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Study sets matching "sat biology subject test systems"

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Study sets matching "sat biology subject test systems"

327 terms
SAT Subject Test: Biology
photosynthesis
epidermis
cuticle
function of cuticle
use of light to make carbohydrates through intake of CO2 and…
outer cell layer of leaf that protects tissues
layer of wax on epidermis
-protects leave from attackers... -keeps water from escaping
photosynthesis
use of light to make carbohydrates through intake of CO2 and…
epidermis
outer cell layer of leaf that protects tissues
26 terms
The Human Immune System - SAT Biology Subject Test
Antibodies
Antigen
Apoptosis
Histamine
Immunoglobins. Part of the third line of defense, the specifi…
anything that triggers an antibody response
programmed cell death
important chemical in the immune system that triggers vasodil…
Antibodies
Immunoglobins. Part of the third line of defense, the specifi…
Antigen
anything that triggers an antibody response
184 terms
Biology SAT Subject Test
acetylcholine
actin
adaptive radiation
allelic frequency
A neurotransmitter released by neurons to excite an action po…
Protein filaments that, along with myosin, allow muscles to c…
The evolutionary process by which ancestral forms of an organ…
The frequency with which a particular allele for a certain ch…
acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter released by neurons to excite an action po…
actin
Protein filaments that, along with myosin, allow muscles to c…
1,171 terms
Biology SAT Subject Test
spinal cord
cerebrum
cerebellum
medulla (Brain Stem)
part of the central nervous system; primarily involved in pri…
Part of the Central Nervous System(specifically the Brain), t…
CNS specifically the Brain) which coordinates muscle movement…
CNS (specifically the Brain) responsible for involuntary thin…
spinal cord
part of the central nervous system; primarily involved in pri…
cerebrum
Part of the Central Nervous System(specifically the Brain), t…
415 terms
SAT Subject Test- Biology
Isotope
Radioisotopes
Tracer
Energy is released
Atoms of one element that vary only in the number of neutrons…
Radioactive isotopes, like Carbon-14
Used to track metabolic pathways.
When a bond is formed _______ __ ________________
Isotope
Atoms of one element that vary only in the number of neutrons…
Radioisotopes
Radioactive isotopes, like Carbon-14
184 terms
Biology SAT Subject Test :)
acetylcholine
actin
adaptive radiation
allelic frequency
A neurotransmitter released by neurons to excite an action po…
Protein filaments that, along with myosin, allow muscles to c…
The evolutionary process by which ancestral forms of an organ…
The frequency with which a particular allele for a certain ch…
acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter released by neurons to excite an action po…
actin
Protein filaments that, along with myosin, allow muscles to c…
478 terms
SAT Subject Test Biology
homologous structure
analogous structure
vestigial structure
natural selection
similar structure, different function, ... evolved from common a…
similar function, different structure,... evolved from different…
doesn't seem to have a purpose now because it may no longer s…
traits become more or less common depending on reproductive s…
homologous structure
similar structure, different function, ... evolved from common a…
analogous structure
similar function, different structure,... evolved from different…
14 terms
SAT Subject Test Biology The Human Immune System
pathogens
nonspecific defense
histamine
phagocytes
organisms that cause disease
first line: barrier that helps prevent pathogens from enterin…
triggers enlargement of blood vessels which increases the blo…
gobble up invading microbes
pathogens
organisms that cause disease
nonspecific defense
first line: barrier that helps prevent pathogens from enterin…
200 terms
SAT Subject Test - Biology
hydrogen bonding
buffers
buffers
bicarbonate ion
causes water molecules to stick together; responsible for man…
biological systems regulate their pH through the presence of?
substances that resist change in pH
the most important buffer in human blood
hydrogen bonding
causes water molecules to stick together; responsible for man…
buffers
biological systems regulate their pH through the presence of?
327 terms
SAT Subject Test: Biology
photosynthesis
epidermis
cuticle
function of cuticle
use of light to make carbohydrates through intake of CO2 and…
outer cell layer of leaf that protects tissues
layer of wax on epidermis
-protects leave from attackers... -keeps water from escaping
photosynthesis
use of light to make carbohydrates through intake of CO2 and…
epidermis
outer cell layer of leaf that protects tissues
1,171 terms
Biology SAT Subject Test
spinal cord
cerebrum
cerebellum
medulla (Brain Stem)
part of the central nervous system; primarily involved in pri…
Part of the Central Nervous System(specifically the Brain), t…
CNS specifically the Brain) which coordinates muscle movement…
CNS (specifically the Brain) responsible for involuntary thin…
spinal cord
part of the central nervous system; primarily involved in pri…
cerebrum
Part of the Central Nervous System(specifically the Brain), t…
20 terms
sat biology subject test hormones of the endocrine system
Growth Hormone (GH)
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Released by the anterior pituitary. Stimulates growth of bones.
Released by the anterior pituitary. Stimulates ovaries and te…
Released by the anterior pituitary. Stimulates thyroid gland.
Released by the anterior pituitary. Stimulates adrenal cortex…
Growth Hormone (GH)
Released by the anterior pituitary. Stimulates growth of bones.
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Released by the anterior pituitary. Stimulates ovaries and te…
327 terms
SAT Subject Test: Biology
photosynthesis
epidermis
cuticle
function of cuticle
use of light to make carbohydrates through intake of CO2 and…
outer cell layer of leaf that protects tissues
layer of wax on epidermis
-protects leave from attackers... -keeps water from escaping
photosynthesis
use of light to make carbohydrates through intake of CO2 and…
epidermis
outer cell layer of leaf that protects tissues
511 terms
BIOLOGY SAT SUBJECT TEST VOCABULARY
abiotic
absorption
acetylcholine
active immunity
nonliving, as in the physical environment
the process by which water and dissolved substances pass thro…
a transmitter substance released from the axons of nerve cell…
protective immunity to a disease in which the individual prod…
abiotic
nonliving, as in the physical environment
absorption
the process by which water and dissolved substances pass thro…
33 terms
SAT Subject Test Biology E/M: Motor Systems
ciliates and flagellates
cilia, flagella, pseudopodia
microtubules, protein motors
hydrostatic skeleton
unicellular organisms that do not have discrete skeletal-musc…
Protozoans and primitive algae move by the beating of _______…
Eukaryotic cilia and flagella structure are different from pr…
structure found in many soft-bodied animals consisting of a f…
ciliates and flagellates
unicellular organisms that do not have discrete skeletal-musc…
cilia, flagella, pseudopodia
Protozoans and primitive algae move by the beating of _______…
1,171 terms
Biology SAT Subject Test
spinal cord
cerebrum
cerebellum
medulla (Brain Stem)
part of the central nervous system; primarily involved in pri…
Part of the Central Nervous System(specifically the Brain), t…
CNS specifically the Brain) which coordinates muscle movement…
CNS (specifically the Brain) responsible for involuntary thin…
spinal cord
part of the central nervous system; primarily involved in pri…
cerebrum
Part of the Central Nervous System(specifically the Brain), t…
19 terms
SAT Biology Subject Test
estuary
intertidal zone
pelagic zone
benthic zone
Estuaries form a transition zone between river environments a…
The area that is above water at low tide and under water at h…
The word "pelagic" is derived from Greek πέλαγος (pélagos), m…
The benthic zone is the ecological region at the lowest level…
estuary
Estuaries form a transition zone between river environments a…
intertidal zone
The area that is above water at low tide and under water at h…
307 terms
Biology SAT subject test
Polymer
Monomers
Protein
Backbone of an amino acid
String of repeated units
individual units of a polymer
polymer of amino acids
Polymer
String of repeated units
Monomers
individual units of a polymer
170 terms
Biology SAT Subject Test
Bacteria
Cyanobacteria
Archaea
Eukarya
-domain... -prokaryotes... -lack a nucleus and membrane-bound organ…
-blue-green algae... -contain chlorophyll... -can photosynthesize
-domain... -prokaryotes... -lack nuclei and organelles... -circular DN…
-domain... -all organisms have nuclei, membrane-bound organelles…
Bacteria
-domain... -prokaryotes... -lack a nucleus and membrane-bound organ…
Cyanobacteria
-blue-green algae... -contain chlorophyll... -can photosynthesize
28 terms
SAT Subject Test: Biology: Ecology
Species
Population
Community
Ecosystem
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
(ecology) a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the…
A community and its abiotic environment
Species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
Population
A group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
457 terms
Biology M SAT Subject Test
abiotic factors
ABA (abscisic acid)
accessory pigments (antennae)
accurate
nonliving factors in an ecosystem, such as temperature, water…
plant hormone that inhibits growth
molecules that assist in photosynthesis by capturing and pass…
correct; not in error
abiotic factors
nonliving factors in an ecosystem, such as temperature, water…
ABA (abscisic acid)
plant hormone that inhibits growth
426 terms
Biology SAT Subject Test
What are atoms?
What are molecules?
What is a compound?
What is an element?
the fundamental units of the physical world... ex: H
a combination of atoms that can react with other atoms to for…
a molecule with different types of atoms ... ex: H2O
a molecule with a single type of atom that cannot be broken d…
What are atoms?
the fundamental units of the physical world... ex: H
What are molecules?
a combination of atoms that can react with other atoms to for…
184 terms
Biology SAT Subject Test
acetylcholine
actin
adaptive radiation
allelic frequency
A neurotransmitter released by neurons to excite an action po…
Protein filaments that, along with myosin, allow muscles to c…
The evolutionary process by which ancestral forms of an organ…
The frequency with which a particular allele for a certain ch…
acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter released by neurons to excite an action po…
actin
Protein filaments that, along with myosin, allow muscles to c…
184 terms
Biology SAT Subject Test
acetylcholine
actin
adaptive radiation
allelic frequency
A neurotransmitter released by neurons to excite an action po…
Protein filaments that, along with myosin, allow muscles to c…
The evolutionary process by which ancestral forms of an organ…
The frequency with which a particular allele for a certain ch…
acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter released by neurons to excite an action po…
actin
Protein filaments that, along with myosin, allow muscles to c…
184 terms
Biology SAT Subject Test
acetylcholine
actin
adaptive radiation
allelic frequency
A neurotransmitter released by neurons to excite an action po…
Protein filaments that, along with myosin, allow muscles to c…
The evolutionary process by which ancestral forms of an organ…
The frequency with which a particular allele for a certain ch…
acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter released by neurons to excite an action po…
actin
Protein filaments that, along with myosin, allow muscles to c…
71 terms
SAT Subject Test: Molecular Biology
Pancreas
Thyroid
Ovaries
Adrenal Glands
Digestive organ that regulates the secretion of hormones such…
Organ that surrounds the esophagus and controls body metaboli…
The structure producing female gametes
Adrenal Glands help regulate metabolism and is responsible fo…
Pancreas
Digestive organ that regulates the secretion of hormones such…
Thyroid
Organ that surrounds the esophagus and controls body metaboli…
327 terms
SAT Subject Test: Biology
photosynthesis
epidermis
cuticle
function of cuticle
use of light to make carbohydrates through intake of CO2 and…
outer cell layer of leaf that protects tissues
layer of wax on epidermis
-protects leave from attackers... -keeps water from escaping
photosynthesis
use of light to make carbohydrates through intake of CO2 and…
epidermis
outer cell layer of leaf that protects tissues
184 terms
SAT Subject Test: Biology
acetylcholine
actin
adaptive radiation
allelic frequency
A neurotransmitter released by neurons to excite an action po…
Protein filaments that, along with myosin, allow muscles to c…
The evolutionary process by which ancestral forms of an organ…
The frequency with which a particular allele for a certain ch…
acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter released by neurons to excite an action po…
actin
Protein filaments that, along with myosin, allow muscles to c…
184 terms
Biology SAT Subject Test
acetylcholine
actin
adaptive radiation
allelic frequency
A neurotransmitter released by neurons to excite an action po…
Protein filaments that, along with myosin, allow muscles to c…
The evolutionary process by which ancestral forms of an organ…
The frequency with which a particular allele for a certain ch…
acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter released by neurons to excite an action po…
actin
Protein filaments that, along with myosin, allow muscles to c…
184 terms
Biology SAT Subject Test
acetylcholine
actin
adaptive radiation
allelic frequency
A neurotransmitter released by neurons to excite an action po…
Protein filaments that, along with myosin, allow muscles to c…
The evolutionary process by which ancestral forms of an organ…
The frequency with which a particular allele for a certain ch…
acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter released by neurons to excite an action po…
actin
Protein filaments that, along with myosin, allow muscles to c…
114 terms
SAT Biology Subject Test--Biochemistry
What subatomic particles does the atom…
Charge of Proton
Mass in amu of Proton
Location of Proton
Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons
+1
1
Nucleus
What subatomic particles does the atom…
Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons
Charge of Proton
+1
25 terms
Biology SAT Subject Test
Bond
Breaking a bond
Why to atoms bond?
Ionic bonds
Formed when two atomic nuclei attract the same electron and e…
Energy must be supplied or absorbed
To achieve stability
Form when electrons are transferred. Metal bonded to a nonmetal
Bond
Formed when two atomic nuclei attract the same electron and e…
Breaking a bond
Energy must be supplied or absorbed
40 terms
Biology SAT Subject Test
What are organic molecules? Inorganic?…
What are the four organic molecules an…
What is a carboxyl group?
What's a peptide bond and how is it fo…
organic- compounds that contain carbon... inorganic-compounds th…
1. protein- amino acids... 2. carbohydrates- saccharide... 3. lipid…
COOH
the new bond between the amino acids; formed by dehydration s…
What are organic molecules? Inorganic?…
organic- compounds that contain carbon... inorganic-compounds th…
What are the four organic molecules an…
1. protein- amino acids... 2. carbohydrates- saccharide... 3. lipid…
483 terms
BIOLOGY SAT SUBJECT TEST
absorption
acetylcholine
active immunity
adaptation
the process by which water and dissolved substances pass thro…
a transmitter substance released from the axons of nerve cell…
protective immunity to a disease in which the individual prod…
a behavioral or biological change that enables an organism to…
absorption
the process by which water and dissolved substances pass thro…
acetylcholine
a transmitter substance released from the axons of nerve cell…
51 terms
SAT SUBJECT TEST BIOLOGY
ground state
isotopes
radioisotopes
ionic bonds
Condition of an electron when it is not excited. It is in its…
Atoms of one element that vary only in the number of neutrons…
Radioactive isotopes, those that are decaying as they emit pa…
Bonds between atoms that form by transferring electrons.
ground state
Condition of an electron when it is not excited. It is in its…
isotopes
Atoms of one element that vary only in the number of neutrons…
23 terms
Biology SAT Subject Test (Biochemistry)
(D)
(A)
(B)
(D)
A solution with a pH of 2 is ________ times more acidic than…
All of the following are correct about enzymes EXCEPT... (A) the…
All of the following are correct about water EXCEPT... (A) water…
Which is not a characteristic of water?... (A) water has a high…
(D)
A solution with a pH of 2 is ________ times more acidic than…
(A)
All of the following are correct about enzymes EXCEPT... (A) the…
511 terms
BIOLOGY SAT SUBJECT TEST VOCABULARY
abiotic
absorption
acetylcholine
active immunity
nonliving, as in the physical environment
the process by which water and dissolved substances pass thro…
a transmitter substance released from the axons of nerve cell…
protective immunity to a disease in which the individual prod…
abiotic
nonliving, as in the physical environment
absorption
the process by which water and dissolved substances pass thro…
93 terms
SAT Biology Subject Test-- The Cell
Cell Theory
What are the diameters of most plant a…
What is the diameter of red blood cells?
Prokaryotes
1)All living things are composed of cells... 2)Cells are the bas…
10-100 micrometers
8 micrometers
have no nucleus or membrane bound organelles
Cell Theory
1)All living things are composed of cells... 2)Cells are the bas…
What are the diameters of most plant a…
10-100 micrometers
114 terms
SAT Biology Subject Test--Biochemistry
What subatomic particles does the atom…
Charge of Proton
Mass in amu of Proton
Location of Proton
Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons
+1
1
Nucleus
What subatomic particles does the atom…
Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons
Charge of Proton
+1
13 terms
SAT Subject Test Biology E/M: Excretory System
excretion
elimination
aerobic respiration, aerobic respirati…
ammonia, diffusion, contractile vacuole
the removal of metabolic wastes produced in the body
the removal of indigestible materials (NOT excretion)
Metabolic activities that produce waste:... carbon dioxide: prod…
Excretion in protozoa and cnidarians:... In these simple organis…
excretion
the removal of metabolic wastes produced in the body
elimination
the removal of indigestible materials (NOT excretion)
21 terms
SAT Subject Test Biology E/M: Nervous System
cell body, dendrites, axon
Na+/K+ ATPase, ATP, sodium, potassium,…
threshold potential
depolarization
Parts of the neuron:... _________: contains the nucleus and most…
All cells have a voltage across their plasma membrane that is…
voltage at which voltage-gated ion channels in the neuron's p…
the entry of sodium through voltage-gated ion channels that c…
cell body, dendrites, axon
Parts of the neuron:... _________: contains the nucleus and most…
Na+/K+ ATPase, ATP, sodium, potassium,…
All cells have a voltage across their plasma membrane that is…
22 terms
SAT Subject Test Biology E/M: Endocrine System
hormones
endocrine, exocrine
digestive enzymes, bicarbonate, insuli…
proteins, membrane, secondary messenge…
chemical messengers produced in one tissue and carried by the…
_________ glands secrete hormones directly into the bloodstre…
the pancreas has both endocrine and exocrine function. It sim…
Peptide hormones (i.e. insulin and ADH):... a. they are ________…
hormones
chemical messengers produced in one tissue and carried by the…
endocrine, exocrine
_________ glands secrete hormones directly into the bloodstre…
20 terms
Biology SAT Subject Test (The Cell)
(C)
(D)
(B)
(B)
The site of protein production... (A) Smooth endoplasmic reticul…
Found in large quantities in white blood cells and other phag…
The site of RNA production... (A) Smooth endoplasmic reticulum... (…
Which of the following would most likely be the diameter of a…
(C)
The site of protein production... (A) Smooth endoplasmic reticul…
(D)
Found in large quantities in white blood cells and other phag…
26 terms
Endocrine System: Biology E/M SAT Subject Test
These are made by the various glands o…
___ hormones change existing enzymes,…
What organ secretes the most hormones?
Growth hormone is secreted by the ___…
Hormones
Peptide, steroid
Pituitary gland
Anterior pituitary, all
These are made by the various glands o…
Hormones
___ hormones change existing enzymes,…
Peptide, steroid
21 terms
Single Subject SAT: Biology
Tracheids
Vessel element
Angiosperms
Gymnosperms
A water conducting cell in the xylem that lacks preforations…
A water conducting cell in the xylem that has perforations in…
Flowering plants
Plants that do not protect their seeds; conifers, etc.
Tracheids
A water conducting cell in the xylem that lacks preforations…
Vessel element
A water conducting cell in the xylem that has perforations in…
438 terms
SAT Subject: Biology
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Atoms always have what charge in its e…
(+)1 charge, 1 amu, nucleus
0 charge, 1 amu, nucleus
(-)1 charge, 0 amu, outside nucleus
neutral, because # protons= # electrons
Proton
(+)1 charge, 1 amu, nucleus
Neutron
0 charge, 1 amu, nucleus
132 terms
Biology SAT Subject
Climax Community
Germ Layers
For the following organisms, what is t…
Oogenesis is the process by which
Ecological system where population and following generations…
Endoderm develops into the lungs, gastrointestinal tract, bla…
sponge, flatworm, mollusk, chordate
primary oocytes undergo meiosis to produce one egg and 2-3 po…
Climax Community
Ecological system where population and following generations…
Germ Layers
Endoderm develops into the lungs, gastrointestinal tract, bla…
127 terms
Biology (SAT Subject)
characteristics of water
specific heat
heat of vaporization
adhesion/cohesion
high specific heat, high heat of vaporization, high adhesion,…
amount of energy needed for 1 gram of a material to change by…
water requires a lot of heat to evaporate ... sweating can be u…
clinging to other substances/clinging to itself ... water's ___…
characteristics of water
high specific heat, high heat of vaporization, high adhesion,…
specific heat
amount of energy needed for 1 gram of a material to change by…
18 terms
Biology Subject SAT Terms
Atoms
Molecules
Compound
Element
A single particle of one element.
A group of multiple atoms of a single element.
A group of multiple atoms of different elements.
A single type of particle of any quantity.
Atoms
A single particle of one element.
Molecules
A group of multiple atoms of a single element.
10 terms
SAT Subject Test Biology E/M: The Reproductive System
gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and…
estrogen and progesterone
follicular, FSH, estrogen, ovulation,…
hormone released from the hypothalamus; stimulates FSH and LH…
hormones released from the anterior pituitary gland; stimulat…
hormones that inhibit the production of FSH and LH as well as…
4 stages of menstrual cycle:... 1. _________ stage: _________ st…
gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
hormone released from the hypothalamus; stimulates FSH and LH…
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and…
hormones released from the anterior pituitary gland; stimulat…
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