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Study sets matching "science ap chemistry"

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Study sets matching "science ap chemistry"

26 terms
Pre-AP Science (chemistry)
atomic number
atomic mass
mass number
alkali metals
protons
The average mass of all the isotopes, in amu, of an element (…
protons+neutrons
group 1, soft and silvery, reactive with halogens (Li, Na, K)…
atomic number
protons
atomic mass
The average mass of all the isotopes, in amu, of an element (…
37 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chemistry
CO₂
P
CO
PO₄³
Carbon Dioxide
Phosphorus
Carbon Monoxide
Phosphate
CO₂
Carbon Dioxide
P
Phosphorus
Pre-Ap Science Chemistry
Kinetic Theory
Liquid State
Solid State
Thermal Energy
Explains the movement of gas particles... 1. All matter is compo…
The molecules in a substance are moving but have less kinetic…
Definite volume and shape... Molecules are moving very slowly
The total energy of a material's particles
Kinetic Theory
Explains the movement of gas particles... 1. All matter is compo…
Liquid State
The molecules in a substance are moving but have less kinetic…
40 terms
Chemistry Chapter 11 AP Chemistry the central science
Intermolecular Forces
Gases
Liquid
Solid
The forces that exist between molecules
Assumes both volume and shape of its container... Expands to fil…
Assumes shape of portion of container it occupies... Does not ex…
Retains own shape and Volume... Doesn't expand to fill its conta…
Intermolecular Forces
The forces that exist between molecules
Gases
Assumes both volume and shape of its container... Expands to fil…
72 terms
Chemistry Pre-Ap Chapter 1: The science of chemistry
Matter
Mass
Two groups of science
Biological science
Takes up space and has mass
Amount of matter
Biological and physical
Science concerned with the study of living things
Matter
Takes up space and has mass
Mass
Amount of matter
9 terms
AP Science - Chemistry Quiz 1
An object will float in a liquid if it…
A neutral substance had a pH _____ 7
The pH range for an acid is _______ 7
Sugar, C6H12O6, is known as a
Less dense than the liquid
Near
Above
Compound
An object will float in a liquid if it…
Less dense than the liquid
A neutral substance had a pH _____ 7
Near
AP Chemistry Chapter 4
aqueous solution
solution
solvent
solute
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
substance present in the greatest quantity and the one the di…
the substances in a solution that are being dissolved (of the…
aqueous solution
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
solution
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
167 terms
AP Chemistry
mass spectrometry
percent composition
empirical formula
molecular formula
-can be used to determine the mass of various isotopes of a s…
mass of element / mass of compound
simplest ratio of a compound
actual formula for a substance
mass spectrometry
-can be used to determine the mass of various isotopes of a s…
percent composition
mass of element / mass of compound
48 terms
AP Chemistry
Demokritus & Leucippos
What is an Atom?
Alchemists tried...
Robert Boyle
Matter is composed of tiny indivisible objects called "Atomos".
An atom is the smallest fundamental particle of matter that c…
to make gold through chemistry
1. first true quantitative experimenter... 2. est. the idea of e…
Demokritus & Leucippos
Matter is composed of tiny indivisible objects called "Atomos".
What is an Atom?
An atom is the smallest fundamental particle of matter that c…
16 terms
AP Chemistry Polyatomic Ions
acetate
ammonium
bromate
carbonate
acetate
ammonium
41 terms
Science 10-1 AP Science: Chemistry
WHMIS
WHMIS symbols
MSDS
Physical Properties
Workplace Hazerdous Materials Information System
Compressed Gas... Flammable & Combustible Materials... Oxodizing Ma…
Materials Safety Data Sheet
Boiling/Condensation Point... Melting/Freezing Point... Malleabilit…
WHMIS
Workplace Hazerdous Materials Information System
WHMIS symbols
Compressed Gas... Flammable & Combustible Materials... Oxodizing Ma…
51 terms
AP Chemistry Thermodyanmics
1st Law of Thermodynamics
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
state function
energy released
energy of universe is constant
process spontaneous in one direction can't be spontaneous in…
∆H, ∆S, ∆G
bonds formed; exothermic
1st Law of Thermodynamics
energy of universe is constant
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
process spontaneous in one direction can't be spontaneous in…
245 terms
AP chemistry
number atoms in one mole
unit for area
unit for volume
are thickness and height the same thin…
6.02 × 10 ²³
cm²
cm³ and ml
yes
number atoms in one mole
6.02 × 10 ²³
unit for area
cm²
14 terms
Intermolecular forces-AP Chemistry
dipole
dipole moment
hydrogen bonds
London Dispersion forces
a molecule that has two poles, or regions, with opposite char…
the charge on a molecule is not evenly shared (ex. water)
type of molecular attraction in which a hydrogen atom covalen…
The intermolecular attractions resulting from the constant mo…
dipole
a molecule that has two poles, or regions, with opposite char…
dipole moment
the charge on a molecule is not evenly shared (ex. water)
148 terms
AP Chemistry
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
Hydrogen
He
Helium
51 terms
Ch. 4 AP Environmental Science (Chemistry to Energy to Life)
Bioremediation
matter
Law of conservation of energy
Law of conservation of matter
The act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microor…
anything that occupies space and has mass
The law that states that energy cannot be created or destroye…
The idea that matter is neither created nor destroyed in only…
Bioremediation
The act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microor…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
72 terms
AP Chemistry Thermodyanmics
1st Law of Thermodynamics
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
state function
energy released
energy of universe is constant
process spontaneous in one direction can't be spontaneous in…
∆H, ∆S, ∆G
bonds formed; exothermic
1st Law of Thermodynamics
energy of universe is constant
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
process spontaneous in one direction can't be spontaneous in…
8 terms
AP Chemistry Organic Chemistry
alcohol
halide
organic acid
amine
O-H bonded to C... polar
halogen bonded to C
carboxyl (COOH) bonded to C chain... acidic
amine (NH2) bonded to C... basic
alcohol
O-H bonded to C... polar
halide
halogen bonded to C
40 terms
AP Chemistry: Lab Equipment
Erlenmeyer Flask
Volumetric Flask
Graduated Cylinder
Burner
Erlenmeyer Flask
Volumetric Flask
35 terms
AP Chemistry Nuclear Chemistry
radioactivity
radiation
radioisotopes
alpha particle
the process by which materials give off rays emitted by urani…
the penetrating rays and particles emitted by a radioactive s…
the nuclei of unstable isotopes
particle emitted by a radioactive source that contains two pr…
radioactivity
the process by which materials give off rays emitted by urani…
radiation
the penetrating rays and particles emitted by a radioactive s…
45 terms
AP Chemistry: 02: Bonding
Electrostatic
Coulomb's
F = k |q₁q₂| / r²
Electrostatic
all bonds occur due to ___ attractions
electrostatic forces are governed by ___ law
write the equation for Coulomb' s law... F = electrostatic force…
an ionic solid is held together by the ___ attraction between…
Electrostatic
all bonds occur due to ___ attractions
Coulomb's
electrostatic forces are governed by ___ law
51 terms
Ch. 4 AP Environmental Science (Chemistry to Energy to Life)
Bioremediation
matter
Law of conservation of energy
Law of conservation of matter
The act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microor…
anything that occupies space and has mass
The law that states that energy cannot be created or destroye…
The idea that matter is neither created nor destroyed in only…
Bioremediation
The act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microor…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
AP Environmental Science Chapter 2: Chemistry
Acid
Kinetic energy
Atomic number
Law of conservation of matter
A substance that contributes hydrogen ions to a -solution.
The energy of motion.
The number of protons in the nucleus of a -particular element.
A law of nature stating that matter cannot be created or dest…
Acid
A substance that contributes hydrogen ions to a -solution.
Kinetic energy
The energy of motion.
12 terms
Chemistry Vocabulary 8th grade Alejandro AP Science
chemical equation
conservation of mass
balance equation
yields
A written representation of a chemical reaction, in which the…
States that mass in an isolated system is neither created nor…
Add up the elements on each side of the equation. The number…
The amount of product obtained in a chemical reaction.
chemical equation
A written representation of a chemical reaction, in which the…
conservation of mass
States that mass in an isolated system is neither created nor…
75 terms
Chemistry & Physics- 8th Grade Pre-AP Science
Neutron
Proton
Electron
Valence electrons
Large mass subatomic particle with no charge located in the n…
Large mass subatomic particle with positive charge located in…
Little to no mass subatomic particle located outside the nucl…
The electrons on the outer valence shell
Neutron
Large mass subatomic particle with no charge located in the n…
Proton
Large mass subatomic particle with positive charge located in…
46 terms
AP Chemistry Ions and Polyatomic Ions
Ammonium
Cadmium
Barium
Cesium
Ammonium
Cadmium
28 terms
AP Chemistry: Bonding
Bent
Bent
Tetrahedral
Octahedral
Polar... sp2... 120 degrees
Polar... sp3... 104.5 degrees
Nonpolar... sp3... 109.5 degrees
Nonpolar... Sp3d2... 90 degrees
Bent
Polar... sp2... 120 degrees
Bent
Polar... sp3... 104.5 degrees
26 terms
AP Chemistry: Equilibrium
Activation Energy
Transition State
Activated Complex
Potential Energy Diagram
the difference between the starting energy of the reactants a…
the brief moment in which reactants are in the process of tur…
the temporary, unstable substance that forms during the trans…
shows how the energy stored in the bonds of reactants and pro…
Activation Energy
the difference between the starting energy of the reactants a…
Transition State
the brief moment in which reactants are in the process of tur…
57 terms
AP Chemistry Big idea #1
Molecules in a mole
PV=
Gas constant R
Molarity
6.022 x 10²³
nRT
.0821 L-atm/mol-K
Moles/Liters of solution
Molecules in a mole
6.022 x 10²³
PV=
nRT
41 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemistry
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:…
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen & relatively few ox…
monomer
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
57 terms
AP Chemistry Big idea #1 --
Molecules in a mole
PV=
Gas constant R
Molarity
6.022 x 10²³
nRT
.0821 L-atm/mol-K
Moles/Liters of solution
Molecules in a mole
6.022 x 10²³
PV=
nRT
21 terms
Graphs Review Pre and AP Chemistry
First order reaction
Second order reaction
Zero order reaction
Boyle's Law
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is ln[A]…
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is 1/[A]…
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is [A] v…
Topic applied to: Gas laws... What to look for: ... Y axis is V (Vo…
First order reaction
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is ln[A]…
Second order reaction
Topic applied to: Kinetics... What to look for: ... Y axis is 1/[A]…
56 terms
AP Bio - Chemistry Basics
Proton - Positive... Neutron - Neutral... El…
Molecule
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
What are the three components of the atom and their charges?
What is the term used to describe groups of two or more atoms…
What is the term used to describe a bond that forms between t…
What is the term used to describe a bond in which electrons a…
Proton - Positive... Neutron - Neutral... El…
What are the three components of the atom and their charges?
Molecule
What is the term used to describe groups of two or more atoms…
16 terms
Pre-ap science unit 3 chemistry
Oxidation number
Binary compound
Polyatomic ion
Hydrate
positive or negative numbers that indicates how many electron…
Compound that's composed of 2 elements
Positively or negatively charged covalently bonded group of a…
Compound that has water chemically attached to its atoms and…
Oxidation number
positive or negative numbers that indicates how many electron…
Binary compound
Compound that's composed of 2 elements
52 terms
AP Bio - Chemistry Unit
Proton - Positive... Neutron - Neutral... El…
Molecule
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
The three components of the atom and their charges.
Groups of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
A bond that forms between two atoms when one or more electron…
A bond in which electrons are shared
Proton - Positive... Neutron - Neutral... El…
The three components of the atom and their charges.
Molecule
Groups of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
22 terms
Chemistry Pre-AP Chapter 1 The Science of Chemistry
matter
two groups of science
botany
microbiology
takes up space and has mass (does not deal with gravity) (mas…
biological science & physical science
study of plants
study of microorganisms
matter
takes up space and has mass (does not deal with gravity) (mas…
two groups of science
biological science & physical science
53 terms
AP Biology - Chemistry Review
matter
element
atom
saturated
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
The smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
Fat with the maximum number of hydrogens in one or more of it…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
16 terms
AP Chemistry Metric Prefixes
peta P
tera T
giga G
mega M
10¹⁵
10¹²
10⁹
10⁶
peta P
10¹⁵
tera T
10¹²
14 terms
Intermolecular forces-AP Chemistry
dipole
dipole moment
hydrogen bonds
London Dispersion forces
a molecule that has two poles, or regions, with opposite char…
the charge on a molecule is not evenly shared (ex. water)
type of molecular attraction in which a hydrogen atom covalen…
The intermolecular attractions resulting from the constant mo…
dipole
a molecule that has two poles, or regions, with opposite char…
dipole moment
the charge on a molecule is not evenly shared (ex. water)
243 terms
AP chemistry
number atoms in one mole
unit for area
unit for volume
are thickness and height the same thin…
6.02 × 10 ²³
cm²
cm³ and ml
yes
number atoms in one mole
6.02 × 10 ²³
unit for area
cm²
24 terms
AP Biology - Basic Chemistry
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Structure of an Atom
Ion
Cation
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
Consists of mostly empty space; Protons (+) and neutrons (0)…
An atom with a positive or negative electric charge
An atom that lost electrons and therefore has a positive char…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
Structure of an Atom
Consists of mostly empty space; Protons (+) and neutrons (0)…
27 terms
AP Chemistry
Borate
Chromate
Dichromate
Permanganate
Borate
Chromate
AP Chemistry Chapter 2
Composition of an atom based + - =
Give approx. size, relative mass, and…
Millikan's oil drop
Rutherford's gold-foil
The atom consists of a tiny nucleus surrounded by moving elec…
...
Small drops of oil w/ eletric charges fell between two electr…
Shot particles through gold-foil and noted the angles which t…
Composition of an atom based + - =
The atom consists of a tiny nucleus surrounded by moving elec…
Give approx. size, relative mass, and…
...
Acree Science Pre-AP Carbon Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbon Types
Meth-
Eth-
Molecules made entirely from carbon and hydrogen
Alkanes - all single bonds... Alkenes - at least one double bond…
1
2
Hydrocarbons
Molecules made entirely from carbon and hydrogen
Hydrocarbon Types
Alkanes - all single bonds... Alkenes - at least one double bond…
243 terms
AP chemistry
number atoms in one mole
unit for area
unit for volume
are thickness and height the same thin…
6.02 × 10 ²³
cm²
cm³ and ml
yes
number atoms in one mole
6.02 × 10 ²³
unit for area
cm²
54 terms
AP Environmental Science Prerequisite Chemistry/Biology review
Organic vs inorganic compounds
Natural vs synthetic
Kinetic vs potential energy
Radioactive decay
Carbon (specifically, carbon backbone with hydrogens) vs no c…
Produced by nature without humans vs produced by humans witho…
Energy of motion vs unreleased stored energy
Material released from nucleus
Organic vs inorganic compounds
Carbon (specifically, carbon backbone with hydrogens) vs no c…
Natural vs synthetic
Produced by nature without humans vs produced by humans witho…
40 terms
AP Biology - Basic Chemistry
Matter
Energy
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Atom
Anything that has mass and occupies space
The ability to do work; comes in many forms - kinetic, potent…
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
The most basic unit of matter; the smallest particle of an el…
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space
Energy
The ability to do work; comes in many forms - kinetic, potent…
50 terms
AP Chemistry Big Idea #5
temperature
heat transfer
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
a measure of the average kinetic energy of atoms and molecules.
transfer of kinetic energy from a warmer body to a cooler body
Energy is neither created nor destroyed, but only transformed…
Every energy transformation increases the entropy of the univ…
temperature
a measure of the average kinetic energy of atoms and molecules.
heat transfer
transfer of kinetic energy from a warmer body to a cooler body
32 terms
AP CHEMISTRY
John Dalton's atomic theory
Henry Becquerel (1896)
J. J. Thompson (1897)
Goldstein (1886)
1. All matter is made up of atoms (T)... 2. Atoms of a given ele…
Accomplishment: observed radioactive decay of U... Significance…
Accomplishment: discovered electrons by experimenting with th…
While experimenting with Cathode Ray tube, he discovered the…
John Dalton's atomic theory
1. All matter is made up of atoms (T)... 2. Atoms of a given ele…
Henry Becquerel (1896)
Accomplishment: observed radioactive decay of U... Significance…
23 terms
Acree Science Pre-AP Carbon Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbon Types
Meth-
Eth-
Molecules made entirely from carbon and hydrogen
Alkanes - all single bonds... Alkenes - at least one double bond…
1
2
Hydrocarbons
Molecules made entirely from carbon and hydrogen
Hydrocarbon Types
Alkanes - all single bonds... Alkenes - at least one double bond…
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