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Study sets matching "science chemistry"

15 terms
Science | Chemistry
particle
atom
ion
valence electrons
any one of the very small parts of matter (such as a molecule…
the smallest particle of a substance that can exist by itself…
an atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative ele…
an electron of an atom, located in the outermost shell (valen…
particle
any one of the very small parts of matter (such as a molecule…
atom
the smallest particle of a substance that can exist by itself…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
properties of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
properties of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
properties of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
properties of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
21 terms
Science chemistry
Elements in the same group of the peri…
Reaction of alkali metals with water
Carbon
Electrolysis
Have same number of electrons in the outer shell
Alkali metal+water =metal hydroxide+ hydrogen Li,Na, K all re…
Between aliminium and zinc
Negative attracts positive in a solution vice versa
Elements in the same group of the peri…
Have same number of electrons in the outer shell
Reaction of alkali metals with water
Alkali metal+water =metal hydroxide+ hydrogen Li,Na, K all re…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
properties of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
properties of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
States of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
States of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
Science Chemistry!!!
Atoms
Chemical Reactions
Matter
Physical Change
Particles too small too see, that make up all matter.
A change in which one or more new substances are produced; it…
A term used to include anything that has mass and occupies sp…
A change where the properties of a substance change, but the…
Atoms
Particles too small too see, that make up all matter.
Chemical Reactions
A change in which one or more new substances are produced; it…
14 terms
The science of chemistry
chemical
three phases of matter
volume of a solid
particles of a solid are ____
any substance with a definite composition
solid, liquid, gas
fixed
fixed in a rigid structure (slight vibrations)
chemical
any substance with a definite composition
three phases of matter
solid, liquid, gas
9 terms
SCIENCE: Introduction to Chemistry
Chemistry
Matter
Elements
Compounds
the study of matter and how it changes
anything that has mass and takes up space; they are materials
the simplest materials and made from just one kind of atom an…
single unique materials formed from two or more elements and…
Chemistry
the study of matter and how it changes
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space; they are materials
16 terms
Science chemistry
neutrons
atoms
electrons
mass
a subatomic particle of about the same mass as a proton but w…
the basic unit of a chemical element.... • atoms as a source of…
a stable subatomic particle with a charge of negative electri…
Mass is not the same thing as weight. Weight has meaning only…
neutrons
a subatomic particle of about the same mass as a proton but w…
atoms
the basic unit of a chemical element.... • atoms as a source of…
55 terms
Science Chemistry
Atom
Chemistry
Proton
Neutron
Smallest unit of matter
The study of matter
Positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
A small particle in the nucleus of the atom, with no electric…
Atom
Smallest unit of matter
Chemistry
The study of matter
23 terms
Science Bowl Chemistry Vocab
Electronegativity
Titration
1st Law of Thermodynamics
Ideal Gas Law
Ranges from 0.7-4.0. Generally increases to the right and up…
Technique that uses a known conc of a base to determine an un…
States that heat is a form of energy, thermodynamic processes…
first stated by Émile Clapeyron in 1834 as a combination of B…
Electronegativity
Ranges from 0.7-4.0. Generally increases to the right and up…
Titration
Technique that uses a known conc of a base to determine an un…
8 terms
Science - chemistry
Matter
Solids
Liquids
Gases
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
The molecules are in a fixed position-they can't move out of…
The molecules have enough energy to slid and roll over each o…
The molecules have enough energy to separate completely from…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Solids
The molecules are in a fixed position-they can't move out of…
35 terms
Science 24 - Chemistry
Chemical name
Chemical formula
Common name
Simple composition
Standard scientific name by which each compound and element i…
Standardized symbols which represent the number of atoms of e…
The name by which a common chemical is referred to in society…
A chemical reaction in which 2 or more elements combine to fo…
Chemical name
Standard scientific name by which each compound and element i…
Chemical formula
Standardized symbols which represent the number of atoms of e…
50 terms
Chemistry (Science)
physical change
chemical change
reactant
product
any change that alters the form or appearance of a substance…
a change in matter that produces one or more new substances
substances that are on the left side of the arrow that underg…
new substances that are formed in a chemical reaction (found…
physical change
any change that alters the form or appearance of a substance…
chemical change
a change in matter that produces one or more new substances
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
States of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
States of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
7 terms
Physical Science: Carbon Chemistry
polymers
monomers
fossil fuels
combustion
Molecules that are chains of repeating units; proteins and DN…
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient rema…
A rapid reaction between oxygen and fuel that results in fire
polymers
Molecules that are chains of repeating units; proteins and DN…
monomers
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
21 terms
chemistry - science
explain the law of conservation
reactants
products
describe the properties of acids
the total mass of the reactants will always equal the total m…
the elements reacting
the elements produced after reacting
can donate a hydrogen ion to a base... - ph level less than 7... -…
explain the law of conservation
the total mass of the reactants will always equal the total m…
reactants
the elements reacting
33 terms
SCIENCE CHEMISTRY
Acid
Alkali
Alkane
Alkene
A substance that can attack metal clothing or the skin. Has a…
It's solution has a pH of more than 7
A saturated hydrocarbon that has no double bonds between the…
Unsaturated hydrocarbon which contains a double carbon-carbon…
Acid
A substance that can attack metal clothing or the skin. Has a…
Alkali
It's solution has a pH of more than 7
12 terms
science CHEMISTRY
mixture
solute
solvent
solution
is composed of 2 or more substances mixed together but are no…
substance that is disolved
the substance in which the solvent is disolved
solvent and the solute mixed together
mixture
is composed of 2 or more substances mixed together but are no…
solute
substance that is disolved
25 terms
science (chemistry)
nontonain fluids
viscosity
non-newtonian fluid
matter
have a constant viscosity
is the thickness of a fluid
a change of their viscosity depending on pressure.
is anything that has mass and takes up space
nontonain fluids
have a constant viscosity
viscosity
is the thickness of a fluid
93 terms
science chemistry
hardness
malleability
ductility
brittle
measure of resistance of a solid being scratched or dented
it can be hammered or bent into different shapes
it can drawn out into wires, long strands without breaking
easy to break
hardness
measure of resistance of a solid being scratched or dented
malleability
it can be hammered or bent into different shapes
92 terms
science - chemistry
Lab Safety Common Sense (4)
Safety hazard symbols : Caution
Safety hazard symbols: Warning
Safety hazard symbols: Danger
-read instructions first... -listen to instructions... -wear safety…
yellow triangle
orange diamond
red octagon
Lab Safety Common Sense (4)
-read instructions first... -listen to instructions... -wear safety…
Safety hazard symbols : Caution
yellow triangle
82 terms
General Science Praxis -- Chemistry
Chemical periodicity
Periods in the periodic table
Ionization energy
How do the chemical characteristics of…
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
The amount of energy required to remove an electron from an a…
The physical and chemical properties of the elements in that…
Chemical periodicity
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods in the periodic table
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
15 terms
Chemistry science
Chemistry
Physical science
Matter
Atoms
The study of the properties of matter and how matter changes.
A branch of natural sciences involving matter or energy
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The building blocks of matter
Chemistry
The study of the properties of matter and how matter changes.
Physical science
A branch of natural sciences involving matter or energy
74 terms
Science: Chemistry
crystals
lattice
crystals
crystals
Materials laid out in a repeating atomic pattern called a lat…
Regular spatial pattern of atoms that define a crystal
Ionic solids tend to form this sort of material (though there…
Diffraction of x-rays can be used to determine their structur…
crystals
Materials laid out in a repeating atomic pattern called a lat…
lattice
Regular spatial pattern of atoms that define a crystal
10 terms
Science(Chemistry)
combustion
cellular respiration
rapid combustion
spontaneous combustion
the process by which the substance reacts with oxygen to give…
the process by which the body obtains energy by breaking down…
when combustion takes place rapidly. When we burn matchstick…
when substances like phosphorous burn on their own in the air
combustion
the process by which the substance reacts with oxygen to give…
cellular respiration
the process by which the body obtains energy by breaking down…
20 terms
Science-Chemistry review
atomic theory
atom
molecule
compound
the idea that every thing is made up of small particles.
the smallest part of an element that still has the properties…
the smallest particle of a compound that still has the proper…
a type of matter made of two or more elements
atomic theory
the idea that every thing is made up of small particles.
atom
the smallest part of an element that still has the properties…
208 terms
Science -- Chemistry
What is the organized study of the com…
name the alkali metals
Who proposed the atomic theory of matt…
What is the foundation for the underst…
chemistry
...
John Dalton
Atomic Theory of Matter
What is the organized study of the com…
chemistry
name the alkali metals
...
22 terms
Science: Chemistry
Compound
Mixture
Homogenous
Heterogenous
What is Chemically Combined
What is Physically Combined
Soluable AKA Solution is . . .
Insouluable is . . .
Compound
What is Chemically Combined
Mixture
What is Physically Combined
19 terms
SCIENCE chemistry
compressed gas
flammable
oxidising material
poisonous
compressed gas
flammable
44 terms
The Science Of Chemistry
Chemical
Chemical Reaction
States of Matter
Macroscopic
Is any substance that has a definite composition.
Is the process by which one or more substances change to prod…
Are the physical forms of matter which are solid, liquid, gas…
Refers to what you can see with the unaided eye.
Chemical
Is any substance that has a definite composition.
Chemical Reaction
Is the process by which one or more substances change to prod…
21 terms
CHEMISTRY - SCIENCE
element
compound
molecule
mixture
A substance composed of only one type of atom
Are formed when different elements chemically combine.
a group of atoms bonded together in a set size
different elements and compounds bonded thrown together
element
A substance composed of only one type of atom
compound
Are formed when different elements chemically combine.
61 terms
Science Chemistry
Democritus
Aristotle
Galileo
James Dalton
Greek philosopher who was one the first to postulate matter.…
Greek philosopher who was highly regarded for his ideas of ma…
"father of modern science" First to conduct proper scientific…
Law of constant proportions. Realized elements combine in con…
Democritus
Greek philosopher who was one the first to postulate matter.…
Aristotle
Greek philosopher who was highly regarded for his ideas of ma…
19 terms
SCIENCE - CHEMISTRY
What is an ore?
Equation to find percentage yield
When the copper in the Mandeville ore…
Examples of non-Newtonian substances
A naturally occurring solid material from which a metal or va…
% yield = mass of product/initial mass x 100
o The copper was a mixture when it was in the ore ... o It was…
Oobleck, Custard, Slime, Ketchup, Whipped cream, Shaving foam
What is an ore?
A naturally occurring solid material from which a metal or va…
Equation to find percentage yield
% yield = mass of product/initial mass x 100
46 terms
Science: Chemistry
Chemistry
3 states of matter
Pressure, temperature
Solids
The study of matter, especially atoms and elements- and their…
Solid, liquid, gas, (and plasma)
State of matter depends on what?
Packed together, find shape and volume, can't be squished, ca…
Chemistry
The study of matter, especially atoms and elements- and their…
3 states of matter
Solid, liquid, gas, (and plasma)
109 terms
Science chemistry
What is an element?
What is a compound
Mass of electron?
How do you work out the relative formu…
It is a substance containing only one type of atom.
It is a substances reacted together and containing 2 more typ…
1/2000
Ar = (Rr x ra) + (Rr x ra) / ra + ra
What is an element?
It is a substance containing only one type of atom.
What is a compound
It is a substances reacted together and containing 2 more typ…
29 terms
Intro to Science & Chemistry of Life
Scientific Method
Geology
Oceanography
Amount of the Earth covered in water
The series of steps taken to solve problems and work out expe…
The study of materials that make up the Earth
The study of the Earth's oceans
75%
Scientific Method
The series of steps taken to solve problems and work out expe…
Geology
The study of materials that make up the Earth
63 terms
Chapter 1: Chemistry: The Central Science
The study of materials and the changes…
Anything that has mass and volume:
Any characteristic that allows you to…
The most basic substances found on the…
chemistry
matter
Property
elements
The study of materials and the changes…
chemistry
Anything that has mass and volume:
matter
26 terms
Physical Science/Chemistry
Properties
Chemical properties
Intrinsic
Density
Essential attributes shared by all members of a group.... (Physi…
Any of a material's properties, such as color, pH, or ability…
A property of something or action which is essential and spec…
Mass per unit volume.
Properties
Essential attributes shared by all members of a group.... (Physi…
Chemical properties
Any of a material's properties, such as color, pH, or ability…
16 terms
Science Chemistry
Water
Carbon Dioxide
Sulphuric acid
Hydrochloric acid
H2O
CO2
H2SO4
HCl
Water
H2O
Carbon Dioxide
CO2
21 terms
The Chemistry of Food - Food Science
Element
Compounds
Mixtures
Homogeneous Mixture
A substance that contains only one kind of atom
Substances in which two or more elements have chemically comb…
Substances that are put together but not chemically combined
A mixture in which there is uniform distribution of particles
Element
A substance that contains only one kind of atom
Compounds
Substances in which two or more elements have chemically comb…
20 terms
Science: Chemistry - C4
The smallest component of an element h…
Element A pure substance made of only…
A subatomic particle that has a positi…
A subatomic particle that has no charg…
Atom
element
Proton
Neutron
The smallest component of an element h…
Atom
Element A pure substance made of only…
element
30 terms
Science STAAR Review: Chemistry
proton
neutron
electron
valence electrons
• Positive Charge (+)... • In the nucleus... • Has mass of 1 amu... •…
• Neutral charge (0)... • In the nucleus... • Has mass of 1 amu... • M…
• Negative charge (-)... • Found in the energy levels or 'cloud'…
• Electrons on the outer most energy level... • Used in bonding…
proton
• Positive Charge (+)... • In the nucleus... • Has mass of 1 amu... •…
neutron
• Neutral charge (0)... • In the nucleus... • Has mass of 1 amu... • M…
82 terms
General Science Praxis -- Chemistry
Chemical periodicity
Periods in the periodic table
Ionization energy
How do the chemical characteristics of…
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
The amount of energy required to remove an electron from an a…
The physical and chemical properties of the elements in that…
Chemical periodicity
A pattern of repeating order of the chemical properties of el…
Periods in the periodic table
Periods: Rows which run horizontally.... Labeled with a number:…
Science Chemistry
Atom
Element
Proton
Neutron
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and is locate…
A subatomic particle that has no charge and is located in the…
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
Element
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
28 terms
Science - Chemistry
Electronegativity charges
Non polar
Polar
Fractionation
0-1: covalent- nonpolar... 1-1.67: covalent - polar... 1.67+: ionic
Two similar atoms with even charge distribution (symmetrical)
Atoms with uneven charge distribution (unsymmetrical)
Separating a whole into parts
Electronegativity charges
0-1: covalent- nonpolar... 1-1.67: covalent - polar... 1.67+: ionic
Non polar
Two similar atoms with even charge distribution (symmetrical)
chemistry science
element
compound
heaviest part of a atom
.
substance that can't be broken down into a simpler substance
composed of two of more elements chemically joined in a fixed…
the nucleus - 99.9% of its mass
a=mass number=number o protons and neutrons in necleus... z=atom…
element
substance that can't be broken down into a simpler substance
compound
composed of two of more elements chemically joined in a fixed…
12 terms
Science Chemistry
matter
volume
chemistry
energy
anything that has weight and takes up space
the amount of space matter takes up
the study of matter
the ability to make things move
matter
anything that has weight and takes up space
volume
the amount of space matter takes up
18 terms
science chemistry
17
17
18
18
Number of protons in Cl/chlorine
Number of electrons in Cl/chlorine
Neutrons in Cl/ Chlorine
Number of protons in Ar/Argon
17
Number of protons in Cl/chlorine
17
Number of electrons in Cl/chlorine
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