Study sets matching "science genes"

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Study sets matching "science genes"

18 terms
Science -Genes
what is meiosis
how many chromosomes does a human body…
how many chromosomes are in a human eg…
why is DNA considered the code of life
the process of making sex cells with cell division
46
23
it has the info needed to control and make an organism
what is meiosis
the process of making sex cells with cell division
how many chromosomes does a human body…
46
11 terms
science genes
phenotype
allele
traits
heredity
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
An alternative form of a gene
Characteristics that are inherited
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
phenotype
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
allele
An alternative form of a gene
15 terms
Science genes
Cell
Genetics
Gene
Genotype
Basic building block of life
The study of hereditary and genes
A section of DNA
Genetic combination of alleles
Cell
Basic building block of life
Genetics
The study of hereditary and genes
50 terms
Science Genes
DNA
RNA
phenotype
genotype
What is the instruction for developing and function of all li…
What helps make protein by sending itself to the ribosomes?
What is how the trait looks physically and is in result of th…
What is the organisms two trait combination?
DNA
What is the instruction for developing and function of all li…
RNA
What helps make protein by sending itself to the ribosomes?
SCIENCE GENES!!!
homologous
haploid
diploid
gamete
chromosomes that have the same genes
23 chromosomes - cell reproduces by MEIOSIS
46 chromosomes - cell reproduces by MITOSIS
name for the sperm and egg cells of male and females
homologous
chromosomes that have the same genes
haploid
23 chromosomes - cell reproduces by MEIOSIS
8 terms
Genes Science
Genes
Heredity
Alleles
Homozygous
segments of DNA that carry instructions for the traits of an…
the passing of traits from parents to offspring through the g…
If one masks the effect of the other, its dominant; the one m…
both alleles are the same; either both dominant (RR, BB) or b…
Genes
segments of DNA that carry instructions for the traits of an…
Heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring through the g…
science-genes
Phosphate group
mRNA
Ribose
Amino acids
phosphorus and 4 oxygen atoms
RNA that carries instructions for proteins
Sugar found in RNA
The building blocks of proteins
Phosphate group
phosphorus and 4 oxygen atoms
mRNA
RNA that carries instructions for proteins
50 terms
Science Genes
DNA
RNA
phenotype
genotype
What is the instruction for developing and function of all li…
What helps make protein by sending itself to the ribosomes?
What is how the trait looks physically and is in result of th…
What is the organisms two trait combination?
DNA
What is the instruction for developing and function of all li…
RNA
What helps make protein by sending itself to the ribosomes?
12 terms
Science: Genes
Heredity
trait
Genetics
Gene
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
the scientific study of heredity
the set of information that controls a trait
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
trait
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
15 terms
Science genes
genetics
alleles
traits
recessive allele
the scientific study of heredity
the different forms of gene
physical characteristics of organisms
an allele whose trait is masked in the presence of a dominant…
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
alleles
the different forms of gene
Science Genes
trait
gene
phenotype
genotype
physical characteristics
a section of DNA that codes for a particular trait
physical characteristics that you can see
the DNA instructions for a trait
trait
physical characteristics
gene
a section of DNA that codes for a particular trait
50 terms
Science Genes
DNA
RNA
phenotype
genotype
What is the instruction for developing and function of all li…
What helps make protein by sending itself to the ribosomes?
What is how the trait looks physically and is in result of th…
What is the organisms two trait combination?
DNA
What is the instruction for developing and function of all li…
RNA
What helps make protein by sending itself to the ribosomes?
8 terms
Science Genes
Pedigree
Recessive Disease
Dominant Diseases
Incomplete Dominance
a chart that shows how a trait and the genes controlling it a…
requires both alleles to be inherited
Not as common because no carriers are healthy
when neither inherited allele dominates in the offspring and…
Pedigree
a chart that shows how a trait and the genes controlling it a…
Recessive Disease
requires both alleles to be inherited
Science And Genes
Hybrid
Traits
Heredity
Genetics
An organism that is heterozygous
Characteristics
The passing of characteristics from parents to offspring
The scientific study of heredity
Hybrid
An organism that is heterozygous
Traits
Characteristics
Science Genes
Incomplete Dominanace
DNA
Chromosom
Probality
The phenotype results in a blend of two different allels beca…
The genetic material that carries infuriation about an organism
A doubled rod of chromatin
A number that describes how likely that a certain event will…
Incomplete Dominanace
The phenotype results in a blend of two different allels beca…
DNA
The genetic material that carries infuriation about an organism
24 terms
Science Genes
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
the passing of physical characteristics from parent to offspr…
Each specific characteristic is a trait
is the study of heredity
When a egg cell and sperm cell join together in a process cal…
heredity
the passing of physical characteristics from parent to offspr…
trait
Each specific characteristic is a trait
50 terms
Science Genes
DNA
RNA
phenotype
genotype
What is the instruction for developing and function of all li…
What helps make protein by sending itself to the ribosomes?
What is how the trait looks physically and is in result of th…
What is the organisms two trait combination?
DNA
What is the instruction for developing and function of all li…
RNA
What helps make protein by sending itself to the ribosomes?
11 terms
Science: Genes
Deoxyriobo nucleic acid
Contains genetic codes
Makes up DNA
The four different nucleotides that ma…
DNA
DNA
Nucleotide subunits
Adenine, Thymine, cytosine, guanine
Deoxyriobo nucleic acid
DNA
Contains genetic codes
DNA
41 terms
science genes
4 stages of mitosis
what is the purpose of mitosos
what would happen if mitosis stopped
what would happen if mitosis happened…
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
to make new cells so we can grow
everything would die because new cells would not be made
our bodies would overload with cells and we could get cancer
4 stages of mitosis
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
what is the purpose of mitosos
to make new cells so we can grow
Genes Science
Alleles
Mitosis
Homologs
Chromosomes
Different form of a gene
The copying and splitting of a cell nucleus
Chromosomes are found in pairs
Made of DNA
Alleles
Different form of a gene
Mitosis
The copying and splitting of a cell nucleus
Science genes
Dominate allele
Recessive allele
Heterozygous
Homozygous
always expressed
only expressed when there is no dominate
two different alleles
two of the same allele
Dominate allele
always expressed
Recessive allele
only expressed when there is no dominate
12 terms
Science Genes
Heterozygous
Homozygous
Inherited Trait
Acquired Trait
Two different alleles
Same alleles
A trait that is inherited
A trait due to environment or can be learned
Heterozygous
Two different alleles
Homozygous
Same alleles
13 terms
science (genes)
chromosones
inheritance
trait
gene
long lines of genes
the passing of traits from generation to generation
a distinguishing characteristic of an organism
a section of DNA on a chromosome that has genetic information…
chromosones
long lines of genes
inheritance
the passing of traits from generation to generation
17 terms
Science genes
Probability
A punnett square (def)
Phenotype
Homozygous
The likelyhood that a particular event will occur
A chart that shows all of the possible combinations of allele…
It's physical appearance of visible traits is seen
For a trait when someone who has two of the same alleles for…
Probability
The likelyhood that a particular event will occur
A punnett square (def)
A chart that shows all of the possible combinations of allele…
17 terms
Science genes
Mitosis and meiosis
Meiosis
Motosis
Hetro
Both have chromosones... Both start with a single cell... Both di…
Sexually reproduce... Chromosomes recombine... 4 cells produce
Asexual reproduction ... Chromosomes do not recombine ... 2 cells…
Different: Tt
Mitosis and meiosis
Both have chromosones... Both start with a single cell... Both di…
Meiosis
Sexually reproduce... Chromosomes recombine... 4 cells produce
Science genes
Biological
Variation
Characteristics
Traits
Related by blood
Differences;types
An observable or measurable feature of an organism... Ex:fur col…
A specific appearance;each version of a characteristic ... Ex:go…
Biological
Related by blood
Variation
Differences;types
Science... Genes
Genes
Genetics
Alleles
Dominate
The section of DNA on a chrososome that holds the instruction…
The study of how traits are inherited through the actions of…
The different forms of a trait that a gene might have.
Describes a trait that covers over another trait
Genes
The section of DNA on a chrososome that holds the instruction…
Genetics
The study of how traits are inherited through the actions of…
10 terms
Science:Genes
Genotype
Phenotype
Trait
Heterozygous(hybrid)
Pair of letters to represent inherited traits
The word that describes a way a trait looks
Characteristics inherited from your parents
1 dominant and 1 recessive trait (Aa)
Genotype
Pair of letters to represent inherited traits
Phenotype
The word that describes a way a trait looks
Science genes
Asexual reproduction
Mitosis
Sexual reproduction
Female sex chromosomes
One parent cell is needed for reproduction
Division in which each cell gets a copy of the original chrom…
Offspring
XX
Asexual reproduction
One parent cell is needed for reproduction
Mitosis
Division in which each cell gets a copy of the original chrom…
13 terms
Science Genes
Heredity
Recessive Trait
Dominant Trait
Gene
The passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring.
A trait that is apparent only when two recessive alleles for…
The trait observed in the first generation when parents that…
One set of instructions for an inherited trait
Heredity
The passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring.
Recessive Trait
A trait that is apparent only when two recessive alleles for…
20 terms
science genes
Phenotypes
Genotypes
Purebred
Hybrid
Physical appearance
Gene makeup of organism, represented by letter Dominant - cap…
Genes are same for a trait ... homozygous
Genes are different for a trait
Phenotypes
Physical appearance
Genotypes
Gene makeup of organism, represented by letter Dominant - cap…
6 terms
Science genes
Dominant
Recessive
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Expressed
Hidden
Same DD dd
Different Dd
Dominant
Expressed
Recessive
Hidden
7 terms
Science genes
Gene
Allele
Phenotype
Genotype
A section of DNA on a chromosome that has genetic information…
A different form of gene
How a trait appears or is expressed
The alleles of all the genes on an organisms chromosome contr…
Gene
A section of DNA on a chromosome that has genetic information…
Allele
A different form of gene
Science genes
homozygous
heterozygous
phenotype
genotype
to have matching alleles
to have one dominant one ressecive
appeareance
genetic makeup of an individual
homozygous
to have matching alleles
heterozygous
to have one dominant one ressecive
18 terms
Science Genes
Homozygus
Heterozygus
Phenotype
Genotype
Same genotypes
Different genotypes
The physical appearance
The letters/genetic makeup
Homozygus
Same genotypes
Heterozygus
Different genotypes
11 terms
Science Genes
DNA
Chromosomes
Genes
Alleles
Genetic information that forms a double helix.
Structures found in the nucleous that contain genetic informa…
Segment of DNA found on a chromosones that gives instructions…
Variations of genes, each parent donates one allele for each…
DNA
Genetic information that forms a double helix.
Chromosomes
Structures found in the nucleous that contain genetic informa…
9 terms
Genes Science
Dominant Gene
Recessive Gene
Hybrid
Pure
a trait that is always visible in the offspring and is the st…
a trait thats weaker and usually hidden by the stronger gene
organisms that have two unlike genes for a certain trait
two of the same kind of genes- either two dominant or two rec…
Dominant Gene
a trait that is always visible in the offspring and is the st…
Recessive Gene
a trait thats weaker and usually hidden by the stronger gene
20 terms
Science Genes
Homozygus
Heterozygous
Phenotype
Genotype
2 of the same letter Ex: PP,yy,HH
2 Different letters ... Ex: Pp,pP,Hh
Physical trait... Ex: brown hair, blue eyes
Letter trait... Ex: Oo, PP, Ll
Homozygus
2 of the same letter Ex: PP,yy,HH
Heterozygous
2 Different letters ... Ex: Pp,pP,Hh
12 terms
Science Genes
cow
bull
heifer
steer
A female that has had a baby
A male used for breeding
A female who hasn't had a baby
A male that is unable to breed
cow
A female that has had a baby
bull
A male used for breeding
10 terms
science genes
dominant
recessive
dominant trait
homozygous dominant
see more in population
see less in population
masks a recessive
same but still dominant; BB
dominant
see more in population
recessive
see less in population
Science genes
Hybrid
Hybrid Def.
Recessive def
Dominant def
Definition of two plants or animals of different species or v…
Bb
bb
BB
Hybrid
Definition of two plants or animals of different species or v…
Hybrid Def.
Bb
8 terms
Science Genes
Heredity
Genes
Chromosomes
Recessesvie Trait
The passing of trait between parents to offspring
Segments of DNA that carry heredity instructions and are pass…
Groups or chains of genes that form during cell divison
A trait that will appear in the off spring if the dominate ge…
Heredity
The passing of trait between parents to offspring
Genes
Segments of DNA that carry heredity instructions and are pass…
22 terms
science genes
pistal
homozygous
anther
alleles
female part of flower that contains ovary
Two alleles are dominant for a trait
male part of a flower that makes pollen
Different version of a gene
pistal
female part of flower that contains ovary
homozygous
Two alleles are dominant for a trait
28 terms
Science - Genes
The cell cycle
Mitosis
Chromosomes
number of pairs of chromosomes
Regular series of growth and division
Cell division for the purpose of growth
threadlike strands in the nucleus that control the cells acti…
23
The cell cycle
Regular series of growth and division
Mitosis
Cell division for the purpose of growth
science genes
trait
Heredity
genetic
chromosomes
a characteristic EX: eye color or hair color
the process of inheriting traits from your parents
The study of heredity
They are made up of DNA
trait
a characteristic EX: eye color or hair color
Heredity
the process of inheriting traits from your parents
Science, Genes
Dominant Gene
Recessive Gene
Hybrid
Pure
The trait that is always visible
Usually hidden gene
Organisms that have two unlike genes hy
Have two of the same genes p
Dominant Gene
The trait that is always visible
Recessive Gene
Usually hidden gene
Science genes
Genetics
Heredity
Genes
Dominant gene
The study of heredity and how traits are passed down from par…
The process by which traits are passed down .
a portion of the chromosome that contains a code for a specif…
controls the trait that is expressed.
Genetics
The study of heredity and how traits are passed down from par…
Heredity
The process by which traits are passed down .
10 terms
Science - genes
Gene
Probability
Recessive
Genotype
The segment of DNA that determines a particular trait
The likelihood of an occurrence
The form of the gene that shows up only one inherited from bo…
The kinds of genes and individual Carries
Gene
The segment of DNA that determines a particular trait
Probability
The likelihood of an occurrence
18 terms
Science Genes
Gregor Mendel
dominant allele
traits
hybrid
The Father of Genetics, came up with the idea of traits being…
An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when th…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait; an or…
Gregor Mendel
The Father of Genetics, came up with the idea of traits being…
dominant allele
An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when th…
Science / genes
Heredity
Gene
Trait
Alleles
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
The set of information that controls a trait, a segment of DN…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
The different forms of gene.
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Gene
The set of information that controls a trait, a segment of DN…
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