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Study sets matching "science astronomy stars"

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Study sets matching "science astronomy stars"

19 terms
Science - Astronomy (Stars)
Constellation
How many total constellations are there?
Asterisms
Astronomical phenomenon
A group of stars that resembles a recognizable form from Earth
A total of 88 constellations
Smaller recognizable star patterns within a larger constellat…
A term that refers to any observable occurrence relating to a…
Constellation
A group of stars that resembles a recognizable form from Earth
How many total constellations are there?
A total of 88 constellations
37 terms
SCIENCE 609: ASTRONOMY AND THE STARS
absolute magnitude
Aldebaran
apparent magnitude
Arcturus
The measurement of true or real brightness of a star.
A very bright, red star in the constellation Taurus.
A measurement of the brightness of a star as it appears to an…
A bright orange star in the constellation Bootes.
absolute magnitude
The measurement of true or real brightness of a star.
Aldebaran
A very bright, red star in the constellation Taurus.
50 terms
Astronomy: the science of the stars
system
theory
atmosphere
pull
n.系统,体系;制度;
n.理论,原理;学说,
n.大气(层);空气;气氛,环境;
v 拉,拖,牵,拽
system
n.系统,体系;制度;
theory
n.理论,原理;学说,
13 terms
Science Stars of Astronomy People
Kelper
Galileo Galilei
Issac Newton
Hawking
Created Laws of Planetary Motion:... 1) Sun is the center of the…
Phases of Venus, used a telescope, sunspots on sun, He discov…
(Theory that all objects in the universe attract each other t…
demonstrated that black holses could not get smaller due to e…
Kelper
Created Laws of Planetary Motion:... 1) Sun is the center of the…
Galileo Galilei
Phases of Venus, used a telescope, sunspots on sun, He discov…
39 terms
Science Astronomy- Stars
What is the first stage?
what pulls the gas an dust into a sphere
What happens to the temperature when t…
What changes to Helium when it gets de…
A huge ball of gas and dust/Nebula
Gravity
gets hotter
Hydrogen
What is the first stage?
A huge ball of gas and dust/Nebula
what pulls the gas an dust into a sphere
Gravity
37 terms
SCIENCE UNIT 9 ASTRONOMY AND THE STARS
absolute magnitude
Aldebaran
apparent magnitude
Arcturus
The measurement of true or real brightness of a star
A very bright, red star in the constellation Taurus
A measurement of the brightness of a star as it appears to an…
A bright orange star in the constellation Bootes
absolute magnitude
The measurement of true or real brightness of a star
Aldebaran
A very bright, red star in the constellation Taurus
39 terms
science- Astronomy/stars/planets
mercury
venus
earth
mars
1st planet from sun t
2nd planet from sun t
3rd planet from sun t
4th planet from sun t
mercury
1st planet from sun t
venus
2nd planet from sun t
26 terms
Science Stars and Astronomy
What is a solar eclipse?
What is a lunar eclipse?
Where is the Big Horn Medicine Wheel l…
Where is Chomsongdae Observatory locat…
Occurs when the Moon blocks the Sun's light.
Occurs when the Earth casts a shadow on the Moon.
Sheridan, Wyoming
Korea
What is a solar eclipse?
Occurs when the Moon blocks the Sun's light.
What is a lunar eclipse?
Occurs when the Earth casts a shadow on the Moon.
72 terms
7th Grade Science " Astronomy and the Stars"
The supposed influence of the position…
The scientific study of heavenly bodies.
A telescope which uses a system of mir…
A telescope which uses a system of len…
astrology
astronomy
reflector telescope
refractor telescope
The supposed influence of the position…
astrology
The scientific study of heavenly bodies.
astronomy
22 terms
Science Astronomy Star Test
hydrogen
brighter
round
oxygen
one of the two gasses that makes up our Sun
how easy something is to see, measured in magnitude
the shape of a ball, spherical
a gas that allows us to breathe on Earth
hydrogen
one of the two gasses that makes up our Sun
brighter
how easy something is to see, measured in magnitude
11 terms
Yearly Exams: Science - Astronomy - Stars
average star
massive star
nebula
protostar
These stars follow the main sequence of a star's life cycle:…
These stars have more mass, and therefore burns fuel much qui…
They are a collection of clouds of gas and dust. From it star…
Gravity forces clumps of dust from the nebula to form at a ce…
average star
These stars follow the main sequence of a star's life cycle:…
massive star
These stars have more mass, and therefore burns fuel much qui…
Yearly Exams: Science - Astronomy - Stars
Average stars
Massive stars
Nebulae
Protostar
These stars follow the main sequence of a star's life cycle:…
These stars have more mass, and therefore burns fuel much qui…
They are a collection of clouds of gas and dust. From it star…
Gravity forces clumps of dust from the nebula to form at a ce…
Average stars
These stars follow the main sequence of a star's life cycle:…
Massive stars
These stars have more mass, and therefore burns fuel much qui…
51 terms
Science ASTRONOMY AND THE STARS quizzes and questions
Astronomy is the study of the stars, p…
Astrology is helpful to understand eve…
People have studied stars and their pa…
Astronomy is one of the oldest science…
true
false
true
true
Astronomy is the study of the stars, p…
true
Astrology is helpful to understand eve…
false
26 terms
Astronomy "Stars and Galaxies"
Constellations
Circumpolar Constellations
Parsec
Apparent Magnitude
A group of stars that forms a shape or pattern.
These constellations are visible all year long because of the…
Also known as a "parallax second" it is a unit of distance re…
The apparent brightness of a star as observed from the Earth.
Constellations
A group of stars that forms a shape or pattern.
Circumpolar Constellations
These constellations are visible all year long because of the…
[Science] (ES.13) Astronomy {Stars & Universe}
What does the HR diagram show?
Where is our sun located on the HR dia…
Where in the HR diagram are younger st…
Where in the HR diagram are older stars?
It shows the temperature and brightness of different stars
In the main sequence
On the top
On the bottom
What does the HR diagram show?
It shows the temperature and brightness of different stars
Where is our sun located on the HR dia…
In the main sequence
8 terms
Astronomy: Stars
Betelgeuse
Rigel
Sun
HR Diagram
red star that is the left shoulder of the constellation Orion
blue star that is the right foot of the constellation Orion
a yellow and average size star
graph showing relationship between a star's surface, temperat…
Betelgeuse
red star that is the left shoulder of the constellation Orion
Rigel
blue star that is the right foot of the constellation Orion
32 terms
Astronomy: Stars and Galaxies
celestial sphere
constellations
celestial sphere rotation
rotation
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
changes hourly
(24 hours) ... 360 degrees in 24 hours=15 degrees per hour.
celestial sphere
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
constellations
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
31 terms
Astronomy - Stars
Constellation
Binary Star
Light-Year
Apparent Magnitude
a group of stars named for mythical creatures
one of two stars revolving around a common center of mass und…
the distance light travels in a year, 9.5 trillion kilometers
brightness of star when viewed from earth
Constellation
a group of stars named for mythical creatures
Binary Star
one of two stars revolving around a common center of mass und…
26 terms
Astronomy (Stars)
auroras
Hertzsprung-Russell (H-R) diagram
life cycle of small stars
life cycle of large stars
The northern and southern lights; The result of high-energy c…
a plot of the intrinsic brightness versus the surface tempera…
The star is born when a balance of forces exists and the temp…
The star is born when a balance of forces exists and the temp…
auroras
The northern and southern lights; The result of high-energy c…
Hertzsprung-Russell (H-R) diagram
a plot of the intrinsic brightness versus the surface tempera…
27 terms
Astronomy: Stars
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Light Year
Luminosity
The actual amount of light (radiation) a star emits. Also cal…
How bright a star appears from Earth.
The distance light can travel in one year (about 9.4 trillion…
The amount light a star radiates. Also called absolute magnit…
Absolute Magnitude
The actual amount of light (radiation) a star emits. Also cal…
Apparent Magnitude
How bright a star appears from Earth.
23 terms
Astronomy - Planets & Stars
binary star
constellation
cosmology
radio galaxy
Describes two stars that are bound together by gravity and or…
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky
The study of the universe, including its current nature, orig…
Very bright, often giant, elliptical galaxy that emits as muc…
binary star
Describes two stars that are bound together by gravity and or…
constellation
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky
10 terms
Astronomy Stars
Star(s) for Little Dipper
Star(s) for Bootes
Star(s) for Virgo
Star(s) for Leo
Star(s) for Little Dipper
Star(s) for Bootes
Astronomy: Stars
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Light Year
Luminosity
The actual amount of light (radiation) a star emits. Also cal…
How bright a star appears from Earth.
The distance light can travel in one year (about 9.4 trillion…
The amount light a star radiates. Also called absolute magnit…
Absolute Magnitude
The actual amount of light (radiation) a star emits. Also cal…
Apparent Magnitude
How bright a star appears from Earth.
34 terms
ASTRONOMY STARS
Polaris
Kochab
Mizar (multiple star system)
Arcturus (Color Triangle)
Ursa Minor (Cephid variable)
Ursa Minor
Ursa Major
Bootes
Polaris
Ursa Minor (Cephid variable)
Kochab
Ursa Minor
Adv. Earth Science- Astronomy Unit 2- Stars
Spectroscope
Galaxy
Constellation
Absolute Magnitude
Tool that separates light into a spectrum mainly used to figu…
A system of billions of stars, together with gas and dust, he…
Noticeable pattern of stars in the night sky (ones that are a…
The actual brightness of a star
Spectroscope
Tool that separates light into a spectrum mainly used to figu…
Galaxy
A system of billions of stars, together with gas and dust, he…
30 terms
Astronomy Stars
Orion
Gemini
Canis Major
Pegasus
Orion
Gemini
33 terms
Astronomy: Stars and Galaxies
celestial sphere
constellations
celestial sphere rotation
rotation
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
changes hourly
(24 hours) ... 360 degrees in 24 hours=15 degrees per hour.
celestial sphere
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
constellations
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
20 terms
Astronomy Stars
Dwarf & Giants
Areas of HR Diagram
Temperature
Brightness VS. Distance
D: usually in its dying phase... smaller... main sequence... dimmer... no…
Luminosity: brightness increases as the graph goes up... Spectra…
Blue------> Red {color}... Hot------->Cold {temp}... Backwards on H…
The closer the star the brighter it can be,... the farther away…
Dwarf & Giants
D: usually in its dying phase... smaller... main sequence... dimmer... no…
Areas of HR Diagram
Luminosity: brightness increases as the graph goes up... Spectra…
11 terms
Stars of Astronomy
Hipparchus
Albert Einstein
Hubble
Charles Messier
Calculated how far away the moon... was from the earth.
Albert Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity.
He saw galaxies moving away from us.
published an astronomical catalogue consisting of nebulae and…
Hipparchus
Calculated how far away the moon... was from the earth.
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity.
13 terms
Astronomy: Stars
Stellar Evolution
Nebula
Protostar
Main Sequence Star
The life cycle of a star from creation through its changes wh…
A celestial cloud of dust and gases where stars come from
Large mass of gases that can build up heat and pressure until…
First stage of a stars life cycle, stars are growing in size…
Stellar Evolution
The life cycle of a star from creation through its changes wh…
Nebula
A celestial cloud of dust and gases where stars come from
75 terms
Astronomy Stars
Average solar temperature
Where sun emits radiation
Suns lower atmosphere
Region on top of photosphere where tem…
Effective temperature
Photosphere
Chromosphere
Tradition zone
Average solar temperature
Effective temperature
Where sun emits radiation
Photosphere
32 terms
Astronomy stars
Ursa Major
Delphinus
Corona Borealis
Draco
Alcor, Mizar, Dubhe
Sualocin
Alphecca
Thuban
Ursa Major
Alcor, Mizar, Dubhe
Delphinus
Sualocin
35 terms
Astronomy(stars)
White dwarf
Luminosity
Spiral
H-R diagram
Star the size of a planet
Brightness of a celestial object(star,planet)
Something that winds in a gradual turn continuously
Scatter graph of stars that shows the relationship between th…
White dwarf
Star the size of a planet
Luminosity
Brightness of a celestial object(star,planet)
24 terms
Astronomy Stars
Sirius
Arcturus
Vega
Capella A
8.6ly/-1.46
37ly/-.04 (varies)
25ly/.03
42ly/0.08
Sirius
8.6ly/-1.46
Arcturus
37ly/-.04 (varies)
astronomy- stars
1 parsec=____light years
from hottest to coolest, the order of…
our sun is a star of spectral type ____
we can only measure the masses of star…
3.26
OBAFGKM
G
they are in a binary star system (Using Kepler's Third Law)
1 parsec=____light years
3.26
from hottest to coolest, the order of…
OBAFGKM
115 terms
Astronomy: Stars
Seven Properties of a Star
Luminosity and Brightness
Apparent Magnitude
Absolute Magnitude
Luminosity ... Temperature... Distance... Composition ... Radius ... Mass... Ra…
How Bright a star is can be measured 3 ways
Is how bright a star appears to us on earth
Is how bright a star would be if it was at a standard distanc…
Seven Properties of a Star
Luminosity ... Temperature... Distance... Composition ... Radius ... Mass... Ra…
Luminosity and Brightness
How Bright a star is can be measured 3 ways
42 terms
Astronomy - Stars
Constellation
Binary Star
Light-Year
Apparent Magnitude
a group of stars named for mythical creatures
one of two stars revolving around a common center of mass und…
the distance light travels in a year, 9.5 trillion kilometers
brightness of star when viewed from earth
Constellation
a group of stars named for mythical creatures
Binary Star
one of two stars revolving around a common center of mass und…
33 terms
Astronomy: Stars and Galaxies
celestial sphere
constellations
celestial sphere rotation
rotation
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
changes hourly
(24 hours) ... 360 degrees in 24 hours=15 degrees per hour.
celestial sphere
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
constellations
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
Astronomy - Stars
protostar
white dwarf
neutron star
pulsar
nebula is collapsing, cloud and dust being pulled together by…
when a star runs out of nuclear fuel, gravity takes over and…
large star, massive star can end its life, creates more neurons
neutron start spinning fast and has a magnetic field
protostar
nebula is collapsing, cloud and dust being pulled together by…
white dwarf
when a star runs out of nuclear fuel, gravity takes over and…
11 terms
Astronomy LT 8: Stars
Nebula
Protostar
Main phase star
Red Giant
A giant cluster of gas and dust in space.
A 'baby star' that is being formed out of a nebula
A star like our own Sun. Most stars are in this phase of thei…
An old star that swells into an enormous size as it burns hea…
Nebula
A giant cluster of gas and dust in space.
Protostar
A 'baby star' that is being formed out of a nebula
62 terms
Astronomy: Stars
Nuclear Fusion
Prominence
Solar Flare
Sunspots
The sun's energy comes from the process called _?_.
Loops of gas that often connect sunspots.
Sudden release of magnetic energy that has built up in the so…
Where cooler areas appear darker are called _?_.
Nuclear Fusion
The sun's energy comes from the process called _?_.
Prominence
Loops of gas that often connect sunspots.
11 terms
Astronomy: The Stars
Nebula
Protostar
Red giant or supergiant
Becomes small mass star
1
2
3
3.1
Nebula
1
Protostar
2
33 terms
Hannah -Science 600 ASTRONOMY AND THE STARS - Quiz 3
Ursa Major
An Asterism
Bootes
Greeks and Romans
The Big Dipper is located in
a small group of stars which are part of a constellation
is a constellation found near the big dipper
observed groups of stars in the northern two-thirds of the sky.
Ursa Major
The Big Dipper is located in
An Asterism
a small group of stars which are part of a constellation
48 terms
Astronomy (Stars)
the stages of development and duration…
a diagram that shows the relationships…
a huge cloud of dust and gases; conden…
is our most current explanation how th…
stellar evolution
H-R diagram
nebula
solar nebular theory
the stages of development and duration…
stellar evolution
a diagram that shows the relationships…
H-R diagram
10 terms
Astronomy: Stars and Galaxies vocab
constellation
light year
luminosity
nuclear fusion
a group of stars forming a recognizable pattern that is tradi…
The distance light travels in one year
The brightness of an object (stars are brighter than planets/…
A process that occurs when the nuclei of several atoms combin…
constellation
a group of stars forming a recognizable pattern that is tradi…
light year
The distance light travels in one year
25 terms
Astronomy Stars
Aquila
Orion (Top)
Orion (Bottum)
Signes
Altair
Betelgeuse
Rigel
Dneb
Aquila
Altair
Orion (Top)
Betelgeuse
15 terms
Astronomy stars
Leo
Gemini
Canis minor
Auriga
Regulus
Castor, pollux
Procyan
Capella
Leo
Regulus
Gemini
Castor, pollux
40 terms
Astronomy; Stars & Star Formation
interstellar meduim
nebula
protostar
accretion
The gas and dust that exists in open space between the stars.
A large cloud of dust and gas in space.
Dense regions of molecular clouds where stars are forming.
Process of particles sticking together to form larger bodies.
interstellar meduim
The gas and dust that exists in open space between the stars.
nebula
A large cloud of dust and gas in space.
16 terms
Astronomy stars
Nebula
Protostar
Fusion
Pulsar
A large cloud of gas and dust
center of the nebula begins to heat up and glow as a result o…
Pressure is great from increase in center core which results…
Intense emission of radiation from the magnetic poles of a ne…
Nebula
A large cloud of gas and dust
Protostar
center of the nebula begins to heat up and glow as a result o…
16 terms
Astronomy- Stars
Star
Apparent magnitude
Luminosity
Absolute magnitude
A large celestial body that is composed of gas that emits lig…
The birghtness of a star as seen from Earth.
The actual brightness of an object such as a star.
A measure of how bright a star would be if it were seen from…
Star
A large celestial body that is composed of gas that emits lig…
Apparent magnitude
The birghtness of a star as seen from Earth.
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