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Study sets matching "science dynamic earth"

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Study sets matching "science dynamic earth"

30 terms
Earth Science dynamic earth
The ring of fir surrounds this ocean
What formed the Hawaiian islands?
Type of boundary where an oceanic plat…
What happens in the ocean of the of a…
pacific ocean
a hot spot
Subduction
deep sea trench
The ring of fir surrounds this ocean
pacific ocean
What formed the Hawaiian islands?
a hot spot
16 terms
Dolen: Science: Dynamic Earth Vocabulary
conduction
radiation
convection
crust
heat moves between things that are touching
heat moves through space or air (ex: sun)
heat moves through heated fluid (ex: water)
we live on this layer
conduction
heat moves between things that are touching
radiation
heat moves through space or air (ex: sun)
14 terms
Earth Science: Dynamic Earth
inner/outer core, mantle, crust
provide evidence of plate tectonics
2 plates will collide, oceanic plate w…
older oceanic plate will subduct, as i…
4 main layers of the earth
Alfred Wegener
Oceanic-Continental Convergent Zone
Oceanic-Oceanic Convergent Zone
inner/outer core, mantle, crust
4 main layers of the earth
provide evidence of plate tectonics
Alfred Wegener
56 terms
Dynamic Earth -Science 7
Uniformitarianism
Catastrophism
Paleontology
Deposition
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
A principle that states that geologic change occurs suddenly
Scientific study of fossils
Process in which sediment is collected in new locations.
Uniformitarianism
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
Catastrophism
A principle that states that geologic change occurs suddenly
64 terms
Earth Science - Dynamic Earth
Mineral
Tests for a mineral
(Minerals on) Moh's hardness scale
Formation process of igneous rock
- Naturally occurring... - Inorganic solid... - Has a regular atomi…
- Hardness... - Density... - Colour... - Lustre... - Streak... - Acid test... -…
1 - Talc... 2 - Gypsum... 3 - Calcite... 4 - Fluorite... 5 - Apatite... 6 -…
Cooling of lava or magma
Mineral
- Naturally occurring... - Inorganic solid... - Has a regular atomi…
Tests for a mineral
- Hardness... - Density... - Colour... - Lustre... - Streak... - Acid test... -…
123 terms
Dynamic Earth Science Exammm :(((
tension
pulled apart
pushed in two opposite horizontal dire…
bend in a rock
What type of stress is this?
When tension acts on rocks, the rocks are...
When shearing acts on rocks, the rocks are...
What is a fold?
tension
What type of stress is this?
pulled apart
When tension acts on rocks, the rocks are...
31 terms
The Dynamic Crust - Earth Science
Earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Falt
vibrating, shaking or rapid motion of earth's crust
Place underground where the break occurs
location at Earths's surface just above the focus
stress built along a zone of weakness or break in the rock
Earthquake
vibrating, shaking or rapid motion of earth's crust
Focus
Place underground where the break occurs
10 terms
Science: Dynamic Earth
Convection Currents
Why do tectonic plates move?
What is plate divergence?
What is plate convergence?
Convection currents in the mantle keep the magma moving — the…
Tectonic plates move because they are sitting on top of conve…
Plates diverging is when two plates are going in opposite dir…
Plate convergence is when two plates are travelling toward ea…
Convection Currents
Convection currents in the mantle keep the magma moving — the…
Why do tectonic plates move?
Tectonic plates move because they are sitting on top of conve…
19 terms
The Dynamic Earth Environmental Science
biosphere
Hydrosphere
Geosphere
Three layers of the earth
The part of Earth where life exists
makes up all the water on or near the Earth's sister
the mostly solid rocky part of the Earth
-crust... -mantle... -core
biosphere
The part of Earth where life exists
Hydrosphere
makes up all the water on or near the Earth's sister
27 terms
Earth Science: The Dynamic Earth
Lithosphere
Crust
Benchmarks
Displaced rock strata
The whole crust and uppermost portion of Earth's mantle (laye…
The outermost portion of Earth's solid lithosphere; separated…
Permanent metal plaques set in the ground giving the exact lo…
Sedimentary rock layers form at or below sea level. Finding t…
Lithosphere
The whole crust and uppermost portion of Earth's mantle (laye…
Crust
The outermost portion of Earth's solid lithosphere; separated…
30 terms
Science: Dynamic Earth
Mantle
Core
Crust/Lithosphere
Fault
It is the middle section of the Earth and is the thickest lay…
The core is the centre of the Earth. It is roughly 32% of the…
It is the outer layer and it is roughly 5-70 km thick.
A fault it a fracture in rock where movement has occurred.
Mantle
It is the middle section of the Earth and is the thickest lay…
Core
The core is the centre of the Earth. It is roughly 32% of the…
29 terms
Earth Science - Ch. 5 - Our Dynamic Earth
landform
atmosphere
crust
mantle
a physical feature on Earth's surface
the gases that surround Earth
the rocky, outermost layer of Earth's surface
the layer of earth below the crust
landform
a physical feature on Earth's surface
atmosphere
the gases that surround Earth
27 terms
Dynamic Earth science
volcano
Shield volcano
Cinder cone volcano
Strato/ composite volcano
a weak spot in the Earth's crust where magma comes to the sur…
broad base and gentle slopes
narrow base and steep slopes
steeper than shield volcanoes, less steep than cinder cones
volcano
a weak spot in the Earth's crust where magma comes to the sur…
Shield volcano
broad base and gentle slopes
96 terms
Dynamic Earth Science Exammm :(((
tension
pulled apart
pushed in two opposite horizontal dire…
bend in a rock
What type of stress is this?
When tension acts on rocks, the rocks are...
When shearing acts on rocks, the rocks are...
What is a fold?
tension
What type of stress is this?
pulled apart
When tension acts on rocks, the rocks are...
20 terms
Science - Dynamic Earth
Crust
Mantle
Core
Normal Fault
Earth's rocky solid surface
Earth's thickest layer made of hot rock and is less dense tha…
The innermost part of the Earth, made of a liquid outer core…
A type of fault where the hanging wall slides downward; cause…
Crust
Earth's rocky solid surface
Mantle
Earth's thickest layer made of hot rock and is less dense tha…
56 terms
Dynamic Earth -Science 7
Uniformitarianism
Catastrophism
Paleontology
Deposition
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
A principle that states that geologic change occurs suddenly
Scientific study of fossils
Process in which sediment is collected in new locations.
Uniformitarianism
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
Catastrophism
A principle that states that geologic change occurs suddenly
14 terms
Science Vocab- Dynamic Earth
contour interval
contour line
index contour
asthenosphere
On a topographic map, tells the distance in elevation between…
A line on a topographic map that connects points of equal ele…
On a topographic map, a heavier contour line that is labeled…
The soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats.…
contour interval
On a topographic map, tells the distance in elevation between…
contour line
A line on a topographic map that connects points of equal ele…
14 terms
Science- The Dynamic Earth
erosion
Deposition
Gravity
High gradients/slopes
the process by which sediment and other materials are moved f…
the laying down of eroded materials
Causes Water to move downward
cause water to move faster and cause more erosion
erosion
the process by which sediment and other materials are moved f…
Deposition
the laying down of eroded materials
33 terms
Science- Dynamic Earth Vocabulary
Landform
Relief map
Topographical map
Atmosphere
a physical feature on Earth's surface
shows the elevation of an area using colors or shading
shows the elevation of an area of Earth's surface using conto…
the layers of gases that surround Earth
Landform
a physical feature on Earth's surface
Relief map
shows the elevation of an area using colors or shading
11 terms
Earth Science - The Dynamic Crust
Focus
Fault
Earthquake
Seismic waves
Place underground where the break occurs
A break in the rock
Vibrating , shaking motion of Earth's crust
Energy released by the earth in the form of vibrations
Focus
Place underground where the break occurs
Fault
A break in the rock
10 terms
Science: Dynamic Earth
Stress
Epicenter
Strain
Subduction
Forces per unit area that act on a material compression-, ten…
point on Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earth…
deformation of materials in response to stress.
Process by which one tectonic plates slips beneath another te…
Stress
Forces per unit area that act on a material compression-, ten…
Epicenter
point on Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earth…
30 terms
6th science Unit 7 The Dynamic Earth
earthquake
fault
focus
epicenter
a movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sud…
a break in a body of rock along which one block moves relativ…
the location within Earth along a fault at which the first mo…
the point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's s…
earthquake
a movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sud…
fault
a break in a body of rock along which one block moves relativ…
43 terms
Dynamic Earth Test - Earth Science
What are the 4 main layers of the Earth?
What 3 layers make up the mantle?
What layers make up a tectonic plate?
What layer does a tectonic plate float…
crust, mantle, outer core, inner core.
Asthenosphere, upper mantle, lower mantle.
lithosphere, oceanic and/or continental crust.
Asthenosphere
What are the 4 main layers of the Earth?
crust, mantle, outer core, inner core.
What 3 layers make up the mantle?
Asthenosphere, upper mantle, lower mantle.
13 terms
Science Midterm-Dynamic Earth
What is the breakdown of a radioactive…
The _____________ is the time needed f…
What is the method used to determine t…
What happens to an isotope during radi…
radioactive decay
half life
radiometric dating
-the number of protons change and it turns into a new element…
What is the breakdown of a radioactive…
radioactive decay
The _____________ is the time needed f…
half life
18 terms
Science Dynamic Earth Vocabulary
Plate Tectonics
Plates
Pangaea
Subduction
Explains how the earth has evolved over time, including the f…
Sections of earth's crust that are constantly (but slowly) mo…
Single landmass that broke apart 200 million years ago
Process where the earth's crust plunges back into the mantle
Plate Tectonics
Explains how the earth has evolved over time, including the f…
Plates
Sections of earth's crust that are constantly (but slowly) mo…
30 terms
Science Finals-Dynamic Earth
Geosphere
Hydrosphere
Cryosphere
atmosphere
solid, rocky parts of Earth made of 3 layers: crust, mantle,…
all liquid water, includes, rain, groundwater, etc
all solid water, snow, glaciers, etc
invisible gasses that surround Earth
Geosphere
solid, rocky parts of Earth made of 3 layers: crust, mantle,…
Hydrosphere
all liquid water, includes, rain, groundwater, etc
49 terms
EARTH SCIENCE - Dynamic Crust
Asthenosphere
Basaltic
Compression Waves
Continental Crust
Part of the Earth's interior below the lithosphere that becom…
Igneous rock composed mostly of dark colored, dense minerals…
P-Waves
Rocks within the continents, usually a thin layer of sediment…
Asthenosphere
Part of the Earth's interior below the lithosphere that becom…
Basaltic
Igneous rock composed mostly of dark colored, dense minerals…
15 terms
Science Vocab-Dynamic Earth
dimensional analysis
outer core
upper mantle
topographic map
the process of converting one unit to another
the only Earth layer that is thought to be liquid
an Earth layer that contains both solid and semi-molten layers
a map that uses contour lines to show the shape of the land i…
dimensional analysis
the process of converting one unit to another
outer core
the only Earth layer that is thought to be liquid
15 terms
Science Dynamic Earth Vocabulary
Dimensional Analysis
Outer Core
Upper Mantle
Topographic Map
The process of converting one unit to another.
The only Earth layer that is thought to be liquid.
An Earth layer that contains both solid and semi-molten layers.
A map that uses contour lines to show the shape of the land i…
Dimensional Analysis
The process of converting one unit to another.
Outer Core
The only Earth layer that is thought to be liquid.
30 terms
Earth Science Unit 3: Dynamic Earth Vocabulary
earthquake
focus
epicenter
seismometer
Natural vibrations, sometimes destructive, that radiate from…
An Earthquake's point of origin within the Earth.
A location along the Earth's surface that is directly above t…
An instrument that detects vibrations of the ground
earthquake
Natural vibrations, sometimes destructive, that radiate from…
focus
An Earthquake's point of origin within the Earth.
Earth Science The dynamic Ocean
factors that affect surface circulation
The Gulf Stream
ocean currents affect on climate
Upwelling
Large scale Winds, The coriolis effect, the shape of the cont…
An exceptionally well defined current that runs off the east…
• Warm water currents moderate temperature in places like Eng…
Occurs on the western shore of continents particularly Africa…
factors that affect surface circulation
Large scale Winds, The coriolis effect, the shape of the cont…
The Gulf Stream
An exceptionally well defined current that runs off the east…
24 terms
Dynamic Earth Science Exam
From one step up the Richter scale to…
The name of the instrument used to mea…
When seismic waves travel through the…
P wave motion
31
seismograph
speed up
Expansion and compression
From one step up the Richter scale to…
31
The name of the instrument used to mea…
seismograph
23 terms
Dynamic Earth
Continental Drift
Sea Floor Spreading
Plate Tectonics
Crust
Idea that the continents were once connected and have moved f…
The principle that the oceanic lithosphere spreads outward at…
Earth's lithosphere is divided into sections that can move on…
The outermost portion of Earth's solid lithosphere
Continental Drift
Idea that the continents were once connected and have moved f…
Sea Floor Spreading
The principle that the oceanic lithosphere spreads outward at…
29 terms
Grade 10: Earth Science: Dynamic Crust
asthenosphere
continental drift
convergent
convection current
"Weak sphere" soft layer of the mantle; pieces of the lithosp…
Hypothesis made by Alfred Wegener saying that the earth's con…
coming closer together
Circular currents in the earth's mantle caused by the magma b…
asthenosphere
"Weak sphere" soft layer of the mantle; pieces of the lithosp…
continental drift
Hypothesis made by Alfred Wegener saying that the earth's con…
48 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 3 Dynamic Earth
Earth
geosphere
atmosphere
hydrosphere
consists of 4 systems
rock
air
water
Earth
consists of 4 systems
geosphere
rock
18 terms
Science Dynamic Earth Vocabulary
Plate Tectonics
Plates
Pangea
Subduction
Explains how the earth has evolved over time, including the f…
Sections of earth's crust that are constantly (but slowly) mo…
Single landmass that broke apart 200 million years ago
Process where the earth's crust plunges back into the mantle
Plate Tectonics
Explains how the earth has evolved over time, including the f…
Plates
Sections of earth's crust that are constantly (but slowly) mo…
14 terms
Earth Science Dynamic Crust
continental crust
asthenosphere
convergent plate
crust
part of the earths crust that consists and major islands
the lower layer of the crust
2 tectonic plates moving toward each other
the upper most portion of the lithosphere
continental crust
part of the earths crust that consists and major islands
asthenosphere
the lower layer of the crust
18 terms
Science Dynamic Earth Vocabulary
Igneous Rocks
Sedimentary Rocks
Metamorphic Rocks
Weathering
rocks that form from the cool of molten rock at or below the…
rocks that form when particles from other rocks are pressed t…
rocks that form from an existing rock that is changed by heat…
the processes (wind or rain) that break down rock
Igneous Rocks
rocks that form from the cool of molten rock at or below the…
Sedimentary Rocks
rocks that form when particles from other rocks are pressed t…
21 terms
Environmental science: the dynamic earth
Mantle
Ozone
Fault
Salinity
Layer of Earth between the crust and the core
A molecule made up of 3 oxygen atoms
Break in Earth's crust
The total quantity of dissolved salts in the ocean
Mantle
Layer of Earth between the crust and the core
Ozone
A molecule made up of 3 oxygen atoms
13 terms
Science Dynamic Earth
Tectonic plate
Alfred Weganers hypothesized that
Continental drift
Pagaea
A large piece of land made up of the crust and upper mantle (…
Earths continents had once been joined together as a single,…
The continents move slowly across the Earths surface.
An ancient landmass that is composed of all 7 of today's cont…
Tectonic plate
A large piece of land made up of the crust and upper mantle (…
Alfred Weganers hypothesized that
Earths continents had once been joined together as a single,…
10 terms
Science - Earth Dynamics
Isostasy
Subsidence
Uplift
Stress
equilibrium between the crust and mantle
downward motion of the crust
Upward motion of the crust
a force
Isostasy
equilibrium between the crust and mantle
Subsidence
downward motion of the crust
Earth Science ( Dynamic Crust)
continental crust
oceanic crust
tectonic plate
divergent plate boundary
makes up continents and is lower in density. mostly made of g…
below the ocean and thinner and higher in density.
A block of lithosphere that consists of the crust and the rig…
where two plates are moving apart, magma comes up to create n…
continental crust
makes up continents and is lower in density. mostly made of g…
oceanic crust
below the ocean and thinner and higher in density.
10 terms
Science Dynamic Earth
Describe the components of rock
Describe two properties that are used…
Identify the three major classes of rock
Describe the process by which IGNEOUS…
Rock is a naturally occurring, solid combination of minerals…
Composition is the chemical makeup of a rock. It describes th…
Igneous, Metamorphic and Sedimentary
IGNEOUS rocks form when magma beneath Earth's surface and lav…
Describe the components of rock
Rock is a naturally occurring, solid combination of minerals…
Describe two properties that are used…
Composition is the chemical makeup of a rock. It describes th…
19 terms
9th Grade Earth Science - Dynamic Earth Processes
Continental Drift
Plate Tectonics
oceanic crust
continental crust
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
The theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in constant…
the portion of Earth's crust that is usually below the oceans…
The portion of the earth's crust that primarily contains gran…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Plate Tectonics
The theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in constant…
17 terms
Dynamic Earth Vocabulary (Science)
Igneous Rocks
Sedimentary Rocks
Metamorphic Rocks
Weathering
Rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at or below t…
Rock that forms when particles from other rocks are pressed t…
Rock that forms from an existing rock that is changed by heat…
The processes (Wind or rain) that break down rock
Igneous Rocks
Rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at or below t…
Sedimentary Rocks
Rock that forms when particles from other rocks are pressed t…
24 terms
Dynamic Earth Science Exam
31
seismograph
speed up
Expansion and compression
From one step up the Richter scale to the nest the energy rel…
The name of the instrument used to measure seismic waves gene…
When seismic waves travel through the crust and reach an area…
P wave motion
31
From one step up the Richter scale to the nest the energy rel…
seismograph
The name of the instrument used to measure seismic waves gene…
15 terms
Science Vocab-Dynamic Earth
dimensional analysis
outer core
upper mantle
topographic map
the process of converting one unit to another
the only Earth layer that is thought to be liquid
an Earth layer that contains both solid and semi-molten layers
a map that uses contour lines to show the shape of the land i…
dimensional analysis
the process of converting one unit to another
outer core
the only Earth layer that is thought to be liquid
9 terms
Science (Volcanoes and dynamic earth
Convergent boundaries
Divergent boundary
Transform boundary
Tensional stress
Coming together
Moving apart from each other, (mid ocean trenches)
Sliding past each other
Associated with a divergent boundary
Convergent boundaries
Coming together
Divergent boundary
Moving apart from each other, (mid ocean trenches)
25 terms
Science - Dynamic Earth
Understandings
Understandings
Understandings
Understandings
Plate tectonics is the theory that the earth's outer layer, t…
Continental drift is the motion by which the tectonic plates…
Convection currents in the layer below the lithosphere (cause…
There are 3 types of plate boundaries - divergent, convergent…
Understandings
Plate tectonics is the theory that the earth's outer layer, t…
Understandings
Continental drift is the motion by which the tectonic plates…
21 terms
Earth Science Our Dynamic Earth.
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
Lithosphere
Plate techtonics
The air around us.
The water around us.
The ground we walk on.
Earth is divided up into plates and when those plates moves i…
Atmosphere
The air around us.
Hydrosphere
The water around us.
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