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Study sets matching "science final chapter 4"

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Study sets matching "science final chapter 4"

Science Chapter 4 Energy
pitch
sound
frequency
volume
how high or low a sound it
energy in the form of vibrations passing through matter
number of waves that pass a point in a certain amount of time
a measure of how strong a sound seems to us
pitch
how high or low a sound it
sound
energy in the form of vibrations passing through matter
29 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 4
ecology
species
population
community
The study of how organisms interact with each other and their…
group of organisms that interbreed and produce fertile offspr…
members of a species that live in the same area
all populations in a specific area
ecology
The study of how organisms interact with each other and their…
species
group of organisms that interbreed and produce fertile offspr…
8 terms
chapter 4 vocab (science)
atmosphere
water vapor
troposphere
stratosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding earth.
is water in its gaseous form.
the atmospheric layer closes to earths surface
the atmospheric layer directly above the troposphere
atmosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding earth.
water vapor
is water in its gaseous form.
15 terms
Science Chapter 4
biosphere
ecosystem
ecology
population
the part of the Earth that supports life
all of the organisms living in an area, as well as all of the…
the study of interactions that occur among organisms and thei…
made up of all of the same species that live in an area at th…
biosphere
the part of the Earth that supports life
ecosystem
all of the organisms living in an area, as well as all of the…
15 terms
Science - Chapter 4
producer
ecosystem
consumer
habitat
living things that make their own food
all living and nonliving things in an environment and how the…
living things that eat other living things
area where an organism lives in an ecosystem
producer
living things that make their own food
ecosystem
all living and nonliving things in an environment and how the…
11 terms
Science-- Chapter 4
sexual reproduction
gene
heredity
alleles
a cell containing genetic material from the mother and a cell…
a unit of heredity that occupies a specific location on a chr…
the passing of genes from parents to offspring
various (different) forms of the same genes
sexual reproduction
a cell containing genetic material from the mother and a cell…
gene
a unit of heredity that occupies a specific location on a chr…
19 terms
Chapter 4 Science
Solid
Crystalline Solid
Amorphous Solid
Liquid
The particles are packed close together. Has definite shape a…
When heated, melts at a distinct temperature. Also has a regu…
When heated, does not melt, just becomes softer. Particles do…
Has a definite volume, but no shape of its own
Solid
The particles are packed close together. Has definite shape a…
Crystalline Solid
When heated, melts at a distinct temperature. Also has a regu…
13 terms
Science Chapter 4 Review
Ocean
Oceanographer
70%
Dirt, rocks, and volcanoes
large body of salt water
someone who studies the ocean
the amount of the earth that oceans cover
where the ocean gets its saltiness
Ocean
large body of salt water
Oceanographer
someone who studies the ocean
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
Dalton's Theory
nucleus
Subatomic Particles
proton
All matter is made up of individual particles, called atoms,…
the central core of the atom
Three types of tiny particles that make up an atom
one of the POSITIVELY charged particles in an atom's nucleus
Dalton's Theory
All matter is made up of individual particles, called atoms,…
nucleus
the central core of the atom
13 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
sere
secondary succession
softwood
topography
stage succession
series of events
Bears Cones
mountains, valleys, rivers
sere
stage succession
secondary succession
series of events
9 terms
Science - Chapter 4
valence electron
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
ion
1. electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using dots
the force that holds two atoms together
An atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged.
valence electron
1. electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
electron dot diagram
representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using dots
19 terms
Science 4 chapter 4
gravity
energy
force
friction
the force that pulls objects toward the earth
the ability to do work
a push or a pull
the force that resist the movements of objects against each o…
gravity
the force that pulls objects toward the earth
energy
the ability to do work
18 terms
Life Science Chapter 4
adaptation
camouflage
variation
extinction
A feature that helps a living thing survive in its environment.
A color or shape makes a living thing hard to see.
A different form of a feature of the same kind of living thing.
The complete loss of one kind of living thing.
adaptation
A feature that helps a living thing survive in its environment.
camouflage
A color or shape makes a living thing hard to see.
30 terms
BJU Science 5 Chapter 4
energy
potential energy
kinetic energy
potential
the ability to do work
stored energy; the energy that an object or substance has bec…
the energy that an object or substance has because of its mot…
A roller coaster at the top of the track has ________________…
energy
the ability to do work
potential energy
stored energy; the energy that an object or substance has bec…
50 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4
weathering
erosion
physical weathering and chemical weath…
ice wedging
the break down of rocks by natural forces
the carrying away of rock fragments, such as by wind or runni…
the 2 general types of weathering
a type of weathering that occurs when rainwater soaks into cr…
weathering
the break down of rocks by natural forces
erosion
the carrying away of rock fragments, such as by wind or runni…
27 terms
Holt Science& Technology: Life Science - Chapter 4: The Cell in Action
Homeostasis
Concentration
Concentration Gradient
Hypotonic
a living thing's ability to maintain a stable internal enviro…
amount per unit of volume
a difference in concentrations between two regions (must exis…
water moves into cell, cell will expand
Homeostasis
a living thing's ability to maintain a stable internal enviro…
Concentration
amount per unit of volume
11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
mixture
heterogeneous mixture
homogeneous mixture
colloid
matter that consists of two or more substances mixed together…
a mixture that does not appear to be the same throughout
a mixture that appears to be the same throughout
a homogeneous mixture with particles permanently suspended
mixture
matter that consists of two or more substances mixed together…
heterogeneous mixture
a mixture that does not appear to be the same throughout
20 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 4
Climate
Layers of Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Most of the N2, O2 and H2O vapor is here. Densest Layer of At…
Less dense. Ozone is formed here. Blocks UV radiation
Climate
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Layers of Atmosphere
Science 6 Chapter 4
Organism
Life Span or Life Cycle
Environments
Energy
A complete living thing.
The process of birth, growth, reproduction, and death.
A living things surroundings.
The ability to do work.
Organism
A complete living thing.
Life Span or Life Cycle
The process of birth, growth, reproduction, and death.
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Motion
Speed
Speed equation
average speed
instantaneous speed
describes how quickly an object moves, calculated by dividing…
the total distance divided by the total time for a trip.
the actual speed of a moving object at any moment
Speed
describes how quickly an object moves, calculated by dividing…
Speed equation
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Ion
Bond
Valence Electron
Formula
A charged atom
When two or more atoms combine to form a new substance
The electrons in the outermost shell (main energy level) of a…
a combination of symbols that shows the ratio of elements in…
Ion
A charged atom
Bond
When two or more atoms combine to form a new substance
13 terms
Chapter 4- Science
sound
pitch
frequency
volume
energy in the form of vibrations passing through matter
how high or low a sound is
number of waves that pass a point in a certain amount of time
a measure of how strong a sound seems to us
sound
energy in the form of vibrations passing through matter
pitch
how high or low a sound is
10 terms
Earth Science, Chapter 4
rock cycle
rock
erosion
deposition
process in which a rock forms, changes from one type to anoth…
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals O…
wind, water, ice, or gravity transport soil and sediment form…
process in which material is laid down
rock cycle
process in which a rock forms, changes from one type to anoth…
rock
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals O…
6 terms
Chapter 4-Science Vocab.
woodland forest
rain forest
desert
Arctic
a habitat that gets enough rain and sunlight for trees to gro…
a habitat where it rains almost every day
a dry habitat that gets very little rain
a desert near the North Pole; it's a very cold place
woodland forest
a habitat that gets enough rain and sunlight for trees to gro…
rain forest
a habitat where it rains almost every day
7 terms
Science: Chapter 4
Producer
Consumer
Herbivore
Carnivore
A living thing that makes food.
A living thing that eats food.
A consumer that eats only plants.
A consumer that eats only animals.
Producer
A living thing that makes food.
Consumer
A living thing that eats food.
52 terms
Science 4 Chapter 4
habitat
crest
field marks
conductor
a particular area where an animal lives, such as a meadow, sw…
a group of feathers on a bird's head
distinctive markings which help in recognizing specific plant…
a substance which carries heat to other objects
habitat
a particular area where an animal lives, such as a meadow, sw…
crest
a group of feathers on a bird's head
24 terms
BJU Physical Science - Chapter 4
mechanics
kinematics
dynamics
statics
modern study of motion
the description of HOW things move
the description of WHAT causes things to move
the description of how stationary objects react to pushes and…
mechanics
modern study of motion
kinematics
the description of HOW things move
21 terms
Life Science: Chapter 4 Cells
cell
cell membrane
organelle
nucleus
the basic structural and functional of all living organisms
the barrier in all cells
structures that have specific jobs inside cells
a type of organelle that stores DNA
cell
the basic structural and functional of all living organisms
cell membrane
the barrier in all cells
12 terms
Science Chapter 4
Producer
Consumer
Herbivore
Carnivore
A living thing that makes its own food.
A living thing that eats food.
A consumer that eats only plants.
A consumer that eats only animals.
Producer
A living thing that makes its own food.
Consumer
A living thing that eats food.
25 terms
Chapter 4 Science
the cell theory
microscope
a tissue
cell membrane
living things are made of cells. Cells can function as indivi…
a ---- uses lenses to magnify objects, such as cells, hundred…
a group of cells working together is called?
the --- provides the external boundary for cell
the cell theory
living things are made of cells. Cells can function as indivi…
microscope
a ---- uses lenses to magnify objects, such as cells, hundred…
67 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 4
Climate
Layers of Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Most of the N2, O2 and H2O vapor is here. Densest Layer of At…
Less dense. Ozone is formed here. Blocks UV radiation
Climate
Average weather that occurs in a region over a long period.
Layers of Atmosphere
11 terms
Chapter 4 Science
atom
matter
molecule
physical property
the smallest piece of an element
anything that has mass and takes up space
when two or more atoms join together
a characteristic of matter that can be observed without chang…
atom
the smallest piece of an element
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
11 terms
Science chapter 4
kinetic energy
potential energy
power
mechanical energy
the energy an object has because of its motion
stored energy
the rate at which work is done
the form of energy associated with an object's motion, positi…
kinetic energy
the energy an object has because of its motion
potential energy
stored energy
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 vocabulary
Boyle's Law
solution
mixture
plasma
for a fixed amount of gas at a constant temperature, the volu…
a homogeneous mixture of two or more pure substances.
a sustance that can be separated physically
a state of matter that makes up 99% of the particles in the u…
Boyle's Law
for a fixed amount of gas at a constant temperature, the volu…
solution
a homogeneous mixture of two or more pure substances.
33 terms
Science, Chapter 4
asthenes
litho
seismos
sphaira
weak
stone
earthquake
sphere
asthenes
weak
litho
stone
44 terms
Chapter 4 Physical Science: Atoms
electron
nucleus
atom
Democritus
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
Center of an atom
Smallest particle of an element
Greek philosopher that said all matter is made of tiny partic…
electron
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
nucleus
Center of an atom
28 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 4 - Energy
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
mechanical energy
the ability to do work or cause change
the energy of a MOVING object
stored energy due to the position of an object
energy associated with motion and position of an object. ME =…
energy
the ability to do work or cause change
kinetic energy
the energy of a MOVING object
19 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 4
Geology
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
the study of planet earth, its structure and how it has chang…
center of earth, made of SOLID iron and nickel
surrounds the inner core, this is LIQUID iron and nickel
the thickest layer of the earth - it is mostly iron, silicon…
Geology
the study of planet earth, its structure and how it has chang…
Inner Core
center of earth, made of SOLID iron and nickel
11 terms
Science - Chapter 4
chemical weathering
physical weathering
igneous
sedimentary
the changing of the make-up of a rock by acid
the breaking of a rock by physical forces such as extreme tem…
this type of rock is formed from the cooling of magma; exampl…
this type of rock is formed by sediment that is pressed toget…
chemical weathering
the changing of the make-up of a rock by acid
physical weathering
the breaking of a rock by physical forces such as extreme tem…
21 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocab
Photosynthesis
Cell Wall
Cellulose
Chloroplast
The process by which plants and some other organisms capture…
The boundary that surrounds the cell membrane in some cells.
A chemical that makes the cell walls of plants rigid and stro…
The structure of plant cells in which food is made.
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants and some other organisms capture…
Cell Wall
The boundary that surrounds the cell membrane in some cells.
32 terms
Science Chapter 4
Plants
Internal and external features
Spiders and ladybugs
Kingdom
are classified by the presence or absence of vascular tissue
how scientists classify organisms
members of the arthropod group
the largest level of the animal classification system
Plants
are classified by the presence or absence of vascular tissue
Internal and external features
how scientists classify organisms
38 terms
Science Chapter 4
Silver
Mineralogist
It is liquid at room temperature.
Diamond
The best conductor of electricity.
Person who studies minerals.
What is unique about mercury? (No other metal has this proper…
Hardest of all natural substances.
Silver
The best conductor of electricity.
Mineralogist
Person who studies minerals.
Science 8 Chapter 4
geology
Charles Lyell
Henry Morris
moon
_____________means the study of the earth
The "Father of Geology"
Helped John Whitcomb write the book"The Genesis Flood" that r…
The lesser light to rule the earth
geology
_____________means the study of the earth
Charles Lyell
The "Father of Geology"
12 terms
Behavioral Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Macrosociology
Microsociology
Status
Ascribed Status
Big scale Sociology, groups interacting with groups
Small Scale Sociology, Individuals interacting with Individuals
A description of your position in society and expected roles…
A status given at birth, not chosen (Ex. Male, white, son)
Macrosociology
Big scale Sociology, groups interacting with groups
Microsociology
Small Scale Sociology, Individuals interacting with Individuals
11 terms
Science Chapter 4
horizon
rotate
axis
sphere
imaginary line where land meets the sky
to turn in place
imaginary line through the center of a spinning object
ball shape
horizon
imaginary line where land meets the sky
rotate
to turn in place
12 terms
Science Chapter 4 ecosystems
ecosystem
habitat
population
producer
all the living and nonliving things in an environment and the…
area or place where an organism lives in an ecosystem
all the members of one species that live within an area of an…
living thing that makes its own food
ecosystem
all the living and nonliving things in an environment and the…
habitat
area or place where an organism lives in an ecosystem
18 terms
Science Chapter 4 vocabulary
benthic zone
biome
canopy
chaparral
bottom of a body of water. inhabited by decomposers, insect l…
regions that have distinctive climates and organisms that con…
in a forest the covering of tall trees whose intertwining bra…
coastal biome with low lying vegetation
benthic zone
bottom of a body of water. inhabited by decomposers, insect l…
biome
regions that have distinctive climates and organisms that con…
15 terms
Science Chapter 4
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
mitochondria
predator
process that plants use to make sugar for food
when cells break down sugar
cell power producers
animal that hunts and eats other animals
photosynthesis
process that plants use to make sugar for food
cellular respiration
when cells break down sugar
11 terms
Science Chapter 4
metamorphosis
life cycle
life span
reproduction
a change in body form during development
stages of growth from early stages to adult
how long an an organism is expected to live
the making of offspring
metamorphosis
a change in body form during development
life cycle
stages of growth from early stages to adult
60 terms
BJU Science 6 Chapter 4
Organism
Life Span or Life Cycle
Environments
Energy
A complete living thing.
The process of birth, growth, reproduction, and death.
A living things surroundings.
The ability to do work.
Organism
A complete living thing.
Life Span or Life Cycle
The process of birth, growth, reproduction, and death.
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