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Study sets matching "science genes"

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Study sets matching "science genes"

18 terms
Science -Genes
what is meiosis
how many chromosomes does a human body…
how many chromosomes are in a human eg…
why is DNA considered the code of life
the process of making sex cells with cell division
46
23
it has the info needed to control and make an organism
what is meiosis
the process of making sex cells with cell division
how many chromosomes does a human body…
46
11 terms
science genes
phenotype
allele
traits
heredity
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
An alternative form of a gene
Characteristics that are inherited
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
phenotype
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
allele
An alternative form of a gene
50 terms
Science Genes
DNA
RNA
phenotype
genotype
What is the instruction for developing and function of all li…
What helps make protein by sending itself to the ribosomes?
What is how the trait looks physically and is in result of th…
What is the organisms two trait combination?
DNA
What is the instruction for developing and function of all li…
RNA
What helps make protein by sending itself to the ribosomes?
50 terms
Science Genes
DNA
RNA
phenotype
genotype
What is the instruction for developing and function of all li…
What helps make protein by sending itself to the ribosomes?
What is how the trait looks physically and is in result of th…
What is the organisms two trait combination?
DNA
What is the instruction for developing and function of all li…
RNA
What helps make protein by sending itself to the ribosomes?
50 terms
Science Genes
DNA
RNA
phenotype
genotype
What is the instruction for developing and function of all li…
What helps make protein by sending itself to the ribosomes?
What is how the trait looks physically and is in result of th…
What is the organisms two trait combination?
DNA
What is the instruction for developing and function of all li…
RNA
What helps make protein by sending itself to the ribosomes?
24 terms
Science Genes
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
the passing of physical characteristics from parent to offspr…
Each specific characteristic is a trait
is the study of heredity
When a egg cell and sperm cell join together in a process cal…
heredity
the passing of physical characteristics from parent to offspr…
trait
Each specific characteristic is a trait
50 terms
Science Genes
DNA
RNA
phenotype
genotype
What is the instruction for developing and function of all li…
What helps make protein by sending itself to the ribosomes?
What is how the trait looks physically and is in result of th…
What is the organisms two trait combination?
DNA
What is the instruction for developing and function of all li…
RNA
What helps make protein by sending itself to the ribosomes?
11 terms
Science: Genes
Deoxyriobo nucleic acid
Contains genetic codes
Makes up DNA
The four different nucleotides that ma…
DNA
DNA
Nucleotide subunits
Adenine, Thymine, cytosine, guanine
Deoxyriobo nucleic acid
DNA
Contains genetic codes
DNA
11 terms
SCIENCE GENES!!!
homologous
haploid
diploid
gamete
chromosomes that have the same genes
23 chromosomes - cell reproduces by MEIOSIS
46 chromosomes - cell reproduces by MITOSIS
name for the sperm and egg cells of male and females
homologous
chromosomes that have the same genes
haploid
23 chromosomes - cell reproduces by MEIOSIS
15 terms
Science genes
Cell
Genetics
Gene
Genotype
Basic building block of life
The study of hereditary and genes
A section of DNA
Genetic combination of alleles
Cell
Basic building block of life
Genetics
The study of hereditary and genes
33 terms
Science: Genes
In a DNA molecule, which bases pair to…
A gene is
DNA
Watson and Crick
Thymine and Adenine
A set of instructions for each trait, instruction on how to m…
Is made up of Amino acids, has a structure like a twisted lad…
Made models to determine DNA structure
In a DNA molecule, which bases pair to…
Thymine and Adenine
A gene is
A set of instructions for each trait, instruction on how to m…
12 terms
Science: Genes
Heredity
trait
Genetics
Gene
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
the scientific study of heredity
the set of information that controls a trait
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
trait
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
16 terms
Science genes
What you are like depending onhow you…
What you have inherited from your pare…
The car and the dad both have long tai…
Eye colour natural hair colour lobed o…
What is enviromental characteristics
What is genetic characteristics
If you have a cat with a patch,long tail,grey fur and large e…
What are genetic characteristics
What you are like depending onhow you…
What is enviromental characteristics
What you have inherited from your pare…
What is genetic characteristics
18 terms
Science genes
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Phenotype
Genotype
TT or tt
Tt
Phsical trait
Letter in a punnet square made of 2 alleles
Homozygous
TT or tt
Heterozygous
Tt
9 terms
Science Genes
trait
gene
phenotype
genotype
physical characteristics
a section of DNA that codes for a particular trait
physical characteristics that you can see
the DNA instructions for a trait
trait
physical characteristics
gene
a section of DNA that codes for a particular trait
15 terms
Science genes
genetics
alleles
traits
recessive allele
the scientific study of heredity
the different forms of gene
physical characteristics of organisms
an allele whose trait is masked in the presence of a dominant…
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
alleles
the different forms of gene
Science Genes
Incomplete Dominanace
DNA
Chromosom
Probality
The phenotype results in a blend of two different allels beca…
The genetic material that carries infuriation about an organism
A doubled rod of chromatin
A number that describes how likely that a certain event will…
Incomplete Dominanace
The phenotype results in a blend of two different allels beca…
DNA
The genetic material that carries infuriation about an organism
8 terms
Science Genes
Pedigree
Recessive Disease
Dominant Diseases
Incomplete Dominance
a chart that shows how a trait and the genes controlling it a…
requires both alleles to be inherited
Not as common because no carriers are healthy
when neither inherited allele dominates in the offspring and…
Pedigree
a chart that shows how a trait and the genes controlling it a…
Recessive Disease
requires both alleles to be inherited
Science And Genes
Hybrid
Traits
Heredity
Genetics
An organism that is heterozygous
Characteristics
The passing of characteristics from parents to offspring
The scientific study of heredity
Hybrid
An organism that is heterozygous
Traits
Characteristics
31 terms
Science - Genes
What are a chromosome?
What are a gene?
What are a nucleotide?
What is the structure of the parts of…
A tightly coiled molecule of DNA.
a section of DNA that codes for a trait.
A subunit of DNA that consists of:... Phosphate group.... Pentose s…
|| <-- phosphate... \\= <--- Nitrogenous base... |... Deoxyribose
What are a chromosome?
A tightly coiled molecule of DNA.
What are a gene?
a section of DNA that codes for a trait.
41 terms
science genes
4 stages of mitosis
what is the purpose of mitosos
what would happen if mitosis stopped
what would happen if mitosis happened…
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
to make new cells so we can grow
everything would die because new cells would not be made
our bodies would overload with cells and we could get cancer
4 stages of mitosis
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
what is the purpose of mitosos
to make new cells so we can grow
29 terms
science genes
gene
dna
chromosome
mutation
passed from the parents to the offsprings and determines some…
holds genetic material that has the info to duplicate a cell;…
a thread like structure of acid and protein found in the nucl…
a mistake in the genetic code, good or bad or no effect at all
gene
passed from the parents to the offsprings and determines some…
dna
holds genetic material that has the info to duplicate a cell;…
17 terms
Science genes
Mitosis and meiosis
Meiosis
Motosis
Hetro
Both have chromosones... Both start with a single cell... Both di…
Sexually reproduce... Chromosomes recombine... 4 cells produce
Asexual reproduction ... Chromosomes do not recombine ... 2 cells…
Different: Tt
Mitosis and meiosis
Both have chromosones... Both start with a single cell... Both di…
Meiosis
Sexually reproduce... Chromosomes recombine... 4 cells produce
8 terms
Science genes
Sex Cells
Phenotype
Genotype
Alleles
Sperm and Eggs
The expression of a trait
Combinations of alleles
Different versions of the same gene
Sex Cells
Sperm and Eggs
Phenotype
The expression of a trait
11 terms
science (genes)
chromosones
inheritance
trait
gene
long lines of jeans
the passing of traits from generation to generation
a distinguishing characteristic of an organism
a section of DNA on a chromosome that has genetic information…
chromosones
long lines of jeans
inheritance
the passing of traits from generation to generation
17 terms
Science Genes
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
The scientific study of heredity.
This is process in which an egg cell and a sperm cell join to…
heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Science genes
homozygous
heterozygous
phenotype
genotype
to have matching alleles
to have one dominant one ressecive
appeareance
genetic makeup of an individual
homozygous
to have matching alleles
heterozygous
to have one dominant one ressecive
11 terms
Science Genes
DNA
Chromosomes
Genes
Alleles
Genetic information that forms a double helix.
Structures found in the nucleous that contain genetic informa…
Segment of DNA found on a chromosones that gives instructions…
Variations of genes, each parent donates one allele for each…
DNA
Genetic information that forms a double helix.
Chromosomes
Structures found in the nucleous that contain genetic informa…
9 terms
Genes Science
Dominant Gene
Recessive Gene
Hybrid
Pure
a trait that is always visible in the offspring and is the st…
a trait thats weaker and usually hidden by the stronger gene
organisms that have two unlike genes for a certain trait
two of the same kind of genes- either two dominant or two rec…
Dominant Gene
a trait that is always visible in the offspring and is the st…
Recessive Gene
a trait thats weaker and usually hidden by the stronger gene
10 terms
science genes
dominant
recessive
dominant trait
homozygous dominant
see more in population
see less in population
masks a recessive
same but still dominant; BB
dominant
see more in population
recessive
see less in population
9 terms
Science genes
Hybrid
Hybrid Def.
Recessive def
Dominant def
Definition of two plants or animals of different species or v…
Bb
bb
BB
Hybrid
Definition of two plants or animals of different species or v…
Hybrid Def.
Bb
28 terms
Science - Genes
The cell cycle
Mitosis
Chromosomes
number of pairs of chromosomes
Regular series of growth and division
Cell division for the purpose of growth
threadlike strands in the nucleus that control the cells acti…
23
The cell cycle
Regular series of growth and division
Mitosis
Cell division for the purpose of growth
9 terms
Science, Genes
Dominant Gene
Recessive Gene
Hybrid
Pure
The trait that is always visible
Usually hidden gene
Organisms that have two unlike genes hy
Have two of the same genes p
Dominant Gene
The trait that is always visible
Recessive Gene
Usually hidden gene
18 terms
Science Genes
Gregor Mendel
dominant allele
traits
hybrid
The Father of Genetics, came up with the idea of traits being…
An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when th…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait; an or…
Gregor Mendel
The Father of Genetics, came up with the idea of traits being…
dominant allele
An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when th…
20 terms
Science / genes
Heredity
Gene
Trait
Alleles
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
The set of information that controls a trait, a segment of DN…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
The different forms of gene.
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Gene
The set of information that controls a trait, a segment of DN…
17 terms
science genes
genetics
heredity
traits
offspring
the scientific study of heredity
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
physical characteristics of an organism (living thing)
the next generation of an organism
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
heredity
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
38 terms
Science - Genes
Inheritance
Genetics
Genes
Body cells
The passing of characteristics from one generation to another
The study of inheritance
The instructions for a particular trait such as height or hai…
Known as somatic cells
Inheritance
The passing of characteristics from one generation to another
Genetics
The study of inheritance
12 terms
Science: Genes
Dominant
Recessive
Heredity
Trait
A gene that controls its recessive form and determines teh ph…
A gene that can be controlled by a dominant form
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
An inherited characteristic of an organism
Dominant
A gene that controls its recessive form and determines teh ph…
Recessive
A gene that can be controlled by a dominant form
17 terms
science genes
gregor mendel
heredity
selective breeding
true breeding
a monk from austria who first started studying genetics throu…
the passing of traits from parents to children
breeding organisms for specific traits
breeding a plant to itself
gregor mendel
a monk from austria who first started studying genetics throu…
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to children
18 terms
Science Genes
Homozygus
Heterozygus
Phenotype
Genotype
Same genotypes
Different genotypes
The physical appearance
The letters/genetic makeup
Homozygus
Same genotypes
Heterozygus
Different genotypes
20 terms
Science Genes
Homozygus
Heterozygous
Phenotype
Genotype
2 of the same letter Ex: PP,yy,HH
2 Different letters ... Ex: Pp,pP,Hh
Physical trait... Ex: brown hair, blue eyes
Letter trait... Ex: Oo, PP, Ll
Homozygus
2 of the same letter Ex: PP,yy,HH
Heterozygous
2 Different letters ... Ex: Pp,pP,Hh
12 terms
Science Genes
cow
bull
heifer
steer
A female that has had a baby
A male used for breeding
A female who hasn't had a baby
A male that is unable to breed
cow
A female that has had a baby
bull
A male used for breeding
22 terms
science genes
pistal
homozygous
anther
alleles
female part of flower that contains ovary
Two alleles are dominant for a trait
male part of a flower that makes pollen
Different version of a gene
pistal
female part of flower that contains ovary
homozygous
Two alleles are dominant for a trait
18 terms
Science genes
Genetics
Heredity
Genes
Dominant gene
The study of heredity and how traits are passed down from par…
The process by which traits are passed down .
a portion of the chromosome that contains a code for a specif…
controls the trait that is expressed.
Genetics
The study of heredity and how traits are passed down from par…
Heredity
The process by which traits are passed down .
9 terms
Science: Genes
Dominant gene
Recessive gene
Hybrid
Pure
The trait that is visible
The trait that is usually hidden by the dominant gene
two different genes for a trait
two of the same genes for a trait
Dominant gene
The trait that is visible
Recessive gene
The trait that is usually hidden by the dominant gene
15 terms
science (genes)
homozygous
heterozygous
incomplete dominance
codominance
an organism with two dominant or two recessive alleles.
an organism that has one dominant and one recessive allele
when each allele in a heterozygous individual influences the…
when both of the alleles in a heterozygous individual contrib…
homozygous
an organism with two dominant or two recessive alleles.
heterozygous
an organism that has one dominant and one recessive allele
13 terms
Science: Genes
Trait
Heredity
Genetics
Cross-Pollination
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offspring
a set of traits an organism receives from its parents
the study of heredity
when the pollen from one plant is used to fertilize another p…
Trait
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offspring
Heredity
a set of traits an organism receives from its parents
38 terms
Science- genes
DNA translation
DNA definition
Nucleotides
A
Deoxyribonucleicacid
DNA encodes a set of plans for building parts of the cell, it…
Contains one phosphate, one deoxyribose sugar and one of four…
adenine
DNA translation
Deoxyribonucleicacid
DNA definition
DNA encodes a set of plans for building parts of the cell, it…
13 terms
Science Genes
Heredity
Recessive Trait
Dominant Trait
Gene
The passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring.
A trait that is apparent only when two recessive alleles for…
The trait observed in the first generation when parents that…
One set of instructions for an inherited trait
Heredity
The passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring.
Recessive Trait
A trait that is apparent only when two recessive alleles for…
20 terms
science genes
Phenotypes
Genotypes
Purebred
Hybrid
Physical appearance
Gene makeup of organism, represented by letter Dominant - cap…
Genes are same for a trait ... homozygous
Genes are different for a trait
Phenotypes
Physical appearance
Genotypes
Gene makeup of organism, represented by letter Dominant - cap…
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