Study sets matching "roots stems and leaves"

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Study sets matching "roots stems and leaves"

12 terms
"Roots, Stems, and Leaves" Vocabulary
photosynthesis
chlorophyll
xylem
phloem
A food making process in green plants that uses sunlight
A green chemical in plant cells that allows plants to use the…
The tissue through which water and minerals move up through a…
The tissue through which food from leaves moves down through…
photosynthesis
A food making process in green plants that uses sunlight
chlorophyll
A green chemical in plant cells that allows plants to use the…
14 terms
Roots, Stems, and Leaves
Xylem
Phloem
Epidermis
Root cap
Water and minerals flow up through this
Food flows down from the leaves through this
Outer layer of the root
Protects the tip of the root as it grows into the soil
Xylem
Water and minerals flow up through this
Phloem
Food flows down from the leaves through this
Botany Stems, Roots, and Leaves
monocot stem
dicot stem
monocot root
dicot root
what is this?
what is this?
what is this?
what is this?
monocot stem
what is this?
dicot stem
what is this?
17 terms
Roots, Stems, and Leaves
Xylem
Phloem
Transpiration
Main Functions of Roots
Vascular tissue that transports water and nutrients upward fr…
Vascular tissue that transports water and sugars downward fro…
Movement of water from the plant into the atmosphere (usually…
1) Absorbing water and nutrients from soil.... 2) Anchoring / ke…
Xylem
Vascular tissue that transports water and nutrients upward fr…
Phloem
Vascular tissue that transports water and sugars downward fro…
Roots, Stems and Leaves
Root Hair
Transpiration
Cambium
Xylem
Any of the threadlike projections from a plant root that abso…
The loss of water through a plant's leaves, which draws water…
The layer in plant that separates the xylem from the phloem
The tissue through which water and minerals move up through a…
Root Hair
Any of the threadlike projections from a plant root that abso…
Transpiration
The loss of water through a plant's leaves, which draws water…
44 terms
Botany Stems, Roots, and Leaves
monocot stem
dicot stem
monocot root
dicot root
what is this?
what is this?
what is this?
what is this?
monocot stem
what is this?
dicot stem
what is this?
9 terms
Roots,stems and leaves
Roots
Stems
Nodes
Internodes
Plamt organ that anchors a plant to the group,absorbs water a…
Carry substances between plant's roots and leaves.also provid…
Stems contains distict
Where leaves are attached
Roots
Plamt organ that anchors a plant to the group,absorbs water a…
Stems
Carry substances between plant's roots and leaves.also provid…
10 terms
Roots, Stems, and Leaves
Roots
Vascular Tissue
Taproot
Fibrous Root
plant organ that anchors a plant to the ground, absorbs water…
the blood stream of the stem
single, thick structures with smaller branching roots
small, branching roots that grow from a central point
Roots
plant organ that anchors a plant to the ground, absorbs water…
Vascular Tissue
the blood stream of the stem
25 terms
Roots, Stems and Leaves
Roots
Stems
Leaves
Dermal tissue
Absorb water and dissolve nutrients and anchor plants in the…
Support the plant body and transport materials throughout the…
Main organ of photosynthesis and function in gas exchange
Skin of the plant that protects the plant and prevents water…
Roots
Absorb water and dissolve nutrients and anchor plants in the…
Stems
Support the plant body and transport materials throughout the…
Roots, Stems and Leaves
Root Cap
Root Hairs
Cortex
Xylem
A thin covering made up of cells. It protects the root tip as…
threadlike parts of cells on the surface of a root.
a layer just inside the epidermis of roots and stems. It stor…
Tissue through which water and minerals flow up through the p…
Root Cap
A thin covering made up of cells. It protects the root tip as…
Root Hairs
threadlike parts of cells on the surface of a root.
Roots, Stems and Leaves
root cap
fibrous root
cortex
xylem
a layer of tough cells that protect the growing tip of the root
a large thick root with a few hairy branching roots
a layer just inside the epidermis
tissue through which water and minerals flow up through the p…
root cap
a layer of tough cells that protect the growing tip of the root
fibrous root
a large thick root with a few hairy branching roots
Leaves, roots and stems
Function of leaves
Photosynthesis in leaves
Leaf structure
Leaf gas exchange
1. Trap light energy for photosynthesis... 2. Producing sugar fr…
Wide to help catch more sunlight energy and thin to help get…
Leaves are designed to allow carbon dioxide to get to the mai…
Function of leaves
1. Trap light energy for photosynthesis... 2. Producing sugar fr…
Photosynthesis in leaves
stems, leaves and roots
apical bud
node
axillary bud
petiole
A bud at the tip of a stem, where growth occurs to lengthen t…
A point along the stem of a plant at which leaves are attached.
A structure that has the potential to form a lateral shoot, o…
The stalk of a leaf, which joins the leaf to a node of the st…
apical bud
A bud at the tip of a stem, where growth occurs to lengthen t…
node
A point along the stem of a plant at which leaves are attached.
98 terms
Stems, Roots, and Leaves
body
shoot
root
stem
the part of a plant that consists of two parts, root and shoot
the above ground part of a plant that normally bears leaves,…
the below ground portion of a plant that functions in anchora…
the main above ground axis of a plant; consists of nodes, the…
body
the part of a plant that consists of two parts, root and shoot
shoot
the above ground part of a plant that normally bears leaves,…
Flowers stems roots leaves
Function of Roots
How do roots collect water?
Osmosis
Function of Stems
Anchor the plant ... Collect water and minerals
Osmosis
The movement of water across a semi permeable membrane to pro…
Connect Roots (get water/nutrients) and leaves (needs these f…
Function of Roots
Anchor the plant ... Collect water and minerals
How do roots collect water?
Osmosis
20 terms
Roots, Stems and Leaves 22.2
rootcap
cortex
endodermis
pericycle
the covering on the tip of a root
the layer below the epidermal layer of the root, made up of p…
a layer of cells on the inner boundary edge of the cortex of…
the layer of cells directly next to the endoderm toward the c…
rootcap
the covering on the tip of a root
cortex
the layer below the epidermal layer of the root, made up of p…
44 terms
Botany Stems, Roots, and Leaves
monocot stem
dicot stem
monocot root
dicot root
what is this?
what is this?
what is this?
what is this?
monocot stem
what is this?
dicot stem
what is this?
leaves, roots and stems
leaves
roots
root nodule
shoot tip
(top-bottom)epidermis, palisade mesophyll, spongy mesophyll,…
(in-out) xylem, phloem, pericycle, endodermis, cortex, epider…
bacteria use energy from plants to capture nitrogen into orga…
(up-down) leaf primordia with immature vascular tissue, apica…
leaves
(top-bottom)epidermis, palisade mesophyll, spongy mesophyll,…
roots
(in-out) xylem, phloem, pericycle, endodermis, cortex, epider…
19 terms
Roots, Stems & Leaves
Nonvascular Plants
Seedless vascular Plants
Vascular Seed Plants
Angiosperms
Must be in contact with water
Reproduce with spores (asexual)
Reproduce with seeds (sexual)
Flowering Plants (most diverse)
Nonvascular Plants
Must be in contact with water
Seedless vascular Plants
Reproduce with spores (asexual)
18 terms
Science, roots, stems and leaves
root hairs
fibrous root system
simple leaf
roots
help a root absorb more water
many thin branched roots
leaf blades are in one piece
take in water and dissolved minerals
root hairs
help a root absorb more water
fibrous root system
many thin branched roots
46 terms
Leaves, Stems, and Roots
What are the three principal organs an…
What are the three main tissue systems…
What specialized cells make up vascula…
How does meristematic tissue differ fr…
Roots, stems, and leaves
Dermal tissue, vascular tissue, and ground tissue
It contains several types of specialized cells; Xylem consist…
It is the only plant tissue that produces new cells by mitosis
What are the three principal organs an…
Roots, stems, and leaves
What are the three main tissue systems…
Dermal tissue, vascular tissue, and ground tissue
Roots, Stems, & Leaves
Monocot characteristics
Dicot Characteristics
Plant morphology
Major plant parts:
Single Cotyledon... Long Narrow leaf... parallel veins... vascular bun…
two cotyledon... broad leaf... network of veins... vascular bundles in…
the study of the physical characteristics of an organism
roots... stem... leaves... inflorescence... flower... fruit... seed
Monocot characteristics
Single Cotyledon... Long Narrow leaf... parallel veins... vascular bun…
Dicot Characteristics
two cotyledon... broad leaf... network of veins... vascular bundles in…
15 terms
Root, Stem, and Leaves A
Meristematic tissue
Apical meristem
Epidermal cell
Cuticle
plant tissue found only in the tips of shoots and roots; resp…
group of undifferentiated cells that divide to produce increa…
Dermal tissue usually consists of a single layer of this type…
A waxy covering on the surface of stems and leaves that acts…
Meristematic tissue
plant tissue found only in the tips of shoots and roots; resp…
Apical meristem
group of undifferentiated cells that divide to produce increa…
42 terms
Ch 23 Roots, Stems and Leaves
epidermal cell
vessel elements
sieve tube element
companion cell
cell that makes up the dermal tissue, which is the outer cove…
A specialized short, wide cell in angiosperms; arranged end t…
phloem cell that is joined end-to-end to similar cells to for…
A type of plant cell that is connected to a sieve-tube member…
epidermal cell
cell that makes up the dermal tissue, which is the outer cove…
vessel elements
A specialized short, wide cell in angiosperms; arranged end t…
18 terms
Roots, Stems, and Leaves: Section 4
Root Functions
Two main types of root systems
Fibrous root characteristics
Taproot characteristics
Roots anchor a plant in the ground, absorb water and minerals…
Fibrous roots and taproot systems
Fibrous root systems consist of many similarly sized roots wh…
Taproot systems have one long and thick main root
Root Functions
Roots anchor a plant in the ground, absorb water and minerals…
Two main types of root systems
Fibrous roots and taproot systems
Roots, stems, leaves, and gymnnosperms
root pressure
transpiration
water coheson
stomata
due to osmotic uptake by plants root
allows for h20 transport
...
a small opening in the undersurface of leaves
root pressure
due to osmotic uptake by plants root
transpiration
allows for h20 transport
X. Roots, Stems, and Leaves
dermal tissue
vascular tissue
ground tissue
meristematic tissue
the protective outer covering of a plant
the tissue that supports the plant body and transports water…
tissue that produces and stores sugars and contributes to phy…
tissue made of unspecialized cells in which mitosis produces…
dermal tissue
the protective outer covering of a plant
vascular tissue
the tissue that supports the plant body and transports water…
Roots, stems, & leaves
: anchor the plant, absorb water and m…
: supports leaves
: carry on photosynthesis
Dermal: outer protective coating of or…
Root
Stem
Leaves
Major tissue of vegetative organs
: anchor the plant, absorb water and m…
Root
: supports leaves
Stem
49 terms
Roots Stems & Leaves Bio
Sieve Tubes
Indusium
Cuticle
Lateral Meristem
a specialised type of elongated cell in the phloem tissue
a thin membrane covering the underside of the fern
a water-impervious protective layer covering the epidermal ce…
surround the established stem of a plant and cause it to grow…
Sieve Tubes
a specialised type of elongated cell in the phloem tissue
Indusium
a thin membrane covering the underside of the fern
37 terms
Roots, Stems, & Leaves
Organs
Dermal Tissue
Roots
Stems
Roots, Stems, & Leaves
Outer covering... Leaves: Waxy on both sides, more waxy on the t…
Extract water & nutrients
Support plant; produce leaves
Organs
Roots, Stems, & Leaves
Dermal Tissue
Outer covering... Leaves: Waxy on both sides, more waxy on the t…
15 terms
BIOLOGY: Roots, Stems, Leaves
water, inorganic nutrients
nitrogen, phosphate, potassium
anchors the plant, storage
monocot
2 things roots absorb
3 inorganic nutrients that roots absorb
2 functions of roots
Flower parts in multiple of three (3);... Stomata in parallel rows
water, inorganic nutrients
2 things roots absorb
nitrogen, phosphate, potassium
3 inorganic nutrients that roots absorb
Leaves Stems and Roots (1)
Apical meristems produce something cal…
What are the three different types of…
What does an "entire" leaf margin look…
What does a "toothed" leaf margin look…
The auxin will not be in great enough concentration to inhibi…
1) Entire... 2) Toothed... 3) Lobed
Apical meristems produce something cal…
The auxin will not be in great enough concentration to inhibi…
What are the three different types of…
1) Entire... 2) Toothed... 3) Lobed
9 terms
Root Stems and Leaves
Onion Root tip
Monocot Root
Dicot Root
monocot stem
Onion Root tip
Monocot Root
12 terms
Plants -Roots, Stems, Leaves
meristem
root hair
xylem
phloem
growing part of the root
absorb water
in stem, carries water from roots to leaves
in stem, carries food from the leaves to the rest of the plant
meristem
growing part of the root
root hair
absorb water
Leaves, Stems, and Roots
Petiole
Midrib
Blade
Veins
Connects the leaf to the stem
Large center vein
Large flat part of the leaf
Structural framework of the leaf
Petiole
Connects the leaf to the stem
Midrib
Large center vein
27 terms
Roots stems and leaves
Main organisms of plants
Types of tissue in plants
Dermal
Vascular
Stems roots and leaves
Dermal... Vascular
•Outer covering of plant... •cuticle... •skin
•transport system that moves water and nutrients throughout t…
Main organisms of plants
Stems roots and leaves
Types of tissue in plants
Dermal... Vascular
33 terms
Stems, Leaves, and Roots Vocabulary
cambium
photosynthesis
vein
leaf blade
a layer that separates xylem from phloem
a food-making process that uses sunlight
part of a leaf that carries the water and minerals to the lea…
main part of a leaf
cambium
a layer that separates xylem from phloem
photosynthesis
a food-making process that uses sunlight
18 terms
Roots, Stems, and Leaves
Leaves
Upper epidermis
Cuticle
Palisade Parenchyma
-Primary site for photosynthesis... -Transpiration... -Gas exchange
-Side of leaf that face the sun... -One layer thick... -Each layer…
-On all leaves... -Evolutionary adaption that prevents water loss
-Ground tissue (filters)... -Tightly packed... -Capture as much lig…
Leaves
-Primary site for photosynthesis... -Transpiration... -Gas exchange
Upper epidermis
-Side of leaf that face the sun... -One layer thick... -Each layer…
18 terms
Roots, Stems, and Leaves
Function of roots
Types of root systems
Shoot consists of?
Modified underground stems
anchorage, absorption, conduction, storage
fleshy taproots, non-fleshy taproots, diffused, adventitious
stem and its leaves
rhizomes, tuber, corm, bulbs
Function of roots
anchorage, absorption, conduction, storage
Types of root systems
fleshy taproots, non-fleshy taproots, diffused, adventitious
Roots, Stems and Leaves
Fibrous
Epiphyte
Absorption
Tap root
a root system composed of several seminal roots
a plant whose roots do not require contact with the soil
the process were dissolves minerals are transported into a pl…
when a root system forms a single primary root
Fibrous
a root system composed of several seminal roots
Epiphyte
a plant whose roots do not require contact with the soil
14 terms
Roots, stems, and leaves (vocabulary)
Endodermis
Epidermis
Xylem
Phloem
Innermost layer of the outer tissue (creates a ring around th…
Single layer of cells that forms the dermal tissue, forms a p…
Vascular tissue that transports water, consists of long tubes…
Vascular tissue that transports sugars and other metabolic pr…
Endodermis
Innermost layer of the outer tissue (creates a ring around th…
Epidermis
Single layer of cells that forms the dermal tissue, forms a p…
20 terms
Roots, Stems, and Leaves
epidermal cell
vessel element
sieve tube element
meristem
Dermal tissue usually consists of a single layer of this type…
in angiosperms, xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tu…
found in phloem; stacked end to end; have holes so materials…
Plant tissue that remains embryonic as long as the plant live…
epidermal cell
Dermal tissue usually consists of a single layer of this type…
vessel element
in angiosperms, xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tu…
20 terms
Roots Stems or Leaves
root
stem
leaves
photosynthesis
(botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or lea…
a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fun…
photosynthetic organ that contains one or more bundles of vas…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
root
(botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or lea…
stem
a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fun…
20 terms
Roots, stems and leaves
Epidermis
root cortex
casparian strip
endodermis
outter layer of tissue
region of parenchyma cells under epidermis of a root... cells st…
wax like strip that runs through cell wall of an endothermal…
innermost layer of cells in cortex of root... walls wrapped w/ w…
Epidermis
outter layer of tissue
root cortex
region of parenchyma cells under epidermis of a root... cells st…
15 terms
Roots, Stems, Leaves Quiz
Xylem
Phloem
woody stem
herbaceous stem
Vascular tissue that transports water
vascular tissue that transports food
hard and rigid
soft, green and flexible
Xylem
Vascular tissue that transports water
Phloem
vascular tissue that transports food
13 terms
Roots stems and leaves
Roots
Taproot
Fibrous root
Stems
Plant organ that anchors a plant to the ground, absorbs water…
Single thick structure with branching roots (carrot)
Small branching roots that grow from a central point
Carry substances from the plant roots all the way up to the l…
Roots
Plant organ that anchors a plant to the ground, absorbs water…
Taproot
Single thick structure with branching roots (carrot)
14 terms
Roots, Stems, and Leaves
The three main plant organs are
Protects the plant and prevents water…
Moves water and nutrients throughout t…
Moves water
roots, stem, and leaves
dermal tissue
vascular tissue
xylem
The three main plant organs are
roots, stem, and leaves
Protects the plant and prevents water…
dermal tissue
Roots stems and leaves
Petial
Nodes
Root hairs
Storage roots
Structure that actually joins a blade to the stem
Points on a stem where leaves are attached
Extension of a root epidermal cell that increase the surface…
Beets and carrots
Petial
Structure that actually joins a blade to the stem
Nodes
Points on a stem where leaves are attached
Botany Stems, Roots, and Leaves
monocot stem
dicot stem
monocot root
dicot root
what is this?
what is this?
what is this?
what is this?
monocot stem
what is this?
dicot stem
what is this?
33 terms
Roots stems and leaves
Rootcap
Parenchyma cells
Collenchyma cells
Sclerenchyma cells
Covers the tip of the root
Most flexible, thin walked cells found throughout a plant; ca…
Plant cells that often are elongated and occur in long strand…
Plant cells that lack cytoplasm and other living components w…
Rootcap
Covers the tip of the root
Parenchyma cells
Most flexible, thin walked cells found throughout a plant; ca…
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