Study sets matching "science astronomy stars"

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Study sets matching "science astronomy stars"

SCIENCE 609: ASTRONOMY AND THE STARS
absolute magnitude
Aldebaran
apparent magnitude
Arcturus
The measurement of true or real brightness of a star.
A very bright, red star in the constellation Taurus.
A measurement of the brightness of a star as it appears to an…
A bright orange star in the constellation Bootes.
absolute magnitude
The measurement of true or real brightness of a star.
Aldebaran
A very bright, red star in the constellation Taurus.
Science - Astronomy (Stars)
Constellation
How many total constellations are there?
Asterisms
Astronomical phenomenon
A group of stars that resembles a recognizable form from Earth
A total of 88 constellations
Smaller recognizable star patterns within a larger constellat…
A term that refers to any observable occurrence relating to a…
Constellation
A group of stars that resembles a recognizable form from Earth
How many total constellations are there?
A total of 88 constellations
Science Stars of Astronomy People
Kelper
Galileo Galilei
Issac Newton
Hawking
Created Laws of Planetary Motion:... 1) Sun is the center of the…
Phases of Venus, used a telescope, sunspots on sun, He discov…
(Theory that all objects in the universe attract each other t…
demonstrated that black holses could not get smaller due to e…
Kelper
Created Laws of Planetary Motion:... 1) Sun is the center of the…
Galileo Galilei
Phases of Venus, used a telescope, sunspots on sun, He discov…
39 terms
Science Astronomy- Stars
What is the first stage?
what pulls the gas an dust into a sphere
What happens to the temperature when t…
What changes to Helium when it gets de…
A huge ball of gas and dust/Nebula
Gravity
gets hotter
Hydrogen
What is the first stage?
A huge ball of gas and dust/Nebula
what pulls the gas an dust into a sphere
Gravity
9 terms
Science- Astronomy 3/stars
interstellar medium
hydrogen and dust
nebula
hydrogen and dust
What is the first stage in a star's life-cycle.
interstellar medium is made out of
a cloud of interstellar medium is called
nebula is made out of
interstellar medium
What is the first stage in a star's life-cycle.
hydrogen and dust
interstellar medium is made out of
39 terms
science- Astronomy/stars/planets
mercury
venus
earth
mars
1st planet from sun t
2nd planet from sun t
3rd planet from sun t
4th planet from sun t
mercury
1st planet from sun t
venus
2nd planet from sun t
37 terms
SCIENCE UNIT 9 ASTRONOMY AND THE STARS
absolute magnitude
Aldebaran
apparent magnitude
Arcturus
The measurement of true or real brightness of a star
A very bright, red star in the constellation Taurus
A measurement of the brightness of a star as it appears to an…
A bright orange star in the constellation Bootes
absolute magnitude
The measurement of true or real brightness of a star
Aldebaran
A very bright, red star in the constellation Taurus
26 terms
Science Stars and Astronomy
What is a solar eclipse?
What is a lunar eclipse?
Where is the Big Horn Medicine Wheel l…
Where is Chomsongdae Observatory locat…
Occurs when the Moon blocks the Sun's light.
Occurs when the Earth casts a shadow on the Moon.
Sheridan, Wyoming
Korea
What is a solar eclipse?
Occurs when the Moon blocks the Sun's light.
What is a lunar eclipse?
Occurs when the Earth casts a shadow on the Moon.
50 terms
Astronomy: the science of the stars
system
theory
atmosphere
pull
n.系统,体系;制度;
n.理论,原理;学说,
n.大气(层);空气;气氛,环境;
v 拉,拖,牵,拽
system
n.系统,体系;制度;
theory
n.理论,原理;学说,
72 terms
7th Grade Science " Astronomy and the Stars"
The supposed influence of the position…
The scientific study of heavenly bodies.
A telescope which uses a system of mir…
A telescope which uses a system of len…
astrology
astronomy
reflector telescope
refractor telescope
The supposed influence of the position…
astrology
The scientific study of heavenly bodies.
astronomy
22 terms
Science Astronomy Star Test
hydrogen
brighter
round
oxygen
one of the two gasses that makes up our Sun
how easy something is to see, measured in magnitude
the shape of a ball, spherical
a gas that allows us to breathe on Earth
hydrogen
one of the two gasses that makes up our Sun
brighter
how easy something is to see, measured in magnitude
51 terms
Science ASTRONOMY AND THE STARS quizzes and questions
Astronomy is the study of the stars, p…
Astrology is helpful to understand eve…
People have studied stars and their pa…
Astronomy is one of the oldest science…
true
false
true
true
Astronomy is the study of the stars, p…
true
Astrology is helpful to understand eve…
false
11 terms
Yearly Exams: Science - Astronomy - Stars
average star
massive star
nebula
protostar
These stars follow the main sequence of a star's life cycle:…
These stars have more mass, and therefore burns fuel much qui…
They are a collection of clouds of gas and dust. From it star…
Gravity forces clumps of dust from the nebula to form at a ce…
average star
These stars follow the main sequence of a star's life cycle:…
massive star
These stars have more mass, and therefore burns fuel much qui…
Yearly Exams: Science - Astronomy - Stars
Average stars
Massive stars
Nebulae
Protostar
These stars follow the main sequence of a star's life cycle:…
These stars have more mass, and therefore burns fuel much qui…
They are a collection of clouds of gas and dust. From it star…
Gravity forces clumps of dust from the nebula to form at a ce…
Average stars
These stars follow the main sequence of a star's life cycle:…
Massive stars
These stars have more mass, and therefore burns fuel much qui…
31 terms
Astronomy - Stars
Constellation
Binary Star
Light-Year
Apparent Magnitude
a group of stars named for mythical creatures
one of two stars revolving around a common center of mass und…
the distance light travels in a year, 9.5 trillion kilometers
brightness of star when viewed from earth
Constellation
a group of stars named for mythical creatures
Binary Star
one of two stars revolving around a common center of mass und…
Astronomy: Stars
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Light Year
Luminosity
The actual amount of light (radiation) a star emits. Also cal…
How bright a star appears from Earth.
The distance light can travel in one year (about 9.4 trillion…
The amount light a star radiates. Also called absolute magnit…
Absolute Magnitude
The actual amount of light (radiation) a star emits. Also cal…
Apparent Magnitude
How bright a star appears from Earth.
[Science] (ES.13) Astronomy {Stars & Universe}
What does the HR diagram show?
Where is our sun located on the HR dia…
Where in the HR diagram are younger st…
Where in the HR diagram are older stars?
It shows the temperature and brightness of different stars
In the main sequence
On the top
On the bottom
What does the HR diagram show?
It shows the temperature and brightness of different stars
Where is our sun located on the HR dia…
In the main sequence
Astronomy (Stars)
auroras
Hertzsprung-Russell (H-R) diagram
life cycle of small stars
life cycle of large stars
The northern and southern lights; The result of high-energy c…
a plot of the intrinsic brightness versus the surface tempera…
The star is born when a balance of forces exists and the temp…
The star is born when a balance of forces exists and the temp…
auroras
The northern and southern lights; The result of high-energy c…
Hertzsprung-Russell (H-R) diagram
a plot of the intrinsic brightness versus the surface tempera…
8 terms
Astronomy: Stars
Betelgeuse
Rigel
Sun
HR Diagram
red star that is the left shoulder of the constellation Orion
blue star that is the right foot of the constellation Orion
a yellow and average size star
graph showing relationship between a star's surface, temperat…
Betelgeuse
red star that is the left shoulder of the constellation Orion
Rigel
blue star that is the right foot of the constellation Orion
27 terms
Astronomy: Stars
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Light Year
Luminosity
The actual amount of light (radiation) a star emits. Also cal…
How bright a star appears from Earth.
The distance light can travel in one year (about 9.4 trillion…
The amount light a star radiates. Also called absolute magnit…
Absolute Magnitude
The actual amount of light (radiation) a star emits. Also cal…
Apparent Magnitude
How bright a star appears from Earth.
32 terms
Astronomy: Stars and Galaxies
celestial sphere
constellations
celestial sphere rotation
rotation
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
changes hourly
(24 hours) ... 360 degrees in 24 hours=15 degrees per hour.
celestial sphere
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
constellations
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
11 terms
Stars of Astronomy
Hipparchus
Albert Einstein
Hubble
Charles Messier
Calculated how far away the moon... was from the earth.
Albert Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity.
He saw galaxies moving away from us.
published an astronomical catalogue consisting of nebulae and…
Hipparchus
Calculated how far away the moon... was from the earth.
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity.
26 terms
Astronomy "Stars and Galaxies"
Constellations
Circumpolar Constellations
Parsec
Apparent Magnitude
A group of stars that forms a shape or pattern.
These constellations are visible all year long because of the…
Also known as a "parallax second" it is a unit of distance re…
The apparent brightness of a star as observed from the Earth.
Constellations
A group of stars that forms a shape or pattern.
Circumpolar Constellations
These constellations are visible all year long because of the…
23 terms
Astronomy - Planets & Stars
binary star
constellation
cosmology
radio galaxy
Describes two stars that are bound together by gravity and or…
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky
The study of the universe, including its current nature, orig…
Very bright, often giant, elliptical galaxy that emits as muc…
binary star
Describes two stars that are bound together by gravity and or…
constellation
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky
Astronomy stars
Ursa Major
Delphinus
Corona Borealis
Draco
Alcor, Mizar, Dubhe
Sualocin
Alphecca
Thuban
Ursa Major
Alcor, Mizar, Dubhe
Delphinus
Sualocin
7 terms
Astronomy: Stars
pulsar stars
Polaris
Alpha Centauri
quasars
spinning neutron star; dead core of a formerly large star; ea…
"north star"; thought to be brightest star but is actually th…
the nearest star system to Earth (26 trillion miles away)
the most distant objects in the known universe
pulsar stars
spinning neutron star; dead core of a formerly large star; ea…
Polaris
"north star"; thought to be brightest star but is actually th…
24 terms
Astronomy Stars
Sirius
Arcturus
Vega
Capella A
8.6ly/-1.46
37ly/-.04 (varies)
25ly/.03
42ly/0.08
Sirius
8.6ly/-1.46
Arcturus
37ly/-.04 (varies)
115 terms
Astronomy: Stars
Seven Properties of a Star
Luminosity and Brightness
Apparent Magnitude
Absolute Magnitude
Luminosity ... Temperature... Distance... Composition ... Radius ... Mass... Ra…
How Bright a star is can be measured 3 ways
Is how bright a star appears to us on earth
Is how bright a star would be if it was at a standard distanc…
Seven Properties of a Star
Luminosity ... Temperature... Distance... Composition ... Radius ... Mass... Ra…
Luminosity and Brightness
How Bright a star is can be measured 3 ways
Astronomy Stars
Dwarf & Giants
Areas of HR Diagram
Temperature
Brightness VS. Distance
D: usually in its dying phase... smaller... main sequence... dimmer... no…
Luminosity: brightness increases as the graph goes up... Spectra…
Blue------> Red {color}... Hot------->Cold {temp}... Backwards on H…
The closer the star the brighter it can be,... the farther away…
Dwarf & Giants
D: usually in its dying phase... smaller... main sequence... dimmer... no…
Areas of HR Diagram
Luminosity: brightness increases as the graph goes up... Spectra…
Astronomy - Stars
Constellation
Binary Star
Light-Year
Apparent Magnitude
a group of stars named for mythical creatures
one of two stars revolving around a common center of mass und…
the distance light travels in a year, 9.5 trillion kilometers
brightness of star when viewed from earth
Constellation
a group of stars named for mythical creatures
Binary Star
one of two stars revolving around a common center of mass und…
34 terms
ASTRONOMY STARS
Polaris
Kochab
Mizar (multiple star system)
Arcturus (Color Triangle)
Ursa Minor (Cephid variable)
Ursa Minor
Ursa Major
Bootes
Polaris
Ursa Minor (Cephid variable)
Kochab
Ursa Minor
Astronomy - Stars
protostar
white dwarf
neutron star
pulsar
nebula is collapsing, cloud and dust being pulled together by…
when a star runs out of nuclear fuel, gravity takes over and…
large star, massive star can end its life, creates more neurons
neutron start spinning fast and has a magnetic field
protostar
nebula is collapsing, cloud and dust being pulled together by…
white dwarf
when a star runs out of nuclear fuel, gravity takes over and…
Adv. Earth Science- Astronomy Unit 2- Stars
Spectroscope
Galaxy
Constellation
Absolute Magnitude
Tool that separates light into a spectrum mainly used to figu…
A system of billions of stars, together with gas and dust, he…
Noticeable pattern of stars in the night sky (ones that are a…
The actual brightness of a star
Spectroscope
Tool that separates light into a spectrum mainly used to figu…
Galaxy
A system of billions of stars, together with gas and dust, he…
Astronomy: Stars
Stellar Evolution
Nebula
Protostar
Main Sequence Star
The life cycle of a star from creation through its changes wh…
A celestial cloud of dust and gases where stars come from
Large mass of gases that can build up heat and pressure until…
First stage of a stars life cycle, stars are growing in size…
Stellar Evolution
The life cycle of a star from creation through its changes wh…
Nebula
A celestial cloud of dust and gases where stars come from
75 terms
Astronomy Stars
Average solar temperature
Where sun emits radiation
Suns lower atmosphere
Region on top of photosphere where tem…
Effective temperature
Photosphere
Chromosphere
Tradition zone
Average solar temperature
Effective temperature
Where sun emits radiation
Photosphere
Astronomy: Stars
Nuclear Fusion
Prominence
Solar Flare
Sunspots
The sun's energy comes from the process called _?_.
Loops of gas that often connect sunspots.
Sudden release of magnetic energy that has built up in the so…
Where cooler areas appear darker are called _?_.
Nuclear Fusion
The sun's energy comes from the process called _?_.
Prominence
Loops of gas that often connect sunspots.
35 terms
Astronomy(stars)
White dwarf
Luminosity
Spiral
H-R diagram
Star the size of a planet
Brightness of a celestial object(star,planet)
Something that winds in a gradual turn continuously
Scatter graph of stars that shows the relationship between th…
White dwarf
Star the size of a planet
Luminosity
Brightness of a celestial object(star,planet)
48 terms
Astronomy (Stars)
the stages of development and duration…
a diagram that shows the relationships…
a huge cloud of dust and gases; conden…
is our most current explanation how th…
stellar evolution
H-R diagram
nebula
solar nebular theory
the stages of development and duration…
stellar evolution
a diagram that shows the relationships…
H-R diagram
30 terms
Astronomy Stars
Orion
Gemini
Canis Major
Pegasus
Orion
Gemini
11 terms
Astronomy: The Stars
Nebula
Protostar
Red giant or supergiant
Becomes small mass star
1
2
3
3.1
Nebula
1
Protostar
2
10 terms
Astronomy Stars
Star(s) for Little Dipper
Star(s) for Bootes
Star(s) for Virgo
Star(s) for Leo
Star(s) for Little Dipper
Star(s) for Bootes
Astronomy: Stars and Galaxies
celestial sphere
constellations
celestial sphere rotation
rotation
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
changes hourly
(24 hours) ... 360 degrees in 24 hours=15 degrees per hour.
celestial sphere
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
constellations
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
33 terms
Hannah -Science 600 ASTRONOMY AND THE STARS - Quiz 3
Ursa Major
An Asterism
Bootes
Greeks and Romans
The Big Dipper is located in
a small group of stars which are part of a constellation
is a constellation found near the big dipper
observed groups of stars in the northern two-thirds of the sky.
Ursa Major
The Big Dipper is located in
An Asterism
a small group of stars which are part of a constellation
Astronomy; Stars & Star Formation
interstellar meduim
nebula
protostar
accretion
The gas and dust that exists in open space between the stars.
A large cloud of dust and gas in space.
Dense regions of molecular clouds where stars are forming.
Process of particles sticking together to form larger bodies.
interstellar meduim
The gas and dust that exists in open space between the stars.
nebula
A large cloud of dust and gas in space.
Astronomy (Stars)
Luminosity
Temperature
Bigger the negative, brighter the star
Main Sequence
The vertical line portion of this diagram used what character…
The horizontal line portion of this diagram used what charact…
What is so strange about the star?
Grouping of stars that runs from upper left to lower right
Luminosity
The vertical line portion of this diagram used what character…
Temperature
The horizontal line portion of this diagram used what charact…
25 terms
Astronomy: Stars and Galaxies
celestial sphere
constellations
celestial sphere rotation
rotation
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
changes hourly
(24 hours) ... 360 degrees in 24 hours=15 degrees per hour.
celestial sphere
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
constellations
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
Astronomy-stars and star formation
Parsec
Apparent brightness
Absolute Brightness
Luminosity
slightly more than three light years
...
...
...
Parsec
slightly more than three light years
Apparent brightness
...
13 terms
stars- astronomy
temperature, magnetic fields, rotation…
sun
99.99
yellow dwarf
stars formation
all energy comes from here
our star makes up _____% of all mass in solar system
our sun is a ___________
temperature, magnetic fields, rotation…
stars formation
sun
all energy comes from here
Astronomy: Stars and Galaxies vocab
constellation
light year
luminosity
nuclear fusion
a group of stars forming a recognizable pattern that is tradi…
The distance light travels in one year
The brightness of an object (stars are brighter than planets/…
A process that occurs when the nuclei of several atoms combin…
constellation
a group of stars forming a recognizable pattern that is tradi…
light year
The distance light travels in one year
12 terms
Astronomy - Stars
Alpha Centauri
Alpha Centauri - Sky Location
Canopus
Canopus - Sky Location
Closest Visible Star To Solar System... 3rd Brightest Star In Sk…
Southern Hemisphere... Centaurus Constellation... Next To Southern…
2nd Brightest Star in the sky.... Supergiant... 310 ly ± 20 ly
Southern Hemisphere... Nearish to Sirius and Canis Major
Alpha Centauri
Closest Visible Star To Solar System... 3rd Brightest Star In Sk…
Alpha Centauri - Sky Location
Southern Hemisphere... Centaurus Constellation... Next To Southern…
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