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Study sets matching "science flashcards"

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Study sets matching "science flashcards"

10 terms
Science Flashcards
Uniformitarianism
Erosion
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
A principle that states the geologic processes that operate t…
the process of wearing down and carrying away rocks, includes…
the process that breaks down rocks and other substances by he…
weathering in which rock is physically broken into smaller pi…
Uniformitarianism
A principle that states the geologic processes that operate t…
Erosion
the process of wearing down and carrying away rocks, includes…
17 terms
science flashcards
polymer
fullerene
alcohol
unsaturated hydrocarbon
a compound of high molecular weight derived either by the add…
any of a class of molecules of carbon having a roughliy spher…
any class of chemicaly compounds having the general formula r…
a hydrocarbon in which one or more of the bonds between carbo…
polymer
a compound of high molecular weight derived either by the add…
fullerene
any of a class of molecules of carbon having a roughliy spher…
24 terms
Science Flashcards
stable electron cofiurations
electron dot diagram
ionic bonds
ions
when the highest occupied energy level of an atom if filled w…
a model of an atom where each dot represents a valence electr…
elements become stable through the transfer of electrons.... For…
an atom that has a net positive or negative electric charge
stable electron cofiurations
when the highest occupied energy level of an atom if filled w…
electron dot diagram
a model of an atom where each dot represents a valence electr…
11 terms
Science flashcards
independent variable
dependent variable
constant variables
scientific method
the one part of the experiment that is changed by the experim…
the part of the experiment that changes because something was…
the parts of the experiment that stays the same
the process that is used to solve problems
independent variable
the one part of the experiment that is changed by the experim…
dependent variable
the part of the experiment that changes because something was…
11 terms
Science Flashcards
Hypothesis
Observation
Experiment
Variable
Is a statement of what you think will happen during an invest…
Is something you find out about objects ,events,or living thi…
Is the use of scientific methods to test your hypothesis.
Is something that can change in a test.
Hypothesis
Is a statement of what you think will happen during an invest…
Observation
Is something you find out about objects ,events,or living thi…
30 terms
science flashcards
identify the problem
research
form a hypothesis
experiment/test the hypothesis
#1 in scientific method, uses observations and inferences
#2 in scientific method, prior knowledge or study before expe…
#3 in scientific method, educated guess
#4 in scientific method, independent and dependent variables
identify the problem
#1 in scientific method, uses observations and inferences
research
#2 in scientific method, prior knowledge or study before expe…
science Flashcards
matter
mass
volume
weight
physical substance in general, as distinct from mind and spir…
a body of coherent matter, usually of indefinite shape and of…
a collection of written or printed sheets bound together and…
amount of quantity of heaviness or mass, amount a thing weighs
matter
physical substance in general, as distinct from mind and spir…
mass
a body of coherent matter, usually of indefinite shape and of…
9 terms
Science flashcards
Plateau
Topography
Elevation
Relif
A landform that has high elevation and a more or less level s…
The shape of the land
The height above sea level of a point on Earth's surface
The difference in elevation between the highest and the lowes…
Plateau
A landform that has high elevation and a more or less level s…
Topography
The shape of the land
17 terms
Science flashcards
States of matter
solid
liquid
gas
The physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, an…
Definite shape and volume
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume
States of matter
The physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, an…
solid
Definite shape and volume
15 terms
Science Flashcards
Life science
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Controlled Experiment
The study of living things.
A series of steps followed to solve problems.
An explanation based on research that can be tested.
A test that tests only one factor at a time by using a compar…
Life science
The study of living things.
Scientific Method
A series of steps followed to solve problems.
15 terms
science flashcards
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
active transport
to spread out from a high concentration to a low concentration
water spreading out or diffusing
moving from a high concentration to a low concentration witho…
moving requiring energy, mainly from a low concentration to a…
diffusion
to spread out from a high concentration to a low concentration
osmosis
water spreading out or diffusing
20 terms
Science Flashcards
Penis
Homologous Chromosomes
Diploid
Sexual Reproduction
The male sex reproductive of an offspring
Pairs of chromosomes that have the same genes in the same order
Cells paired with chromosomes
A type of reproductive in which the genetic information from…
Penis
The male sex reproductive of an offspring
Homologous Chromosomes
Pairs of chromosomes that have the same genes in the same order
Science FLASHCARDS
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Element
A state of matter that has a definite volume and a definite s…
A state of matter that has a definite volume but no definite…
A state of matter that has no definite shape or volume.
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
Solid
A state of matter that has a definite volume and a definite s…
Liquid
A state of matter that has a definite volume but no definite…
Science Flashcards
Energy (pg 102)
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
7 types of Energy
the ability to cause change
the energy of a object that is due to the object's motion
the energy a object has due to the position, condition or che…
Mechanical Energy - the sum of a object's potential and kinet…
Energy (pg 102)
the ability to cause change
Kinetic Energy
the energy of a object that is due to the object's motion
15 terms
Science Flashcards
cell wall
cell membrane
cytoplasm
mitochondria
surrounds cell membrane giving it its rigid structure, it hel…
protects the cell and regulates what substances enter and lea…
is a gel-like fluid in which many different organelles are fo…
energy is produced within these organelles (rod shaped)
cell wall
surrounds cell membrane giving it its rigid structure, it hel…
cell membrane
protects the cell and regulates what substances enter and lea…
31 terms
Science flashcards
Waves
Medium
Vibration
Transverse wave
A disturbance that transfers energy from place to place
The material through which a wave travels
A released back and forth or up and down motion
A wave that moves the medium in a direction perpendicular to…
Waves
A disturbance that transfers energy from place to place
Medium
The material through which a wave travels
Science Flashcards
Elements
Compounds
Mixture
Classification of Matter
They are molecules made of on type of atom... Ex. hydrogen molec…
They are identical molecules made of more than one type of at…
They are different molecules or elements together... Ex. a clean…
Elements
They are molecules made of on type of atom... Ex. hydrogen molec…
Compounds
They are identical molecules made of more than one type of at…
19 terms
science flashcards
binary fission
cancer
cell cycle
cell division
A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to f…
a disease that occurs when the cell cycle is no longer regula…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to f…
cancer
a disease that occurs when the cell cycle is no longer regula…
165 terms
Science Flashcards
Whats the matter
Democritus:
John Dalton:
John Joseph Thompson:
...
460 BC - Matter is made up of units that cannot be divided
1803 - Hard balls that cannot be split, but can join together…
1897 - Discovered electron. Believed that they were evenly di…
Whats the matter
...
Democritus:
460 BC - Matter is made up of units that cannot be divided
26 terms
Science Flashcards
Mixture
Trade off
Evidence
Toxic
two or more substances that can be separated
A compromise; balance between 2 decisions
information indicating whether a belief or proposition is tru…
Poisonous
Mixture
two or more substances that can be separated
Trade off
A compromise; balance between 2 decisions
12 terms
Science Flashcards
Matter
Product
Heat
Solid
The substance of which any physical object consists.
A substance obtained from another substance through chemical…
The state of a body perceived as having or generating a relat…
Relating to figures of three dimensions.
Matter
The substance of which any physical object consists.
Product
A substance obtained from another substance through chemical…
10 terms
Science Flashcards
Mitochondria
Animal Cell
Plant Cell
Cell Wall
Where respiration and energy occur within a cell.
This is a cell without a cell wall, but has a cell membrane.
This has a cell wall and a cell membrane.
This is the exterior of a plant cell, but animal cells do not…
Mitochondria
Where respiration and energy occur within a cell.
Animal Cell
This is a cell without a cell wall, but has a cell membrane.
22 terms
Science Flashcards
Absorb
Algae
Amoeba
Anatomy
To take in matter or energy
plant-like organisms in kingdom Protista; many are single-cel…
a kind of single-celled organism in kingdom Protista able to…
the structure of a living thing
Absorb
To take in matter or energy
Algae
plant-like organisms in kingdom Protista; many are single-cel…
57 terms
Flashcards for science
Observation
Inference
Repetition
Replication
Receiving information about the outside world through the sen…
is deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumi…
i repeating the same experiment multiple times to reduce the…
Performing an experiment that someone else has already perfor…
Observation
Receiving information about the outside world through the sen…
Inference
is deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumi…
18 terms
Science flashcards
Starch
Digestive enzyme
Peristalsis
Duodenum
A complex carbohydrate in which plants store energy.
The chief cells of the gastric glands secrete. It helps diges…
Involuntary waves of muscle contraction that keep food moving…
First part of the small intestine. It is where food is digest…
Starch
A complex carbohydrate in which plants store energy.
Digestive enzyme
The chief cells of the gastric glands secrete. It helps diges…
39 terms
Science Flashcards
anticline
fault plane
fault
footwall
upcurved fold in rock layers in which the oldest layer is in…
surface of a fault along which movement of rock occurs
break in rock along which rocks on either side of the break
in a nonvertical fault, the rock below the fault plane
anticline
upcurved fold in rock layers in which the oldest layer is in…
fault plane
surface of a fault along which movement of rock occurs
8 terms
Science flashcards
Phase
Waxing
Waning
Tide
The shape of the lit position of the moon as seen from earth
Getting larger
Getting smaller
A change in the surface level of earth's oceans caused by the…
Phase
The shape of the lit position of the moon as seen from earth
Waxing
Getting larger
8 terms
Science flashcards
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Chemical Energy
Compound
Alter the substance not the chemical structure of an substance
A change that rearranges the chemical structure of substances…
A form of potential energy held in the bonds of atoms and mol…
A combination of 2 or mor different kind of atoms bonded toge…
Physical Change
Alter the substance not the chemical structure of an substance
Chemical Change
A change that rearranges the chemical structure of substances…
9 terms
Science Flashcards
Respiration
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
Mitochondria
process by which plant and animal cells release energy for th…
process by which plant cells produce food
organelle in plant cells in which photosynthesis occurs
an organelle in plant and animal cells in which respiration o…
Respiration
process by which plant and animal cells release energy for th…
Photosynthesis
process by which plant cells produce food
60 terms
science Flashcards
chemical digestion
Testes
Ovaries
horomone
Chemical digestion is carried out by enzymes and chemicals. I…
The male sex cell
The female sex cell
chemical messengers
chemical digestion
Chemical digestion is carried out by enzymes and chemicals. I…
Testes
The male sex cell
24 terms
Science Flashcards
Atom
Compound
Covalent Bond
Electron
The basic unit of a chemical element.
A thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a…
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical…
A stable subatomic particle with a charge of negative electri…
Atom
The basic unit of a chemical element.
Compound
A thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a…
22 terms
Science Flashcards
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Ionosphere
Radiation
The atmospheres layer closest to the earths surface
the atmosphere layer directly above the tratosphere
The region within the mesosphere and the thermosphere that co…
Transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
Troposphere
The atmospheres layer closest to the earths surface
Stratosphere
the atmosphere layer directly above the tratosphere
24 terms
Science Flashcards
wave
energy
medium
mechanical wave
a disturbance that transfers energy from place to place.
the ability to do work
the material through which a wave travels
a wave that requires a medium through which to travel
wave
a disturbance that transfers energy from place to place.
energy
the ability to do work
24 terms
Science Flashcards
Mitochondria
Chloroplasts
Lysosomes
Golgi Body
The powerhouse of the cell.
The site of photosynthesis.
Suicide sacks, clean up waste in the cell.
Responsible for packaging protein for the cell.
Mitochondria
The powerhouse of the cell.
Chloroplasts
The site of photosynthesis.
14 terms
Science flashcards
mouth
saliva glands
teeth
esophagus
the opening in the lower part of the human face, surrounded b…
any of various glands that discharge a fluid secretion and es…
any of various similar or analogous processes occurring in th…
the part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to…
mouth
the opening in the lower part of the human face, surrounded b…
saliva glands
any of various glands that discharge a fluid secretion and es…
13 terms
flashcards science
geology
catastrophism
uniformitarianism
eras
Study of earth's physical structure and history
State's the natural disasters such as floods and volcanic eru…
the theory that changes in the earth's crust during geologica…
moment in time
geology
Study of earth's physical structure and history
catastrophism
State's the natural disasters such as floods and volcanic eru…
Science flashcards
Atom
Electron
Proton
Nucleus
basic unit of measure
negatively charged particles; located outside the atomic nucl…
A stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
The center of the atom which contains the... protons and neutron…
Atom
basic unit of measure
Electron
negatively charged particles; located outside the atomic nucl…
14 terms
Science flashcards
Matter
Atoms
Substance
Element
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Small particle building block of matter.
Matter with a composition that is always the same.
A substance that consists of 1type of atom.
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Atoms
Small particle building block of matter.
Science flashcards
variable
observation
inference
control group
something that can change in a test.
something you find out about objects,events,or living things…
a convludsion based on observations
a standard against which change is measured
variable
something that can change in a test.
observation
something you find out about objects,events,or living things…
Science flashcards
Bunsen burner
Ring stand
Pipestem triangle
Utility clamp
a small adjustable gas burner used in laboratories.
a metal stand consisting of a long upright rod attached to a…
A pipeclay triangle is a piece of laboratory apparatus that i…
Utility clamp is a laboratory apparatus resembling a pair of…
Bunsen burner
a small adjustable gas burner used in laboratories.
Ring stand
a metal stand consisting of a long upright rod attached to a…
7 terms
science flashcards
biosphere
atmosphere
hydrosphere
groundwater
the Earth system that contains all living things
a thin layer of gases surrounding Earth
the system containing all Earth's water
water that is stored in cracks and pours beneth Earths surface
biosphere
the Earth system that contains all living things
atmosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding Earth
16 terms
Science Flashcards
Mountain
Glacier
Plateau
Canyon
A large land form that stretches the surrounding land
Body of dense ice that moves under water by its own weight
An area of very high level ground
a deep ravine between pairs of cliffs
Mountain
A large land form that stretches the surrounding land
Glacier
Body of dense ice that moves under water by its own weight
Science Flashcards
Atom
Element
Molecule
Valence Electrons
Def; the basic unit of a chemical element ex. positive(ly cha…
Def; each of more than one hundred substances that cannot be…
Def; a group of atoms bonded together, representing the small…
Def; an electron that is associated with an atom, and that ca…
Atom
Def; the basic unit of a chemical element ex. positive(ly cha…
Element
Def; each of more than one hundred substances that cannot be…
10 terms
Science flashcards
Front
Climate
Global Winds
Convection Currents
The front of a body of moving air
Repeating weather patterns in an area
Air movement in the atmosphere around the world
A circulation of air heated from below and cooled from above
Front
The front of a body of moving air
Climate
Repeating weather patterns in an area
11 terms
science flashcards
cell wall
cell membrane
nucleus
organelle
is a rigid layer that surrounds the cells of plants and some…
controls which substances pass into and out of a cell
a large oval structure
many tiny cell structures
cell wall
is a rigid layer that surrounds the cells of plants and some…
cell membrane
controls which substances pass into and out of a cell
11 terms
Science flashcards
Element
Compound
Atom
Molecule
Pure substance that can't be separated into a simpler substan…
Pure substances composed of 2 or more different elements chem…
Smolest bean eva... Smallest basic unit
two or more atoms combined with a magnetic force.
Element
Pure substance that can't be separated into a simpler substan…
Compound
Pure substances composed of 2 or more different elements chem…
11 terms
Science Flashcards
Atmosphere
Air Pressure
Layers of the Atmosphere (5)
Infrared vs. Ultraviolet Radiation
A concoction of gases that surround a planet or a moon
The calculate amount of force which air molecules push on a s…
Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere
Infrared radiation can not be seen by humans but being able t…
Atmosphere
A concoction of gases that surround a planet or a moon
Air Pressure
The calculate amount of force which air molecules push on a s…
24 terms
science flashcards
amplitude
compression
crest
diffraction
The maximum distance the particles of a medium move away from…
the part of a longitudinal wave where the particles of the me…
the highest part of a transverse wave
the bending of waves as they move around the barrier or pass…
amplitude
The maximum distance the particles of a medium move away from…
compression
the part of a longitudinal wave where the particles of the me…
31 terms
Science Flashcards
Made of Cells
Cell
Respond to Stimuli
Stimulus
One of the 5 characteristics of life.
Membrane-covered structure that contains all of the materials…
One of the 5 characteristics of life.
A change that affects the activity of an organism.
Made of Cells
One of the 5 characteristics of life.
Cell
Membrane-covered structure that contains all of the materials…
SCIENCE FLASHCARDS
Crystal
Extrusive igneous rock
Geology
Igneous rocks
Solid that has a variety of special shapes.
Igneous rocks that form on the surface of the earth. Cools ra…
the study of rocks, thire history and the processes that form…
rocks formed from cooling magma. Uses for Igneous rocks consi…
Crystal
Solid that has a variety of special shapes.
Extrusive igneous rock
Igneous rocks that form on the surface of the earth. Cools ra…
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