Study sets matching "science flashcards"

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Study sets matching "science flashcards"

Science Flashcards
Uniformitarianism
Erosion
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
A principle that states the geologic processes that operate t…
the process of wearing down and carrying away rocks, includes…
the process that breaks down rocks and other substances by he…
weathering in which rock is physically broken into smaller pi…
Uniformitarianism
A principle that states the geologic processes that operate t…
Erosion
the process of wearing down and carrying away rocks, includes…
24 terms
Science Flashcards
stable electron cofiurations
electron dot diagram
ionic bonds
ions
when the highest occupied energy level of an atom if filled w…
a model of an atom where each dot represents a valence electr…
elements become stable through the transfer of electrons.... For…
an atom that has a net positive or negative electric charge
stable electron cofiurations
when the highest occupied energy level of an atom if filled w…
electron dot diagram
a model of an atom where each dot represents a valence electr…
science flashcards
polymer
fullerene
alcohol
unsaturated hydrocarbon
a compound of high molecular weight derived either by the add…
any of a class of molecules of carbon having a roughliy spher…
any class of chemicaly compounds having the general formula r…
a hydrocarbon in which one or more of the bonds between carbo…
polymer
a compound of high molecular weight derived either by the add…
fullerene
any of a class of molecules of carbon having a roughliy spher…
9 terms
Science flashcards
Plateau
Topography
Elevation
Relif
A landform that has high elevation and a more or less level s…
The shape of the land
The height above sea level of a point on Earth's surface
The difference in elevation between the highest and the lowes…
Plateau
A landform that has high elevation and a more or less level s…
Topography
The shape of the land
science flashcards
temperature
mass
volume
length
the amount of heat or cold being released by an object (therm…
amount of matter in an object(balance/kilogram)
the amount of space something occupics
the distance between two points
temperature
the amount of heat or cold being released by an object (therm…
mass
amount of matter in an object(balance/kilogram)
Science flashcards
Cell respiration
Circulation (transport)
Digestion (nutrition)
Excretion
The chemical process that generates most of the energy in the…
system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients
chemically, as by the action of enzymes, and converted into a…
in living organisms and cells the process of eliminating or e…
Cell respiration
The chemical process that generates most of the energy in the…
Circulation (transport)
system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients
Science Flashcards
Hypothesis
Observation
Experiment
Variable
Is a statement of what you think will happen during an invest…
Is something you find out about objects ,events,or living thi…
Is the use of scientific methods to test your hypothesis.
Is something that can change in a test.
Hypothesis
Is a statement of what you think will happen during an invest…
Observation
Is something you find out about objects ,events,or living thi…
15 terms
science flashcards
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
active transport
to spread out from a high concentration to a low concentration
water spreading out or diffusing
moving from a high concentration to a low concentration witho…
moving requiring energy, mainly from a low concentration to a…
diffusion
to spread out from a high concentration to a low concentration
osmosis
water spreading out or diffusing
Science Flashcards
Mixture
Trade off
Evidence
Toxic
two or more substances that can be separated
A compromise; balance between 2 decisions
information indicating whether a belief or proposition is tru…
Poisonous
Mixture
two or more substances that can be separated
Trade off
A compromise; balance between 2 decisions
science flashcards
identify the problem
research
form a hypothesis
experiment/test the hypothesis
#1 in scientific method, uses observations and inferences
#2 in scientific method, prior knowledge or study before expe…
#3 in scientific method, educated guess
#4 in scientific method, independent and dependent variables
identify the problem
#1 in scientific method, uses observations and inferences
research
#2 in scientific method, prior knowledge or study before expe…
Science flashcards
Physical tools
cyber tools
Materials of Technology
materials science
helpful objects that are used to do physical work
a computer tool that uses programs, or software, to do work
raw materials & modified materials from raw materials
modification & study of materials
Physical tools
helpful objects that are used to do physical work
cyber tools
a computer tool that uses programs, or software, to do work
6 terms
Science Flashcards
Active Transport
Cellular Respiration
Homeostasis
Scientific Model
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
A representation of an object or event that can be studied to…
Active Transport
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
Cellular Respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
20 terms
Science Flashcards
Penis
Homologous Chromosomes
Diploid
Sexual Reproduction
The male sex reproductive of an offspring
Pairs of chromosomes that have the same genes in the same order
Cells paired with chromosomes
A type of reproductive in which the genetic information from…
Penis
The male sex reproductive of an offspring
Homologous Chromosomes
Pairs of chromosomes that have the same genes in the same order
Science FLASHCARDS
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Element
A state of matter that has a definite volume and a definite s…
A state of matter that has a definite volume but no definite…
A state of matter that has no definite shape or volume.
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
Solid
A state of matter that has a definite volume and a definite s…
Liquid
A state of matter that has a definite volume but no definite…
Science flashcards
Waves
Medium
Vibration
Transverse wave
A disturbance that transfers energy from place to place
The material through which a wave travels
A released back and forth or up and down motion
A wave that moves the medium in a direction perpendicular to…
Waves
A disturbance that transfers energy from place to place
Medium
The material through which a wave travels
18 terms
Science flashcards
Starch
Digestive enzyme
Peristalsis
Duodenum
A complex carbohydrate in which plants store energy.
The chief cells of the gastric glands secrete. It helps diges…
Involuntary waves of muscle contraction that keep food moving…
First part of the small intestine. It is where food is digest…
Starch
A complex carbohydrate in which plants store energy.
Digestive enzyme
The chief cells of the gastric glands secrete. It helps diges…
15 terms
Science Flashcards
cell wall
cell membrane
cytoplasm
mitochondria
surrounds cell membrane giving it its rigid structure, it hel…
protects the cell and regulates what substances enter and lea…
is a gel-like fluid in which many different organelles are fo…
energy is produced within these organelles (rod shaped)
cell wall
surrounds cell membrane giving it its rigid structure, it hel…
cell membrane
protects the cell and regulates what substances enter and lea…
Science Flashcards
Elements
Compounds
Mixture
Classification of Matter
They are molecules made of on type of atom... Ex. hydrogen molec…
They are identical molecules made of more than one type of at…
They are different molecules or elements together... Ex. a clean…
Elements
They are molecules made of on type of atom... Ex. hydrogen molec…
Compounds
They are identical molecules made of more than one type of at…
Science Flashcards
Isaac Newton
Gravity
Newton's laws
Universal gravitation
The man who explained why it happened
A force that attracts all objects toward each other.
The laws of gravity
The law that states every object in the universe attracts eve…
Isaac Newton
The man who explained why it happened
Gravity
A force that attracts all objects toward each other.
science flashcards
binary fission
cancer
cell cycle
cell division
A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to f…
a disease that occurs when the cell cycle is no longer regula…
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to f…
cancer
a disease that occurs when the cell cycle is no longer regula…
165 terms
Science Flashcards
Whats the matter
Democritus:
John Dalton:
John Joseph Thompson:
...
460 BC - Matter is made up of units that cannot be divided
1803 - Hard balls that cannot be split, but can join together…
1897 - Discovered electron. Believed that they were evenly di…
Whats the matter
...
Democritus:
460 BC - Matter is made up of units that cannot be divided
24 terms
FLASHCARDS FOR SCIENCE
Al matter is made up of small particle…
the 3 basic states of matter are:
when heat is added,a solid can become…
A substance in a solid state has atoms…
atoms
solid,liquid and gas
true
packed close together
Al matter is made up of small particle…
atoms
the 3 basic states of matter are:
solid,liquid and gas
15 terms
Science Flashcards
Motion
Speed
Velocity
Acceleration
An object's change in position relative to a reference point
The distance traveled divided by the time interval during whi…
Velocity - Speed + Direction
Acceleration is the rate at which velocity changes... Positive A…
Motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point
Speed
The distance traveled divided by the time interval during whi…
62 terms
Science flashcards
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
One of the distinct forms that matter takes on. Four states o…
Firm and stable in shape; not liquid or fluid
The state of mater that has a definite volume, but not a defi…
A form of mater that doesn't have a definite volume or shape.
States of Matter
One of the distinct forms that matter takes on. Four states o…
Solid
Firm and stable in shape; not liquid or fluid
11 terms
Science flashcards
independent variable
dependent variable
constant variables
scientific method
the one part of the experiment that is changed by the experim…
the part of the experiment that changes because something was…
the parts of the experiment that stays the same
the process that is used to solve problems
independent variable
the one part of the experiment that is changed by the experim…
dependent variable
the part of the experiment that changes because something was…
22 terms
Science Flashcards
Absorb
Algae
Amoeba
Anatomy
To take in matter or energy
plant-like organisms in kingdom Protista; many are single-cel…
a kind of single-celled organism in kingdom Protista able to…
the structure of a living thing
Absorb
To take in matter or energy
Algae
plant-like organisms in kingdom Protista; many are single-cel…
Science Flashcards
anticline
fault plane
fault
footwall
upcurved fold in rock layers in which the oldest layer is in…
surface of a fault along which movement of rock occurs
break in rock along which rocks on either side of the break
in a nonvertical fault, the rock below the fault plane
anticline
upcurved fold in rock layers in which the oldest layer is in…
fault plane
surface of a fault along which movement of rock occurs
Science Flashcards
Life science
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Controlled Experiment
The study of living things.
A series of steps followed to solve problems.
An explanation based on research that can be tested.
A test that tests only one factor at a time by using a compar…
Life science
The study of living things.
Scientific Method
A series of steps followed to solve problems.
57 terms
Flashcards for science
Observation
Inference
Repetition
Replication
Receiving information about the outside world through the sen…
is deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumi…
i repeating the same experiment multiple times to reduce the…
Performing an experiment that someone else has already perfor…
Observation
Receiving information about the outside world through the sen…
Inference
is deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumi…
10 terms
Science flashcards
adaption
comparative anatomy
competition
evolution
Adaption is being able to find new ways to thrive and survive…
this is studying the similarities and differences in the anat…
this is the relationship between different kinds of species a…
this is the changing from gene to gene to be able to survive…
adaption
Adaption is being able to find new ways to thrive and survive…
comparative anatomy
this is studying the similarities and differences in the anat…
17 terms
Science flashcards
States of matter
solid
liquid
gas
The physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, an…
Definite shape and volume
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume
States of matter
The physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, an…
solid
Definite shape and volume
Science flashcards
Atom
Theory
Democritus' Theory
Dalton's Theory
The smallest particle into which an element can be divided an…
A generally accepted idea which is supported through testing.
The first to suggest atoms existed. Atoms are small hard part…
All substances are made of atoms. Atoms are small particles t…
Atom
The smallest particle into which an element can be divided an…
Theory
A generally accepted idea which is supported through testing.
Science flashcards
Solution
Mixture
Solute
Solvent
a liquid mixture in which the minor component (the solute) is…
a substance made by mixing other substances together.
A substance dissolved in another substance, usually the compo…
the solution, liquid, or gas part of the solute concentration.
Solution
a liquid mixture in which the minor component (the solute) is…
Mixture
a substance made by mixing other substances together.
Science Flashcards
Worms
Arthropods
Echinoderm
Mollusk
any of a number of creeping or burrowing invertebrates animal…
invertebrates that have outer covering, segmented bodies, and…
invertebrates that has internal skeleton and system of fluid…
invertebrates with soft unsegmented bodies that are often pro…
Worms
any of a number of creeping or burrowing invertebrates animal…
Arthropods
invertebrates that have outer covering, segmented bodies, and…
16 terms
Science Flashcards
Atom
Protons
Electrons
Nuetrons
The smallest particle in which a chemical element can be divi…
A particle with a single charge equal to the charge of an ele…
A particle with a negative electrical charge equal to the cha…
An uncharged particle with a mass slightley greater than that…
Atom
The smallest particle in which a chemical element can be divi…
Protons
A particle with a single charge equal to the charge of an ele…
science Flashcards
matter
mass
volume
weight
physical substance in general, as distinct from mind and spir…
a body of coherent matter, usually of indefinite shape and of…
a collection of written or printed sheets bound together and…
amount of quantity of heaviness or mass, amount a thing weighs
matter
physical substance in general, as distinct from mind and spir…
mass
a body of coherent matter, usually of indefinite shape and of…
Science Flashcards
Erosion
Deposition
Run off
Physical weathering
The process of eroding or being eroded by wind water, or othe…
The action of deposing someone, especially a monarch.
The draining away of water from the surface of an area of lan…
The process of rocks breaking apart without changing their ch…
Erosion
The process of eroding or being eroded by wind water, or othe…
Deposition
The action of deposing someone, especially a monarch.
19 terms
Science flashcards
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Endocrine system
Excretory System
Carries needed materials to the body's cells, carries wastes…
Takes food into the body, breaks down food, absorbs nutrients…
Controls many body processes by means of chemicals.
Removes liquid wastes from the body
Circulatory system
Carries needed materials to the body's cells, carries wastes…
Digestive system
Takes food into the body, breaks down food, absorbs nutrients…
26 terms
Science Flashcards
Nucleic Acids
Ribose
Guanine
James Watson and Francis Crick
A complex organic substance present in living cells, especial…
A sugar that is create from the hydrolysis of RNA
A purine base that is paired with cytosine in DNA and RNA
They found the true shape of DNA
Nucleic Acids
A complex organic substance present in living cells, especial…
Ribose
A sugar that is create from the hydrolysis of RNA
16 terms
Science Flashcards
Biotic
Abiotic
Biome
Biosphere
Living
Nonliving
An area of distinct climate and animals.
The biosphere is the layer of the atmosphere where humans live.
Biotic
Living
Abiotic
Nonliving
10 terms
science flashcards
air pressure
insolation
atmosphere
evaporation
the force put on a given area by the weight of the air above…
the amount of the sun's energy that reaches earth at a given…
the air that surrounds the earth.
the changing of a liquid into a gas.
air pressure
the force put on a given area by the weight of the air above…
insolation
the amount of the sun's energy that reaches earth at a given…
science flashcards
hydrosphere
cryosphere
lithosphere
atmosphere
Includes all of earths water from oceansto lakes to undergrou…
incudes all of earths frozen water including glaciers , perma…
solid part of earth made up of rocks minerals and other eleme…
thin layer of glasses that surround our planet allows for var…
hydrosphere
Includes all of earths water from oceansto lakes to undergrou…
cryosphere
incudes all of earths frozen water including glaciers , perma…
16 terms
Science Flashcards
Organic Chemistry
Pure Carbon
Organic Compounds
Hydrocarbons
The study of all chemicals containing carbon
Diamond, graphite, fullerenes, and nanotubes
Compounds that contain carbon
Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen
Organic Chemistry
The study of all chemicals containing carbon
Pure Carbon
Diamond, graphite, fullerenes, and nanotubes
Science Flashcards
Respiration
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
Mitochondria
process by which plant and animal cells release energy for th…
process by which plant cells produce food
organelle in plant cells in which photosynthesis occurs
an organelle in plant and animal cells in which respiration o…
Respiration
process by which plant and animal cells release energy for th…
Photosynthesis
process by which plant cells produce food
Science Flashcards.
Thermal Conductivity
Electrical Conductivity
Boiling Point
Melting Point
The rate at which a substance transfers heat.
A Measure of how well a current of electricity can move throu…
The temperature at which a substance changes from liquid to g…
The temperature at which a substance changes from solid to li…
Thermal Conductivity
The rate at which a substance transfers heat.
Electrical Conductivity
A Measure of how well a current of electricity can move throu…
science flashcards
biosphere
atmosphere
hydrosphere
groundwater
the Earth system that contains all living things
a thin layer of gases surrounding Earth
the system containing all Earth's water
water that is stored in cracks and pours beneth Earths surface
biosphere
the Earth system that contains all living things
atmosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding Earth
60 terms
science Flashcards
chemical digestion
Testes
Ovaries
horomone
Chemical digestion is carried out by enzymes and chemicals. I…
The male sex cell
The female sex cell
chemical messengers
chemical digestion
Chemical digestion is carried out by enzymes and chemicals. I…
Testes
The male sex cell
Science flashcards
mouth
saliva glands
teeth
esophagus
the opening in the lower part of the human face, surrounded b…
any of various glands that discharge a fluid secretion and es…
any of various similar or analogous processes occurring in th…
the part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to…
mouth
the opening in the lower part of the human face, surrounded b…
saliva glands
any of various glands that discharge a fluid secretion and es…
8 terms
Science flashcards
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Chemical Energy
Compound
Alter the substance not the chemical structure of an substance
A change that rearranges the chemical structure of substances…
A form of potential energy held in the bonds of atoms and mol…
A combination of 2 or mor different kind of atoms bonded toge…
Physical Change
Alter the substance not the chemical structure of an substance
Chemical Change
A change that rearranges the chemical structure of substances…
50 terms
Science Flashcards
Electromagnetic Wave
Radiation
Three types of light energy from the sun
Scattering
A form of energy from the sun that can travel through space.
The transfer of energy between electromagnetic waves.
Visible Light - mixture of all of the colors that you see in…
Gas molecules reflect and spread out light in all directions.
Electromagnetic Wave
A form of energy from the sun that can travel through space.
Radiation
The transfer of energy between electromagnetic waves.
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