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Study sets matching "rocks volcanoes igneous"

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Study sets matching "rocks volcanoes igneous"

43 terms
Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes
Describe where extrusive igneous rocks…
Identify the texture of the above rock…
Identify the texture of this rock.. Wh…
Identify the texture of this rock. Why…
formed from lava; volcanic; on the surface; typically fine gr…
glassy; consisting of materials that cooled too quickly for c…
fine-grained; consisting of tiny crystals too small to see wi…
coarse-grained; consisting of interlocking, visible large sam…
Describe where extrusive igneous rocks…
formed from lava; volcanic; on the surface; typically fine gr…
Identify the texture of the above rock…
glassy; consisting of materials that cooled too quickly for c…
Volcanoes and Igneous Rocks
Convergent Boundary
Divergent Boundary
Hot Spot
Subduction
A region where plates are pushing together and where a mounta…
A boundary where the plates are moving AWAY from each other.,…
An area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through…
The process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean…
Convergent Boundary
A region where plates are pushing together and where a mounta…
Divergent Boundary
A boundary where the plates are moving AWAY from each other.,…
18 terms
ESS Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes
extrusive igneous rocks
glassy;
fine-grained;
coarse-grained;
formed from lava;
Identify the texture of the above rock.
Identify the texture of this rock.
Identify the texture of this rock;
extrusive igneous rocks
formed from lava;
glassy;
Identify the texture of the above rock.
18 terms
Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes ESS
extrusive igneous rocks
glassy;
fine-grained;
coarse-grained;
formed from lava;
Identify the texture of the above rock.
Identify the texture of this rock.
Identify the texture of this rock;
extrusive igneous rocks
formed from lava;
glassy;
Identify the texture of the above rock.
23 terms
igneous rocks and volcanoes
layers of the earth (inside to outside)
igneous rocks
large crystals
small crystals
core, mantle, crust
rocks that form when magma or lava cools and becomes solid
magma cooled slowly
lava cooled quickly
layers of the earth (inside to outside)
core, mantle, crust
igneous rocks
rocks that form when magma or lava cools and becomes solid
17 terms
Igneous rocks and volcanoes
igneous rock
volcanic rock
plutonic rocks
magma
any rock that forms from magma
-solidified at surface ... -fine-grained / glassy (due to rapid…
-crystalized at depth ... -have crystals that are easily visible
-molten rock ... 3 parts: ... 1) liquid ... 2) solid ... 3) volatiles
igneous rock
any rock that forms from magma
volcanic rock
-solidified at surface ... -fine-grained / glassy (due to rapid…
83 terms
volcanoes and Igneous rocks!!
what is a volcano?
what is an example of shield?
describe shield
what is shield formed by?
an opening in the earth's crust through which magma, gases an…
Hawaii and Olympus Mons(mars)
broad bases and gentle slopes
quiet eruptions of lava
what is a volcano?
an opening in the earth's crust through which magma, gases an…
what is an example of shield?
Hawaii and Olympus Mons(mars)
18 terms
ESS Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes
extrusive igneous rocks
glassy;
fine-grained;
coarse-grained;
formed from lava;
Identify the texture of the above rock.
Identify the texture of this rock.
Identify the texture of this rock;
extrusive igneous rocks
formed from lava;
glassy;
Identify the texture of the above rock.
36 terms
Igneous Rocks & Volcanoes
Two most abundant minerals in a granit…
Two most abundant minerals in an andes…
Two most abundant minerals in a basalt…
Magmas are typically characterized by…
Potassium Feldspar and Quartz
Soda-calcium feldspar and hornblende
Calcium-rich feldspar and pyroxene
Silicon dioxide contents
Two most abundant minerals in a granit…
Potassium Feldspar and Quartz
Two most abundant minerals in an andes…
Soda-calcium feldspar and hornblende
8 terms
Volcanoes & Igneous Rock Formation
volcano
magma
lava
extrusive rock
A vent in Earth's crust through which melted-or molten-rock f…
Molten rock BELOW Earth's surface.
Molten rock that erupts onto Earth's SURFACE.
When volcanic material erupts, cools and crystallizes on Eart…
volcano
A vent in Earth's crust through which melted-or molten-rock f…
magma
Molten rock BELOW Earth's surface.
75 terms
Minerals/Igneous Rocks/Volcanoes
Ionic Bonding
Covalent Bonding
Metallic Bonding
Luster (Optical Property)
Transfer of electrons between atoms
"Sharing" of electrons between atoms
Electrons have free range of motion between atoms in the enti…
The appearance or quality of light reflected from the surface…
Ionic Bonding
Transfer of electrons between atoms
Covalent Bonding
"Sharing" of electrons between atoms
49 terms
Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes
igneous rock
metamorphic rock
sedimentary rock
rock cycle
are formed from molten rock that cools and hardens either bel…
are when any rock is changed by the effects of heat, pressure…
are formed by rock fragments and/or organic matter being boun…
the process by which all rocks are formed and how basic Earth…
igneous rock
are formed from molten rock that cools and hardens either bel…
metamorphic rock
are when any rock is changed by the effects of heat, pressure…
16 terms
Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes
Gabbro and basalt
felsic
mafic
Basalt
What pair of intrusive and extrusive rocks have the same chem…
Describes magma or igneous rock that is rich in feldspars and…
Describes magma or igneous rock that is rich in magnesium and…
What type of magma forms at mid-ocean ridges?
Gabbro and basalt
What pair of intrusive and extrusive rocks have the same chem…
felsic
Describes magma or igneous rock that is rich in feldspars and…
21 terms
Volcanoes and Igneous Rocks Vocab
Intrusive igneous rock
Extrusive igneous rock
Granite composition
Basaltic composition
igneous rock that formed below Earth's surface
igneous rock that has formed on Earth's surface
a compositional group of igneous rocks that indicate a rock i…
a compositional group of igneous rocks indicating that the ro…
Intrusive igneous rock
igneous rock that formed below Earth's surface
Extrusive igneous rock
igneous rock that has formed on Earth's surface
41 terms
Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes
Igneous Rock
Magma
Lava
Silica Rich Magma
rock that crystalized from molten material
molten material underground, forms intrusive igneous rocks
molten material on the surface, forms extrusive igneous rocks
high viscosity Ex:Granite
Igneous Rock
rock that crystalized from molten material
Magma
molten material underground, forms intrusive igneous rocks
14 terms
Volcanoes and Igneous Rocks
Volcano
Lava
Pyroclast
Strombolian Eruption
A vent through which lava, solid rock debris, volcanic ash, a…
Molten rock that reaches the Earth's surface.
A fragment of rock ejected during a volcanic eruption.
Strombolian eruptions are relatively low-level volcanic erupt…
Volcano
A vent through which lava, solid rock debris, volcanic ash, a…
Lava
Molten rock that reaches the Earth's surface.
12 terms
Volcanoes and Igneous Rocks
viscosity
vent
crater
caldera
a substance's internal resistance to flow
an opening in the earth from which lava flows or erupts
bowl shaped depression at the top of a volcano
a large crater up to 50km in diameter that can form at the su…
viscosity
a substance's internal resistance to flow
vent
an opening in the earth from which lava flows or erupts
Volcanoes and Igneous Rocks
8 Elements that Make Up Most Rocks
Most common mineral group
Silicate
Most common Light Silicate Minerals
Oxygen, Silicon, Aluminum, Iron, Calcium, Sodium, Potassium,…
Silicates (90% earth's crust)
Silicon and Oxygen
Feldspars, quartz, muscovite, and clay minerals
8 Elements that Make Up Most Rocks
Oxygen, Silicon, Aluminum, Iron, Calcium, Sodium, Potassium,…
Most common mineral group
Silicates (90% earth's crust)
24 terms
Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes
aa
pahoehoe
Higher temp= _______ viscosity
Higher silica= ________ viscosity
rocky, more viscous lava
smoother, less viscous lava
less
more
aa
rocky, more viscous lava
pahoehoe
smoother, less viscous lava
Volcanoes and Igneous rocks
Volcano
Magma
Lava
Extrusive formed
An explosive mountain with magma below the surface
Molten rock beneath the earths surface
Motlen rock above the earths surface
The cooling of lava on the earths surface
Volcano
An explosive mountain with magma below the surface
Magma
Molten rock beneath the earths surface
26 terms
Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes
Volcanic/Extrusive rocks:... -cools ___ (…
Plutonic/Intrusive rocks:... -cools ___ (…
Mafic rocks are ___ (color), contain _…
Felsic rocks are ___ (color), contain…
fast, small, surface, obsidian, pumice
slowly, large, magma chambers, shimmer, crystal size (grain... )…
dark, low, low, low
light, high, quartz, feldapr
Volcanic/Extrusive rocks:... -cools ___ (…
fast, small, surface, obsidian, pumice
Plutonic/Intrusive rocks:... -cools ___ (…
slowly, large, magma chambers, shimmer, crystal size (grain... )…
49 terms
Igneous rocks and volcanoes
Phaneritic
Aphanitic
Plutonic
Volcanic
Coarse-grained
Fine-grained
Intrusive
Extrusive
Phaneritic
Coarse-grained
Aphanitic
Fine-grained
28 terms
Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes
Igneous rocks
Magma
Lava
Felsic
Rocks that crystallize from magma or lava.
Molten rock material beneath Earth's surface.
Magma that has been erupted by volcanic processes at the surf…
Magmas or igneous rocks that originate in the mid to upper co…
Igneous rocks
Rocks that crystallize from magma or lava.
Magma
Molten rock material beneath Earth's surface.
Volcanoes and Igneous Rocks Vocab
Intrusive Igneous Rock
Extrusive Igneous Rock
Granite Composition
Basaltic Composition
Igneous rock that formed below Earth's surface
Igneous rock that has formed on Earth's surface
A compositional group of igneous rocks that indicate is compo…
A compositional group of igneous rocks indicating that the ro…
Intrusive Igneous Rock
Igneous rock that formed below Earth's surface
Extrusive Igneous Rock
Igneous rock that has formed on Earth's surface
38 terms
Volcanoes and Igneous Rocks
Cinder volcano
Shield volcano
Composite
Active volcano
cinders, steep, small, explosive, Ex. Paricutin, Mexico and S…
lava, gentle, quiet, Ex. Hawaii and Olympus Mons
Lava and cinders, medium slope and mountain size, explosive a…
Has erupted recently, Ex. Hawaii
Cinder volcano
cinders, steep, small, explosive, Ex. Paricutin, Mexico and S…
Shield volcano
lava, gentle, quiet, Ex. Hawaii and Olympus Mons
Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes
ways to melt rock
volatiles
felsic
intermediate
1. Increase temperature... 2. Decrease pressure... 3. Add volatiles
gaseous components of magma dissolved in the melt. They will…
magma with 66-76% SiO2
magma with 52-66% SiO2
ways to melt rock
1. Increase temperature... 2. Decrease pressure... 3. Add volatiles
volatiles
gaseous components of magma dissolved in the melt. They will…
13 terms
volcanoes and igneous rocks
shield volcanoes
composite volcanoes
intrusive rocks
extrusive rocks
-big, very high & wide, flat, shallow slopes... -Hawaii... -eruptio…
-smaller, pointy, steeper... -Mt. Rainier... -eruption style: explo…
cooled under surface, visible crystals
cooled above (or near/at) surface, can't see crystals
shield volcanoes
-big, very high & wide, flat, shallow slopes... -Hawaii... -eruptio…
composite volcanoes
-smaller, pointy, steeper... -Mt. Rainier... -eruption style: explo…
61 terms
Geology- Igneous rocks, Volcanoes
Rock
3 major rock groups subdivided by what
Origin of igneous rock
what is magma
Naturally occurring combination of minerals
origin
from cooling and subsequent crystallization of magma
hot, liquid, melt of elements
Rock
Naturally occurring combination of minerals
3 major rock groups subdivided by what
origin
14 terms
Igneous Rocks & Volcanoes
aphanetic
phaneritic
porphyritic
glassy
uniformly fine grain(extrusive)
uniformly large crystals(intrusive)
phenocrysts(big crystals, intrusive)... groundmass(background, e…
looks glassy, basically molten quartz but it cooled too fast…
aphanetic
uniformly fine grain(extrusive)
phaneritic
uniformly large crystals(intrusive)
36 terms
Igneous Rocks & Volcanoes
Potassium Feldspar and Quartz
Soda-calcium feldspar and hornblende
Calcium-rich feldspar and pyroxene
Silicon dioxide contents
Two most abundant minerals in a granite are
Two most abundant minerals in an andesite are
Two most abundant minerals in a basalt are
Magmas are typically characterized by their
Potassium Feldspar and Quartz
Two most abundant minerals in a granite are
Soda-calcium feldspar and hornblende
Two most abundant minerals in an andesite are
200 terms
Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes
magma
extrusive
intrusive
If magma cools slowly...
molten rock generated by partial melting of rocks in Earth's…
volcanic, igneous rocks that form as molten rock solidifies a…
plutonic, magma that loses mobility and crystallizes at depth…
atoms migrate large distances and create large crystals
magma
molten rock generated by partial melting of rocks in Earth's…
extrusive
volcanic, igneous rocks that form as molten rock solidifies a…
36 terms
Igneous Rocks & Volcanoes
Two most abundant minerals in a granit…
Two most abundant minerals in an andes…
Two most abundant minerals in a basalt…
Magmas are typically characterized by…
Potassium Feldspar and Quartz
Soda-calcium feldspar and hornblende
Calcium-rich feldspar and pyroxene
Silicon dioxide contents
Two most abundant minerals in a granit…
Potassium Feldspar and Quartz
Two most abundant minerals in an andes…
Soda-calcium feldspar and hornblende
7 terms
Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes.
Volcanic neck
Batholith
Stock
Laccolith
A solidified feeder pipe of an valcanoe
A pluton that has more than 100 kilometers.
A pluton that has less than 100 square kilometers
An intrusion that distorts the overlying rock
Volcanic neck
A solidified feeder pipe of an valcanoe
Batholith
A pluton that has more than 100 kilometers.
36 terms
Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes
potassium feldspar and quartz.
calcium-rich plagioclase feldspar and…
calcium-rich feldspar and pyroxene.
silicon dioxide contents.
Two most abundant minerals in a granite are?
Two most abundant minerals in an andesite are?
Two most abundant minerals in a basalt are?
Magmas are typically characterized by their?
potassium feldspar and quartz.
Two most abundant minerals in a granite are?
calcium-rich plagioclase feldspar and…
Two most abundant minerals in an andesite are?
13 terms
Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes
Igneous Rocks
Intrusive
Extrusive
Bowens Rx Series
form from crystallization of magma
magma cools slowly inside the earth; coarse texture; plutonic
magma cools quickly on surface of the earth; fine texture; vo…
the order in which minerals crystallize from magma; temperatu…
Igneous Rocks
form from crystallization of magma
Intrusive
magma cools slowly inside the earth; coarse texture; plutonic
27 terms
Igneous Rocks, Volcanoes
Crystalline
Intrusive rock
Extrusive rock
Stratovolcano
which atoms are fixed in an orderly pattern
rock that froze below ground
Rock that froze above ground
built up of layers of lava debris: omit andesite rock
Crystalline
which atoms are fixed in an orderly pattern
Intrusive rock
rock that froze below ground
36 terms
Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes
Two most abundant minerals in a granit…
Two most abundant minerals in an andes…
Two most abundant minerals in a basalt…
Magmas are typically characterized by…
Potassium feldspar and quartz
Soda-calcium feldspar and hornblende
Calcium-rich feldspar and pyroxene
Silicon dioxide contents
Two most abundant minerals in a granit…
Potassium feldspar and quartz
Two most abundant minerals in an andes…
Soda-calcium feldspar and hornblende
35 terms
Volcanoes and Igneous Rocks
Phaneritic
Aphanitic
Igneous
Magma
- A rock with grains large enough to be distinguished by the…
- A rock with grains too small to be distinguished by the eye…
A rock formed through the solidification of magma
Rock in its liquid state beneath the surface of the Earth.
Phaneritic
- A rock with grains large enough to be distinguished by the…
Aphanitic
- A rock with grains too small to be distinguished by the eye…
19 terms
Volcanoes minerals and igneous rocks
Vesicular
Igneous
Pyroclastic surge
Ash cloud
Rocks that contain gas and air pockets
Rocks that form from the solidification of melted rock
A fluid mass made of gas and rock that gets emitted from a vo…
Cloud from the volcanic eruption that is made of ash and gas
Vesicular
Rocks that contain gas and air pockets
Igneous
Rocks that form from the solidification of melted rock
34 terms
Volcanoes and Extrusive Igneous Rocks
Where do volcanoes occur?
3 Main types of extrusive igneous rocks
Rhyolite
Andesite
Above subduction Zones... Above mantle hotspots... Along rift zon…
Rhyolite... Andesite... Basalt
same composition as intrusive rock granite... pink k feldspar,…
same composition as intrusive rock diorite... feldspar, little…
Where do volcanoes occur?
Above subduction Zones... Above mantle hotspots... Along rift zon…
3 Main types of extrusive igneous rocks
Rhyolite... Andesite... Basalt
31 terms
Volcanoes and Extrusive Igneous Rocks
Volcanoes
rhyolite
andesite
Basalt
__________ occur above subduction zones, above mantle hotspot…
same compostition as "granite"... crystallizes at cooler temps
same comp as "diorite"... crystallizes at intermediate temperat…
same comp as "gabbro"... crystallizes at high temps
Volcanoes
__________ occur above subduction zones, above mantle hotspot…
rhyolite
same compostition as "granite"... crystallizes at cooler temps
17 terms
Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes
What is an igneous rock?
Extrusive
Intrusive
Magma
A rock that is made by the partial melting of rocks in the ma…
formed after erupting from a volcano, formed on surface of ea…
formed with depth in the interior of the earth
molten material from melting of rocks in the mantle, interior…
What is an igneous rock?
A rock that is made by the partial melting of rocks in the ma…
Extrusive
formed after erupting from a volcano, formed on surface of ea…
34 terms
Igneous rocks and volcanoes
Define rock cycle
What is a rock made of
Where does sedimentary rock come from…
Where does igneous rock come from
Continuous change from one type of rock to another type of rock
Two or more minerals
Sediments are lithified ( changed ) into sedimentary rock ... -…
Deep in the earth and forms from lava or magma
Define rock cycle
Continuous change from one type of rock to another type of rock
What is a rock made of
Two or more minerals
35 terms
Igneous Rocks, Volcanoes & Lava
How are igneous rocks formed? What is…
What is Magma?
What is Lava?
What are the 2 types of igneous rocks?
The cooling and hardening of molten rock called magma or lava…
Molten rock found beneath the Earths surface.
Molten rock found on the surface of the earth.
Intrusive and Extrusive.
How are igneous rocks formed? What is…
The cooling and hardening of molten rock called magma or lava…
What is Magma?
Molten rock found beneath the Earths surface.
50 terms
Igneous Rocks, Plutons & Volcanoes
How do all igneous rocks form?
What is magma? What is the difference…
What is meant by the term Crystallizat…
What two characteristics of an igneous…
Crystallization of magma
Magma is a rock that has melted.... Magma is melted rock anywher…
Crystallization is the process in which magma changes into a…
Texture and Composition
How do all igneous rocks form?
Crystallization of magma
What is magma? What is the difference…
Magma is a rock that has melted.... Magma is melted rock anywher…
17 terms
Volcanoes and Igneous Rock Test
D
Silica
Basalitic
Dark
Whether a volcano erupts violently or quietly depends on what…
Rhyolitic and granitic magmas have a lot of _______ so they d…
Rhyolite and granite are made of minerals that are lighter in…
Basalt is made of minerals that are ______ in color
D
Whether a volcano erupts violently or quietly depends on what…
Silica
Rhyolitic and granitic magmas have a lot of _______ so they d…
27 terms
magma, volcanoes, and igneous rocks
active
magma
lava
viscosity
have erupted in recorded history (last 10,000 years)
molten rock, mineral grains, and gases below the surface
molten rock, mineral grains, and gases above the surface
stickiness... - silicon increases viscosity
active
have erupted in recorded history (last 10,000 years)
magma
molten rock, mineral grains, and gases below the surface
25 terms
Igneous Rocks and Volcanoes
What is a rock with mineral grains too…
What is a rock with both large and mic…
What is a rock with mineral grains tha…
What is a rock made of unordered atoms…
Aphanitic
Porphyritic
Phaneritic
Glass
What is a rock with mineral grains too…
Aphanitic
What is a rock with both large and mic…
Porphyritic
41 terms
Volcanoes/Igneous rocks
rock melting
solidus
liquidus
partial melting
peak thermal vibration energies exceed bond energies creating…
line at which T/P conditions begin melting
line of T/P conditions where melting is complete
melting caused by increased temperature , reducing pressure a…
rock melting
peak thermal vibration energies exceed bond energies creating…
solidus
line at which T/P conditions begin melting
45 terms
Volcanoes and Igneous Rocks
Why can two igneous rocks have the sam…
The igneous rock texture that is chara…
Most shield volcanoes have grown from…
The volcanic land form that is formed…
Texture
Porphyrite
Islands
Volcanic Neck
Why can two igneous rocks have the sam…
Texture
The igneous rock texture that is chara…
Porphyrite
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