Study sets matching "science ap chemistry"

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Study sets matching "science ap chemistry"

AP Environmental Science: Chemistry
CO₂
P
CO
PO₄³
Carbon Dioxide
Phosphorus
Carbon Monoxide
Phosphate
CO₂
Carbon Dioxide
P
Phosphorus
Pre-Ap Science Chemistry
Kinetic Theory
Liquid State
Solid State
Thermal Energy
Explains the movement of gas particles... 1. All matter is compo…
The molecules in a substance are moving but have less kinetic…
Definite volume and shape... Molecules are moving very slowly
The total energy of a material's particles
Kinetic Theory
Explains the movement of gas particles... 1. All matter is compo…
Liquid State
The molecules in a substance are moving but have less kinetic…
72 terms
Chemistry Pre-Ap Chapter 1: The science of chemistry
Matter
Mass
Two groups of science
Biological science
Takes up space and has mass
Amount of matter
Biological and physical
Science concerned with the study of living things
Matter
Takes up space and has mass
Mass
Amount of matter
48 terms
AP Chemistry
Demokritus & Leucippos
What is an Atom?
Alchemists tried...
Robert Boyle
Matter is composed of tiny indivisible objects called "Atomos".
An atom is the smallest fundamental particle of matter that c…
to make gold through chemistry
1. first true quantitative experimenter... 2. est. the idea of e…
Demokritus & Leucippos
Matter is composed of tiny indivisible objects called "Atomos".
What is an Atom?
An atom is the smallest fundamental particle of matter that c…
41 terms
Science 10-1 AP Science: Chemistry
WHMIS
WHMIS symbols
MSDS
Physical Properties
Workplace Hazerdous Materials Information System
Compressed Gas... Flammable & Combustible Materials... Oxodizing Ma…
Materials Safety Data Sheet
Boiling/Condensation Point... Melting/Freezing Point... Malleabilit…
WHMIS
Workplace Hazerdous Materials Information System
WHMIS symbols
Compressed Gas... Flammable & Combustible Materials... Oxodizing Ma…
148 terms
AP Chemistry
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
Hydrogen
He
Helium
75 terms
Chemistry & Physics- 8th Grade Pre-AP Science
Neutron
Proton
Electron
Valence electrons
Large mass subatomic particle with no charge located in the n…
Large mass subatomic particle with positive charge located in…
Little to no mass subatomic particle located outside the nucl…
The electrons on the outer valence shell
Neutron
Large mass subatomic particle with no charge located in the n…
Proton
Large mass subatomic particle with positive charge located in…
AP Chemistry Chapter 4
aqueous solution
solution
solvent
solute
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
substance present in the greatest quantity and the one the di…
the substances in a solution that are being dissolved (of the…
aqueous solution
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
solution
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
35 terms
AP Chemistry Nuclear Chemistry
radioactivity
radiation
radioisotopes
alpha particle
the process by which materials give off rays emitted by urani…
the penetrating rays and particles emitted by a radioactive s…
the nuclei of unstable isotopes
particle emitted by a radioactive source that contains two pr…
radioactivity
the process by which materials give off rays emitted by urani…
radiation
the penetrating rays and particles emitted by a radioactive s…
72 terms
AP Chemistry Thermodyanmics
1st Law of Thermodynamics
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
state function
energy released
energy of universe is constant
process spontaneous in one direction can't be spontaneous in…
∆H, ∆S, ∆G
bonds formed; exothermic
1st Law of Thermodynamics
energy of universe is constant
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
process spontaneous in one direction can't be spontaneous in…
8 terms
AP Chemistry Organic Chemistry
alcohol
halide
organic acid
amine
O-H bonded to C... polar
halogen bonded to C
carboxyl (COOH) bonded to C chain... acidic
amine (NH2) bonded to C... basic
alcohol
O-H bonded to C... polar
halide
halogen bonded to C
32 terms
AP CHEMISTRY
John Dalton's atomic theory
Henry Becquerel (1896)
J. J. Thompson (1897)
Goldstein (1886)
1. All matter is made up of atoms (T)... 2. Atoms of a given ele…
Accomplishment: observed radioactive decay of U... Significance…
Accomplishment: discovered electrons by experimenting with th…
While experimenting with Cathode Ray tube, he discovered the…
John Dalton's atomic theory
1. All matter is made up of atoms (T)... 2. Atoms of a given ele…
Henry Becquerel (1896)
Accomplishment: observed radioactive decay of U... Significance…
51 terms
AP Chemistry Thermodyanmics
1st Law of Thermodynamics
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
state function
energy released
energy of universe is constant
process spontaneous in one direction can't be spontaneous in…
∆H, ∆S, ∆G
bonds formed; exothermic
1st Law of Thermodynamics
energy of universe is constant
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
process spontaneous in one direction can't be spontaneous in…
9 terms
AP Science - Chemistry Quiz 1
An object will float in a liquid if it…
A neutral substance had a pH _____ 7
The pH range for an acid is _______ 7
Sugar, C6H12O6, is known as a
Less dense than the liquid
Near
Above
Compound
An object will float in a liquid if it…
Less dense than the liquid
A neutral substance had a pH _____ 7
Near
51 terms
Ch. 4 AP Environmental Science (Chemistry to Energy to Life)
Bioremediation
matter
Law of conservation of energy
Law of conservation of matter
The act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microor…
anything that occupies space and has mass
The law that states that energy cannot be created or destroye…
The idea that matter is neither created nor destroyed in only…
Bioremediation
The act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microor…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
Intermolecular forces-AP Chemistry
dipole
dipole moment
hydrogen bonds
London Dispersion forces
a molecule that has two poles, or regions, with opposite char…
the charge on a molecule is not evenly shared (ex. water)
type of molecular attraction in which a hydrogen atom covalen…
The intermolecular attractions resulting from the constant mo…
dipole
a molecule that has two poles, or regions, with opposite char…
dipole moment
the charge on a molecule is not evenly shared (ex. water)
51 terms
Ch. 4 AP Environmental Science (Chemistry to Energy to Life)
Bioremediation
matter
Law of conservation of energy
Law of conservation of matter
The act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microor…
anything that occupies space and has mass
The law that states that energy cannot be created or destroye…
The idea that matter is neither created nor destroyed in only…
Bioremediation
The act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microor…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
Ap Chemistry Equilibrium
Equilibrium constant
K>1
Forward reaction
Reverse reaction
k=products-reactants
Forward reaction is favored
Reactants to Products
Products to reactants
Equilibrium constant
k=products-reactants
K>1
Forward reaction is favored
5 terms
AP Chemistry: The Central Science 11E
Absorption spectrum
accuracy
acid
acid-dissociation constant (K_a)
A patteren of vatiatino in the amount of light absorbed by a…
a measure of how closely individual measurements agree with t…
a substanve that is able ot donate a H+ ion (a proton) andhen…
...
Absorption spectrum
A patteren of vatiatino in the amount of light absorbed by a…
accuracy
a measure of how closely individual measurements agree with t…
167 terms
AP Chemistry
mass spectrometry
percent composition
empirical formula
molecular formula
-can be used to determine the mass of various isotopes of a s…
mass of element / mass of compound
simplest ratio of a compound
actual formula for a substance
mass spectrometry
-can be used to determine the mass of various isotopes of a s…
percent composition
mass of element / mass of compound
52 terms
Chemistry Grade 9 Science
WHMIS
Toxic
mass
matter
Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System
the amount of matter in a substance or an object
anything that has mass and volume
WHMIS
Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System
Toxic
16 terms
AP Chemistry Polyatomic Ions
acetate
ammonium
bromate
carbonate
acetate
ammonium
103 terms
Ap Chemistry
Aluminum
Antimony(III)
Antimony(V)
Barium
Al(3+)
Sb(3+)
Sb(5+)
Ba(2+)
Aluminum
Al(3+)
Antimony(III)
Sb(3+)
AP Chemistry: Lab Equipment
Erlenmeyer Flask
Volumetric Flask
Graduated Cylinder
Burner
Erlenmeyer Flask
Volumetric Flask
Pre-ap science unit 3 chemistry
Oxidation number
Binary compound
Polyatomic ion
Hydrate
positive or negative numbers that indicates how many electron…
Compound that's composed of 2 elements
Positively or negatively charged covalently bonded group of a…
Compound that has water chemically attached to its atoms and…
Oxidation number
positive or negative numbers that indicates how many electron…
Binary compound
Compound that's composed of 2 elements
22 terms
Chemistry Pre-AP Chapter 1 The Science of Chemistry
matter
two groups of science
botany
microbiology
takes up space and has mass (does not deal with gravity) (mas…
biological science & physical science
study of plants
study of microorganisms
matter
takes up space and has mass (does not deal with gravity) (mas…
two groups of science
biological science & physical science
245 terms
AP chemistry
number atoms in one mole
unit for area
unit for volume
are thickness and height the same thin…
6.02 × 10 ²³
cm²
cm³ and ml
yes
number atoms in one mole
6.02 × 10 ²³
unit for area
cm²
28 terms
AP Chemistry: Bonding
Bent
Bent
Tetrahedral
Octahedral
Polar... sp2... 120 degrees
Polar... sp3... 104.5 degrees
Nonpolar... sp3... 109.5 degrees
Nonpolar... Sp3d2... 90 degrees
Bent
Polar... sp2... 120 degrees
Bent
Polar... sp3... 104.5 degrees
AP Chemistry - Exam Review
Heisenberg uncertainty principle
Pauli exclusion principle
Hund's rule
Shielding effect
states that it is impossible to know simultaneously the exact…
two or more identical fermions (particles with half-integer s…
every orbital in a subshell is singly occupied with one elect…
describes the attraction between an electron and the nucleus…
Heisenberg uncertainty principle
states that it is impossible to know simultaneously the exact…
Pauli exclusion principle
two or more identical fermions (particles with half-integer s…
41 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemistry
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:…
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen & relatively few ox…
monomer
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
AP Chemistry Chapter 2
Composition of an atom based + - =
Give approx. size, relative mass, and…
Millikan's oil drop
Rutherford's gold-foil
The atom consists of a tiny nucleus surrounded by moving elec…
...
Small drops of oil w/ eletric charges fell between two electr…
Shot particles through gold-foil and noted the angles which t…
Composition of an atom based + - =
The atom consists of a tiny nucleus surrounded by moving elec…
Give approx. size, relative mass, and…
...
17 terms
AP Chemistry acids
Hf
HCI
HBr
H2S
Hydrofluoric acid
hydrochloric acid
Hydrobromic acid
hydrosulfuric acid
Hf
Hydrofluoric acid
HCI
hydrochloric acid
Chemistry Vocabulary 8th grade Alejandro AP Science
chemical equation
conservation of mass
balance equation
yields
A written representation of a chemical reaction, in which the…
States that mass in an isolated system is neither created nor…
Add up the elements on each side of the equation. The number…
The amount of product obtained in a chemical reaction.
chemical equation
A written representation of a chemical reaction, in which the…
conservation of mass
States that mass in an isolated system is neither created nor…
AP Chemistry
Borate
Chromate
Dichromate
Permanganate
Borate
Chromate
Acree Science Pre-AP Carbon Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbon Types
Meth-
Eth-
Molecules made entirely from carbon and hydrogen
Alkanes - all single bonds... Alkenes - at least one double bond…
1
2
Hydrocarbons
Molecules made entirely from carbon and hydrogen
Hydrocarbon Types
Alkanes - all single bonds... Alkenes - at least one double bond…
26 terms
AP Chemistry: Equilibrium
Activation Energy
Transition State
Activated Complex
Potential Energy Diagram
the difference between the starting energy of the reactants a…
the brief moment in which reactants are in the process of tur…
the temporary, unstable substance that forms during the trans…
shows how the energy stored in the bonds of reactants and pro…
Activation Energy
the difference between the starting energy of the reactants a…
Transition State
the brief moment in which reactants are in the process of tur…
21 terms
Graphs Review Pre and AP Chemistry
First order reaction
Second order reaction
Zero order reaction
Boyle's Law
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is ln[A]…
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is 1/[A]…
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is [A] v…
Topic applied to: Gas laws... What to look for: ... Y axis is V (Vo…
First order reaction
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is ln[A]…
Second order reaction
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is 1/[A]…
73 terms
AP Chemistry: Essential Elements
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
AP Bio Unit 1: Nature of Science & Chemistry
amphipathic
buffers
carbonic acid
tetravalence
molecules have both polar and nonpolar regions
minimize changes in the concentration of H+ and OH-
most important buffer for maintaining acid-base balance in th…
carbon has 4 valence electrons
amphipathic
molecules have both polar and nonpolar regions
buffers
minimize changes in the concentration of H+ and OH-
40 terms
AP Chemistry: Lab Equipment
Erlenmeyer Flask
Volumetric Flask
Graduated Cylinder
Burner
Erlenmeyer Flask
Volumetric Flask
38 terms
Chapter 1 AP Chemistry
matter
macroscopic world
microscopic world
fundamental concepts of chemistry
consists of individual atoms... anything occupying space and hav…
the world that we can see
world of atoms and molecules
- matter is composed of various types of atoms ... - one substan…
matter
consists of individual atoms... anything occupying space and hav…
macroscopic world
the world that we can see
AP Chemistry Solubility Rules
nitrates
acetates
chlorates
chlorides
soluble
soluble (silver acetate only slightly soluble)
soluble
soluble except with Hg(I), Ag+, and Pb(II)
nitrates
soluble
acetates
soluble (silver acetate only slightly soluble)
14 terms
Intermolecular forces-AP Chemistry
dipole
dipole moment
hydrogen bonds
London Dispersion forces
a molecule that has two poles, or regions, with opposite char…
the charge on a molecule is not evenly shared (ex. water)
type of molecular attraction in which a hydrogen atom covalen…
The intermolecular attractions resulting from the constant mo…
dipole
a molecule that has two poles, or regions, with opposite char…
dipole moment
the charge on a molecule is not evenly shared (ex. water)
AP Chemistry Gas Laws
Diffusion
Effusion
(Kinetic Molecular Theory) The higher…
(Kinetic Molecular Theory) The higher…
when gas particles go from a high amount of itself to a low a…
The escape of gas molecules through a tiny whole into a evacu…
slower
slower
Diffusion
when gas particles go from a high amount of itself to a low a…
Effusion
The escape of gas molecules through a tiny whole into a evacu…
39 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 2
law of conservation of mass
law of definite proportion
law of multiple proportion
Avogadro's hypothesis
the law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
a given compound always contains exactly the same proportion…
when two elements form a series of compounds, the ratios of t…
at the same temperature and pressure, equal volumes of differ…
law of conservation of mass
the law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
law of definite proportion
a given compound always contains exactly the same proportion…
73 terms
AP Chemistry Final Review
State Symbols
Real Gas vs. Ideal Gas
Oxidation vs. Reduction
Arrhenius Acids and Bases
Solid (s)... Liquid (l)... Gas (g)... Precipitate (s)... Solution (aq)
Ideal: low pressure, high temperature, don't have any attract…
Oxidation: the loss of electrons/atom increases in oxidation…
Acid: Produces H30 by releasing H... Base: Produces OH by releas…
State Symbols
Solid (s)... Liquid (l)... Gas (g)... Precipitate (s)... Solution (aq)
Real Gas vs. Ideal Gas
Ideal: low pressure, high temperature, don't have any attract…
AP Chemistry Chapter 6
Speed of light
Wavelengths from longest to shortest
The four characteristics that describe…
Amplitude of a wave
3.0 x 10^8 m/s
Long radio waves, radio waves (AM, FM), microwaves, infrared…
Amplitude, wavelength, frequency, and speed.
The height of a wave from the origin to the crest or peak.
Speed of light
3.0 x 10^8 m/s
Wavelengths from longest to shortest
Long radio waves, radio waves (AM, FM), microwaves, infrared…
26 terms
AP Chemistry Chapter 8
bond energy
ionic bonding
ionic compound
Coulomb's Law
the energy required to break a given chemical bond
the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions
a compound that results when a metal reacts with a nonmetal t…
E = 2.31 x 10^-19 (Q1Q2 / r) where E is the energy of interac…
bond energy
the energy required to break a given chemical bond
ionic bonding
the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions
40 terms
AP Biology - Basic Chemistry
Matter
Energy
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Atom
Anything that has mass and occupies space
The ability to do work; comes in many forms - kinetic, potent…
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
The most basic unit of matter; the smallest particle of an el…
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space
Energy
The ability to do work; comes in many forms - kinetic, potent…
27 terms
AP Chemistry Ch 4
solution
solvent
solute
electrolyte
a homogenous mixture of two or more substances
substance that does the dissolving
substance that is dissolved
substance whose aqueous solutions contain ions
solution
a homogenous mixture of two or more substances
solvent
substance that does the dissolving
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