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Study sets matching "science chapter 2 nature"

14 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary - The Nature of Science
Science
Scientific Inquiry
Scientific Method
Observation
A process for observing and questioning the natural world.
Investigation of a natural phenomenon by observing, asking qu…
Planned and organized steps of investigation.
The use of the 5 senses to gather information.
Science
A process for observing and questioning the natural world.
Scientific Inquiry
Investigation of a natural phenomenon by observing, asking qu…
24 terms
Science 7 Chapter 2 Cycles in Nature
Food Chain
Chlorophyll
Photosynthesis
bioaccumulation
a model that shows how food energy passes from organism to or…
a green pigment found in producers that traps energy from the…
the process by which producers use trapped energy from the su…
the increase of pollutant concentration through the levels of…
Food Chain
a model that shows how food energy passes from organism to or…
Chlorophyll
a green pigment found in producers that traps energy from the…
The Nature of Science and Technology Chapter 2
metric system
SI units
mass
weight
a system of measurement based on the number 10
universal measurement system using kilo- hecto- deka- deci- c…
measure of the amount of matter an object contains
measure of the force of gravity acting on an object
metric system
a system of measurement based on the number 10
SI units
universal measurement system using kilo- hecto- deka- deci- c…
18 terms
Chapter 2: The Nature of Science
Cause and Effect
Controlled Experiment
Empirical Evidence
Fact
Every event or outcome in nature has a source; if a scientist…
A test or manipulation in which a scientist keeps all variabl…
Information that one gets from direct observation, from exper…
Things that you know to be true
Cause and Effect
Every event or outcome in nature has a source; if a scientist…
Controlled Experiment
A test or manipulation in which a scientist keeps all variabl…
25 terms
Nature of Science Chapter 2
nonlinear graph
slope
linear graph
line of best fit
a line graph in which the data points do not fall along a str…
the steepness of a graph line; the ratio of the vertical chan…
a line graph in which the data points yield a straight line
a smooth line that reflects the general pattern in a graph
nonlinear graph
a line graph in which the data points do not fall along a str…
slope
the steepness of a graph line; the ratio of the vertical chan…
14 terms
8th Science Chapter 2 The Nature of Matter
matter
substance
physical properties
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substances that describes its abil…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
20 terms
Chapter 2: The Nature of Science
All of the following qualities help en…
During the process of peer review, sci…
The goal of science is to understand
Which tool would you expect a geologis…
Response: the desire to find the answer to a problem as quick…
Response: determining if they can sell the discovery to others
Response: the natural world
Response: soil auger,hand lens,and rock hammer
All of the following qualities help en…
Response: the desire to find the answer to a problem as quick…
During the process of peer review, sci…
Response: determining if they can sell the discovery to others
26 terms
Nature of Science Vocal Chapter 2
Chemistry
Qualitative
Quantitative
Matter
the branch of science that deals with the identification of t…
involving distinctions based on qualities
Data that is numbers based.
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Chemistry
the branch of science that deals with the identification of t…
Qualitative
involving distinctions based on qualities
6 terms
Chapter 2 - The Nature of Science
scientific thinking
replication
pseudoscience
scientific method
using cognitive skills required to generate, test, and revise…
the repetition of a study to confirm the results; it is essen…
claims presented as scientific that are not supported by evid…
observe, predict, test, interpret, communicate
scientific thinking
using cognitive skills required to generate, test, and revise…
replication
the repetition of a study to confirm the results; it is essen…
20 terms
Chapter 2: The Nature of Science
The goal of science is to:
Two important qualities of a successfu…
Every scientific idea or technological…
Scientists test their ideas by:
Understand our natural world
1. Logic... 2. Curiosity
The mind of a person
Performing experiments
The goal of science is to:
Understand our natural world
Two important qualities of a successfu…
1. Logic... 2. Curiosity
Chapter 2 Natural Science
Gifford Pinchot, conservationist view.
John muir, preservationist view
hetch hetchy
instrumental ethics
biggest benefit for the most people, or preserve things for t…
parks and private lands should preserve wild nature in their…
a dam and a national park was created by john muir
good because it provides the means for acquiring something el…
Gifford Pinchot, conservationist view.
biggest benefit for the most people, or preserve things for t…
John muir, preservationist view
parks and private lands should preserve wild nature in their…
10 terms
Natural Science Chapter 2
equilibrium rule
force
inertia
net force
EF = 0
a push or a pull
the property by which things tend to remain at rest if at res…
the sum of all force that act on an object
equilibrium rule
EF = 0
force
a push or a pull
13 terms
Science 7 Chapter 2 The Nature of Science
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Conclusion
Experiment
A step-by-step process used by scientists to help them test t…
An educated guess about the solution to the problem
a judgement based on the results of the experiment
organized process used to test a hypothosis
Scientific Method
A step-by-step process used by scientists to help them test t…
Hypothesis
An educated guess about the solution to the problem
8 terms
Nature of Science Chapter 2
What is Boyle's Sceptical Chemist and…
Paradigm shifts are revolutions in sci…
What are protons and neutrons made up…
What is the antiparticle of an electron?
Scientific knowledge needs to be justified by evidence from p…
Dalton's atomic theory.
Quarks
A positron
What is Boyle's Sceptical Chemist and…
Scientific knowledge needs to be justified by evidence from p…
Paradigm shifts are revolutions in sci…
Dalton's atomic theory.
13 terms
The Nature of Science and Technology Chapter 2
metric system
SI units
mass
weight
a system of measurement based on the number 10
universal measurement system using kilo- hecto- deka- deci- c…
measure of the amount of matter an object contains
measure of the force of gravity acting on an object
metric system
a system of measurement based on the number 10
SI units
universal measurement system using kilo- hecto- deka- deci- c…
25 terms
The Nature of Science: Chapter 2 - The Work of Scientists
accuracy
coordinate
data point
density
How close a measurement is to the true or accepted value.
A pair of numbers used to determine the position of a point o…
A point on a graph showing the location of a piece of data.
A measure of how much mass is contained in a given volume.
accuracy
How close a measurement is to the true or accepted value.
coordinate
A pair of numbers used to determine the position of a point o…
13 terms
NST - The Nature of Science and Technology Chapter 2
metric system
SI units
mass
weight
a system of measurement based on the number 10
universal measurement system using kilo- hecto- deka- deci- c…
measure of the amount of matter an object contains
measure of the force of gravity acting on an object
metric system
a system of measurement based on the number 10
SI units
universal measurement system using kilo- hecto- deka- deci- c…
24 terms
Chapter 2 nature of science vocabulary
Scientific practices
hypothesis
experiment
variables
...
...
...
...
Scientific practices
...
hypothesis
...
29 terms
Natural Science Chapter 2
net force
static friction
unbalanced force
balanced force
sum of all the forces that are acting on an object
frictional force that prevents two surfaces from sliding past…
forces acting on an object that are unequal in opposite direc…
forces on an object that are equal in size and opposite direc…
net force
sum of all the forces that are acting on an object
static friction
frictional force that prevents two surfaces from sliding past…
10 terms
Natural Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Equilibrium Rule
Force
Inertia
Net Force
EF=0
A push or a pull
The property by which things tend to remain at rest if at res…
The sum of all forces that act on an object
Equilibrium Rule
EF=0
Force
A push or a pull
41 terms
Science--Chapter 2: The Nature of Matter
Chemistry
What 2 kinds of properties are used to…
physical change
How is chemical energy related to chem…
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
Every form of matter has two kinds of properties—physical pro…
any change that alters the form or appearance of matter but d…
During a chemical change, chemical energy may be changed to -…
Chemistry
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
What 2 kinds of properties are used to…
Every form of matter has two kinds of properties—physical pro…
16 terms
The Nature of Force Science Chapter2
force
newton
net force
friction
is a push or pull
the strength of force
the net force determines if and how an object will accelerate.
the force that two surfaces exert on each other
force
is a push or pull
newton
the strength of force
37 terms
Science Chapter 2- The Nature of Matter
matter
Electromagnetic energy
Endothermic Change
Exothermic
anything that has mass and takes up space
form of light
energy is taken in
energy is released
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Electromagnetic energy
form of light
26 terms
The Nature Of Science and Technology Chapter 2
Metric System
SI
Metric ruler
Meter
System of measurement based on the number 10
A metric system called International System of units
Common tool used to measure length
Basic unit of length in the SI system
Metric System
System of measurement based on the number 10
SI
A metric system called International System of units
36 terms
The Nature Of Science and Technology Chapter 2
Metric System
SI
Mass
Weight
System of measurement based on the number 10
A metric system called International System of units
Measurement of the amount of mass the matter has
Measurement of the force of gravity acting on an object
Metric System
System of measurement based on the number 10
SI
A metric system called International System of units
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 2: The Nature of Science
evidence
hypothesis
technology
scientific inquiry
material or data that can be measured and tested to verify th…
a tentative explanation for an observation or phenomenon.
the practical application of science to meet human needs, pro…
generally involves observing, asking questions, forming a hyp…
evidence
material or data that can be measured and tested to verify th…
hypothesis
a tentative explanation for an observation or phenomenon.
13 terms
6th grade Environmental Science: Chapter 2 Cycles in Nature
precipitation
evaporation
ground water
water and life
Water moves from the atmosphere to the land and oceans as rai…
The sun's heat causes water to change from liquid to vapor an…
Some precipitation seeps into the ground, where it is stored…
All organisms contain a lot of water. Your body is composed o…
precipitation
Water moves from the atmosphere to the land and oceans as rai…
evaporation
The sun's heat causes water to change from liquid to vapor an…
7 terms
Nature of Science: Ch 2-2 Mathematics & Science
accuracy
precision
estimate
mean
closeness of measurement to correct or accepted value
closeness of values for set of measurements
finding a number that is close enough to the right answer, ba…
numerical average
accuracy
closeness of measurement to correct or accepted value
precision
closeness of values for set of measurements
22 terms
The Nature Of Matter Chapter 2
Matter
Solid
liquid
viscosity
Anything that has mass and takes up space... Particles are in a…
A three-dimensional body or geometric figure. solid is very s…
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
A liquid's resistance to flowing
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space... Particles are in a…
Solid
A three-dimensional body or geometric figure. solid is very s…
14 terms
Science Chapter 2.1 - The Nature of Physical Science
Science
Controlled Experiment
Factor
Controlled Parameters
Knowledge gained from the natural world, events, and conditio…
An experiment in which all factors are the same except for one.
Anything reasonable to predict will change an experiment.
Factors that are the same.
Science
Knowledge gained from the natural world, events, and conditio…
Controlled Experiment
An experiment in which all factors are the same except for one.
10 terms
Natural science Chapter 2 Vocab
Inertia
Force
Speed
Velocity
The property of which things tend to remain at rest if at res…
A push or a pull.
the distance traveled per time.
The speed of an object and spacification.
Inertia
The property of which things tend to remain at rest if at res…
Force
A push or a pull.
Science: Physics: Chapter 2: The Nature of Force
force
newton
net force
friction
A push or pull exerted on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force on an object when all the individual forces…
The force that two surfaces exert on each other when they rub…
force
A push or pull exerted on an object
newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
14 terms
Mc Dougal Littell Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary - The Nature of Science
Science
Scientific Inquiry
Scientific Method
Observation
A process for observing and questioning the natural world.
Investigation of a natural phenomenon by observing, asking qu…
Planned and organized steps of investigation.
The use of the 5 senses to gather information.
Science
A process for observing and questioning the natural world.
Scientific Inquiry
Investigation of a natural phenomenon by observing, asking qu…
26 terms
Science Chapter 2 Study Guide The Nature of Matter
Matter
Substance
Physical Property
Chemical Property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Substance
a single kind of matter that is pure
22 terms
Chapter 2 - The Nature of Matter
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure with a specific makeup o…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure with a specific makeup o…
Chapter 2: The Interdisciplinary Nature of Environmental Science
Accuracy
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
Atoms
How close a measurement is to its actual value
The sum of the number of neutrons and protons in the nucleus…
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
The smallest unit of matter that maintains the characteristic…
Accuracy
How close a measurement is to its actual value
Atomic Mass
The sum of the number of neutrons and protons in the nucleus…
55 terms
SUBAREA 1: THE NATURE OF SCIENCE: The Nature of Science & Technology: Chapter 2: The Work of Scientists
METRIC SYSTEM
THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM OF UNITS (SI)
SIX COMMON SI PREFIXES (SYMBOL AND MEA…
LENGTH
A system of measurement based on the number 10.
A version of the metric system used by scientists all over th…
King Henry Doesn't Usually Drink Chocolate Milk: ... kilo- k 1,…
The distance from one point to another. Its SI unit is the me…
METRIC SYSTEM
A system of measurement based on the number 10.
THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM OF UNITS (SI)
A version of the metric system used by scientists all over th…
26 terms
Chapter 2 The nature of matter
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
22 terms
Chapter 2 - The Nature of Matter
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure with a specific makeup o…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure with a specific makeup o…
10 terms
Chapter 2 natural science vocabulary
Equilibrium rule
force
inertia
net force
EF=0
a push or pull
the property by which things tend to remain at rest if at res…
the sum of all forces that act on an object
Equilibrium rule
EF=0
force
a push or pull
12 terms
Chapter 2 Natural Science Vocabulary
friction
acceleration
motion
displacement
force that opposes the sliding motion between two touching su…
rate of change of velocity
a change in an object's position to a reference point
distance and direction of an object's change in position from…
friction
force that opposes the sliding motion between two touching su…
acceleration
rate of change of velocity
26 terms
Chapter 2 The nature of matter
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
11 terms
Natural Science Chapter 2 Terms
Displacement
Reference point
Net force
Speed
Change in a position of an object
Place or object that you assume is fixed
Combination of forces acting on an object
Distance an object travels in a certain amount of time
Displacement
Change in a position of an object
Reference point
Place or object that you assume is fixed
20 terms
Nature of Science: Ch 2-1 Vocab - Measurement
metric system
SI
mass
weight
A system of measurement based on the number 10.
International System of Units; a version of the metric system…
A measure of the amount of matter an object contains.
A measure of the force of gravity acting on an object.
metric system
A system of measurement based on the number 10.
SI
International System of Units; a version of the metric system…
12 terms
chapter 2 & 3 natural science
motion
displacement
speed
velocity
change in an objects position
distance and direction of the objects change in position
distance an object travels per unit of time
speed of an object and direction of its motion
motion
change in an objects position
displacement
distance and direction of the objects change in position
26 terms
Chapter 2 The nature of matter
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
26 terms
Science 8 Chapter 2 - The Nature of Matter
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
Anything that has mass and occupies space
A single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific set o…
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
A characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space
substance
A single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific set o…
14 terms
Chapter 2-1 Nature of Matter vocabulary science
atoms
protons
neutrons
electrons
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
positively charged particles
neutrally charged particles
negatively charged particles; determine the chemical properti…
atoms
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
protons
positively charged particles
Chapter 2 The Nature of Matter
matter
substance
atom
chemical bond
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific prope…
the basic particle from which all elements are made
the force that holds atoms together
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific prope…
10 terms
CH 2: Nature of Science
In the 1800s, a woman might prefer to…
What data did Dr. Semmelweiss collect…
Why did Dr. Semmelweis think that the…
How did Dr. Semmelweis determine that…
Hospitals and doctors somehow increased risk of childbed fever.
He compared maternal death rates from childbed fever in the d…
Women treated by them were most likely to contract the disease.
A colleague accidently stabbed himself with a scalpel during…
In the 1800s, a woman might prefer to…
Hospitals and doctors somehow increased risk of childbed fever.
What data did Dr. Semmelweiss collect…
He compared maternal death rates from childbed fever in the d…
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