Study sets matching "rocks soil"

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Study sets matching "rocks soil"

23 terms
Rocks and Soil
basalt
boulder
clay
cobbles
a rock made by lava from volcanoes
a large round rock
wet dirt makes pottery or brick
rocks and stones
basalt
a rock made by lava from volcanoes
boulder
a large round rock
Soil & Rocks
sand
silt
clay
loam
largest particle found in soil; rough and gritty; does not ha…
medium sized particle found in soil; feels smooth and powdery…
smallest particle found in soil; feels smooth and hard when i…
a mix of sand, silt, and lots of humus; it is the best type o…
sand
largest particle found in soil; rough and gritty; does not ha…
silt
medium sized particle found in soil; feels smooth and powdery…
rocks and soil
Bedrock
Parent rock
Soil
Mineral
the layer of rock beneath soil
a rock formation that is the source of soil
a loose mixture of rock fragments, organic material, water, a…
a naturally formed inorganic solid with a definite crystal st…
Bedrock
the layer of rock beneath soil
Parent rock
a rock formation that is the source of soil
14 terms
Rocks & Soil
Extrusive Igneous Rock
Intrusive Igneous Rock
Compaction
Deposition
Igneous rocks formed from lava that cools quickly on the surf…
Igneous rocks formed from magma inside the Earth; rocks cool…
the process by which sediments are pressed together under the…
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
Extrusive Igneous Rock
Igneous rocks formed from lava that cools quickly on the surf…
Intrusive Igneous Rock
Igneous rocks formed from magma inside the Earth; rocks cool…
28 terms
Rocks & Soil
weathering
chemical weathering
mechanical or physical weathering
erosion
process that breaks down rocks caused by chemical reactions r…
decomposition of rock caused by chemical reactions
the breakdown of rock into smaller pieces
process by which natural forces move weathered rock and soil…
weathering
process that breaks down rocks caused by chemical reactions r…
chemical weathering
decomposition of rock caused by chemical reactions
rocks and soil
Bedrock
Parent rock
Soil
Mineral
the layer of rock beneath soil
a rock formation that is the source of soil
a loose mixture of rock fragments, organic material, water, a…
a naturally formed inorganic solid with a definite crystal st…
Bedrock
the layer of rock beneath soil
Parent rock
a rock formation that is the source of soil
9 terms
Rocks and Soil
decay
igneous rock
loam
metamorphic rock
the breaking down of plant or animal matter
rock that is formed from a red-hot mixture of melted minerals…
soil that contains sand, silt, clay, air, water, and humus
rock that is formed from other rocks by heat, pressure, or both
decay
the breaking down of plant or animal matter
igneous rock
rock that is formed from a red-hot mixture of melted minerals…
14 terms
soil and rocks
hardness
luster
mineral
streak
measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched.
property of metals and alloys that describes having a shiny a…
naturally occurring substance, with definite chemical composi…
color of a mineral when it is in powdered form.
hardness
measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched.
luster
property of metals and alloys that describes having a shiny a…
10 terms
Rocks and Soil
Sedimentary Rock
Igneous Rock
Metamorphic Rock
Mineral
A rock made of layers that are cemented together
A rock that forms from a mixture of melted material and gases
A rock that has been changed by heat or pressure
A natural material that forms from nonliving matter
Sedimentary Rock
A rock made of layers that are cemented together
Igneous Rock
A rock that forms from a mixture of melted material and gases
34 terms
Rocks and Soil!
Mineral
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Metamorphic Rock
A naturally occuring substance, netiher a plant or animal. Di…
Fire made rock formed from magma
Rock formed from bits or layers of rocks cemented together
Rock whose form has been changed by heat and/or pressure
Mineral
A naturally occuring substance, netiher a plant or animal. Di…
Igneous Rock
Fire made rock formed from magma
Soil and Rocks
Soil
Rock
0 Horizon
A Horizon
A mixture of mineral particles and organic material that cove…
A solid mixture of one or more minerals
Top most layer, dark in color, formed by decomposing organic…
Also referred to as topsoil. It is a soft porous layer of soi…
Soil
A mixture of mineral particles and organic material that cove…
Rock
A solid mixture of one or more minerals
9 terms
Rocks and Soil
-ow
sh
st
-oil
gr
l
t
s
-ow
gr
sh
l
Rocks & Soil
Soil texture diagram
Soil texture
Soil
Soil PRofile
Classifies soil as a percentage of silt, sand, and clay.
Particle size of soil
A mixture of mineral particles and organic material that cove…
Vertical profile of soil made A, B, C horizons
Soil texture diagram
Classifies soil as a percentage of silt, sand, and clay.
Soil texture
Particle size of soil
Rocks & Soil
Weathering
Physical weathering (mechanical weathe…
Chemical Erosion
Deposition
The breakdown of rock into smaller pieces from exposure to wi…
Physical force breaks down rock into smaller and smaller piec…
Transformation of rock into one or more new compounds.
When suspended rocks and particles lose their energy, they fa…
Weathering
The breakdown of rock into smaller pieces from exposure to wi…
Physical weathering (mechanical weathe…
Physical force breaks down rock into smaller and smaller piec…
Rocks & Soil
Rock
Mineral
Grain
Porous
Made from grains of various minerals.
A chemical substance.
These are made from minerals and stick together to form rocks.
A rock that has rounded grains and therefore absorbs water.
Rock
Made from grains of various minerals.
Mineral
A chemical substance.
22 terms
Rocks and Soil
How are rocks weathered?
How does plate movement start the rock…
How does rock become the basic compone…
What are igneous rocks?
-ice... -pressure... -plant roots... -rain water
magma and folding and faulting of lithosphere
the weathering of rocks
Rock formed when molten rock (magma and lava) cools
How are rocks weathered?
-ice... -pressure... -plant roots... -rain water
How does plate movement start the rock…
magma and folding and faulting of lithosphere
Rocks & Soil
rock
humus
mineral
loam
a naturally formed solid made of one or more minerals
the part of soil made up of broken down parts of dead animals…
a solid object found in nature that has never been alive
soil that is a mixture of humus, sand, silt, and clay. Best t…
rock
a naturally formed solid made of one or more minerals
humus
the part of soil made up of broken down parts of dead animals…
10 terms
Rocks & Soil
Rock
Sand
Boulder
Pebble
A hard, non-living object from the ground
Made of tiny pieces of rock
A very large rock
A very small rock
Rock
A hard, non-living object from the ground
Sand
Made of tiny pieces of rock
13 terms
Rocks & soil
weathering
physical weathering
chemical weathering
erosion
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Any process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces without…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
physical weathering
Any process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces without…
12 terms
Rocks & Soil
Weathering
Physical Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Erosion
Breaking down of rocks from water, gravity, or ice
Occurs when physical forces break rock into smaller and small…
Transformation of rock into one or more new compounds
Transport of sediments and broken down rocks from one place t…
Weathering
Breaking down of rocks from water, gravity, or ice
Physical Weathering
Occurs when physical forces break rock into smaller and small…
Rocks & Soil
Weathering
Physical weathering
Chemical Weathering
Erosion
Gradual breaking down and wearing away of exposed rock
Any process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces without…
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Weathering
Gradual breaking down and wearing away of exposed rock
Physical weathering
Any process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces without…
Rocks & Soil
Weathering
Physical Weathering (mechanical weathe…
Chemical Weathering
Erosion
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
occurs when physical forces break rock into smaller and small…
transformation of rock into one or more new compounds.
transport of sediments and broken down rocks from one place t…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Physical Weathering (mechanical weathe…
occurs when physical forces break rock into smaller and small…
Rocks and Soil
Bedrock
Parent rock
Soil
Mineral
the layer of rock beneath soil
a rock formation that is the source of soil
a loose mixture of rock fragments, organic material, water, a…
a naturally formed inorganic solid with a definite crystal st…
Bedrock
the layer of rock beneath soil
Parent rock
a rock formation that is the source of soil
soil rocks
soil
soil horizon
soil profile
bedrock
the mixture of water air and tiny pieces of rock
a layer of soil with different physical characteristic from t…
a cross section of soil that shows the various layers of solid
the last layer of soil
soil
the mixture of water air and tiny pieces of rock
soil horizon
a layer of soil with different physical characteristic from t…
12 terms
Rocks and Soil
Sedimentary Rock
Metamorphic Rock
Igneous Rock
Composition
grains of sediment that are compacted and cemented together,…
rock formed from intense heat and pressure in the mantle, als…
rock formed when magma cools and solidifies, also known as th…
the chemical makeup of a rock; describes either the minerals…
Sedimentary Rock
grains of sediment that are compacted and cemented together,…
Metamorphic Rock
rock formed from intense heat and pressure in the mantle, als…
19 terms
Rocks and Soil
Rock
Rock Cycle
Igneous rock
Sedimentary rock
Naturally formed solid that is usually made up of one or more…
The set of natural processes that form, change, break down, a…
Forms when molten rock cools and becomes solid
Forms when pieces of older rocks, plants, and other loose mat…
Rock
Naturally formed solid that is usually made up of one or more…
Rock Cycle
The set of natural processes that form, change, break down, a…
Rocks and soil
Soil texture diagram
Soil Texture
Soil
soil profile
classifies soil as a percentage of silt, sand and clay
Particles size of soil
layer of rock and mineral fragments that cover nearly all of…
vertical profile of soil made a,b,c horizons
Soil texture diagram
classifies soil as a percentage of silt, sand and clay
Soil Texture
Particles size of soil
rocks and soil
soil texture diagram
soil texture
soil
soil profile
A diagram that Determines the type of soil based on the amoun…
Relative amounts of the different types and sizes of mineral…
A mixture of mineral particles and organic material that cove…
All the vertical layers or horizons that make up a soil in a…
soil texture diagram
A diagram that Determines the type of soil based on the amoun…
soil texture
Relative amounts of the different types and sizes of mineral…
Rocks and Soil
Weathering
Physical Weathering (Mechanical weathe…
Chemical Weathering
Erosion
breaking down of rocks from water, wind, gravity, or ice.
Occurs when physical forces break down rock into smaller and…
Transformation of rock into one or more new compounds
Transport of sediments and broken down rocks form one place t…
Weathering
breaking down of rocks from water, wind, gravity, or ice.
Physical Weathering (Mechanical weathe…
Occurs when physical forces break down rock into smaller and…
7 terms
Rocks and Soil
Weathering
Physical weathering( mechanical weathe…
Chemical Weathering
Erosion
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
fracturing, jointing (cracking of rock), root wedging, frost/…
The process that breaks down rock into new compounds
Process by which weathered rock and soil are moved from one p…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Physical weathering( mechanical weathe…
fracturing, jointing (cracking of rock), root wedging, frost/…
8 terms
rocks and soil
SEDIMENTARY rock
METAMORPHIC rock
IGNEOUS rock
ROCK CYCLE
formed by COMPACTION AND CEMENTATION and have layers and foss…
formed by HEAT AND PRESSURE
formed by MELTING and COOLING
the series of processes that change one type of rock into ano…
SEDIMENTARY rock
formed by COMPACTION AND CEMENTATION and have layers and foss…
METAMORPHIC rock
formed by HEAT AND PRESSURE
Rocks and Soil.
Weathering:
Physical weathering:
Chemical weathering:
Erosion:
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Any process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces without…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Weathering:
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Physical weathering:
Any process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces without…
Rocks and Soil
igneous rocks
metamorphic
sedimentary rocks
minerals
formed from the cooling of molten magma or lava; one type of…
a change in form; these rocks change when squeezed or heated
formed when sand, mud, and pebbles pile up at the bottom of r…
the building blocks of rocks; these are different colors, tex…
igneous rocks
formed from the cooling of molten magma or lava; one type of…
metamorphic
a change in form; these rocks change when squeezed or heated
rocks and soil
weathering
physical weathering
chemical weathering
erosion
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Any process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces without…
Chemical reactions forms new minerals by solution, Hydrolosis…
(geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding somet…
weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
physical weathering
Any process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces without…
18 terms
Rocks and Soil
Mineral
Magma
Lava
Rock
A substance that forms in nature, is a solid, has a definite…
Molten rock beneath a planet's surface
Molten rock that reaches the surface of a planet
A naturally formed solid that is made of minerals
Mineral
A substance that forms in nature, is a solid, has a definite…
Magma
Molten rock beneath a planet's surface
Rocks and soil
weathering
physical weathering
chemical weathering
erosion
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Any process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces without…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
(geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding somet…
weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
physical weathering
Any process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces without…
18 terms
Rocks and soil
Soil
Topsoil
Humus
Weathering
Loose rock and bits of decaying plant and animal matter
Layer of soil that plants grow in
Remains of living things that have died and decayed
Breaking down of rocks into smaller pieces
Soil
Loose rock and bits of decaying plant and animal matter
Topsoil
Layer of soil that plants grow in
Rocks and Soil
Loam
O Horizon
Permeability
Sand
Best type of soil for agriculture contains a mixture of sand,…
Stand of "Organic"; layer is largely composed of decomposing/…
Measure of the ability for air and water to passthrough soil;…
Soil component that has a large grain size, gritty texture, a…
Loam
Best type of soil for agriculture contains a mixture of sand,…
O Horizon
Stand of "Organic"; layer is largely composed of decomposing/…
Soil and Rocks
Soil
topsoil
subsoil
bedrock
natural resource that plants grow in
1st layer and it holds water well with lots of nutrients
2nd layer of soil
3rd layer filled with large rocks
Soil
natural resource that plants grow in
topsoil
1st layer and it holds water well with lots of nutrients
21 terms
Rocks and Soil
Horizon
Humus
Superposition
Relative Dating
a layer of soil
Dark, organic material formed in soil from the decayed remain…
a principal that states that younger rocks lie above older ro…
any method of determining whether an event or object is older…
Horizon
a layer of soil
Humus
Dark, organic material formed in soil from the decayed remain…
10 terms
Soil and Rocks
mantle
mineral
igneous
crystal
the layer of Earth between the crust and the core
a substance formed on Earth that was never an animal or plant
having to do with rocks formed by a volcano or other source o…
a piece of transparent mineral with sides and angles that nat…
mantle
the layer of Earth between the crust and the core
mineral
a substance formed on Earth that was never an animal or plant
Rocks and Soil
Soil texture diagram
Soil texture
Soil
soil profile
classifies soil as a percentage of silt, sand or clay
particle size of soil
layer of rock and mineral fragments that cover nearly all of…
vertical profile of soil made a,b,c horizons
Soil texture diagram
classifies soil as a percentage of silt, sand or clay
Soil texture
particle size of soil
Rocks and Soil
decay
igneous rock
loam
metamorphic rock
the breaking down of plant or animal matter
rock that is formed from a red-hot mixture of melted minerals…
soil that contains sand, silt, clay, air, water and humus
rock that is formed from other rocks by heat, pressure, or both
decay
the breaking down of plant or animal matter
igneous rock
rock that is formed from a red-hot mixture of melted minerals…
rocks and soil
soil texture diagram
soil texture
soil
soil profile
classifies soil as a percentage of silt, sand or clay
particle size of coal
layer of rock and mineral fragments that cover nearly all of…
vertical profile of soil made A,B,C horizons
soil texture diagram
classifies soil as a percentage of silt, sand or clay
soil texture
particle size of coal
12 terms
rocks and soil
soil
topsoil
properties
texture
material that is made up of bits of rock, leaves, twigs, and…
the top part of the soil rich in nutrients
features of an object
how something feels
soil
material that is made up of bits of rock, leaves, twigs, and…
topsoil
the top part of the soil rich in nutrients
Rocks And Soil
weathering
physical weathering
chemical weathering
erosion
The breakdown of rock into smaller pieces from exposure to wi…
Changes size and/or shape of a rock without changing the rock…
transformation of rock into one or more new compounds
Process by which weathered rock and soil are moved from one p…
weathering
The breakdown of rock into smaller pieces from exposure to wi…
physical weathering
Changes size and/or shape of a rock without changing the rock…
Rocks and Soil
Weathering
Physical Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Erosion
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Any process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces without…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Physical Weathering
Any process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces without…
Rocks and Soil
Weathering
Physical Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Erosion
Process of wearing away surface areas by wind, water, gravity…
Any process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces without…
Transformation of rock into one or more new compounds
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Weathering
Process of wearing away surface areas by wind, water, gravity…
Physical Weathering
Any process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces without…
Rocks and Soil
Weathering
Physical Weathering (mechanical weathe…
Chemical weathering
Erosion
breaking down of rocks from water, wind gravity, or ice.
fracturing, jointing (cracking of rock), root wedging, frost/…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
(geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding somet…
Weathering
breaking down of rocks from water, wind gravity, or ice.
Physical Weathering (mechanical weathe…
fracturing, jointing (cracking of rock), root wedging, frost/…
Rocks and soil
Weathering
Physical Weathring
Chemical Weathering
Erosion
Breaking down of rocks from water, wind, gravity, or ice.
Occurs when physical forces break rock into smaller and small…
Transformation of rock into one or more new compounds.
Transept of sediments and broken down rocks from one place to…
Weathering
Breaking down of rocks from water, wind, gravity, or ice.
Physical Weathring
Occurs when physical forces break rock into smaller and small…
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