Study sets matching "rural soc"

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Study sets matching "rural soc"

55 terms
Rural Sociology
pluralism (no dominant source of power)
elitism
Gemeinschaft
solidarity
power is dispersed among many competing groups which act to l…
permanent minority controls community governance. The majorit…
groupings based on feeling of togetherness. Group is sustaine…
produces clear rules clear sanctions and a high degree of con…
pluralism (no dominant source of power)
power is dispersed among many competing groups which act to l…
elitism
permanent minority controls community governance. The majorit…
243 terms
Rural Sociology
What is social behavior?
What does behavior require?
What two functions does society perform?
Some behaviors are ________ across all…
Repeated, Patterned, and Structured behavior
Symbols or a representation of things
1) It frees us up to specialize and do things we could not do…
universal
What is social behavior?
Repeated, Patterned, and Structured behavior
What does behavior require?
Symbols or a representation of things
85 terms
Rural Sociology
Formal Organizations
Primary groups
Example of primary groups
Secondary groups
Coordinating mechanisms created to achieve a planned outcome.…
Fuses members into common whole. Brings people together under…
families, military units, and groups of friends
Impersonal associations among people who interact with a spec…
Formal Organizations
Coordinating mechanisms created to achieve a planned outcome.…
Primary groups
Fuses members into common whole. Brings people together under…
41 terms
Rural Sociology exam 2
What emotion is socially acceptable fo…
Socialization
Internalization
Why is social contact important
Anger
the ongoing process by which we develop our sense of self and…
the process by which we learn about ourselves and the world
We wouldn't learn social skills without contact
What emotion is socially acceptable fo…
Anger
Socialization
the ongoing process by which we develop our sense of self and…
Rural Sociology Lesson One
fewer risks
economics
giving food aid
25%
preston predicts that increasing commercial sponsorship of ro…
Shanin suggests that, as a sociologist, he is better able to…
Which assistance strategy, according to Shanin, is likely to…
Shanin believes that the modern formal economy requires what…
fewer risks
preston predicts that increasing commercial sponsorship of ro…
economics
Shanin suggests that, as a sociologist, he is better able to…
40 terms
Rural Sociology sec. 1
what is sociology?
structure
Agency
social forces
Scientific study of human activity in society that we use to…
The framework of something
how you can act within the framework or boundaries of things.
anything that humans create, take in. or use that influences…
what is sociology?
Scientific study of human activity in society that we use to…
structure
The framework of something
38 terms
Rural Sociology
Two Functions of Society
Normal / Deviant Behavior
Sociology is ----
Society
1) Frees us up to specialize... 2) It constrains our behavior
Normal - Conforming to social norms... Deviant - Not conforming…
Scientific study of social/patterned behavior... or... Study of p…
People who share a common culture
Two Functions of Society
1) Frees us up to specialize... 2) It constrains our behavior
Normal / Deviant Behavior
Normal - Conforming to social norms... Deviant - Not conforming…
Rural Sociology
Sociology
Structural-Functional Paradigm
Social-conflict paradigm
Symbolic-interaction paradigm
is the systematic study of human society
sees society as a complex system whose parts work together
sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflic…
sees society as the product of the everyday interactions of i…
Sociology
is the systematic study of human society
Structural-Functional Paradigm
sees society as a complex system whose parts work together
95 terms
Rural Sociology
C. W. Mills
Urbanization
People who live in rural area, people…
1910-1919
Came up with sociological imagination
Big change #1
15%, 1-2%
Decade where US became primarily urban
C. W. Mills
Came up with sociological imagination
Urbanization
Big change #1
Rural Sociology
What is sociology?
What does sociology deal with?
Structure vs. Agency
Social Forces
a system or set of practices that can be used to analyze soci…
theory/practice and your perspective
structure- "the framework" that guides actions (classroom)... ag…
anything humans create or use that influences people to respo…
What is sociology?
a system or set of practices that can be used to analyze soci…
What does sociology deal with?
theory/practice and your perspective
Rural Sociology
What is sociology?
What does sociology deal with?
Structure vs. Agency
Social Forces
a system or set of practices that can be used to analyze soci…
theory/practice and your perspective
structure- "the framework" that guides actions (classroom)... ag…
anything humans create or use that influences people to respo…
What is sociology?
a system or set of practices that can be used to analyze soci…
What does sociology deal with?
theory/practice and your perspective
Rural Sociology
Wilkenson's 3 Elements of Community
Assets
Capital
7 Community Assets
Place, Social Organizations, Social Interactions on Common In…
gifts, skills, recourses and capacities of individuals or ins…
interchangeable with "assets"
physical, political, cultural,human,environmental, financial,…
Wilkenson's 3 Elements of Community
Place, Social Organizations, Social Interactions on Common In…
Assets
gifts, skills, recourses and capacities of individuals or ins…
Rural Sociology
What is science?
Differences between natural and social…
Objectivity
Positivitism
A logical system that develops knowledge from direct systemat…
The basis of natural sciences is experimental data. The basis…
The ability to be objective in your manner and way of looking…
A scientific movement in sociology which uses "empirical evid…
What is science?
A logical system that develops knowledge from direct systemat…
Differences between natural and social…
The basis of natural sciences is experimental data. The basis…
57 terms
Rural Sociology
structure
agency
what is sociology?
social forces
pattern arrangement that influences the choices we make
extent to which you can act within the structure
the scientific study of human activity in society; a system o…
anything humans create, use, take notice of that influence, p…
structure
pattern arrangement that influences the choices we make
agency
extent to which you can act within the structure
Rural sociology
What is rural?
What are the different approaches to d…
The location or "place" approach to de…
The social constructivist approach to…
The meaning of rural is somewhat ambiguous. There is always d…
-the location or "place" approach... -the social constructivist…
A socio-geographic place distinguished by certain attributes.…
Instead of using attributes to define rural like the location…
What is rural?
The meaning of rural is somewhat ambiguous. There is always d…
What are the different approaches to d…
-the location or "place" approach... -the social constructivist…
6 terms
Rural Sociology
From The Mask You Live In-what is the…
Socialization
Internalization
Social Contact-Why is it important? Wh…
Anger
The ongoing process by which we develop our sense of self and…
The process by which people take in the values and norms that…
Social contact is important because strong social ties are li…
From The Mask You Live In-what is the…
Anger
Socialization
The ongoing process by which we develop our sense of self and…
66 terms
Rural Sociology
innovation
discovery, inventions, diffusion
diffusion of innovation
social change
an idea practice or an object that is perceived as new by an…
innovations can be developed by
a process by which an innovation is communicated through cert…
significant alteration of coal structure and culture through…
innovation
an idea practice or an object that is perceived as new by an…
discovery, inventions, diffusion
innovations can be developed by
39 terms
Rural sociology
Sociology
Structure
Agency
Social forces
Studt if how humans function and socialize
Rules govern actions
Free will
Drives and motives
Sociology
Studt if how humans function and socialize
Structure
Rules govern actions
RURAL SOCIOLOGY MID TERM
Material Culture
Material Culture
Individualistic Explanation
Sociological Imagination
Physical artifacts and objects that shape or reflect the live…
What are these examples of: distinctive clothing, inventions,…
Tendency to attribute people's achievements and failures to t…
The ability to see the impact of social forces on our private…
Material Culture
Physical artifacts and objects that shape or reflect the live…
Material Culture
What are these examples of: distinctive clothing, inventions,…
Lesson Four Rural Sociology
Process of Socialization
identity
Nature
Nurture
How we learn what's expected of us in our families, our commu…
our most essential and personal characteristic, that consists…
We are who we are b/c we were born that way
We are who we are b/c we grew up that way
Process of Socialization
How we learn what's expected of us in our families, our commu…
identity
our most essential and personal characteristic, that consists…
Rural Sociology Exam 1
what is sociology?
structure
agency
social forces
a system or a set of practices that can be used to analyze so…
recurrent patterned arrangements which influence or limit the…
ability to make own free choices
anything humans create, take notice of, or use that influence…
what is sociology?
a system or a set of practices that can be used to analyze so…
structure
recurrent patterned arrangements which influence or limit the…
Rural Sociology Exam 1
anticipatory socialization
content analysis
culture
counterculture
processes of socialization in which a person "rehearses" for…
the systematic coding and objective recording of data, guided…
everything humans create in establishing our relationships to…
a subculture that deliberately opposes certain aspects of the…
anticipatory socialization
processes of socialization in which a person "rehearses" for…
content analysis
the systematic coding and objective recording of data, guided…
21 terms
Rural Sociology Exam 1 (Sims)
What is sociology? What does it deal w…
Structure
Agency
Social Forces
Scientific study of human activity in a society. Social force…
Patterned arrangements that influence the choices we make
The extent to which you can act in a structure
Anything people create, observe, or use that influence, press…
What is sociology? What does it deal w…
Scientific study of human activity in a society. Social force…
Structure
Patterned arrangements that influence the choices we make
35 terms
Rural Sociology Chapter 2
Function
Social order
Manifest functions
Latent functions
The contribution a part of society makes to an existing socia…
Refers to the way people have organized interaction and other…
Intended or anticipated effects that a part has on the existi…
Unintended or unanticipated effects that a part has on the ex…
Function
The contribution a part of society makes to an existing socia…
Social order
Refers to the way people have organized interaction and other…
Rural Sociology: Exam 1
What is Sociology?
Structure vs Agency
Social Forces
Social Facts
The study of human activity in society. It deals with social…
Structure is the pattern of arrangements (framework) that inf…
Anything human create that influences people to behave in cer…
Ideas, feelings and ways of behaving that are able to exist o…
What is Sociology?
The study of human activity in society. It deals with social…
Structure vs Agency
Structure is the pattern of arrangements (framework) that inf…
52 terms
Rural Sociology (Midterm 1)
What is Rural?
Newer definition
Older definition
Rural is any place that has _______ th…
It is geographical
counties classified as metropolitan, suburban, micropolitan,…
Places classified as rural or urban based on population size
Less than; not next to... This is the older definition
What is Rural?
It is geographical
Newer definition
counties classified as metropolitan, suburban, micropolitan,…
23 terms
Rural Sociology Chapter 1
Globalization
Glocalization
Sociology
Social forces
Ever-increasing flow of goods, services, money, people,techno…
Process by which a locality embraces, adapts to, or resists a…
Scientific study of human activity in society
Anything human's create or take notice of that influences or…
Globalization
Ever-increasing flow of goods, services, money, people,techno…
Glocalization
Process by which a locality embraces, adapts to, or resists a…
138 terms
Rural Sociology Exam 1
What are the three steps of critical t…
Sociological Imagination
What are primary group relationships?
What are secondary group relationships?
1) never give up on your values and beliefs unless you yourse…
the ability to see the relationships between individual behav…
Siblings, long term relationships that will keep in touch with
Professor to student, short term relationships
What are the three steps of critical t…
1) never give up on your values and beliefs unless you yourse…
Sociological Imagination
the ability to see the relationships between individual behav…
Rural Sociology Exam 3
Formal Organizations
Primary groups
Secondary groups
3 types of formal organizations
coordinating mechanisms that bring together people, resources…
Interpersonal connections that fuses members into a common wh…
Impersonal associations among people who interact with a spec…
Voluntary Organizations... coercive organizations... utilitarian…
Formal Organizations
coordinating mechanisms that bring together people, resources…
Primary groups
Interpersonal connections that fuses members into a common wh…
Rural Sociology Final
Natural science
Social science
Objectivity
Concepts
study of the actual objects
study non-actual objects
Yes, stepping back
A mental construct that represents the world in a simplified…
Natural science
study of the actual objects
Social science
study non-actual objects
Rural Sociology Exam 2
socialization
internalization
Why is social contact important
What happens when we isolate childrern
process by which we develop our sense of self and learn the w…
process by which people take in values and norms that the age…
close contact with others is critical to our development- str…
they become animalistic
socialization
process by which we develop our sense of self and learn the w…
internalization
process by which people take in values and norms that the age…
52 terms
Rural Sociology Exam 3
Formal Organizations
Primary groups
Secondary groups
3 types of formal organizations
coordinating mechanisms that bring together people, resources…
Interpersonal connections that fuses members into a common wh…
Impersonal associations among people who interact with a spec…
Voluntary Organizations... coercive organizations... utilitarian…
Formal Organizations
coordinating mechanisms that bring together people, resources…
Primary groups
Interpersonal connections that fuses members into a common wh…
35 terms
Rural Sociology Final Exam
Formal Organizations
Primary Groups
Secondary Groups
Three Types of Formal Organizations- d…
Coordinated mechanisms created to achieve a planned outcome (…
Fuses members together into a common whole, Characterized by…
IMPERSONAL ASSOCIATIONS among people who interact with a spec…
1. Voluntary- groups who give time, talent., or treasure for…
Formal Organizations
Coordinated mechanisms created to achieve a planned outcome (…
Primary Groups
Fuses members together into a common whole, Characterized by…
Rural Sociology final exam
Formal organizations
Primary groups- what are they? Examples
Secondary groups- what are they? examp…
Bureaucracies- what are they? Examples
coordinating mechanisms created to achieve a planned out income
Fuses members into a common whole - characterized by face-to-…
Impersonal associations among people who interact with a spec…
Organizational structures that strive to use the most efficie…
Formal organizations
coordinating mechanisms created to achieve a planned out income
Primary groups- what are they? Examples
Fuses members into a common whole - characterized by face-to-…
120 terms
Rural Sociology Final - Terms
Stratification
Slavery
Caste system
Estate system
The ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequ…
One of the most persistent forms of stratification in the wor…
Stratification system based on heredity, with little movement…
Also known as feudal system; develops when high-status groups…
Stratification
The ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequ…
Slavery
One of the most persistent forms of stratification in the wor…
Rural sociology second installment
adolescence
status
attitude
behavior
-time of rapid change in status... -barely existed in pre-indust…
position in society, with set of roles to play
opinion, feeling, tendency toward behavior
action, body, and verbale tendency toward attitude
adolescence
-time of rapid change in status... -barely existed in pre-indust…
status
position in society, with set of roles to play
60 terms
Rural Sociology Review 2
socialization
Internalization
Primary Socialization
Secondary Socialization
the ongoing process by which we develop our sense of self and…
the process by which people take in the values and norms that…
Involves language, stimulus responses and basic rules for beh…
involves reasoning and logic, reading and writing, and proble…
socialization
the ongoing process by which we develop our sense of self and…
Internalization
the process by which people take in the values and norms that…
Rural Sociology Seventh installment
Religion Vs. Magic
3 elements of religion
3 functions of religion
catholic
-both demand faith on things we cant see... - religion is more c…
1. beliefe... 2. practice... 3. moral community who share same beli…
1.meaning/purpose/comfort... 2. right vs. wrong... 3. socialization…
largest... all social classes
Religion Vs. Magic
-both demand faith on things we cant see... - religion is more c…
3 elements of religion
1. beliefe... 2. practice... 3. moral community who share same beli…
Rural sociology third installment
new definition of urban
old definition of urban
New definition of rural
old defintion of rural
counties classified as: ... metropolitan... suburban... micropolitan... n…
larger than 2,500 people or next to place larger than 2,500 p…
any place at least 45 minutes from enclosed shopping mall
less than 2,500 people and next to places of 2,500 or less
new definition of urban
counties classified as: ... metropolitan... suburban... micropolitan... n…
old definition of urban
larger than 2,500 people or next to place larger than 2,500 p…
Rural sociology sixth installment
status
ascribed status
achieved status
social class
location in society
assigned to you by society... -age, gender, race, family class
you earn/achieve/have power to change it
based on economics... 1.income... 2.education... 3.occupation
status
location in society
ascribed status
assigned to you by society... -age, gender, race, family class
rural sociology Fifth installment
socialization:... Family
socialization:... school
socialization:... friends/peers
socialization:... media/tech
important for establishing gender roles and educational aspir…
first experiences with bureaucracy, peers, groups
development of "me" and "I"
indepedent beliefs of politics... multitasking
socialization:... Family
important for establishing gender roles and educational aspir…
socialization:... school
first experiences with bureaucracy, peers, groups
70 terms
Rural communities Sociology
Film King Corn - What do the producers…
Film Bracero Program
Film Life and Debt
• Wendell Berry ... People (be able to li…
...
...
...
"A defense of the family farm"... Born 1934, son of Kentucky far…
Film King Corn - What do the producers…
...
Film Bracero Program
...
Rural Sociology Fourth installment
Culture
what game is culture like
culture is...
3 elements of culture
set of interrelated beliefs, values, norms shared by society
pick up stix... ramen noodles
1.material/nonmaterial... 2.shared/transmitted... 3. internalized... 4…
1. norm... 2. belief... 3. values
Culture
set of interrelated beliefs, values, norms shared by society
what game is culture like
pick up stix... ramen noodles
Rural sociology first installment
Theme of RS 1500
Social behavior
2 major functions of a society
When is behavior normal? Deviant? Puni…
-every society going from: rural-local-agragarian... -urban/indu…
repeated behavior=... structures... patterned... need structure to avo…
1. frees us up to socialize; free time... 2.constrains behavior-…
based on environmental cues; specific to each society and sit…
Theme of RS 1500
-every society going from: rural-local-agragarian... -urban/indu…
Social behavior
repeated behavior=... structures... patterned... need structure to avo…
48 terms
exam #2 (rural sociology)
conformity
crime
robbery
larceny
act of going along with peers/ individuals of our own status…
deviance that breaks the law (it requires the institution of…
theft by force (weapons, fists, etc) or threat of force
theft/ stealing (do not have to break in to do so)
conformity
act of going along with peers/ individuals of our own status…
crime
deviance that breaks the law (it requires the institution of…
58 terms
Rural Sociology Fourth Installment
What is theory?
What is good theory?
What is sociological theory?
Sociological theory (1) What is symbol…
Theory is a view or perspective about how something works.…
Theories should be more than speculation, should be testable-…
In sociology, theory is a view about how societies work/ oper…
Symbolic interactionism starting assumption- people use symbo…
What is theory?
Theory is a view or perspective about how something works.…
What is good theory?
Theories should be more than speculation, should be testable-…
24 terms
Rural Sociology Exam #2
A person being willing to eat horse me…
We are most likely to recognize a norm…
Our behavior and traits as described b…
Kingsley Davis described Anna as havin…
norms are situational
it is broken
personality
social contact
A person being willing to eat horse me…
norms are situational
We are most likely to recognize a norm…
it is broken
15 terms
Rural Sociology Fifth Installment
What is Culture?
Culture and Society is...
What is a cultural statements?
What is the first element of culture?
A set of interrelated beliefs, values and norms shared by mem…
1) shared and transmitted... 2) we internalize... 3) integrative (l…
Cultural statements- culture (non-material side) makes statem…
A norm is a cultural statement of expected behavior (like a b…
What is Culture?
A set of interrelated beliefs, values and norms shared by mem…
Culture and Society is...
1) shared and transmitted... 2) we internalize... 3) integrative (l…
Rural Sociology Ninth installment
What is agriculture/food related to?
Farm
Number of farms declined over decades
number of people fed by an american fa…
-religous values/practices... -cultural identity... -social class... -…
any place where $1,000 or more is produced... includes nursery p…
1920= 6.4 million ... 2012= 2.17 million... **farm size increase
1940= 19... today= >144
What is agriculture/food related to?
-religous values/practices... -cultural identity... -social class... -…
Farm
any place where $1,000 or more is produced... includes nursery p…
19 terms
Rural Sociology Tenth Installment
Agriculture/food are related to....
What defines a farm?
Sociology of Agriculture and Food Patt…
Sociology of Agriculture and Food Patt…
Religious values/practices, cultural identity, social class,…
Farm: any place from which $1000 or more of agricultural prod…
1) Number of farms has declined consistently over the decades…
Estimated number of people fed by an American farmer ... From 1…
Agriculture/food are related to....
Religious values/practices, cultural identity, social class,…
What defines a farm?
Farm: any place from which $1000 or more of agricultural prod…
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