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Study sets matching "science chapter 6 nervous system"

42 terms
Science, Chapter 6, The Nervous System
stimulus
response
dendrite
neuron
any change or signal in the environment that can make an orga…
what your body does in reaction to a stimulus
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
a cell that carries information through the nervous system
stimulus
any change or signal in the environment that can make an orga…
response
what your body does in reaction to a stimulus
41 terms
Science Chapter 6: Nervous System
stimulus
response
neurons
nerve impulse
any signal or change in the environment that can make an orga…
what your body does in reaction to a stimulus
the cells that carry info through your nervous system
message that a neuron carries
stimulus
any signal or change in the environment that can make an orga…
response
what your body does in reaction to a stimulus
17 terms
Science Chapter 6: The Nervous System
Neuron
Dendrites
Cell body
Axon
basic unit of structure and function of nervous system
tail like fibers which carries messages to the cell body
largest part of the neuron which contains the nucleus
carries messages away from the cell body
Neuron
basic unit of structure and function of nervous system
Dendrites
tail like fibers which carries messages to the cell body
57 terms
Chapter 6: The Nervous System
Afferent nerves
Automatic nervous system
Cell body
Central nervous system (CNS)
sensory transmitters that send impulses from receptors in the…
branch of the nervous system that controls involuntary body f…
part of an axon that contains a nucleus
the brain and spinal cord
Afferent nerves
sensory transmitters that send impulses from receptors in the…
Automatic nervous system
branch of the nervous system that controls involuntary body f…
30 terms
Chapter 6 Nervous System
Nervous System
Neurology
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Composed of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Controls the…
Study of the nervous system
Brain, Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and Cranial Nerves. Contro…
Connects the outer parts of the body to the CNS. Carries impu…
Nervous System
Composed of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Controls the…
Neurology
Study of the nervous system
15 terms
Chapter 6 - Nervous System Introduction
Nervous system
Neurology
Nervous System Divisions
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Consists of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves; controls and…
The scientific study of the structure, function, and patholog…
Three divisions; 1. Central Nervous System, 2. Peripheral Ner…
Consists of the brain, spinal cord, spinal nerves, and crania…
Nervous system
Consists of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves; controls and…
Neurology
The scientific study of the structure, function, and patholog…
57 terms
Chapter 6: Nervous System
Afferent nerves
Autonomic nervous system
Cell body
Central nervous system (CNS)
sensory transmitters that send impulses from receptors in the…
branch of the nervous system that controls involuntary body f…
part of an axon that contains a nucleus
the brain and spinal cord
Afferent nerves
sensory transmitters that send impulses from receptors in the…
Autonomic nervous system
branch of the nervous system that controls involuntary body f…
37 terms
Chapter 6- Nervous System
arachnoid mater
dura mater
basilar artery
spinal cord
6
1
2
4
arachnoid mater
6
dura mater
1
17 terms
Chapter 6 - Nervous System
Cerebrum
Frontal lobe
Occipital lobe
Parietal lobe
the largest and main portion of the brain. Responsible for th…
controls personality, motor movement and expressive speech
controls vision and recognition of size, shape, and color
controls gross sensation, such as touch and pressure. Also co…
Cerebrum
the largest and main portion of the brain. Responsible for th…
Frontal lobe
controls personality, motor movement and expressive speech
97 terms
Chapter 6: Nervous system
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous system (PNS)
cell body (Soma)
dendrites
brain and spinal cord
nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord w/ the body's m…
contains nucleus and ribosomes, has genetic info and machiner…
series of highly branched outgrowths of the cell body
Central nervous system (CNS)
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous system (PNS)
nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord w/ the body's m…
15 terms
Chapter 6 - Nervous System Introduction
Nervous system
Neurology
Nervous System Divisions
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Consists of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves; controls and…
The scientific study of the structure, function, and patholog…
Three divisions; 1. Central Nervous System, 2. Peripheral Ner…
Consists of the brain, spinal cord, spinal nerves, and crania…
Nervous system
Consists of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves; controls and…
Neurology
The scientific study of the structure, function, and patholog…
57 terms
Chapter 6: The Nervous System
Afferent nerves
Automatic nervous system
Cell body
Central nervous system (CNS)
sensory transmitters that send impulses from receptors in the…
branch of the nervous system that controls involuntary body f…
part of an axon that contains a nucleus
the brain and spinal cord
Afferent nerves
sensory transmitters that send impulses from receptors in the…
Automatic nervous system
branch of the nervous system that controls involuntary body f…
46 terms
Chapter 6-Nervous System
Nervous Tissue (Neurons) consist of
Cell body
axon
dendrite
cell body, dendrites, axons, myelin, synapse, tract, motor (e…
where the axon is extended off of
part of the nerve that transmits impulses away from the cell…
part of the nerve that receives impulses and transmits them t…
Nervous Tissue (Neurons) consist of
cell body, dendrites, axons, myelin, synapse, tract, motor (e…
Cell body
where the axon is extended off of
65 terms
Chapter 6 The Nervous System
de-
di-
dys-
hemi-
not
double
bad, abnormal, painful, difficult
one half
de-
not
di-
double
75 terms
Chapter 6- Nervous System
Dorsal Root of Spinal Nerve
Autonomic Nervous System
Dorsal Root Ganglion
Ventral Root of Spinal Nerve
Contain the axons of the autonomic sensory neurons.
A subsystem of the peripheral nervous system that carries mes…
Nodule on a dorsal root that contains cell bodies of afferent…
Contains cell bodies of the somatic motor neurons that innerv…
Dorsal Root of Spinal Nerve
Contain the axons of the autonomic sensory neurons.
Autonomic Nervous System
A subsystem of the peripheral nervous system that carries mes…
14 terms
Chapter 6: The nervous system
Responsibilities
Peripheral nerves
Central nerves
Brachial Plexus
receives information from internal/external environment
12 pairs of cranial nerves and 31 pairs of spinal
brain and spinal cord
constitutes the entire nerve supply for upper extremities and…
Responsibilities
receives information from internal/external environment
Peripheral nerves
12 pairs of cranial nerves and 31 pairs of spinal
Chapter 6 Nervous system
Central nervous system (CNS)
Somatic nervous system
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Autonomic nervous system
brain and spinal cord
controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscl…
cranial nerves and spinal nerves
regulates the activity of the *cardiac muscle, smooth muscle,…
Central nervous system (CNS)
brain and spinal cord
Somatic nervous system
controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscl…
25 terms
Chapter 6 - Nervous System
What are the four parts to the Nervous…
What are the three functions of the Ne…
The cell that carries information thro…
The message that the neuron carries?
Brain, Spinal Cord, Nerves, Sense Organ
Receive Information, Respond to Information, Maintain Homeost…
Neuron
Nerve Impulse
What are the four parts to the Nervous…
Brain, Spinal Cord, Nerves, Sense Organ
What are the three functions of the Ne…
Receive Information, Respond to Information, Maintain Homeost…
17 terms
Chapter 6 (Nervous System)
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
Synapse
Nerve cell
Fiber that carries messages to the nerve cell body
Fiber that carries messages away from a nerve cell body
Gap between the axon of one cell and the dendrite of another
Neuron
Nerve cell
Dendrite
Fiber that carries messages to the nerve cell body
20 terms
Chapter 6.6 Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Brain
Central Nervous System
Cerebellum
controls involuntary actions
The part of the central nervous system that is located in the…
consists of the brain and spinal cord
posterior part of the brain that coordinates muscle movements…
Autonomic Nervous System
controls involuntary actions
Brain
The part of the central nervous system that is located in the…
67 terms
Chapter 6: The Nervous System
Afferent nerves
Autonomic nervous system
Cell body
central nervous system (CNS)
sensory transmitters that send impulses from receptors in the…
branch of the nervous system that controls involuntary body f…
part of an axon that contains a nucleus
the brain and spinal cord
Afferent nerves
sensory transmitters that send impulses from receptors in the…
Autonomic nervous system
branch of the nervous system that controls involuntary body f…
46 terms
Chapter 6: The Nervous System
Afferent nerves
Autonomic nervous system
Cell body (soma)
Central nervous system
Sensory transmitters that send impulses from receptors in the…
Branch of the nervous system that controls involuntary body f…
Part of an axon that contains a nucleus.
The brain and spinal cord.
Afferent nerves
Sensory transmitters that send impulses from receptors in the…
Autonomic nervous system
Branch of the nervous system that controls involuntary body f…
38 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Chapter 6 Nervous System
Stimulus
Response
Neuron
Structure of a Neuron
Any change or signal in the environment that can make an orga…
is what your body does in reaction to a stimulus
The cells that carry information through your nervous system
A large cell body that contains the nucleus, threadlike exten…
Stimulus
Any change or signal in the environment that can make an orga…
Response
is what your body does in reaction to a stimulus
23 terms
Chapter 6: the nervous system
afferent nerves
autonomic nervous system
cell body (soma)
central nervous system
sensory transmitters that send impulses from receptors in the…
branch of nervous system that controls involuntary body funct…
part of the axon that contains a nucleus
the brain and the spinal cord
afferent nerves
sensory transmitters that send impulses from receptors in the…
autonomic nervous system
branch of nervous system that controls involuntary body funct…
46 terms
Chapter 6: The Nervous System
Afferent nerves
Autonomic nervous system
Cell body (soma)
Central nervous system
Sensory transmitter sending impulses from skin/muscle/joint r…
Branch of nervous system that controls involuntary movements/…
Part of the axon with a nucleus
Brain and spinal cord
Afferent nerves
Sensory transmitter sending impulses from skin/muscle/joint r…
Autonomic nervous system
Branch of nervous system that controls involuntary movements/…
13 terms
Chapter 6: The Nervous System. 6.1- Overview of the Nervous System & 6.4- Functional Anatomy of the Peripheral Nervous System.
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Afferent Nerves
Efferent Nerves
The Brain and Spinal Chord.
All parts of the Nervous System external to the brain and spi…
Sensory Transmitters that send impulses FROM receptors of the…
Motor transmitters that carry impulses FROM The Central Nervo…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The Brain and Spinal Chord.
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
All parts of the Nervous System external to the brain and spi…
374 terms
Chapter 6 phys Nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neuron
neurotransmitters
one part of nervous system contains the brain and spinal cord
one part of nervous system contains nerves that connect to th…
a nerve cell used to initiate integrate and conduct electrica…
chemical messenger secreted and absorbed by the neurons
central nervous system
one part of nervous system contains the brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
one part of nervous system contains nerves that connect to th…
23 terms
kinesiology/chapter 6 nervous system
Nervous System divided into
CNS-central nervous system includes
PNS peripheral nervous system includes
ANS automatic nervous system includes
Central nervous system CNS... Peripheral nervous system PNS... Auto…
brain and spinal cord... nerves do not generate... ex brain/spinal…
nerves outside the spinal cord/these nerves can regenerate 1…
sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system (work together)
Nervous System divided into
Central nervous system CNS... Peripheral nervous system PNS... Auto…
CNS-central nervous system includes
brain and spinal cord... nerves do not generate... ex brain/spinal…
30 terms
CHAPTER 6: NERVOUS SYSTEM
ana-
re-
cata-
de-
up, again
back, again
down, very
down, away, very
ana-
up, again
re-
back, again
25 terms
Chapter 6. Nervous system
Cell body
Dendrites
Axons
Myelin sheath
Each neuron has cell body which extends process called an axo…
Fiber branches that receive impulses from other parts of nerv…
Transmit impulse away from cell body
Inner part of axon surrounded by fatty sheath Function: to in…
Cell body
Each neuron has cell body which extends process called an axo…
Dendrites
Fiber branches that receive impulses from other parts of nerv…
26 terms
Nervous system chapter 6
perimysium
shorten
constant contraction- freezing of a jo…
example of isometric contraction
the connective tissue that bundles fibers into fascicles is k…
contraction causes a muscle length to
contractive
holding weight steady after lifting
perimysium
the connective tissue that bundles fibers into fascicles is k…
shorten
contraction causes a muscle length to
24 terms
Chapter 6 Nervous System
CNS
PNS
Dendrites
Axon
Includes the brain and spinal cord
Includes sympathetic (controls skeletal muscles) and parasymp…
Carry impulses from other neurons toward the cell body
Transmits the impulse away from the cell body
CNS
Includes the brain and spinal cord
PNS
Includes sympathetic (controls skeletal muscles) and parasymp…
30 terms
Chapter 6: Nervous System
ana-
re-
cata-
de-
up, again/anabiosis
back, again/revival
down, very/catatropic
down, away, very/deferent
ana-
up, again/anabiosis
re-
back, again/revival
30 terms
Chapter 6: Nervous System
ana-
re-
cata-
de-
up, again
back, again
down, very
down, away, very
ana-
up, again
re-
back, again
92 terms
Chapter 6 Nervous System
Central Nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Affernet nerves ... (Sensory)
Efferent nerves... (Motor)
Brain and spinal cord; directs the activity of the entire sys…
Spinal nerves and sensory receptors
Carry impulse from senesory receptors to the Central Nervous…
Carry impulses from the central nervous system to muscles and…
Central Nervous system (CNS)
Brain and spinal cord; directs the activity of the entire sys…
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Spinal nerves and sensory receptors
30 terms
Chapter 6 Nervous System
ana-
re-
cata-
de-
up, again
back, again
down, very
down, away, very
ana-
up, again
re-
back, again
27 terms
Chapter 6: Nervous system
Afferent Nerves
Autonomic nervous system
Cell body
Central nervous system (CNS)
Sensory transmitters that send impulses from receptors in the…
Branch of the nervous system that controls involuntary body f…
Part of an axon that contains a nucleus
The brain and spinal cord
Afferent Nerves
Sensory transmitters that send impulses from receptors in the…
Autonomic nervous system
Branch of the nervous system that controls involuntary body f…
30 terms
Chapter 6- Nervous System
ana-
re-
cata-
de-
up, again
back, again
down, very
down, away, very
ana-
up, again
re-
back, again
49 terms
Chapter 6 Nervous System
The nervous system
A-
Di-
Dys-
- composed of brain, spinal cord, and nerves... - organs enable…
Without
Two
Bad, abnormal
The nervous system
- composed of brain, spinal cord, and nerves... - organs enable…
A-
Without
29 terms
Chapter 6: Nervous System
ana-
re-
cata-
de-
up, again
back, again
down, very
down, away, very
ana-
up, again
re-
back, again
30 terms
Chapter 6- Nervous System
ANA-
RE-
CATA-
DE-
UP, AGAIN.
BACK, AGAIN.
DOWN, VERY.
DOWN, AWAY, VERY.
ANA-
UP, AGAIN.
RE-
BACK, AGAIN.
18 terms
nervous system chapter 6
action potential
afferent
autonomic
axon
the flow of electricity along an axon of a neuron in one dire…
in the direction toward the brain or spinal cord in the nervo…
type of nerve message that goes to glands, the cardiac muscle…
portion of a neuron that carries electrical impulses along it…
action potential
the flow of electricity along an axon of a neuron in one dire…
afferent
in the direction toward the brain or spinal cord in the nervo…
53 terms
Chapter 6: Nervous system
Dendrites
Axon
Myelin
Nodes of Ranvier
receiver of electrical impulses (action potential)
transmits impulses away from the cell body
insulation of the axon, fatty sheath (white matter)
breaks in the myelin
Dendrites
receiver of electrical impulses (action potential)
Axon
transmits impulses away from the cell body
39 terms
Chapter 6 nervous system
Gray matter
White matter
Nerve fiber
Synapse
Mostly unmyelinated fibers... Cerebral cortex... Central portion of…
Mostly myelinated fibers... Major tracts within spinal cord and…
Conductor of impulses from the neuron
Area where transmission of impulse occurs from one neuron to…
Gray matter
Mostly unmyelinated fibers... Cerebral cortex... Central portion of…
White matter
Mostly myelinated fibers... Major tracts within spinal cord and…
52 terms
Chapter 6 nervous system
Nervous system
Neurology
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Well organized system that is responsible for coordinating al…
The scientific study of the structure function, and pathology…
The brain, spinal cord, spinal nerves, and cranial nerves. Co…
System of nerves that connects the peripheral part of the bod…
Nervous system
Well organized system that is responsible for coordinating al…
Neurology
The scientific study of the structure function, and pathology…
30 terms
Chapter 6: nervous system
Ana-
Re-
Cata-
De-
Up, again
Back, again
Down, very
Down, away, very
Ana-
Up, again
Re-
Back, again
36 terms
Chapter 6: Nervous System
Frontal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Temporal Lope
Personality, Motor Movement, Expressive Speech
Vision and recognition of size, shape, and color
gross sensation (touch and pressure), fine sensation (determi…
Center for behavior, hearing, and language reception and unde…
Frontal Lobe
Personality, Motor Movement, Expressive Speech
Occipital Lobe
Vision and recognition of size, shape, and color
30 terms
Chapter 6- Nervous System
ana-
re-
cata-
de-
up, again
back, again
down, very
down, away, very
ana-
up, again
re-
back, again
49 terms
Chapter 6: Nervous System
dorsal/posterior
spinothalamic tracts
cervical, thoracic, lumbar
inside is gray (cell bodies) outside i…
Sensory information enters the ____ horn and travels to the b…
these tracts carry info on pain, temp, itch, and light touch
The spinal cord is divided into segments. list them.
What is the internal appearance of the spinal cord like?
dorsal/posterior
Sensory information enters the ____ horn and travels to the b…
spinothalamic tracts
these tracts carry info on pain, temp, itch, and light touch
15 terms
Psychology Chapter 6- Nervous System
CNS (Central Nervous System)
Spinal cord
PNS (Peripheral Nervous System)
Somatic nervous system
two main parts are the brain and spinal cord
nerves that run up and down the back, transit messages betwee…
Somatic and Autonomic nervous systems
controls voluntary muscles
CNS (Central Nervous System)
two main parts are the brain and spinal cord
Spinal cord
nerves that run up and down the back, transit messages betwee…
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