Study sets matching "science chapter 9"

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Study sets matching "science chapter 9"

18 terms
environmental science chapter 9
Arable
Biological pest control
Desertification
Droughts
Land on which crops can be grown.
Using living organisms or naturally produced chemicals to con…
Deterioration of land to the point that it becomes desert.
Period when rainfall is less than average causing crop failure.
Arable
Land on which crops can be grown.
Biological pest control
Using living organisms or naturally produced chemicals to con…
14 terms
Chapter 9 Science
subduction
extrusive
El Nino
abyssal
the process by which one lithospheric plate is forced under a…
a type of igneous rock that cools quickly and as small crysta…
aperiodic change in oceanic and atmospheric conditions, causi…
a large, nearly flat region of a deep ocean basin.
subduction
the process by which one lithospheric plate is forced under a…
extrusive
a type of igneous rock that cools quickly and as small crysta…
15 terms
Science Chapter 9
peninsulas
changing
water
carbon dioxide
_____________________ are found along coasts, and is a type o…
Earth's surface is constantly _____________________________.
Wind and ____________________ are two things that can cause w…
Acid rain forms when rain mixes with ________________________…
peninsulas
_____________________ are found along coasts, and is a type o…
changing
Earth's surface is constantly _____________________________.
Chapter 9 animal science
Additive
Barrow
Boar
Contract production
an additional substance added to feeds to supply specific req…
Castrated male pig
adult male pig
Business-style hog production that involves an agreement betw…
Additive
an additional substance added to feeds to supply specific req…
Barrow
Castrated male pig
15 terms
Science Chapter 9
The ___________ is Earth's outermost a…
Scientists learn about the mantle and…
The top part of the mantle and the cru…
An ___________ occurs when two plates…
Crust
studying materials that get pushed through cracks in the crust
lithosphere
earthquake
The ___________ is Earth's outermost a…
Crust
Scientists learn about the mantle and…
studying materials that get pushed through cracks in the crust
87 terms
Science chapter 9
Geologists make inferences based on th…
uniformitarianism's principle states t…
_________________ is the process of we…
Erosion includes the _________________…
uniformitarianism
the geologic processes that operate today also operated in th…
Erosion
wind water or gravity
Geologists make inferences based on th…
uniformitarianism
uniformitarianism's principle states t…
the geologic processes that operate today also operated in th…
63 terms
Science Chapter 9 Volcanoes
Volcanoes
Nonexplosive and explosive
Non explosive
Explosive
Areas of the Earth's surface through which magma and volcanic…
What are the two types of eruptions?
Which type of eruption is most common?
Which type of eruption is more rare and does not include lava…
Volcanoes
Areas of the Earth's surface through which magma and volcanic…
Nonexplosive and explosive
What are the two types of eruptions?
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
Oceanography
Salinity
Thermocline
Isothermal
an interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water. More s…
A layer of water in which there is a rapid change in TEMPERAT…
The high-latitude cure displays a pattern quite different fro…
Oceanography
an interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
Salinity
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water. More s…
8 terms
Science Chapter 9
Geology
Relative Dating
Fossil
Paleontologist
The study of rocks and rock formations
A method of putting events in the order in which they happened.
The remains or traces of a dead animal or plant that has been…
A scientist who studies and identifies fossils.
Geology
The study of rocks and rock formations
Relative Dating
A method of putting events in the order in which they happened.
13 terms
Science chapter 9
matter
volume
mass
property
anything that takes up space and has mass
describes how much space something takes up- how big or small…
the measure of teh amount of matter in something (how heavy o…
the characteristics of something. The way it looks, tastes, s…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
volume
describes how much space something takes up- how big or small…
31 terms
Science 5B Chapter 9
wavelength
compression
rarefaction
pitch
Distance between one point on a wave and the nearest point ju…
The part of a longitudinal wave where the particles of the me…
a part in a longitudinal wave where the particles are spread…
How high or low a sound is
wavelength
Distance between one point on a wave and the nearest point ju…
compression
The part of a longitudinal wave where the particles of the me…
16 terms
Chapter 9 Earth Science Terms
continental drift
Pangaea
sonar
deep-ocean trench
hypothesis that continents were once connected as one superco…
One of Earth's supercontinents which broke up some 200 millio…
electronic device used to find the depth of the ocean floor b…
Deep portion of the ocean, created by the subduction of an oc…
continental drift
hypothesis that continents were once connected as one superco…
Pangaea
One of Earth's supercontinents which broke up some 200 millio…
19 terms
Chapter 9 Science
solid and organic material that is usu…
inorganic solid material found in natu…
material that contains enough of usefu…
solid material with atoms arranged in…
rock
mineral
ore
crystal
solid and organic material that is usu…
rock
inorganic solid material found in natu…
mineral
Science - Chapter 9 - Notes Review
Paleontologists
Fossils
they have hard parts (bones, teeth, or…
Nine
They study fossils and can learn about extinct animals from t…
The remains, imprints, or traces of prehistoric organisms
Dead organisms have a better chance of being fossilized if...
How many types of preservation are there?
Paleontologists
They study fossils and can learn about extinct animals from t…
Fossils
The remains, imprints, or traces of prehistoric organisms
Science Chapter 9 Vocabulary
acid
base
boiling point
chemical formula
a compound that typically releases hydrogen ions
a compound that typically receives hydrogen ions
the temperature at which enough energy is added to a liquid t…
a shorthand way to describe a compound
acid
a compound that typically releases hydrogen ions
base
a compound that typically receives hydrogen ions
Science Chapter9
COMMON ELEMENTS
CORRSIN
ATOM
BUOYANCY
HYDROGN ,METAL , OXYGEN , AND SILICON.
WHEN A METAL IS LEFT OUTSIDE I COMBINES WITH NONMETALS [EXAMP…
THE SMALLEST UNIT OF AN ELEMENT THAT HAS THE PROPERTIES OF TH…
THE UP PUSH OF A LIQUID OR A GAS AN OBJECT PLACED IN IT.
COMMON ELEMENTS
HYDROGN ,METAL , OXYGEN , AND SILICON.
CORRSIN
WHEN A METAL IS LEFT OUTSIDE I COMBINES WITH NONMETALS [EXAMP…
24 terms
Holt Environmental Science Chapter 9
Demography
Developed Country
Developing Country
Age Structure
the study of human populations
higher average incomes, slower population growth diverse indu…
lower average income, simple and agriculture based economies…
the distribution of ages in a specific population at a certai…
Demography
the study of human populations
Developed Country
higher average incomes, slower population growth diverse indu…
Science Chapter 9
Rain Gauge
Weather Vane
Anemometer
Weather map
Which tool is used to measure the amount of rainfall?
Which tool is used to show the direction of the wind?
Which tool is used to measure the speed of wind?
What shows the weather data over a large area?
Rain Gauge
Which tool is used to measure the amount of rainfall?
Weather Vane
Which tool is used to show the direction of the wind?
10 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
motion
reference point
International System of Units
meter
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
The system of units (SI) used by scientists to measure the pr…
The basic SI unit of length.
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
Science 4th Chapter 9
Mineral
Landform
Luster
Weathering
Natural, nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks.
Natural land feature on Earth's surface.
The way the surface of a mineral reflects light.
Process of rocks in Earth's crust slowly being broken into sm…
Mineral
Natural, nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks.
Landform
Natural land feature on Earth's surface.
Science Chapter 9
An _______________________ is an organ…
A consumer that eats other animals onl…
The green pigment found in the chlorop…
An organism that obtains energy by fee…
Autotroph
Carnivore.
Chlorophyll
Consumer
An _______________________ is an organ…
Autotroph
A consumer that eats other animals onl…
Carnivore.
Chapter 9 science
photosynthesis
heterotroph
chlorophyll
producer
the process where plants and autotrophs capture and use light
An organism that cannot make its own food.
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
an organism that can make its own food
photosynthesis
the process where plants and autotrophs capture and use light
heterotroph
An organism that cannot make its own food.
13 terms
Science Chapter 9
Biome
Desert
Grassland
Temperate
a geophric area on the earth that contains its own ecosystem…
biomes that receive very little rain
areas where grasses are the dominate plant
regions of Earth between the tropic and polar circles
Biome
a geophric area on the earth that contains its own ecosystem…
Desert
biomes that receive very little rain
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Strong Force
Radioactivity
Alpha Particle
Transmutation
a powerful force of attraction that acts only on the neutrons…
the process by which an unstable nucleus gives off nuclear ra…
a type of nuclear radiation consisting of two protons and two…
process of changing one element to another through radioactiv…
Strong Force
a powerful force of attraction that acts only on the neutrons…
Radioactivity
the process by which an unstable nucleus gives off nuclear ra…
15 terms
Science Chapter 9
Volcano
Magma Chamber
Vent
Aa
a vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
the body of molten rock that feeds a volcano
an opening at the surface of the Earth through which volcanic…
lava pours out quickly and forms a brittle crust. The crust i…
Volcano
a vent or fissure in the Earth's surface through which magma…
Magma Chamber
the body of molten rock that feeds a volcano
Science Chapter 9 Matter
matter
mass
property
state of matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
a measure of the amount of matter in an object
a characteristic of something
a form of matter, such as solid, liquid, or gas
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
mass
a measure of the amount of matter in an object
17 terms
Science Chapter 9
Weather
Atmosphere
Precipitation
when water condenses it forms these
the condition of the air at a certain time and place
a blanket of air that surrounds the earth that helps keep the…
water that falls from the sky to the ground-rain, snow, sleet…
clouds
Weather
the condition of the air at a certain time and place
Atmosphere
a blanket of air that surrounds the earth that helps keep the…
Chapter 9 Science Vocabulary
adaptation
camouflage
habitat
hibernate
physical feature or a behavior that helps a living thing surv…
the physical appearance of an animal that helps it blend in w…
where an organism lives
to go into a deep sleep during which an animal uses very litt…
adaptation
physical feature or a behavior that helps a living thing surv…
camouflage
the physical appearance of an animal that helps it blend in w…
11 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 9
magnet
permanent magnet
temporary magnet
magnetic poles
An object that attracts certain metals, mainly iron
An object that keeps its magnetism for a long time
An object that loses its magnetism after a short time
The area on a magnet where the force of a magnet is greatest
magnet
An object that attracts certain metals, mainly iron
permanent magnet
An object that keeps its magnetism for a long time
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Heat
Thermal Equilibrium
How does heat flow?
Specific Heat
Thermal energy that is capable of moving
The point at which the flow of heat between two objects no lo…
Heat flows from an object of a higher temperature to an objec…
-Amount of heat needed to raise temperature of 1 kg of materi…
Heat
Thermal energy that is capable of moving
Thermal Equilibrium
The point at which the flow of heat between two objects no lo…
19 terms
Science Chapter 9
The crust is Earth's _________________…
Layers of Earth
Scientists study material that pushed…
Granite, basalt, and pumice are all ex…
outermost, thinnest
learn about the mantle and the core
igneous
The crust is Earth's _________________…
outermost, thinnest
Layers of Earth
9 terms
CPO Middle School Earth Science (Chapter 9)
Geology
Relative Dating
Fossil
Paleontologist
The study of rocks and rock formations.
A method of putting events in the order in which they happened.
The remains or traces of a dead animal or plant that has been…
A scientist who studies and identifies fossils.
Geology
The study of rocks and rock formations.
Relative Dating
A method of putting events in the order in which they happened.
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9: Plate Tectonics
Continental drift
Pangaea
Plate tectonics
Plate
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
the proposed supercontinent that 200 million years ago began…
the theory that proposes that Earth's outer shell consists of…
one of numerous rigid sections of the lithosphere that moves…
Continental drift
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
Pangaea
the proposed supercontinent that 200 million years ago began…
3 Science Chapter 9
weather
atmosphere
temperature
precipitation
the condition of the air at a certain time and place
a blanket of air that surrounds the earth
the measurement of how hot or cold something is
water that falls from the sky to the ground (rain, snow, slee…
weather
the condition of the air at a certain time and place
atmosphere
a blanket of air that surrounds the earth
14 terms
Science - Chapter 9
landform
weathering
erosion
deposition
a natural feature on the Earth's surface such as mountains, h…
rocks in the Earth's crust are slowly broken into smaller pie…
the movement of weathered pieces of rock by water, ice and wind
when pieces of rock and soil are laid down in a new place
landform
a natural feature on the Earth's surface such as mountains, h…
weathering
rocks in the Earth's crust are slowly broken into smaller pie…
13 terms
Science - Chapter 9
acoustics
decibel
echo
frequency
the science of sound
a unit for the measurement of the intensity of a sound
a sound wave that reflects back toward its source and is hear…
the number of waves that pass a point in one second
acoustics
the science of sound
decibel
a unit for the measurement of the intensity of a sound
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
distance
displacement
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The length of a path between two points.
The length AND DIRECTION of a straight line between starting…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
6th Science Chapter 9
mineral
crystals
rock
sedimentary rock
a natural, nonliving solid with a definite chemical structure…
particles that make up a mineral
a solid, natural material made up of one or more minerals
formed from layers of sediment that have been cemented togeth…
mineral
a natural, nonliving solid with a definite chemical structure…
crystals
particles that make up a mineral
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
speed
average speed
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The distance an object travels in a certain period of time wi…
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
15 terms
Science Chapter 9
fault
stress
earthquake
normal fault
a fracture or break in the Earth's lithosphere
force exerted when an object presses on, pulls on, or pushes…
a shaking of the ground caused by sudden movements of rock al…
rocks are pulled apart
fault
a fracture or break in the Earth's lithosphere
stress
force exerted when an object presses on, pulls on, or pushes…
Life Science Chapter 9
annual
cellulose
herbaceous perennials
woody perennials
plant life cycle is completed in one year
chemical compound that plants make out of sugar... example: cele…
appear to die each winter, but grow produce in the spring
produce flowers and fruits and stems survive for many years
annual
plant life cycle is completed in one year
cellulose
chemical compound that plants make out of sugar... example: cele…
Science Chapter 9 Vocabulary
lava
intrusive
extrusive
lithosphere
the magma that reaches the surface of the earth
a type of igneous rock that cools slowly and has large crystals
a type of igneous rock that cools quickly and has small cryst…
the crust and solid, upper portion of the mantle
lava
the magma that reaches the surface of the earth
intrusive
a type of igneous rock that cools slowly and has large crystals
Physical Science Chapter 9
heat
heat source
nuclear fission
nuclear fusion
A form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
A place from which heat energy comes.
A reaction that occurs when the nucleus of an atom splits. En…
A reaction that occurs when atoms are joined together and ene…
heat
A form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
heat source
A place from which heat energy comes.
Chapter 9 Forensic Science Bertino
controlled substance
drug
narcotic
poison
a drug or other chemical compound whose manufacture, distribu…
a chemical substance that affects the processes of the mind o…
an addictive dug, such as opium, that relieves pain, alters m…
a naturally occurring or manufactured substance that can caus…
controlled substance
a drug or other chemical compound whose manufacture, distribu…
drug
a chemical substance that affects the processes of the mind o…
Science Chapter 9
chemical formula
chemical reaction
boiling point
chemical property
a shorthand way to describe a compound
process in which one or more substances are changed into one…
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to…
the ability or tendency of a material to change its chemical…
chemical formula
a shorthand way to describe a compound
chemical reaction
process in which one or more substances are changed into one…
11 terms
Chapter 9 Science Vocabulary
matter
solid
liquid
gas
anything that has mass and takes up space
has definite shape and takes up a definite amount of space
takes up a definite amount of space and takes the shape of it…
does not have a definite shape and does not take up a definit…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
solid
has definite shape and takes up a definite amount of space
Chapter 9 Science Vocab
Spontaneous Generation
Traits
Gene
protein
The idea that living things come from nonliving things.
A characteristic of an organism.
the information about a trait that a parent passes to its off…
A chemical used by living things to build and repair body par…
Spontaneous Generation
The idea that living things come from nonliving things.
Traits
A characteristic of an organism.
18 terms
Enviromental Science chapter 9
arable
Biological pest control
Desertification
Droughts
Fertile land that can be plowed to grow crops
Using living organisms or naturally produced chemicals to con…
Soil fertility can deteriorate so much that the land becomes…
Periods when rainfall is less than average
arable
Fertile land that can be plowed to grow crops
Biological pest control
Using living organisms or naturally produced chemicals to con…
5 terms
Science Chapter 9: Weather
atmosphere
temperature
cirrus clouds
cumulus clouds
air around Earth
the measure of how hot or cold something is
highest in the sky, look like hair
puffy, look like cotton balls
atmosphere
air around Earth
temperature
the measure of how hot or cold something is
Science 9 Chapter 9 Vocabulary & Notes
Vocabulary
Static charge
Discharge
Electrostatics
...
An electric charge at rest (builds up from imbalance)
To remove all electric charge so it's neutral
Study of the static electric charge
Vocabulary
...
Static charge
An electric charge at rest (builds up from imbalance)
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