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Study sets matching "science chapter 9 ap environmental"

24 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Friedland and Relyea Chapter 9
Aquifers
Unconfined Aquifer
Confined Aquifer
Water Table
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
Aquifers covered by an impermeable and confining layer impedi…
Uppermost aquifer layer where water fully saturates the rock…
Aquifers
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Unconfined Aquifer
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
24 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Chapter 9
Aquifers
Unconfined Aquifer
Confined Aquifer
Water Table
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
Aquifers covered by an impermeable and confining layer impedi…
Uppermost aquifer layer where water fully saturates the rock…
Aquifers
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Unconfined Aquifer
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
21 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
Agriculture
Cropland
Rangeland
Traditional Agricuture
The practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raisin…
Land that humans use to raise plants for food and fiber.
Land used for grazing livestock.
Biologically powered agriculture, in which human and animal m…
Agriculture
The practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raisin…
Cropland
Land that humans use to raise plants for food and fiber.
22 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9 Vocab
Intercropping
Irrigation
Land Degradation
Leaching
Planting different types of crops in alternating bands or oth…
The artificial provision of water to support aggriculture
is a process in which the value of the biophysical environmen…
The process by with solid materials such as minerals are diss…
Intercropping
Planting different types of crops in alternating bands or oth…
Irrigation
The artificial provision of water to support aggriculture
25 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Chapter 9
Aquifers
Unconfined Aquifer
Confined Aquifer
Water Table
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
Aquifers covered by an impermeable and confining layer impedi…
Uppermost aquifer layer where water fully saturates the rock…
Aquifers
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Unconfined Aquifer
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
25 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Chapter 9
Aquifers
Unconfined Aquifer
Confined Aquifer
Water Table
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
Aquifers covered by an impermeable and confining layer impedi…
Uppermost aquifer layer where water fully saturates the rock…
Aquifers
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Unconfined Aquifer
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
24 terms
AP Environmental Science - Chapter 9
Aquifers
Unconfined Aquifer
Confined Aquifer
Water Table
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
Aquifers covered by an impermeable and confining layer impedi…
Uppermost aquifer layer where water fully saturates the rock…
Aquifers
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Unconfined Aquifer
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
29 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
aquifer
unconfined aquifers
confined aquifers
water table
small spaces found within permeable layers of rock/sediment w…
where water can easily flow in and out
surrounded by impermeable rock or clay that prevents water flow
The uppermost level at which the water in a given area fully…
aquifer
small spaces found within permeable layers of rock/sediment w…
unconfined aquifers
where water can easily flow in and out
55 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 9 and14
Percent of all water that is fresh
Percent of all water that is accessibl…
Aquifers
Unconfined aquifers
3%
<1%
Small spaces found within permeable spaces of rock and sedime…
an aquifer that is simply porous rock courted by soil (can ea…
Percent of all water that is fresh
3%
Percent of all water that is accessibl…
<1%
27 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9 (Water Resources)
Aquifer
Unconfined Aquifers
Confined Aquifers
Water Table
Groundwater existing in the small spaces found within permeab…
Water can easily flow in and out of the aquifer
Impermeable or confining layer impedes water flow in or out o…
Uppermost level at which the water in a given area fully satu…
Aquifer
Groundwater existing in the small spaces found within permeab…
Unconfined Aquifers
Water can easily flow in and out of the aquifer
24 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Aquifer
Unconfined Aquifer
Confined Aquifer
Water Table
A permeable layer of rock and sediment that contains groundwa…
An aquifer made of porous rock covered by soil out of which w…
An aquifer surrounded by a layer of impermeslve rock or clay…
The uppermost level at which water in a given area fully satu…
Aquifer
A permeable layer of rock and sediment that contains groundwa…
Unconfined Aquifer
An aquifer made of porous rock covered by soil out of which w…
14 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
Locavore
Chronically Undernourished
Food Security
Famines
a person who primarily eats food grown or produced locally
Receiving less than 90 percent of the minimum caloric intake…
The ability of individuals to obtain sufficient food on a day…
acute food shortages characterized by large-scale loss of lif…
Locavore
a person who primarily eats food grown or produced locally
Chronically Undernourished
Receiving less than 90 percent of the minimum caloric intake…
49 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
no till
cover crop
agriculture
cropland
agriculture that does not involve tilling the soil
a crop that covers and anchors the soil during times between…
the practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raisin…
land that people use to raise plants for food and fiber
no till
agriculture that does not involve tilling the soil
cover crop
a crop that covers and anchors the soil during times between…
28 terms
AP Environmental Science (Chapter 9)
Passenger pigeon case study
Background extinction
Mass extinction
Difficulty in measuring extinctions...
...
During most of the 3.56 billion years that life has existed o…
The extinction of many species in a relatively short period o…
...
Passenger pigeon case study
...
Background extinction
During most of the 3.56 billion years that life has existed o…
24 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Friedland and Relyea Chapter 9
Aquifers
Unconfined Aquifer
Confined Aquifer
Water Table
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
Aquifers covered by an impermeable and confining layer impedi…
Uppermost aquifer layer where water fully saturates the rock…
Aquifers
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Unconfined Aquifer
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
22 terms
AP Environmental Science Vocabulary Chapter 9
Aquifer
Unconfined Aquifer
Confined Aquifer
Water Table
a permeable layer of rock and sediment that contains groundwa…
an aquifer made of porous rock covered by soil out of which w…
an aquifer surrounded by a layer of impermeable rock or clay…
the uppermost level at which the water in a given area fully…
Aquifer
a permeable layer of rock and sediment that contains groundwa…
Unconfined Aquifer
an aquifer made of porous rock covered by soil out of which w…
48 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
chronically undernourished
food security
famine
malnourishment
a state, lasting for at least one year, of inability to acqui…
People's ability to access sufficient, safe, nutritious food…
a severe shortage of food (as through crop failure) resulting…
improper amounts of nutrients
chronically undernourished
a state, lasting for at least one year, of inability to acqui…
food security
People's ability to access sufficient, safe, nutritious food…
24 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Chapter 9
Aquifers
Unconfined Aquifer
Confined Aquifer
Water Table
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
Aquifers covered by an impermeable and confining layer impedi…
Uppermost aquifer layer where water fully saturates the rock…
Aquifers
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Unconfined Aquifer
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
24 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 9
Case Study: Sea Otters
Population Dynamics
Population Change = (B+I) - (D+E)
Biotic Potential
The southern sea otters, located on the west coast of North A…
A study of how populations change in size, density, and age d…
Population Change = (Births + Immigration) - (Deaths + Emigra…
The maximum capacity in which an animal population can grow.…
Case Study: Sea Otters
The southern sea otters, located on the west coast of North A…
Population Dynamics
A study of how populations change in size, density, and age d…
17 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
Aquifer
Unconfined aquifers
Confined aquifers
Water table
small spaces found within permeable layers of rock/sediment w…
where water can easily flow in and out
surrounded by impermeable rock or clay that prevents water flow
The uppermost level at which the water in a given area fully…
Aquifer
small spaces found within permeable layers of rock/sediment w…
Unconfined aquifers
where water can easily flow in and out
24 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Friedland and Relyea Chapter 9
Aquifers
Unconfined Aquifer
Confined Aquifer
Water Table
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
Aquifers covered by an impermeable and confining layer impedi…
Uppermost aquifer layer where water fully saturates the rock…
Aquifers
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Unconfined Aquifer
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
17 terms
Ap Environmental Science-Chapter 9
What are the two types of extinction e…
How is the current extinction crisis d…
What are the three levels of species e…
What are endangered species?
Background and mass
Humans are primarily responsible for the current situation.
Upper, middle, lower
species in immediate danger of extinction
What are the two types of extinction e…
Background and mass
How is the current extinction crisis d…
Humans are primarily responsible for the current situation.
88 terms
chapter 9 ap environmental science
3%
77%
surface water
volume, depth, surface area
what percentage of the water on earth is fresh water
what percentage of freshwater is in icecaps and glaciers
streams, rivers, ponds, lakes and wetlands
what three factors help determine the largest lake in the world
3%
what percentage of the water on earth is fresh water
77%
what percentage of freshwater is in icecaps and glaciers
41 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
Agriculture
Bedrock
Conservation Reserve Program
Conservation Tillage
The practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raisin…
The continuous mass of solid rock that makes up Earth's crust
U.S. policy in farm bills since 1985 that pays farmers to sto…
Agriculture that limits the amount of tilling (plowing, diski…
Agriculture
The practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raisin…
Bedrock
The continuous mass of solid rock that makes up Earth's crust
AP Environmental Science (Soil and Agriculture) Chapter 9
Agriculture
Soil
Rangeland
Soil degradation
The practice of raising of raising crops and livestock for hu…
A complex mixture of weathered mineral materials from rocks,…
Land that supplies forage or vegetation (grasses, grasslike p…
Damage to soil - for example, as a result of deforestation or…
Agriculture
The practice of raising of raising crops and livestock for hu…
Soil
A complex mixture of weathered mineral materials from rocks,…
8 terms
Ap Environmental science: chapter 9
Background extinction rate
Biological extinction
Endangered species
HIPPCO
Background extinction rate, also known as the normal extincti…
Complete disapearance of a species from earth when a species…
Wild species with so few individuals survivors of the species…
Habitat destruction... Invasive species... Population growth... Pol…
Background extinction rate
Background extinction rate, also known as the normal extincti…
Biological extinction
Complete disapearance of a species from earth when a species…
24 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Chapter 9
Aquifers
Unconfined Aquifer
Confined Aquifer
Water Table
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
Aquifers covered by an impermeable and confining layer impedi…
Uppermost aquifer layer where water fully saturates the rock…
Aquifers
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Unconfined Aquifer
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
Unconfined aquifier
Confined aquifier
Artesian Well
Water table
Obtains its water from local infiltration. groundwater flows…
Aquifers that are overlain by a low permeability, confining l…
A well in which water rises because of pressure within the aq…
the level below which the ground is saturated with water
Unconfined aquifier
Obtains its water from local infiltration. groundwater flows…
Confined aquifier
Aquifers that are overlain by a low permeability, confining l…
29 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
aquifer
unconfined aquifers
confined aquifers
water table
small spaces found within permeable layers of rock/sediment w…
where water can easily flow in and out
surrounded by impermeable rock or clay that prevents water flow
The uppermost level at which the water in a given area fully…
aquifer
small spaces found within permeable layers of rock/sediment w…
unconfined aquifers
where water can easily flow in and out
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
Agriculture
Bedrock
Conservation Reserve Program
Conservation Tillage
The practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raisin…
The continuous mass of solid rock that makes up Earth's crust
U.S. policy in farm bills since 1985 that pays farmers to sto…
Agriculture that limits the amount of tilling (plowing, diski…
Agriculture
The practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raisin…
Bedrock
The continuous mass of solid rock that makes up Earth's crust
42 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
Conservation Reserve Program
no-till farming
conservation tillage
agriculture
1985, pays farmer's to stop cultivating highly erodible cropl…
Keeps the soil covered with plant material at all times while…
Agriculture that limits the amount of tilling (plowing, diski…
the practice of raising crops and livestock for human use and…
Conservation Reserve Program
1985, pays farmer's to stop cultivating highly erodible cropl…
no-till farming
Keeps the soil covered with plant material at all times while…
48 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
Population Dynamics
Clumping
Uniform
Random
changes that occur in response to environmental stress and ch…
(dispersal type) where resources are patchy, for protection,…
(dispersal type) evenly distributed, where intraspecific comp…
(dispersal type) uniform, abundant resources so no need to co…
Population Dynamics
changes that occur in response to environmental stress and ch…
Clumping
(dispersal type) where resources are patchy, for protection,…
29 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
aquifer
unconfined aquifers
confined aquifers
water table
small spaces found within permeable layers of rock/sediment w…
where water can easily flow in and out
surrounded by impermeable rock or clay that prevents water flow
The uppermost level at which the water in a given area fully…
aquifer
small spaces found within permeable layers of rock/sediment w…
unconfined aquifers
where water can easily flow in and out
8 terms
AP Environmental science Chapter 9
Biological extiction
Mass extinction
Background extinction rate
Endangered species
When a species can no longer be founded anywhere on earth
The extinction of many species in a relatively short time
The rate that existed before modern humans evolved some 200,0…
So few individual survivors that the species foul soon become…
Biological extiction
When a species can no longer be founded anywhere on earth
Mass extinction
The extinction of many species in a relatively short time
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
biological extinction
background extinction rate
extinction rate
mass extinction
when a species can no longer be found anywhere on the earth.…
a natural, low rate of extinction that has occurred during mo…
expressed as a percentage or number of species that go extinc…
the extinction of many species in a relatively short period o…
biological extinction
when a species can no longer be found anywhere on the earth.…
background extinction rate
a natural, low rate of extinction that has occurred during mo…
64 terms
Chapter 9 AP Environmental Science
Weathering
Erosion
Biological Activity
Physical Weathering & Examples
breakdown of parent material (lava, ash, sand, sediment, or b…
movement of soil (usually in area with no vegetation to ancho…
accumulation & decomposition of organic matter
caused by natural mechanical process (ex.- wind, rain, therma…
Weathering
breakdown of parent material (lava, ash, sand, sediment, or b…
Erosion
movement of soil (usually in area with no vegetation to ancho…
41 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
Honeybee Importance
Bee facts
Colony collapse disorder
Biological extinction
-provide pollination: transfer of pollen among plants enablin…
-30,000-100,000 in the hive... -⅓ human food supply comes from p…
European honeybees disappear from colony in the winter and do…
Species can no longer be found anywhere on the earth
Honeybee Importance
-provide pollination: transfer of pollen among plants enablin…
Bee facts
-30,000-100,000 in the hive... -⅓ human food supply comes from p…
8 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
biological extinction
background extinction rate
extinction rate
endangered species
when a species can no longer be found anywhere on the earth.…
a natural, low rate of extinction that has occurred during mo…
expressed as a percentage or number of species that go extinc…
has so few individual survivors that the species could soon b…
biological extinction
when a species can no longer be found anywhere on the earth.…
background extinction rate
a natural, low rate of extinction that has occurred during mo…
24 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Chapter 9
Aquifers
Unconfined Aquifer
Confined Aquifer
Water Table
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
Aquifers covered by an impermeable and confining layer impedi…
Uppermost aquifer layer where water fully saturates the rock…
Aquifers
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Unconfined Aquifer
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
44 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
Population Dynamics
Clumping
Uniform
Random
changes that occur in response to environmental stress and ch…
(dispersal type) where resources are patchy, for protection,…
(dispersal type) evenly distributed, where intraspecific comp…
(dispersal type) uniform, abundant resources so no need to co…
Population Dynamics
changes that occur in response to environmental stress and ch…
Clumping
(dispersal type) where resources are patchy, for protection,…
24 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Chapter 9
Aquifers
Unconfined Aquifer
Confined Aquifer
Water Table
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
Aquifers covered by an impermeable and confining layer impedi…
Uppermost aquifer layer where water fully saturates the rock…
Aquifers
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Unconfined Aquifer
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
24 terms
AP Environmental science Chapter 9
Aquifers
Unconfined Aquifer
Confined Aquifer
Water Table
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
Aquifers covered by an impermeable and confining layer impedi…
Uppermost aquifer layer where water fully saturates the rock…
Aquifers
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Unconfined Aquifer
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
25 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 9
Population Dynamics
Population Change = (B+I) - (D+E)
Biotic Potential
Intrinsic Rate of Increase
A study of how populations change in size, density, and age d…
Population Change = (Births + Immigration) - (Deaths + Emigra…
The maximum capacity in which an animal population can grow.…
The rate at which a population would grow without limited res…
Population Dynamics
A study of how populations change in size, density, and age d…
Population Change = (B+I) - (D+E)
Population Change = (Births + Immigration) - (Deaths + Emigra…
41 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
Agriculture
Bedrock
Conservation Reserve Program
Conservation Tillage
The practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raisin…
The continuous mass of solid rock that makes up Earth's crust
U.S. policy in farm bills since 1985 that pays farmers to sto…
Agriculture that limits the amount of tilling (plowing, diski…
Agriculture
The practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raisin…
Bedrock
The continuous mass of solid rock that makes up Earth's crust
12 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
agriculture
cropland
rangeland or pasture
soil
practice of raising crops and livestock for human use and con…
land used to raise plants for human use
land used for grazing livestock
a complex plant-supporting system consisting of disintegrated…
agriculture
practice of raising crops and livestock for human use and con…
cropland
land used to raise plants for human use
41 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
Agriculture
Bedrock
Conservation Reserve Program
Conservation Tillage
The practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raisin…
The continuous mass of solid rock that makes up Earth's crust
U.S. policy in farm bills since 1985 that pays farmers to sto…
Agriculture that limits the amount of tilling (plowing, diski…
Agriculture
The practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raisin…
Bedrock
The continuous mass of solid rock that makes up Earth's crust
23 terms
AP Environmental Science // Chapter 9
anemia
aquaculture
bottom trawling
CAFO
low levels of hemoglobin due to iron deficiency or lack of re…
growing aquatic species in net pens or tanks
towing a trawl (or fishing net) along the sea floor; divided…
where animals are housed and fed - mainly soy and corn - for…
anemia
low levels of hemoglobin due to iron deficiency or lack of re…
aquaculture
growing aquatic species in net pens or tanks
31 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
aquifer
unconfined aquifers
confined aquifers
water table
A permeable layer of rock and sediment that contains groundwa…
porous rock, covered in soil; where water can easily flow in…
An aquifer surrounded by a layer of impermeable rock or clay…
The uppermost level at which the water in a given area fully…
aquifer
A permeable layer of rock and sediment that contains groundwa…
unconfined aquifers
porous rock, covered in soil; where water can easily flow in…
29 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
aquifer
unconfined aquifers
confined aquifers
water table
small spaces found within permeable layers of rock/sediment w…
where water can easily flow in and out of aquifers
aquifers that are surrounded by impermeable rock or clay that…
The uppermost level at which the water in a given area fully…
aquifer
small spaces found within permeable layers of rock/sediment w…
unconfined aquifers
where water can easily flow in and out of aquifers
22 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
Aquifers
Unconfined aquifer
Confined aquifer
Water table
A permeable layer of rock and sediment that contains groundwa…
An aquifer made of porous rock covered by soil, which water c…
An aquifer surrounded by a layer impermeable rock or clay tha…
The uppermost level at which the water in a given area fully…
Aquifers
A permeable layer of rock and sediment that contains groundwa…
Unconfined aquifer
An aquifer made of porous rock covered by soil, which water c…
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