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Study sets matching "rules evidence criminal justice"

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Study sets matching "rules evidence criminal justice"

54 terms
Rules of criminal evidence
like most constitutional democracies t…
Which of the following is most consist…
A major argument against the ratificat…
the primary significance of the Marbur…
respect individual rights, maintain public order
confidence in the police and prosecutors judgement
bill of rights
declared that it is duty of the judiciary to say what the law…
like most constitutional democracies t…
respect individual rights, maintain public order
Which of the following is most consist…
confidence in the police and prosecutors judgement
8 terms
Rules of criminal evidence
A law enforcement officer observes an…
Drug enforcement agents in Miami airpo…
Police must always execute which of fo…
A police officer informs a suspect tha…
A stop
A stop
Seize the suspect
The suspect was not formally under arrest
A law enforcement officer observes an…
A stop
Drug enforcement agents in Miami airpo…
A stop
38 terms
Criminal Justice and Rule of Law
Procedural Law
Actus Reus
Substantive Law
Administrative Law
Process followed for the application of the law.
An act or omission for a crime to be committed.
Law which defines what is illegal and punishment afforded.
Laws regulating agencies: FCC, FDA, IRS, etc.....
Procedural Law
Process followed for the application of the law.
Actus Reus
An act or omission for a crime to be committed.
29 terms
Criminal Justice Rules
Automobile Exception
Exclusionary Rule
Good Faith Exception
Purge Taint
Permits the warrantless search of an automobile if there's pr…
"All evidence obtained by searches and seizures in violation…
Evidence is not excluded if the officers are acting within re…
Statement provided from a suspect who was illegally arrested…
Automobile Exception
Permits the warrantless search of an automobile if there's pr…
Exclusionary Rule
"All evidence obtained by searches and seizures in violation…
19 terms
Criminal Justice and Rule of Law
legal responsibility
civil law
substantive criminal law
procedural criminal law
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
legal responsibility
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
civil law
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
17 terms
Criminal Justice Rulings
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
Dickson v U.S.(2000)
Argersinger vs Hamilton(1972)
Gideon v. Wainwright(1963)
decision that set guidelines for police questioning of accuse…
Supreme Court made clear that it supported the Miranda decisi…
The court held that whenever imprisonment could be imposed, a…
Decision that anyone accused of a felony where imprisonment m…
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
decision that set guidelines for police questioning of accuse…
Dickson v U.S.(2000)
Supreme Court made clear that it supported the Miranda decisi…
42 terms
Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Civil Law
Substantive Criminal Law
Procedural Criminal Law
Common Law
-law regulating the relationships between or among individual…
-law defining acts that are subject to punishment and specify…
-law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials…
-the anglo American system of uncodified law, in which judges…
Civil Law
-law regulating the relationships between or among individual…
Substantive Criminal Law
-law defining acts that are subject to punishment and specify…
36 terms
Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Mala in se
Mala prohibita
Legality
Actus Reus
natural laws
man made laws
law that defines specific action as a crime
bad thought alone is not a crime
Mala in se
natural laws
Mala prohibita
man made laws
19 terms
Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Bill of Rights
civil infractions
civil law
double jeopardy
The first 10 amendments added to the U.S. Constitution to pro…
Minor offenses that are typically punishable by small fines a…
Law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
The subjecting of a person to prosecution more than once in t…
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments added to the U.S. Constitution to pro…
civil infractions
Minor offenses that are typically punishable by small fines a…
24 terms
Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Intentionally
Knowingly
Wantonly
Recklessly
is a serious mental state- defedant "wants" to do whatever s/…
is a serious mental state because the defedant is aware of th…
is the most serious form of carelessness, defendant is aware…
is a less serious form of carelessness- a substanial and unju…
Intentionally
is a serious mental state- defedant "wants" to do whatever s/…
Knowingly
is a serious mental state because the defedant is aware of th…
15 terms
Criminal Justice System and Forensic Evidence
Evidence
Relevance
Probative
Forensic Evidence
Anything that furnishes or tends to furnish proof. it can sup…
Tendency of a given item of evidence to prove or disprove one…
Tendency to prove
Specifically from a forensic science, has to pass screening.
Evidence
Anything that furnishes or tends to furnish proof. it can sup…
Relevance
Tendency of a given item of evidence to prove or disprove one…
29 terms
Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
legal responsibility
civil law
substansive crimminal law
procedural criminial law
the accountability of an individual for a crime beccause of t…
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
law defining the procedures that crimminal justice officials…
legal responsibility
the accountability of an individual for a crime beccause of t…
civil law
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
19 terms
criminal justice and the rule of law
legal responsibility
civil law
substantive criminal law
procedural criminal law
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
legal responsibility
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
civil law
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
24 terms
Criminal Justice and The rule of Law
Substantive criminal law
procedural criminal law
precedent
Bill of rights important to the due pr…
elements of a crime ... defenses against criminal responsibility…
process of enforcing substantive law, procedural due process…
magna carta of England: ... any fundamental constitution or law…
4th, 5th, 6th, 8th & the 14th amendments
Substantive criminal law
elements of a crime ... defenses against criminal responsibility…
procedural criminal law
process of enforcing substantive law, procedural due process…
35 terms
Evidence Rules: Criminal or Civil
Rule 401
Rule 402
Rule 403
Rule 105
BOTH
BOTH
BOTH
BOTH
Rule 401
BOTH
Rule 402
BOTH
21 terms
Steps in Pursing Justice &Federal Rule for Evidence
Probable Cause
Arrest
Miranda Rights
Booking
A situation in which a reasonable and prudent person, viewing…
The officer tells that the person is under arrest for a specf…
The officer must read the suspect his or her miranda rights o…
A police procedure following arrest that records basic inform…
Probable Cause
A situation in which a reasonable and prudent person, viewing…
Arrest
The officer tells that the person is under arrest for a specf…
8 terms
criminal justice court case rulings
Miranda v. Arizona(1966)
Dickson v U.S.(2000)
McCleskey v. Kemp (1987)
Gideon v. Wainwright(1963)
Decision that set guidelines for police questioning of accuse…
Supreme Court made clear that it supported the Miranda decisi…
Court ruled imposition of the death penalty does not violate…
Decision that anyone accused of a felony where imprisonment m…
Miranda v. Arizona(1966)
Decision that set guidelines for police questioning of accuse…
Dickson v U.S.(2000)
Supreme Court made clear that it supported the Miranda decisi…
19 terms
Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law #3
Bill of Rights
Civil Infractions
Civil Law
Double Jeopardy
The first 10 amendments added to the U.S. Constitutions to pr…
Minor offenses that are typically punishable by small fines a…
Law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
The subjecting of a person to prosecution more than once in t…
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments added to the U.S. Constitutions to pr…
Civil Infractions
Minor offenses that are typically punishable by small fines a…
11 terms
Rule 609. Impeachment by Evidence of a Criminal Conviction
(a) In General
(b) Limit on Using the Evidence After…
(c) Effect of a Pardon, Annulment, or…
(d) Juvenile Adjudications
The following rules apply to attacking a witness's character…
. This subdivision (b) applies if more than 10 years have pas…
(1) the conviction has been the subject of a pardon, annulmen…
Evidence of a juvenile adjudication is admissible under this…
(a) In General
The following rules apply to attacking a witness's character…
(b) Limit on Using the Evidence After…
. This subdivision (b) applies if more than 10 years have pas…
61 terms
Chapter 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Legal Responsibility
Laws
Laws in Democracy
Civil Law
The accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
Tell people what they can/can't do, tell government officials…
Major tools for preventing government officials from seizing…
Law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
Legal Responsibility
The accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
Laws
Tell people what they can/can't do, tell government officials…
16 terms
Chapter 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
legal responsibility
civil law
substantive criminal law
procedural criminal law
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
legal responsibility
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
civil law
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
19 terms
Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law (Chapter 3)
Legal Responsibility
Civil Law
Substantive Criminal Law
Procedural Criminal Law
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
Legal Responsibility
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
Civil Law
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
36 terms
Criminal Justice Chapter 3 Criminal Justice and Rule of Law
Legal Responsibility
Civil Law
Substantive Criminal Law
Procedural Criminal Law
Accountability of an individual fora crimebecause of the perp…
Law Regulating relationships between or among individuals Inv…
Law defining crimes that are subject to punishment and define…
Law defining the procedures that officials must follow in enf…
Legal Responsibility
Accountability of an individual fora crimebecause of the perp…
Civil Law
Law Regulating relationships between or among individuals Inv…
42 terms
Chapter 4: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
What is contained in a state's penal c…
What is the purpose of procedural crim…
How does the common law shape criminal…
What are the forms of written law?
Penal codes contain substantive criminal law that defines cri…
Procedural criminal law specifies the defendant's rights and…
Based on English tradition, judges makes decisions relying on…
Constitutions, statutes, judicial decisions, and administrati…
What is contained in a state's penal c…
Penal codes contain substantive criminal law that defines cri…
What is the purpose of procedural crim…
Procedural criminal law specifies the defendant's rights and…
16 terms
Criminal Justice 101 - Ch. 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Legal Responsibility
Civil law
Substantive criminal law
Procedural criminal law
The accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
Law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
Law that defines acts that are subject to punishments and spe…
Law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
Legal Responsibility
The accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
Civil law
Law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
30 terms
Substantive criminal law; evidence rules and concepts
The florida evidence code is what chap…
Information that is allowed in court i…
Anything that tends to prove or dispro…
How many types of evidence are there?
90
Evidence
Evidence
2
The florida evidence code is what chap…
90
Information that is allowed in court i…
Evidence
34 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice: Chapter 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Criminal law focuses on the prosecutio…
Criminal law is divided into two parts…
Substantive Criminal Law
Procedural Criminal Law
Legislators
Substantive law and procedural law
Law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
Law defining the proceudures that criminal justice officials…
Criminal law focuses on the prosecutio…
Legislators
Criminal law is divided into two parts…
Substantive law and procedural law
18 terms
Chapter 3: Criminal justice and the rule of law
civil law
substantive vs procedural criminal law
penal code
burden of proof
law regulating relationships between individuals involving pr…
acts that are subject to punishment vs how state must process…
states what defines a crime
criminal- beyond reasonable doubt, the burden of proof lies w…
civil law
law regulating relationships between individuals involving pr…
substantive vs procedural criminal law
acts that are subject to punishment vs how state must process…
17 terms
Chapter 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Legal responsibility
Civil law
Substantive criminal law
Procedural criminal law
The accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
Law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
Law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
Law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
Legal responsibility
The accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
Civil law
Law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
19 terms
Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law: Chapter 3
Foundations of Criminal Law
Classifications of Substantive Crimina…
Elements of a Crime
Seven Principles of Criminal Law
- Civil Law: regulating the relationship between or among ind…
- Felonies: serious crimes usually carrying a penalty of deat…
The act... The attendant circumstances... The state of mind or inte…
- Legality... Must be a law that defines the specific action as…
Foundations of Criminal Law
- Civil Law: regulating the relationship between or among ind…
Classifications of Substantive Crimina…
- Felonies: serious crimes usually carrying a penalty of deat…
27 terms
Chapter 4: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
legal responsibility
civil law
substantive criminal law
procedural criminal law
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
law regulating the relatioships between or among individuals,…
law defining acts that are subject to punishment and specifyi…
law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
legal responsibility
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
civil law
law regulating the relatioships between or among individuals,…
25 terms
Chapter 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Legal responsibility
Civil law
Substantive criminal law
Procedural criminal law
The accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
Law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
Law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
Law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
Legal responsibility
The accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
Civil law
Law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
16 terms
Chapter 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
legal responsibility
civil law
substantive criminal law
procedural criminal law
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
legal responsibility
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
civil law
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
17 terms
Chapter 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Legal responsibility
Civil law
Substantive criminal law
Procedural criminal law
The accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
Law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
Law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
Law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
Legal responsibility
The accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
Civil law
Law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
12 terms
Ch. 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Name the two categories of criminal law.
As opposed to criminal law, this categ…
What is contained in a state's penal c…
What is substantive criminal law?
- Substantive criminal law... - Procedural criminal law
Civil law
Substantive criminal law that defines crimes and the punishme…
Law that defines actions that the government can punish and s…
Name the two categories of criminal law.
- Substantive criminal law... - Procedural criminal law
As opposed to criminal law, this categ…
Civil law
36 terms
C&J TEST criminal justice and rules of law
civil law
substantive criminal law
procedural criminal law
felonies
laws regarding the relationships between or among individuals…
defines acts that the government can punish and defines the p…
law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
punishment can be incarceration for year or more in prison
civil law
laws regarding the relationships between or among individuals…
substantive criminal law
defines acts that the government can punish and defines the p…
19 terms
Chapter 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
legal responsibility
civil law
substantive criminal law
procedural criminal law
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
legal responsibility
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
civil law
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
27 terms
Ch. 4 Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Law
criminal law
civil law
substantive criminal law
what we can/can't do
violation against security
how you might treat someone else in a business
laws written by congress that tell society what we can/can't…
Law
what we can/can't do
criminal law
violation against security
25 terms
Chapter 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Foundations of Criminal Law (3)
Civil Law (examples)
Substantive Criminal Law
Ex Post Facto Law... (Substantive Crimina…
-Civil Law... -Substantive Criminal Law... -Procedural Criminal Law
-getting sued... -money instead of imprisonment... -private (state…
Outlines what the laws are.... 1) felonies ... 2) misdemeanors ... 3)…
states that you cannot be charged with a crime if you did som…
Foundations of Criminal Law (3)
-Civil Law... -Substantive Criminal Law... -Procedural Criminal Law
Civil Law (examples)
-getting sued... -money instead of imprisonment... -private (state…
47 terms
Chapter 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
legal responsibility
civil law
substantive criminal law
procedural criminal law
The accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
Law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
Law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
Law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
legal responsibility
The accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
civil law
Law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
8 terms
Chapter 4: Criminal Justice and Rule of Law
Civil Law
Substantive Criminal Law
Procedural Criminal Law
*Sumerian Law (3100 B.C.)... *Code of Ham…
foundation of criminal law that regulates the relationships b…
foundation of criminal law that defines acts that the governm…
a law that is also a foundation of criminal law that defines…
sources of criminal law
Civil Law
foundation of criminal law that regulates the relationships b…
Substantive Criminal Law
foundation of criminal law that defines acts that the governm…
36 terms
Criminal Justice Ch. 9: Police and The Rule of Law
Search
Open Field
Curtilage
Arrest
Gov't actor's infringemnt on person's reasonable expectation…
any unoccupied or undeveloped real property outside the curti…
grounds or fields attached to a house; i.e. fenced in areas o…
occurs when a police officer has probable cause, deprives the…
Search
Gov't actor's infringemnt on person's reasonable expectation…
Open Field
any unoccupied or undeveloped real property outside the curti…
Criminal Justice Chapter 8 - Police and the Rule of Law
Arrest
Arrest Warrant
Booking
Bus Sweep
Occurs when a police officer takes a person into custody or d…
An order, issued by a judge, directing officers to arrest a p…
The administrative record of an arrest listing the offender's…
Police investigation technique in which officers board a bus…
Arrest
Occurs when a police officer takes a person into custody or d…
Arrest Warrant
An order, issued by a judge, directing officers to arrest a p…
19 terms
CJ-Chapter 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
legal responsibility
civil law
substantive criminal law
procedural criminal law
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
legal responsibility
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
civil law
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
17 terms
Chapter 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Legal responsibility
Civil law
Substantive criminal law
Procedural criminal law
The accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
Law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
Law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
Law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
Legal responsibility
The accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
Civil law
Law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
16 terms
Chapter 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
legal responsibility
civil law
substantive criminal law
procedural criminal law
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
legal responsibility
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
civil law
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
18 terms
CRJ Chapter 4: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Civil law
Criminal law
Substantive criminal law
Penal code
relationships among individuals - property, contract, busines…
the government's power to punish people for damages they have…
defines acts that are subject to punishment and specifies the…
Substantive criminal law answers "What is illegal?"
Civil law
relationships among individuals - property, contract, busines…
Criminal law
the government's power to punish people for damages they have…
C3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
legal responsibility (KT)
civil law (KT)
substantive criminal law (KT)
procedural criminal law (KT)
accountability of an individual for a crime b/c the perpetrat…
-governs business deals, contracts, real estate, and the like…
law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
law defining the procedures that criminal justice officials m…
legal responsibility (KT)
accountability of an individual for a crime b/c the perpetrat…
civil law (KT)
-governs business deals, contracts, real estate, and the like…
8 terms
Chapter 3 Criminal Justice and the Rule of the Law-
what is contained in a state's penal c…
purpose of criminal law
seven principles of criminal law
what are the defenses in substantive c…
substantive criminal law that defines crimes and also punishm…
specifies defendant's rights and tells justice system officia…
legality, actus reus, causation, harm, concurrence, mens rea,…
self defense, necessity, duress, entrapment, infancy, mistake…
what is contained in a state's penal c…
substantive criminal law that defines crimes and also punishm…
purpose of criminal law
specifies defendant's rights and tells justice system officia…
22 terms
Criminal Investigation - Basic Perspectives (Chapter 3 - Rules of Evidence)
Relevant
The connection between a fact offered…
1. If must be relevant.... 2. It must be…
The Fourth Amendment
No evidence is admissible in a court of law unless it is ____…
What is evidence relevance?
What are the three criteria of evidence?
Which US Amendment provides protection against unreasonable s…
Relevant
No evidence is admissible in a court of law unless it is ____…
The connection between a fact offered…
What is evidence relevance?
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