Study sets matching "science chapter 9 flashcards"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "science chapter 9 flashcards"

13 terms
Science Chapter 9 flashcards
Neutron
Boiling Point
Liquid
Proton
A neutral particle in the nucleus of an atom is a __.
A liquid begins to vaporize at its __ __.
Matter that takes up a definite amount of space but has no de…
The atomic # of hydrogen is 1 because it has one __.
Neutron
A neutral particle in the nucleus of an atom is a __.
Boiling Point
A liquid begins to vaporize at its __ __.
Science-Chapter 9 Flashcards
Kingdom Protista
Eye Spot
Flagella
Oral Groove
Any of various one celled organisms that are either free livi…
A sensory organ of lower animals, having s light perceiving f…
A long, whiplike structure that helps a cell to move.
A funnel like indentation lined with cilia, which moves into…
Kingdom Protista
Any of various one celled organisms that are either free livi…
Eye Spot
A sensory organ of lower animals, having s light perceiving f…
36 terms
Science 7 - Chapter 9 Flashcards
animal with a backbone
skeleton inside the body
animal without a backbone
skeleton on the outside of the body
vertebrate
endoskeleton
invertebrate
exoskeleton
animal with a backbone
vertebrate
skeleton inside the body
endoskeleton
science chapter 9 flashcard
chemical reaction
what are 4 signs that a chemical react…
precipitate
how can you be sure a chemical reactio…
is a process in which one or more new substances change to ma…
1.) a color change ... 2.) the formation of a gas ... 3.)the format…
the formation of a solid
the chemical bond in the starting substances have to break
chemical reaction
is a process in which one or more new substances change to ma…
what are 4 signs that a chemical react…
1.) a color change ... 2.) the formation of a gas ... 3.)the format…
27 terms
Chapter 9 Science Flashcards
stress
tension
compression
shearing
A force that acts on an area of rock to change its shape or v…
Stress that stretches rocks so that it becomes thinner in the…
Stress that squeezes rock, causing folding
Stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions,m in…
stress
A force that acts on an area of rock to change its shape or v…
tension
Stress that stretches rocks so that it becomes thinner in the…
18 terms
science flashcards chapter 9
Gregor Mendel
Mendel's P generation
Mendel's F1 generation
Mendel's F2 generation
Father of genetics
two pure bred pea plants
The offspring of a purely dominant plant w/ a purely recessiv…
The offspring of 2 hybrid pea plants
Gregor Mendel
Father of genetics
Mendel's P generation
two pure bred pea plants
40 terms
Science Flashcards: Chapter 9
Thunderstorm
Stable air
Unstable air
Mature stage
Localized storms involving lightning, thunder, strong hail or…
Currents of rising air are stopped by adiabatic cooling and t…
Warm near the ground but very cold at higher altitudes
The peak of a thunderstorm's strength
Thunderstorm
Localized storms involving lightning, thunder, strong hail or…
Stable air
Currents of rising air are stopped by adiabatic cooling and t…
Science chapter 9 flashcards
speed
Reference point
Vector
speed formula
...
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
A quantity that consists of both
...
speed
...
Reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
40 terms
Chapter 9 Flashcards science
Thunderstorms
Stable air
Unstable air
Mature stage
Localized storms involving lighting thunder strong winds and…
Currents of rising air are stopped by adiabatic cooling
Warm near the ground but very cold at higher altitudes
The thunderstorm reaches the peak of his strength
Thunderstorms
Localized storms involving lighting thunder strong winds and…
Stable air
Currents of rising air are stopped by adiabatic cooling
Chapter 9 Science Flashcards
Kingdom Protista
Eye spot
Flagella
Oral groove
single-celled or simple multi-celled, eukaryotic, can move ar…
light detecting organelle found in unicellular organisms.
A long, whip-like filament that helps in cell motility. Many…
Cilia lined opening a paramecium used to engulf and digest food
Kingdom Protista
single-celled or simple multi-celled, eukaryotic, can move ar…
Eye spot
light detecting organelle found in unicellular organisms.
18 terms
Science flashcards chapter 9
Work
Joule
Power
Watt
Force exerted on an object that causes it to move
The amount of work you do when you exert a force of 1 Newton…
The rate at which one form of energy is transformed into anot…
The unit of power when one joule of work is done in one second
Work
Force exerted on an object that causes it to move
Joule
The amount of work you do when you exert a force of 1 Newton…
18 terms
Science Flashcards Chapter 9
Force
Newton
Net force
Unbalanced force
A push or pull in a given direction.
The SI unit to measure the strength of a force.
The combination of all forces acting on an object
A net force acting on an object
Force
A push or pull in a given direction.
Newton
The SI unit to measure the strength of a force.
Chapter 9 Flashcards- SCIENCE
Climate
Microclimate
Tropical Zone
Polar Zone
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
The area near equator, between about 23.5* north latitude and…
The areas near both poles, from about 66.5 to 90 north and…
Climate
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
Microclimate
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
29 terms
Science Flashcard: Chapter 9
chlorofluorocarbons
ozone hole
greenhouse gases
global warming
a group of compounds that cause ozone depletion
a large area of reduced ozone
gases in the atmosphere that trap energy
the gradual increase in the temp. of Earth's atmosphere
chlorofluorocarbons
a group of compounds that cause ozone depletion
ozone hole
a large area of reduced ozone
18 terms
environmental science chapter 9
Arable
Biological pest control
Desertification
Droughts
Land on which crops can be grown.
Using living organisms or naturally produced chemicals to con…
Deterioration of land to the point that it becomes desert.
Period when rainfall is less than average causing crop failure.
Arable
Land on which crops can be grown.
Biological pest control
Using living organisms or naturally produced chemicals to con…
Chapter 9 Science Flashcards
Classification
Taxonomy
Dichotomous key
Archaea
The division of organisms into groups, or classes, based on s…
The science of describing, naming, and classifying organisms
An aid that is used to identify organisms and that consists o…
In a modern taxonomic system, a domain made up of prokaryotes…
Classification
The division of organisms into groups, or classes, based on s…
Taxonomy
The science of describing, naming, and classifying organisms
16 terms
Science Flashcards Chapter 9
Air Masses
What are the 5 types of Air Masses?
Air Mass source regions are located....
What 2 things happen with the movement…
Large bodies of air with fairly uniform temperature (based on…
A = Arctic (temp) C = Continental (moisture)... M = Maritime (m…
In the high or low latitudes only.
1. Go through a change in temps and humidity (mix)... 2. Air mas…
Air Masses
Large bodies of air with fairly uniform temperature (based on…
What are the 5 types of Air Masses?
A = Arctic (temp) C = Continental (moisture)... M = Maritime (m…
14 terms
Chapter 9 Science
subduction
extrusive
El Nino
abyssal
the process by which one lithospheric plate is forced under a…
a type of igneous rock that cools quickly and as small crysta…
aperiodic change in oceanic and atmospheric conditions, causi…
a large, nearly flat region of a deep ocean basin.
subduction
the process by which one lithospheric plate is forced under a…
extrusive
a type of igneous rock that cools quickly and as small crysta…
Science Flashcards Chapter 9
Is the following sentence true or fals…
What do electromagnetic waves consist…
The energy that is transferred by elec…
Is the following sentence true or fals…
False
They consist of changing eletric and magnetic fields.
Electromagnetic Radiation
true
Is the following sentence true or fals…
False
What do electromagnetic waves consist…
They consist of changing eletric and magnetic fields.
15 terms
Science Chapter 9
peninsulas
changing
water
carbon dioxide
_____________________ are found along coasts, and is a type o…
Earth's surface is constantly _____________________________.
Wind and ____________________ are two things that can cause w…
Acid rain forms when rain mixes with ________________________…
peninsulas
_____________________ are found along coasts, and is a type o…
changing
Earth's surface is constantly _____________________________.
10 terms
Science Chapter 9 Flashcards
Classification
Taxonomy
Dichotomous
Archaea
The division of organisms into group, or classes, based on sp…
The science of describing, naming, and classifying organisms.
An aid that is used to identify organisms and that consists o…
Made of entirely of archaea.
Classification
The division of organisms into group, or classes, based on sp…
Taxonomy
The science of describing, naming, and classifying organisms.
11 terms
Science Chapter 9 Flashcards
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Fertilization
The passing of physical characteristics from parents to offsp…
A specific characteristic
The scientific study of heredity
When egg and sperm cells join
Heredity
The passing of physical characteristics from parents to offsp…
Trait
A specific characteristic
16 terms
Chapter 9 Science Flashcards
Force
Newton
Applied Force
Normal Force
A push or pull exerted on an object.
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
A force that is put on an object by another object.
The force that acts perpendicularly between objects when they…
Force
A push or pull exerted on an object.
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
Chapter 9 animal science
Additive
Barrow
Boar
Contract production
an additional substance added to feeds to supply specific req…
Castrated male pig
adult male pig
Business-style hog production that involves an agreement betw…
Additive
an additional substance added to feeds to supply specific req…
Barrow
Castrated male pig
15 terms
Science Chapter 9
The ___________ is Earth's outermost a…
Scientists learn about the mantle and…
The top part of the mantle and the cru…
An ___________ occurs when two plates…
Crust
studying materials that get pushed through cracks in the crust
lithosphere
earthquake
The ___________ is Earth's outermost a…
Crust
Scientists learn about the mantle and…
studying materials that get pushed through cracks in the crust
87 terms
Science chapter 9
Geologists make inferences based on th…
uniformitarianism's principle states t…
_________________ is the process of we…
Erosion includes the _________________…
uniformitarianism
the geologic processes that operate today also operated in th…
Erosion
wind water or gravity
Geologists make inferences based on th…
uniformitarianism
uniformitarianism's principle states t…
the geologic processes that operate today also operated in th…
63 terms
Science Chapter 9 Volcanoes
Volcanoes
Nonexplosive and explosive
Non explosive
Explosive
Areas of the Earth's surface through which magma and volcanic…
What are the two types of eruptions?
Which type of eruption is most common?
Which type of eruption is more rare and does not include lava…
Volcanoes
Areas of the Earth's surface through which magma and volcanic…
Nonexplosive and explosive
What are the two types of eruptions?
Life Science Chapter 9
annual
cellulose
herbaceous perennials
woody perennials
plant life cycle is completed in one year
chemical compound that plants make out of sugar... example: cele…
appear to die each winter, but grow produce in the spring
produce flowers and fruits and stems survive for many years
annual
plant life cycle is completed in one year
cellulose
chemical compound that plants make out of sugar... example: cele…
31 terms
Science 5B Chapter 9
wavelength
compression
rarefaction
pitch
Distance between one point on a wave and the nearest point ju…
The part of a longitudinal wave where the particles of the me…
a part in a longitudinal wave where the particles are spread…
How high or low a sound is
wavelength
Distance between one point on a wave and the nearest point ju…
compression
The part of a longitudinal wave where the particles of the me…
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
Oceanography
Salinity
Thermocline
Isothermal
an interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water. More s…
A layer of water in which there is a rapid change in TEMPERAT…
The high-latitude cure displays a pattern quite different fro…
Oceanography
an interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
Salinity
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water. More s…
24 terms
Holt Environmental Science Chapter 9
Demography
Developed Country
Developing Country
Age Structure
the study of human populations
higher average incomes, slower population growth diverse indu…
lower average income, simple and agriculture based economies…
the distribution of ages in a specific population at a certai…
Demography
the study of human populations
Developed Country
higher average incomes, slower population growth diverse indu…
8 terms
Science Chapter 9
Geology
Relative Dating
Fossil
Paleontologist
The study of rocks and rock formations
A method of putting events in the order in which they happened.
The remains or traces of a dead animal or plant that has been…
A scientist who studies and identifies fossils.
Geology
The study of rocks and rock formations
Relative Dating
A method of putting events in the order in which they happened.
23 terms
science flashcards (chapter 9-13)
temperature
stratosphere
mesosphere
thermosphere
-lowest layer... -weather occurs here... -temp. decraeses
-location of ozone... -temp. increases... -absorbs UV
-temp. decreases... -fewer particles
-upper layer... -temp increases... -location of aurora borealis
temperature
-lowest layer... -weather occurs here... -temp. decraeses
stratosphere
-location of ozone... -temp. increases... -absorbs UV
11 terms
Science Chapter 9
microorganisms
kingdoms
binary fission
virus
living things too small to see without a microscope
the largest classification groups of living things
A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to f…
Genetic material surrounded by a protein shell that invades l…
microorganisms
living things too small to see without a microscope
kingdoms
the largest classification groups of living things
13 terms
Science chapter 9
matter
volume
mass
property
anything that takes up space and has mass
describes how much space something takes up- how big or small…
the measure of teh amount of matter in something (how heavy o…
the characteristics of something. The way it looks, tastes, s…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
volume
describes how much space something takes up- how big or small…
Science Chapter 9.1-9.3 Flashcards
kingdom protista
eye spot
flagella
oral groove
a kingdom comprising of protists
an organ that has a light-perceiving function, on paramecium
long, whip-like structures hat helps a cell move, on euglena…
a "cell mouth" for paramecium; when it's full it breaks into…
kingdom protista
a kingdom comprising of protists
eye spot
an organ that has a light-perceiving function, on paramecium
19 terms
Chapter 9 Science
solid and organic material that is usu…
inorganic solid material found in natu…
material that contains enough of usefu…
solid material with atoms arranged in…
rock
mineral
ore
crystal
solid and organic material that is usu…
rock
inorganic solid material found in natu…
mineral
16 terms
Chapter 9 Earth Science Terms
continental drift
Pangaea
sonar
deep-ocean trench
hypothesis that continents were once connected as one superco…
One of Earth's supercontinents which broke up some 200 millio…
electronic device used to find the depth of the ocean floor b…
Deep portion of the ocean, created by the subduction of an oc…
continental drift
hypothesis that continents were once connected as one superco…
Pangaea
One of Earth's supercontinents which broke up some 200 millio…
Science - Chapter 9 - Notes Review
Paleontologists
Fossils
they have hard parts (bones, teeth, or…
Nine
They study fossils and can learn about extinct animals from t…
The remains, imprints, or traces of prehistoric organisms
Dead organisms have a better chance of being fossilized if...
How many types of preservation are there?
Paleontologists
They study fossils and can learn about extinct animals from t…
Fossils
The remains, imprints, or traces of prehistoric organisms
Science Chapter 9
Rain Gauge
Weather Vane
Anemometer
Weather map
Which tool is used to measure the amount of rainfall?
Which tool is used to show the direction of the wind?
Which tool is used to measure the speed of wind?
What shows the weather data over a large area?
Rain Gauge
Which tool is used to measure the amount of rainfall?
Weather Vane
Which tool is used to show the direction of the wind?
Physical Science- Chapter 9 flashcards
Motion
Reference Point
Meter
Speed
The state in which one's distance fom another is changed
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
The metric (system international) unit for length
The distance an object travels in 1 unit of time
Motion
The state in which one's distance fom another is changed
Reference Point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
speed
average speed
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The distance an object travels in a certain period of time wi…
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
13 terms
Science Chapter 9
Biome
Desert
Grassland
Temperate
a geophric area on the earth that contains its own ecosystem…
biomes that receive very little rain
areas where grasses are the dominate plant
regions of Earth between the tropic and polar circles
Biome
a geophric area on the earth that contains its own ecosystem…
Desert
biomes that receive very little rain
Science Chapter 9 Vocabulary
acid
base
boiling point
chemical formula
a compound that typically releases hydrogen ions
a compound that typically receives hydrogen ions
the temperature at which enough energy is added to a liquid t…
a shorthand way to describe a compound
acid
a compound that typically releases hydrogen ions
base
a compound that typically receives hydrogen ions
Science Chapter9
COMMON ELEMENTS
CORRSIN
ATOM
BUOYANCY
HYDROGN ,METAL , OXYGEN , AND SILICON.
WHEN A METAL IS LEFT OUTSIDE I COMBINES WITH NONMETALS [EXAMP…
THE SMALLEST UNIT OF AN ELEMENT THAT HAS THE PROPERTIES OF TH…
THE UP PUSH OF A LIQUID OR A GAS AN OBJECT PLACED IN IT.
COMMON ELEMENTS
HYDROGN ,METAL , OXYGEN , AND SILICON.
CORRSIN
WHEN A METAL IS LEFT OUTSIDE I COMBINES WITH NONMETALS [EXAMP…
Science Chapter 9
An _______________________ is an organ…
A consumer that eats other animals onl…
The green pigment found in the chlorop…
An organism that obtains energy by fee…
Autotroph
Carnivore.
Chlorophyll
Consumer
An _______________________ is an organ…
Autotroph
A consumer that eats other animals onl…
Carnivore.
Chapter 9 science
photosynthesis
heterotroph
chlorophyll
producer
the process where plants and autotrophs capture and use light
An organism that cannot make its own food.
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
an organism that can make its own food
photosynthesis
the process where plants and autotrophs capture and use light
heterotroph
An organism that cannot make its own food.
9 terms
CPO Middle School Earth Science (Chapter 9)
Geology
Relative Dating
Fossil
Paleontologist
The study of rocks and rock formations.
A method of putting events in the order in which they happened.
The remains or traces of a dead animal or plant that has been…
A scientist who studies and identifies fossils.
Geology
The study of rocks and rock formations.
Relative Dating
A method of putting events in the order in which they happened.
15 terms
Science Chapter 9
Volcano
Magma Chamber
Vent
Aa
a vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
the body of molten rock that feeds a volcano
an opening at the surface of the Earth through which volcanic…
lava pours out quickly and forms a brittle crust. The crust i…
Volcano
a vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
Magma Chamber
the body of molten rock that feeds a volcano
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Strong Force
Radioactivity
Alpha Particle
Transmutation
a powerful force of attraction that acts only on the neutrons…
the process by which an unstable nucleus gives off nuclear ra…
a type of nuclear radiation consisting of two protons and two…
process of changing one element to another through radioactiv…
Strong Force
a powerful force of attraction that acts only on the neutrons…
Radioactivity
the process by which an unstable nucleus gives off nuclear ra…
1 of 10