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Study sets matching "science chemistry chapter 10"

28 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 10
Gas physical properties
Pressure
Newton (N)
Pascal (Pa)
- Expands spontaneously to fill container... - Form homogeneous…
Force per unit area... P = F/A
SI unit for force... 1 N = 1 kg-m/s^2
SI unit for pressure... 1 Pa = 1 N/m^2 = 1 kg/m-s^2
Gas physical properties
- Expands spontaneously to fill container... - Form homogeneous…
Pressure
Force per unit area... P = F/A
28 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 10
Gas physical properties
Pressure
Newton (N)
Pascal (Pa)
- Expands spontaneously to fill container... - Form homogeneous…
Force per unit area... P = F/A
SI unit for force... 1 N = 1 kg-m/s^2
SI unit for pressure... 1 Pa = 1 N/m^2 = 1 kg/m-s^2
Gas physical properties
- Expands spontaneously to fill container... - Form homogeneous…
Pressure
Force per unit area... P = F/A
24 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 10 Vocab
Vapor
Pressure
Pascal (Pa)
Standard atmospheric pressure
Gaseous state of any substance that normally exists as a liqu…
A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry,…
The SI unit of pressure: 1 Pa = 1 N/m/m.
Defines as 160 torr or, in SI units, 101.325 kPa.
Vapor
Gaseous state of any substance that normally exists as a liqu…
Pressure
A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry,…
22 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 10 - Chemistry
chemical symbol
nucleus
electron
proton
an abbreviated way to write the name of an element
the positively charged center of an atom that contains proton…
negatively charged particles that are in orbit around the nuc…
atomic particle with a positive charge that is part of an ato…
chemical symbol
an abbreviated way to write the name of an element
nucleus
the positively charged center of an atom that contains proton…
25 terms
CHEMISTRY: THE CENTRAL SCIENCE chapter 10
vapors
pressure
pascal... (Pa)
bar
(section 10.1)
P = F / A... (section 10.2)
(section 10.2)
(section 10.2)
vapors
(section 10.1)
pressure
P = F / A... (section 10.2)
24 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 10 Vocab
Vapor
Pressure
Pascal (Pa)
Standard atmospheric pressure
Gaseous state of any substance that normally exists as a liqu…
A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry,…
The SI unit of pressure: 1 Pa = 1 N/m/m.
Defines as 160 torr or, in SI units, 101.325 kPa.
Vapor
Gaseous state of any substance that normally exists as a liqu…
Pressure
A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry,…
28 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science Chapter 10
Gas physical properties
Pressure
Newton (N)
Pascal (Pa)
- Expands spontaneously to fill container... - Form homogeneous…
Force per unit area... P = F/A
SI unit for force... 1 N = 1 kg-m/s^2
SI unit for pressure... 1 Pa = 1 N/m^2 = 1 kg/m-s^2
Gas physical properties
- Expands spontaneously to fill container... - Form homogeneous…
Pressure
Force per unit area... P = F/A
21 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10 Terms
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Effusion
Diffusion of gases
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
24 terms
Chapter 10 Chemistry The Central Science
Pressure
pascals
bar
standard atmospheric pressure
the force applied to a unit area of surface
The SI unit of pressure
(meteorology) a unit of pressure equal to a million dynes per…
the atmospheric pressure measured at sea level - 760 mm of me…
Pressure
the force applied to a unit area of surface
pascals
The SI unit of pressure
Chemistry Chapter 10 The Mole
mole
Avogadro's number
molar mass
percent composition (% by mass)
the SI base unit used to measure the amount of a substance, a…
the number 6.0221367 X 10 23 which is the number of represent…
the mass in grams of one mole of any pure substance
the percent by mass of each element in a compound
mole
the SI base unit used to measure the amount of a substance, a…
Avogadro's number
the number 6.0221367 X 10 23 which is the number of represent…
10 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10/Physical Science Chapter 19
chemical reaction
equation
reactants
products
the process by which one or more substances are changed into…
represents a chemical reaction
starting substances in a chemical reaction... left side of an eq…
substances formed by a chemical reaction... right side of an equ…
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances are changed into…
equation
represents a chemical reaction
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10: Nuclear Chemistry
Radioactivity
Nuclear Radiation
Alpha Particle
Beta Particle
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
Charged particles and energy that are emitted from the nuclei…
A positively charged particle made up of two protons and two…
An electron emitted by an unstable nucleus
Radioactivity
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
Nuclear Radiation
Charged particles and energy that are emitted from the nuclei…
9 terms
Global science: Chapter 10 (Nuclear chemistry)
Radioactivity
Radioisotope
Nuclear particle
Half-life
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
An isotope with an unstable nucleus
A positively charged particle made up of two protons and two…
The time required for one half of sample of a radioisotope to…
Radioactivity
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
Radioisotope
An isotope with an unstable nucleus
18 terms
Chemistry Notes, Chapter 10
ionic bonds
Covalent bonds
octet
lewis symbols
complete transfer of e-
sharing of e-
8 valence e- (or 2 e-)
clockwise around the element (starting at 3 o'clock)
ionic bonds
complete transfer of e-
Covalent bonds
sharing of e-
13 terms
Chapter 10: Nuclear Chemistry
Radioactivity
Radioisotope
Nuclear radiation
Alpha particle
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
An isotope with an unstable nucleus.
Charged particles and electromagnetic waves that are emitted…
A positively charged particle, emitted by certain nuclei, mad…
Radioactivity
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
Radioisotope
An isotope with an unstable nucleus.
14 terms
CHEMISTRY: THE CENTRAL SCIENCE chapter 10
pressure
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Avogadro's hypothesis
P = F / A... (section 10.2)
V = constant × 1/P... PV = constant... (section 10.3)
V = constant × T... V / T = constant... (section 10.3)
idea that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and…
pressure
P = F / A... (section 10.2)
Boyle's Law
V = constant × 1/P... PV = constant... (section 10.3)
16 terms
Science Chapter 10 Carbon Chemistry
Isomers
Saturated hydrocarbon
Unsaturated hydrocarbon
Hydroxyl group
Compounds that have the same chemical formula but different s…
A hydrocarbon molecule in which all the bonds are single bonds
A hydrocarbon in which a carbon atom forms a double or triple…
An oxygen atom and a hydrogen atom joined by a covalent bond
Isomers
Compounds that have the same chemical formula but different s…
Saturated hydrocarbon
A hydrocarbon molecule in which all the bonds are single bonds
18 terms
Chemistry: The Central Science - Chapter 10 Vocabulary
vapors
pressure
pascals (Pa)
bar
liquids and solids in the gaseous state
the force per unit area
SI unit of pressure
10⁵ Pa
vapors
liquids and solids in the gaseous state
pressure
the force per unit area
9 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10
Avogadro's hypothesis
Avogadro's number
empirical formula
molar mass
equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure c…
the number of representative particles contained in one mole…
a formula with the lowest whole-number ratio of elements in c…
the mass of a mole of any substance
Avogadro's hypothesis
equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure c…
Avogadro's number
the number of representative particles contained in one mole…
13 terms
Chapter 10: Nuclear Chemistry
Radioactivity
Radioisotope
Nuclear radiation
Alpha particle
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
An isotope with an unstable nucleus.
Charged particles and electromagnetic waves that are emitted…
A positively charged particle, emitted by certain nuclei, mad…
Radioactivity
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
Radioisotope
An isotope with an unstable nucleus.
32 terms
Science 5B Chapter 10
crest
amplitude
trough
wavelength
highest point of a wave
the maximum displacement or height on a wave
lowest point of a wave
the horizontal distance between two corresponding parts of a…
crest
highest point of a wave
amplitude
the maximum displacement or height on a wave
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10: Nuclear Chemistry
Radioactivity
Radioisotope
Nuclear Radiation
Alpha Particle
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
Any atom containing an unstable nucleus
Charged particles and energy that are emitted from the nuclei…
A positively charged particle made up of two protons and two…
Radioactivity
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
Radioisotope
Any atom containing an unstable nucleus
49 terms
Science 10, Chapter 10
Air mass
Albedo
Angle of incidence
Atmospheres
A large body of air with similar temperature and humidity thr…
The amount of radiation reflected by a surface
The angle between a ray reaching a surface and a line perpend…
Layers of gases that extend above planets' surfaces
Air mass
A large body of air with similar temperature and humidity thr…
Albedo
The amount of radiation reflected by a surface
32 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
Acute Exposure
Allergens
Bioaccumulation
Biomagnification
High levels of exposure over a short period
substances that produce allergic reactions
the accumulation of a substance, such as a toxic chemical, in…
accumulation of pollutants at successive levels of the food c…
Acute Exposure
High levels of exposure over a short period
Allergens
substances that produce allergic reactions
16 terms
3 Science Chapter 10
orbit
sun
planet
astroids
the path around the sun
a ball of burning gas
a ball of rock or gas that orbits a star
small rocky objects in space that orbit the sun
orbit
the path around the sun
sun
a ball of burning gas
24 terms
Life Science Chapter 10
kingdom Plantae
botany
node
taproot system
multicellular eukaryotes that photosynthesize, contain cell w…
the scientific study of plants
The point of attachment of a leaf on a stem.
Root system made up of one large root and many small, thin ro…
kingdom Plantae
multicellular eukaryotes that photosynthesize, contain cell w…
botany
the scientific study of plants
8 terms
Science - Chapter 10 Vocabulary
solar energy
humus
solar cells
ore
The energy given off by the sun.
A dark brown part of soil that is made up of decomposed plant…
Electric cells that convert the Sun's energy into electricity.
A mineral-rich rock deposit that can be removed from Earth's…
solar energy
The energy given off by the sun.
humus
A dark brown part of soil that is made up of decomposed plant…
24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Condensation
Evaporation
Aquifer
Cavern
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
* Layer of rock or sediment that allows water to pass through…
* This is another word for cave
Condensation
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
Evaporation
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
12 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10 The Mole
molecule
mole
Avogadro's number
conversion factor
two or more atoms that covalently bond together to form a unit
the SI base unit for measuring the amount of a substance, def…
number of representative particles in a mole, 6.02 X 10^23
a ratio of equivalent measurements used to convert a quantity…
molecule
two or more atoms that covalently bond together to form a unit
mole
the SI base unit for measuring the amount of a substance, def…
68 terms
Science Chapter 10-Foundations of Chemistry
The chemical equation for the reaction…
Which physical property would be most…
A change in _______ is a sign that a c…
Occurs when thermal energy is added to…
3CO2 and 4H2O
boiling point
state
boiling
The chemical equation for the reaction…
3CO2 and 4H2O
Which physical property would be most…
boiling point
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10
Weather
Air pressure
Barometer
Humidity
State of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
Force of air against a unit of area
Instrument used to measure air pressure
Amount of water vapor in the air
Weather
State of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
Air pressure
Force of air against a unit of area
10 terms
Chapter 10 Science
matter
buoyancy
mass
solid
Anything that takes up space and has mass
The upward push of water or air on an object
The amount of matter that makes up an object
matter that has a definite shape and a definite mass
matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
buoyancy
The upward push of water or air on an object
30 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10 Shearer
Kinetic Molecular theory of matter
KE
Gases have:
Real gases behave like ideal behavior…
1. Gases consist of a large number of tiny articles far apart…
expressed in J
Expansion- 3,4... Fluidity- gases flow and move past each other…
1. At high pressure... 2. At low temp... The more polar the gas, th…
Kinetic Molecular theory of matter
1. Gases consist of a large number of tiny articles far apart…
KE
expressed in J
17 terms
Science Chapter 10
natural resource
2 ways farmers help maintain the soil
water
groundwater
a material in nature that God made for our use
1. controlling erosion... 2. replacing nutrients
basic need of most land animals and plants
source of most fresh water
natural resource
a material in nature that God made for our use
2 ways farmers help maintain the soil
1. controlling erosion... 2. replacing nutrients
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Diffusion
Effusion
Elastic Collision
Fluids
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
A process by which gas particles pass through a tiny opening
A collision in which the total momentum and the total kinetic…
Liquids and gases
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Effusion
A process by which gas particles pass through a tiny opening
Life Science Chapter 10
cuticle
vascular tissue
zygote
nonvascular plants
the waxy, waterproof layer that covers the leaves and stems o…
System of tubelike structures inside a plant through which wa…
a fertilized egg
Plants that lack a well-developed system of tubes for transpo…
cuticle
the waxy, waterproof layer that covers the leaves and stems o…
vascular tissue
System of tubelike structures inside a plant through which wa…
21 terms
Science 9 Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Current Electricity
Joule (J)
Battery
Load
- electric charges flowing in a circuit through a conductor i…
- the SI unit for measuring energy
- a combination of two or more electric cells
- any device that converts electrical energy into another for…
Current Electricity
- electric charges flowing in a circuit through a conductor i…
Joule (J)
- the SI unit for measuring energy
10 terms
Chapter 10 Science Definitions
Gravity
Weight
Scale
Mass
A pull that every object exerts on every other object and tha…
A measure of how much earth's gravity pulls down on a object
Measures the effects of gravity on an object by measuring wei…
The amount of matter in an object
Gravity
A pull that every object exerts on every other object and tha…
Weight
A measure of how much earth's gravity pulls down on a object
27 terms
Chapter 10 Chemistry
diffusion
effusion
Graham's law of effusion
permeability
(p. 34) spontaneous, uniform mixing caused by particle motion
(p. 244) a process in which gas particles pass through a tiny…
(p. 245) a law stating that the rate of effusion for a gas is…
(p. 245) a qualitative or quantitative measure of how easily…
diffusion
(p. 34) spontaneous, uniform mixing caused by particle motion
effusion
(p. 244) a process in which gas particles pass through a tiny…
23 terms
Science Chapter 10
Force
Newton (N)
Net Force
Unbalanced Forces
A force is a push or pull
The SI unit for the magnitude, or strength of a force
The combination,or cumulative effect,of all the forces
Unbalanced forces will cause the velocity to change
Force
A force is a push or pull
Newton (N)
The SI unit for the magnitude, or strength of a force
21 terms
Science Chapter 10
Motion
Force
Contact force
Gravity
The act of moving
A push or pull that makes something move
A force that must be touching the object it is trying to move
A force that pulls things toward the center of the earth
Motion
The act of moving
Force
A push or pull that makes something move
14 terms
Science Chapter 10
Mass
Matter
particles
mass
the amount of matter something contains (units: grams, kilogr…
everything that takes up space and has mass
All matter is made up of tiny ____________.
The more _______ an object has, the heavier it is.
Mass
the amount of matter something contains (units: grams, kilogr…
Matter
everything that takes up space and has mass
9 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10 Vocabulary
mole (mol)
Avogadro's number
representative particle
Avogadro's hypothesis
the amount of a substance that contains 6.02 × 1023 represent…
the number of representative particles contained in one mole…
the smallest unit into which a substance can be broken down w…
equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure c…
mole (mol)
the amount of a substance that contains 6.02 × 1023 represent…
Avogadro's number
the number of representative particles contained in one mole…
22 terms
MS Science Chapter 10
force
newton
net force
unbalanced forces
A push or pull exerted on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force needed to to accelera…
The overall force on an object when all the individual forces…
Forces that produce a nonzero net force which changes an obje…
force
A push or pull exerted on an object
newton
A unit of measure that equals the force needed to to accelera…
25 terms
Chapter 10 AP Chemistry
Vapors
Pressure
Pascals (Pa)
Bar
Gaseous state of any substance that normally exists as a liqu…
A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry,…
The SI unit of pressure: 1 Pa = 1 N/m2. (Section 10.2)
A unit of pressure equal to 10^5 Pa. (Section 10.2)
Vapors
Gaseous state of any substance that normally exists as a liqu…
Pressure
A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry,…
10 terms
Chapter 10 LIFE SCIENCE
adaption
species
evolution
fossil
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
(biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
Change over time
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock.
adaption
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
species
(biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
17 terms
Chapter 10- Nuclear Chemistry
Radioactivity
Radioisotope
Nuclear Radiation
Alpha Particle
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
an isotope with an unstable nucleus
Charged particles and electromagnetic waves that are emitted…
A positively charged particle, emitted by certain radioactive…
Radioactivity
The process in which an unstable atomic nucleus emits charged…
Radioisotope
an isotope with an unstable nucleus
11 terms
Chemistry Chapter 10
Vapors
Atmospheric Pressure
Ideal Gas Law
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Substances is a liquid or solid under ordinary conditions, bu…
F=ma, created by the force of gravity pushing down on earth
Describes observable behavior of gases... PV=nRT... R= 0.0821 L-atm…
Describes gases on a molecular level (microscopic)... Gases in c…
Vapors
Substances is a liquid or solid under ordinary conditions, bu…
Atmospheric Pressure
F=ma, created by the force of gravity pushing down on earth
28 terms
Chapter 10 Chemistry Terms
Energy
Law of Conservation Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Ability to do work.
The rule that states that energy cannot be created or destroy…
Energy that is stored and held in readiness.
The energy an object has because of its motion.
Energy
Ability to do work.
Law of Conservation Energy
The rule that states that energy cannot be created or destroy…
47 terms
Chemistry Notes, Chapter 10
ionic bonds
Covalent bonds
octet
lewis symbols
complete transfer of e-
sharing of e-
8 valence e- (or 2 e-)
clockwise around the element (starting at 3 o'clock)
ionic bonds
complete transfer of e-
Covalent bonds
sharing of e-
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