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Study sets matching "science chapter 9 flashcards"

13 terms
Science Chapter 9 flashcards
Neutron
Boiling Point
Liquid
Proton
A neutral particle in the nucleus of an atom is a __.
A liquid begins to vaporize at its __ __.
Matter that takes up a definite amount of space but has no de…
The atomic # of hydrogen is 1 because it has one __.
Neutron
A neutral particle in the nucleus of an atom is a __.
Boiling Point
A liquid begins to vaporize at its __ __.
36 terms
Science 7 - Chapter 9 Flashcards
animal with a backbone
skeleton inside the body
animal without a backbone
skeleton on the outside of the body
vertebrate
endoskeleton
invertebrate
exoskeleton
animal with a backbone
vertebrate
skeleton inside the body
endoskeleton
21 terms
Science-Chapter 9 Flashcards
Kingdom Protista
Eye Spot
Flagella
Oral Groove
Any of various one celled organisms that are either free livi…
A sensory organ of lower animals, having s light perceiving f…
A long, whiplike structure that helps a cell to move.
A funnel like indentation lined with cilia, which moves into…
Kingdom Protista
Any of various one celled organisms that are either free livi…
Eye Spot
A sensory organ of lower animals, having s light perceiving f…
16 terms
Chapter 9 Science Flashcards
Force
Newton
Applied Force
Normal Force
A push or pull exerted on an object.
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
A force that is put on an object by another object.
The force that acts perpendicularly between objects when they…
Force
A push or pull exerted on an object.
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
40 terms
Chapter 9 Flashcards science
Thunderstorms
Stable air
Unstable air
Mature stage
Localized storms involving lighting thunder strong winds and…
Currents of rising air are stopped by adiabatic cooling
Warm near the ground but very cold at higher altitudes
The thunderstorm reaches the peak of his strength
Thunderstorms
Localized storms involving lighting thunder strong winds and…
Stable air
Currents of rising air are stopped by adiabatic cooling
18 terms
Science flashcards chapter 9
Work
Joule
Power
Watt
Force exerted on an object that causes it to move
The amount of work you do when you exert a force of 1 Newton…
The rate at which one form of energy is transformed into anot…
The unit of power when one joule of work is done in one second
Work
Force exerted on an object that causes it to move
Joule
The amount of work you do when you exert a force of 1 Newton…
40 terms
Science Flashcards: Chapter 9
Thunderstorm
Stable air
Unstable air
Mature stage
Localized storms involving lightning, thunder, strong hail or…
Currents of rising air are stopped by adiabatic cooling and t…
Warm near the ground but very cold at higher altitudes
The peak of a thunderstorm's strength
Thunderstorm
Localized storms involving lightning, thunder, strong hail or…
Stable air
Currents of rising air are stopped by adiabatic cooling and t…
Science chapter 9 flashcards
speed
Reference point
Vector
speed formula
...
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
A quantity that consists of both
...
speed
...
Reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
22 terms
Chapter 9 Science Flashcards
Kingdom Protista
Eye spot
Flagella
Oral groove
single-celled or simple multi-celled, eukaryotic, can move ar…
light detecting organelle found in unicellular organisms.
A long, whip-like filament that helps in cell motility. Many…
Cilia lined opening a paramecium used to engulf and digest food
Kingdom Protista
single-celled or simple multi-celled, eukaryotic, can move ar…
Eye spot
light detecting organelle found in unicellular organisms.
29 terms
Science Flashcard: Chapter 9
chlorofluorocarbons
ozone hole
greenhouse gases
global warming
a group of compounds that cause ozone depletion
a large area of reduced ozone
gases in the atmosphere that trap energy
the gradual increase in the temp. of Earth's atmosphere
chlorofluorocarbons
a group of compounds that cause ozone depletion
ozone hole
a large area of reduced ozone
18 terms
Science Flashcards Chapter 9
Force
Newton
Net force
Unbalanced force
A push or pull in a given direction.
The SI unit to measure the strength of a force.
The combination of all forces acting on an object
A net force acting on an object
Force
A push or pull in a given direction.
Newton
The SI unit to measure the strength of a force.
29 terms
Chapter 9 Flashcards- SCIENCE
Climate
Microclimate
Tropical Zone
Polar Zone
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
The area near equator, between about 23.5* north latitude and…
The areas near both poles, from about 66.5 to 90 north and…
Climate
The average, long-term conditions of temperature, precipitati…
Microclimate
Climate conditions within a small area that differ from those…
29 terms
Science 10 Chapter 9 Vocabulary
chemical reaction
chemical equation
reactants
products
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
a representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
things that react together (on the left side of the equation)
things that are produced (on the right side of the equation)
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
chemical equation
a representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
18 terms
environmental science chapter 9
Arable
Biological pest control
Desertification
Droughts
Land on which crops can be grown.
Using living organisms or naturally produced chemicals to con…
Deterioration of land to the point that it becomes desert.
Period when rainfall is less than average causing crop failure.
Arable
Land on which crops can be grown.
Biological pest control
Using living organisms or naturally produced chemicals to con…
15 terms
Science Chapter 9
The ___________ is Earth's outermost a…
Scientists learn about the mantle and…
The top part of the mantle and the cru…
An ___________ occurs when two plates…
Crust
studying materials that get pushed through cracks in the crust
lithosphere
earthquake
The ___________ is Earth's outermost a…
Crust
Scientists learn about the mantle and…
studying materials that get pushed through cracks in the crust
8 terms
Science Chapter 9
Geology
Relative Dating
Fossil
Paleontologist
The study of rocks and rock formations
A method of putting events in the order in which they happened.
The remains or traces of a dead animal or plant that has been…
A scientist who studies and identifies fossils.
Geology
The study of rocks and rock formations
Relative Dating
A method of putting events in the order in which they happened.
23 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9 (Trilogy)
wave
medium
mechanical wave
transverse wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
waves that can only travel through a medium
particles in the medium moves back and forth at right angles…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
31 terms
Science 5B Chapter 9
wavelength
compression
rarefaction
pitch
Distance between one point on a wave and the nearest point ju…
The part of a longitudinal wave where the particles of the me…
a part in a longitudinal wave where the particles are spread…
How high or low a sound is
wavelength
Distance between one point on a wave and the nearest point ju…
compression
The part of a longitudinal wave where the particles of the me…
14 terms
Science Flashcards Chapter 9
Is the following sentence true or fals…
What do electromagnetic waves consist…
The energy that is transferred by elec…
Is the following sentence true or fals…
False
They consist of changing eletric and magnetic fields.
Electromagnetic Radiation
true
Is the following sentence true or fals…
False
What do electromagnetic waves consist…
They consist of changing eletric and magnetic fields.
16 terms
Science Flashcards Chapter 9
Air Masses
What are the 5 types of Air Masses?
Air Mass source regions are located....
What 2 things happen with the movement…
Large bodies of air with fairly uniform temperature (based on…
A = Arctic (temp) C = Continental (moisture)... M = Maritime (m…
In the high or low latitudes only.
1. Go through a change in temps and humidity (mix)... 2. Air mas…
Air Masses
Large bodies of air with fairly uniform temperature (based on…
What are the 5 types of Air Masses?
A = Arctic (temp) C = Continental (moisture)... M = Maritime (m…
19 terms
Science Chapter 9
The crust is Earth's _________________…
Layers of Earth
Scientists study material that pushed…
Granite, basalt, and pumice are all ex…
outermost, thinnest
learn about the mantle and the core
igneous
The crust is Earth's _________________…
outermost, thinnest
Layers of Earth
14 terms
Science Chapter 9 Vocabulary
acid
base
boiling point
chemical formula
a compound that typically releases hydrogen ions
a compound that typically receives hydrogen ions
the temperature at which enough energy is added to a liquid t…
a shorthand way to describe a compound
acid
a compound that typically releases hydrogen ions
base
a compound that typically receives hydrogen ions
28 terms
Science Chapter9
COMMON ELEMENTS
CORRSIN
ATOM
BUOYANCY
HYDROGN ,METAL , OXYGEN , AND SILICON.
WHEN A METAL IS LEFT OUTSIDE I COMBINES WITH NONMETALS [EXAMP…
THE SMALLEST UNIT OF AN ELEMENT THAT HAS THE PROPERTIES OF TH…
THE UP PUSH OF A LIQUID OR A GAS AN OBJECT PLACED IN IT.
COMMON ELEMENTS
HYDROGN ,METAL , OXYGEN , AND SILICON.
CORRSIN
WHEN A METAL IS LEFT OUTSIDE I COMBINES WITH NONMETALS [EXAMP…
13 terms
Science Chapter 9
Biome
Desert
Grassland
Temperate
a geophric area on the earth that contains its own ecosystem…
biomes that receive very little rain
areas where grasses are the dominate plant
regions of Earth between the tropic and polar circles
Biome
a geophric area on the earth that contains its own ecosystem…
Desert
biomes that receive very little rain
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
Oceanography
Salinity
Thermocline
Isothermal
an interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water. More s…
A layer of water in which there is a rapid change in TEMPERAT…
The high-latitude cure displays a pattern quite different fro…
Oceanography
an interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
Salinity
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water. More s…
31 terms
Science Chapter 9
An _______________________ is an organ…
A consumer that eats other animals onl…
The green pigment found in the chlorop…
An organism that obtains energy by fee…
Autotroph
Carnivore.
Chlorophyll
Consumer
An _______________________ is an organ…
Autotroph
A consumer that eats other animals onl…
Carnivore.
23 terms
Science 4 chapter 9
canyon
landform
wear away
volcano
n.峡谷
n. 地形
磨损;消磨;流逝
n.火山
canyon
n.峡谷
landform
n. 地形
Chapter 9 science
photosynthesis
heterotroph
chlorophyll
producer
the process where plants and autotrophs capture and use light
An organism that cannot make its own food.
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
an organism that can make its own food
photosynthesis
the process where plants and autotrophs capture and use light
heterotroph
An organism that cannot make its own food.
Chapter 9 Science Vocabulary
adaptation
camouflage
habitat
hibernate
physical feature or a behavior that helps a living thing surv…
the physical appearance of an animal that helps it blend in w…
where an organism lives
to go into a deep sleep during which an animal uses very litt…
adaptation
physical feature or a behavior that helps a living thing surv…
camouflage
the physical appearance of an animal that helps it blend in w…
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Strong Force
Radioactivity
Alpha Particle
Transmutation
a powerful force of attraction that acts only on the neutrons…
the process by which an unstable nucleus gives off nuclear ra…
a type of nuclear radiation consisting of two protons and two…
process of changing one element to another through radioactiv…
Strong Force
a powerful force of attraction that acts only on the neutrons…
Radioactivity
the process by which an unstable nucleus gives off nuclear ra…
26 terms
Science Review - Chapter 9 Flashcards
Mesa
sand bar
sand dune
mountain
is a tall flat topped rock feature formed from water
pile of sand deposited where a river flows into ocean
a hill of sand made and shaped by sand
a landform that is much higher than the surrounding land
Mesa
is a tall flat topped rock feature formed from water
sand bar
pile of sand deposited where a river flows into ocean
17 terms
Science Chapter 9
Weather
Atmosphere
Precipitation
when water condenses it forms these
the condition of the air at a certain time and place
a blanket of air that surrounds the earth that helps keep the…
water that falls from the sky to the ground-rain, snow, sleet…
clouds
Weather
the condition of the air at a certain time and place
Atmosphere
a blanket of air that surrounds the earth that helps keep the…
33 terms
Chapter 9 Forensic Science Bertino
controlled substance
drug
narcotic
poison
a drug or other chemical compound whose manufacture, distribu…
a chemical substance that affects the processes of the mind o…
an addictive dug, such as opium, that relieves pain, alters m…
a naturally occurring or manufactured substance that can caus…
controlled substance
a drug or other chemical compound whose manufacture, distribu…
drug
a chemical substance that affects the processes of the mind o…
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9: Surface Water
Runoff
Watershed
Tributaries
Divide
Water flowing downslope along Earth's surface
All of the land area whose water drains into a stream system
Rivers that flow into other streams
A high land area that separates one watershed from another
Runoff
Water flowing downslope along Earth's surface
Watershed
All of the land area whose water drains into a stream system
8 terms
Science Chapter 9 Matter
matter
mass
property
state of matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
a measure of the amount of matter in an object
a characteristic of something
a form of matter, such as solid, liquid, or gas
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
mass
a measure of the amount of matter in an object
11 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 9
magnet
permanent magnet
temporary magnet
magnetic poles
An object that attracts certain metals, mainly iron
An object that keeps its magnetism for a long time
An object that loses its magnetism after a short time
The area on a magnet where the force of a magnet is greatest
magnet
An object that attracts certain metals, mainly iron
permanent magnet
An object that keeps its magnetism for a long time
14 terms
Science - Chapter 9
landform
weathering
erosion
deposition
a natural feature on the Earth's surface such as mountains, h…
rocks in the Earth's crust are slowly broken into smaller pie…
the movement of weathered pieces of rock by water, ice and wind
when pieces of rock and soil are laid down in a new place
landform
a natural feature on the Earth's surface such as mountains, h…
weathering
rocks in the Earth's crust are slowly broken into smaller pie…
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9- Waves
wave
medium
mechanical waves
transverse wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
waves that can only travel through matter
particles in the medium move back and forth at right angles t…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
19 terms
3 Science Chapter 9
weather
atmosphere
temperature
precipitation
the condition of the air at a certain time and place
a blanket of air that surrounds the earth
the measurement of how hot or cold something is
water that falls from the sky to the ground (rain, snow, slee…
weather
the condition of the air at a certain time and place
atmosphere
a blanket of air that surrounds the earth
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
distance
displacement
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The length of a path between two points.
The length AND DIRECTION of a straight line between starting…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
15 terms
Science Chapter 9
fault
stress
earthquake
normal fault
a fracture or break in the Earth's lithosphere
force exerted when an object presses on, pulls on, or pushes…
a shaking of the ground caused by sudden movements of rock al…
rocks are pulled apart
fault
a fracture or break in the Earth's lithosphere
stress
force exerted when an object presses on, pulls on, or pushes…
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9: Plate Tectonics
Continental drift
Pangaea
Plate tectonics
Plate
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
the proposed supercontinent that 200 million years ago began…
the theory that proposes that Earth's outer shell consists of…
one of numerous rigid sections of the lithosphere that moves…
Continental drift
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
Pangaea
the proposed supercontinent that 200 million years ago began…
24 terms
Holt Environmental Science Chapter 9
Demography
Developed Country
Developing Country
Age Structure
the study of human populations
higher average incomes, slower population growth diverse indu…
lower average income, simple and agriculture based economies…
the distribution of ages in a specific population at a certai…
Demography
the study of human populations
Developed Country
higher average incomes, slower population growth diverse indu…
12 terms
Science 4th Chapter 9
Mineral
Landform
Luster
Weathering
Natural, nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks.
Natural land feature on Earth's surface.
The way the surface of a mineral reflects light.
Process of rocks in Earth's crust slowly being broken into sm…
Mineral
Natural, nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks.
Landform
Natural land feature on Earth's surface.
23 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
heat
heat source
nuclear fission
nuclear fusion
A form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
A place from which heat energy comes.
A reaction that occurs when the nucleus of an atom splits. En…
A reaction that occurs when atoms are joined together and ene…
heat
A form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
heat source
A place from which heat energy comes.
Life Science Chapter 9
annual
cellulose
herbaceous perennials
woody perennials
plant life cycle is completed in one year
chemical compound that plants make out of sugar... example: cele…
appear to die each winter, but grow produce in the spring
produce flowers and fruits and stems survive for many years
annual
plant life cycle is completed in one year
cellulose
chemical compound that plants make out of sugar... example: cele…
53 terms
Science 9 Chapter 9 Vocabulary & Notes
Vocabulary
Static charge
Discharge
Electrostatics
...
An electric charge at rest (builds up from imbalance)
To remove all electric charge so it's neutral
Study of the static electric charge
Vocabulary
...
Static charge
An electric charge at rest (builds up from imbalance)
42 terms
Chapter 9 Political Science Flashcards
Constituent
Bicameralism
Lawmaking
Earmarks
One of the persons represented by a legislator or other elect…
The division of a legislature into two separate assemblies.
The process of establishing the legal rules that govern socie…
Special provisions in legislation to set aside funds for proj…
Constituent
One of the persons represented by a legislator or other elect…
Bicameralism
The division of a legislature into two separate assemblies.
10 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
motion
reference point
International System of Units
meter
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
The system of units (SI) used by scientists to measure the pr…
The basic SI unit of length.
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
13 terms
Chapter 9 (science)
energy
work
kinetic energy
kinetic energy (formula)
the ability to do work. (J)
when a force causes an object to move over a distance.
the engery of motion.
KE= 1/2 mv 2(squared)= #(J)
energy
the ability to do work. (J)
work
when a force causes an object to move over a distance.
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