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Study sets matching "roots stems and leaves"

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Study sets matching "roots stems and leaves"

17 terms
Roots, Stems, and Leaves
Xylem
Phloem
Transpiration
Main Functions of Roots
Vascular tissue that transports water and nutrients upward fr…
Vascular tissue that transports water and sugars downward fro…
Movement of water from the plant into the atmosphere (usually…
1) Absorbing water and nutrients from soil.... 2) Anchoring / ke…
Xylem
Vascular tissue that transports water and nutrients upward fr…
Phloem
Vascular tissue that transports water and sugars downward fro…
14 terms
Roots, Stems, and Leaves
Xylem
Phloem
Epidermis
Root cap
Water and minerals flow up through this
Food flows down from the leaves through this
Outer layer of the root
Protects the tip of the root as it grows into the soil
Xylem
Water and minerals flow up through this
Phloem
Food flows down from the leaves through this
8 terms
Roots, Stems and Leaves
Root Hair
Transpiration
Cambium
Xylem
Any of the threadlike projections from a plant root that abso…
The loss of water through a plant's leaves, which draws water…
The layer in plant that separates the xylem from the phloem
The tissue through which water and minerals move up through a…
Root Hair
Any of the threadlike projections from a plant root that abso…
Transpiration
The loss of water through a plant's leaves, which draws water…
44 terms
Botany Stems, Roots, and Leaves
monocot stem
dicot stem
monocot root
dicot root
what is this?
what is this?
what is this?
what is this?
monocot stem
what is this?
dicot stem
what is this?
44 terms
Botany Stems, Roots, and Leaves
monocot stem
dicot stem
monocot root
dicot root
what is this?
what is this?
what is this?
what is this?
monocot stem
what is this?
dicot stem
what is this?
22 terms
Flowers stems roots leaves
Function of Roots
How do roots collect water?
Osmosis
Function of Stems
Anchor the plant ... Collect water and minerals
Osmosis
The movement of water across a semi permeable membrane to pro…
Connect Roots (get water/nutrients) and leaves (needs these f…
Function of Roots
Anchor the plant ... Collect water and minerals
How do roots collect water?
Osmosis
19 terms
Roots, Stems & Leaves
Nonvascular Plants
Seedless vascular Plants
Vascular Seed Plants
Angiosperms
Must be in contact with water
Reproduce with spores (asexual)
Reproduce with seeds (sexual)
Flowering Plants (most diverse)
Nonvascular Plants
Must be in contact with water
Seedless vascular Plants
Reproduce with spores (asexual)
25 terms
Roots, Stems and Leaves
Roots
Stems
Leaves
Dermal tissue
Absorb water and dissolve nutrients and anchor plants in the…
Support the plant body and transport materials throughout the…
Main organ of photosynthesis and function in gas exchange
Skin of the plant that protects the plant and prevents water…
Roots
Absorb water and dissolve nutrients and anchor plants in the…
Stems
Support the plant body and transport materials throughout the…
9 terms
Root Stems and Leaves
Onion Root tip
Monocot Root
Dicot Root
monocot stem
Onion Root tip
Monocot Root
29 terms
stems, leaves and roots
apical bud
node
axillary bud
petiole
A bud at the tip of a stem, where growth occurs to lengthen t…
A point along the stem of a plant at which leaves are attached.
A structure that has the potential to form a lateral shoot, o…
The stalk of a leaf, which joins the leaf to a node of the st…
apical bud
A bud at the tip of a stem, where growth occurs to lengthen t…
node
A point along the stem of a plant at which leaves are attached.
16 terms
Leaves, roots and stems
Function of leaves
Photosynthesis in leaves
Leaf structure
Leaf gas exchange
1. Trap light energy for photosynthesis... 2. Producing sugar fr…
Wide to help catch more sunlight energy and thin to help get…
Leaves are designed to allow carbon dioxide to get to the mai…
Function of leaves
1. Trap light energy for photosynthesis... 2. Producing sugar fr…
Photosynthesis in leaves
9 terms
Roots,stems and leaves
Roots
Stems
Nodes
Internodes
Plamt organ that anchors a plant to the group,absorbs water a…
Carry substances between plant's roots and leaves.also provid…
Stems contains distict
Where leaves are attached
Roots
Plamt organ that anchors a plant to the group,absorbs water a…
Stems
Carry substances between plant's roots and leaves.also provid…
12 terms
"Roots, Stems, and Leaves" Vocabulary
photosynthesis
chlorophyll
xylem
phloem
A food making process in green plants that uses sunlight
A green chemical in plant cells that allows plants to use the…
The tissue through which water and minerals move up through a…
The tissue through which food from leaves moves down through…
photosynthesis
A food making process in green plants that uses sunlight
chlorophyll
A green chemical in plant cells that allows plants to use the…
10 terms
Roots, Stems, and Leaves
Roots
Vascular Tissue
Taproot
Fibrous Root
plant organ that anchors a plant to the ground, absorbs water…
the blood stream of the stem
single, thick structures with smaller branching roots
small, branching roots that grow from a central point
Roots
plant organ that anchors a plant to the ground, absorbs water…
Vascular Tissue
the blood stream of the stem
20 terms
Roots, Stems and Leaves 22.2
rootcap
cortex
endodermis
pericycle
the covering on the tip of a root
the layer below the epidermal layer of the root, made up of p…
a layer of cells on the inner boundary edge of the cortex of…
the layer of cells directly next to the endoderm toward the c…
rootcap
the covering on the tip of a root
cortex
the layer below the epidermal layer of the root, made up of p…
16 terms
Roots, Stems and Leaves
root cap
fibrous root
cortex
xylem
a layer of tough cells that protect the growing tip of the root
a large thick root with a few hairy branching roots
a layer just inside the epidermis
tissue through which water and minerals flow up through the p…
root cap
a layer of tough cells that protect the growing tip of the root
fibrous root
a large thick root with a few hairy branching roots
98 terms
Stems, Roots, and Leaves
body
shoot
root
stem
the part of a plant that consists of two parts, root and shoot
the above ground part of a plant that normally bears leaves,…
the below ground portion of a plant that functions in anchora…
the main above ground axis of a plant; consists of nodes, the…
body
the part of a plant that consists of two parts, root and shoot
shoot
the above ground part of a plant that normally bears leaves,…
44 terms
Botany Stems, Roots, and Leaves
monocot stem
dicot stem
monocot root
dicot root
what is this?
what is this?
what is this?
what is this?
monocot stem
what is this?
dicot stem
what is this?
15 terms
Root, Stem, and Leaves A
Meristematic tissue
Apical meristem
Epidermal cell
Cuticle
plant tissue found only in the tips of shoots and roots; resp…
group of undifferentiated cells that divide to produce increa…
Dermal tissue usually consists of a single layer of this type…
A waxy covering on the surface of stems and leaves that acts…
Meristematic tissue
plant tissue found only in the tips of shoots and roots; resp…
Apical meristem
group of undifferentiated cells that divide to produce increa…
46 terms
Leaves, Stems, and Roots
What are the three principal organs an…
What are the three main tissue systems…
What specialized cells make up vascula…
How does meristematic tissue differ fr…
Roots, stems, and leaves
Dermal tissue, vascular tissue, and ground tissue
It contains several types of specialized cells; Xylem consist…
It is the only plant tissue that produces new cells by mitosis
What are the three principal organs an…
Roots, stems, and leaves
What are the three main tissue systems…
Dermal tissue, vascular tissue, and ground tissue
22 terms
Science Stems, Leaves, and Roots
Epidermis
Root Hairs
Cortex
Phloem
The outside layer of the root. Protects the roots delicate in…
Increase the surface area of the root so it can absorb more w…
Where the root stores extra food
These tubes carry food to the leaves, roots, and stems
Epidermis
The outside layer of the root. Protects the roots delicate in…
Root Hairs
Increase the surface area of the root so it can absorb more w…
124 terms
Roots, stems, leaves, and gymnnosperms
root pressure
transpiration
water coheson
stomata
due to osmotic uptake by plants root
allows for h20 transport
...
a small opening in the undersurface of leaves
root pressure
due to osmotic uptake by plants root
transpiration
allows for h20 transport
8 terms
X. Roots, Stems, and Leaves
dermal tissue
vascular tissue
ground tissue
meristematic tissue
the protective outer covering of a plant
the tissue that supports the plant body and transports water…
tissue that produces and stores sugars and contributes to phy…
tissue made of unspecialized cells in which mitosis produces…
dermal tissue
the protective outer covering of a plant
vascular tissue
the tissue that supports the plant body and transports water…
37 terms
Roots, Stems, & Leaves
Organs
Dermal Tissue
Roots
Stems
Roots, Stems, & Leaves
Outer covering... Leaves: Waxy on both sides, more waxy on the t…
Extract water & nutrients
Support plant; produce leaves
Organs
Roots, Stems, & Leaves
Dermal Tissue
Outer covering... Leaves: Waxy on both sides, more waxy on the t…
Roots, stems, & leaves
: anchor the plant, absorb water and m…
: supports leaves
: carry on photosynthesis
Dermal: outer protective coating of or…
Root
Stem
Leaves
Major tissue of vegetative organs
: anchor the plant, absorb water and m…
Root
: supports leaves
Stem
12 terms
Plants -Roots, Stems, Leaves
meristem
root hair
xylem
phloem
growing part of the root
absorb water
in stem, carries water from roots to leaves
in stem, carries food from the leaves to the rest of the plant
meristem
growing part of the root
root hair
absorb water
15 terms
Roots, Stems, Leaves Quiz
Xylem
Phloem
woody stem
herbaceous stem
Vascular tissue that transports water
vascular tissue that transports food
hard and rigid
soft, green and flexible
Xylem
Vascular tissue that transports water
Phloem
vascular tissue that transports food
49 terms
Roots Stems & Leaves Bio
Sieve Tubes
Indusium
Cuticle
Lateral Meristem
a specialised type of elongated cell in the phloem tissue
a thin membrane covering the underside of the fern
a water-impervious protective layer covering the epidermal ce…
surround the established stem of a plant and cause it to grow…
Sieve Tubes
a specialised type of elongated cell in the phloem tissue
Indusium
a thin membrane covering the underside of the fern
18 terms
Science, roots, stems and leaves
root hairs
fibrous root system
simple leaf
roots
help a root absorb more water
many thin branched roots
leaf blades are in one piece
take in water and dissolved minerals
root hairs
help a root absorb more water
fibrous root system
many thin branched roots
15 terms
BIOLOGY: Roots, Stems, Leaves
water, inorganic nutrients
nitrogen, phosphate, potassium
anchors the plant, storage
monocot
2 things roots absorb
3 inorganic nutrients that roots absorb
2 functions of roots
Flower parts in multiple of three (3);... Stomata in parallel rows
water, inorganic nutrients
2 things roots absorb
nitrogen, phosphate, potassium
3 inorganic nutrients that roots absorb
8 terms
Stems, leaves or roots
leaves
stems
leaves
roots
they are different on each type of plant
some of these are hard and some are soft
they grow on stems and branches
they grow towards water in the ground
leaves
they are different on each type of plant
stems
some of these are hard and some are soft
30 terms
Leaves Stems and Roots (1)
Apical meristems produce something cal…
What are the three different types of…
What does an "entire" leaf margin look…
What does a "toothed" leaf margin look…
The auxin will not be in great enough concentration to inhibi…
1) Entire... 2) Toothed... 3) Lobed
Apical meristems produce something cal…
The auxin will not be in great enough concentration to inhibi…
What are the three different types of…
1) Entire... 2) Toothed... 3) Lobed
42 terms
Ch 23 Roots, Stems and Leaves
epidermal cell
vessel elements
sieve tube element
companion cell
cell that makes up the dermal tissue, which is the outer cove…
A specialized short, wide cell in angiosperms; arranged end t…
phloem cell that is joined end-to-end to similar cells to for…
A type of plant cell that is connected to a sieve-tube member…
epidermal cell
cell that makes up the dermal tissue, which is the outer cove…
vessel elements
A specialized short, wide cell in angiosperms; arranged end t…
16 terms
Roots, Stems, & Leaves
Monocot characteristics
Dicot Characteristics
Plant morphology
Major plant parts:
Single Cotyledon... Long Narrow leaf... parallel veins... vascular bun…
two cotyledon... broad leaf... network of veins... vascular bundles in…
the study of the physical characteristics of an organism
roots... stem... leaves... inflorescence... flower... fruit... seed
Monocot characteristics
Single Cotyledon... Long Narrow leaf... parallel veins... vascular bun…
Dicot Characteristics
two cotyledon... broad leaf... network of veins... vascular bundles in…
20 terms
Roots Stems or Leaves
root
stem
leaves
photosynthesis
(botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or lea…
a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fun…
photosynthetic organ that contains one or more bundles of vas…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
root
(botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or lea…
stem
a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fun…
84 terms
Roots, Stems, Leaves
Histology
Monocotyledonous
Dicotyledonous
Herbaceous
study of microscopic anatomy of cells and tissues of plants a…
class of plants characterized by a single cotyledon, parallel…
class of plants characterized by two cotyledons, webbed veins…
plants that have no woody stem above ground
Histology
study of microscopic anatomy of cells and tissues of plants a…
Monocotyledonous
class of plants characterized by a single cotyledon, parallel…
18 terms
Roots, Stems, and Leaves: Section 4
Root Functions
Two main types of root systems
Fibrous root characteristics
Taproot characteristics
Roots anchor a plant in the ground, absorb water and minerals…
Fibrous roots and taproot systems
Fibrous root systems consist of many similarly sized roots wh…
Taproot systems have one long and thick main root
Root Functions
Roots anchor a plant in the ground, absorb water and minerals…
Two main types of root systems
Fibrous roots and taproot systems
14 terms
Roots, Stems, and Leaves
The three main plant organs are
Protects the plant and prevents water…
Moves water and nutrients throughout t…
Moves water
roots, stem, and leaves
dermal tissue
vascular tissue
xylem
The three main plant organs are
roots, stem, and leaves
Protects the plant and prevents water…
dermal tissue
39 terms
Roots, Stems, and Leaves
Epidermal cell
Vessel element
Sieve tube element
Companion cell
Cell that makes up the dermal tissue, which is the outer cove…
In angiosperms, xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tu…
The main phloem cells that are arranged end to end, like vess…
Phloem cells that surround sieve tube elements.
Epidermal cell
Cell that makes up the dermal tissue, which is the outer cove…
Vessel element
In angiosperms, xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tu…
37 terms
Roots, stems, and leaves
Three organs of the plants
Three tissue systems of a plant
Dermal tissue
Vascular tissue
Roots, stems, leaves
Dermal tissue, vascular tissue, and ground tissue
outer covering of a plant; consists of a single layer of epid…
transports water and nutrients throughout the plant
Three organs of the plants
Roots, stems, leaves
Three tissue systems of a plant
Dermal tissue, vascular tissue, and ground tissue
26 terms
Stems, Roots and Leaves
After Bryophtes
Angiosperm root system
Root hairs
Getting water
Next plants to evolve were spore producing plants... Horsetails;…
Primary root (top root)... Branching lateral roots... Branching and…
Single epidermal cells... Over 50% of root surface area... Increase…
Apoplast pathway:... -between cells... -gradient driven... -cannot ext…
After Bryophtes
Next plants to evolve were spore producing plants... Horsetails;…
Angiosperm root system
Primary root (top root)... Branching lateral roots... Branching and…
31 terms
Roots stems and leaves
Petial
Nodes
Root hairs
Storage roots
Structure that actually joins a blade to the stem
Points on a stem where leaves are attached
Extension of a root epidermal cell that increase the surface…
Beets and carrots
Petial
Structure that actually joins a blade to the stem
Nodes
Points on a stem where leaves are attached
33 terms
Roots stems and leaves
Rootcap
Parenchyma cells
Collenchyma cells
Sclerenchyma cells
Covers the tip of the root
Most flexible, thin walked cells found throughout a plant; ca…
Plant cells that often are elongated and occur in long strand…
Plant cells that lack cytoplasm and other living components w…
Rootcap
Covers the tip of the root
Parenchyma cells
Most flexible, thin walked cells found throughout a plant; ca…
13 terms
roots stems and leaves
Roots
Stem
Leaves
Dermal Tissue
absorbs water,anchors plant to ground, holds soil in place to…
supports plant, includes vascular system that carries water a…
plants main photosynthetic system,contains structures that pr…
usually includes a single Layer of thin cells that are often…
Roots
absorbs water,anchors plant to ground, holds soil in place to…
Stem
supports plant, includes vascular system that carries water a…
11 terms
Roots, Stems and Leaves
vascular cylinder
Root hair
Root cap
meristem
xylem and phoelm that make the vascular cylinder. The vascula…
outgrows from the layer of cells in a root, it absorbs moistu…
Protects the growing tip of the plants
found at the growing tips of the roots, constantly dividing c…
vascular cylinder
xylem and phoelm that make the vascular cylinder. The vascula…
Root hair
outgrows from the layer of cells in a root, it absorbs moistu…
10 terms
Leaves, Stems, and Roots
Petiole
Midrib
Blade
Veins
Connects the leaf to the stem
Large center vein
Large flat part of the leaf
Structural framework of the leaf
Petiole
Connects the leaf to the stem
Midrib
Large center vein
38 terms
Roots, Stems and Leaves
Fibrous
Epiphyte
Absorption
Tap root
a root system composed of several seminal roots
a plant whose roots do not require contact with the soil
the process were dissolves minerals are transported into a pl…
when a root system forms a single primary root
Fibrous
a root system composed of several seminal roots
Epiphyte
a plant whose roots do not require contact with the soil
13 terms
Roots, Stems and Leaves
xylem
cortex
epidermis
root cap
Transports water and nutrients
Stores food
The outter layer of a root, stem or leaf (skin)
The protective layer of cells that covers the tip of a root a…
xylem
Transports water and nutrients
cortex
Stores food
46 terms
Stems, Roots, and Leaves
contrast primary and secondary growth
primary growth is carried out by
secondary growth is carried out by
meristems are
primary-grows up... secondary-grows out
apical meristem
vascular cambium
growth tissue
contrast primary and secondary growth
primary-grows up... secondary-grows out
primary growth is carried out by
apical meristem
6 terms
Leaves, Stem, and Roots
Absorb energy from sunlight and make t…
Transports water and food, and support…
Hold the plant in place and absorb wat…
Produce seeds so that the plant can re…
Leaves
Stem
Roots
Flower
Absorb energy from sunlight and make t…
Leaves
Transports water and food, and support…
Stem
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