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Study sets matching "rocks chapter 6"

22 terms
Rocks Vocabulary (Chapter 6)
Rock
Rock Cycle
Molten Rock
Igneous Rock
a naturally formed group of minerals bound together.
The process by which all rocks are formed and how basic Earth…
hot, viscous rock material known as magma if it is undergroun…
rocks that forms from magma or lava that cools and hardens ei…
Rock
a naturally formed group of minerals bound together.
Rock Cycle
The process by which all rocks are formed and how basic Earth…
17 terms
Chapter 6 Rocks
batholith
cementation
deform
felsic
A large mass of igneous rock exposed by erosion at Earth's su…
The process by which minerals precipitate out of solution to…
The changing of a rock's shape by heat, friction, stress, and…
A type of magma rich in silica that forms light-colored igneo…
batholith
A large mass of igneous rock exposed by erosion at Earth's su…
cementation
The process by which minerals precipitate out of solution to…
28 terms
Chapter 6 Rocks & Rock Cycle
igneous rock
intrusive igneous
extrusive igneous
lava
Type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at or…
Rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
Rock that forms from the cooling and solidification of lava a…
Magma that reaches Earth's surface.
igneous rock
Type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at or…
intrusive igneous
Rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
21 terms
Chapter 6 Rocks
What rock means "from fire"?
What rock means "changed form"?
What factors change existing rock?
What are 3 factors that determine how…
Igneous Rock
Metamorphic Rock
Heat, Pressure, Chemicals in the rock, Presence of Fluid
Temperature, Pressure, Presence of FluidHeat
What rock means "from fire"?
Igneous Rock
What rock means "changed form"?
Metamorphic Rock
17 terms
Chapter 6 Rocks
batholith
cementation
deform
felsic
A large mass of igneous rock exposed by erosion at Earth's su…
The process by which minerals precipitate out of solution to…
The changing of a rock's shape by heat, friction, stress, and…
A type of magma rich in silica that forms light-colored igneo…
batholith
A large mass of igneous rock exposed by erosion at Earth's su…
cementation
The process by which minerals precipitate out of solution to…
10 terms
Chapter 6- Rocks & Minerals
mineral
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
a natural, solid, nonliving material that forms in nature.
rock that forms when melted rock cools and hardens.
rock that forms when small pieces of rock and other materials…
rock that has been changed by heat or pressure.
mineral
a natural, solid, nonliving material that forms in nature.
igneous rock
rock that forms when melted rock cools and hardens.
16 terms
chapter 6 rocks and minerals
sedimentary rock
weathering
erosion
humus
type of rock formed when layers of sediment are pressed toget…
the breaking down of rocks on earths surface into smaller pie…
the process of moving sediment from one place to another
remains of decayed plants or animals
sedimentary rock
type of rock formed when layers of sediment are pressed toget…
weathering
the breaking down of rocks on earths surface into smaller pie…
14 terms
Chapter 6- Rocks
Igneous Rock
Rock
Metamorphic rock
Fossil
Rock that was once melted and then cooled and hardened
Naturally formed solid made of one or more minerals
Rock that was changed by heat and pressure
The remains of a living thing that died long ago
Igneous Rock
Rock that was once melted and then cooled and hardened
Rock
Naturally formed solid made of one or more minerals
9 terms
Rocks and Minerals - Chapter 6 Vocabulary
mineral
luster
streak
cleavage
a natural, non-living crystal that makes up rocks
a property of a mineral that describes how it reflects light
a color of the powder that a mineral leaves when it is scratc…
property of minerals that break along smooth, flat surfaces
mineral
a natural, non-living crystal that makes up rocks
luster
a property of a mineral that describes how it reflects light
14 terms
Chapter 6 Rocks
rock cycle
igneous rock
intrusive igneous rock
extrusive igneous rock
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies
rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
rock that forms from the cooling and solidification of lava a…
rock cycle
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
igneous rock
rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies
17 terms
Chapter 6 - Rocks
Batholith
Cementation
Deform
Felsic
A large mass of igneous rock exposed by erosion at Earth's su…
The process by which minerals precipitate out of solution to…
The changing of a rock's shape by heat, friction, stress, and…
A type of magma rich in silica that forms light-colored igneo…
Batholith
A large mass of igneous rock exposed by erosion at Earth's su…
Cementation
The process by which minerals precipitate out of solution to…
13 terms
Chapter 6 Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks
sediments
clastic
deposition
cementation
pieces of solid material that have been deposited on Earth's…
describes rock and mineral fragments produced by weathering a…
when sediments are laid down on the ground or sink to thebott…
process if sedimentary rock formation that occurs when dissol…
sediments
pieces of solid material that have been deposited on Earth's…
clastic
describes rock and mineral fragments produced by weathering a…
17 terms
Chapter 6 Rocks
batholith
cementation
deform
felsic
A large mass of igneous rock exposed by erosion at Earth's su…
The process by which minerals precipitate out of solution to…
The changing of a rock's shape by heat, friction, stress, and…
A type of magma rich in silica that forms light-colored igneo…
batholith
A large mass of igneous rock exposed by erosion at Earth's su…
cementation
The process by which minerals precipitate out of solution to…
36 terms
Chapter 6 Review: Rocks
Rock
Igneous rock
Magma
Sedimentary rock
A naturally formed group of minerals bound together; can cons…
Rock formed by the cooling and hardening (crystallization) of…
The hot molten rock that forms beneath the Earth's surface.
Rock formed by the compaction and cementing of layers of sedi…
Rock
A naturally formed group of minerals bound together; can cons…
Igneous rock
Rock formed by the cooling and hardening (crystallization) of…
10 terms
Chapter 6 - Rocks
igneous rock
felsic
mafic
intrusive
Rock type formed from cooling magma or lava
Light colored minerals; large percentage of silica
Dark colored minerals; large percentage of iron, magnesium, p…
Igneous rock that forms slowly underground
igneous rock
Rock type formed from cooling magma or lava
felsic
Light colored minerals; large percentage of silica
30 terms
Chapter 6: Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks
Porosity
Non-Foliated
Porphyroblasts
Evaporites
the percentage of open spaces between grains in a rock.
metamorphic rock that lacks mineral grains with long axes in…
large crystals that form in solid rock by the reorganization…
chemical sedimentary rock that forms mainly in restricted oce…
Porosity
the percentage of open spaces between grains in a rock.
Non-Foliated
metamorphic rock that lacks mineral grains with long axes in…
8 terms
Chapter 6 Rocks, Soil, Fossils
rock
soil
weathering
fossil
a rock is a solid made of one more minerals
the loose material that covers Earth's surface
is the wearing away and breaking apart of rock
something that remains of a living thing from long ago
rock
a rock is a solid made of one more minerals
soil
the loose material that covers Earth's surface
26 terms
Chapter 6- Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks
Sediments
Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Physical Weathering
small pieces of rock that are moved and deposited by water, w…
produces rock and mineral fragments
occurs when the minerals in a rock are dissolved or chemicall…
rock fragments break off, but remain chemically unchanged
Sediments
small pieces of rock that are moved and deposited by water, w…
Weathering
produces rock and mineral fragments
30 terms
Chapter 6 Rocks
What rock means "from fire"?
What rock means "changed form"?
What are 3 factors that determine how…
Define partial melting.
Igneous Rock
Metamorphic Rock
Temperature, Pressure, Presence of FluidHeat
The process by which different minerals melt at different tem…
What rock means "from fire"?
Igneous Rock
What rock means "changed form"?
Metamorphic Rock
37 terms
Chapter 6: Sedimentary Rocks
Sedimentary Rock
Clastic Sedimentary Rock
Weathering
Erosion
rock that forms at or near Earth's surface
form from clastic (broken) pieces of preexisting rocks
rocks break down at Earth's surface to form sediments
dislodges particles from source rock
Sedimentary Rock
rock that forms at or near Earth's surface
Clastic Sedimentary Rock
form from clastic (broken) pieces of preexisting rocks
16 terms
HOLT EARTH SCIENCE CHAPTER 6 Rocks
rock cycle
igneous rock
intrusive igneous rock
extrusive igneous rock
geologic forces and processes cause rock to change from one t…
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
Magma that cools deep inside Earths crust
Rock that forms from the cooling and solidification of lava a…
rock cycle
geologic forces and processes cause rock to change from one t…
igneous rock
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
27 terms
Chapter 6 - Sedimentary Rocks
bedding plane
strata (beds)
biochemical origin
cap rock
a nearly flat surface separating two beds of sedimentary rock…
parallel layers of sedimentary rock
describing a type of chemical sediment that forms when materi…
a necessary part of an oil trap; it is impermeable and hence…
bedding plane
a nearly flat surface separating two beds of sedimentary rock…
strata (beds)
parallel layers of sedimentary rock
17 terms
Chapter 6 Rocks
Rock Cycle
Bowen's Reaction Series
Igneous Rock
Intrusive Igneous Rock
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
the simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
rock that forms when magma/lava cools and solidifies
rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
Rock Cycle
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
Bowen's Reaction Series
the simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
22 terms
Chapter 6: Metamorphic Rocks
causes of metamorphism
confining pressure
directed pressure
metasomatism
temperature, pressure, fluids
general force applied equally in all direction
force exerted in a particular direction
A type of metamorphism in which a rock's bulk composition cha…
causes of metamorphism
temperature, pressure, fluids
confining pressure
general force applied equally in all direction
26 terms
Chapter 6 - Rocks/Minerals
element
luster
streak
hardness
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler su…
the way a mineral reflects light from its surface
the color of the powder left when the mineral is rubbed on a…
measure of how well a mineral resists scratching.
element
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler su…
luster
the way a mineral reflects light from its surface
20 terms
Chapter 6 Science- Rocks
Igneous
Contact Metamorphism
Clastic Sedimentary Rock
Chemical Stability
Rock which names comes from Latin meaning "from fire"
A change in the texture, structure, or chemical composition o…
Rock that forms when fragments or preexisting rocks are compa…
A measure of the tendency of a chemical compound to maintain…
Igneous
Rock which names comes from Latin meaning "from fire"
Contact Metamorphism
A change in the texture, structure, or chemical composition o…
15 terms
Sedimentary Rocks Chapter 6
rock cycle
Sedimentary rocks
weathering
Erosion
a rock formed near earths surface by cementing of loose clast…
chemical weathering
phyical processes that deterorated the rock
rock cycle
Sedimentary rocks
a rock formed near earths surface by cementing of loose clast…
8 terms
Chapter 6 Rocks & Minerals
mineral
crystal
rock
humus
a natural non-living solid with a definite chemical structure
a regular repeating pattern in which particles of minerals ar…
a solid, natural material made up of one or more minerals
the organic part of soil
mineral
a natural non-living solid with a definite chemical structure
crystal
a regular repeating pattern in which particles of minerals ar…
20 terms
Science Chapter 6 - Rocks
Erosion
Rock Cycle
Weathering
Igneous
The process of moving sediment from one place to another
The sequence of processes that change rocks from one type to…
The breaking down of rocks on Earth's surface into smaller pi…
A type of rock that forms from melted rock that cools and har…
Erosion
The process of moving sediment from one place to another
Rock Cycle
The sequence of processes that change rocks from one type to…
30 terms
Chapter 6 Rocks
What rock means "from fire"?
What rock means "changed form"?
What are 3 factors that determine how…
Define partial melting.
Igneous Rock
Metamorphic Rock
Temperature, Pressure, Presence of FluidHeat
The process by which different minerals melt at different tem…
What rock means "from fire"?
Igneous Rock
What rock means "changed form"?
Metamorphic Rock
97 terms
Chapter 6 Rocks and Fossils
Uniformitarianism
Catastrophism
Paleontology
Relative Dating
principle that Earth's processes occurring today are similar…
a principle that states that geologic change occurs suddenly
Science dealing with life in the past as recorded in fossils
method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
Uniformitarianism
principle that Earth's processes occurring today are similar…
Catastrophism
a principle that states that geologic change occurs suddenly
23 terms
Sedimentary Rocks Chapter 6
Compaction
Cementation
Detrital Sed. rock
Shale - most abundant
pore space is reduced and particles are press together
Precipitate from solution onto grains, fill pores, cement gra…
deposited by rivers, glaciers, wind and gravity
grains pack together so H2O soil cant flow through
Compaction
pore space is reduced and particles are press together
Cementation
Precipitate from solution onto grains, fill pores, cement gra…
15 terms
Chapter 6: Rocks and Minerals
mineral
luster
streak
hardness
A solid material of the Earth's crust with a definite composi…
The way light bounces off a mineral's surface.
The color of the powder left when a mineral is rubbed against…
How well a mineral resists scratching.
mineral
A solid material of the Earth's crust with a definite composi…
luster
The way light bounces off a mineral's surface.
10 terms
Chapter 6 Rocks and Minerals
meteorite
igneous rock
gem
magma
A rock from space that strikes a surface
A rock formed when melted rock material cools and hardens
A mineral that is valued for being rare and beautiful
Hot, molten rock deep below Earth's surface
meteorite
A rock from space that strikes a surface
igneous rock
A rock formed when melted rock material cools and hardens
7 terms
Chapter 6.2 Rocks form in different ways
Igneous
Magma
Lava
Sedimentary Rock
Forms when molten rock cools and becomes solid
Molten rock found inside the Earth
Molten rock that reaches Earth's surface
Forms when pieces of minerals and rocks, plants, and other ma…
Igneous
Forms when molten rock cools and becomes solid
Magma
Molten rock found inside the Earth
56 terms
Chapter 6: Rocks Notes
Igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic
IGNEOUS Rock
Magma
Lava
Name the 3 GROUPS of rocks.
What group of rock forms from the cooling and hardening of mo…
What is molten material that forms underground?
What is molten material that forms on the surface?
Igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic
Name the 3 GROUPS of rocks.
IGNEOUS Rock
What group of rock forms from the cooling and hardening of mo…
13 terms
Science Chapter 6 Minerals and Rocks
Mineral
Rock
Igneous rock
Sedimentary rock
a solid object found in nature that has never been alive.
a naturally formed solid made of one or more minerals.
rock that was once melted and then cooled and hardened.
rock made when materials settle into layers and get squeezed…
Mineral
a solid object found in nature that has never been alive.
Rock
a naturally formed solid made of one or more minerals.
Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks- Chapter 6
sediment
weathering
erosion
deposition
small pieces of rock that are moved and deposited by water, w…
the decomposition and disintegration of rocks and minerals at…
removal and transport of sediment caused by wind, moving wate…
when transported sediments are deposited on the ground or sin…
sediment
small pieces of rock that are moved and deposited by water, w…
weathering
the decomposition and disintegration of rocks and minerals at…
99 terms
Chapter 6 Metamorphic Rocks
metamorphic rocks are:
Most metamorphic rocks are formed at w…
3 principles that drive the metamorphism
temperature increases at what rate per…
the process acting on rocks at depths ranging from the upper…
10-30km
Heat, pressure, and fluid composition
30km
metamorphic rocks are:
the process acting on rocks at depths ranging from the upper…
Most metamorphic rocks are formed at w…
10-30km
Chapter 6 Vocab- Rocks
Rock Cycle
Bowen's Reaction Series
Igneous Rock
Intrusive Igneous Rock
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
the simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies
rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
Rock Cycle
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
Bowen's Reaction Series
the simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
15 terms
Chapter 6 - Rocks and Minerals
Plutons
Igneous Rock
Metamorphic Rock
Rock Cycle
Intrusive igneous rock that is balloon shaped
Rocks that form from cooled magma or lava
Rocks that form from heat or pressure
The process by which one rock type turns into another
Plutons
Intrusive igneous rock that is balloon shaped
Igneous Rock
Rocks that form from cooled magma or lava
17 terms
chapter 6 rocks
rock cycle
Bowens reaction series
igneous rock
intrusive igneous rock
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
The sequence of crystallization and melting of igneous rocks…
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
rock cycle
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
Bowens reaction series
The sequence of crystallization and melting of igneous rocks…
Rocks Chapter 6 Terms
Bowen's Reaction Series
Rock Cycle
Igeneous Rock
Intrusive Igneous
The simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
The series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
Rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies.
Rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
Bowen's Reaction Series
The simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
Rock Cycle
The series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
6 terms
Chapter 6 rocks
Rock Cycle
Bowen's Reaction Series
Igneous Rock
Intrusive Igneous Rock
...
...
...
...
Rock Cycle
...
Bowen's Reaction Series
...
Chapter 6 rocks
Limestone
Shale
Obsidian
Basalt
biological sedimentary
clastic sedimentary
extrusive igneous
extrusive igneous
Limestone
biological sedimentary
Shale
clastic sedimentary
12 terms
chapter 6 rocks
Rock Cycle
Bowen's reaction series
Igneous rock
intrusive igneous rock
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
the simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
the rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies
rock that forms from the cooling and solidification
Rock Cycle
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
Bowen's reaction series
the simplified pattern that illustrates the order in which mi…
55 terms
Sedimentary Rocks (chapter 6)
__ is the parent of sedimentary rocks
__ is unconsolidated particles created…
(weathering) __ breakdown of rock is c…
(weathering) __ breakdown of rock is c…
sediment
sediment
mechanical
chemical
__ is the parent of sedimentary rocks
sediment
__ is unconsolidated particles created…
sediment
Chapter 6 - Rocks
rock cycle
Bowen's reaction series
igneous rock
intrusive igneous rock
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
-the simplified pattern that shows the order in which mineral…
rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies
rock formed from the cooking and solidification of magma bene…
rock cycle
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
Bowen's reaction series
-the simplified pattern that shows the order in which mineral…
16 terms
Chapter 6: Rocks
Rock cycle
Igneous rock
Intrusive igneous rock
Extrusive igneous rock
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies.
rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
rock that forms from the cooling and solidification of lave a…
Rock cycle
the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
Igneous rock
rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies.
17 terms
Chapter 6 Rocks
Rock Cycle
Bowen's reaction series
Igneous rock
Intrusive igneous rock
The series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
A schematic description of the order in which minerals form d…
Rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies.
Rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
Rock Cycle
The series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one…
Bowen's reaction series
A schematic description of the order in which minerals form d…
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