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Study sets matching "science and gene technology"

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Study sets matching "science and gene technology"

11 terms
Science - gene technology
Gel electrophoresis
Pedigrees
Chromosomal abnormalities
Mutations
a technique used by scientists to separate pieces of DNA base…
-show how a trait is passed down in a family ... -can be used to…
-mistakes that occur during meiosis ... -chromatids fail to sepa…
-mistakes that occur when DNA is copied ... -base sequence is ch…
Gel electrophoresis
a technique used by scientists to separate pieces of DNA base…
Pedigrees
-show how a trait is passed down in a family ... -can be used to…
57 terms
science--gene technology
the process of breaking the DNA of an…
what is the goal of genetic engineering
DNA strand made from a combination of…
proteins that are designated to cut in…
genetic engineering
to create recombiant DNA by putting one organism's DNA into a…
recombiant DNA
restriction enzymes
the process of breaking the DNA of an…
genetic engineering
what is the goal of genetic engineering
to create recombiant DNA by putting one organism's DNA into a…
14 terms
Science DNA and Gene technology
Definit volum ?
What scientific tool do we use to to m…
What tool do we use to measure liquid…
What is matter ?
The amount that space that some thing takes
Liters
Graduating cylinder
Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space (and has…
Definit volum ?
The amount that space that some thing takes
What scientific tool do we use to to m…
Liters
16 terms
Grade 7 Science - Genes and Gene Technology
chromosomes
DNA and protein
Two functions the gene material must c…
Chargaff discovered
found in the nucleus
make up chromosomes
supply instructions for cell processes and for building cell…
amount of A = amount of T; amount of G = amount of C
chromosomes
found in the nucleus
DNA and protein
make up chromosomes
28 terms
Life Science Chap Seven: Genes and Gene Technology
DNA
Nucleotides
Describe the diagram of a nucleotide
Erwin chargaffs discovery
Hereditary material that controls the activity of a cell
The four submits that make up DNA... Adenine ... Thymine ... Guanine…
Circle. Phosphate... Hexagon. Sugar ... Rectangle. base
#a=#t. #c=#g ... 1950s
DNA
Hereditary material that controls the activity of a cell
Nucleotides
The four submits that make up DNA... Adenine ... Thymine ... Guanine…
24 terms
Science Chapter 7: Genes and Gene Technology
protein synthesis
ribosome
DNA duplication
RNA
the putting together of amino acids to make proteins at the r…
cell organelle where proteins are made
When the DNA double helix splits down the middle of the nucle…
a single stranded nucleic acid with uracil as a BASE in place…
protein synthesis
the putting together of amino acids to make proteins at the r…
ribosome
cell organelle where proteins are made
10 terms
Life Science (Ch 6) - Genes & Gene Technology
DNA
nucleotide
adenine
thymine
deoxyribonucleic acid; controls all the activities of a cell,…
a subunit of DNA consisting of a sugar, a phosphate, and one…
one of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
one of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; controls all the activities of a cell,…
nucleotide
a subunit of DNA consisting of a sugar, a phosphate, and one…
16 terms
Science - Chapter 4 - Genes and Gene Technology - Vocab
DNA
nucleotide
adenine
thymine
hereditary material that controls all the activities in the c…
a subunit of DNA consisting of a sugar, phosphate, and one of…
one of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
one of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
DNA
hereditary material that controls all the activities in the c…
nucleotide
a subunit of DNA consisting of a sugar, phosphate, and one of…
23 terms
6th Grade Science Chapter 6 ~ Genes and Gene Technology
DNA
base pairs and Chargoff's Rules
Sugars } ... Phosphates }
Rosalind Franklin
Deoxyribonucleic acid, directions to make proteins, must be a…
Adenine, thymine ... Cytosine, guanine
Sides of the double helix
First saw DNA structure through X-ray
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid, directions to make proteins, must be a…
base pairs and Chargoff's Rules
Adenine, thymine ... Cytosine, guanine
15 terms
Gene Technology
polymerase chain reaction
primer
gel electrophoresis
DNA fingerprint
a technique that is used to make many copies of selected segm…
a short, single-stranded fragment of DNA or RNA that is requi…
a technique used to separate nucleic acids or proteins accord…
the pattern of bands that results when an individual's DNA sa…
polymerase chain reaction
a technique that is used to make many copies of selected segm…
primer
a short, single-stranded fragment of DNA or RNA that is requi…
15 terms
Gene Technology
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Gel Electrophoresis
DNA Fingerprint
Genetic Engineering
echnique used to make many copies of selected segments of DNA…
a technique used to separate DNA according to size and charge…
the pattern of bands that results when an individual's DNA sa…
a technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified…
Polymerase Chain Reaction
echnique used to make many copies of selected segments of DNA…
Gel Electrophoresis
a technique used to separate DNA according to size and charge…
8 terms
GENE TECHNOLOGY
Gene
Genotype
Phenotype
DNA
A short section of DNA that codes for a particular characteri…
An organism's genetic makeup
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Gene
A short section of DNA that codes for a particular characteri…
Genotype
An organism's genetic makeup
29 terms
Genes and Gene Technology
DNA
nucleotide
adenine
thymine
deoxyribonucleic acid; hereditary material that controls all…
a subunit of DNA consisting of sugar, a phosphate, and 1 of 4…
1 of the 4 bases that combine with sugar and phosphate to for…
1 of the 4 bases that combine with sugar and phosphate to for…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; hereditary material that controls all…
nucleotide
a subunit of DNA consisting of sugar, a phosphate, and 1 of 4…
99 terms
Gene Technology
Gene Technology
Genetic Engineering ... (3)
Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)
Gene Technology Benefit (6)
Broad field which includes analysis of DNA as well as genetic…
Refers to the:... -Artificial manipulation of genes; ... -Adding or…
Organisms with artificially altered DNA.
-Increasing crop production... -Increasing livestock production…
Gene Technology
Broad field which includes analysis of DNA as well as genetic…
Genetic Engineering ... (3)
Refers to the:... -Artificial manipulation of genes; ... -Adding or…
12 terms
Ch. 4 Genes and Gene Technology
DNA
nucleotide
adenine
thymine
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A building block of DNA consisting of a base, a sugar, and a…
The base that pairs with thymine in DNA
The base that pairs with adenine in DNA
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
nucleotide
A building block of DNA consisting of a base, a sugar, and a…
6 terms
Gene technology
Genetic modification
Gene splicing
Human Genome Project
Human Genome Project
GMO: Genetically Modification Organism... is when genetic inform…
Bacteria have chromosome and ring of DNA (plasmids)... Scientist…
Genome: the complete set of gene organism material present in…
Although the project finished analysis of the date
Genetic modification
GMO: Genetically Modification Organism... is when genetic inform…
Gene splicing
Bacteria have chromosome and ring of DNA (plasmids)... Scientist…
31 terms
Gene Technology
polymerase chain reaction
restriction enzyme
gel electrophoresis
DNA fingerprint
a technique that is used to make many copies of selected segm…
an enzyme that cuts double-stranded DNA into fragments by rec…
a technique used to separate nucleic acids or proteins accord…
the pattern of bands that results when an individual's DNA sa…
polymerase chain reaction
a technique that is used to make many copies of selected segm…
restriction enzyme
an enzyme that cuts double-stranded DNA into fragments by rec…
11 terms
Gene Technology
gene
enhancer
transcription factor
intron
segment of DNA that codes for a specific protein
sequence of DNA that stops transcription
helps arrange RNA Polymerase on the "right" spot on the promo…
segments of nucleotides that have no coding information
gene
segment of DNA that codes for a specific protein
enhancer
sequence of DNA that stops transcription
9 terms
Gene Technology
mutation
karyotype
gene splicing
recombinant DNA
change in the DNA or mistake in DNA; can be good, can be bad,…
number and appearance of chromosomes or mapping out the chrom…
"cutting" DNA to add new sections of DNA
"combining" DNA from different organisms to get a desired trait
mutation
change in the DNA or mistake in DNA; can be good, can be bad,…
karyotype
number and appearance of chromosomes or mapping out the chrom…
10 terms
Gene technology
genome
gene
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
Recombinant DNA
all the genetic material in a single cell from an organism. I…
a length of DNA that codes for making one polypeptide or prot…
a process used by biologists to make large amounts of identic…
results from joining the DNA of two different species, e.g. b…
genome
all the genetic material in a single cell from an organism. I…
gene
a length of DNA that codes for making one polypeptide or prot…
27 terms
Genes and Gene Technology
DNA
James Watson & Francis Crick
Watson - Crick DNA Model
Nucleotide
The master molecule
Discovered the secret of DNA structure in the 1950's using Ro…
Double helix (Twisted Ladder)
Building block of DNA four types, each with a different base
DNA
The master molecule
James Watson & Francis Crick
Discovered the secret of DNA structure in the 1950's using Ro…
13 terms
Gene Technology
Adult Stem Cells
Differentiate
Embryonic Stem Cells
Gene splicing
cells that can make certain types of body cells
become different from others
cells found in the embryo that are capable of becoming any ce…
the process used to add a gene into or remove genes from DNA
Adult Stem Cells
cells that can make certain types of body cells
Differentiate
become different from others
24 terms
Gene Technology
Universal Genetic Code
transgenic organisms (GMO)
Plasmid
Restriction Enzymes
DNA sequence will code for same protein in all organisms
an organism into which DNA from a different organism has been…
A small, circular section of extra DNA that confers one or mo…
enzymes recognize and cut DNA within specific sequences calle…
Universal Genetic Code
DNA sequence will code for same protein in all organisms
transgenic organisms (GMO)
an organism into which DNA from a different organism has been…
14 terms
Gene Technology
Describe restriction enzymes (RE)
Describe the 3 key elements of a vecto…
Describe an expression vector
What is the pro of YAC and BAC vector…
-Recognize groups of bases, from 4-8 bases in length, in a sp…
Key elements:... 1. Restriction enzyme sites/nucleotide number... 2…
-A plasmid or virus vector designed so inserted DNA can be ex…
Pro: You can copy an entire chromosome... Con: This requires a…
Describe restriction enzymes (RE)
-Recognize groups of bases, from 4-8 bases in length, in a sp…
Describe the 3 key elements of a vecto…
Key elements:... 1. Restriction enzyme sites/nucleotide number... 2…
13 terms
Gene Technology
Restriction Enzymes
Gel Electrophoresis
DNA Fingerprinting
Gene Therapy
Restricts the DNA by cutting it at the sequence
Separates DNA by sorting out nucleic acids or proteins by siz…
Is the process of comparing two or more strands of DNA to ide…
the insertion of a "normal gene" to correct a genetic disorder
Restriction Enzymes
Restricts the DNA by cutting it at the sequence
Gel Electrophoresis
Separates DNA by sorting out nucleic acids or proteins by siz…
14 terms
Gene Technology
blunt ends
clone
DNA vaccine
gene therapy
flat ends left on DNA strands cut by restriction enzymes
an exact copy of a gene, cell, or whole organism
made from the DNA of a pathogen but doesn't cause disease; ca…
inserting a healthy gene to produce a normal protein that rep…
blunt ends
flat ends left on DNA strands cut by restriction enzymes
clone
an exact copy of a gene, cell, or whole organism
22 terms
Gene Technology
length polymorphism
VNTR
polymerase chain reaction
primer
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
A short nucleotide sequence that is organized as a repeat; ca…
technique that allows molecular biologists to make many copie…
a short segment of DNA that serves as the starting point for…
length polymorphism
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
VNTR
A short nucleotide sequence that is organized as a repeat; ca…
40 terms
Gene technology
Adenosine deaminase (ADA)
Adenoviruses
Antibiotic resistance
Antibody
An enzyme that destroys the toxins that would normally kill w…
Used to transfer genes into cells of the lung epithelial cell…
The development in populations of microorganism of mechanisms…
A protein produced by lymphocytes in response to the presence…
Adenosine deaminase (ADA)
An enzyme that destroys the toxins that would normally kill w…
Adenoviruses
Used to transfer genes into cells of the lung epithelial cell…
14 terms
Genes & Gene Technology
DNA
nucleotide
sugar & phosphate
sugar
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that determines i…
subunit of DNA; made of sugar, phosphate and a base
components of the sides of DNA
the component to which nucleotide bases attach
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that determines i…
nucleotide
subunit of DNA; made of sugar, phosphate and a base
52 terms
LS 6 - Genes and Gene Technology
DNA
adenine (A)
thymine (T)
guanine (G)
hereditary material that controls the cell and provides instr…
one of the four nitrogenous bases found in DNA; this base bon…
one of the four nitrogenous bases found in DNA; this base bon…
one of the four nitrogenous bases found in DNA; this base bon…
DNA
hereditary material that controls the cell and provides instr…
adenine (A)
one of the four nitrogenous bases found in DNA; this base bon…
24 terms
TPS 7 Science - Ch. 7 Genes and Gene Technology Chapter Review
a protein is a long string of ___. A s…
a disorder, such as cystic fibrosis, i…
a change in the order of bases in DNA…
____ is used to compare DNA of differe…
Amino adics, nucleotides
r recessive
mutation
DNA fingerprinting
a protein is a long string of ___. A s…
Amino adics, nucleotides
a disorder, such as cystic fibrosis, i…
r recessive
13 terms
TPS 7 Science - Ch. 7 Genes and Gene Technology Vocabulary
DNA
nucleotide
adenine
thymine
deoxyribonucleic acid; hereditary material thst controls all…
a subunit of DNA consisting of a sugar, a phosphate, and one…
one of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
one of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; hereditary material thst controls all…
nucleotide
a subunit of DNA consisting of a sugar, a phosphate, and one…
Gene Technology
Isolation (conversion of mRNA to cDNA…
Reverse transcriptase
Isolation (using restriction endonucle…
Insertion
mRNA is extracted from a cell that produces a specific protei…
Enzyme which catalyses the production of DNA from RNA
Each restriction enzyme cuts DNA at a specific recognition si…
Fragment of DNA is placed into a vector eg plasmid to be tran…
Isolation (conversion of mRNA to cDNA…
mRNA is extracted from a cell that produces a specific protei…
Reverse transcriptase
Enzyme which catalyses the production of DNA from RNA
8 terms
Science-Gene Technology (Unit 13-1)
What are some practical purposes scien…
How many people are genetically identi…
How much do humans deffer from each ot…
DNA identification does what?
*DNA Fingerprinting- Identifying criminals, victims, and pate…
None (but identical twins)
0.10%
"It compares DNA samples in regions of chromosomes that are k…
What are some practical purposes scien…
*DNA Fingerprinting- Identifying criminals, victims, and pate…
How many people are genetically identi…
None (but identical twins)
33 terms
Genes and Gene Technology
What is DNA?
What are nucleotides?
Name the 4 different DNA nucleotides.
What are the three parts of a nucleoti…
DNA is the hereditary material that controls all of the activ…
Nucleotides are the sub-units of DNA
Adenine... Thymine... Guanine... Cytosine
What is DNA?
DNA is the hereditary material that controls all of the activ…
What are nucleotides?
Nucleotides are the sub-units of DNA
Gene Technology
Chromosomes
Base Pairs
Central Dogma of Biology
Haploid
Thread like structures in the nucleus. Composed of DNA and pr…
A pair of bases that can join to make the rungs of the DNA la…
Provides basic framework for how genetic information flows fr…
Having a single set of unpaired chromosomes
Chromosomes
Thread like structures in the nucleus. Composed of DNA and pr…
Base Pairs
A pair of bases that can join to make the rungs of the DNA la…
17 terms
Grade 7 Genes and Gene Technology
DNA
nucleotide
The 4 Bases
adenine
deoxyribonucleic acid; makes up chromosomes; a molecule that…
a subunit of DNA that includes three parts: a sugar, a phosph…
adenine... thymine... cytosine... guanine
The base that pairs with thymine in DNA
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; makes up chromosomes; a molecule that…
nucleotide
a subunit of DNA that includes three parts: a sugar, a phosph…
25 terms
heredity - genes & gene technology
heredity
Gregor Mendel
dominate trait
recessive trait
-the passing of traits from parent to offspring, through repr…
-Austrian monk in the 1800's who studied dominate and recessi…
the trait observed when at least one dominate allele for a ch…
a trait that is apparent only when two recessive alleles for…
heredity
-the passing of traits from parent to offspring, through repr…
Gregor Mendel
-Austrian monk in the 1800's who studied dominate and recessi…
29 terms
TPS 7 Science - Ch. 7 Genes and Gene Technology Directed Reading
where are the chromosomes found in mos…
___ and ____ make up chromosomes
what two functions must rhe gene mater…
scientists thought that proteins carri…
nucleus
protein and DNA
1. to supply complex instructions for cell processes and for…
*proteins were complex molecules
where are the chromosomes found in mos…
nucleus
___ and ____ make up chromosomes
protein and DNA
12 terms
Ch. 4 Genes and Gene Technology
DNA
nucleotide
adenine
thymine
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A building block of DNA consisting of a base, a sugar, and a…
The base that pairs with thymine in DNA
The base that pairs with adenine in DNA
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
nucleotide
A building block of DNA consisting of a base, a sugar, and a…
10 terms
Genes and Genes Technology
DNA
nucleotide
adenine
thymine
deoxyribonucleic acid; hereditary material that controlsall t…
a subunit of DNA consisting of a sugar, a phosphate, and one…
one of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
one of the four bases that combine with sugar and phosphate t…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; hereditary material that controlsall t…
nucleotide
a subunit of DNA consisting of a sugar, a phosphate, and one…
26 terms
Gene technologies
What is genomics?
Why may understanding genomes be impor…
What are the reasons for comparing gen…
Explain the steps to sequence genomes.
The study of genomes - a whole set of genetic information in…
>DNA profiling ... >Genetic engineering... >Gene therapy
To show the evolutionary relationship between organisms.... See…
1. Genome mapping - Here micro-satellites (short runs of repe…
What is genomics?
The study of genomes - a whole set of genetic information in…
Why may understanding genomes be impor…
>DNA profiling ... >Genetic engineering... >Gene therapy
35 terms
Gene Technologies
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0KNqUw…
https:/https://www.youtube.com/watch?v…
biotechnology
DNA technology
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0KNqUwgqbZw
...
The manipulation of living organisms or their components to m…
The modern laboratory techniques used for studying and manipu…
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0KNqUw…
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0KNqUwgqbZw
https:/https://www.youtube.com/watch?v…
...
26 terms
Gene and Gene technology SAC
Phenotype
Genotype
Monohybrid cross
Dihybrid cross
The observable inherited characteristics of an organism are r…
A genotype is the particular site of alleles possessed by an…
A monohybrid cross is a cross between two individuals involvi…
A dihybrid cross is a cross between two individuals involving…
Phenotype
The observable inherited characteristics of an organism are r…
Genotype
A genotype is the particular site of alleles possessed by an…
19 terms
Gene technology
mitochondrial DNA
Restriction enzymes
Sticky ends
Electrophoresis
Circular DNA molecule, present in many copies in the mitochon…
An enzyme produced chiefly by certain bacteria, it has the ab…
A fragment of DNA cut into fragments using a restriction enzy…
A technique for sorting through an electric field a mixture o…
mitochondrial DNA
Circular DNA molecule, present in many copies in the mitochon…
Restriction enzymes
An enzyme produced chiefly by certain bacteria, it has the ab…
37 terms
Gene technology
Genetic engineering
Transgenic
Amplifying
Plasmids
A number of different processes for obtaining a specific gene…
An organism that contains DNA from another organism.
To make lots of copies of something.
Circular sections of DNA found in bacteria cells. They are a…
Genetic engineering
A number of different processes for obtaining a specific gene…
Transgenic
An organism that contains DNA from another organism.
24 terms
Gene Technology
Length polymorphism
Variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
Primer
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
sequences can repeat a few or many times in tandem
technique that is used to make many copies of selected segmen…
short, single-stranded fragment of DNA or RNA that is require…
Length polymorphism
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
Variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
sequences can repeat a few or many times in tandem
25 terms
GENE TECHNOLOGY
Polymerase chain reaction
Primers
Restriction enzymes
Gel electrophoresis
Technique that quickly produces many copies of a DNA fragment
Artificially made pieces of single-stranded DNA that are 20-3…
Used to cut long DNA molecules into shorter pieces
Separated nucleic acids or proteins according to size and cha…
Polymerase chain reaction
Technique that quickly produces many copies of a DNA fragment
Primers
Artificially made pieces of single-stranded DNA that are 20-3…
25 terms
Gene technology
Selective breeding
Inbreeding
Hybridization
Genetic engineering
O
I
I
I
Selective breeding
O
Inbreeding
I
8 terms
gene technology
genetic engineering
recombinant DNA
restriction enzymes
vector
manipulating genes for practical purposes
made from 2 or more different organisms
bacterial enzymes that recognize & bind to specific short seq…
an agent that is used to carry the gene of... interest into anot…
genetic engineering
manipulating genes for practical purposes
recombinant DNA
made from 2 or more different organisms
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