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Study sets matching "rna"

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Study sets matching "rna"

10 terms
RNA
RNA
Protein synthesis
Transcription
Messenger RNA or mRNA
Ribonucleic acid is a nucleic acid that carries information f…
Process by which cell make proteins
DNA is used as a pattern to make a matching strand of RNA
The RNA that carries the instructions from DNA in the nucleus…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid is a nucleic acid that carries information f…
Protein synthesis
Process by which cell make proteins
13 terms
RNA
What is RNA?
ribose
single stranded
mRNA
Ribonucleic Acid
the sugar in RNA
RNA has this many strands
messenger RNA; leaves through a nuclear pore and goes to a ri…
What is RNA?
Ribonucleic Acid
ribose
the sugar in RNA
53 terms
RNA
What is RNA short for?
How is RNA similar to DNA?
How is RNA different from DNA?
Why are the chemical differences betwe…
Ribonucleic Acid.
Like DNA, RNA is made up of a surgar, a phosphate group, and…
RNA is different from DNA is three ways: (1) the sugar in RNA…
Because they make it easier for enzymes in the cell to tell D…
What is RNA short for?
Ribonucleic Acid.
How is RNA similar to DNA?
Like DNA, RNA is made up of a surgar, a phosphate group, and…
33 terms
RNA
Messenger RNA(mRNA)
Transfer RNA(tRNA)
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
Transcription
-the messenger between the nucleus and the rest of the cell.…
-Translates the information from the mRNA then brings amino a…
-it's located in ribosome.... -it makes up the structure of the…
-RNA is produced from DNA.... -occur in the nucleus of the cell.…
Messenger RNA(mRNA)
-the messenger between the nucleus and the rest of the cell.…
Transfer RNA(tRNA)
-Translates the information from the mRNA then brings amino a…
16 terms
RNA
RNA
Function of RNA
DNA vs. RNA
rRNA
Ribose Nucleic Acid
-Can go in and out of the nucleus (wherever)... -Instructions fo…
DNA: Sugar-Deoxyribose... Double stranded (anti-parallel)... Bases:…
Ribosomal RNA... -Found in the nucleolus... -Makes up the ribosome
RNA
Ribose Nucleic Acid
Function of RNA
-Can go in and out of the nucleus (wherever)... -Instructions fo…
18 terms
RNA
RNA
Ribose
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Ribonucleic acid, responsible for the movement of genetic inf…
Sugar molecule of RNA
Type of RNA that carries genetic information from the DNA in…
Type of RNA that binds to specific amino acids
RNA
Ribonucleic acid, responsible for the movement of genetic inf…
Ribose
Sugar molecule of RNA
8 terms
RNA
RNA
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
Ribonucleic acid, responsible for the movement of genetic inf…
Type of RNA that carries genetic information from the DNA in…
Type of RNA that binds to specific amino acids
Type of RNA that makes up the ribosome where proteins are made
RNA
Ribonucleic acid, responsible for the movement of genetic inf…
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Type of RNA that carries genetic information from the DNA in…
18 terms
RNA
RNA
Ribose
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Ribonucleic acid, responsible for the movement of genetic inf…
Sugar molecule of RNA
Type of RNA that carries genetic information from the DNA in…
Type of RNA that binds to specific amino acids
RNA
Ribonucleic acid, responsible for the movement of genetic inf…
Ribose
Sugar molecule of RNA
8 terms
RNA
RNA
mRNA
tRNA
rRNA
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
Carries messages directly from DNA in the nucleus to the cyto…
Transfer RNA; type of RNA that carries amino acids to the rib…
makes up ribosomes
RNA
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
mRNA
Carries messages directly from DNA in the nucleus to the cyto…
53 terms
RNA
What is RNA short for?
How is RNA similar to DNA?
How is RNA different from DNA?
Why are the chemical differences betwe…
Ribonucleic Acid.
Like DNA, RNA is made up of a surgar, a phosphate group, and…
RNA is different from DNA is three ways: (1) the sugar in RNA…
Because they make it easier for enzymes in the cell to tell D…
What is RNA short for?
Ribonucleic Acid.
How is RNA similar to DNA?
Like DNA, RNA is made up of a surgar, a phosphate group, and…
13 terms
RNA
What is RNA?
ribose
single stranded
mRNA
Ribonucleic Acid
the sugar in RNA
RNA has this many strands
messenger RNA; leaves through a nuclear pore and goes to a ri…
What is RNA?
Ribonucleic Acid
ribose
the sugar in RNA
17 terms
RNA
nucleotides
double helix
sugar & phosphate
proteins
consists of a sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogenous base
the shape of DNA
make up the sides of the RNA "ladder"
function as structural building blocks for the cells and as e…
nucleotides
consists of a sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogenous base
double helix
the shape of DNA
RNA
What is RNA short for?
How is RNA similar to DNA?
How is RNA different from DNA?
Why are the chemical differences betwe…
Ribonucleic Acid.
Like DNA, RNA is made up of a 5-carbon surgar, a phosphate gr…
RNA is different from DNA is three ways: (1) the sugar in RNA…
Because they make it easier for enzymes in the cell to tell D…
What is RNA short for?
Ribonucleic Acid.
How is RNA similar to DNA?
Like DNA, RNA is made up of a 5-carbon surgar, a phosphate gr…
9 terms
RNA
Describe the shape of DNA and RNA
How is RNA the ... same as DNA?
How is RNA ... different from DNA?
How many amino acids will be created f…
RNA- single strand... DNA- double strand/twisted ladder
Both have "sugar, phosphate, sugar..." pattern on the sides.…
-different sugar (ribose in RNA)... -No Thymine, only Uracil in…
3... (every 3 letter codon ... represents 1 amino acid)
Describe the shape of DNA and RNA
RNA- single strand... DNA- double strand/twisted ladder
How is RNA the ... same as DNA?
Both have "sugar, phosphate, sugar..." pattern on the sides.…
20 terms
RNA
Why is RNA necessary?
RNA
What are the monomers of RNA?
What are the 3 components of nucleotid…
- the information in DNA must be liked to the proteins that r…
Ribonucleic acid
nucleotides
- phosphate group... - Ribose sugar... - One of four nitrogenous ba…
Why is RNA necessary?
- the information in DNA must be liked to the proteins that r…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid
12 terms
RNA
Transcription
Translation
Ribosomes
mRNA
First step of protein synthesis; creation of mRNA from DNA
Second step of protein synthesis; from mRNA to protein
Site of translation from mRNA to proteins
Messenger RNA; complementary copy of DNA
Transcription
First step of protein synthesis; creation of mRNA from DNA
Translation
Second step of protein synthesis; from mRNA to protein
13 terms
RNA
messenger RNA
ribosomal RNA
transfer RNA
transcription
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
type of RNA that makes up the major part of ribosomes
type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes…
process in which part of the nucleotide sequence of DNA is co…
messenger RNA
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
ribosomal RNA
type of RNA that makes up the major part of ribosomes
9 terms
RNA
RNA
messenger RNA
ribosomal RNA
transfer RNA
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the assem…
type of RNA that combines with proteins to form ribosomes
type of RNA that carries each amino acid to a ribosome during…
RNA
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
messenger RNA
type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the assem…
RNA
RNA (nucleotides)
mRNA (messenger)
tRNA (transfer)
rRNA (ribosomal)
has one strand and is made up of the phosphate group, ribose…
carries protein building instructions
transport RNA
makes the ribosomes.
RNA (nucleotides)
has one strand and is made up of the phosphate group, ribose…
mRNA (messenger)
carries protein building instructions
12 terms
RNA
Adenine
Deoxyribose
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
MRNA (messenger ribonucleic acid)
base that pairs with thymine in DNA or uracil in RNA
5-carbon sugar lacking an oxygen at the 2 position; part of D…
the abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is the bluepr…
abbreviation for messenger ribonucleic acid; is a single stra…
Adenine
base that pairs with thymine in DNA or uracil in RNA
Deoxyribose
5-carbon sugar lacking an oxygen at the 2 position; part of D…
20 terms
RNA
Anticodon
Codon
Elongation
Exon
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
group of three nucleotide bases in mRNA that specify a partic…
the second stage of translation; characterized by the joining…
expressed sequence of DNA; codes for a protein
Anticodon
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
Codon
group of three nucleotide bases in mRNA that specify a partic…
25 terms
RNA
Allolactose
Lac Operon
Operator
Promoter Site
Lactose.
several genes that are transcribed together.
On/Off switch where repressor protein sits
where RNA polymerase attaches to begin transcription
Allolactose
Lactose.
Lac Operon
several genes that are transcribed together.
9 terms
RNA
nucleotides in RNA
sugar in RNA
Shape of an RNA molecule
RNA is produced in the...
adenine + uracil, guanine + cytosine
ribose
Eukaryotes
nucleotides in RNA
adenine + uracil, guanine + cytosine
sugar in RNA
ribose
20 terms
RNA
RNA
RNA role
RNA Nucleic Acids
mRNA
ribose nucleic acid
Involved in making proteins
(A, C, U (uracil), and G).
carry copies of instructions to make proteins.
RNA
ribose nucleic acid
RNA role
Involved in making proteins
12 terms
Rna
Codon
Complementary Strand
DNA
Double Helix
A sequence of three nucleotide bases on mRNA that refers to a…
A strand of DNA whose sequence of bases can pair (according t…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Shape of DNA
Codon
A sequence of three nucleotide bases on mRNA that refers to a…
Complementary Strand
A strand of DNA whose sequence of bases can pair (according t…
8 terms
RNA
RNA
messenger RNA (mRNA)
ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
transfer RNA (tRNA)
a nucleic acid, that puts the directions of DNA into operation.
the RNA which is transcribed according to the DNA, and carrie…
the form of RNA which is part to the ribosome (protein manufa…
brings each amino acid to the ribosome, for protein manufactu…
RNA
a nucleic acid, that puts the directions of DNA into operation.
messenger RNA (mRNA)
the RNA which is transcribed according to the DNA, and carrie…
RNA
RNA Pol II
Nucleolus
DNA template strand
Rho
Synthesizes mRNA
Synthesis rRNA
Anti-sense strand
RNA Polymerase inhibitor required for termination
RNA Pol II
Synthesizes mRNA
Nucleolus
Synthesis rRNA
15 terms
RNA
RNA
Gene Expression
DNA Structure
Codon
Ribonucleic Acid, how the instructions from dna are put into…
How dna is expressed or shown
Base pairs are complimentary strands, base pairs are grouped…
Section of 3 nucleotides
RNA
Ribonucleic Acid, how the instructions from dna are put into…
Gene Expression
How dna is expressed or shown
15 terms
RNA
DNA
RNA
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
(biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
A five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
DNA
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
RNA
(biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in…
9 terms
RNA
mRNA
rRNA
tRNA
transcription
Function of _______: 3 codons function as stop codons and spe…
Function of _______: associates with a set of proteins to for…
Function of _______: carriers of amino acids and participate…
The process of making proteins on the ribosome based on instr…
mRNA
Function of _______: 3 codons function as stop codons and spe…
rRNA
Function of _______: associates with a set of proteins to for…
13 terms
RNA
Codon
Complementary strand
Double Helix
Hydrogen Bonds
A specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
A strand of DNA whose sequence of bases can pair (according t…
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent polynuc…
Bonds that hold bases together in a DNA molecule
Codon
A specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
Complementary strand
A strand of DNA whose sequence of bases can pair (according t…
13 terms
RNA
DNA replication
RNA processing
mutations in transcription
mRNA
helicase unwinds the DNA... SSB stabilizes the strands... primer…
before the mRNA can leave nucleus ... introns are removed ... exon…
only mRNA is affected
brings info from DNA to nucleus to ribosomes in cytoplasm
DNA replication
helicase unwinds the DNA... SSB stabilizes the strands... primer…
RNA processing
before the mRNA can leave nucleus ... introns are removed ... exon…
10 terms
RNA
RNA
Transcription
mRNA
rRNA
Ribonucleic Acid
How DNA makes RNA
Messenger RNA: caries instructions for assembling amino acids…
Ribosomal RNA
RNA
Ribonucleic Acid
Transcription
How DNA makes RNA
15 terms
RNA
RNA
Messenger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
Transfer RNA
Ribonucleic acid
Molecules responsible for carrying copies of instructions for…
Forms an important part of both subunits of the ribosome.
The third type of RNA molecule that transfers each amino acid…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid
Messenger RNA
Molecules responsible for carrying copies of instructions for…
8 terms
RNA
RNA
messenger RNA
ribosomal RNA
transfer RNA
Ribonucleic acid
mRNA- carries DNA code from nucleus to the ribosome
rRNA- found in ribosomes, where protein synthesis occurs (pro…
tRNA- small, coiled, and carring anticodon and specific amino…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid
messenger RNA
mRNA- carries DNA code from nucleus to the ribosome
8 terms
RNA
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Protein Synthesis
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
Copies the message from DNA in the nucleus and carries the me…
Carries amino acids to the ribosome and adds them to the grow…
The production of proteins in a cell
The genetic messenger
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Copies the message from DNA in the nucleus and carries the me…
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Carries amino acids to the ribosome and adds them to the grow…
15 terms
RNA
amino acid
gene
mRNA
tRNA
subunit used to build DNA and RNA
portion of DNA that becomes expressed as a protein/trait
carries messages from DNA instructions from the Nucleus
carries amino acids from cytoplasm to ribosomes
amino acid
subunit used to build DNA and RNA
gene
portion of DNA that becomes expressed as a protein/trait
32 terms
RNA
Gene
DNA
Nucleotides
RNA modifications after transcription
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
Basic units of DNA molecule, composed of a sugar, a phosphate…
...
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
DNA
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
10 terms
RNA
double helix
mRNA
tRNA
transcription
the shape of DNA
carries genetic info from DNA in the nucleus to direct protei…
transports amino acids to the ribosomes
the synthesis of mRNA from DNA
double helix
the shape of DNA
mRNA
carries genetic info from DNA in the nucleus to direct protei…
8 terms
RNA
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Protein Synthesis
Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
copies the messages from DNA in the nucleus and carries the m…
Carries amnino acids to the ribosome and adds them to the gro…
the production of proteins in a cell
the genetic messenger
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
copies the messages from DNA in the nucleus and carries the m…
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Carries amnino acids to the ribosome and adds them to the gro…
26 terms
RNA
central dogma
mRNA
tRNA
rRNA
the most abudant ... carries the info specifying aa sequence to…
anticodon binds to codon of tRNA... aa connected to tRNA are sai…
made in the nucleoulous and is part of ribosomes... can function…
central dogma
mRNA
the most abudant ... carries the info specifying aa sequence to…
14 terms
RNA
Gene
RNA
RNA structure
Nitrogenous Bases
coded DNA instructions that control the production of protein…
ribonucleic acid; nucleic acid that is a messenger between DN…
long chain of nucleotides, phosphate group, sugar (ribose), n…
adenine, uracil, guanine, cytosine
Gene
coded DNA instructions that control the production of protein…
RNA
ribonucleic acid; nucleic acid that is a messenger between DN…
19 terms
rna
rna
how does rna differ from dna
3 types of rna
messenger rna
the "go between" in going from gene to protein
1. it's single stranded, not double... 2. has a ribose, not deox…
-messenger... -transfer... -ribosomal
makes a copy of the gene
rna
the "go between" in going from gene to protein
how does rna differ from dna
1. it's single stranded, not double... 2. has a ribose, not deox…
14 terms
RNA
Adenine
Deoxyribose
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
MRNA (messenger ribonucleic acid)
purine base that pairs with thymine in DNA or uracil in RNA
5-carbon sugar lacking an oxygen at the 2 position; part of D…
the abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is the bluepr…
abbreviation for messenger ribonucleic acid; is a single stra…
Adenine
purine base that pairs with thymine in DNA or uracil in RNA
Deoxyribose
5-carbon sugar lacking an oxygen at the 2 position; part of D…
RNA
RNA
Transcription
mRNA
tRNA
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with…
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA, that attaches to ribosom…
An RNA molecule that functions as an interpreter between nucl…
RNA
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with…
Transcription
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
33 terms
RNA
RNA
Transcription
mRNA
tRNA
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with…
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA, that attaches to ribosom…
An RNA molecule that functions as an interpreter between nucl…
RNA
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with…
Transcription
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
8 terms
RNA
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Protein Sythesis
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
Copies the message from DNA in the nucleus and carried the me…
Carries amino acids to the ribosome and adds them to the grow…
The production of proteins in a cell.
The genetic Messenger.
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Copies the message from DNA in the nucleus and carried the me…
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Carries amino acids to the ribosome and adds them to the grow…
RNA
Lac Operon
Operator
Promoter Site
Protein
several genes that are transcribed together.
On/Off switch where repressor protein sits
where RNA polymerase attaches to begin transcription
A molecule composed of polymers of amino acids joined together
Lac Operon
several genes that are transcribed together.
Operator
On/Off switch where repressor protein sits
29 terms
RNA
RNA
RNA base sequence
What do cell proteins result in
Differences between RNA and DNA
consists of long chain of nucleotides
directs the production of proteins
phenotypic traits
RNA- ribose sugar, single stranded, Uracil ... DNA-deoxyribose,…
RNA
consists of long chain of nucleotides
RNA base sequence
directs the production of proteins
18 terms
RNA
RNA
Ribose
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Ribonucleic acid, responsible for the movement of genetic inf…
Sugar molecule of RNA
Type of RNA that carries genetic information from the DNA in…
Type of RNA that binds to specific amino acids
RNA
Ribonucleic acid, responsible for the movement of genetic inf…
Ribose
Sugar molecule of RNA
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