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Study sets matching "science chapter 11 genetics"

239 terms
[Science]: Chapter 11 -- Genetics
What is a character trait?
What are the factors responsible for c…
What is a chromosome?
What is chromatin?
an attribute (quality) that varies from one individual to ano…
A. Chromosomes ... B. DNA and genes ... C. Proteins
a structure formed from chromatin( a group of substances (DNA…
a group of substances (DNA + protein) that do not divide.
What is a character trait?
an attribute (quality) that varies from one individual to ano…
What are the factors responsible for c…
A. Chromosomes ... B. DNA and genes ... C. Proteins
27 terms
genetics chapter 11 science
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Science Chapter 11 Genetics
Gene
Allele
True- breeding
Hybrid
A short segment of DNA that contains the instructions for a s…
Different forms of a gene
A plant that is allowed to self-pollinate will produce identi…
The offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Gene
A short segment of DNA that contains the instructions for a s…
Allele
Different forms of a gene
28 terms
Science: Chapter 11 - Genetics
Sex chromosomes
Autosomes
Karyotype
NBD
One of the 23 pairs of chromosomes, contains genes that will…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome, and ARE THE SAME…
A preparation of an individual's metaphase chromosomes, sorte…
Neurobiological Disorder
Sex chromosomes
One of the 23 pairs of chromosomes, contains genes that will…
Autosomes
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome, and ARE THE SAME…
6 terms
Science chapter 11 genetics
Genetics
Inherited characteristics
Non-inherited characteristics
Chromosomes
Are the study of how traits/characteristics are inherited
Controlled by genes. Passed on from parent to child
Are learned through life
Are located in nucleus of the cell. Made of DNA and protein
Genetics
Are the study of how traits/characteristics are inherited
Inherited characteristics
Controlled by genes. Passed on from parent to child
49 terms
Science Chapter 11: Genetics
A _________________ is characteristic…
Dog breeders select certain traits to…
Ancient dog breaders thought that the…
An organism's ____________ is the set…
Trait
Example of traits.
traits inherited
hereditary
A _________________ is characteristic…
Trait
Dog breeders select certain traits to…
Example of traits.
15 terms
Science chapter 11 Genetics
alleles
fertilization
gametes
hybrids
different forms of a gene
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Reproductive Cells; egg & sperm
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
alleles
different forms of a gene
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
25 terms
Science Genetics Chapter 11
Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Mendel's Initial Study
Characters
study of heredity; how traits are passed from parents to offs…
"Father of Genetics" lived in a monastry in austria, moved to…
purple pea plants crossed with white pea plants. the plants w…
physical features that are inherited
Genetics
study of heredity; how traits are passed from parents to offs…
Gregor Mendel
"Father of Genetics" lived in a monastry in austria, moved to…
24 terms
science chapter 11 genetics
sex chromosomes
phenotype
genotype
How many pairs of chromosomes are in h…
carry the genes that determine gender. Can also carry genes t…
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
46
sex chromosomes
carry the genes that determine gender. Can also carry genes t…
phenotype
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
27 terms
{Science} Chapter 11: Genetics
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
Scientific study of heredity.
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
genetics
Scientific study of heredity.
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
12 terms
science:genetics chapter 11
Who was Gregor Mendel?
heredity
allele
trait
the father of genetics
the act of transmission of characteristics from parents to of…
one of the alternative forms of a gene that governs a charact…
genetically determined variant of a characteristic
Who was Gregor Mendel?
the father of genetics
heredity
the act of transmission of characteristics from parents to of…
24 terms
Science chapter 11: Genetics
long ago people thought that an organi…
what is heredity
he is known as the father of genetics
what is genetics
the parents traits blended together like paint (blended inher…
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
Gregor mendel
the study of how traits are passed form parent to offspring
long ago people thought that an organi…
the parents traits blended together like paint (blended inher…
what is heredity
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
26 terms
Science Chapter 11 - Genetics
heredity
genetics
dominant
recessive
the passing of traits from parents to offsprings
the study of how traits are passed from parent to offsprings
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
a genetic factor that is blocked by the presence of a dominan…
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offsprings
genetics
the study of how traits are passed from parent to offsprings
15 terms
Chapter 11:Genetics
The Law of Segregation
Allele
Dominant Allele
Homozygous
Mendel's first law, stating that the two alleles in a pair se…
Any of the alternative versions of a gene that may produce di…
An allele that is fully expressed in the phenotype of a heter…
Having two identical alleles for a given gene; homozygous dom…
The Law of Segregation
Mendel's first law, stating that the two alleles in a pair se…
Allele
Any of the alternative versions of a gene that may produce di…
35 terms
Science Chapter 11 Human Genetics Vocabulary & More
sex chromosomes
sex-linked gene
carrier
genetic disorder
A pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
A gene that is carried on a sex (X or Y) chromosome.
A person who has one recessive allele and one dominant allele…
An abnormal condition that a person inherits through genes or…
sex chromosomes
A pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
sex-linked gene
A gene that is carried on a sex (X or Y) chromosome.
21 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
trait
gene
scientific study of heredity
process of sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
a specific characteristic of an individual
a factor that is passed from parent to offspring.
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process of sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
54 terms
genetics chapter 11
DNA replication
template strands
daughter strands
conservative model
Copying genetic material.
parental strands that serve as a guide for the creation of da…
products of DNA replication identical to the template strand
a hypothesis where both strands of a parental DNA remain toge…
DNA replication
Copying genetic material.
template strands
parental strands that serve as a guide for the creation of da…
10 terms
Chapter 11: Genetics
gene
Chromosome
phenotype
sex-linked trait
information about a trait that a parent passes to its offspri…
rod-shaped structure found in the nucleus of a cell.
an organism's appearance as a result of its combination of ge…
determined by an organism's sex chromosomes.
gene
information about a trait that a parent passes to its offspri…
Chromosome
rod-shaped structure found in the nucleus of a cell.
29 terms
Chapter 11:Genetics
Trait
P Generation
F1 generation
F2 generation
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
The first filial, hybrid (heterozygous) offspring arising fro…
The offspring resulting from interbreeding (or self-pollinati…
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
P Generation
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
Genetics Chapter 11
Allele
Cross-fertilization
Dominant
Gene
Alternate variation of a trait
Pollen from one plant fertilizes the ova from a different plant
Only 1 copy of this allele must be present in order to see th…
A segment of DNA that encodes information for a specific trait
Allele
Alternate variation of a trait
Cross-fertilization
Pollen from one plant fertilizes the ova from a different plant
16 terms
Science Genetics Test Chapter 11
Acquired Trait
Inherited Trait
Trait
Gene
A characteristic that an organism gets during it's lifetime.…
A characteristic that an organism is born with. (i.e. hair co…
A distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically belongi…
The basic unit of heredity, information for a trait.
Acquired Trait
A characteristic that an organism gets during it's lifetime.…
Inherited Trait
A characteristic that an organism is born with. (i.e. hair co…
41 terms
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves thro…
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
29 terms
Chapter 11:Genetics
Trait
P Generation
F1 generation
F2 generation
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
The first filial, hybrid (heterozygous) offspring arising fro…
The offspring resulting from interbreeding (or self-pollinati…
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
P Generation
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
22 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics
Genetics
fertilization
trait
alleles
The Scientific Study of Heredity
Male and Female reproductive cells join in a process known as
A specific characteristic such as seed shape or color is a
The different forms of a gene.
Genetics
The Scientific Study of Heredity
fertilization
Male and Female reproductive cells join in a process known as
45 terms
Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
meiosis
homologous chromosome
sex chromosomes
diploid
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have t…
One of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in the human, contains gen…
A cell containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from…
meiosis
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
homologous chromosome
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have t…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
True breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
True breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
19 terms
Chapter 11 Introduction to Genetics
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Fusion of male and female gametes.
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
fertilization
Fusion of male and female gametes.
27 terms
Chapter 11 Introduction to Genetics
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
the scientific study of heredity
a process during sexual reproduction when male and female rep…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
a specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height…
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
fertilization
a process during sexual reproduction when male and female rep…
21 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics: The Science of Heredity Vocabulary
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Fertilization
Passing of physical characteristics from parent to offspring.
Each specific characteristics
Scientific study of heredity
The process when the egg and the sperm cell begin to join
Heredity
Passing of physical characteristics from parent to offspring.
Trait
Each specific characteristics
31 terms
Chapter 11: introduction to genetics
genetics
true-breeding
hybrid
cross-pollination
study of heredity; transmission of characteristics from paren…
plants allowed to self-pollinate
off-spring of crosses between parents with different traits
male sex cells in pollen from the flower on one plant fertili…
genetics
study of heredity; transmission of characteristics from paren…
true-breeding
plants allowed to self-pollinate
Chapter 11 Mendelian Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
The study of heredity
The joining together of male and female gametes to produce a…
A specific characteristic
Consisting of two different traits
Genetics
The study of heredity
Fertilization
The joining together of male and female gametes to produce a…
33 terms
Chapter 11 Mendelian Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
The study of heredity
The joining together of male and female gametes to produce a…
A specific characteristic
Consisting of two different traits
Genetics
The study of heredity
Fertilization
The joining together of male and female gametes to produce a…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
trait
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
a specific chracteristic
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
25 terms
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
25 terms
Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
male and female reproductive cell join
production of offspring identical to parents
specific characteristic
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
male and female reproductive cell join
30 terms
Chapter 11 Genetics
Gene for cystic fibrosis
Gene for sickle cell disease
Chromosome size
Histone Proteins
(chromosome 7)
(chromosome 11)
Chromosomes contain a huge amount of non redundant informatio…
Small basic (+) proteins... • Share a common structural fold... • T…
Gene for cystic fibrosis
(chromosome 7)
Gene for sickle cell disease
(chromosome 11)
17 terms
genetics chapter 11
chromosomal DNA
supercoiling
relaxed circular DNA
positive super coiling
exists in the form of a very long molecules that are tightly…
coiled tertiary structure that forms when strain is placed on…
relaxed state when is a circular, 100 bp/10 complete turns
molecules that are overrotated, an overwound DNA
chromosomal DNA
exists in the form of a very long molecules that are tightly…
supercoiling
coiled tertiary structure that forms when strain is placed on…
10 terms
Science 7 - Chapter 11 - Modern Genetics
heredity
alleles
genetics
hybrids
the passing of traits from offspring.
different forms of a trait that a gene may have
the study of how traits are inherited through the inter actio…
they received different genetic in for a trait from each parent
heredity
the passing of traits from offspring.
alleles
different forms of a trait that a gene may have
35 terms
Science Chapter 11 Human Genetics Vocabulary & More
sex chromosomes
sex-linked gene
carrier
genetic disorder
A pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
A gene that is carried on a sex (X or Y) chromosome.
A person who has one recessive allele and one dominant allele…
An abnormal condition that a person inherits through genes or…
sex chromosomes
A pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
sex-linked gene
A gene that is carried on a sex (X or Y) chromosome.
35 terms
Science Chapter 11 Human Genetics Vocabulary & More
sex chromosomes
sex-linked gene
carrier
genetic disorder
A pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
A gene that is carried on a sex (X or Y) chromosome.
A person who has one recessive allele and one dominant allele…
An abnormal condition that a person inherits through genes or…
sex chromosomes
A pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
sex-linked gene
A gene that is carried on a sex (X or Y) chromosome.
16 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
43 terms
Chapter 11 - Mendelian Genetics
traits
genes
genotype
phenotype
-characteristics of an individual... -some are inheritable, whil…
control traits of an organism
-genetic constitution of an organism... -provide only the potent…
-observable trait or set of traits (structural and functional…
traits
-characteristics of an individual... -some are inheritable, whil…
genes
control traits of an organism
13 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 11: Heredity and Genetics
carrier
pedigree
autosome
codominance
individual heterogeneous for a recessive disorder such as cys…
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
complex inheritance pattern that occurs when neither allele i…
carrier
individual heterogeneous for a recessive disorder such as cys…
pedigree
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
31 terms
Chapter 11: Genetics
Genetics
Heredity
trait
pollination
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
a genetically determined characteristic
the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures…
Genetics
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
Heredity
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
17 terms
Chapter 11 genetics
Genetics
Heredity
Fertilization
Zygote
The scientific study of heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
the joining of reproductive cells to produce a zygote
A fertilized egg
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
15 terms
Chapter 11: Genetics Vocabulary
heredity
alleles
homozygous
phenotype
the passing of traits from parent to organism
different forms of a trait that make up a gene pair
having two identical alleles for a particular gene
physical characteristics of an organism
heredity
the passing of traits from parent to organism
alleles
different forms of a trait that make up a gene pair
13 terms
Genetics - Chapter 11
carrier
pedigree
autosome
codominance
individual heterozygous for a recessive disorder such as cyst…
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
complex inheritance pattern that occurs when neither allele i…
carrier
individual heterozygous for a recessive disorder such as cyst…
pedigree
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
12 terms
chapter 11 genetics
gamete
genotype
homozygous
Recessive alleles
reproductive cell containing only half of the genetic material
organisms entire genetic make up
two allele codes are the same (RR)
the result of there being no dominant allele
gamete
reproductive cell containing only half of the genetic material
genotype
organisms entire genetic make up
23 terms
Genetics: WHS Biology Chapter 11
genetics
fertilization
trait
gene
the scientific study of heredity
the process in sexual reproduction in which male and female r…
a specific characteristic of an individual
a factor that is passed from parent to offspring
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
fertilization
the process in sexual reproduction in which male and female r…
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