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Study sets matching "science biology part 2"

23 terms
Biology part 2
Golgi Apparatus Function
Golgi Apparatus Structure (Golgi Body)
Centrioles
Centrioles function
modifies and sorts proteins for storage outside of the cell
> close to the membrane... > flattened stacks of membranes
found only in animal cells
create the microtubule used in cell division
Golgi Apparatus Function
modifies and sorts proteins for storage outside of the cell
Golgi Apparatus Structure (Golgi Body)
> close to the membrane... > flattened stacks of membranes
23 terms
Life Science Vocabulary Part 2
Adaptation
Inherited Trait
Learned Behavior
Inherited Behavior (Instinct)
A structure on an animal that helps it survive in its environ…
A physical feature that you get from your parents, grandparen…
A behavior that the organism is NOT born with; Organism must…
A behavior that is not learned; the organism is born knowing…
Adaptation
A structure on an animal that helps it survive in its environ…
Inherited Trait
A physical feature that you get from your parents, grandparen…
8 terms
Science Circulatory System (part 2 of 2)
Systemic circulation
Coronary circulation
Pulmonary circulation
blood is made up of four parts:
carries oxygen rich blood to the body and oxygen poor blood b…
brings oxygen rich blood to the heart and oxygen poor blood b…
pumps oxygen poor blood from the body to the lungs and oxygen…
red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and plasma
Systemic circulation
carries oxygen rich blood to the body and oxygen poor blood b…
Coronary circulation
brings oxygen rich blood to the heart and oxygen poor blood b…
9 terms
Nature of Science Part 2: Metric Prefixes
kilo
deci
centi
milli
10³ = 1,000 = thousand
10⁻¹ = 0.1= tenth
10⁻² = 0.01 = hundredth
10⁻³ 0.001= thousandth
kilo
10³ = 1,000 = thousand
deci
10⁻¹ = 0.1= tenth
25 terms
Sam's earth science review part 2
Big bang theory
Spectral lines
Every element
When objects are moving away from sour…
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
Gives evidence that the universe is expanding... isolated dark o…
Has a specific wavelength
they become longer (Doppler effect)
Big bang theory
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
Spectral lines
Gives evidence that the universe is expanding... isolated dark o…
12 terms
Science Plate Tectonics Part 2
mid-ocean ridge
sonar
sea-floor spreading
deep-ocean trench
An underwater moutain chain where new ocean floor is formed
sound navigation and ranging
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust t…
a deep valley along the ocean floor beneath which oceanic cru…
mid-ocean ridge
An underwater moutain chain where new ocean floor is formed
sonar
sound navigation and ranging
7 terms
BIOLOGY part 2
DNA replication
Transcription
Translation
DNA
DNA makes more DNA -takes place in nucleus
MRNA is made from instructions of DNA - takes place in nucleaus
Amino acids are dropped off at the ribosomes... Process by which…
Which molecule controls the production of protein in a cell.
DNA replication
DNA makes more DNA -takes place in nucleus
Transcription
MRNA is made from instructions of DNA - takes place in nucleaus
150 terms
EOC part 2 Biology
The Krebs Cycle is the first stage of…
In the second stage of respiration, ox…
In which organelle does cell respirati…
When there is not enough oxygen for ce…
cellular... waste
38
mitochondria
glycolysis... fermentation
The Krebs Cycle is the first stage of…
cellular... waste
In the second stage of respiration, ox…
38
15 terms
Marzano 1 Science List Part 2
nonliving
planet
predict
recycle
không sống
hành tinh
dự đoán
tái chế
nonliving
không sống
planet
hành tinh
37 terms
Human Biology: The Language of Life Science Part 2
hiber-
homo-
hydr-
hypo-
winter
same; alike
water
beneath; under; less
hiber-
winter
homo-
same; alike
20 terms
LV Biology Plant Nutrition: Part 2 Plant Transport
Leaves
Roots
Stem
Flowers
The major photosynthesising organ of a plant
The plant organ that anchors the plant and absorbs water and…
The plant organ that bears leaves and flowers and contains va…
The reproductive organ of a plant
Leaves
The major photosynthesising organ of a plant
Roots
The plant organ that anchors the plant and absorbs water and…
17 terms
Science Populations and Ecosystems Vocab. Part 2
Adaptation
Autotroph
Biomass
Carrying capacity
Any trait of an organism that increases its chances of surviv…
Organisms that make their own food
The total organic matter in an ecosystem
The maximum size of a population that can be supported by a g…
Adaptation
Any trait of an organism that increases its chances of surviv…
Autotroph
Organisms that make their own food
Academic Vocabulary for Science Part 2
element
equation
estimate
evaluation
a part, aspect:2 any of more than one hundred basic chemical…
a mathematical statement that two amounts are equal
to figure the amount or extent of, calculate; n. a calculatio…
an analysis, study
element
a part, aspect:2 any of more than one hundred basic chemical…
equation
a mathematical statement that two amounts are equal
20 terms
Biology Part 2
anti
cephalo
chloro
cysto
against
head
green
bladder,sac
anti
against
cephalo
head
Cell Biology Part 2
surface to volume ratio
light microscope
electron microscope
TEM transmission electron microscopy
a high surface area to volume ratio facilitates the exchange…
light goes through the specimen, little to no contrast.
shoots electrons out instead of using light. 2 types, SEM and…
2D images, higher resolution
surface to volume ratio
a high surface area to volume ratio facilitates the exchange…
light microscope
light goes through the specimen, little to no contrast.
46 terms
Science 2 (Part 2)
3 basic leaf shapes
petiole
sessile
opposite
broad, flat leaves; long, narrow leaves; needlelike or scale-…
leaves attach to node by the petiole
the plant has no petiole
2 leaves from the node
3 basic leaf shapes
broad, flat leaves; long, narrow leaves; needlelike or scale-…
petiole
leaves attach to node by the petiole
69 terms
ACS Science 9 Biology part 2
gene
trait
interphase
Mitosis
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
not a stage in mitosis. The cell is growing, producing protei…
Division of nuclear material
gene
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
trait
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
11 terms
Science Vocab part 2
graduated cylinder
beaker
flask
test tube
to measure liquids accurately (ml)
to hold and mix liquids and chemicals (ml)
to mix and store chemicals (ml)
for mixing very small amounts of chemicals
graduated cylinder
to measure liquids accurately (ml)
beaker
to hold and mix liquids and chemicals (ml)
19 terms
biology part 2
boidiversity
mutation
adaptation
homologous structure
number of different species living in a specific area
permanent change in DNA
Inherited characteristics of a species that develops over tim…
automatically similar structure inherited from a common ances…
boidiversity
number of different species living in a specific area
mutation
permanent change in DNA
19 terms
Biology part 2
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
A large molecule consisting of many identical or similar mono…
A sugar (monosaccharide) or one of its dimers (disaccharides)…
The simplest carbohydrate, active alone or serving as a monom…
Monomer
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
Polymer
A large molecule consisting of many identical or similar mono…
62 terms
biology and chemistry part 2
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
chemical reaction
reactants
v: carbon based molecules
v: non carbon based molecules
v:matter that is constantly being rearrranged
v: starting elements that are going to be bonded in the react…
organic molecules
v: carbon based molecules
inorganic molecules
v: non carbon based molecules
18 terms
Biology terms part 2
Biology
Enzyme
Observation
Control group
the scientific study of living organisms and their interactio…
a type of protein that speeds up metabolic reactions in plant…
Observation is the act of noting or perceiving objects or eve…
In an experiment, the control group is a group that serves as…
Biology
the scientific study of living organisms and their interactio…
Enzyme
a type of protein that speeds up metabolic reactions in plant…
15 terms
Cell Biology Part 2
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Osmosis
Facilitated Transportation (diffusion)
The movement of materials without using a cells energy. Movin…
The passive movement of molecules along a concentration gradi…
The diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membra…
The passive transportation of materials across the membrane u…
Passive Transport
The movement of materials without using a cells energy. Movin…
Diffusion
The passive movement of molecules along a concentration gradi…
19 terms
Part 2 biology
emia
amyl-
amni-
calor-
blood condition example:anemia, septicemia, leukemia, uremia
starch
fetal membrance
heat
emia
blood condition example:anemia, septicemia, leukemia, uremia
amyl-
starch
10 terms
Biology Vocabulary Part 2
poaching
limiting factors
keystone species
carrying capacity
illegal removal or killonf of organisms from their habitat
an environmental factor that causes a population to stop grow…
an organism that plays a crucial role in the way an ecosystem…
maximum population of an area's resources that can support a…
poaching
illegal removal or killonf of organisms from their habitat
limiting factors
an environmental factor that causes a population to stop grow…
24 terms
Biology Definitions Part 2
Habitat
Ecological Niche
Competition
Predation
An area that provides an organism with its basic needs for su…
A specific role of a species within an ecosystem, including i…
A common demand by two or more organisms upon a limited suppl…
An interaction in which one organism captures and feeds on an…
Habitat
An area that provides an organism with its basic needs for su…
Ecological Niche
A specific role of a species within an ecosystem, including i…
21 terms
Science Vocab- part 2
Element
Electron
Proton
Nuetron
Definition- a part or aspect of something abstract, especiall…
Definition- a stable subatomic particle with a charge of nega…
Definition- The proton is a subatomic particle, symbol p or p…
Definition-a subatomic particle of about the same mass as a p…
Element
Definition- a part or aspect of something abstract, especiall…
Electron
Definition- a stable subatomic particle with a charge of nega…
Cell Biology part 2
Diffusion (movement of substances...)
Active transport (movement of substanc…
Osmosis
Diffusion & Osmosis
• Does not require energy... • High to low concentration... • Down…
• Requires energy... • Low to high concentration ... • Against a co…
• Does not require energy... • Movement of water from high to lo…
Occurs faster across a thin membrane, rather than a thicker m…
Diffusion (movement of substances...)
• Does not require energy... • High to low concentration... • Down…
Active transport (movement of substanc…
• Requires energy... • Low to high concentration ... • Against a co…
53 terms
AS2 Biology / B2 Part 2
long chains of amino acids
structural components of muscles, horm…
enzymes
proteins
What are proteins?
What can proteins act as? (4 things)
What are biological catalysts also called?
What are enzymes made from?
long chains of amino acids
What are proteins?
structural components of muscles, horm…
What can proteins act as? (4 things)
10 terms
Science vocabulary part 2
DNA
Chromsome
Binary fission
Asexual reproduction
deoxyribonucleic acid; a molecule found in cells that carries…
Chromosomes are the intracellular structures made of the cell…
a method of asexual reproduction in which single-celled organ…
the generation of offspring from a single parent that occurs…
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; a molecule found in cells that carries…
Chromsome
Chromosomes are the intracellular structures made of the cell…
25 terms
Sc 9 Biology Part 2
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Replication
The stages of life for a cell
When cells carry out life functions
Divides the cell's nucleus into two equal parts
DNA makes an identical copy of itself
Cell Cycle
The stages of life for a cell
Interphase
When cells carry out life functions
8 terms
biology part 2
pharynx
trachea
larynx
bronchus
passageway for both air and food ... :air and food
windpipe; tube through which air moves ... :windpipe
structure in the throat containing the vocal cords ... :vocal co…
passageway leading from the trachea to a lung ... :trachea-->lung
pharynx
passageway for both air and food ... :air and food
trachea
windpipe; tube through which air moves ... :windpipe
22 terms
Science part 2
Spectroscope
Astronomical unit
Light-year
Apparent magnitude
Spreads light into different wavelengths.
The average distance between the Earth and the Sun is about 1…
the distance light travels in 1 year
An object is a measure of how bright it appears from Earth
Spectroscope
Spreads light into different wavelengths.
Astronomical unit
The average distance between the Earth and the Sun is about 1…
17 terms
Biology part 2
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Vesicles
Controls movement in and of the cell
Watery material that contains many materials involved in cell…
Serves as a control center for cell metabolism and reproduction
Organelle used for transporting materials around the cell
Cell membrane
Controls movement in and of the cell
Cytoplasm
Watery material that contains many materials involved in cell…
27 terms
biology part 2
heterozygous
homozygous
Earth is billions of years old and the…
survival of the fittest
alleles are different from each other
alleles are identical to each other
origins on Earth
Darwins theory that only the strongest of the species will su…
heterozygous
alleles are different from each other
homozygous
alleles are identical to each other
37 terms
Biology Part 2
what are organic compounds
carbon atoms are what
carbon can form with what
carbon can form what
compounds that contain carbon atoms bonded to other carbon at…
strong and stable bonds
other carbon atoms or oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulfur, and…
chains that are almost unlimited in size
what are organic compounds
compounds that contain carbon atoms bonded to other carbon at…
carbon atoms are what
strong and stable bonds
103 terms
Biology 151 part 2
What are the four life processes in ce…
What does manufactoring involve?
Carbohydrates
what are the simplest carbohydrates
1. Manufacturing... 2. Breakdown of molecules... 3. Energy processi…
Nucleus, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum & golgi apparatus
includes sugars and the polymers of sugars
monosaccharides (single sugars)
What are the four life processes in ce…
1. Manufacturing... 2. Breakdown of molecules... 3. Energy processi…
What does manufactoring involve?
Nucleus, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum & golgi apparatus
10 terms
Biology terms part 2
Pioneer species
Pipette
Population
Predator
The first organisms to become established in a new habitat.
A laboratory tool that looks like a slender tube but works so…
All the individuals of a single species that live in a specif…
An animal that hunts and kills other animals for food.
Pioneer species
The first organisms to become established in a new habitat.
Pipette
A laboratory tool that looks like a slender tube but works so…
57 terms
Biology part 2
Chromosomes
DNA
Nucleotide
Helicase
are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of anim…
Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule that carries most of the…
are organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits…
are enzymes that bind and may even remodel nucleic acid or nu…
Chromosomes
are thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of anim…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule that carries most of the…
71 terms
Insect biology part 2
Feeding Modes (4)
Guilds
Carnivore guilds (3)
Parasite subguilds (2)
carnivore, herbivore, omnivore, detritivore
Groups of organisms that consume food in a similar way
predator, parasite, parasitoid
internal, external
Feeding Modes (4)
carnivore, herbivore, omnivore, detritivore
Guilds
Groups of organisms that consume food in a similar way
11 terms
Science Vocabulary Part 2
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
Electron
-The control center of a cell... -The dense central part of a atom
A positively changed particle found in the nucleus of an atom
A particle in the nucleus of an atom that has an electric cha…
A negatively charged particle in an atom
Nucleus
-The control center of a cell... -The dense central part of a atom
Proton
A positively changed particle found in the nucleus of an atom
9 terms
TEAS Science- Biology and A&P- Part 2
Mitochondria
Microtubules
Nucleolus
Chloroplasts
Location where ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is produced.
Cellular tracks that, during mitosis, form the mitotic spindl…
Small body within the nucleus and functions to produce riboso…
In plants, contain chlorphyll which allows the capture of sun…
Mitochondria
Location where ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is produced.
Microtubules
Cellular tracks that, during mitosis, form the mitotic spindl…
5 terms
Life Science (E): interactions between organisms (part 2)
symbiosis
mutualism
commensalism
parasitism
a close, long-term association between two or more species (t…
a type of symbiosis: BOTH organisms BENEFIT from the relation…
a type of symbiosis: ONE of the organisms BENEFITS, while the…
a type of symbiosis: ONE of the organisms BENEFITS, while the…
symbiosis
a close, long-term association between two or more species (t…
mutualism
a type of symbiosis: BOTH organisms BENEFIT from the relation…
23 terms
Biology part 2
Golgi Apparatus - Function
Golgi Apparatus --Structure (Golgi Body)
Centrioles
Centrioles --function
modifies and sorts proteins for storage outside of the cell
> close to the membrane... > flattened stacks of membranes
found only in animal cells
create the microtubule used in cell division
Golgi Apparatus - Function
modifies and sorts proteins for storage outside of the cell
Golgi Apparatus --Structure (Golgi Body)
> close to the membrane... > flattened stacks of membranes
13 terms
biology cell part 2
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Chloroplasts
Outside barrier of cell... Made of: ... lipid bilayer... proteins
Control center of the cell... Contains DNA (or chromosomes
Convert the chemical energy (food/glucose) into cell energy a…
Converts solar energy into chemical energy (sugars) a proces…
Cell Membrane
Outside barrier of cell... Made of: ... lipid bilayer... proteins
Nucleus
Control center of the cell... Contains DNA (or chromosomes
45 terms
Twig I Science part 2
air
natural
elements
soil
air
natural
Biology Animals (part 2)
Class Turbellaria
Planaria
Pharynx
Circular Layer
Phylum Platyhelminthes
Class Turbellaria
feeding tube
goes around
Class Turbellaria
Phylum Platyhelminthes
Planaria
Class Turbellaria
27 terms
Science Elements Part 2
Ni
Cu
Zn
Ga
Nickel
Copper
Zinc
Gallium
Ni
Nickel
Cu
Copper
Science Vocab. Part 2
Energy Transformation
Conductor
Insulator
Kinetic Energy
The change of energy from one form to another.
Substance that readily passes heat or electrical energy.
A material that does not conduct heat or electrical energy.
Energy of movement.
Energy Transformation
The change of energy from one form to another.
Conductor
Substance that readily passes heat or electrical energy.
16 terms
Apologia Science -Biology- Module #1 study guide (Part 2)
What are the four criteria for life?
An organism in classified as a carnivo…
An organism has receptors on tentacles…
A parent and two offspring are studied…
1. All life forms contain dexyribonulcleic acid, which is cal…
Heterotroph. Decomposer.
...
Sexually.
What are the four criteria for life?
1. All life forms contain dexyribonulcleic acid, which is cal…
An organism in classified as a carnivo…
Heterotroph. Decomposer.
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