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Study sets matching "science 10"

81 terms
Science 10 Unit 2
atom
atomic number
balanced chemical equation
binary covalent compund
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
Number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
chemical equation with the same number of atoms of each eleme…
2 non-metals bonded together by the sharing of electrons
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
atomic number
Number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
58 terms
Science 10 Chapter 1
Abiotic
Biotic
Biome
Adaptation
nonliving, physical features of the environment, including ai…
the living organisms in an ecosystem
a major biotic community characterized by the dominant forms…
inherited characteristic that improves an organism's ability…
Abiotic
nonliving, physical features of the environment, including ai…
Biotic
the living organisms in an ecosystem
24 terms
Science 10 Chapter 3
adaptive radiation
aeration
climax community
deforestation
the development of a number of new species from a common ance…
mixing with air; (can aerate water, sewage, soil, etc.) one m…
a mature community, such as a boreal forest, tropical rainfor…
the clearing or logging of forests without replanting. Can be…
adaptive radiation
the development of a number of new species from a common ance…
aeration
mixing with air; (can aerate water, sewage, soil, etc.) one m…
53 terms
Science 10 Chapter 2
bioaccumulation
biodegredation
biomagnification
biomass
the gradual build-up of synthetic and organic chemicals in li…
the breaking down of dead organic matter by living organisms…
the process in which chemicals not only accumulate but become…
the total mass of living matter in a given unit area
bioaccumulation
the gradual build-up of synthetic and organic chemicals in li…
biodegredation
the breaking down of dead organic matter by living organisms…
25 terms
Science 10 Chapter 7
radioactivity
natural background radiation
radiation
light
the release of high-energy particles and rays of energy from…
the stream of high-energy, fast-moving particles or waves tha…
high-energy rays and particles emitted by radioactive sources
one form of radiation that is visible to humans
radioactivity
the release of high-energy particles and rays of energy from…
natural background radiation
the stream of high-energy, fast-moving particles or waves tha…
38 terms
Science 10 Microscope and Cells
coarse adjustment knob
fine adjustment knob
diaphragm
revolving nosepiece
a knob that makes large adjustments to the focus by moving th…
a knob that makes small adjustments to the focus
an opening controls the amount of light that enters onto the…
holds and rotates the objective lenses
coarse adjustment knob
a knob that makes large adjustments to the focus by moving th…
fine adjustment knob
a knob that makes small adjustments to the focus
19 terms
Science 10 Unit 3
What greek letter means "change in"?
positive acceleration
negative acceleration
displacement
Delta... "the triangle"
indicates the object's velocity is increasing in the positive…
indicates the object's velocity is decreasing in the positive…
the straight line distance and direction from one point to an…
What greek letter means "change in"?
Delta... "the triangle"
positive acceleration
indicates the object's velocity is increasing in the positive…
24 terms
Genetics Review - Science 10
trait
P Generation
heterozygous
allele
a phenotypic characteristic
The homozygous parent individuals
the zygosity of all offspring from a homozygous recessive and…
Any of the alternative versions of a gene that may produce di…
trait
a phenotypic characteristic
P Generation
The homozygous parent individuals
29 terms
Science 10 Chapter 9 Vocabulary
chemical reaction
chemical equation
reactants
products
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
a representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
things that react together (on the left side of the equation)
things that are produced (on the right side of the equation)
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
chemical equation
a representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
49 terms
Science 10, Chapter 10
Air mass
Albedo
Angle of incidence
Atmospheres
A large body of air with similar temperature and humidity thr…
The amount of radiation reflected by a surface
The angle between a ray reaching a surface and a line perpend…
Layers of gases that extend above planets' surfaces
Air mass
A large body of air with similar temperature and humidity thr…
Albedo
The amount of radiation reflected by a surface
10 terms
Science 10 Biology - Section 1
Contrast
Resolution
Transmission Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
The ability to see differences between structures due to diff…
The ability to distinguish between two structures are very cl…
Electron beams pass through a substance 1 500 000x and are go…
Not as high resolution as the TEM but is great for seeing the…
Contrast
The ability to see differences between structures due to diff…
Resolution
The ability to distinguish between two structures are very cl…
38 terms
Science 10 Microscope and Cells
coarse adjustment knob
fine adjustment knob
diaphragm
revolving nosepiece
a knob that makes large adjustments to the focus by moving th…
a knob that makes small adjustments to the focus
an opening controls the amount of light that enters onto the…
holds and rotates the objective lenses
coarse adjustment knob
a knob that makes large adjustments to the focus by moving th…
fine adjustment knob
a knob that makes small adjustments to the focus
10 terms
Science 10 Biology - Section 2
Janssen Brothers
Robert Hooke
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
Spontaneous Generation
Invented the first compound microscope in 1595 using a two le…
Came up with the word "cell" by looking at cork under a micro…
Used a single lens microscope (magnifying glass) and saw move…
The belief that you could get living things from non-living t…
Janssen Brothers
Invented the first compound microscope in 1595 using a two le…
Robert Hooke
Came up with the word "cell" by looking at cork under a micro…
11 terms
BC Science 10: Chapter 6
Combustion
Decomposition
Double Replacement
Neutralization (acid-base)
The rapid reaction of a compound or element with oxygen to fo…
In biology the breaking down of organic wastes and dead organ…
Describing a chemical reaction that usually involves two ioni…
The chemical reaction that occurs when an acid and a base rea…
Combustion
The rapid reaction of a compound or element with oxygen to fo…
Decomposition
In biology the breaking down of organic wastes and dead organ…
12 terms
Science 10 Biology - Section 3
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell Wall
Protective Barrier that allows the transport of needed materi…
The organelle that contains the DNA and directs all cellular…
A gel-like substance inside the cell that contains the nutrie…
Found in plants, bacteria, some protists and fungi and is a r…
Cell Membrane
Protective Barrier that allows the transport of needed materi…
Nucleus
The organelle that contains the DNA and directs all cellular…
11 terms
Science 10 Biology - Section 5
Guard Cells
Vascular Tissue
Spongy Mesophyll
Xylem
Open and close the stomata by Active Transport of K+ ions and…
Responsible for the transport of water and sugar throughout t…
Loosely packed cells that transport carbon dioxide and oxygen…
Transports water and dissolved salts from the roots to the le…
Guard Cells
Open and close the stomata by Active Transport of K+ ions and…
Vascular Tissue
Responsible for the transport of water and sugar throughout t…
10 terms
Science 10 Biology - Section 6
Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
Cellular Respiration
Transpiration
Carbon dioxide + water + sunlight produces glucose and oxygen…
The green pigment in chloroplasts that absorbs wavelengths of…
Glucose and oxgen produce carbon dioxide, water and energy (A…
Water being expired by the plant.
Photosynthesis
Carbon dioxide + water + sunlight produces glucose and oxygen…
Chlorophyll
The green pigment in chloroplasts that absorbs wavelengths of…
15 terms
Science 10 Biology - Section 4
Passive Transport
Simple Diffusion
Semi-Permeable
Concentration Gradient
Transport of materials from a high concentration to a low con…
A type of passive transport that where materials flow with th…
A membrane that allows for only certain particles to pass thr…
Determines the direction in which water or solutes will move.
Passive Transport
Transport of materials from a high concentration to a low con…
Simple Diffusion
A type of passive transport that where materials flow with th…
24 terms
Science 10 Chapter 3 Vocabulary
adaptive radiation
aeration
bioremediation
climax community
the development of a number of new species from a common ance…
mixing with air; (can aerate water, sewage, soil, etc.) one m…
the act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microor…
a mature community, such as a boreal forest, tropical rainfor…
adaptive radiation
the development of a number of new species from a common ance…
aeration
mixing with air; (can aerate water, sewage, soil, etc.) one m…
24 terms
Science 10 Chapter 3
adaptive radiation
aeration
climax community
deforestation
the development of a number of new species from a common ance…
mixing with air; (can aerate water, sewage, soil, etc.) one m…
a mature community, such as a boreal forest, tropical rainfor…
the clearing or logging of forests without replanting. Can be…
adaptive radiation
the development of a number of new species from a common ance…
aeration
mixing with air; (can aerate water, sewage, soil, etc.) one m…
10 terms
Science Vocabulary #10
Demonstrate
Dissolve
Design
Direction
To show by example using explanation, description, and experi…
"A physical change that occurs when a solid substance melts i…
To create, fashion, execute, or construct according to plan
The line along which something is pointing or facing or cardi…
Demonstrate
To show by example using explanation, description, and experi…
Dissolve
"A physical change that occurs when a solid substance melts i…
31 terms
Daily Science 10 - 18
compound
element
mixture
species
2 or more elements chemically combined (water, sugar)
pure substance made of 1 type of atom (iron, oxygen)
elements or compounds that do not combine chemically (air, tr…
a single, distinct group of living things
compound
2 or more elements chemically combined (water, sugar)
element
pure substance made of 1 type of atom (iron, oxygen)
63 terms
Maple Leaf Science 10 - Chemistry
bases
basic
Bohr diagrams
bonding pair
noun, pH > 7, more OH- than H+
adj, pH > 7, more OH- than H+
show # protons, neutrons , & electrons in atom, ion, or compo…
2 electrons that form a bond
bases
noun, pH > 7, more OH- than H+
basic
adj, pH > 7, more OH- than H+
26 terms
BC Science 10 Chapter 5
pH scale
acids
bases
neutral
a number (#) scale for measuring how acidic or basic a soluti…
chemical compounds that produce a solution with a pH of less…
chemical compounds that produce a solution with a pH of more…
any solution that has a pH of 7. pH=7
pH scale
a number (#) scale for measuring how acidic or basic a soluti…
acids
chemical compounds that produce a solution with a pH of less…
30 terms
Science Probe 10 Chapter 3
climatograph
climate
latitude
elevation
A graph showing the monthly changes in temperature and precip…
The long-term pattern of temperature
the location of a place north or south of the equator (0)
the height above (or below) sea level
climatograph
A graph showing the monthly changes in temperature and precip…
climate
The long-term pattern of temperature
81 terms
Science 10 Unit 1
atom
atomic number
balanced chemical equation
binary covalent compund
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
Number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
chemical equation with the same number of atoms of each eleme…
2 non-metals bonded together by the sharing of electrons
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
atomic number
Number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
26 terms
BC Science 10 Chapter 1 Vocabulary
abiotic
adaptations
behavioural adaptation
biodiversity
relating to non-living parts of an environment such as sunlig…
characteristics that enable organisms to better survive and r…
what an organism does to survive in the unique conditions of…
the diversity of plant, animal life and micro-organisms in a…
abiotic
relating to non-living parts of an environment such as sunlig…
adaptations
characteristics that enable organisms to better survive and r…
55 terms
BC Science 10 Chapter 1
Abiotic
Biotic
Biome
Adaptation
nonliving, physical features of the environment, including ai…
the living organisms in an ecosystem
a major biotic community characterized by the dominant forms…
inherited characteristic that improves an organism's ability…
Abiotic
nonliving, physical features of the environment, including ai…
Biotic
the living organisms in an ecosystem
23 terms
Science 10 - Periodic Table
Neutron
Electron
Proton
Atomic mass
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
A tiny, negatively charged particle that moves around the nuc…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
The weighted average of the masses of all the naturally occur…
Neutron
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
Electron
A tiny, negatively charged particle that moves around the nuc…
10 terms
Science Vocabulary List 10
convection
Coriolis effect
corona
cotyledons
a transfer of thermal energy by medium molecules moving from…
the effect of earth's rotation on the paths of winds around t…
a white or colored circle seen around the sun
the structures where food is stored in seeds
convection
a transfer of thermal energy by medium molecules moving from…
Coriolis effect
the effect of earth's rotation on the paths of winds around t…
12 terms
Maple Leaf Science 10 - Physics
acceleration
positive acceleration
negative acceleration
zero acceleration
rate of change of velocity; m/s/s
increasing velocity
decreasing velocity
constant velocity
acceleration
rate of change of velocity; m/s/s
positive acceleration
increasing velocity
278 terms
Science 10
Physical Properties
Chemical Properties
Define Mixture
Heterogeneous Mixture vs Homogeneous M…
Can be observed without changing the chemical structure of th…
A possible chemical change that a substance may undergo. ... e.g…
When two or more substances are physically mixed, but not che…
Heterogeneous: Not uniform composition/properties throughout…
Physical Properties
Can be observed without changing the chemical structure of th…
Chemical Properties
A possible chemical change that a substance may undergo. ... e.g…
18 terms
Science 10 Chemistry
Electron
Proton
Neutron
Cation
negatively charged particle in the atom that occupies energy…
positively charged particle in the nucleus of the atom
neutral particle in the nucleus of an atom
positively charged ion. Has more protons than electrons.
Electron
negatively charged particle in the atom that occupies energy…
Proton
positively charged particle in the nucleus of the atom
54 terms
Science 10 Chapter 12
continental drift theory
jigsaw puzzle fit
paleoglaciation
tectonic plates
a theory put forth by Alfred Wegener in the early 20th centur…
Wegener suggested that millions of years ago, all the contine…
the rock marking that are left behind after ancient glaciers…
the sub-sections of large, movable slabs that Earth is broken…
continental drift theory
a theory put forth by Alfred Wegener in the early 20th centur…
jigsaw puzzle fit
Wegener suggested that millions of years ago, all the contine…
54 terms
Science 10 Chapter 12
continental drift theory
jigsaw puzzle fit
paleoglaciation
tectonic plates
a theory put forth by Alfred Wegener in the early 20th centur…
Wegener suggested that millions of years ago, all the contine…
the rock marking that are left behind after ancient glaciers…
the sub-sections of large, movable slabs that Earth is broken…
continental drift theory
a theory put forth by Alfred Wegener in the early 20th centur…
jigsaw puzzle fit
Wegener suggested that millions of years ago, all the contine…
47 terms
BC Science 10 Chapter 2 Vocabulary
biomass
energy flow
producers
consumer
the total mass of living plants, animals, fungi, and bacteria…
the flow of energy from an ecosystem to an organism and from…
plants that produce food in the form of carbohydrates during…
any organism that feeds on a plant and may become an energy s…
biomass
the total mass of living plants, animals, fungi, and bacteria…
energy flow
the flow of energy from an ecosystem to an organism and from…
12 terms
Science Chapter 9 & 10
Natural Resources
Nonrenewable Resources
Renewable Resources
Evaporation
materials found on that can be used by people
natural resources that be replaced
natural resources that can be or renewed
the process in which water changes to water vapor
Natural Resources
materials found on that can be used by people
Nonrenewable Resources
natural resources that be replaced
10 terms
science 10
biodiversity
Haploid
Diploid
Homologous
The number of species within a specific habitat.... The larger…
1 set of chromosomes
2 sets of chromosomes
Similar structures that related species have inherited from a…
biodiversity
The number of species within a specific habitat.... The larger…
Haploid
1 set of chromosomes
14 terms
Science 10 Chapter 8
scalar quantities
vector quantities
distance (d)
position (arrow d)
quantities that describe magnitude but do not include direction
quantities that describe magnitude and also include direction
a scalar quantity that describes the length of a path between…
a vector quantity that describes a specific point relative to…
scalar quantities
quantities that describe magnitude but do not include direction
vector quantities
quantities that describe magnitude and also include direction
5 terms
Science Vocabulary Week of 10/10
aquifer
pesticide
Infectious Waste Material
Fertilizer
Any underground formation that contains (holds) groundwater.
A chemical used to destroy insects or other organisms that ca…
Otherwise known as feces, remains of animals, or anything con…
a chemical or natural substance added to soil or land to incr…
aquifer
Any underground formation that contains (holds) groundwater.
pesticide
A chemical used to destroy insects or other organisms that ca…
24 terms
BC Science 10 Chapter 3 Vocabulary
natural selection
adaptive radiation
ecological succession
primary succession
the process that makes change possible in living things, cert…
the change from a common ancestor into a number of different…
changes that take place over time in the types of organisms t…
the development of new life in areas where no organisms or so…
natural selection
the process that makes change possible in living things, cert…
adaptive radiation
the change from a common ancestor into a number of different…
26 terms
Science 10 Chapter 5
pH scale
acids
bases
neutral
a number scale for measuring how acidic or basic a solution is
chemical compounds that produce a solution with a pH of less…
chemical compounds that produce a solution with a pH of more…
any solution that has a pH of 7
pH scale
a number scale for measuring how acidic or basic a solution is
acids
chemical compounds that produce a solution with a pH of less…
77 terms
Science 10 - Earth Science
Aeration
Air mass
Air resistance
Asthenosphere
mixing with air; one method to reduce run-off is to mechanica…
a large body of air with similar temperature and humidity thr…
a friction-like force that opposes the motion of objects that…
a partly molten layer in Earth's upper mantle just below the…
Aeration
mixing with air; one method to reduce run-off is to mechanica…
Air mass
a large body of air with similar temperature and humidity thr…
13 terms
Science Chpt. 10 Vocabulary
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Abrasion
Chemical Weathering
The Process by which rock material are broken down by the act…
The breakdown of rock into smaller pieces by physical means.
The grinding and wearing away of rock surfaces through the me…
The process by which rocks break down as a result of chemical…
Weathering
The Process by which rock material are broken down by the act…
Mechanical Weathering
The breakdown of rock into smaller pieces by physical means.
Science 10
Synthesis Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Single Displacement Reaction
Double Displacement Reaction
A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a…
A reaction in which a single compound breaks down to form two…
A reaction in which one element or radical takes the place of…
A reaction in which gas, a solid precipitate, or a molecular…
Synthesis Reaction
A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a…
Decomposition Reaction
A reaction in which a single compound breaks down to form two…
9 terms
Science 10 Chapter 9
change in velocity (delta v)
acceleration (a)
deceleration
velocity-time graph
when the speed of an object changes, or its direction of moti…
the rate at which an object changes its velocity
acceleration that is opposite to the direction of motion
provides information about the object's velocity and accelera…
change in velocity (delta v)
when the speed of an object changes, or its direction of moti…
acceleration (a)
the rate at which an object changes its velocity
16 terms
10 Science
Precision
Accuracy
Uncertain
Systematic Error (Determinate Error)
How close the measured values are to each other.
How close a measured value is to the actual value.
a digit that must be estimated
Occurs in the same direction each time (high or low), often r…
Precision
How close the measured values are to each other.
Accuracy
How close a measured value is to the actual value.
33 terms
Science 10 Chapter 4
anions
atom
atomic number
binary covalent compound
negative ions
the smallest particle of any element that retains the propert…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom, which identi…
a compound that contains two non-metal elements joined togeth…
anions
negative ions
atom
the smallest particle of any element that retains the propert…
11 terms
General Science Module #10
prokaryotic cell
pathogen
eukaryotic cell
decomposers
a cell that has no distinct, membrane-bounded organelles (cel…
an organism that causes diseases
a cell with distinct, membrane-bounded organelles (cells that…
organisms that break down the dead remains of other organisms
prokaryotic cell
a cell that has no distinct, membrane-bounded organelles (cel…
pathogen
an organism that causes diseases
13 terms
Science Week 10: Vocabulary
lens
light energy
mirror
opaque
A clear piece of curved glass or plastic that bends passing l…
produced by the vibrations of electrically charged particles
an optical device that works by reflection
(adj) not translucent; not allowing light, hear, etc. to pass…
lens
A clear piece of curved glass or plastic that bends passing l…
light energy
produced by the vibrations of electrically charged particles
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