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Study sets matching "science chapter 9"

29 terms
Science 10 Chapter 9 Vocabulary
chemical reaction
chemical equation
reactants
products
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
a representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
things that react together (on the left side of the equation)
things that are produced (on the right side of the equation)
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
chemical equation
a representation of a chemical reaction that uses symbols to…
18 terms
environmental science chapter 9
Arable
Biological pest control
Desertification
Droughts
Land on which crops can be grown.
Using living organisms or naturally produced chemicals to con…
Deterioration of land to the point that it becomes desert.
Period when rainfall is less than average causing crop failure.
Arable
Land on which crops can be grown.
Biological pest control
Using living organisms or naturally produced chemicals to con…
15 terms
Science Chapter 9
The ___________ is Earth's outermost a…
Scientists learn about the mantle and…
The top part of the mantle and the cru…
An ___________ occurs when two plates…
Crust
studying materials that get pushed through cracks in the crust
lithosphere
earthquake
The ___________ is Earth's outermost a…
Crust
Scientists learn about the mantle and…
studying materials that get pushed through cracks in the crust
8 terms
Science Chapter 9
Geology
Relative Dating
Fossil
Paleontologist
The study of rocks and rock formations
A method of putting events in the order in which they happened.
The remains or traces of a dead animal or plant that has been…
A scientist who studies and identifies fossils.
Geology
The study of rocks and rock formations
Relative Dating
A method of putting events in the order in which they happened.
23 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9 (Trilogy)
wave
medium
mechanical wave
transverse wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
waves that can only travel through a medium
particles in the medium moves back and forth at right angles…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
31 terms
Science 5B Chapter 9
wavelength
compression
rarefaction
pitch
Distance between one point on a wave and the nearest point ju…
The part of a longitudinal wave where the particles of the me…
a part in a longitudinal wave where the particles are spread…
How high or low a sound is
wavelength
Distance between one point on a wave and the nearest point ju…
compression
The part of a longitudinal wave where the particles of the me…
19 terms
Science Chapter 9
The crust is Earth's _________________…
Layers of Earth
Scientists study material that pushed…
Granite, basalt, and pumice are all ex…
outermost, thinnest
learn about the mantle and the core
igneous
The crust is Earth's _________________…
outermost, thinnest
Layers of Earth
14 terms
Science Chapter 9 Vocabulary
acid
base
boiling point
chemical formula
a compound that typically releases hydrogen ions
a compound that typically receives hydrogen ions
the temperature at which enough energy is added to a liquid t…
a shorthand way to describe a compound
acid
a compound that typically releases hydrogen ions
base
a compound that typically receives hydrogen ions
28 terms
Science Chapter9
COMMON ELEMENTS
CORRSIN
ATOM
BUOYANCY
HYDROGN ,METAL , OXYGEN , AND SILICON.
WHEN A METAL IS LEFT OUTSIDE I COMBINES WITH NONMETALS [EXAMP…
THE SMALLEST UNIT OF AN ELEMENT THAT HAS THE PROPERTIES OF TH…
THE UP PUSH OF A LIQUID OR A GAS AN OBJECT PLACED IN IT.
COMMON ELEMENTS
HYDROGN ,METAL , OXYGEN , AND SILICON.
CORRSIN
WHEN A METAL IS LEFT OUTSIDE I COMBINES WITH NONMETALS [EXAMP…
13 terms
Science Chapter 9
Biome
Desert
Grassland
Temperate
a geophric area on the earth that contains its own ecosystem…
biomes that receive very little rain
areas where grasses are the dominate plant
regions of Earth between the tropic and polar circles
Biome
a geophric area on the earth that contains its own ecosystem…
Desert
biomes that receive very little rain
37 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
Oceanography
Salinity
Thermocline
Isothermal
an interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water. More s…
A layer of water in which there is a rapid change in TEMPERAT…
The high-latitude cure displays a pattern quite different fro…
Oceanography
an interdisciplinary science that draws on the methods and kn…
Salinity
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water. More s…
31 terms
Science Chapter 9
An _______________________ is an organ…
A consumer that eats other animals onl…
The green pigment found in the chlorop…
An organism that obtains energy by fee…
Autotroph
Carnivore.
Chlorophyll
Consumer
An _______________________ is an organ…
Autotroph
A consumer that eats other animals onl…
Carnivore.
23 terms
Science 4 chapter 9
canyon
landform
wear away
volcano
n.峡谷
n. 地形
磨损;消磨;流逝
n.火山
canyon
n.峡谷
landform
n. 地形
Chapter 9 science
photosynthesis
heterotroph
chlorophyll
producer
the process where plants and autotrophs capture and use light
An organism that cannot make its own food.
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
an organism that can make its own food
photosynthesis
the process where plants and autotrophs capture and use light
heterotroph
An organism that cannot make its own food.
Chapter 9 Science Vocabulary
adaptation
camouflage
habitat
hibernate
physical feature or a behavior that helps a living thing surv…
the physical appearance of an animal that helps it blend in w…
where an organism lives
to go into a deep sleep during which an animal uses very litt…
adaptation
physical feature or a behavior that helps a living thing surv…
camouflage
the physical appearance of an animal that helps it blend in w…
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Strong Force
Radioactivity
Alpha Particle
Transmutation
a powerful force of attraction that acts only on the neutrons…
the process by which an unstable nucleus gives off nuclear ra…
a type of nuclear radiation consisting of two protons and two…
process of changing one element to another through radioactiv…
Strong Force
a powerful force of attraction that acts only on the neutrons…
Radioactivity
the process by which an unstable nucleus gives off nuclear ra…
17 terms
Science Chapter 9
Weather
Atmosphere
Precipitation
when water condenses it forms these
the condition of the air at a certain time and place
a blanket of air that surrounds the earth that helps keep the…
water that falls from the sky to the ground-rain, snow, sleet…
clouds
Weather
the condition of the air at a certain time and place
Atmosphere
a blanket of air that surrounds the earth that helps keep the…
11 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 9
magnet
permanent magnet
temporary magnet
magnetic poles
An object that attracts certain metals, mainly iron
An object that keeps its magnetism for a long time
An object that loses its magnetism after a short time
The area on a magnet where the force of a magnet is greatest
magnet
An object that attracts certain metals, mainly iron
permanent magnet
An object that keeps its magnetism for a long time
8 terms
Science Chapter 9 Matter
matter
mass
property
state of matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
a measure of the amount of matter in an object
a characteristic of something
a form of matter, such as solid, liquid, or gas
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
mass
a measure of the amount of matter in an object
33 terms
Chapter 9 Forensic Science Bertino
controlled substance
drug
narcotic
poison
a drug or other chemical compound whose manufacture, distribu…
a chemical substance that affects the processes of the mind o…
an addictive dug, such as opium, that relieves pain, alters m…
a naturally occurring or manufactured substance that can caus…
controlled substance
a drug or other chemical compound whose manufacture, distribu…
drug
a chemical substance that affects the processes of the mind o…
14 terms
Science - Chapter 9
landform
weathering
erosion
deposition
a natural feature on the Earth's surface such as mountains, h…
rocks in the Earth's crust are slowly broken into smaller pie…
the movement of weathered pieces of rock by water, ice and wind
when pieces of rock and soil are laid down in a new place
landform
a natural feature on the Earth's surface such as mountains, h…
weathering
rocks in the Earth's crust are slowly broken into smaller pie…
19 terms
3 Science Chapter 9
weather
atmosphere
temperature
precipitation
the condition of the air at a certain time and place
a blanket of air that surrounds the earth
the measurement of how hot or cold something is
water that falls from the sky to the ground (rain, snow, slee…
weather
the condition of the air at a certain time and place
atmosphere
a blanket of air that surrounds the earth
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9: Surface Water
Runoff
Watershed
Tributaries
Divide
Water flowing downslope along Earth's surface
All of the land area whose water drains into a stream system
Rivers that flow into other streams
A high land area that separates one watershed from another
Runoff
Water flowing downslope along Earth's surface
Watershed
All of the land area whose water drains into a stream system
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9- Waves
wave
medium
mechanical waves
transverse wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
waves that can only travel through matter
particles in the medium move back and forth at right angles t…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
distance
displacement
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The length of a path between two points.
The length AND DIRECTION of a straight line between starting…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
15 terms
Science Chapter 9
fault
stress
earthquake
normal fault
a fracture or break in the Earth's lithosphere
force exerted when an object presses on, pulls on, or pushes…
a shaking of the ground caused by sudden movements of rock al…
rocks are pulled apart
fault
a fracture or break in the Earth's lithosphere
stress
force exerted when an object presses on, pulls on, or pushes…
12 terms
Science 4th Chapter 9
Mineral
Landform
Luster
Weathering
Natural, nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks.
Natural land feature on Earth's surface.
The way the surface of a mineral reflects light.
Process of rocks in Earth's crust slowly being broken into sm…
Mineral
Natural, nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks.
Landform
Natural land feature on Earth's surface.
23 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
heat
heat source
nuclear fission
nuclear fusion
A form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
A place from which heat energy comes.
A reaction that occurs when the nucleus of an atom splits. En…
A reaction that occurs when atoms are joined together and ene…
heat
A form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
heat source
A place from which heat energy comes.
Life Science Chapter 9
annual
cellulose
herbaceous perennials
woody perennials
plant life cycle is completed in one year
chemical compound that plants make out of sugar... example: cele…
appear to die each winter, but grow produce in the spring
produce flowers and fruits and stems survive for many years
annual
plant life cycle is completed in one year
cellulose
chemical compound that plants make out of sugar... example: cele…
24 terms
Holt Environmental Science Chapter 9
Demography
Developed Country
Developing Country
Age Structure
the study of human populations
higher average incomes, slower population growth diverse indu…
lower average income, simple and agriculture based economies…
the distribution of ages in a specific population at a certai…
Demography
the study of human populations
Developed Country
higher average incomes, slower population growth diverse indu…
10 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
motion
reference point
International System of Units
meter
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
The system of units (SI) used by scientists to measure the pr…
The basic SI unit of length.
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
13 terms
Chapter 9 (science)
energy
work
kinetic energy
kinetic energy (formula)
the ability to do work. (J)
when a force causes an object to move over a distance.
the engery of motion.
KE= 1/2 mv 2(squared)= #(J)
energy
the ability to do work. (J)
work
when a force causes an object to move over a distance.
22 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9: Plate Tectonics
Continental drift
Pangaea
Plate tectonics
Plate
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
the proposed supercontinent that 200 million years ago began…
the theory that proposes that Earth's outer shell consists of…
one of numerous rigid sections of the lithosphere that moves…
Continental drift
a hypothesis that originally proposed that the continents had…
Pangaea
the proposed supercontinent that 200 million years ago began…
53 terms
Science 9 Chapter 9 Vocabulary & Notes
Vocabulary
Static charge
Discharge
Electrostatics
...
An electric charge at rest (builds up from imbalance)
To remove all electric charge so it's neutral
Study of the static electric charge
Vocabulary
...
Static charge
An electric charge at rest (builds up from imbalance)
11 terms
Chapter 9 Science Vocabulary
matter
solid
liquid
gas
anything that has mass and takes up space
has definite shape and takes up a definite amount of space
takes up a definite amount of space and takes the shape of it…
does not have a definite shape and does not take up a definit…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
solid
has definite shape and takes up a definite amount of space
14 terms
Science Chapter 9
chemical formula
chemical reaction
boiling point
chemical property
a shorthand way to describe a compound
process in which one or more substances are changed into one…
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to…
the ability or tendency of a material to change its chemical…
chemical formula
a shorthand way to describe a compound
chemical reaction
process in which one or more substances are changed into one…
10 terms
Chapter 9 Science Vocab
Spontaneous Generation
Traits
Gene
protein
The idea that living things come from nonliving things.
A characteristic of an organism.
the information about a trait that a parent passes to its off…
A chemical used by living things to build and repair body par…
Spontaneous Generation
The idea that living things come from nonliving things.
Traits
A characteristic of an organism.
9 terms
Chapter 9 Science
producer (autotroph)
consumer (heterotroph)
herbivore
carnivore
an organism that can make its own food
an organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
consumers that eat only plants
consumers that eat only animals
producer (autotroph)
an organism that can make its own food
consumer (heterotroph)
an organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
19 terms
Science Chapter 9
Erosion
Delta
Weathering
Glacier
wearing away of land
Fan-shaped area of material where a river flows into the ocea…
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
mountain of snow and ice that moves slowly on a layer of wate…
Erosion
wearing away of land
Delta
Fan-shaped area of material where a river flows into the ocea…
96 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
erosion
mass movement
gravity
sediment
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Any one of several processes by which gravity moves sediment…
the force that moves rocks and other materials downhill; it c…
material consisting of rock or soil or remains of living thin…
erosion
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
mass movement
Any one of several processes by which gravity moves sediment…
96 terms
Earth Science Chapter 9
erosion
mass movement
gravity
sediment
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
Any one of several processes by which gravity moves sediment…
the force that moves rocks and other materials downhill; it c…
material consisting of rock or soil or remains of living thin…
erosion
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
mass movement
Any one of several processes by which gravity moves sediment…
57 terms
EARTH SCIENCE CHAPTER 9 (EROSION AND DEPOSITION)
erosion
sediment
deposition
gravity
THE DESTRUCTIVE PROCESS IN WHICH WATER, WIND, OR GRAVITY LOOS…
ERODED MATERIALS CARRIED BY WATER, WIND, OR ICE
THE PROCESS IN WHICH SEDIMENT SETTLES IN NEW LOCATIONS
An attractive force between any two objects that depends on t…
erosion
THE DESTRUCTIVE PROCESS IN WHICH WATER, WIND, OR GRAVITY LOOS…
sediment
ERODED MATERIALS CARRIED BY WATER, WIND, OR ICE
12 terms
Science Chapter 9 & 10
Natural Resources
Nonrenewable Resources
Renewable Resources
Evaporation
materials found on that can be used by people
natural resources that be replaced
natural resources that can be or renewed
the process in which water changes to water vapor
Natural Resources
materials found on that can be used by people
Nonrenewable Resources
natural resources that be replaced
12 terms
Science Chapter 9 Vocab
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose in which a mole…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose in which a mole…
13 terms
Science - Chapter 9
acoustics
decibel
echo
frequency
the science of sound
a unit for the measurement of the intensity of a sound
a sound wave that reflects back toward its source and is hear…
the number of waves that pass a point in one second
acoustics
the science of sound
decibel
a unit for the measurement of the intensity of a sound
6th Science Chapter 9
mineral
crystals
rock
sedimentary rock
a natural, nonliving solid with a definite chemical structure…
particles that make up a mineral
a solid, natural material made up of one or more minerals
formed from layers of sediment that have been cemented togeth…
mineral
a natural, nonliving solid with a definite chemical structure…
crystals
particles that make up a mineral
39 terms
Life Science Chapter 9
annual
cellulose
herbaceous perennials
woody perennials
plant life cycle is completed in one year
chemical compound that plants make out of sugar... example: cele…
appear to die each winter, but grow produce in the spring
produce flowers and fruits and stems survive for many years
annual
plant life cycle is completed in one year
cellulose
chemical compound that plants make out of sugar... example: cele…
45 terms
Science Chapter 9 comprehension
The two kinds of earth's crust are cal…
Continental crust makes up
Oceanic crust makes up
The lithosphere is
Continental and Oceanic
all the land of the continents
most of the ocean floor
the top part of the mantle and the crust above it.
The two kinds of earth's crust are cal…
Continental and Oceanic
Continental crust makes up
all the land of the continents
12 terms
Science Chapter 9 Vocabulary
lava
intrusive
extrusive
lithosphere
the magma that reaches the surface of the earth
a type of igneous rock that cools slowly and has large crystals
a type of igneous rock that cools quickly and has small cryst…
the crust and solid, upper portion of the mantle
lava
the magma that reaches the surface of the earth
intrusive
a type of igneous rock that cools slowly and has large crystals
37 terms
KIRK Physical Science Chapter 9
it is in motion
System International
time
velocity of the object
when an object's distance from another object is changing
basic unit of length
speed equals distance divided by
when you know both the speed and direction of an objects moti…
it is in motion
when an object's distance from another object is changing
System International
basic unit of length
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