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Study sets matching "science exam chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "science exam chapter 3"

23 terms
Science - Chapter 3
Distance
Displacement
Motion
Reference Point
How much ground an object covers
Overall change in position
an object's change in position relative to a reference point
Stationed object used for comparison to determine if an objec…
Distance
How much ground an object covers
Displacement
Overall change in position
31 terms
Earth Science Chapter 3
Minerals
Mineralogy
native elements
halides
substances that are found naturally in the earth and have a c…
the branch of geology that deals with the identification and…
substances that exist naturally in the earth's crust as singl…
consists of compounds made with the elements fluorine, chlori…
Minerals
substances that are found naturally in the earth and have a c…
Mineralogy
the branch of geology that deals with the identification and…
19 terms
Chapter 3 science
ecosystem
mimicry
prey
mutualism
all living and nonliving things in an environment
when an organism looks like an unpleasant animal
organisms that are hunted by other organisms
relationship between 2 organisms and both benefit
ecosystem
all living and nonliving things in an environment
mimicry
when an organism looks like an unpleasant animal
9 terms
Science - Chapter 3
classify
stimulus
instinct
vertebrates
to arrange or sort objects or living things according to thei…
something that causes a reaction in a living thing
a behavior that is inherited
animals that have backbones
classify
to arrange or sort objects or living things according to thei…
stimulus
something that causes a reaction in a living thing
81 terms
SCIENCE CHAPTER 3
Circulate
Atmosphere
Troposphere
Transportation
Start at one point and return to the same point
It is a mixture of invisible gases that surround the EarthMOs…
The athmospheric layer in which we live. It extends outward 1…
The process by which passengers or goods are moved or deliver…
Circulate
Start at one point and return to the same point
Atmosphere
It is a mixture of invisible gases that surround the EarthMOs…
11 terms
Chapter 3 Science Vocabulary
Atom
Element
Compound
Mixture
the basic units of matter and the defining structure of eleme…
one of the basic substances that are made of atoms of only on…
a thing composed of two or more different elements
two or more substances are combined but each substance retain…
Atom
the basic units of matter and the defining structure of eleme…
Element
one of the basic substances that are made of atoms of only on…
29 terms
Science: Chapter 3 Vocabulary
digestive system
respiratory system
excretory system
circulatory system
Organ system that turns food into nutrients that are suitable…
Carries oxygen to the lungs where it is transferred to the bl…
Moves waste materials out of the body.
Uses blood and blood vessels to move oxygen and nutrients to…
digestive system
Organ system that turns food into nutrients that are suitable…
respiratory system
Carries oxygen to the lungs where it is transferred to the bl…
21 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 3
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
the state in which matter take the shape of its container and…
the state in which matter changes in both shape and volume
States of Matter
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
Solid
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
Science 7 Chapter 3
cell membrane
selectively permeable membrane
passive transport
diffusion
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
Movement across the cell membrane that does not require energ…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
selectively permeable membrane
A property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
Science 4th Chapter 3
Gravity
Motion
Speed
Reference Point
The force that pulls all objects toward each other.
A change in the position of an object.
The rate at which an object changes position.
A place or object used to determine if an object is in motion.
Gravity
The force that pulls all objects toward each other.
Motion
A change in the position of an object.
18 terms
Science Chapter 3
Ecosystem
Sunlight
Decomposer
Omnivore
A system where living and non living things interact
__________ is the main energy source for life on Earth.
An organism like an insect that eats the remains of animals
An animal that eats plants and animals
Ecosystem
A system where living and non living things interact
Sunlight
__________ is the main energy source for life on Earth.
11 terms
Science - Chapter 3
unique
diversity
parasite
metamorphosis
one of a kind
a wide range of unique features in a group
an organism that lives in or on another organism, acquiring m…
a developmental change in shape or form of an animal
unique
one of a kind
diversity
a wide range of unique features in a group
40 terms
Science-Chapter 3 Natural Resources
natural resources
renewable
nonrenewable
fossil fuels
the materials on Earth available for our use
can be replaced
cannot be easily replaced
petroleum, natural gas, coal
natural resources
the materials on Earth available for our use
renewable
can be replaced
11 terms
Science - Chapter 3
cell division
multicellural organism cell division
DNA
chromosomes
when cells divided to make more cells
involves growth, development, and repair as well as reproduct…
a chemical that contains information for an organism's growth…
DNA is wrapped around proteins like thread around a spool and…
cell division
when cells divided to make more cells
multicellural organism cell division
involves growth, development, and repair as well as reproduct…
28 terms
Earth Science chapter 3
matter
element
nucleus
protron
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Center of atom
Positive atomic particle
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
25 terms
Mr. Kendall, Physical Science Chapter 3
Friction
Air Resistance
Gravity
The formula to find Weight
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
Upward force that air exerts on a moving ... object to oppose it…
An attractive force between any two objects that depend on th…
W= m*g... Weight = mass x gravity
Friction
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
Air Resistance
Upward force that air exerts on a moving ... object to oppose it…
29 terms
Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
weathering
erosion
sediment
deposition
the chemical and physical processes that break down a rock
the process by which natural forces move weathered rock and s…
small pieces of rock or the remains of organisms deposited by…
process in which sediment is laid down in new locations
weathering
the chemical and physical processes that break down a rock
erosion
the process by which natural forces move weathered rock and s…
9 terms
Science: Chapter 3
Enviornment
Habitat
Grassland
Desert
everything that surrounds a living thing.
the place where a living thing makes its home and meets its n…
Land ecosystem with few trees, but many grasses and flowering…
An ecosystem that gets very little rain and is usually hot.
Enviornment
everything that surrounds a living thing.
Habitat
the place where a living thing makes its home and meets its n…
50 terms
CCS Physical Science Chapter 3
atoms
molecules
atomic theory of matter
kinetic theory of matter
extremely small particles that all matter is made up of
the basic functional units of matter
Dalton's idea; provides the basis for the scientific understa…
2 main principles are: 1.) all molecules of matter are in con…
atoms
extremely small particles that all matter is made up of
molecules
the basic functional units of matter
26 terms
7th Science Chapter 3
Cell membrane
phospholipid
hydrophobic
hydrophilic
bilayer of phospholipids; semi-permeable which means it lets…
hydrophilic end and hydrophobic end
afraid of water
likes water
Cell membrane
bilayer of phospholipids; semi-permeable which means it lets…
phospholipid
hydrophilic end and hydrophobic end
15 terms
7th Science-Chapter 3
Intrusive Rock
Foliated Rocks
Extrusive Igneous Rock
Metamorphic Rock
Magma that cools BELOW Earth's surface
are distinguished by narrow LAYERS
formed by lava that cools quickly ON the Earths surface
Formed by Temperature, pressure, and presence of hot, watery…
Intrusive Rock
Magma that cools BELOW Earth's surface
Foliated Rocks
are distinguished by narrow LAYERS
24 terms
Science 10 Chapter 3
adaptive radiation
aeration
climax community
deforestation
the development of a number of new species from a common ance…
mixing with air; (can aerate water, sewage, soil, etc.) one m…
a mature community, such as a boreal forest, tropical rainfor…
the clearing or logging of forests without replanting. Can be…
adaptive radiation
the development of a number of new species from a common ance…
aeration
mixing with air; (can aerate water, sewage, soil, etc.) one m…
47 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Plasma
Name the state of matter: ... Particles are in a fixed position…
Name the state of matter:... Particles are close together but mo…
Name the state of matter:... Particles are in constant motion an…
Name the state of matter:... Particles are electrically charged…
Solid
Name the state of matter: ... Particles are in a fixed position…
Liquid
Name the state of matter:... Particles are close together but mo…
31 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 3
Atom
Electrons
Nucleus
Protons
smallest particle that can be considered an element
Negatively charged particles in an atom
Small region in the center of an atom, contains protons and n…
Positively charged particles in an atom, found in the nucleus
Atom
smallest particle that can be considered an element
Electrons
Negatively charged particles in an atom
45 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 3
Biosphere
Producer
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
The region of our planet where life resides, the combination…
An organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
The process by which producers use solar energy to convert ca…
The process by which cells unlock the energy of chemical comp…
Biosphere
The region of our planet where life resides, the combination…
Producer
An organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
13 terms
Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
extinct
fossils
environment
forest
No longer lives on Earth.
A print or part of a plant or animal that lived long ago.
All living and nonliving things in one place.
A land that has many trees and other plants.
extinct
No longer lives on Earth.
fossils
A print or part of a plant or animal that lived long ago.
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
solid
liquid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…
no definite shape, definite volume; particles can flow past o…
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
Physical Science Chapter 3
solid
crystalline solid
amorphous solid
liquid
has a definite shape and a definite volume
solids that are made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
the particles of the solid are not arranged in a regular patt…
has a definite volume but no shape of its own
solid
has a definite shape and a definite volume
crystalline solid
solids that are made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
33 terms
Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
ecology
biosphere
How far does the biosphere extend abov…
species
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
contains the combined portions of planet in which all life ex…
8 kilometers
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
ecology
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
biosphere
contains the combined portions of planet in which all life ex…
15 terms
Science Chapter 3
absorption
alveoli
cell
cellular respiration
process in which food molecules pass through the walls of the…
tiny, thin walled sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxy…
smallest functional unit in an organism
series of chemical processes in which oxygen combines with fo…
absorption
process in which food molecules pass through the walls of the…
alveoli
tiny, thin walled sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxy…
28 terms
Chapter 3 Science Review
exoskeleton
adaptation
metamorphosis
dormancy
hard skeleton on the outside of the body
characteristic that allows an organism to survive better in i…
animal changing form during it's life cycle
inactive state in plants during the winter
exoskeleton
hard skeleton on the outside of the body
adaptation
characteristic that allows an organism to survive better in i…
31 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
gas
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the form of matter that does not have a definite volume or sh…
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
24 terms
Science 10 Chapter 3
adaptive radiation
aeration
climax community
deforestation
the development of a number of new species from a common ance…
mixing with air; (can aerate water, sewage, soil, etc.) one m…
a mature community, such as a boreal forest, tropical rainfor…
the clearing or logging of forests without replanting. Can be…
adaptive radiation
the development of a number of new species from a common ance…
aeration
mixing with air; (can aerate water, sewage, soil, etc.) one m…
71 terms
Science 4 Chapter 3
conifers
photosynthesis
annual rings
chlorophyll
tree that produces cones instead of flowers
process of green plants making their food
layers of wood that tell the trees age
green coloring matter in plants that helps them make food
conifers
tree that produces cones instead of flowers
photosynthesis
process of green plants making their food
16 terms
Science Chapter 3
adaptation
habitat
niche
symbiosis
a trait or characteristic that helps an organism survive in i…
the natural environment where an organism lives
the role of an organism in its habitat
a close, long-lasting relationship between species
adaptation
a trait or characteristic that helps an organism survive in i…
habitat
the natural environment where an organism lives
5th chapter 3 science
opaque
translucent
transparent
the importance of light to you?
allowing no light to pass through
clear; allowing light through but diffusing (scattering) it s…
clear; allowing light pass through
it lets you see
opaque
allowing no light to pass through
translucent
clear; allowing light through but diffusing (scattering) it s…
8 terms
Science Chapter 3 Vocab
mineral
weathering
erosion
renewable resources
natural, nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks
process of rocks in Earth's crust slowly being broken into sm…
process of carrying away weathered bits of rock
resources that can be replaced
mineral
natural, nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks
weathering
process of rocks in Earth's crust slowly being broken into sm…
29 terms
Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
meander
erosion
sediment
deposition
a loop like bend in the course of a river
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
rock fragments or soil that have been transported to a differ…
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
meander
a loop like bend in the course of a river
erosion
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
27 terms
chapter 3 physical science
newton's second law of motion
sliding friction
friction
static friction
the acceleration of an object is in the same direction as the…
the force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding pas…
a force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces that…
the frictional force that prevents two surfaces from sliding…
newton's second law of motion
the acceleration of an object is in the same direction as the…
sliding friction
the force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding pas…
17 terms
Chapter 3 Science Vocabulary
Precambrian
fossil
relative dating
geology
In the geologic time scale the Precambrian era is known for s…
the preserved remains of a dead plant or animal
a method of putting events together in the order in which the…
the study of rocks and rock formations
Precambrian
In the geologic time scale the Precambrian era is known for s…
fossil
the preserved remains of a dead plant or animal
33 terms
Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
weathering
erosion
sediment
deposition
the chemical and physical processes that break down a rock
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
small pieces of rock or the remains of organisms deposited by…
process in which sediment is laid down in new locations
weathering
the chemical and physical processes that break down a rock
erosion
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
10 terms
Life Science - Chapter 3
carnivore
food chain
herbivore
omnivore
An animal that eats only other animals.
The path of food energy in an ecosystem from plants to animals.
An animal that eats only plants.
An animal that eats both plants and animals.
carnivore
An animal that eats only other animals.
food chain
The path of food energy in an ecosystem from plants to animals.
24 terms
Science 10 Chapter 3 Vocabulary
adaptive radiation
aeration
bioremediation
climax community
the development of a number of new species from a common ance…
mixing with air; (can aerate water, sewage, soil, etc.) one m…
the act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microor…
a mature community, such as a boreal forest, tropical rainfor…
adaptive radiation
the development of a number of new species from a common ance…
aeration
mixing with air; (can aerate water, sewage, soil, etc.) one m…
18 terms
Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
ecosystem
consumer
primary consumer
carnivore
The living and nonliving things in an area
any animal that eats plants or other animals
animals that eat primary producers, they are also herbivores
animals that eat only other animals
ecosystem
The living and nonliving things in an area
consumer
any animal that eats plants or other animals
54 terms
Holt Earth Science Chapter 3
mineral
element
compound
crystal
a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
a solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a def…
mineral
a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
12 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 3
unique
diversity
parasite
metamorphosis
one of a kind
a wide range of unique features in a group
an organism that lives in or on another organism, acquiring m…
a developmental change in shape or form of an animal
unique
one of a kind
diversity
a wide range of unique features in a group
12 terms
Science 5th Chapter 3
non-contact force
average speed
gravity
force
a force that acts at a distance
the measure of how fast an object is moving during a certain…
a force of attraction between any two objects
a push or pull that acts on an object
non-contact force
a force that acts at a distance
average speed
the measure of how fast an object is moving during a certain…
18 terms
Holt Env Science Chapter 3 terms
carnivore
cellular respiration
climax community
consumer
A consumer that eats only animals or flesh-eaters.
The process of breaking down food to yield/create energy.
The community that eventually forms when land is left undistu…
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms.
carnivore
A consumer that eats only animals or flesh-eaters.
cellular respiration
The process of breaking down food to yield/create energy.
13 terms
Science Chapter 3
anything that has volume and mass
mass is also known as a
amount of space a substance takes up
standard unit of volume is a
matter
substance
volume
liter
anything that has volume and mass
matter
mass is also known as a
substance
14 terms
Science Chapter 3
Continental Drift
Pangaea
fossil
mid-ocean ridge
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
The name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock.
An underwater mountain chain where new ocean floor is formed
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
Pangaea
The name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
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