Study sets matching "science ap biology"

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Study sets matching "science ap biology"

32 terms
Science Practices for AP Biology
Science Practice 1
SP 1.1
SP 1.2
SP 1.3
The student can use representations and models to communicate…
The student can create representations and models of natural…
The student can describe representations and models of natura…
The student can refine representations and models of natural…
Science Practice 1
The student can use representations and models to communicate…
SP 1.1
The student can create representations and models of natural…
7 terms
7 Science Practices for AP Biology
Practice 1
Practice 2
Practice 3
Practice 4
use representations and models to communicate scientific phen…
use mathematics appropriately
engage in scientific questioning to extend thinking or to gui…
plan and implement data collection strategies appropriate to…
Practice 1
use representations and models to communicate scientific phen…
Practice 2
use mathematics appropriately
48 terms
Pre-AP Biology Nature of Science test
scalpel
thermometer
distilled water bottle
pipette
scalpel
thermometer
7 terms
7 Science Practices for AP Biology
Practice 1
Practice 2
Practice 3
Practice 4
use representations and models to communicate scientific phen…
use mathematics appropriately
engage in scientific questioning to extend thinking or to gui…
plan and implement data collection strategies appropriate to…
Practice 1
use representations and models to communicate scientific phen…
Practice 2
use mathematics appropriately
Science | Biology | AP Bio | Plant Vocab
Apical bud
Axillary bud
Blade
Compound leaf
The tip of a growing shoot
It's located at an upper angle formed by a leaf and the stem.
The flat and expanded part of a leaf
Multiple leaflets
Apical bud
The tip of a growing shoot
Axillary bud
It's located at an upper angle formed by a leaf and the stem.
AP Biology Chapter 1.3 science processes
Inductive reasoning
hypothesis
deductive reasoning
experimental group
derive generalizations based on a large number of specific ob…
a tentative answer to a well-framed question (explanation on…
from the general to the specific.
the group that is being manipulated. the group being experime…
Inductive reasoning
derive generalizations based on a large number of specific ob…
hypothesis
a tentative answer to a well-framed question (explanation on…
AP Biology-Wainwright: The Language of Science
a or an
meso
endo
aero
not or non
middle
inner, inside
needing oxygen or air
a or an
not or non
meso
middle
31 terms
AP Biology Ch.1-The Science Of Biology
Homeostasis
Atoms
Molecules
Organelles
Organisms maintain relatively constant internal conditions th…
The fundamental elements of matter
Atoms joined into clusters
Assembled tiny structures of complex biological molecules
Homeostasis
Organisms maintain relatively constant internal conditions th…
Atoms
The fundamental elements of matter
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
48 terms
Ch. 11 AP Environmental Science (Biodiversity and Conservation Biology)
Flagship Species
Siberian tiger
Rosy Periwinkle
Mass extinction
Especially interesting or attractive organisms that people re…
A tiger of a large and threatened race with a long thick coat…
Plant found to be effective in treating some forms of leukemi…
Period of time when global environmental changes lead to the…
Flagship Species
Especially interesting or attractive organisms that people re…
Siberian tiger
A tiger of a large and threatened race with a long thick coat…
771 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
56 terms
AP Environmental Science-Biology Review
organic vs inorganic
natural vs synthetic
kinetic vs potential energy
rocks vs minerals
organic- any molecule containing carbon... inorganic-any molecul…
natural-occurring in a plant, mineral, or animal source... synth…
potential-stored energy in an object due to position... kinetic-…
rock is made up of two or more minerals
organic vs inorganic
organic- any molecule containing carbon... inorganic-any molecul…
natural vs synthetic
natural-occurring in a plant, mineral, or animal source... synth…
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Cellular Repsiration
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
-process of using substances other than oxygen as reactants t…
-process for animal to breathe oxygen; aerobic + anaerobic... -C…
Fermentation
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
Aerobic Respiration
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
20 terms
AP Bio: Basic Biology and Science Concepts
The Scientific Method
The Engineering Design Model
Inquiry Based Science
Inductive vs. Deductive Reasoning
The Scientific Method is used for projects involving making o…
The Engineering Design Model is used for projects involving d…
Scientific inquiry is a system in which students learn how to…
Deductive reasoning begins with some statements, or premises,…
The Scientific Method
The Scientific Method is used for projects involving making o…
The Engineering Design Model
The Engineering Design Model is used for projects involving d…
83 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3
isomers
structural isomers
geometric isomers
enantiomers
compounds- same molecular formula, different structural formu…
differ in arrangement of atoms and often in location of doubl…
same covalent bonds, differ in arrangement around double bond
left and right handed (mirror images) of each other
isomers
compounds- same molecular formula, different structural formu…
structural isomers
differ in arrangement of atoms and often in location of doubl…
1,013 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
425 terms
AP Biology
Elements
Oxygen
Carbon
Hydrogen
Elements are substances that cannot be broken down into simpl…
Oxygen is an element with symbol O and atomic number 8. It is…
Carbon is an non mental element with symbol O and atomic numb…
Hydrogen is an element with symbol H and atomic number 1. Hyd…
Elements
Elements are substances that cannot be broken down into simpl…
Oxygen
Oxygen is an element with symbol O and atomic number 8. It is…
48 terms
Ch. 11 AP Environmental Science (Biodiversity and Conservation Biology)
Flagship Species
Siberian tiger
Rosy Periwinkle
Mass extinction
Especially interesting or attractive organisms that people re…
A tiger of a large and threatened race with a long thick coat…
Plant found to be effective in treating some forms of leukemi…
Period of time when global environmental changes lead to the…
Flagship Species
Especially interesting or attractive organisms that people re…
Siberian tiger
A tiger of a large and threatened race with a long thick coat…
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
148 terms
AP Biology Review
Dehydration
Hydrolysis
Disaccharides
Polysaccharides
connecting monomers together by the removal of water
disassembling polymers by the addition of water
glucose + glucose = maltose / glucose + fructose = sucrose /…
Plants: starch (energy) and cellulose (structure)... Animals: gl…
Dehydration
connecting monomers together by the removal of water
Hydrolysis
disassembling polymers by the addition of water
47 terms
AP Biology
Epistemology
Noble Gases
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bond
study of life through a lens
full of electrons in outer shell (perfect nuns)
both atoms are happier when bonded together (strongest bond)
one atom takes a positive charge while the other atom takes o…
Epistemology
study of life through a lens
Noble Gases
full of electrons in outer shell (perfect nuns)
66 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1
Evolution
DNA
Biology
Emergent properties
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
The scientific study of life
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Evolution
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
61 terms
AP Biology: Evolution
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Hardy-Weinberg Equation(s)
Gene flow
Refers to the changes in one gene pool of a population
The development of an entirely new species
p² + 2pq + q² =1
Migration of individual's alleles into or out of the populati…
Microevolution
Refers to the changes in one gene pool of a population
Macroevolution
The development of an entirely new species
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
100 terms
AP BIO - Science of Biology - Unit 1
Nature
Atoms
Molecules
Organism
everything in the universe except what humans have manufactured
fundamental building blocks of all substances
when atoms join together
an individual that consists of one or more cells
Nature
everything in the universe except what humans have manufactured
Atoms
fundamental building blocks of all substances
49 terms
AP Biology Evolution
homologous structures
vestigial structures
convergent evolution
Hardy-Weinberg
structures in different species that are similar because of c…
remnants of features that served important functions in the t…
the independent evolution of similar features in different li…
the frequencies of alleles and genotypes in a population will…
homologous structures
structures in different species that are similar because of c…
vestigial structures
remnants of features that served important functions in the t…
26 terms
AP Biology Chapter 23
microevolution
genetic variation
neutral variation
formation of genetic variation
evolution on its smallest scale
differences among individuals in the composition of their gen…
differences in DNA sequences that do not confer s selective a…
formation of new alleles, altering gene number of position, r…
microevolution
evolution on its smallest scale
genetic variation
differences among individuals in the composition of their gen…
41 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemistry
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:…
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen & relatively few ox…
monomer
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
27 terms
Ap Biology Cell Organelles
Chloroplast
Peroxisomes
Amyloplast
Chromoplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
Stores starch amylose and turns in into glucosec... some plant c…
Responsible for the colors in plant... 4 to 5 um... plant cells only
Chloroplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Peroxisomes
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
77 terms
AP Biology - Cells
plasma membrane
saturated fatty acid membrane
unsaturated fatty acid membrane
selectively permeable
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
packed tight; rigid membrane
not packed tight; flexible membrane
allows: small, unchanged, polar molecules; hydrophobic molecu…
plasma membrane
separates internal metabolic event; controls mvmnt of materials
saturated fatty acid membrane
packed tight; rigid membrane
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
20 terms
Cell Membrane - AP Biology
Selectively permeability
Osmosis
turgid
Amphipathic molecule
it allows some things to come through and some not
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
swollen as from a fluid; bloated
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
Selectively permeability
it allows some things to come through and some not
Osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
15 terms
AP Biology Chapter 11
signal transduction pathway
hormones
ligand
protein kinase
The process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converte…
Circulating chemical signals that are formed in specialized c…
A molecule that specifically binds to another molecule, often…
The enzyme that transfers phosphate groups from ATP to protein.
signal transduction pathway
The process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converte…
hormones
Circulating chemical signals that are formed in specialized c…
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
55 terms
AP Biology Chapter 17
Gene Expression
Transcription
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Translation
process by which DNA directs synthesis of proteins
-synthesis of RNA under direction of DNA... -DNA serves as templ…
RNA molecule that carries genetic message from DNA to protein…
-synthesis of polypeptide... -occurs under direction of mRNA... -ch…
Gene Expression
process by which DNA directs synthesis of proteins
Transcription
-synthesis of RNA under direction of DNA... -DNA serves as templ…
211 terms
Pre-AP Biology 9 Science Exam
Biology
organism
Characteristics of Life
Homeostasis
the study of life
any being that possesses all of the characteristics of life
cellular organization, Metabolism, Homeostasis, Reproduction,…
maintenance of internal stability
Biology
the study of life
organism
any being that possesses all of the characteristics of life
AP Biology: Community Ecology
community
commensalism
habitat
symbiosis
A group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
A relationship between two organisms of different species whe…
type of environment in which a species typically lives
A relationship in which two different organisms live in close…
community
A group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
commensalism
A relationship between two organisms of different species whe…
61 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
31 terms
(AP Biology) Chapter 26
Phylogeny
Systematics
Taxonomy
Binomial
Evolutionary history of a species or a group of species.
Focused on classifying organisms and determining their evolut…
How organisms are named and classified.
Genus + specific epithet(unique for each species in a genus).
Phylogeny
Evolutionary history of a species or a group of species.
Systematics
Focused on classifying organisms and determining their evolut…
14 terms
AP Biology Ch 1- The Science of Biology
Characteristics of living organisms
What is the basic unit of life
Cellular Organization
Organismal Level of Organization
1. composed of cells... 2. complex and highly ordered... 3. allow e…
the cell
atoms-> molecules-> organelles-> cells-> tissue
tissue-> organs-> organ system-> organisms
Characteristics of living organisms
1. composed of cells... 2. complex and highly ordered... 3. allow e…
What is the basic unit of life
the cell
21 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 45
Endocrine system
Paracrine
Local regulators
Autocrine
Secretes hormones into blood from ductless glands that coordi…
Signals act on cells near the secreting cell
Chemical signals that travel over short distances due to diff…
Signals act on the secreting cell itself (usually for apoptos…
Endocrine system
Secretes hormones into blood from ductless glands that coordi…
Paracrine
Signals act on cells near the secreting cell
41 terms
AP Biology
Light Microscope
Magnification
Resolution
Contrast
Microscope that passes visible light through the specimen and…
Ratio of an objects image size to its real size.
Measure of clarity of the image. It is the minimum distance t…
Accentuates different parts of the sample.
Light Microscope
Microscope that passes visible light through the specimen and…
Magnification
Ratio of an objects image size to its real size.
137 terms
Basic Biochemistry AP Biology
Catabolic pathways
Word Roots: an-
Word Roots: glyco-
Word Roots: -lysis
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
not (anaerobic: chemical reaction not using oxygen)
sweet;
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
Catabolic pathways
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
Word Roots: an-
not (anaerobic: chemical reaction not using oxygen)
762 terms
AP Biology Study Set
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
bioenergenetics
Begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
Metabolic pathways that release energy by breaking down compl…
Metabolic pathways that consume energy to build complicated m…
The study of how organisms manage their energy resources.
metabolic pathway
Begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
catabolic pathways
Metabolic pathways that release energy by breaking down compl…
41 terms
AP BIology DNA Replication
DNA Replication
Transformation
Bacteriophages
Virus
the process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
a change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of…
Viruses that infect bacteria... Bacteria eaters
infects a cell and takes over the cell's metabolic machinery
DNA Replication
the process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
Transformation
a change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of…
50 terms
AP Biology
Emergent Properites
Negative feedback
Prokaryotic cell
Electron Shell
Properties that a complex system has, but the individual memb…
A type of reaction in which a decrease in function occurs. Ov…
A cell without a nucleus, membranes, or cell organelles.
The area of the atom that surrounds the nucleus. Within each…
Emergent Properites
Properties that a complex system has, but the individual memb…
Negative feedback
A type of reaction in which a decrease in function occurs. Ov…
41 terms
AP Biology Cell Structure
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Organelle
Bacterial genome
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
"little organ" - compartmentalized structures that perform sp…
Very short, single circular chromosome that floats in the nuc…
Prokaryotic cell
Simple, no nucleus, many have cell wall with peptidoglycan, b…
Eukaryotic cell
Complex cell with a nucleus and many membrane-bound organelles
51 terms
AP Biology Energetics
Energy
First law of thermodynamics
Second law of thermodynamics
Gibbs free energy
the ability to cause change; ability to do work
energy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be converte…
any time energy is converted the entropy (disorder) of the un…
energy in a system that is available to do work
Energy
the ability to cause change; ability to do work
First law of thermodynamics
energy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be converte…
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