Study sets matching "science chapter 5 ap environmental"

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Study sets matching "science chapter 5 ap environmental"

33 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Species Richness
Species Eveness
Phylogeny
Roughly ten million
The number of species in a given area
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
The branching pattern of evolutionary relationships
How many species are there estimated to be today?
Species Richness
The number of species in a given area
Species Eveness
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Species Richness
Species Eveness
Phylogeny
Roughly ten million
The number of species in a given area
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
The branching pattern of evolutionary relationships
How many species are there estimated to be today?
Species Richness
The number of species in a given area
Species Eveness
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
33 terms
Environmental Science AP Chapter 5
Species Richness
Species Eveness
Phylogeny
The number of species estimated today
The number of species in a given area
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
The branching pattern of evolutionary relationships
Roughly ten million
Species Richness
The number of species in a given area
Species Eveness
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
36 terms
Environmental Science for AP* Chapter 5
ecosystem diversity
species diversity
genetic diversity
species richness
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
the measure of the variety of genes within a species
the number of species in a given area
ecosystem diversity
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
species diversity
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
22 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Interspecific Competition
Predation
Parasitism
Mutualism
Occurs when members of two or more species interact to gain a…
Occurs when a member of one species (the predator) feeds dire…
Occurs when one organism (the parasite) feeds on another orga…
An interaction the benefits both species by providing each wi…
Interspecific Competition
Occurs when members of two or more species interact to gain a…
Predation
Occurs when a member of one species (the predator) feeds dire…
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Species Richness
Species Evenness
Phylogeny
Evolution
The number of species in a given area
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
The branching pattern of evolutionary relationships
A change in the genetic composition of a population over time
Species Richness
The number of species in a given area
Species Evenness
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
36 terms
Environmental Science for AP Chapter 5
ecosystem diversity
species diversity
genetic diversity
species richness
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
the measure of the variety of genes within a species
the number of species in a given area
ecosystem diversity
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
species diversity
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Interspecific Competition
Predation
Parasitism
Mutualism
Occurs when members of two or more species interact to gain a…
Occurs when a member of one species (the predator) feeds dire…
Occurs when one organism (the parasite) feeds on another orga…
An interaction the benefits both species by providing each wi…
Interspecific Competition
Occurs when members of two or more species interact to gain a…
Predation
Occurs when a member of one species (the predator) feeds dire…
33 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Species Richness
Species Eveness
Phylogeny
Roughly ten million
The number of species in a given area
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
The branching pattern of evolutionary relationships
How many species are there estimated to be today?
Species Richness
The number of species in a given area
Species Eveness
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 5
interspecific competition
predation
parasitism
mutualism
This occurs when members of two or more species interact to g…
This occurs when a member of one species feeds directly on al…
This occurs when one organism feeds on another organism, usua…
It is an interaction that benefits both species by providing…
interspecific competition
This occurs when members of two or more species interact to g…
predation
This occurs when a member of one species feeds directly on al…
Environmental Science for AP: Chapter 5
Species Richness
Species Evenness
Phylogeny
Evolution
the number of species in a given area
the relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
the branching pattern of evolutionary relationships
A change in the genetic composition of a population over time
Species Richness
the number of species in a given area
Species Evenness
the relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
45 terms
AP Environmental Science - Chapter 5
hydrologic cycle
transpiration
runoff
watershed
Global circulation of H2O from the environment to living orga…
the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants
movement of water from land to bodies of water such as lakes…
area of land drained by a runoff
hydrologic cycle
Global circulation of H2O from the environment to living orga…
transpiration
the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants
36 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Friedland and Relyea Chapter 5
ecosystem diversity
species diversity
genetic diversity
species richness
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
the measure of the variety of genes within a species
the number of species in a given area
ecosystem diversity
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
species diversity
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
42 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 5
interspecific competition
predation
parasitism
mutualism
This occurs when members of two or more species interact to g…
This occurs when a member of one species feeds directly on al…
This occurs when one organism feeds on another organism, usua…
It is an interaction that benefits both species by providing…
interspecific competition
This occurs when members of two or more species interact to g…
predation
This occurs when a member of one species feeds directly on al…
37 terms
Environmental Science AP Chapter 5
Species Richness
Species Eveness
Phylogeny
The number of species estimated today
The number of species in a given area
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
The branching pattern of evolutionary relationships
Roughly ten million
Species Richness
The number of species in a given area
Species Eveness
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
35 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5 (Evolution of Biodiversity)
Ecosystem Diversity
Species Diversity
Genetic Diversity
Species Richness
Variety of ecosystems within a region
The variety of species within a region
Variety of genes within a given species
Number of species in a given area. (Pond, Canopy of a tree, e…
Ecosystem Diversity
Variety of ecosystems within a region
Species Diversity
The variety of species within a region
42 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 5
interspecific competition
predation
parasitism
mutualism
This occurs when members of two or more species interact to g…
This occurs when a member of one species feeds directly on al…
This occurs when one organism feeds on another organism, usua…
It is an interaction that benefits both species by providing…
interspecific competition
This occurs when members of two or more species interact to g…
predation
This occurs when a member of one species feeds directly on al…
34 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Ecosystem Diversity
Species Diversity
Genetic Diversity
Species Richness
the variety of ecosystems within a given region
the variety of species within a given ecosystem
the variety of genes within a given species
the number of species in a given area
Ecosystem Diversity
the variety of ecosystems within a given region
Species Diversity
the variety of species within a given ecosystem
Environmental Science for AP - Friedland and Relyea Chapter 5
ecosystem diversity
species diversity
genetic diversity
species richness
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
the measure of the variety of genes within a species
the number of species in a given area
ecosystem diversity
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
species diversity
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
Environmental Science for AP - Friedland and Relyea Chapter 5
ecosystem diversity
species diversity
genetic diversity
species richness
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
the measure of the variety of genes within a species
the number of species in a given area
ecosystem diversity
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
species diversity
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
36 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Friedland and Relyea Chapter 5
ecosystem diversity
species diversity
genetic diversity
species richness
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
the measure of the variety of genes within a species
the number of species in a given area
ecosystem diversity
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
species diversity
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
38 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Friedland and Relyea Chapter 5 HugHS
ecosystem diversity
species diversity
genetic diversity
species richness
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
the measure of the variety of genes within a species
the number of species in a given area
ecosystem diversity
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
species diversity
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
27 terms
Environmental Science for AP* Chapter 5
ecosystem diversity
species diversity
genetic diversity
species richness
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
the measure of the variety of genes within a species
the number of species in a given area
ecosystem diversity
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
species diversity
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
21 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Positive vs Negative Feedback Loop ( +…
Homeostasis
Runoff
Eutrophication
Negative Feedback Loop - Output that results from a system mo…
The tendency of a system to maintain constant or stable inter…
Precipitation that flows over land and enters waterways
The process of nutrient overenrichment, blooms of algae, incr…
Positive vs Negative Feedback Loop ( +…
Negative Feedback Loop - Output that results from a system mo…
Homeostasis
The tendency of a system to maintain constant or stable inter…
54 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5 Notes
a diagram showing a series of organism…
An interconnected interrelationship be…
Structure
the way different categories of organi…
What is a Food Chain?
What is a Food Web?
__________________refers to parts and the way they fit togeth…
What is Biotic structure?
a diagram showing a series of organism…
What is a Food Chain?
An interconnected interrelationship be…
What is a Food Web?
56 terms
Chapter 5: AP Environmental Science
Watershed
Hypoxia
Feedback Loop
Negative Feedback Loop
the entire area of land from which water drains into a given…
the condition of extremely low dissolved oxygen concentration…
a circular process in which a systems output serves as input…
a feedback loop in which output of one type of input that mov…
Watershed
the entire area of land from which water drains into a given…
Hypoxia
the condition of extremely low dissolved oxygen concentration…
36 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Biogeochemical Cycles
Combustion
Nitrogen Fixation
Assimilation
The process by which matter cycles from the living world to t…
The process of burning by which organic molecules are rapidly…
The conversion of atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia by nitrogen…
The incorporation of a substance into the cells of an organism.
Biogeochemical Cycles
The process by which matter cycles from the living world to t…
Combustion
The process of burning by which organic molecules are rapidly…
22 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Mutualism
Parasitism
Commensalism
Pioneer species
Type of species interaction in which both participating speci…
Interaction between species in which one organism preys on an…
An interaction between organisms of different species in whic…
First hardy species that begin colonizing a site as the first…
Mutualism
Type of species interaction in which both participating speci…
Parasitism
Interaction between species in which one organism preys on an…
36 terms
Environmental Science for AP* Chapter 5
ecosystem diversity
species diversity
genetic diversity
species richness
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
the measure of the variety of genes within a species
the number of species in a given area
ecosystem diversity
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
species diversity
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
Chapter 5: AP Environmental Science
Watershed
Hypoxia
Feedback Loop
Negative Feedback Loop
the entire area of land from which water drains into a given…
the condition of extremely low dissolved oxygen concentration…
a circular process in which a systems output serves as input…
a feedback loop in which output of one type of input that mov…
Watershed
the entire area of land from which water drains into a given…
Hypoxia
the condition of extremely low dissolved oxygen concentration…
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 5
interspecific competition
predation
parasitism
mutualism
This occurs when members of two or more species interact to g…
This occurs when a member of one species feeds directly on al…
This occurs when one organism feeds on another organism, usua…
It is an interaction that benefits both species by providing…
interspecific competition
This occurs when members of two or more species interact to g…
predation
This occurs when a member of one species feeds directly on al…
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
abundance
acute disease
age structure
birth rate
The size of a population.
A disease that appears rapidly in the population, affects a c…
A population divided into groups by age. sometimes the groups…
The rate at which births occur in a population, measured eith…
abundance
The size of a population.
acute disease
A disease that appears rapidly in the population, affects a c…
24 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
System
Negative feedback loop
Positive feedback loop
Homeostasis
A network of relationships among parts, elements, or componen…
An output that results from a system acts as input that moves…
Opposite effect than a negative feedback loop, rather than st…
The tendency of a system to maintain constant or stable inter…
System
A network of relationships among parts, elements, or componen…
Negative feedback loop
An output that results from a system acts as input that moves…
Environmental Science for AP* Chapter 5
ecosystem diversity
species diversity
genetic diversity
species richness
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
the measure of the variety of genes within a species
the number of species in a given area
ecosystem diversity
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
species diversity
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
31 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 5
evolution
Genetic Drift
Natural Selection
artificial selection
genetic change in a population's gene pool over time
Biological evolution that occurs by chance
traits that improve an organism's chance of survival are pass…
process of selection conducted under human direction
evolution
genetic change in a population's gene pool over time
Genetic Drift
Biological evolution that occurs by chance
36 terms
Environmental Science for AP* Chapter 5
ecosystem diversity
species diversity
genetic diversity
species richness
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
the measure of the variety of genes within a species
the number of species in a given area
ecosystem diversity
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
species diversity
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
33 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Ecosystem Diversity
Species Diversity
Genetic Diversity
Species Richness
the variety of ecosystems within a given region
the variety of species within a given ecosystem
the variety of genes within a given species
the number of species in a given area
Ecosystem Diversity
the variety of ecosystems within a given region
Species Diversity
the variety of species within a given ecosystem
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
interspecific competition
predation
parasitism
mutualism
occurs when members of two or more species interact to gain a…
occurs when one member of one species feeds directly on all o…
occurs when one organism feeds on the body of, or the energy…
an interaction that benefits both species by providing each w…
interspecific competition
occurs when members of two or more species interact to gain a…
predation
occurs when one member of one species feeds directly on all o…
94 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Biotic
Abiotic
Biogeochemical Cycles
Reservoir
Living organism
Nonliving organism
Cycles that move through the Environment (Water cycle)
Place where nutrients sit for a long time
Biotic
Living organism
Abiotic
Nonliving organism
33 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Species Richness
Species Eveness
Phylogeny
Roughly ten million
The number of species in a given area
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
The branching pattern of evolutionary relationships
How many species are there estimated to be today?
Species Richness
The number of species in a given area
Species Eveness
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
54 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Atmosphere
Aquifer
Bioeochemical Cycle
Carbon Cycle
The thin layer of gases surrounding planet Earth
An underground water reservoir
The comprehensive set of cyclical pathway by which a given nu…
A major nutrient cycle consisting of the routes that carbon a…
Atmosphere
The thin layer of gases surrounding planet Earth
Aquifer
An underground water reservoir
40 terms
Environmental Science for AP: Chapter 5
Species Richness
Species Evenness
Phylogeny
Evolution
the number of species in a given area
the relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
the branching pattern of evolutionary relationships
A change in the genetic composition of a population over time
Species Richness
the number of species in a given area
Species Evenness
the relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
34 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Adaptations
Allopatric Speciation
Bottleneck Effect
Distribution
Traits that improve a species fitness... EX: Giraffes' long neck…
The process of speciation that occurs with geographic isolation
A reduction in the genetic diversity of a population caused b…
Areas in the world in which a species lives
Adaptations
Traits that improve a species fitness... EX: Giraffes' long neck…
Allopatric Speciation
The process of speciation that occurs with geographic isolation
36 terms
Environmental Science for AP* Chapter 5
ecosystem diversity
species diversity
genetic diversity
species richness
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
the measure of the variety of genes within a species
the number of species in a given area
ecosystem diversity
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
species diversity
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Species Richness
Species Eveness
Phylogeny
Roughly ten million
The number of species in a given area
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
The branching pattern of evolutionary relationships
How many species are there estimated to be today?
Species Richness
The number of species in a given area
Species Eveness
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
47 terms
Environmental Science for AP* Chapter 5
3 scales of Biodiversity
species
ecosystem diversity
species diversity
1. Ecosystem diversity 2. species diversity 3. genetic divers…
distinct from other groups in terms of size, shape, behavior,…
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
3 scales of Biodiversity
1. Ecosystem diversity 2. species diversity 3. genetic divers…
species
distinct from other groups in terms of size, shape, behavior,…
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Positive vs. Negative Feedback Loop
Homeostasis
Runoff
Eutrophication
Feedback loops are systems that have their output as their in…
Tendency a system has to maintain internal conditions
Flow of water that that goes into other water systems.
...
Positive vs. Negative Feedback Loop
Feedback loops are systems that have their output as their in…
Homeostasis
Tendency a system has to maintain internal conditions
10 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
geological time
principle of uniformitarianism
relative dating
law of superposition
time that spans millions of years
proposed by Hutton, that all the processes that occur now hav…
using surrounding materials to estimate the age of objects
states newer sediment is found at the surface and gets older…
geological time
time that spans millions of years
principle of uniformitarianism
proposed by Hutton, that all the processes that occur now hav…
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Ecosystem Diversity
Species Diversity
Genetic Diversity
Species Richness
The variety of ecosystems within a given region.
The variety of species within a given ecosystem.
The variety of genes within a given species.
The number of species in a given area.
Ecosystem Diversity
The variety of ecosystems within a given region.
Species Diversity
The variety of species within a given ecosystem.
33 terms
AP Environmental Science- Chapter 5
Ecosystem Diversity
Species Diversity
Genetic Diversity
Species Richness
The variety of ecosystems w/in a given area
The variety of species w/in a given ecosystem
The variety of genes w/in a given specie
The number of species in a given area
Ecosystem Diversity
The variety of ecosystems w/in a given area
Species Diversity
The variety of species w/in a given ecosystem
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