Study sets matching "science earth sun earth's"

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Study sets matching "science earth sun earth's"

13 terms
Earth Science - The Earth's Interior
epicenter
seismic waves
uplifted
displaced,
Point on Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earth…
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy re…
land has been raised to a new position
Forced out of a place ( erosion displaces soil)
epicenter
Point on Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earth…
seismic waves
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy re…
5 terms
Earth Science Earth's Surface
Mineral
silicate
crystallization
magma
Basic building blocks of rocks they are composed of elements…
Any one of numerous minerals that have the oxygen and silicon…
2. a process when minerals form which molecules and/or ions c…
Molten rock beneath the earth's surface... A molten mixture of r…
Mineral
Basic building blocks of rocks they are composed of elements…
silicate
Any one of numerous minerals that have the oxygen and silicon…
Earth Science-Earth's motion
AZIMUTH
SUN'S VERTICAL RAY
EQUATOR
NORTH POLE
the angular measurement around the earth's surface; starting…
occurs when the sun is directly overhead (at the zenith); NEV…
0 degrees latitude
90 degrees North
AZIMUTH
the angular measurement around the earth's surface; starting…
SUN'S VERTICAL RAY
occurs when the sun is directly overhead (at the zenith); NEV…
11 terms
Science: Earth's Spheres
sphere
atmo
bio
geo
an entity's physical or non-physical manifestation is spheric…
a combining form meaning "air," used as a prefix in the forma…
a combining form meaning "life", used as a prefix in the form…
a combining form meaning "Earth", used as a prefix in the for…
sphere
an entity's physical or non-physical manifestation is spheric…
atmo
a combining form meaning "air," used as a prefix in the forma…
36 terms
Earth Science Sculpting Earth's Surface
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Chemical Weathering
Frost wedging
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its ch…
The mechanical breakup of rock caused by the expansion of fre…
Weathering
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
Mechanical Weathering
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
11 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4: Earth's Resources
Renewable resource
Nonrenewable resource
Fossil fuel
Ore
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
resource that takes millions of years to form
general term for any hydrocarbon that may be used as a fuel,…
a material from which a useful mineral or minerals can be min…
Renewable resource
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
Nonrenewable resource
resource that takes millions of years to form
12 terms
Earth Science Set 8 (Earth's History)
relative dating
superposition
unconformity
geologic column
Any method of determining whether an event or object is older…
A principle that states that younger rocks lie above older ro…
A break in the geologic record created when rock layers are e…
An ordered arrangement of rock layers that is based on the re…
relative dating
Any method of determining whether an event or object is older…
superposition
A principle that states that younger rocks lie above older ro…
Earth Science Chapter 15 Earth's Oceans
Oceanography
SONAR
Submersibles
Salinity
The exploration and scientific study of the ocean and its phe…
An acronym for sound navigation and ranging. It is also refer…
Small underwater craft
The total amount of solid material dissolved in water
Oceanography
The exploration and scientific study of the ocean and its phe…
SONAR
An acronym for sound navigation and ranging. It is also refer…
12 terms
Earth Science: Earth's Rotation
sundial
stars
shadow
compass
instrument showing the time by using the shadow of a pointer…
Earth's rotation during the night gives the FALSE appearance…
dark area caused when an object blocks light from falling on…
tool that uses a tiny magnet to show which direction is north
sundial
instrument showing the time by using the shadow of a pointer…
stars
Earth's rotation during the night gives the FALSE appearance…
Earth Science 4.1 Earth's Interior
Seismic Waves
Pressure
Crust
Mantle
Waves produced by earthquakes
Force pressing on a certain area
The layer of rock that forms earth's outer skin
A layer of hot rock beneath the crust
Seismic Waves
Waves produced by earthquakes
Pressure
Force pressing on a certain area
27 terms
Earth's Atmosphere - Earth Science Unit
Argon
Aurora Borealis
Atmosphere
Atmospheric Pressure
Permanent gas in the atmosphere - makes up 0.9%
Brillant displays of colors in the night sky caused by partic…
Thin layers of gases that surrounds the planet and makes cond…
The force exerted by the gases pushing on an area or surface.
Argon
Permanent gas in the atmosphere - makes up 0.9%
Aurora Borealis
Brillant displays of colors in the night sky caused by partic…
11 terms
Science: Earth's Spheres
sphere
atmo
bio
geo
an entity's physical or non-physical manifestation is spheric…
meaning "air," used as a prefix in the formation of compound…
meaning "life", used as a prefix in the formation of compound…
meaning "Earth", used as a prefix in the formation of compoun…
sphere
an entity's physical or non-physical manifestation is spheric…
atmo
meaning "air," used as a prefix in the formation of compound…
13 terms
8th Grade Earth Science - Earth's Structure
Crust
Mantle
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
outermost layer of Earth; least dense layer; thinnest layer;…
layer of Earth between crust and core; thickest layer, partia…
made of crust and upper part of mantle; broken into tectonic…
layer just inside of lithosphere; partially molten (liquid),…
Crust
outermost layer of Earth; least dense layer; thinnest layer;…
Mantle
layer of Earth between crust and core; thickest layer, partia…
29 terms
Earth Science- Earth's Interior
seismic waves
pressure
crust
basalt
an elastic wave in the earth produced by an earthquake or oth…
the continuous physical force exerted on or against an object…
he crust of the Earth is composed of a great variety of igneo…
seismic waves
an elastic wave in the earth produced by an earthquake or oth…
pressure
the continuous physical force exerted on or against an object…
Earth Science- Earth's Interior
seismic waves
pressure
crust
basalt
an elastic wave in the earth produced by an earthquake or oth…
the continuous physical force exerted on or against an object…
he crust of the Earth is composed of a great variety of igneo…
seismic waves
an elastic wave in the earth produced by an earthquake or oth…
pressure
the continuous physical force exerted on or against an object…
13 terms
Earth Science-Earth's Layers
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
The innermost layer of Earth's interior and
Lies above the inner core and is thought to be composed of mo…
The largest layer of Earth's interior.
The very thin outermost layer of the Earth's interior.
inner core
The innermost layer of Earth's interior and
outer core
Lies above the inner core and is thought to be composed of mo…
22 terms
Earth Science: Unit 5 Earth's History
relative dating
absolute dating
geologic time scale
eon
Method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
A technique used to determine the actual age of a fossil
record of Earth's history from its origin to the present used…
longest time unit in the geological time scale, measured in b…
relative dating
Method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
absolute dating
A technique used to determine the actual age of a fossil
6 terms
Earth's four spheres: introduction to earth science
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
Geosphere
Biosphere
All the water on earth
The life giving gases that surrounds earth
Earth's surface and insides
All living things on earth
Hydrosphere
All the water on earth
Atmosphere
The life giving gases that surrounds earth
21 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18: Earth's Atmosphere
atmosphere
Nitrogen and Oxygen
Daniel Rutherford
homosphere
the envelope of gases that surrounds our planet
two most abundant gases that make up the atmosphere
isolated nitrogen
uniform mixture of gases in the atmosphere
atmosphere
the envelope of gases that surrounds our planet
Nitrogen and Oxygen
two most abundant gases that make up the atmosphere
7 terms
SCIENCE: Earth's Composition
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
most inner layer of Earth's composition consisting of solid i…
dense, inner layer of Earth's composition consisting of a liq…
hot, thick layer of solid and partly melted rock known as mag…
thin layer of solid rock that makes up Earth's outermost laye…
inner core
most inner layer of Earth's composition consisting of solid i…
outer core
dense, inner layer of Earth's composition consisting of a liq…
16 terms
Science: Earth's Composition
rock
geologist
metamorphic rock
fossils
a solid made up of different minerals
scientists who study earth
rock formed by great heat and pressure, generally found in th…
a record of ancient life on earth
rock
a solid made up of different minerals
geologist
scientists who study earth
Science: Earth's Layers
Crust
Mantle
Outer Core
Inner Core
Earth's cool outer layer of mostly solid rock
Earth's large middle area
liquid layer made up of melted iron and nickel
layer made up of solid iron and nickel
Crust
Earth's cool outer layer of mostly solid rock
Mantle
Earth's large middle area
Earth Science Chapter 11: Earth's Resources
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
fossil fuel
geothermal energy
can be replaced by natural processes almost as fast as they c…
cannot be replaced as fast as they are used
energy sources made from the remains of living organisms
heat energy from inside the earth
renewable resource
can be replaced by natural processes almost as fast as they c…
nonrenewable resource
cannot be replaced as fast as they are used
16 terms
Earth Science: Earth's Crust
Oceanic crust
Continental crust
The Mohohonovic Discontinuity
How do we know about the layers of the…
Thinner, more dense and mostly basalt
Thicker, less dense and mostly granite
Thetheory of boundary or interface between crust and mantle
Earthquake waves
Oceanic crust
Thinner, more dense and mostly basalt
Continental crust
Thicker, less dense and mostly granite
13 terms
Earth Science-Earth's Resources
compost
conservation
fossil fuel
geothermal energy
partly decomposed organic material that is used as fertilizer
the careful use of resources
general term for any hydrocarbon that may be used as a fuel,…
energy that can be extracted from Earth's internal heat
compost
partly decomposed organic material that is used as fertilizer
conservation
the careful use of resources
Earth Science lesson 4...The Earth's Resources
natural resources
fuels
nonrenewable resources
renewable resources
materials in the environment that are useful to
materials burned to produce heat energy
natural resources such as fossil fuels that will eventually b…
natural resources that nature can produce again such as trees…
natural resources
materials in the environment that are useful to
fuels
materials burned to produce heat energy
19 terms
Science Earth's Systems
system
matter
4 spheres
Geosphere
group of parts that work as a whole
anything that has mass and takes up space.
geosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere
The solid part of Earth, rock, nonliving soil, minerals. ... Inc…
system
group of parts that work as a whole
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space.
Earth Science: Friday, Saturday, and Sunday study
List these terms in order form smalles…
Why is dark matter invisible?
What is a galaxy?
List these terms in order from largest…
Star, star system, galaxy, cluster, supercluster, universe.
It doesn't emit light of any wavelength.
A huge collection of stars, gas, and dust.
Universe, supercluster, cluster, galaxy, star.
List these terms in order form smalles…
Star, star system, galaxy, cluster, supercluster, universe.
Why is dark matter invisible?
It doesn't emit light of any wavelength.
12 terms
Earth science earth's history
Fossil
Index fossil
Correlation
Volcanic ash
The remains or evidence of former living things found in sedi…
A fossil used in rock correlation that has a widespread distr…
Matching of rock layers to determine relative age
A good occurrence to use for rock correlation, because it is…
Fossil
The remains or evidence of former living things found in sedi…
Index fossil
A fossil used in rock correlation that has a widespread distr…
Earth Science - Earth's Crust & EarthQuakes
Fault
Fracture
Normal Fault
Reverse Fault
break in Earth's crust along which movement occurs
tendency of some minerals to break into pieces with uneven su…
A normal fault is a fault along which the movement is vertical
A reverse fault is a fault in which the crust above the fault…
Fault
break in Earth's crust along which movement occurs
Fracture
tendency of some minerals to break into pieces with uneven su…
13 terms
Earth Science-Earth's Layers
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
The innermost layer of Earth's interior and
Lies above the inner core and is thought to be composed of mo…
The largest layer of Earth's interior.
The very thin outermost layer of the Earth's interior.
inner core
The innermost layer of Earth's interior and
outer core
Lies above the inner core and is thought to be composed of mo…
9 terms
Earth's Formation: earth science
Crust
Continental crust
Oceanic crust
Mantle
Very thin outermost layer of the earth
(40 km/ 25 miles) mostly granite (less dense) found under the…
(7 km/ 5 miles) basalt (darker, igneous and very dense) found
Thick layer beneath the crust (82% of earth's volume)
Crust
Very thin outermost layer of the earth
Continental crust
(40 km/ 25 miles) mostly granite (less dense) found under the…
12 terms
Earth Science- Earth's Interior
What are the 2 main types of evidence?
The main layers of the earth are:
What is the layer of solid rock that f…
It includes both dry land and ocean fl…
direct and indirect
Inner core, outer core, mantle, crust
the crust
the crust
What are the 2 main types of evidence?
direct and indirect
The main layers of the earth are:
Inner core, outer core, mantle, crust
17 terms
Earth Science - Earth's Structure
lithosphere
soil
soil horizons
soil core
•includes the crust and the uppermost mantle... •is always movin…
•is the loose material that overs most of the Earth's surface
•Soil is made up of distinct horizontal layers; these layers…
•A cylindrical sample obtained from under the ground by drill…
lithosphere
•includes the crust and the uppermost mantle... •is always movin…
soil
•is the loose material that overs most of the Earth's surface
23 terms
Earth Science Chapter 8: Earthquakes and Earth's Interior
Earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Fault
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
the location on Earth's surface directly above the focus, or…
a fracture in Earth along which movement has occurred
Earthquake
the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
Focus
the point within Earth where an earthquake originates
27 terms
Earth's Atmosphere Vocabulary - Earth Science Unit
Argon
Aurora Borealis
Atmosphere
Atmospheric Pressure
Permanent gas in the atmosphere - makes up 0.9%
Brillant displays of colors in the night sky caused by partic…
Thin layers of gases that surrounds the planet and makes cond…
The force exerted by the gases pushing on an area or surface.
Argon
Permanent gas in the atmosphere - makes up 0.9%
Aurora Borealis
Brillant displays of colors in the night sky caused by partic…
8 terms
Branches of Earth Science and Earth's Systems
Bioshpere
Geosphere
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
(System) All living things on the planet
(System) Earth's surface and what is underneath
(System) All the water on Earth
(System) The gas around a planet
Bioshpere
(System) All living things on the planet
Geosphere
(System) Earth's surface and what is underneath
37 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary--Changes to Earth's Surface
landform
mountain
canyon
plain
a natural land shape or feature on Earth's surface
Is a landform that is higher than the land around it.
a valley with steep walls
large, flat landform
landform
a natural land shape or feature on Earth's surface
mountain
Is a landform that is higher than the land around it.
34 terms
Earth Science Chapter 14 Earth's Oceans
aphotic zone
biomass
intertidal zone
neritic zone
permanently dark layer of the oceans below the photic zone
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
Portion of the shoreline that lies between the high and low t…
Area of ocean that extends from the low-tide line out to the…
aphotic zone
permanently dark layer of the oceans below the photic zone
biomass
A measure of the total dry mass of organisms within a particu…
14 terms
13-Earth Science-Clues To Earth's Past
Fossil
Permineralized Remains
Carbon Film
Mold
Remains, imprints, or traces of prehistoric organisms that ca…
Fossils in which the space inside are filled with minerals fr…
A thin film of carbon residue preserved as a fossil
A type of body fossil that forms in rock when an organism wit…
Fossil
Remains, imprints, or traces of prehistoric organisms that ca…
Permineralized Remains
Fossils in which the space inside are filled with minerals fr…
28 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 8 - Earth's Water
atmosphere
water vapor
ice cap
soil water
the blanket of gases that surrounds Earth.
a gas in Earth's atmosphere
a thick sheet of ice covering a large area of land
water that soaks into the ground
atmosphere
the blanket of gases that surrounds Earth.
water vapor
a gas in Earth's atmosphere
22 terms
Science: Earth's atmosphere
What is the importance of the atmosphe…
How does the atmosphere keep a balance…
It protects life from what?
What makes up of the atmosphere?
If we had no atmosphere it would be extremely hot during the…
It absorbs heat from the sun during the day and during the ni…
The sun's harmful rays.
gas, solids, and liquids.
What is the importance of the atmosphe…
If we had no atmosphere it would be extremely hot during the…
How does the atmosphere keep a balance…
It absorbs heat from the sun during the day and during the ni…
Mrs. Blackburn's Earth Science Review: Earth, Moon, Sun system
24 hours or 1 day
about 29 days or 1 month
about 365 days or 1 year
December 21
time it takes for the earth to rotate on its axis
time for the moon to go through all of its phases
time for the earth to orbit (revolve) around the sun
First day of winter in Northern Hemisphere (winter solstice),…
24 hours or 1 day
time it takes for the earth to rotate on its axis
about 29 days or 1 month
time for the moon to go through all of its phases
Earth Science: Earth History
Continental Drift
Seafloor Spreading
Pangea
Convection Current
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
the formation of new areas of oceanic crust, which occurs thr…
super continent consisting of all known continents fitting to…
the movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Seafloor Spreading
the formation of new areas of oceanic crust, which occurs thr…
21 terms
Science: Earth's Atmosphere
pressure
atmosphere
troposphere
ionosphere
force exerted on an area
thin layer of air that forms a protective covering around the…
lowest layer of earth's atmosphere
layer of electricity charged particles
pressure
force exerted on an area
atmosphere
thin layer of air that forms a protective covering around the…
23 terms
Earth Science Vocabulary--Changes to Earth's Surface
landform
mountain
valley
canyon
a natural feature on Earth's surface
an area that is higher than the land around it
lower area with higher land around it
a valley with steep walls
landform
a natural feature on Earth's surface
mountain
an area that is higher than the land around it
21 terms
Science Earth's Water
Infiltration
Groundwater
Three examples of surface water
Surface water
When water on land seeps into the ground.
Water found in spaces between rock particles below Earth's su…
Streams, lakes, rivers
Water above earths surface. Comes from preciptation, or water…
Infiltration
When water on land seeps into the ground.
Groundwater
Water found in spaces between rock particles below Earth's su…
6 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4: Earth's Resources
renewable resources
nonrenewable resources
pollution
fossil fuel
resources that are always being replaced and will not run out
resources that cannot be replaced quickly enough to keep from…
the presence of substances that are harmful to the environmen…
any fuel that is formed from the remains of plants and animal…
renewable resources
resources that are always being replaced and will not run out
nonrenewable resources
resources that cannot be replaced quickly enough to keep from…
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 15 Earth's Oceans
Oceanography
SONAR
Submersibles
Salinity
The exploration and scientific study of the ocean and its phe…
An acronym for sound navigation and ranging. It is also refer…
Small underwater craft
The total amount of solid material dissolved in water
Oceanography
The exploration and scientific study of the ocean and its phe…
SONAR
An acronym for sound navigation and ranging. It is also refer…
Earth Science Chapter 4: Earth's Resources
Renewable resource
Nonrenewable resource
Fossil fuel
Ore
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
resource that takes millions of years to form
general term for any hydrocarbon that may be used as a fuel,…
a material from which a useful mineral or minerals can be min…
Renewable resource
a resource that is virtually inexhaustible or that can be rep…
Nonrenewable resource
resource that takes millions of years to form
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