Study sets matching "science astronomy 8"

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Study sets matching "science astronomy 8"

28 terms
Science 8-ILS/Astronomy Review
astronomy
axis
rotation
1 rotation of the earth =
The study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
An imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
The spinning of Earth on its axis
1 day (around its axis)
astronomy
The study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
axis
An imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
30 terms
Science 8 Astronomy
Tides
Revolution
Autumnal Equinox
Phases
Daily changes in the ocean level... Caused by gravitational pull…
1 complete motion around the sun along a planet's orbit... Defin…
Occurs on or around Sept. 22
Different shapes the moon appears to have due to the fraction…
Tides
Daily changes in the ocean level... Caused by gravitational pull…
Revolution
1 complete motion around the sun along a planet's orbit... Defin…
19 terms
Astronomy Science Notes 8
Inner planets
Outer planets
Gas Giant's
Terrestrial planets
four planets closest to the sun, small, made of solid rock; g…
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Much larger than the inn…
The name given to the first four outer planets: Jupiter, Satu…
The name given to the four inner planets: Mercury, Venus, Ear…
Inner planets
four planets closest to the sun, small, made of solid rock; g…
Outer planets
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Much larger than the inn…
10 terms
Science Vocabulary #8 Astronomy
Axis
North Star
Horizon
Latitude
An imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and its…
A polar star in the Northern Hemisphere that does not appear…
The point where the sky and Earth meet.
A system of imaginary circles on the Earth's surface radiatin…
Axis
An imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and its…
North Star
A polar star in the Northern Hemisphere that does not appear…
Science 8 - Astronomy Unit
What is the Big Bang
Matter and energy were compressed prio…
What was the first element to be creat…
What is evidence that the Big Bang occ…
when the universe began as rapid expansion of energy & matter…
energy & matter expanded like a balloon. Hot in the beginning…
Hydrogen and some helium
-Hydrogen... -Cosmic Redshift... -Cosmic Background Raditation... -WMA…
What is the Big Bang
when the universe began as rapid expansion of energy & matter…
Matter and energy were compressed prio…
energy & matter expanded like a balloon. Hot in the beginning…
Science8-Astronomy
Astronomy
Year
Month
Day
The study of the universe
The time required for the earth to orbit once around the sun
Roughly the amount of time required for the moon to orbit onc…
Time required for the earth to rotate once on its axis
Astronomy
The study of the universe
Year
The time required for the earth to orbit once around the sun
32 terms
Science 8: Astronomy
Oblate Spheroid
Revolve
Rotate
Foucault Pendulum
The shape of the earth, flattened at poles, bulging at equator
Move around an object (Earth around Sun, moon around Earth)
To spin on its axis
Evidence that the Earth rotates on its axis
Oblate Spheroid
The shape of the earth, flattened at poles, bulging at equator
Revolve
Move around an object (Earth around Sun, moon around Earth)
17 terms
8 - Science Astronomy
Ancient Mayans
Ptolemy
Copernicus
Kepler
Discovered Astronomy
Earth centered universe
Sun centered universe
Planets orbit the sun, Elliptical Orbit
Ancient Mayans
Discovered Astronomy
Ptolemy
Earth centered universe
27 terms
Astronomy - Science 8 - Tri 1
Galaxy
Star
Planet
Moon
A collection of stars, dust, and gas bound together by gravity
a celestial body of hot gases that radiates energy derived fr…
A large body in space that orbits a star and does not produce…
A natural satellite that revolves around a planet.
Galaxy
A collection of stars, dust, and gas bound together by gravity
Star
a celestial body of hot gases that radiates energy derived fr…
10 terms
Astronomy, Science 8
Axis
Geocentric
Heliocentric
Gravity
Imaginary line that passes through the poles, one of the reas…
Solar system of the earth in the middle
Solar system with the sun in the middle
The force that pulls objects toward the center of another , i…
Axis
Imaginary line that passes through the poles, one of the reas…
Geocentric
Solar system of the earth in the middle
17 terms
Science 8:18 Astronomy
year
month
day
geocentric model
time it takes for planet to orbit the sun
time it takes of the moon to orbit Earth (approx)
time it takes for planet to rotate once
model of the universe with Earth at the center
year
time it takes for planet to orbit the sun
month
time it takes of the moon to orbit Earth (approx)
33 terms
Science 8 Astronomy CA
Big Bang Theory
This idea supports the Big Bang Theory:
Evidence that the Big Bang occurred:
Hydrogen
the theory that all matter and energy exploded from a small c…
a rapid expansion that took place when the universe began
1. Cosmic Background Radiation... 2. Redshift of galaxies... 3. Amo…
the most common element in the universe after the Big Bang
Big Bang Theory
the theory that all matter and energy exploded from a small c…
This idea supports the Big Bang Theory:
a rapid expansion that took place when the universe began
Science 8 Astronomy
Tides
Revolution
Autumnal Equinox
Phases
Daily changes in the ocean level... Caused by gravitational pull…
1 complete motion around the sun along a planet's orbit... Defin…
Occurs on or around Sept. 22
Different shapes the moon appears to have due to the fraction…
Tides
Daily changes in the ocean level... Caused by gravitational pull…
Revolution
1 complete motion around the sun along a planet's orbit... Defin…
Final Science8: Astronomy
The Big Bang Theory
Milky Way Galaxy
Spiral Galaxy
Barred Spiral Galaxy
The most common scientific theory about there universe format…
The galaxy we live in, which is a spiral galaxy.
Disk shape with spiral arms; tend to be blue because they are…
Spiral galaxy that looks like theres a bar going through the…
The Big Bang Theory
The most common scientific theory about there universe format…
Milky Way Galaxy
The galaxy we live in, which is a spiral galaxy.
Science Unit 8 Astronomy
Astronomy
Rotation
Revolution
Orbit
Study of stars, planets, and space
Spinning of earth on its axis
movement of Earth around the sun
path an object takes around the sun
Astronomy
Study of stars, planets, and space
Rotation
Spinning of earth on its axis
Seasons Science 8 Astronomy
What is Earth's two motions?
Earth's axis is tilted in what directi…
Earth has an elliptical orbit, so when…
less direct light
rotation and revolution
In the same direction
They aren't
lower temperature; covers a wider area
What is Earth's two motions?
rotation and revolution
Earth's axis is tilted in what directi…
In the same direction
34 terms
Science Chapter 8 (Astronomy)
star
constellation
parallax
light year
a large, hot ball of gases that gives off its own light and i…
a group of stars that appear to form a pattern
an apparent shift in the position of an object when viewed fr…
the distance light can travel in one year
star
a large, hot ball of gases that gives off its own light and i…
constellation
a group of stars that appear to form a pattern
Science 8 Astronomy
celestial
terrestrial
cyclical
east, west, 15 degrees
outside of earth's atmosphere
part of earth's atmosphere
celestial objects move in _____ patterns throughout the sky
celestial objects appear to be moving from ____ to _____ at _…
celestial
outside of earth's atmosphere
terrestrial
part of earth's atmosphere
Science astronomy 8
SpaceX
Benjamin Franklin
Sir Isaac Newton
Aristotle
they were able to land first rocket on land and was able to r…
he discovered electricity and how to harness it
he discovered the law of gravity
he argued that the earth was round (and laid the grounds for…
SpaceX
they were able to land first rocket on land and was able to r…
Benjamin Franklin
he discovered electricity and how to harness it
14 terms
Science 8 Astronomy
astronomy
gravity
atmosphere
mass
the study of the moon, stars and other objects in space
is the pull of every object on everything else and it holds t…
a blanket of gas that surrounds a planet
the amount of matter an object contains
astronomy
the study of the moon, stars and other objects in space
gravity
is the pull of every object on everything else and it holds t…
43 terms
Science Astronomy - January 8
Rotation
Revolution
Tilt
Day
What is the motion of the Earth that causes day and night?
What is the motion of the Earth that causes years?
What is the motion of the Earth that causes us to experience…
The amount of hours of light we experience on Earth is called…
Rotation
What is the motion of the Earth that causes day and night?
Revolution
What is the motion of the Earth that causes years?
15 terms
Astronomy Science 8
Astronomical Units
Terrestrial
Gas Giants
Moon
What the distiance between planets is measured in.
The inner planets, they are small dense and rocky.
The outer planets that have no solid surface.
A natural satellite of a planet.
Astronomical Units
What the distiance between planets is measured in.
Terrestrial
The inner planets, they are small dense and rocky.
8 terms
Science 8 Astronomy
Kepler Law 1
Kepler Law 2
Kepler Law 3
Law of Universal Gravitation
each planet moves in an elliptical orbit sun at center
planets speed up when near the sun, slow down when away
the further a planet is from the sun, the longer it takes to…
any two bodies in the universe attract eachother and the fact…
Kepler Law 1
each planet moves in an elliptical orbit sun at center
Kepler Law 2
planets speed up when near the sun, slow down when away
Astronomy Unit - Science 8
Nebula
Protostar
Life Span
Neutron Stars
A large amount of gas and dust that spread out in an immense…
The earliest stage of a star's life
Determined by how much mass a star has
Stars smaller than a White Dwarf
Nebula
A large amount of gas and dust that spread out in an immense…
Protostar
The earliest stage of a star's life
17 terms
Astronomy Science 8
Big Bang Theory
Solar System
Nebulas
Solar Nebula
States that the universe began with a tremendous explosion.
Consists of the sun, planets, moons, asteroids, meteoroids, c…
Clouds of dust in space; site of star formation.
The nebula that caused our solar system.
Big Bang Theory
States that the universe began with a tremendous explosion.
Solar System
Consists of the sun, planets, moons, asteroids, meteoroids, c…
28 terms
Astronomy - Science 8 - Tri 1
Galaxy
Star
Planet
Moon
A collection of stars, dust, and gas bound together by gravity
a celestial body of hot gases that radiates energy derived fr…
A large body in space that orbits a star and does not produce…
A natural satellite that revolves around a planet.
Galaxy
A collection of stars, dust, and gas bound together by gravity
Star
a celestial body of hot gases that radiates energy derived fr…
12 terms
ISB Science 8 - Astronomy - The Sun
Core
Nuclear fusion
Radiation zone
Convection zone
Central region of the sun. Nuclear fusion takes place here.
Hydrogen atoms join together to form helium
Middle layer of the sun. This is a region of very tightly com…
Outermost layer of the sun's interior
Core
Central region of the sun. Nuclear fusion takes place here.
Nuclear fusion
Hydrogen atoms join together to form helium
Astronomy RMS Science 8
Astronomer
Waxing
Waning
Gibbous
Someone who studies the sky, planets, and space.
(of the moon) pertaining to the period during which the visib…
(of the moon) pertaining to the period during which the visib…
Moon phase in which more than half of the Moon appears to be…
Astronomer
Someone who studies the sky, planets, and space.
Waxing
(of the moon) pertaining to the period during which the visib…
12 terms
Science 8 Orange Book Chapter 8 "Astronomy"
axis of rotation
solar eclipse
lunar eclipse
Equator
imaginary line through an object that it spins on
a temporary darkening of the Sun
a temporary darkening of the Moon
zero degree line of latitude, divides Earth into Northern and…
axis of rotation
imaginary line through an object that it spins on
solar eclipse
a temporary darkening of the Sun
30 terms
Science- Astronomy 8
Solar System
Solar Nebula
Rotation
Period of Revolution
A vast region containing sun, planets, and many other objects.
A large cloud of gas and dust, such as the one that formed ou…
The spinning motion of a planet on its axis.
One revolution around the sun.
Solar System
A vast region containing sun, planets, and many other objects.
Solar Nebula
A large cloud of gas and dust, such as the one that formed ou…
27 terms
8 Science Astronomy
what is a scale ratio?
how do we use scale ratios?
what are the names of the planets?
compare/contrast inner vs. outer planets
ratio of model length (numerator) to the actual length (denom…
make a model that is proportional to the original
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
inner: more dense, less moons, no rings, varied atmosphere, r…
what is a scale ratio?
ratio of model length (numerator) to the actual length (denom…
how do we use scale ratios?
make a model that is proportional to the original
Science 8 Astronomy Test
Helium
Northern Lights (Auroras)
AU
constellations
The element that is created when Hydrogen fuses in the core o…
When gas molecules in our atmosphere reach Earth's magnetic f…
The measurement that is used to calculate the distance from t…
A pattern or group of stars that people imagined to represent…
Helium
The element that is created when Hydrogen fuses in the core o…
Northern Lights (Auroras)
When gas molecules in our atmosphere reach Earth's magnetic f…
Science 8 Astronomy Quiz
Rotation
Revolution
Apparent Motion
Coriolus Effect
Earth spinning on its axis
Earth spinning around the sun
A motion where an object appears to move but really isn't
An effect where objects appear to more to the right or left t…
Rotation
Earth spinning on its axis
Revolution
Earth spinning around the sun
47 terms
Science 8 astronomy
What is astronomy?
What does earth rotate on?
What are the two ways earth moves?
What is rotation?
The study of the moon, stars and other objects in space
An axis that is tilted 29.5°
1. Rotation... 2. Revolution (orbit)
When the earth spins on its axis... -rotation causes day and ni…
What is astronomy?
The study of the moon, stars and other objects in space
What does earth rotate on?
An axis that is tilted 29.5°
Science 8 - Astronomy test
What are the units of energy?
What is kinetic energy?
What is the equation for kinetic energy?
What is potential energy?
Joules
THe energy caused by movement
(½m) velocity squared
The energy caused by gravity
What are the units of energy?
Joules
What is kinetic energy?
THe energy caused by movement
5 terms
Grade 8 Science- Astronomy
Astronomy
Axis
Rotation
Revolution
The study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
Line passing through Earth's center and poles
Movement of Earth around its axis
Movement of Earth around the sun
Astronomy
The study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
Axis
Line passing through Earth's center and poles
29 terms
Science 8-4/ astronomy
What is a day based on?
What is the earths rotation called?
How does earth rotate?
What direction does the sun rise and s…
It takes 24 hours for the earth to rotate.
Elliptical orbit
On its axis, counter clockwise
East to west
What is a day based on?
It takes 24 hours for the earth to rotate.
What is the earths rotation called?
Elliptical orbit
5 terms
Astronomy Science- 8-4.6
force of attraction that acts on all o…
rate of exchange of velocity; can caus…
amount of matter in a object
a pull between all objects in the univ…
What is gravity?
What is acceleration?
What is mass?
What is force of gravity?
force of attraction that acts on all o…
What is gravity?
rate of exchange of velocity; can caus…
What is acceleration?
52 terms
Science Unit 8: Astronomy
Reason for seasons on earth
Tilts on an axis
when pointing towards sun
when pointing away sun
because Earth tilts
rotates on axis and revolves around the sun
summer
winter
Reason for seasons on earth
because Earth tilts
Tilts on an axis
rotates on axis and revolves around the sun
8 terms
Science~astronomy(8)
Constellations
Spectrograph
Apparent brightness
Absolute brightness
Imaginary patterns in the sky
A device that breaks light into colors and produces an image…
A stars brightness as seen from Earth
Luminosity, the brightness the star would have if it were at…
Constellations
Imaginary patterns in the sky
Spectrograph
A device that breaks light into colors and produces an image…
37 terms
Earth Science-8: Astronomy 1
Wavelength
Recede
Nuclear Fusion
Starlight Emitted
Distance between waves.
To move away.
This is a chemical reaction that produces energy: H + H = He…
Light that is given off by a star.
Wavelength
Distance between waves.
Recede
To move away.
50 terms
Earth Science-8: Astronomy 2
Velocity
Drawf Planets
One complete moon revolution (Sidereal…
Asteroids
Speed.
Objects that do not fit into a category (Pluto).
27.3 days.
Band of rocks found between Mars and Jupiter.
Velocity
Speed.
Drawf Planets
Objects that do not fit into a category (Pluto).
28 terms
astronomy
galaxy
wavelength
Leo
milky way
(astronomy) a collection of star systems
The distance between crests of waves, such as those of the el…
a zodiacal constellation in northern hemisphere between Cance…
The name of our galaxy, a spiral galaxy that contains about 4…
galaxy
(astronomy) a collection of star systems
wavelength
The distance between crests of waves, such as those of the el…
Science Astronomy Grade 8
Visible Light
Electromagnetic radiation
Spectrum
Wavelengths
The light that us humans can see
Energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
Light spreads out to make a range of different colors with di…
Crest of one wave and the crest of the next wave
Visible Light
The light that us humans can see
Electromagnetic radiation
Energy that can travel through space in the form of waves
27 terms
Science 8 - Astronomy
What causes seasons?
What does rotation cause?
How long is a day on earth?
How long is an earth rotation?
Tilt of Earth
Day and night
about 24 hours = 1 day
Rotation is 24 hours
What causes seasons?
Tilt of Earth
What does rotation cause?
Day and night
8 Grade Science Final- Astronomy
Light years are the most appropriate m…
Stars are classified according to thei…
The white dwarfs are a group of stars…
The sun is a yellow star that is avera…
The distance from the sun to the center of the galaxy
Size, brightness, and temperature
Low in brightness, but hot in temperature
Main sequence
Light years are the most appropriate m…
The distance from the sun to the center of the galaxy
Stars are classified according to thei…
Size, brightness, and temperature
science8-astronomy2
gravity and mass and distance
2 factors that keep moon orbiting earth
centripetal force
factor that = centripetal force
more MASS=higher gravitational force... less DISTANCE=less gravi…
gravity and inertia
center seeking force, force causes object to move in circle
gravity (inertia not a force)
gravity and mass and distance
more MASS=higher gravitational force... less DISTANCE=less gravi…
2 factors that keep moon orbiting earth
gravity and inertia
Science 8, Unit 1: astronomy
Astronomy
Rotation
Revolution
S-E-M system
The scientific study of matter in space, especially the posit…
the spinning of a body on an axis. An axis is an imaginary li…
(or orbiting) the movement of one body around another. Earth'…
The earth rotates on its axis as it revolves around the sun.…
Astronomy
The scientific study of matter in space, especially the posit…
Rotation
the spinning of a body on an axis. An axis is an imaginary li…
8 terms
Science 8 Study Guide For Astronomy
Asteroids
Comets
Meteoroids
photosphere
small rocky bodies orbiting the sun. Large numbers of these,…
objects consisting of a nucleus of ice and dust and, when nea…
small bodies of matter from outer space that enter the earth'…
a star's outer shell from which light is radiated
Asteroids
small rocky bodies orbiting the sun. Large numbers of these,…
Comets
objects consisting of a nucleus of ice and dust and, when nea…
11 terms
1.8 science vocab astronomy
Photosphere
Corona
Chromosphere
Albedo
The visible surface of the sun lying just above the upper mos…
A layer in the Suns atmosphere of a star (the sub) millions o…
A layer in which the Suns atmosphere transition between the o…
The reflective property of non luminous object
Photosphere
The visible surface of the sun lying just above the upper mos…
Corona
A layer in the Suns atmosphere of a star (the sub) millions o…
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