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Study sets matching "science exam chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "science exam chapter 5"

15 terms
Science - Chapter 5
streak
mineral
cleavage
luster
color of the powder that a mineral leaves when it scratches a…
natural, nonliving solid crystal that make up rocks
property of minerals to break along smooth, flat surfaces
the way the surface of a mineral reflects light
streak
color of the powder that a mineral leaves when it scratches a…
mineral
natural, nonliving solid crystal that make up rocks
20 terms
Science Chapter 5
Characteristic
True-Breeding Plant
Self Pollination
Punnett Square
A distinguishing trait, quality, or property
When self fertilized, only produces offspring with the same t…
The transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma o…
A diagram that is used to predict and outcome of breeding exp…
Characteristic
A distinguishing trait, quality, or property
True-Breeding Plant
When self fertilized, only produces offspring with the same t…
38 terms
Chapter 5 Science
The structure of the plasma membrane
"fluid mosaic" definition
The role of cholesterol in the lipid b…
How saturated and unsaturated phosphol…
Phospholipid bilayer, embedded/attached proteins and fluid mo…
The flowing of the membrane, constant motion of proteins and…
Stabilizes membranes at high and low temperatures
Unsaturated: creates kings caused by double bonds that preven…
The structure of the plasma membrane
Phospholipid bilayer, embedded/attached proteins and fluid mo…
"fluid mosaic" definition
The flowing of the membrane, constant motion of proteins and…
12 terms
Science - Chapter 5
volume
density
matter
Mass
Amount of space occupied by an object
Mass divided by volume
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Amount of matter in an object
volume
Amount of space occupied by an object
density
Mass divided by volume
8 terms
Chapter 5 Science vocab
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
fermentation
Cell cycle
the process of converting light energy to chemical energy and…
the process by which cells use oxygen to produce energy from…
the breakdown of food without the use of oxygen
the life cycle of a cell
Photosynthesis
the process of converting light energy to chemical energy and…
Cellular respiration
the process by which cells use oxygen to produce energy from…
31 terms
Chapter 5 Science
carnivore
herbivore
insectivore
omnivore
eats other animals
eats plants only
eats mainly insects
eats both plants and animals
carnivore
eats other animals
herbivore
eats plants only
12 terms
Science Chapter 5
cleavage
erosion
fault
groundwater
A mineral's ability to split easily along flat surfaces.
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
A break in the earth's crust
water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil an…
cleavage
A mineral's ability to split easily along flat surfaces.
erosion
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
10 terms
Science: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
axis
rotate
phase
revolves
An imaginary line that runs through Earth's poles
To spin around.
The lighted part of the moon that we on Earth see.
When an object moves around another object.revolves
axis
An imaginary line that runs through Earth's poles
rotate
To spin around.
13 terms
Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
cleavage
hardness
luster
mineral
To split easily along flat surfaces
How easily a mineral can be scratched
The way a mineral shines, or reflects light
A nonliving solid material that has a definite chemical makeu…
cleavage
To split easily along flat surfaces
hardness
How easily a mineral can be scratched
13 terms
Chapter 5 Life Science
name for a tool that helps us discover…
eye color or hair color is an example…
Phenotype
heterozygous
punnett square
trait
physical appearance
has two different alleles for a trait
name for a tool that helps us discover…
punnett square
eye color or hair color is an example…
trait
Science Chapter 5
outer core
drainage basin
crust
continental slope
a layer of Earth that is probably made of melted iron.
a region of land with water that runs into a river
solid rock that makes up Earth's outermost layer
the area where the edge of a continent falls steeply to the o…
outer core
a layer of Earth that is probably made of melted iron.
drainage basin
a region of land with water that runs into a river
15 terms
Chapter 5 Science Glencoe
temperature
thermal energy
conduction
convection
a measure of the average kinetic energy of an object's molecu…
the sum of the kinetic and potential energy of all the molecu…
the transfer of heat between objects that are touching (direc…
the transfer of heat through the movement of molecules from o…
temperature
a measure of the average kinetic energy of an object's molecu…
thermal energy
the sum of the kinetic and potential energy of all the molecu…
24 terms
Science-Chapter 5
cell
organelle
cell membrane
cytoplasm
Basic unit of life
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
cell
Basic unit of life
organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
31 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 5
evolution
Genetic Drift
Natural Selection
artificial selection
genetic change in a population's gene pool over time
Biological evolution that occurs by chance
traits that improve an organism's chance of survival are pass…
process of selection conducted under human direction
evolution
genetic change in a population's gene pool over time
Genetic Drift
Biological evolution that occurs by chance
Science 5th Chapter 5
species
classify
dichotomous key
kingdom
a group of similar organisms that can mate and produce offspr…
put similar things into a group
a tool used to identify organisms
the level of classification of living things below domain
species
a group of similar organisms that can mate and produce offspr…
classify
put similar things into a group
12 terms
Science vocab, Chapter 5
landform
weathering
erosion
humus
A natural land feature on Earth's surface
The process of rocks in Earth's crust slowly being broken int…
The process of carrying away weathered bits of rock
A material in soil made up of decayed plants and animals
landform
A natural land feature on Earth's surface
weathering
The process of rocks in Earth's crust slowly being broken int…
41 terms
Earth Science Chapter 5 Review
Mechanical Weathering
Frost Wedging
Unloading
Root wedging
Forces that break apart rock and soil particles
Form of mechanical weathering that occurs primarily at mid la…
Exfoliation plates form from pressure being released from und…
Biological activity caused by continual pressure of a plant's…
Mechanical Weathering
Forces that break apart rock and soil particles
Frost Wedging
Form of mechanical weathering that occurs primarily at mid la…
19 terms
Chapter 5, science weathering and soil
uniformitariansim
erosion
weathering
mechanical weathering
states that processes such as mountain building, erosion, and…
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's…
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken int…
uniformitariansim
states that processes such as mountain building, erosion, and…
erosion
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and c…
14 terms
Science chapter 5
atmosphere
earthquake
erosion
fault
gases around and above the Earth
sudden movement of the Earth's crust
process by which weathered rock moves fro one palce to another
crack in the Earth's crust
atmosphere
gases around and above the Earth
earthquake
sudden movement of the Earth's crust
9 terms
Science Chapter 5
pollution
habitat restoration
diversity
abiotic
Waste products that damage an ecosystem
Returning a natural environment to its original condition
A measure of the number and variety of species in an ecosystem
Of the nonliving parts of an ecosystem
pollution
Waste products that damage an ecosystem
habitat restoration
Returning a natural environment to its original condition
14 terms
Science chapter 5
atmosphere
earthquake
erosion
fault
gases around and above the Earth
sudden movement of the Earth's crust
process by which weathered rock moves fro one palce to another
crack in the Earth's crust
atmosphere
gases around and above the Earth
earthquake
sudden movement of the Earth's crust
Physical Science Chapter 5
valence electrons
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
ion
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
The force that holds atoms together
an atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged
valence electrons
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
electron dot diagram
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
22 terms
Science Chapter 5
gravity
landslide
flood
mudslide
A force that pulls objects toward each other
a slide of a large mass of dirt and rock down a mountain or c…
an overflowing of water in a normally dry area
The movement of a large amount of mud and rocks down a slope.
gravity
A force that pulls objects toward each other
landslide
a slide of a large mass of dirt and rock down a mountain or c…
10 terms
Chapter 5 Science Vocabulary
mineral
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
relative age
A naturally occurring substance, neither a plant nor an animal
"Fire-made" rock formed from melted rock material
Rock formed from bits or layers of rocks cemented together
The age of something compared to the age of another thing
mineral
A naturally occurring substance, neither a plant nor an animal
igneous rock
"Fire-made" rock formed from melted rock material
20 terms
Science: Chapter 5
absolute age
aftershock
continental drift
crust
rock layer's age in years, due to radioactivity of elements
smaller earthquakes, can be strong...days, weeks, or months a…
the slow movement of the continents over a long period of time
earth's solid, rocky surface
absolute age
rock layer's age in years, due to radioactivity of elements
aftershock
smaller earthquakes, can be strong...days, weeks, or months a…
24 terms
Science Chapter 5 Review
tissue
organ
system
circulatory system
a group of the same kind of cells that work together to do th…
a group of different tissues that join together into one stru…
a set of things that work together as a whole
moves blood through the body. It includes the heart, blood an…
tissue
a group of the same kind of cells that work together to do th…
organ
a group of different tissues that join together into one stru…
27 terms
Life Science Chapter 5
chromosome
gene
diploid
cell division
A thread of DNA, made up of a string of genes
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
2 sets of chromosomes
The process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
chromosome
A thread of DNA, made up of a string of genes
gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
21 terms
Science Chapter 5
atmosphere
troposphere
air pressure
altitude
All of the air surrounding the Earth
The layer of Earth's atmosphere that is closest to the surface
The force put on a given area by the weight of the air above it
How high something is above Earth's surface
atmosphere
All of the air surrounding the Earth
troposphere
The layer of Earth's atmosphere that is closest to the surface
24 terms
Life Science Chapter 5
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
The passing of trains from parents to offspring
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
The scientific study of heredity
The joining of an egg and a sperm
heredity
The passing of trains from parents to offspring
trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
15 terms
Chapter 5 Science
streak
mineral
cleavage
luster
color of the powder that a mineral leaves when it scratches a…
natural, nonliving solid crystal that make up rocks
property of minerals to break along smooth, flat surfaces
the way the surface of a mineral reflects light
streak
color of the powder that a mineral leaves when it scratches a…
mineral
natural, nonliving solid crystal that make up rocks
57 terms
The Nonliving Environment, Science Chapter 5
biotic
abiotic
atmosphere
latitude
features of the environment that are alive or were once alive…
nonliving, physical features of the environment, including ai…
air surrounding Earth; is made up of gases, including 78% nit…
distance north or south of the equator as measured from 0-90…
biotic
features of the environment that are alive or were once alive…
abiotic
nonliving, physical features of the environment, including ai…
20 terms
Science Chapter 5 Review
mutualism
multicellular
Lichen
spore
a living arrangement in which both things benefit
Having many cells that do different jobs
fungus and an organism that makes chlorophyll that live toget…
special cell that forms a new organism
mutualism
a living arrangement in which both things benefit
multicellular
Having many cells that do different jobs
11 terms
Science Chapter 5
reduce
soil
reuse
humus
to use less
the top layer of Earth
to use again
small bits of dead plants and animals in the soil
reduce
to use less
soil
the top layer of Earth
20 terms
Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
biotic factor
abiotic factor
autotrophs
heterotrophs
a living thing as an animal or plant that influences or affec…
a nonliving thing that influences or affects an ecosystem
organisms that go through the process of photosynthesis to pr…
organisms which obtain energy by feeding on another organisms
biotic factor
a living thing as an animal or plant that influences or affec…
abiotic factor
a nonliving thing that influences or affects an ecosystem
15 terms
Science 4 Earth Science chapter 5
mineral
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
relative age
Minerals are naturally occurring substances that are neither…
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
The age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
mineral
Minerals are naturally occurring substances that are neither…
igneous rock
A type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
Science 4th Chapter 5
Series Circuit
Electric Current
Parallel Circuit
Conductor
A circuit in which electrical charge can only flow in one cir…
An electric charge in motion.
A circuit that has two or more paths through which electrical…
A material through which an electrical charge can move easily.
Series Circuit
A circuit in which electrical charge can only flow in one cir…
Electric Current
An electric charge in motion.
29 terms
Science Chapter 5 Plate Tectonics
seismic waves
pressure
crust
basalt
Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energy…
Results from a force pressing on an area.
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer skin.
Is a dark rock with a fine texture.
seismic waves
Vibrations that travel through the Earth carrying the energy…
pressure
Results from a force pressing on an area.
10 terms
Science Chapter 5
newton
Joule
wheel and axle
first class lever
metric unit of force
metric unit of work
wheel and a shaft that helps move things
fulcrum is in the middle
newton
metric unit of force
Joule
metric unit of work
31 terms
Science-Chapter 5 Review
Hydrosphere
Global wind patterns
LEAST direct on the POLES and MOST dir…
Evaporation
The part of the Earth system that contains all of Earth's wat…
Give an example of the atmosphere acting as a system? _______…
The sun's rays are least direct on what part of the Earth? __…
Water vapor enters the atmosphere by what process? __________…
Hydrosphere
The part of the Earth system that contains all of Earth's wat…
Global wind patterns
Give an example of the atmosphere acting as a system? _______…
41 terms
Science Chapter 5
Atmosphere
Air
Air Pressure
Altitude
a thin blanket of gasses to surround the earth
is a mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other g…
the weight of the air
is the measurement of the distance above sea level
Atmosphere
a thin blanket of gasses to surround the earth
Air
is a mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other g…
17 terms
Science Chapter 5
water cycle
evaporation
condensation
precipitation
process by which water moves through the Earth and atmosphere
process where water changes from liquid to gas, caused by heat
process where water changes from a gas to liquid, caused by c…
rain, sleet, snow, and hail
water cycle
process by which water moves through the Earth and atmosphere
evaporation
process where water changes from liquid to gas, caused by heat
32 terms
Science Chapter 5
Landform
Tributary
Continental shelf
Ocean basin
Physical feature on Earth's surface.
Small river or stream. It starts in the mountains and join ot…
Along the coast of a continent, this what the ocean floor is…
The largest landform beneath the ocean.
Landform
Physical feature on Earth's surface.
Tributary
Small river or stream. It starts in the mountains and join ot…
10 terms
Chapter 5 Science Vocabulary
mineral
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
relative age
A naturally occurring substance, neither a plant nor an animal
"Fire-made" rock formed from melted rock material
Rock formed from bits or layers of rocks cemented together
The age of something compared to the age of another thing
mineral
A naturally occurring substance, neither a plant nor an animal
igneous rock
"Fire-made" rock formed from melted rock material
8 terms
Science Chapter 5
fossil
mold
cast
amber
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
A fossil formed when an organism buried in sediment dissolves…
A fossil that is created by filling in the space in a mold
Tree sap that has hardened
fossil
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
mold
A fossil formed when an organism buried in sediment dissolves…
15 terms
Science Chapter 5 VOCAB!!!
Work
Power
Machine
Input Force
Transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object m…
A push or pull exerted on an object.
A device that makes work easier.
The force exerted on a machine.
Work
Transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object m…
Power
A push or pull exerted on an object.
Science Chapter 5 Terms
Kinetic Energy
Matter
Particle Theory Of Matter
Temperature
energy that particles or an object has due to it's motion.
Anything that takes up space, has mass, and is made upof part…
that all matter is made up of smaller individual particles.
how hot or cold something is.
Kinetic Energy
energy that particles or an object has due to it's motion.
Matter
Anything that takes up space, has mass, and is made upof part…
20 terms
Science Chapter 5 Interactions
in wet, cool climate
tropical rainforest
thick fur
large root system close to the surface…
Maple and spruce trees grow in...
Which biome is home to most species?
What adaptation BEST helps the elk survive?
Describe a desert plant's root system.
in wet, cool climate
Maple and spruce trees grow in...
tropical rainforest
Which biome is home to most species?
57 terms
The Nonliving Environment, Science Chapter 5
biotic
abiotic
atmosphere
latitude
features of the environment that are alive or were once alive…
nonliving, physical features of the environment, including ai…
air surrounding Earth; is made up of gases, including 78% nit…
distance north or south of the equator as measured from 0-90…
biotic
features of the environment that are alive or were once alive…
abiotic
nonliving, physical features of the environment, including ai…
68 terms
Science 4 Chapter 5
oceans, rivers, and lakes
fog
matter
molecule
Three fourths of the earth is covered by what?
a stratus cloud that is very close to the earth's surface
anything that takes up space and has weight
the smallest piece of a substance that still has the qualitie…
oceans, rivers, and lakes
Three fourths of the earth is covered by what?
fog
a stratus cloud that is very close to the earth's surface
8 terms
Science chapter 5 Volcanoes (Muncy)
Plate
Volcano
Lava
Magma
Large broken piece of Earth's crust
Amountain that forms in Earth's crust when molten material or…
When Magma reached the surface it is called ?
Lava begins as ....
Plate
Large broken piece of Earth's crust
Volcano
Amountain that forms in Earth's crust when molten material or…
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