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Study sets matching "science genetics biology"

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Study sets matching "science genetics biology"

76 terms
Biology Science 30 : Genetics
A Benefit of ASexual Reproduction is
Fertilization
What factor is influenced by environme…
Part of Cell that carries info about h…
Produces many offspring
Takes place when the Sex cell goes to Zygote
Mass
Chromosome
A Benefit of ASexual Reproduction is
Produces many offspring
Fertilization
Takes place when the Sex cell goes to Zygote
8 terms
Genetics (Science) (Biology
Genetics...
physical characteristics
Chromosomes and Genes
Chromosomes are made of...
is the study of the inheritance of characteristics.
many of your physical characteristics such as your eye colour…
The nucleus of each sex cell (gamete) contains a set of 23 th…
protein and a chemical called DNA.
Genetics...
is the study of the inheritance of characteristics.
physical characteristics
many of your physical characteristics such as your eye colour…
27 terms
Biology (Genetics and Medical Science)
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Genotype
Phenotype
Requires only one parent, the single parent produces genetica…
When two organisms reproduce to produce an offspring. Eg: mam…
The actual combination of genes. Eg: bb, BB, Bb
The physical appearance of the individual. Eg: brown eyes or…
Asexual Reproduction
Requires only one parent, the single parent produces genetica…
Sexual Reproduction
When two organisms reproduce to produce an offspring. Eg: mam…
11 terms
Science Biology Genetics Vocabulary
dominant
recessive
homozygous
incomplete dominance
an allele in a heterozygous individual that appears to be the…
an allele in a heterozygous individual that does not appear t…
having identical alleles for a trait.
when two different alleles combine in a new genotype to make…
dominant
an allele in a heterozygous individual that appears to be the…
recessive
an allele in a heterozygous individual that does not appear t…
10 terms
Science - Biology (Genetics)
Trait
Characteristic
Homozygous
DNA
A charateristic which is either present or absent n an organism
A feature or quality
Identical alleles for a single trait
Deoxyribonucleic acid; a long molecule that contains the gene…
Trait
A charateristic which is either present or absent n an organism
Characteristic
A feature or quality
11 terms
Science Biology - genetics
Gene
Allele
Dominant
Recessive
A part of a chromosome which controls a specific feature of a…
Different forms of a gene
An allele which is expressed (switched on) while another alle…
An Allele which is switched off while another is switched on.…
Gene
A part of a chromosome which controls a specific feature of a…
Allele
Different forms of a gene
58 terms
Science 30 : Immunity and Genetics : Biology
Non-Communicable diseases
Communicable Diseases
Bacteria (Type of Pathogen)
Viruses (Type of Pathogen)
Cancers , Diabetes , Cardiovascular (Heart / stroke ) and Res…
Can spread directly or indirectly such as Ebola , rabies , me…
Single celled organisms without a Nucleus .
Thread like particles that reproduce by taking over living ce…
Non-Communicable diseases
Cancers , Diabetes , Cardiovascular (Heart / stroke ) and Res…
Communicable Diseases
Can spread directly or indirectly such as Ebola , rabies , me…
Genetics (ag science and biology)
Gene
Allele
Gamete
Genotype
Part of a chromosome that contains information to produce a p…
Alternative forms of the same gene e.g. T and t
Sex cell. Gametes are haploid
The genes present in the organism whether expressed or not e.…
Gene
Part of a chromosome that contains information to produce a p…
Allele
Alternative forms of the same gene e.g. T and t
26 terms
Science Biology and Genetics
Tissue
Organs
Organ System
Specialization
Groups of specialized cells
Groups of tissue working together
Groups of organs working together
Function for a specific purpose
Tissue
Groups of specialized cells
Organs
Groups of tissue working together
45 terms
Science - Biology Genetics
Name the four nitrogen bases
Which nitrogen bases go with each other?
What is a nucleotide made out of?
In what phase of the cell cycle does D…
Adenine, thymine, guanine, cytosine
AT, GC
A nitrogen base with sugar and phosphate molecules
Interphase
Name the four nitrogen bases
Adenine, thymine, guanine, cytosine
Which nitrogen bases go with each other?
AT, GC
26 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 12 - Molecular Genetics
double helix*
nucleosome*
semiconservative replication
DNA polymerase*
Two strands of nucleotides twisted around each other in twist…
DNA coiled around histones and further coiled to form chromat…
method of DNA replication in which parental strands separate,…
Enzyme that catalyses the addition of appropriate nucleotides…
double helix*
Two strands of nucleotides twisted around each other in twist…
nucleosome*
DNA coiled around histones and further coiled to form chromat…
30 terms
Science Exam - Biology (Genetics)
What are chromosomes?
Where are chromosomes found?
When can chromosomes be seen?
How many chromosomes are there in the…
Chromosomes are long, thin strands that carry information whi…
Chromosomes are normally found in the nucleus of the cell.
Chromosomes can be seen when the cell is dividing because the…
a) 46... b) 8... c) 20
What are chromosomes?
Chromosomes are long, thin strands that carry information whi…
Where are chromosomes found?
Chromosomes are normally found in the nucleus of the cell.
27 terms
Biology: Genetics
Trait
P Generation
F1 generation
F2 generation
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The parent organisms that are bred to make offspring so that…
The first offspring born from a parental (P generation) cross.
The offspring resulting from interbreeding (or self-pollinati…
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
P Generation
The parent organisms that are bred to make offspring so that…
8 terms
Science Rvision, Biology, Variation and Genetics
heredity
Chromosomes
species
variation
The process where genetic information is passed from one gene…
A thread-like structure that is found in the nucleus of an an…
A species is a category within the classification system. Liv…
All people are human. They belong to the same species. Your f…
heredity
The process where genetic information is passed from one gene…
Chromosomes
A thread-like structure that is found in the nucleus of an an…
24 terms
Genetics Biology
Phenotype
Genotype
Homozygous
Purebred
appearance
letter alleles ex BB, Bb, bb
two of the same letter alleles ex. BB or bb
homozygous
Phenotype
appearance
Genotype
letter alleles ex BB, Bb, bb
15 terms
Biology - Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Genetics
trait
genes
Father of Genetics... Used Plant Peas to test dominant and reces…
The study of heredity
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
a unit of a chromosome that carries information determining t…
Gregor Mendel
Father of Genetics... Used Plant Peas to test dominant and reces…
Genetics
The study of heredity
12 terms
Science Biology/Genetics 1.9
DNA
Gene
Allele
Dominant
Large molecule made of nucleotides - comprised of many genes
A section of DNA that codes for a specific characteristic or…
A different form of the same gene (for the same characteristic)
Allele which is always expressed if present
DNA
Large molecule made of nucleotides - comprised of many genes
Gene
A section of DNA that codes for a specific characteristic or…
33 terms
Aqa additional science biology: Genetics
Mendel, characteristics, passed on, ge…
True
False
Codes for a protein
Gregor ........ noted how ........ In plants were ......... f…
Gregor Mendal's research became the foundation of modern gene…
Gregor Mandel's research became the foundation of modern gene…
Gene
Mendel, characteristics, passed on, ge…
Gregor ........ noted how ........ In plants were ......... f…
True
Gregor Mendal's research became the foundation of modern gene…
23 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 13 - Genetics and Biotechnology
interbreeding
selective breeding
test cross
cloning
selective breeding of closely related organisms to produce de…
directed breeding to produce plants and animals with desired…
breeding that can be used to determine an organism's genotype
process in which large numbers of identical recombinant DNA m…
interbreeding
selective breeding of closely related organisms to produce de…
selective breeding
directed breeding to produce plants and animals with desired…
18 terms
Genetics biology
the branch of Biology that deals with…
a monoploid sex cell produced by meios…
a specific characteristic that varies…
an individual that heterozygous for a…
genetics
gamete
trait
hybrid
the branch of Biology that deals with…
genetics
a monoploid sex cell produced by meios…
gamete
41 terms
Biology: Genetics
Trait
P Generation
F1 generation
F2 generation
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The parent organisms that are bred to make offspring so that…
The first offspring born from a parental (P generation) cross.
The offspring resulting from interbreeding (or self-pollinati…
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
P Generation
The parent organisms that are bred to make offspring so that…
23 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 13 - Genetics and Biotechnology
interbreeding
selective breeding
test cross
cloning
selective breeding of closely related organisms to produce de…
directed breeding to produce plants and animals with desired…
breeding that can be used to determine an organism's genotype
process in which large numbers of identical recombinant DNA m…
interbreeding
selective breeding of closely related organisms to produce de…
selective breeding
directed breeding to produce plants and animals with desired…
19 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 12 - Molecular Genetics
double helix
nucleosome
DNA polymerase
Okazaki fragment
twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of BNA coil…
enzyme that catalyzed synthesis of new DNA molecules
short segment of DNA synthesized discontinuously in small seg…
double helix
twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
nucleosome
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of BNA coil…
10 terms
Biology Genetics
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Alleles
Gene
When the alleles are the same PP or pp
When there is a dominant and a recessive Pp
an alternative form of a gene
segment of DNA that codes for an allele
Homozygous
When the alleles are the same PP or pp
Heterozygous
When there is a dominant and a recessive Pp
35 terms
Biology Unit-4: Genetics
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
DNA replication
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
messenger RNA (mRNA)
A nucleic acid molecule consisting of the nucleotides adenine…
The process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
A nucleic acid consisting of the nucleotides adenine, guanine…
A type of RNA synthesized using a DNA template that attaches…
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
A nucleic acid molecule consisting of the nucleotides adenine…
DNA replication
The process by which a DNA molecule is copied; also called DN…
47 terms
(GENETICS) BIOLOGY
Gregor Mendal
purpose of meiosis
Where does meiosis occur?
end result of meiosis
started studying traits and predicting what traits might show…
to produce gametes (egg/sperm)
reproductive organs
half of what your previously had (20 →10)
Gregor Mendal
started studying traits and predicting what traits might show…
purpose of meiosis
to produce gametes (egg/sperm)
21 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 10 - Sexual Reproduction and Genetics
Crossing Over
Diploid
Fertilization
Gamete
exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
having two copies of each chromosome (2n)
process by which haploid gametes combine, forming a diploid c…
a haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
Crossing Over
exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Diploid
having two copies of each chromosome (2n)
41 terms
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves thro…
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
23 terms
Biology-genetics
phenotype
genotype
chromosome
Allele
The outward expression of the genotype, physical and biochemi…
Combination of alleles that an organism possess
The thread like structure located in the nucleus of animal an…
An alternative version of a gene
phenotype
The outward expression of the genotype, physical and biochemi…
genotype
Combination of alleles that an organism possess
28 terms
Biology: Genetics Vocabulary
genetics
fertile
trait
true-breeding
the scientific study of how genes control the characteristics…
capable of growing and developing
a quality that makes one person or thing different from another
A kind of breeding in which the parents with a particular phe…
genetics
the scientific study of how genes control the characteristics…
fertile
capable of growing and developing
17 terms
Biology/Genetics
CROSSING OVER
DIPLOID
HAPLOID
GAMETES
Swapping of DNA between homologous... chromosomes, occurs in Pr…
having two sets of chromosomes, one from each parent
having one set of chromosomes
sex cells, (eggs or sperm cells). These are haploid.
CROSSING OVER
Swapping of DNA between homologous... chromosomes, occurs in Pr…
DIPLOID
having two sets of chromosomes, one from each parent
23 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 13 - Genetics and Biotechnology
interbreeding
selective breeding
test cross
cloning
selective breeding of closely related organisms to produce de…
directed breeding to produce plants and animals with desired…
breeding that can be used to determine an organism's genotype
process in which large numbers of identical recombinant DNA m…
interbreeding
selective breeding of closely related organisms to produce de…
selective breeding
directed breeding to produce plants and animals with desired…
9 terms
Biology genetics
Genetics
Gene
Dominant gene
Recessive gene
the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characte…
a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
Those that keep other genes from showing their traits
Those that do not show their traits when a dominant gene is p…
Genetics
the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characte…
Gene
a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
21 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 10 - Sexual Reproduction and Genetics
Crossing Over
Diploid
Fertilization
Gamete
exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
having two copies of each chromosome (2n)
process by which haploid gametes combine, forming a diploid c…
a haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
Crossing Over
exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Diploid
having two copies of each chromosome (2n)
42 terms
Biology-Genetics
Trait
Hybrid
Alelle
Gene
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait shown…
The different forms of a gene shown as a capital letter or lo…
A sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determine…
Trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Hybrid
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait shown…
10 terms
Science genetics
dominant
genetics
offspring
trait
a stronger gene that is more likely to show up in offspring
The study of inherited genes/ traits.
The generation produced by the parents- babies, seed,
Physical characterisitics in an offspring. (Hair)
dominant
a stronger gene that is more likely to show up in offspring
genetics
The study of inherited genes/ traits.
38 terms
Science 7 Genetics
Heredity
Gregor Mendel
Purebred
Dominant trait
The passing on of traits from parent to offspring.
Father of genetics; experimented on pea plants; results publi…
All offspring will display only one form of the trait.
Appears most often in offspring; covers up the other trait co…
Heredity
The passing on of traits from parent to offspring.
Gregor Mendel
Father of genetics; experimented on pea plants; results publi…
38 terms
Science Biology Final Pt. B (GENETICS)
Who was Gregor Mendal?
principle of dominance
independent assortment
segregation
was a monk who carried out many experiments in the monastery…
some alleles are dominant and some alleles are recessive
genes that separate independently do not influence each other…
is the separation of alleles during the formation of gametes
Who was Gregor Mendal?
was a monk who carried out many experiments in the monastery…
principle of dominance
some alleles are dominant and some alleles are recessive
22 terms
Biology Genetics
Probability
genetics
gregor mendel
homologous chromosomes
likely hood that a particular event will occur.
scientific study of heredity.
figured out the principle of dominance.
1 set of chromo. comes from male and the other comes from the…
Probability
likely hood that a particular event will occur.
genetics
scientific study of heredity.
13 terms
Science // Biology — Genetics
Gene
Gene locus
Genome
Chromosomes
Heritable factor that consists of a length of DNA and influen…
Specific location of a gene on a chromosome.
Consists of the entire set of chromosomes of an organism.
Long DNA molecules which contain many genes.
Gene
Heritable factor that consists of a length of DNA and influen…
Gene locus
Specific location of a gene on a chromosome.
38 terms
Biology Genetics
What does DNA stand for?
How many chromosomes are in body cells?
How many chromosomes are in sex cells?
What structure makes up DNA?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
46
23
Nucleotides
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
How many chromosomes are in body cells?
46
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 12 - Molecular Genetics
double helix
nucleosome
DNA polymerase
Okazaki fragment
twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of BNA coil…
enzyme that catalyzed synthesis of new DNA molecules
short segment of DNA synthesized discontinuously in small seg…
double helix
twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
nucleosome
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of BNA coil…
28 terms
Biology: Genetics
Allele
Dominant/Recessive
Codominance
Incomplete Dominance
a version of a gene
If one of the two alleles of an inherited pair differ, then o…
when it is heterozygous, two dominant traits are both shown/e…
a blending of the two alleles when it is heterozygous
Allele
a version of a gene
Dominant/Recessive
If one of the two alleles of an inherited pair differ, then o…
32 terms
Biology: Genetics
genetics
true-breeding
cross-pollination
alleles
the scientific study of heredity; the transmission of charact…
self-pollination that leads to offspring identical to themsel…
male sex cells, pollen, from the flower on one plant fertiliz…
different forms of genes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity; the transmission of charact…
true-breeding
self-pollination that leads to offspring identical to themsel…
10 terms
Biology: Genetics
Allele
Heterozygous
Homozygous
Monohybrid
One member of a pair of genes.
A gene pair with two different alleles.
A gene pair with two like alleles.
A genetic cross that analyzes one trait.
Allele
One member of a pair of genes.
Heterozygous
A gene pair with two different alleles.
19 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 12 - Molecular Genetics
double helix
nucleosome
DNA polymerase
Okazaki fragment
twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of BNA coil…
enzyme that catalyzed synthesis of new DNA molecules
short segment of DNA synthesized discontinuously in small seg…
double helix
twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
nucleosome
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of BNA coil…
19 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 12 - Molecular Genetics
double helix
nucleosome
DNA polymerase
Okazaki fragment
twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of BNA coil…
enzyme that catalyzed synthesis of new DNA molecules
short segment of DNA synthesized discontinuously in small seg…
double helix
twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
nucleosome
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of BNA coil…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
trait
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
a specific chracteristic
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
23 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 13 - Genetics and Biotechnology
interbreeding
selective breeding
test cross
cloning
selective breeding of closely related organisms to produce de…
directed breeding to produce plants and animals with desired…
breeding that can be used to determine an organism's genotype
process in which large numbers of identical recombinant DNA m…
interbreeding
selective breeding of closely related organisms to produce de…
selective breeding
directed breeding to produce plants and animals with desired…
23 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 13 - Genetics and Biotechnology
interbreeding
selective breeding
test cross
cloning
selective breeding of closely related organisms to produce de…
directed breeding to produce plants and animals with desired…
breeding that can be used to determine an organism's genotype
process in which large numbers of identical recombinant DNA m…
interbreeding
selective breeding of closely related organisms to produce de…
selective breeding
directed breeding to produce plants and animals with desired…
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