRNA
its a RNA polymerase - RNA dependent, cannot proofread
1. Makes a copy of its self and inserts it into the host geno…
Making a DNA copy of its genome and inserting it into the hos…
Describe the genome of a retrovirus.
dsRNA
What does replicase do?
its a RNA polymerase - RNA dependent, cannot proofread
27 terms
DNA, RNA and Replication- PAP
How many strands in DNA
How many strands in RNA
What's the sugar in DNA
What's the sugar in RNA
two
one
deoxyribose
ribose
How many strands in DNA
two
How many strands in RNA
one
15 terms
DNA, RNA, Replication
Nucleotides
4 Nitrogenous Bases (DNA)
Two base pairs
Ratio of nucleotide bases
Monomer of Nucleic Acids
Adenine (A), Guanine (G), Cytosine (C), Thymine (T)
A to T, and G to C
1:1
Nucleotides
Monomer of Nucleic Acids
4 Nitrogenous Bases (DNA)
Adenine (A), Guanine (G), Cytosine (C), Thymine (T)
37 terms
DNA, RNA Replication
DNA polymerase III
DNA polymerase I
Endonucleases
Exonuclease
1. Elongates leading strands (by adding deoxynucleotides BP…
1. Elongates leading strands (by adding deoxynucleotides BP…
Cut DNA at very specific DNA sequences within molecule... Ex. N…
Remove nucleotides from the END of a DNA molecule
DNA polymerase III
1. Elongates leading strands (by adding deoxynucleotides BP…
DNA polymerase I
1. Elongates leading strands (by adding deoxynucleotides BP…
10 terms
DNA Replication and RNA Vocabulary
Replication
Replication fork
Helicase
DNA polymerases
the action of copying or reproducing something.
The point at which the two strands of DNA are separated to al…
________ are enzymes that bind and may even remodel nucleic a…
enzymes that create DNA molecules by assembling nucleotides,…
Replication
the action of copying or reproducing something.
Replication fork
The point at which the two strands of DNA are separated to al…
10 terms
DNA/RNA Replication - polymerases
DNA polymerase I
DNA polymerase III
DNA polymerase III
DNA polymerase α
prokaryote
prokaryotes
Builds both the leading strand and the lagging strand
eukaryotes
DNA polymerase I
prokaryote
DNA polymerase III
prokaryotes
23 terms
RNA and DNA replication
DNA replication
Why DNA replication occurs
Semi-Conservative
Meselson and Stahl
-DNA copied during Synthesis
So each new cell made has same genetic info as original
Each new strand is made of 1 part original, 1 part new
determined semi-conservative through experiments using isotop…
DNA replication
-DNA copied during Synthesis
Why DNA replication occurs
So each new cell made has same genetic info as original
15 terms
DNA,RNA, and Replication
Monomer
Base Pairing
1. Helicase
2. Single Strand Binding Protein (SSBP)
Nucleotide
Aedenine and Thymine (A-T)... Cytosine and Guanine (C-G)... Acronym…
"Unwinds" and splits open DNA and cuts hydrogen bonds beetwee…
Keeps DNA open and from reaneeling (Rejoining)
Monomer
Nucleotide
Base Pairing
Aedenine and Thymine (A-T)... Cytosine and Guanine (C-G)... Acronym…
139 terms
6-RNA replication strategies
RNA to RNA via
RNA to DNA via
host cell DNA to RNA via
all animal RNA viruses code for
RNA dependent Rna pol
RNA dependent DNA pol (reverse trancriptase)
DNA Dependent RNA polymerase
polymerase (not all DNA do)
RNA to RNA via
RNA dependent Rna pol
RNA to DNA via
RNA dependent DNA pol (reverse trancriptase)
RNA Replication Zoo 2
Sense Strand
AntiSense Strand
Nucleoid
Codon
same sequence of mRNA and eventually undergoes translation in…
used as template for mRNA, complimentary to Sense. Runs 3'-5'
concentration of DNA
set of 3 nucleotides to make one amino acid found on mRNA
Sense Strand
same sequence of mRNA and eventually undergoes translation in…
AntiSense Strand
used as template for mRNA, complimentary to Sense. Runs 3'-5'
39 terms
DNA & RNA Replication
RNA
Nucleotide
RNA
DNA
delivers information from DNA to sites of protein synthesis
1. Phosphate Group... 2. 5 Carbon sugar (pentose)... 3. Nitrogenous…
OH on 2' carbon
H on 2' Carbon
RNA
delivers information from DNA to sites of protein synthesis
Nucleotide
1. Phosphate Group... 2. 5 Carbon sugar (pentose)... 3. Nitrogenous…
19 terms
DNA/RNA + DNA Replication
Rosalind Franklin
Francis Crick
James Watson
DNA
...
...
...
...
Rosalind Franklin
...
Francis Crick
...
20 terms
DNA/RNA & DNA Replication
Nucleotide
Polynucleotide
Pyrimidines
Purine
an organic molecule made of a:... ● nitrogenous base (the part t…
a nucleotide polymer (chain)... ● the strands that make up DNA &…
single ring nitrogenous base nucleotides
double ring nucleotides nitrogenous base
Nucleotide
an organic molecule made of a:... ● nitrogenous base (the part t…
Polynucleotide
a nucleotide polymer (chain)... ● the strands that make up DNA &…
22 terms
DNA, RNA, Replication and Transcription
BUILDING BLOCKS OF NUCLEIC ACIDS......…
Small segments of DNA that form on the…
Proteins that bind with the core enzym…
The nucleic acids, DNA and RNA, are lo…
Nucleotide
Okazaki fragments
Sigma factor
1. Nucleotides... 2. Ribose
BUILDING BLOCKS OF NUCLEIC ACIDS......…
Nucleotide
Small segments of DNA that form on the…
Okazaki fragments
49 terms
DNA, DNA replication, and RNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleic acid
nucleotide
mutation
what does DNA mean
type of organic molecule in dna
monomer of dna
an error during dna replication
deoxyribonucleic acid
what does DNA mean
nucleic acid
type of organic molecule in dna
17 terms
dna structure/ replication / rna
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
how many H bonds? what are the covalen…
antisense strand
sense strand
dna obtained form some sort of tissue, used with raw material…
covalent bonds, everywhere
the dna strand that is transcribed by mRNA
not transcribed.... same as mRNA except U
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
dna obtained form some sort of tissue, used with raw material…
how many H bonds? what are the covalen…
covalent bonds, everywhere
67 terms
DNA REPLICATION AND RNA
Overall shape of DNA?
Pyramidines
Purines
What nitrogenous bases are pyrimidines?
Double Helix
single ring
double ring
Thymine and Cytosine
Overall shape of DNA?
Double Helix
Pyramidines
single ring
29 terms
DNA, RNA & DNA Replication
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Instructions for making an organism
fragment or section of DNA
instructions for making proteins in th…
DNA
DNA
gene
gene
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
DNA
Instructions for making an organism
DNA
69 terms
DNA/RNA Structure and Replication
20,000
1.5%
chromosomes
nucleotides
number of genes per cell
amount of chromosomes that are actually genes
made of DNA and protein
DNA is a polymer of ________
20,000
number of genes per cell
1.5%
amount of chromosomes that are actually genes
37 terms
Science DNA, RNA, and replication
James Watson, Frances Crick, Franklin…
Componenets of a Nucleotide
the different nitrogen bases
DNA
Founders of the DNA structure and its functions
The Deoxyribose sugar, the phosphate group and the nitrogen b…
adenine, guanine, thymine, cytosine, and uracil (mRNA)
deoxyribosenucleic acid ... Tells how the organism looks like, d…
James Watson, Frances Crick, Franklin…
Founders of the DNA structure and its functions
Componenets of a Nucleotide
The Deoxyribose sugar, the phosphate group and the nitrogen b…
23 terms
DNA replication and RNA
3 facts about DNA replication
What is semiconservative replication?
What is conservative replication?
What is dispersive replication?
1: high fidelity (minimal errors), 2: once and only once per…
parental DNA strands separate, each is used as a template for…
parental molecule serves as template for the synthesis of ent…
parent molecule is cut into sections, daughter molecules cont…
3 facts about DNA replication
1: high fidelity (minimal errors), 2: once and only once per…
What is semiconservative replication?
parental DNA strands separate, each is used as a template for…
34 terms
chapter 17 RNA replication
genotype
phenotype
gene expression
Archibald Garrod
genes you have 1 mom, 1 dad
physically expressed traits
the process by which DNA directs protein synthesis
1st to suggest genes dictate phenotype through enzymes that c…
genotype
genes you have 1 mom, 1 dad
phenotype
physically expressed traits
19 terms
Replication, transcription, RNA
Helicase
Replication location
Replication purpose
DNA polymerase
Unzips
Nucleus
To make more copies of DNA
Builds new DNA
Helicase
Unzips
Replication location
Nucleus
18 terms
DNA, RNA, replication worksheet
nucleic acid
nucleotides
double helix
2
what type of macromolecules DNA?
what are the monomer units (building blocks) of DNA?
What term is given to the shape of the DNA molecule
How many strands is a DNA molecule
nucleic acid
what type of macromolecules DNA?
nucleotides
what are the monomer units (building blocks) of DNA?
10 terms
DNA replication & RNA vocab
Replication
Replication fork
Helicases
DNA polymerases
The double helix is unwound and bases are matched to create t…
The point at which the two strands separate to allow replicat…
Enzymes that bind and remodel nucleic acids.
An enzyme that creates DNA molecules by assembling nucleotides.
Replication
The double helix is unwound and bases are matched to create t…
Replication fork
The point at which the two strands separate to allow replicat…
10 terms
DNA replication and RNA vocabulary
Replication
Replication Fork
Helicases
DNA polymerases
Copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
A Y-shaped region on a replicating DNA molecule where new str…
Enzymes that untwist the double helix at the replication forks
The enzymes responsible for adding nucleotides to the exposed…
Replication
Copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
Replication Fork
A Y-shaped region on a replicating DNA molecule where new str…
13 terms
DNA/RNA replication
SSB
RNA Primase
Polymerase III
Polmerase I
stabilizes DNA strands
puts DNA primer down
adds new nucleotides on leading strand and okazaki fragments…
replaces RNA with DNA
SSB
stabilizes DNA strands
RNA Primase
puts DNA primer down
18 terms
DNA and RNA Replication
DNA has 2 functions:... 1) to make new st…
During replication the only nucleic ac…
The ___ first unwinds, then____, more_…
The product is 2_____ strands of DNA.
1)DNA... 2)proteins
DNA
DNA; unzips; DNA
identical
DNA has 2 functions:... 1) to make new st…
1)DNA... 2)proteins
During replication the only nucleic ac…
DNA
14 terms
DNA and RNA replication words
transformation
Chargaff's Rules
antiparallel
pyrimidines
a change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of…
1. the base composition of DNA varies between species... 2. for…
subunits run in opposite directions
A and G
transformation
a change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of…
Chargaff's Rules
1. the base composition of DNA varies between species... 2. for…
7 terms
dna and rna replication
Double Helix
DNA Ligase
DNA Polymerase
DNA Helicase
The DNA molecule is in the shape of a(n).
Links DNA fragments back together.
Adds nucleotides along the DNA.
"Unzips" the DNA strands
Double Helix
The DNA molecule is in the shape of a(n).
DNA Ligase
Links DNA fragments back together.
10 terms
RNA and DNA replication
3 types of RNA
messenger RNA (mRNA)
transfer RNA (tRNA)
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
messenger, transfer, and ribosomal RNA
translates a message to form protein
transfers the message to from cytoplasm to a ribosome to make…
the cell's protein factories
3 types of RNA
messenger, transfer, and ribosomal RNA
messenger RNA (mRNA)
translates a message to form protein
22 terms
Biochem- DNA, RNA replication
DNA polymerase III (pro) or DNA polyme…
DNA poly. I (pro) or RNase H (euk)
DNA poly I (pro) or DNA poly sigma (euk)
DNA ligase
synthesizes new daughter strand
removes the RNA primer
Fills DNA in where RNA primer was
seals ends of DNA molecules toghether
DNA polymerase III (pro) or DNA polyme…
synthesizes new daughter strand
DNA poly. I (pro) or RNase H (euk)
removes the RNA primer
45 terms
RNA virus replication (3)
positive sense RNA genome
positive sense RNA virus families
Negative sense RNA genome
negative sense RNA virus families
-same orientation in which an mRNA would be translated into p…
art-as-cali-co-fla-pi-toga... - arteriviridae... -astroviridae... -cal…
-the complimentary strand has to be translated into proteins…
bornaviridae... filoviridae... orthomyxoviridae... paramyxoviridae... rha…
positive sense RNA genome
-same orientation in which an mRNA would be translated into p…
positive sense RNA virus families
art-as-cali-co-fla-pi-toga... - arteriviridae... -astroviridae... -cal…
9 terms
DNA replication and RNA vocabulary
Replication
replication fork
helicases
DNA polmerases
The process of duplicating or producing an exact copy of a po…
A Y-shaped region in a chromosome that serves as the growing…
An enzyme that utilizes energy from nucleoside triphosphate (…
enzymes involved in template directed synthesis of dna from d…
Replication
The process of duplicating or producing an exact copy of a po…
replication fork
A Y-shaped region in a chromosome that serves as the growing…
7 terms
DNA / RNA replication
ssDNA
dsDNA
DNA reverse transcriptase
RNA (+ strand)
Host cell enzymes transcribe viral DNA in nucleus
Host cell enzymes transcribe viral DNA in nucleus
Host cell enzymes transcribe viral DNA in nucleus; reverse tr…
Viral RNA functions as template for synthesis of RNA polymera…
ssDNA
Host cell enzymes transcribe viral DNA in nucleus
dsDNA
Host cell enzymes transcribe viral DNA in nucleus
20 terms
DNA and RNA replication
nucleus
chromosome
duplicated chromosome
centromere
the central and most important part of an object
a thread like structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
a major mechanism through which new genetic material is gener…
the point on a chromosome by which it is attached to a spindl…
nucleus
the central and most important part of an object
chromosome
a thread like structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
44 terms
DNA RNA replication
Frederick Griffith
Oswald Avery
Hershey and Chase
Rosalind Franklin
discovered in 1928 that there was a transformation factor fro…
discovered in 1944 that DNA was the transformation factor, bu…
discovered in 1952 that the transformation factor was DNA by…
took the Photo 51 that showed DNA was a double helix because…
Frederick Griffith
discovered in 1928 that there was a transformation factor fro…
Oswald Avery
discovered in 1944 that DNA was the transformation factor, bu…
19 terms
DNA rna replication
Point
Frameshift
Substitution
Polyploidy
Change in one or just a few nucleotide in the code
Deletion or insertion that causes the reading frame on the re…
One nucleotide in code is replaced by another
Complete set of chromosomes fails to separate resulting in 3N…
Point
Change in one or just a few nucleotide in the code
Frameshift
Deletion or insertion that causes the reading frame on the re…
14 terms
DNA & RNA Replication
Adenine
Cytosine
Guanine
Uracil
A compound that is one of the four constituent bases of nucle…
A compound found in living tissue as a constituent base of nu…
A compound that occurs in guano and fish scales and is one of…
A compound found in living tissue as a constituent base of RN…
Adenine
A compound that is one of the four constituent bases of nucle…
Cytosine
A compound found in living tissue as a constituent base of nu…
17 terms
RNA/DNA, replication
ORC
MCM complex
PCNA/RFC
RPA
origin recognition complex; brings MCM to ori
replicative helicase (mini chromosome maintenance) = helicase…
processivity sliding clamp (proliferating cell nuclear antige…
single strand binding protein; replication protein A; binds s…
ORC
origin recognition complex; brings MCM to ori
MCM complex
replicative helicase (mini chromosome maintenance) = helicase…
27 terms
DNA and RNA replication
Transformation
Nucleotide
Bacteriophage
Base pairing
One strain of bacteria had changed permanently into another.
DNA made up of units
Virus that infects bacteria "bacteria eater"
Hydrogen bonds can form only between certain base pairs-adeni…
Transformation
One strain of bacteria had changed permanently into another.
Nucleotide
DNA made up of units
18 terms
DNA, RNA, and Replication
Watson-Crick Model
Chargaff's Rules
RNA
mRNA
-consist of 2 nucleotide chains ... -each strand antiparrallel…
DNA from any cell of any organism has 1:1 ratio of pyrimidine…
Ribose instead of Deoxyribose, contains Uracil
Messenger RNA; copies DNA (nucleus) and provides a transcript…
Watson-Crick Model
-consist of 2 nucleotide chains ... -each strand antiparrallel…
Chargaff's Rules
DNA from any cell of any organism has 1:1 ratio of pyrimidine…
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