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Study sets matching "rocks"

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Study sets matching "rocks"

26 terms
Rocks
Rock
Mineral
Rock
Igneous Rock
A mixture of minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, organi…
A substance that forms in nature, is a solid, has a definite…
A substance that forms in nature, is a solid and contains at…
A rock that forms when magma cools
Rock
A mixture of minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, organi…
Mineral
A substance that forms in nature, is a solid, has a definite…
32 terms
Rocks
Rock
Mineral
Igneous Rock
Magma
A mixture of minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, organi…
Particular combinations and arrangements of atoms that can be…
A rock that forms when magma cools
Melted rock material that is found below Earth's surface
Rock
A mixture of minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, organi…
Mineral
Particular combinations and arrangements of atoms that can be…
20 terms
Rocks
deposition
erosion
extrusive rocks
intrusive rocks
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
when weathered rock is moved away
rocks formed from molten lava that hardens on the earth's sur…
coarse-grained rocks that form beneath Erath's surface (cools…
deposition
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
erosion
when weathered rock is moved away
14 terms
Rocks
Rock
Igneous Rock
Magma
Lava
A mixture of minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, organi…
A rock that forms when magma cools
Melted rock material that is found below Earth's surface
Melted rock material that reaches Earth's surface
Rock
A mixture of minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, organi…
Igneous Rock
A rock that forms when magma cools
15 terms
Rocks
sedimentary
metamorphic
intrusive igneous
extrusive igneous
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
Rock formed from the cooling and solidification of magma bene…
Rock that forms from the cooling and solidification of lava a…
sedimentary
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
metamorphic
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
14 terms
Rocks
igneous
sedimentary
metamorphic
rock cycle
rocks formed from magma cooling
rocks form from sediments compacted and cemented together
rocks changed by temperature, pressure, and hot fluids
model showing the processes that create and change rocks
igneous
rocks formed from magma cooling
sedimentary
rocks form from sediments compacted and cemented together
14 terms
Rocks
igneous
sedimentary
metamorphic
rock cycle
rocks formed from magma cooling
rocks form from sediments compacted and cemented together
rocks changed by temperature, pressure, and hot fluids
model showing the processes that create and change rocks
igneous
rocks formed from magma cooling
sedimentary
rocks form from sediments compacted and cemented together
43 terms
Rocks
Rocks
Heat & Pressure
Melting
Weathering & Erosion
Mix of minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, and organic…
Process that creates metamorphic rocks
Process that transforms any type of rock into magma
Process that transforms any type of rock into sediments
Rocks
Mix of minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, and organic…
Heat & Pressure
Process that creates metamorphic rocks
39 terms
Rocks
contact metamorphism
regional metamorphism
crystalization
deposition
A change in the texture, structure, or chemical composition o…
A change in the texture, structure, or chemical composition o…
The way atoms line up to form a crystal structure
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
contact metamorphism
A change in the texture, structure, or chemical composition o…
regional metamorphism
A change in the texture, structure, or chemical composition o…
10 terms
Rocks
igneous
sedimentary
metamorphic
rock cycle
rocks formed from magma cooling
rocks form from sediments compacted and cemented together
rocks changed by temperature, pressure, and hot fluids
model showing the processes that create and change rocks
igneous
rocks formed from magma cooling
sedimentary
rocks form from sediments compacted and cemented together
28 terms
Rocks
Density
Igneous
Sedimentary
Metamorphic Rocks
Density refers to the amount of matter in a given space. It e…
Form from cooled Magma (Intrusive) and Lava (Extrusive)... They…
Rock that forms from tiny pieces of rock, minerals, and organ…
These rocks have been altered by extreme heat and pressure.…
Density
Density refers to the amount of matter in a given space. It e…
Igneous
Form from cooled Magma (Intrusive) and Lava (Extrusive)... They…
Rocks
igneous
sedimentary
metamorphic
rock cycle
rocks formed from magma cooling
rocks form from sediments compacted and cemented together
rocks changed by temperature, pressure, and hot fluids
model showing the processes that create and change rocks
igneous
rocks formed from magma cooling
sedimentary
rocks form from sediments compacted and cemented together
42 terms
Rocks
rock forming
igneous
basalt
granite
20 of these make up most of the rocks on Earth's crust
ignis- fire
foundation of ocean crust
foundation of mountains and continental crust
rock forming
20 of these make up most of the rocks on Earth's crust
igneous
ignis- fire
22 terms
Rocks!
Sediments
Sedimentary rock
Weathering
Erosion
small pieces of rock, soil, and other materials
rocks fromed from sediment derived not only from rock fragmen…
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Process by which weathered rock and soil are moved from one p…
Sediments
small pieces of rock, soil, and other materials
Sedimentary rock
rocks fromed from sediment derived not only from rock fragmen…
27 terms
Rocks
Angular Unconformity
Basaltic
Cementation
Compaction
- when new horizontal layers of sedimentary rock form on top…
- dense, dark-colored igneous rock formed from magma; rich in…
- sedimentary rock-forming process in which large sediments a…
- process that forms sedimentary rocks when layers of small s…
Angular Unconformity
- when new horizontal layers of sedimentary rock form on top…
Basaltic
- dense, dark-colored igneous rock formed from magma; rich in…
19 terms
Rocks
rock
composition
texture
molten rock
the material that makes up solid Earth. They can be a collect…
the minerals that make up a rock
the size of the crystals or grains that make up a rock
liquid rock. It is magma if it is underground and lava if it…
rock
the material that makes up solid Earth. They can be a collect…
composition
the minerals that make up a rock
10 terms
Rocks
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
rock cycle
Rock formed from cooled lava
Form when sediments are pressed and cemented together.
Rocks formed because of changes in temperature and ... pressure
The process of changing from one type of rock to another
igneous rock
Rock formed from cooled lava
sedimentary rock
Form when sediments are pressed and cemented together.
20 terms
Rocks
igneous
sedimentary
metamorphic
rock cycle
rocks formed from magma cooling
rocks form from sediments compacted and cemented together
rocks changed by temperature, pressure, and hot fluids
model showing the processes that create and change rocks
igneous
rocks formed from magma cooling
sedimentary
rocks form from sediments compacted and cemented together
9 terms
Rocks
rock
igneous rock
molten rock
magma
mixture of minerals cemented together
rocks formed from melted rock or minerals
melted minerals
melted minerals INSIDE Earth
rock
mixture of minerals cemented together
igneous rock
rocks formed from melted rock or minerals
9 terms
Rocks
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
rock cycle
Rock formed from cooled lava
Form when sediments are pressed and cemented together.
Rocks formed because of changes in temperature and ... pressure
The process of changing from one type of rock to another
igneous rock
Rock formed from cooled lava
sedimentary rock
Form when sediments are pressed and cemented together.
23 terms
Rocks
Granite
obsidian
pumice
rhyolite
Felsic composition. Coarse grained. Most common Igneous rock.…
Black volcanic glass
a frothy light colored volcanic glass
a fine-grained, granitic, igneous rock made up mostly of feld…
Granite
Felsic composition. Coarse grained. Most common Igneous rock.…
obsidian
Black volcanic glass
10 terms
Rocks
igneous
sedimentary
metamorphic
rock cycle
rocks formed from magma cooling
rocks form from sediments compacted and cemented together
rocks changed by temperature, pressure, and hot fluids
model showing the processes that create and change rocks
igneous
rocks formed from magma cooling
sedimentary
rocks form from sediments compacted and cemented together
23 terms
Rocks
Pumice, Igneous, Frothy Glass
Rhyolite, Igneous, Fine-grained
Granite (Biotite), Igneous, Coarse-gra…
Obsidian, Igneous, Glassy
Pumice, Igneous, Frothy Glass
Rhyolite, Igneous, Fine-grained
16 terms
Rocks
3 Types of Rocks
IGNEOUS Rocks
INTRUSIVE Igneous Rocks
EXTRUSIVE Igneous Rocks
IGNEOUS; SEDIMENTARY; METAMORPHIC
FORMED FROM COOLING LAVA or MAGMA
Cool INSIDE the earth SLOWLY and have LARGE CRYSTALS
Cool OUTSIDE the earth RAPIDLY and SMALL CRYSTALS
3 Types of Rocks
IGNEOUS; SEDIMENTARY; METAMORPHIC
IGNEOUS Rocks
FORMED FROM COOLING LAVA or MAGMA
14 terms
Rocks
texture
grains
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
The look and feel of a rock's surface, determined by the size…
The particles of minerals or other rocks that give a rock its…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
texture
The look and feel of a rock's surface, determined by the size…
grains
The particles of minerals or other rocks that give a rock its…
16 terms
Rocks
igneous - Fire Rocks
sedimentary
metamorphic
rock cycle
Rocks formed due to the hardening of molten rock (rocks forme…
- Make up 75% of all rocks exposed on the Earth's surface - S…
Rocks formed because of changes in temperature and ... pressure…
Rocks are constantly being formed, worn down and then formed…
igneous - Fire Rocks
Rocks formed due to the hardening of molten rock (rocks forme…
sedimentary
- Make up 75% of all rocks exposed on the Earth's surface - S…
9 terms
Rocks
sedimentary rock
igneous rock
metamorphic rock
weathering
Rocks that form when small pieces are compressed together int…
Rocks that form when hot magma or lava cool and harden.
Rocks that are changed by heat and pressure into a new rock.
The breaking up of rock by water, plants and animals.
sedimentary rock
Rocks that form when small pieces are compressed together int…
igneous rock
Rocks that form when hot magma or lava cool and harden.
9 terms
Rocks!
mineral
igneous
sedimentary
metamorphic
an inorganic solid that occur naturally and form all rocks
type of rock formed when magma or lava cools and hardens
type of rock that forms when sediment is pressed together
type of rock formed when other rock is exposed to heat and pr…
mineral
an inorganic solid that occur naturally and form all rocks
igneous
type of rock formed when magma or lava cools and hardens
38 terms
Rocks
granite
basalt
grains
texture
A usually light-colored (felsic) igneous rock that is formed…
A mafic, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, formed from…
The particles of mineral or other rocks that give a rock its…
The look and feel of a rock's surface, determined by size, sh…
granite
A usually light-colored (felsic) igneous rock that is formed…
basalt
A mafic, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, formed from…
9 terms
Rocks
sedimentary rock
igneous rock
metamorphic rock
weathering
Rocks that form when small pieces are compressed together int…
Rocks that form when hot magma or lava cool and harden.
Rocks that are changed by heat and pressure into a new rock.
The breaking up of rock by water, plants and animals.
sedimentary rock
Rocks that form when small pieces are compressed together int…
igneous rock
Rocks that form when hot magma or lava cool and harden.
19 terms
Rocks
What is an igneous rock ? -
What is a sedimentary rock ?
What is a metamorphic rock ?
What is the rock cycle ?
Nickname for Igneous rock is FIRE ROCK. Rocks from hardening…
- Make up 75% of all rocks on the Earth's surface - Second mo…
Rocks formed because of changes in temperature and pressure o…
Rocks are constantly being formed, worn down and then formed…
What is an igneous rock ? -
Nickname for Igneous rock is FIRE ROCK. Rocks from hardening…
What is a sedimentary rock ?
- Make up 75% of all rocks on the Earth's surface - Second mo…
61 terms
rocks
Dunite
Rhyolite
Granite
Pumice
Dunite
Rhyolite
19 terms
Rocks
What is an igneous rock ? -
What is a sedimentary rock ?
What is a metamorphic rock ?
What is the rock cycle ?
Nickname for Igneous rock is FIRE ROCK. Rocks from hardening…
- Make up 75% of all rocks on the Earth's surface - Second mo…
Rocks formed because of changes in temperature and ... pressure…
Rocks are constantly being formed, worn down and then formed…
What is an igneous rock ? -
Nickname for Igneous rock is FIRE ROCK. Rocks from hardening…
What is a sedimentary rock ?
- Make up 75% of all rocks on the Earth's surface - Second mo…
19 terms
Rocks
What is an igneous rock ? -
What is a sedimentary rock ?
What is a metamorphic rock ?
What is the rock cycle ?
Nickname for Igneous rock is FIRE ROCK. Rocks from hardening…
- Make up 75% of all rocks on the Earth's surface - Second mo…
Rocks formed because of changes in temperature and ... pressure…
Rocks are constantly being formed, worn down and then formed…
What is an igneous rock ? -
Nickname for Igneous rock is FIRE ROCK. Rocks from hardening…
What is a sedimentary rock ?
- Make up 75% of all rocks on the Earth's surface - Second mo…
19 terms
Rocks
What is an igneous rock ? -
What is a sedimentary rock ?
What is a metamorphic rock ?
What is the rock cycle ?
Nickname for Igneous rock is FIRE ROCK. Rocks from hardening…
- Make up 75% of all rocks on the Earth's surface - Second mo…
Rocks formed because of changes in temperature and ... pressure…
Rocks are constantly being formed, worn down and then formed…
What is an igneous rock ? -
Nickname for Igneous rock is FIRE ROCK. Rocks from hardening…
What is a sedimentary rock ?
- Make up 75% of all rocks on the Earth's surface - Second mo…
20 terms
Rocks
What is an igneous rock ? -
What is a sedimentary rock ?
What is a metamorphic rock ?
What is the rock cycle ?
Nickname for Igneous rock is FIRE ROCK. Rocks from hardening…
- Make up 75% of all rocks on the Earth's surface - Second mo…
Rocks formed because of changes in temperature and ... pressure…
Rocks are constantly being formed, worn down and then formed…
What is an igneous rock ? -
Nickname for Igneous rock is FIRE ROCK. Rocks from hardening…
What is a sedimentary rock ?
- Make up 75% of all rocks on the Earth's surface - Second mo…
46 terms
Rocks
Welded Tuff
Basalt
Granite
Diorite
Rock Type: Igneous... Texture: Pyroclastic... Composition: Varies... T…
Rock Type: Igneous... Texture: Aphanitic... Composition: Mafic... Type…
Rock Type: Igneous... Texture: Phaneritic... Composition: Felsic... Ty…
Rock Type: Igneous... Texture: Phaneritic... Composition: Intermedi…
Welded Tuff
Rock Type: Igneous... Texture: Pyroclastic... Composition: Varies... T…
Basalt
Rock Type: Igneous... Texture: Aphanitic... Composition: Mafic... Type…
8 terms
Rocks
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Metamorphic Rock
Weathering
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
Chemical or physical process that breaks down rocks into smal…
Igneous Rock
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
Sedimentary Rock
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
10 terms
Rocks
Igneous
Sedimentary
Metamorphic
Erosion
Volcanic Rocks made of lava
Layers of rocks pressed together
Rocks changed by heat and pressure
When rocks are moved by wind or water
Igneous
Volcanic Rocks made of lava
Sedimentary
Layers of rocks pressed together
10 terms
Rocks
Rock's Origin
Basalt
texture
breccia
The way the rock formed
dark color, small mineral crystals
the look and feel of a rock's surface
jagged grain rock
Rock's Origin
The way the rock formed
Basalt
dark color, small mineral crystals
22 terms
Rocks
Igneous Rocks
Intrusive Igneous Rocks
Extrusive Igneous Rocks
Course Grained Texture
Formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava.
These are the rocks that form from inside the surface.
These are the type of rocks that form on the surface.
Mineral grains easily visible.
Igneous Rocks
Formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava.
Intrusive Igneous Rocks
These are the rocks that form from inside the surface.
16 terms
Rocks
marble
anthracite coal
gnesis
quartzite
marble
anthracite coal
21 terms
Rocks
gabbro
rhyolite
granite
obsidian
gabbro
rhyolite
27 terms
rocks
Conglomerate- clastic, river rock
Sandstone- clastic, continental shelf
Shale- clastic, deep ocean, oil
Flint - Chemical/Organic, Conchoidal F…
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Conglomerate- clastic, river rock
Sedimentary
Sandstone- clastic, continental shelf
Sedimentary
32 terms
Rocks
rock cycle
magma
lava
igneous
process by which one rock becomes another type of rock
melted rock under the surface
melted rock on the surface
rock created from process of melting and cooling of magma
rock cycle
process by which one rock becomes another type of rock
magma
melted rock under the surface
17 terms
Rocks
Metamorphic rock
Foliated
Non Foliated
Pressurization
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
Term used to describe metamorphic rocks whose grains are arra…
Lack of apparent foliation; Develop in environments where def…
10 in Hg... A mechanical process that keeps the atmospheric cond…
Metamorphic rock
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
Foliated
Term used to describe metamorphic rocks whose grains are arra…
13 terms
Rocks
Igneous
Sedimentary
Metamorphic
Weathering
Rocks formed by the cooling and hardening of magma or molten…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Igneous
Rocks formed by the cooling and hardening of magma or molten…
Sedimentary
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
26 terms
Rocks
Igneous
Igneous, very rapid cooling
Igneous, rapidly cooled
Igneous, slowly cooled
look for visible and sharply defined minerals in coarse -text…
glassy, e.g. pumice, obsidian and ash
fine crystalline materials, e.g. rhyolite, andesite or basalt
coarse crystalline material, e.g. granite, diorite, gabbro, a…
Igneous
look for visible and sharply defined minerals in coarse -text…
Igneous, very rapid cooling
glassy, e.g. pumice, obsidian and ash
12 terms
Rocks
Igneous rock
Sedimentary rock
Metamorphic rock
Rock cycle
Rock formed from cooled lava
Form when sediments are pressed and cemented together.
Rocks formed because of changes in temperature and ... pressure
The process of changing from one type of rock to another
Igneous rock
Rock formed from cooled lava
Sedimentary rock
Form when sediments are pressed and cemented together.
Rocks
deposition
erosion
extrusive rocks
intrusive rocks
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
when weathered rock is moved away
rocks formed from molten lava that hardens on the earth's sur…
coarse-grained rocks that form beneath Erath's surface (cools…
deposition
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
erosion
when weathered rock is moved away
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