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Study sets matching "science final"

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Study sets matching "science final"

21 terms
Science
Position
Reference point
When a position will change
Two dimensions
Objects distance in a certain direction from a reference point
A good choice for something that is easy to find
If the reference point changes
When you describe position using two directions
Position
Objects distance in a certain direction from a reference point
Reference point
A good choice for something that is easy to find
25 terms
science
anti
pod
arth
life
against
foot
joint
bio
anti
against
pod
foot
11 terms
science
simple machine
lever
pulley
inclined plane
makes work easier to do
a bar that tilts an object called a pivot or fulcrum
a wheel with a groove in its rim in which a rope is placed
a sloped, flat surface
simple machine
makes work easier to do
lever
a bar that tilts an object called a pivot or fulcrum
8 terms
Science
Atmosphere
Air pressure
Gravity
In warm dry places, ocean water turns…
The blanket of air that surrounds earth is its______.
The pushing force of air is called_____
Pulling force that keeps us on the ground.
Why is ocean water saltier in warmer areas, and less salty in…
Atmosphere
The blanket of air that surrounds earth is its______.
Air pressure
The pushing force of air is called_____
Science
Free Body Diagram
Mass
Weight
Counteract
used to show the relative magnitude and direction of all forc…
Amount of Matter in an object.
The force of gravity on an object.
Is the Force of something.
Free Body Diagram
used to show the relative magnitude and direction of all forc…
Mass
Amount of Matter in an object.
10 terms
science
digestive syatem
esophagus
stomach
pancreas
the organs that break down food so that is can be used by the…
a long, straight tube that connects the pharynx to the stomach.
the sac-like, digestive organ between the esophagus and the s…
the organ that lies behind the stomach and that makes digesti…
digestive syatem
the organs that break down food so that is can be used by the…
esophagus
a long, straight tube that connects the pharynx to the stomach.
24 terms
Science
Wave
Mechanical wave
Diffraction
Vibration
A disturbance that transfers energy from one place to another…
A wave,such as a sound wave or an earthquake wave, that trans…
The spreading out of waves as they pass through an opening or…
A rapid , back and forth motion
Wave
A disturbance that transfers energy from one place to another…
Mechanical wave
A wave,such as a sound wave or an earthquake wave, that trans…
8 terms
Science
mixture
separate
solution
dissove
when you put two or more materials together
to be taken apart
when a solid material disappears in a mixture with water
disappear
mixture
when you put two or more materials together
separate
to be taken apart
20 terms
Science
genetics
genetics
heredity
Mendel
the study of heredity
What is the study of how traits are passed?
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
studied heredity using pea plants
genetics
the study of heredity
genetics
What is the study of how traits are passed?
41 terms
Science
electrical
chemical
Gravitational
Heat
The movement of electrically charged particles produces elect…
Chemical energy is stored in the bonds of molecules. This is…
Gravitational energy is the attraction between tow objects. T…
Heat energy is created in the movement of atoms. Boiling wate…
electrical
The movement of electrically charged particles produces elect…
chemical
Chemical energy is stored in the bonds of molecules. This is…
8 terms
Science
resources
renewable resources
nonrenewable resources
fossil fuel
any supply that will need a need
a resources that can be repleaced in a reasonable amount of t…
a resources that can't be replaced on the time scale of human…
energy source formed from the remaind of once living things f…
resources
any supply that will need a need
renewable resources
a resources that can be repleaced in a reasonable amount of t…
8 terms
Science
Element
Atom
Chemical property
Chemical change
The basic substances that make up all matter;... A substance tha…
A tiny particle of matter;the smallest part of an element tha…
A property that describes how the atom of one substance react…
A change the produces new substances with new physical proper…
Element
The basic substances that make up all matter;... A substance tha…
Atom
A tiny particle of matter;the smallest part of an element tha…
10 terms
Science
Electricity
Electromagnet
Static electricity
Electricity current
A form of energy produced by moving electrons
A magnet made by coiling a wire around a piece of iron and ru…
The buildup on charges on an object
The flow of electrons
Electricity
A form of energy produced by moving electrons
Electromagnet
A magnet made by coiling a wire around a piece of iron and ru…
14 terms
Science
Scienctific method
Hypothesis
Experiment
Dependent variable
Pattern of investigating procedures
Possible explanation for a problem
Test the effect of one thing
Changes according to other variables
Scienctific method
Pattern of investigating procedures
Hypothesis
Possible explanation for a problem
11 terms
Science
Nosepiece
Objective lenses
Stage
Diaphragm
Holds the objective lenses; rotates to enable changing magnif…
Used in combination with the eyepiece to provide a range of m…
Supports the slides
Wheel or lever that adjusts amount of light that passes throu…
Nosepiece
Holds the objective lenses; rotates to enable changing magnif…
Objective lenses
Used in combination with the eyepiece to provide a range of m…
Science
Observation
Infrence
Quantitative Observation
Qualitative Observation
Using your 5 senses to understand things around you, begins a…
conclusions based on observation
An observation that describes using numbers or measurements
An observation that describes using your 5 senses. It also us…
Observation
Using your 5 senses to understand things around you, begins a…
Infrence
conclusions based on observation
9 terms
science
Scientific Inquiry
Variables
Data
Controlled Experiment
diverse ways that scientists study the natural world.
factors that can change an experiment
facts, figures and other evidence gathered through observation
experiment in which only one variable is changed at a time
Scientific Inquiry
diverse ways that scientists study the natural world.
Variables
factors that can change an experiment
9 terms
science
inclined plane
simple machine
work
power
A flat surface set at an angle or an incline with no moving p…
Any of various elementary mechanisms including the lever, the…
Force x Distance
Amount of work done, or the amount of energy transferred, in…
inclined plane
A flat surface set at an angle or an incline with no moving p…
simple machine
Any of various elementary mechanisms including the lever, the…
11 terms
Science
cell
tissue
organ
system
basic unit of all living things
a group of the same kind of cells that work together to do th…
a group of different tissues that join together into one stru…
a set of things that work together as a whole
cell
basic unit of all living things
tissue
a group of the same kind of cells that work together to do th…
13 terms
Science
Nutrition
Ingestion
Digestion
Extra-cellular Digestion
The taking of materials and preparing them for their use
The taking in of food
The breakdown of large molecules into small molecules
Occurs outside the cells
Nutrition
The taking of materials and preparing them for their use
Ingestion
The taking in of food
Science
Atom
Electron
Proton
Neutron
Atom
Electron
9 terms
science
conversion factor
dimensional analysis
significant digit
graph
a ratio of equivalent measurements used to convert a quantity…
A technique of problem-solving that uses the units that are p…
The digits in a decimal number that carry meaning contributin…
A diagram showing the relation between variable quantities, t…
conversion factor
a ratio of equivalent measurements used to convert a quantity…
dimensional analysis
A technique of problem-solving that uses the units that are p…
19 terms
Science
cell membrane
mitochondria
cell wall
golgie bodies
protective layer around the cell
where energy and food is stored within the cell
protects a plant cell
stacked, flattened membranes-pack substances into membrane-bo…
cell membrane
protective layer around the cell
mitochondria
where energy and food is stored within the cell
13 terms
science
is the picture in figure 113 p. 351 sh…
the ---- in the hen and chicks plant g…
------ reproduction does not always re…
the two generations that plants go thr…
asexually
chicks
sexual
haploid and diploid
is the picture in figure 113 p. 351 sh…
asexually
the ---- in the hen and chicks plant g…
chicks
15 terms
Science
Transparent
Translucent
Opague
Transverse Wave
Able to see through
Lets some light show (a little see through)
Material that blocks light
A wave vibrating at right angles
Transparent
Able to see through
Translucent
Lets some light show (a little see through)
46 terms
science
chemical
physical
minerals
mineral
a solid, natural, inorganic solid, that has a characteristic…
orderly internal structure, and a characteristic set of ____…
a ruby, gold nugget, and a grain of salt all look very differ…
salt is a ___
chemical
a solid, natural, inorganic solid, that has a characteristic…
physical
orderly internal structure, and a characteristic set of ____…
Science
Meters
liters
Grams
Celsius
Metric unit of length measurement equal to 39.37 inches.
A metric measure of volume or capacity
Metric unit of weight equal to one thousandth of a kilogram
A scale used to measure temperature in which the freezing poi…
Meters
Metric unit of length measurement equal to 39.37 inches.
liters
A metric measure of volume or capacity
17 terms
Science
Cell
Solar energy
Food chain
Producer
The basic unit that makes up all living things
Energy that comes from the sun
The path that energy takes through a community as one living…
A plant that produces its own food
Cell
The basic unit that makes up all living things
Solar energy
Energy that comes from the sun
21 terms
Science
Magnetic field
The mantle had a much greater volume t…
Core
Asthenosphere
Element boron is found in all layers of the mantle and it is…
The model is 3 dimensional and spherical and the result makes…
Central part of the earth
Upper mantle and simplistic
Magnetic field
Element boron is found in all layers of the mantle and it is…
The mantle had a much greater volume t…
The model is 3 dimensional and spherical and the result makes…
19 terms
Science
Bacteriophage
capsid
host cell
lysogenic cycle
A virus that infects bacteria
Outer protein coat of a virus
Living cell in which a virus can actively multiply or in whic…
a viral reproductive cycle in which the viral DNA is added to…
Bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacteria
capsid
Outer protein coat of a virus
18 terms
Science
Weather
Humidity
Relative humidity
Condensation
The short-term state of the atmosphere, including temperature…
The amount of water vapor in the air
The ratio of the amount of water vapor in the air to the maxi…
The change of state from a gas to a liquid
Weather
The short-term state of the atmosphere, including temperature…
Humidity
The amount of water vapor in the air
25 terms
Science
Synthesis
Decomposition
Single replacement
Double replacement
Two or more elements combining to make a more complex statement
Breaks down compounds into similar products
One element replaces another in a compound
Two elements in different compounds trade places
Synthesis
Two or more elements combining to make a more complex statement
Decomposition
Breaks down compounds into similar products
20 terms
science
organism
cell
divide
unicellular
a living thing
the smallest unit of living things that can carry out the bas…
cells ____________ or split into two new cells
one-celled organism make of a single cell that carries out it…
organism
a living thing
cell
the smallest unit of living things that can carry out the bas…
10 terms
science
observation
inference
prediction
Question
using 5 senses to gain information
conclusion made from experience and text evidence
educated guess of what will happen ( you will find out the an…
What do you want to learn or find out
observation
using 5 senses to gain information
inference
conclusion made from experience and text evidence
14 terms
SCIENCE
photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
pigments
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2... A process used by plant…
An organism that makes its own food
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
Colored chemical compounds that absorb light
photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2... A process used by plant…
autotroph
An organism that makes its own food
54 terms
science
absorption
asteroids
comets
conclusion
the taking in of light, heat, and sound
large rocks found between Mars and Jupiter that orbit the sun
dirty snowballs that orbit the sun in an ellipitical orbit
Restating your hypothesis
absorption
the taking in of light, heat, and sound
asteroids
large rocks found between Mars and Jupiter that orbit the sun
32 terms
Science
Biotic
Abiotic
Symbiosis
Mutualism
A living or once living organism.
A non living organism that has never lived.
A relationship between 2 organisms that lasts over time.
A relationship between 2 organisms that lasts over time in wh…
Biotic
A living or once living organism.
Abiotic
A non living organism that has never lived.
34 terms
Science
Nucleus
Electro magnetics
Bonds
Scientific law
Proutons & neutrons are found in this part of an atom
The force that holds the nucleus of an atom together
Energy released during a chemical reaction that comes between…
A rule that describes a pattern in nature
Nucleus
Proutons & neutrons are found in this part of an atom
Electro magnetics
The force that holds the nucleus of an atom together
44 terms
Science
Static electricity
Current electricity
Circuit
Conductor
Static electricity occurs when electrical charges build up on…
Current electricity is the flow of electrons around a circuit…
A circuit is a continuous unbroken path through which electri…
A conductor is a material that allows electricity to flow thr…
Static electricity
Static electricity occurs when electrical charges build up on…
Current electricity
Current electricity is the flow of electrons around a circuit…
32 terms
science
chemical energy
calorie
thermal energy
temperture
A form of potential energy that is stored in chemical bonds b…
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
The kinetic energy of a substance's atoms.... Energy in the form…
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
chemical energy
A form of potential energy that is stored in chemical bonds b…
calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
28 terms
Science
rotation
causes day and night(24Hr)
revolution
takes 365days/1 year
the spinning of earth on its axis
rotation spinning
movement of earth around the sun
revolution movement
rotation
the spinning of earth on its axis
causes day and night(24Hr)
rotation spinning
51 terms
science
Newton's 1st Law
Newton's 2nd Law
Newton's 3rd Law
Speed
the Law of Inertia - an object at rest will stay at rest and…
the Law of Proportionality - f=ma
the Law of Interaction - for every action there is an equal a…
a measure of how far an object moves in a certain time period
Newton's 1st Law
the Law of Inertia - an object at rest will stay at rest and…
Newton's 2nd Law
the Law of Proportionality - f=ma
47 terms
Science
Air pressure
Atmosphere
Biosphere
Cirrus clouds
A force that is the result of the weight of a column of air p…
A layer of gases surrounding our planet
Part of earth where life exist
Are thin wispy and form high in the sky. They appear before a…
Air pressure
A force that is the result of the weight of a column of air p…
Atmosphere
A layer of gases surrounding our planet
24 terms
science
Wave
Energy
Medium
Mechanical wave
A disturbance on the surface of a liquid body
The ability to do work
The material through which a wave travels
A wave that requires a medium through which to travel.
Wave
A disturbance on the surface of a liquid body
Energy
The ability to do work
55 terms
Science
16 terms
Science
Geo
-logy
Astr
Seismo
Earth
Study of
Space
Earthquake
Geo
Earth
-logy
Study of
14 terms
Science
Mineral
Rock
Cleavage
Fracture
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
the solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the…
The way a mineral breaks
fracture is the texture and shape of a rock's surface formed…
Mineral
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
Rock
the solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the…
Science
Weather
Climate
Atmosphere
Nitrogen
Condition of earths atmosphere at particular time or place.
Average weather over a long period or time.
Layer of gasses that surround the earth
78%(bacteria convert it into nitrates, plants taken in nutrie…
Weather
Condition of earths atmosphere at particular time or place.
Climate
Average weather over a long period or time.
8 terms
science
solar energy
humus
solar cells
ore
the energy transedformed from sunlight
a dark brown part of soil that is made up of decomposed plant…
the electric cells that convert the sun's energy
a mineral rich rock deposit that can be removed from earths c…
solar energy
the energy transedformed from sunlight
humus
a dark brown part of soil that is made up of decomposed plant…
SCIENCE
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
telephase
- spindle fibers form... - DNA already duplicated into chromosom…
- chromosomes form into a line by spindles... - nucleus is gone
- chromosomes are separated and taken to different sides of t…
- chromosomes begin to become indistinct ... - aster and spindle…
prophase
- spindle fibers form... - DNA already duplicated into chromosom…
metaphase
- chromosomes form into a line by spindles... - nucleus is gone
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