Study sets matching "rna"

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Study sets matching "rna"

5 terms
RNA
RNA
mRNA
tRNA
rRNA
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
Carries messages directly from DNA in the nucleus to the cyto…
Transfer RNA; type of RNA that carries amino acids to the rib…
makes up ribosomes
RNA
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
mRNA
Carries messages directly from DNA in the nucleus to the cyto…
15 terms
RNA
RNA
Protein synthesis
Transcription
Messenger RNA or mRNA
Ribonucleic acid is a nucleic acid that carries information f…
Process by which cell make proteins
DNA is used as a pattern to make a matching strand of RNA
The RNA that carries the instructions from DNA in the nucleus…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid is a nucleic acid that carries information f…
Protein synthesis
Process by which cell make proteins
RNA
RNA
mRNA
tRNA
rRNA
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
Carries messages directly from DNA in the nucleus to the cyto…
Transfer RNA; type of RNA that carries amino acids to the rib…
makes up ribosomes
RNA
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
mRNA
Carries messages directly from DNA in the nucleus to the cyto…
13 terms
RNA
What is RNA?
ribose
single stranded
mRNA
Ribonucleic Acid
the sugar in RNA
RNA has this many strands
messenger RNA; leaves through a nuclear pore and goes to a ri…
What is RNA?
Ribonucleic Acid
ribose
the sugar in RNA
53 terms
RNA
What is RNA short for?
How is RNA similar to DNA?
How is RNA different from DNA?
Why are the chemical differences betwe…
Ribonucleic Acid.
Like DNA, RNA is made up of a surgar, a phosphate group, and…
RNA is different from DNA is three ways: (1) the sugar in RNA…
Because they make it easier for enzymes in the cell to tell D…
What is RNA short for?
Ribonucleic Acid.
How is RNA similar to DNA?
Like DNA, RNA is made up of a surgar, a phosphate group, and…
RNA
Messenger RNA(mRNA)
Transfer RNA(tRNA)
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
Transcription
-the messenger between the nucleus and the rest of the cell.…
-Translates the information from the mRNA then brings amino a…
-it's located in ribosome.... -it makes up the structure of the…
-RNA is produced from DNA.... -occur in the nucleus of the cell.…
Messenger RNA(mRNA)
-the messenger between the nucleus and the rest of the cell.…
Transfer RNA(tRNA)
-Translates the information from the mRNA then brings amino a…
18 terms
RNA
RNA
Ribose
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Ribonucleic acid, responsible for the movement of genetic inf…
Sugar molecule of RNA
Type of RNA that carries genetic information from the DNA in…
Type of RNA that binds to specific amino acids
RNA
Ribonucleic acid, responsible for the movement of genetic inf…
Ribose
Sugar molecule of RNA
8 terms
RNA
RNA
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
Ribonucleic acid, responsible for the movement of genetic inf…
Type of RNA that carries genetic information from the DNA in…
Type of RNA that binds to specific amino acids
Type of RNA that makes up the ribosome where proteins are made
RNA
Ribonucleic acid, responsible for the movement of genetic inf…
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Type of RNA that carries genetic information from the DNA in…
RNA
RNA
Function of RNA
DNA vs. RNA
rRNA
Ribose Nucleic Acid
-Can go in and out of the nucleus (wherever)... -Instructions fo…
DNA: Sugar-Deoxyribose... Double stranded (anti-parallel)... Bases:…
Ribosomal RNA... -Found in the nucleolus... -Makes up the ribosome
RNA
Ribose Nucleic Acid
Function of RNA
-Can go in and out of the nucleus (wherever)... -Instructions fo…
18 terms
RNA
RNA
Ribose
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Ribonucleic acid, responsible for the movement of genetic inf…
Sugar molecule of RNA
Type of RNA that carries genetic information from the DNA in…
Type of RNA that binds to specific amino acids
RNA
Ribonucleic acid, responsible for the movement of genetic inf…
Ribose
Sugar molecule of RNA
17 terms
RNA
nucleotides
double helix
sugar & phosphate
proteins
consists of a sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogenous base
the shape of DNA
make up the sides of the RNA "ladder"
function as structural building blocks for the cells and as e…
nucleotides
consists of a sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogenous base
double helix
the shape of DNA
53 terms
RNA
What is RNA short for?
How is RNA similar to DNA?
How is RNA different from DNA?
Why are the chemical differences betwe…
Ribonucleic Acid.
Like DNA, RNA is made up of a surgar, a phosphate group, and…
RNA is different from DNA is three ways: (1) the sugar in RNA…
Because they make it easier for enzymes in the cell to tell D…
What is RNA short for?
Ribonucleic Acid.
How is RNA similar to DNA?
Like DNA, RNA is made up of a surgar, a phosphate group, and…
What is RNA short for?
How is RNA similar to DNA?
How is RNA different from DNA?
Why are the chemical differences betwe…
Ribonucleic Acid.
Like DNA, RNA is made up of a 5-carbon surgar, a phosphate gr…
RNA is different from DNA is three ways: (1) the sugar in RNA…
Because they make it easier for enzymes in the cell to tell D…
What is RNA short for?
Ribonucleic Acid.
How is RNA similar to DNA?
Like DNA, RNA is made up of a 5-carbon surgar, a phosphate gr…
RNA
RNA
mRNA
tRNA
rRNA
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
Carries messages directly from DNA in the nucleus to the cyto…
Transfer RNA; type of RNA that carries amino acids to the rib…
makes up ribosomes
RNA
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
mRNA
Carries messages directly from DNA in the nucleus to the cyto…
18 terms
RNA
RNA
Ribose
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Ribonucleic acid, responsible for the movement of genetic inf…
Sugar molecule of RNA
Type of RNA that carries genetic information from the DNA in…
Type of RNA that binds to specific amino acids
RNA
Ribonucleic acid, responsible for the movement of genetic inf…
Ribose
Sugar molecule of RNA
14 terms
RNA
DNA
Chromosome
proteins are produced on ______
a place proteins are found
controls the production of proteins
Several thousand gene, each with directions to make one prote…
ribosomes
free floating in the cytoplasm
DNA
controls the production of proteins
Chromosome
Several thousand gene, each with directions to make one prote…
20 terms
RNA
Why is RNA necessary?
RNA
What are the monomers of RNA?
What are the 3 components of nucleotid…
- the information in DNA must be liked to the proteins that r…
Ribonucleic acid
nucleotides
- phosphate group... - Ribose sugar... - One of four nitrogenous ba…
Why is RNA necessary?
- the information in DNA must be liked to the proteins that r…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid
RNA
structure of RNA
RNA v. DNA
3 forms of RNA
1. mRNA
1. 5 carbon sugar (ribose)... 2. phosphate group... 3. nitrogen base
1. ribose sugar v. deoxyribose sugar... 2. single strand v. doub…
mRNA, rRNA and tRNA
messenger RNA... carries hereditary information from the DNA and…
structure of RNA
1. 5 carbon sugar (ribose)... 2. phosphate group... 3. nitrogen base
RNA v. DNA
1. ribose sugar v. deoxyribose sugar... 2. single strand v. doub…
9 terms
RNA
Describe the shape of DNA and RNA
How is RNA the ... same as DNA?
How is RNA ... different from DNA?
How many amino acids will be created f…
RNA- single strand... DNA- double strand/twisted ladder
Both have "sugar, phosphate, sugar..." pattern on the sides.…
-different sugar (ribose in RNA)... -No Thymine, only Uracil in…
3... (every 3 letter codon ... represents 1 amino acid)
Describe the shape of DNA and RNA
RNA- single strand... DNA- double strand/twisted ladder
How is RNA the ... same as DNA?
Both have "sugar, phosphate, sugar..." pattern on the sides.…
RNA
RNA
messenger RNA
transfer RNA
ribosomal RNA
ribonucleic acid; single stranded, ribose sugar, 5 carbon sug…
transfers the DNA code to ribosomes for translation
brings amino acids to ribosomes for protein synthesis
ribosomes are made of this and protein
RNA
ribonucleic acid; single stranded, ribose sugar, 5 carbon sug…
messenger RNA
transfers the DNA code to ribosomes for translation
7 terms
RNA
DNA contains
Before mRNA leaves the nucleus, it is
the introns are excised so that only t…
Genetic Code: DNA specifies the synthe…
exons and introns
processed
exons are expressed.
a triplet code
DNA contains
exons and introns
Before mRNA leaves the nucleus, it is
processed
12 terms
RNA
RNA
Gene Expression
Transcription
Translation
A single-stranded nucleic acid containing... the bases adenine,…
use of genetic information... in DNA to make proteins
1st stage of gene expression in which an RNA copy of DNA is m…
2nd stage of gene expression in which 3 kinds of RNA work tog…
RNA
A single-stranded nucleic acid containing... the bases adenine,…
Gene Expression
use of genetic information... in DNA to make proteins
RNA
R (RNA)
N (RNA)
A (RNA)
ribonucleic acid
ribo
nucleic
acid
RNA
ribonucleic acid
R (RNA)
ribo
9 terms
RNA
RNA
Ribose
# of strands
Contains
Ribonucleic Acid
the sugar in RNA
single stranded
Uracil instead of Thymine
RNA
Ribonucleic Acid
Ribose
the sugar in RNA
20 terms
RNA
Role of RNA
DNA vs RNA
Messanger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
To take instructions from DNA to make a protein; put genetic…
RNA- ribose: sugar ;single strand; base pairing- a&u c&g ... DN…
Taking that message from a DNA and giving instruction; riboso…
Makes up the ribosomes so therefore it would make protein
Role of RNA
To take instructions from DNA to make a protein; put genetic…
DNA vs RNA
RNA- ribose: sugar ;single strand; base pairing- a&u c&g ... DN…
12 terms
RNA
Adenine
Deoxyribose
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
MRNA (messenger ribonucleic acid)
base that pairs with thymine in DNA or uracil in RNA
5-carbon sugar lacking an oxygen at the 2 position; part of D…
the abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is the bluepr…
abbreviation for messenger ribonucleic acid; is a single stra…
Adenine
base that pairs with thymine in DNA or uracil in RNA
Deoxyribose
5-carbon sugar lacking an oxygen at the 2 position; part of D…
RNA
RNA
transcription
RNA polymerase
polypeptide
...
...
...
...
RNA
...
transcription
...
RNA
Anticodon
Codon
Elongation
Exon
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
group of three nucleotide bases in mRNA that specify a partic…
the second stage of translation; characterized by the joining…
expressed sequence of DNA; codes for a protein
Anticodon
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
Codon
group of three nucleotide bases in mRNA that specify a partic…
12 terms
RNA
Transcription
Translation
Ribosomes
mRNA
First step of protein synthesis; creation of mRNA from DNA
Second step of protein synthesis; from mRNA to protein
Site of translation from mRNA to proteins
Messenger RNA; complementary copy of DNA
Transcription
First step of protein synthesis; creation of mRNA from DNA
Translation
Second step of protein synthesis; from mRNA to protein
17 terms
RNA
responsible for the movement of geneti…
Sugar molecule of RNA
Type of RNA that carries genetic infor…
Type of RNA that binds to specific ami…
RNA
Ribose
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
responsible for the movement of geneti…
RNA
Sugar molecule of RNA
Ribose
21 terms
RNA
RNA nucleotide
Structure of RNA
mRNA = Messenger RNA
rRNA = Ribosomal RNA
5-Carbon Sugar: ... Ribose... Nitrogen bases:... Adenine (A)... Guanine (…
made up of one chain ... single stranded RNA... Phosphate - Suga…
carries genetic information from the nucleus to the cytoplasm…
serve as a structural components of the ribosome
RNA nucleotide
5-Carbon Sugar: ... Ribose... Nitrogen bases:... Adenine (A)... Guanine (…
Structure of RNA
made up of one chain ... single stranded RNA... Phosphate - Suga…
13 terms
RNA
messenger RNA
ribosomal RNA
transfer RNA
transcription
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
type of RNA that makes up the major part of ribosomes
type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes…
process in which part of the nucleotide sequence of DNA is co…
messenger RNA
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
ribosomal RNA
type of RNA that makes up the major part of ribosomes
RNA
Ribonucleic Acid
Dehydration synthesis
3 and 5
3
What does RNA stand for?
What is RNA sugar-phosphate liked through?
What are the ends of RNA
What is the sugar end?
Ribonucleic Acid
What does RNA stand for?
Dehydration synthesis
What is RNA sugar-phosphate liked through?
RNA
RNA
messenger RNA
ribosomal RNA
transfer RNA
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the assem…
type of RNA that combines with proteins to form ribosomes
type of RNA that carries each amino acid to a ribosome during…
RNA
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
messenger RNA
type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the assem…
5 terms
RNA
Ribonuclecleic Acid (RNA)
Ribonuclecleic Acid (RNA)
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
*made in the nucleus... *carries codes for making proteins from…
*has 4 nitrogen bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine, uracil... *si…
*made from DNA in process called transcription... *brings DNA's…
*picks up the amino acids in the cytoplasm and brings them to…
Ribonuclecleic Acid (RNA)
*made in the nucleus... *carries codes for making proteins from…
Ribonuclecleic Acid (RNA)
*has 4 nitrogen bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine, uracil... *si…
RNA
RNA
RNA role
RNA Nucleic Acids
mRNA
ribose nucleic acid
Involved in making proteins
(A, C, U (uracil), and G).
carry copies of instructions to make proteins.
RNA
ribose nucleic acid
RNA role
Involved in making proteins
RNA Pol II
Nucleolus
DNA template strand
Rho
Synthesizes mRNA
Synthesis rRNA
Anti-sense strand
RNA Polymerase inhibitor required for termination
RNA Pol II
Synthesizes mRNA
Nucleolus
Synthesis rRNA
15 terms
RNA
RNA
Gene Expression
DNA Structure
Codon
Ribonucleic Acid, how the instructions from dna are put into…
How dna is expressed or shown
Base pairs are complimentary strands, base pairs are grouped…
Section of 3 nucleotides
RNA
Ribonucleic Acid, how the instructions from dna are put into…
Gene Expression
How dna is expressed or shown
8 terms
RNA
RNA
messenger RNA (mRNA)
ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
transfer RNA (tRNA)
a nucleic acid, that puts the directions of DNA into operation.
the RNA which is transcribed according to the DNA, and carrie…
the form of RNA which is part to the ribosome (protein manufa…
brings each amino acid to the ribosome, for protein manufactu…
RNA
a nucleic acid, that puts the directions of DNA into operation.
messenger RNA (mRNA)
the RNA which is transcribed according to the DNA, and carrie…
RNA
RNA
transcription
RNA polymerase
polypeptide
RiboNucleic Acid, single-stranded molecules recorded from DNA
copy
the set of non genetic traits, qualities, or features that ch…
a chain of amino acids linked together
RNA
RiboNucleic Acid, single-stranded molecules recorded from DNA
transcription
copy
RNA
transcription
RNA polymerase
polypeptide
Ribonucleic acid a nucleic acid present in all living cells.…
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
RNA polymerase, also known as DNA-dependent RNA polymerase, i…
a linear organic polymer consisting of a large number of amin…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid a nucleic acid present in all living cells.…
transcription
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
RNA
transcription
RNA polymerase
polypeptide
Ribonucleic acid a nucleic acid present in all living cells.…
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
RNA polymerase, also known as DNA-dependent RNA polymerase, i…
a linear organic polymer consisting of a large number of amin…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid a nucleic acid present in all living cells.…
transcription
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
RNA
Codon
Complementary strand
Double Helix
Hydrogen Bonds
A specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
A strand of DNA whose sequence of bases can pair (according t…
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent polynuc…
Bonds that hold bases together in a DNA molecule
Codon
A specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
Complementary strand
A strand of DNA whose sequence of bases can pair (according t…
9 terms
RNA
mRNA
rRNA
tRNA
transcription
Function of _______: 3 codons function as stop codons and spe…
Function of _______: associates with a set of proteins to for…
Function of _______: carriers of amino acids and participate…
The process of making proteins on the ribosome based on instr…
mRNA
Function of _______: 3 codons function as stop codons and spe…
rRNA
Function of _______: associates with a set of proteins to for…
10 terms
RNA
RNA
Transcription
mRNA
rRNA
Ribonucleic Acid
How DNA makes RNA
Messenger RNA: caries instructions for assembling amino acids…
Ribosomal RNA
RNA
Ribonucleic Acid
Transcription
How DNA makes RNA
RNA
Nucleotides
Gene
Amino acid
RNA
Subunit of nucleic acid; consists of five carbon sugar, a pho…
Section of DNA that creates a specific protein. Found on a ch…
Building blocks of proteins. There are 20 total.
A nucleic acid consisting of adenine, uracil, cytosine, and g…
Nucleotides
Subunit of nucleic acid; consists of five carbon sugar, a pho…
Gene
Section of DNA that creates a specific protein. Found on a ch…
RNA
RNA
transcription
RNA polymerase
polypeptide
Ribonucleic acid; a nucleic acid present in all living cells.
the information in a strand of DNA is copied into a new molec…
enzyme that produces primary transcript RNA.
long chain of amino acids that makes proteins
RNA
Ribonucleic acid; a nucleic acid present in all living cells.
transcription
the information in a strand of DNA is copied into a new molec…
RNA
RNA
transcription
RNA polymerase
polypeptide
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
Enzyme similar to DNA polymerase that binds to DNA and separa…
long chain of amino acids that makes proteins
RNA
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
transcription
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
3 kinds
messenger RNA
Rna, Uracil goes with A
Comare contrast
messenger, Ribosomal, and transfer
DNA, Thymine goes with A
3 kinds
messenger, Ribosomal, and transfer
messenger RNA
7 terms
RNA
RNA
transcription
RNA polymerase
polypeptide
Ribonucleic acid
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
Enzyme that links together the growing chain of RNA nucleotid…
A chain of amino acids
RNA
Ribonucleic acid
transcription
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
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